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1.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 1604235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483811

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the associations between air pollution exposure and pediatric outpatient visits for dry eye disease (DED) in Shenzhen, China. Methods: Generalized additive models were utilized to explore the acute effects of air pollution exposure on pediatric outpatient visits for DED. Results: Single-day lag exposures to NO2, O3, PM2.5, and PM10 were associated with DED outpatient visits at lag days 0, 6, 4 and 2. Relative risks (RRs) for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in NO2, O3, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations were 1.062[95% confidence interval (CI) 1.003, 1.123], 1.015(95% CI 1.001, 1.031), 1.052(95% CI 1.001, 1.115), and 1.038 (95% CI 1.002, 1.076), respectively. RR for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in NO2 over cumulative lag days 0-1 was 1.075 (95% CI 1.009, 1.147), and RR for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in PM10 over cumulative lag days 0-4 was 1.051 (95% CI 1.003, 1.102). Conclusion: The observed associations between air pollution and outpatient visits for DED may provide evidence for policy makers to consider implementing measures to reduce the risk of DED owing to air pollution in China.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Assistência Ambulatorial , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Exposição Ambiental , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/terapia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
2.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 104(6): 748-751, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265202

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the ocular characteristics and the presence of viral RNA of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in conjunctival swab specimens in a patient with confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). PARTICIPANT AND METHODS: A 30-year-old man with confirmed COVID-19 and bilateral acute conjunctivitis which occurred 13 days after illness onset. Based on detailed ophthalmic examination, reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was performed to detect SARS-CoV-2 virus in conjunctival swabs. The ocular characteristics, presence of viral RNA and viral dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in the conjunctival specimens were evaluated. RESULTS: Slit lamp examination showed bilateral acute follicular conjunctivitis. RT-PCR assay demonstrated the presence of viral RNA in conjunctival specimen 13 days after onset (cycle threshold value: 31). The conjunctival swab specimens remained positive for SARS-CoV-2 on 14 and 17 days after onset. On day 19, RT-PCR result was negative for SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 is capable of causing ocular complications such as viral conjunctivitis in the middle phase of illness. Precautionary measures are recommended when examining infected patients throughout the clinical course of the infection. However, conjunctival sampling might not be useful for early diagnosis because the virus may not appear initially in the conjunctiva.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Conjuntivite Viral/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Soluções Oftálmicas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , RNA Viral/análise , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , COVID-19 , Conjuntivite Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Cavidade Nasal/virologia , Pandemias , Faringe/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 192(3): 387-395, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415327

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate different methods of obtaining high-quality Computed Tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) images using low-dose scanning in patients with different body mass index (BMI) values. Sixty patients with suspected pulmonary embolism were grouped based on their BMI values (BMI < 25, designated N, and BMI ≥ 25, designated O) and were assigned to receive either test bolus (TB) or bolus tracking (BT) at conventional (C) or low (L) dose. The effective dose (ED) in the N-TB-L group was lower than in the group N-TB-C (0.56 ± 0.05 vs. 3.78 ± 1.16, p < 0.001), with similar image quality (4.90 ± 0.31 vs. 4.70 ± 0.47, p = 0.120). The ED in the O-TB-L group was lower than in the O-TB-C group (0.54 ± 0.03 vs. 5.14 ± 1.34, p < 0.001), but the group O-TB-C's image quality was higher (4.65 ± 0.59 vs. 3.95 ± 0.89, p = 0.006). Groups N-TB-L versus O-TB-L, groups N-TB-L versus N-BT-L and groups O-TB-C versus O-BT-C had similar EDs (all ps > 0.05), but the image quality was different (all ps < 0.05). In conclusion, the results showed that the image quality of low-dose CTPA scanning using TB was similar to that of the conventional-dose CTPA in patients with BMI < 25 but was lower in patients with BMI ≥ 25. TB was better than BT for all patients, regardless of BMI, when receiving the same ED.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Embolia Pulmonar , Angiografia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Doses de Radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Anal Chem ; 91(18): 11840-11847, 2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414596

RESUMO

N6-methyladenine (m6A), one of the most common chemical modifications of eukaryotic RNA, participates in many important biological processes. An effective strategy for the quantitative determination of m6A is of great significance. Herein, we used methylated microRNA-21 (miRNA21) as the model target to propose a simple and sensitive electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensing platform to detect a specific m6A RNA sequence. This strategy is based on the fact that the anti-m6A-antibody can specifically recognize and bind to the m6A site in the RNA sequence, resulting in a quenching effect between Ru(bpy)32+-functionalized metal-organic frameworks and ferrocene. Luminescent metal-organic frameworks (Ru@MOFs) not only act as ECL indicators but also serve as nanoreactors for the relative ECL reactions owing to their porous or multichannel structure, which overcomes the fact that Ru(bpy)32+ is easily released when used for aqueous-phase detection, thus enhancing the ECL efficiency. Moreover, the ECL method has fewer modification steps and uses only one antibody to recognize the target RNA sequence, which simplifies the operation process and reduces the detection time, presenting a wide linear range (0.001-10 nM) for m6A RNA determination with a low detection limit (0.0003 nM). Additionally, this developed strategy was validated for m6A RNA detection in human serum. Thus, the ECL biosensing method provides a new method for m6A RNA determination that is simple, highly specific, and sensitive.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Metalocenos/química , RNA/metabolismo , Rutênio/química , Adenina/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , DNA Complementar , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Medições Luminescentes/instrumentação , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Metilação , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , RNA/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Difração de Raios X
5.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 464(4): 1215-1221, 2015 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26210453

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Core protein has been demonstrated to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and is associated with cancer progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how the Core protein regulates EMT is still unclear. In this study, HCV Core protein was overexpressed by an adenovirus. The protein levels of EMT markers were measured by Western blot. The xenograft animal model was established by inoculation of HepG2 cells. Results showed that ectopic expression of HCV core protein induced EMT in L02 hepatocytes and HepG2 tumor cells by upregulating vimentin, Sanl1, and Snal2 expression and downregulating E-cadherin expression. Moreover, Core protein downregulated miR-30c and miR-203a levels in L02 and HepG2 cells, but artificial expression of miR-30c and miR-203a reversed Core protein-induced EMT. Further analysis showed that ectopic expression of HCV core protein stimulated cell proliferation, inhibited apoptosis, and increased cell migration, whereas artificial expression of miR-30c and miR-203a significantly reversed the role of Core protein in these cell functions in L02 and HepG2 cells. In the HepG2 xenograft tumor models, artificial expression of miR-30c and miR-203a inhibited EMT and tumor growth. Moreover, L02 cells overexpressing Core protein can form tumors in nude mice. In HCC patients, HCV infection significantly shortened patients' survival time, and loss of miR-30c and miR-203 expression correlated with poor survival. In conclusion, HCV core protein downregulates miR-30c and miR-203a expression, which results in activation of EMT in normal hepatocytes and HCC tumor cells. The Core protein-activated-EMT is involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of HCC. Loss of miR-30c and miR-203a expression is a marker for the poor prognosis of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas do Core Viral/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(4): 5794-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26131167

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Attributed to its antimicrobial effect, Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is widely used in various fields, such as biomedicine, textiles, health care products and food, etc. However, the antibacterial mechanism of AgNPs in staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) by regulating sRNA expression remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the involvement of the antibacterial mechanism of AgNPs through sRNA-TEG49, a key mediator of Hfq, in S. aureus. METHODS: Through the antimicrobial tests of AgNPs, its antibacterial laps and minimum inhibitory concentration was measured. A hierarchical cluster analysis of the differentially expressed sRNA in S. aureus was performed to investigate the relationship between AgNPs and sRNA. Expression of genes was analyzed by real-time PCR. RESULTS: In the present study we found that at the concentrations higher than 1 mg/L, AgNPs could completely restrain bacteria growth, and the antibacterial activity of AgNPs apparently declined at the concentrations lower than 1 mg/L. S. aureus exposure to AgNPs, the expression of sRNA-TEG49, Hfq and sarA was significantly up-regulated in wild-type S. aureus. Moreover, Hfq loss-of-function inhibited the expression of sRNA-TEG49 in mutant-type S. aureus. Furthermore, sRNA-TEG49 loss-of-function associated with down-regulation the expression of sarA in mutant-type S. aureus. CONCLUSIONS: It was reasonable that Hfq regulated a distinct underlying molecular and antibacterial mechanism of AgNPs by forming a positive feedback loop with sRNA-TEG49. These observations suggested that Hfq plays an important role in the antibacterial mechanism of AgNPs by regulating sRNA-TEG49 expression, via its target sarA.

7.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 30(6): 233-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26132704

RESUMO

Over 90% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an advanced stage. This study investigated the antitumor efficacy of the inhibition of cell division cycle protein 20 (CDC20) and heparanase (HPSE) expression in Hepa1-6 mouse hepatoma cells. Cell viability was measured by the MTT assay. Cell cycle was analyzed by cytometry. The invasion assay was performed using the Transwell chamber. The orthotopic liver tumor model was established by inoculating the livers of immunocompetent Kunming mice with Hepa1-6 cells. The MTT assay showed that 50 and 100 nM CDC20 siRNA-1 and HPSE siRNA-2 significantly reduced Hepa1-6 cell viability with the combination of CDC20 and HPSE siRNA being the most effective. Silencing of CDC20 or both CDC20 and HPSE expression significantly induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest in Hepa1-6 HCC cells. Silencing HPSE expression significantly inhibited the invasion ability of Hepa1-6 cells with the combination of CDC20 and HPSE silencing being more effective than HPSE alone. Silencing CDC20 and HPSE expression significantly inhibited HCC tumor growth in the orthotopic liver tumor model, but the combination was most effective. Silencing CDC20 and HPSE expression activated cell apoptosis and autophagy. In conclusion, targeting inhibition of both CDC20 and HPSE expression is an ideal strategy for HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Proteínas Cdc20/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Cdc20/metabolismo , Glucuronidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas Cdc20/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Transfecção
8.
J Biotechnol ; 130(2): 107-13, 2007 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17467097

RESUMO

The cationic polylactic acid (PLA) nanoparticle has emerged as a promising non-viral vector for gene delivery because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability. However, they are not capable of prolonging gene transfer and high transfection efficiency. In order to achieve prolonged delivery of cationic PLA/DNA complexes and higher transfection efficiency, in this study, we used copolymer methoxypolyethyleneglycol-PLA (MePEG-PLA), PLA and chitosan (CS) to prepare MePEG-PLA-CS NPs and PLA-CS NPs by a diafiltration method and prepared NPs/DNA complexes through the complex coacervation of nanoparticles with the pDNA. The object of our work is to evaluate the characterization and transfection efficiency of MePEG-PLA-CS versus PLA-CS NPs. The MePEG-PLA-CS NPs have a zeta potential of 15.7 mV at pH 7.4 and size under 100 nm, while the zeta potential of PLA-CS NPs was only 4.5 mV at pH 7.4. Electrophoretic analysis suggested that both MePEG-PLA-CS NPs and PLA-CS NPs with positive charges could protect the DNA from nuclease degradation and cell viability assay showed MePEG-PLA-CS NPs exhibit a low cytotoxicity to normal human liver cells. The potential of PLA-CS NPs and MePEG-PLA-CS NPs as a non-viral gene delivery vector to transfer exogenous gene in vitro and in vivo were examined. The pDNA being carried by MePEG-PLA-CS NPs, PLA-CS NPs and lipofectamine could enter and express in COS7 cells. However, the transfection efficiency of MePEG-PLA-CS/DNA complexes was better than PLA-CS/DNA and lipofectamine/DNA complexes by inversion fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry. It was distinctively to find that the transfection activity of PEGylation of complexes was improved. The nanoparticles were also tested for their ability to transport across the gastrointestinal mucosa in vivo in mice. In vivo experiments showed obviously that MePEG-PLA-CS/DNA complexes mediated higher gene expression in stomach and intestine of BALB/C mice compared to PLA-CS/DNA and lipofectamine/DNA complexes. These results suggested that MePEG-PLA-CS NPs have favorable properties for non-viral gene delivery.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Ácido Láctico/química , Ácido Láctico/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Transfecção/métodos , Animais , Células COS , Cátions/química , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitosana/química , Chlorocebus aethiops , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , DNA/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Absorção Intestinal/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Plasmídeos , Poliésteres , Polietilenoglicóis/química
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