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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480933

RESUMO

Broadband photomultiplication organic photodetectors (PMOPDs) can be achieved with a double-layered active layer prepared from IEICO-4F : PBDB-T blend solutions with different weight ratios (1 : 1 or 3 : 100, wt/wt). The response range of the double-layered PMOPDs covers from 310 nm to 930 nm, determined by the photon harvesting range of the IEICO-4F : PBDB-T (1 : 1, wt/wt) layer. The IEICO-4F : PBDB-T (3 : 100, wt/wt) layer was used as a PM layer in the double-layered PMOPDs, achieving external quantum efficiency (EQE) more than 100% based on the work mechanism of trap-assisted hole tunneling injection. The trapped electrons in PBDB-T/IEICO-4F/PBDB-T near the Al electrode will makeinterfacial-band-bending to narrow the injection barrier, resulting in hole-tunneling-injection from the external circuit. The polymer PBDB-T can provide an efficient charge transport channel for the injected hole from the external circuit. The specific detectivity (D*) and responsivity (R) of the double-layered PMOPDs are 1.05 ± 0.03 × 1012 Jones and 0.94 ± 0.03 A W-1 at 810 nm under a -10 V bias, respectively.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 136: 111280, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485063

RESUMO

Ginseng has been widely applied in clinical practice, but the cultivation age cannot be ignored as it influences the quality of ginseng and its products. In this work, different cultivation ages of fresh ginseng (FG) from four to seven years were analysed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Principal component analysis and supervised orthogonal partial least squared discrimination analysis, which belong to the normal method of multivariate statistical analysis, were applied to discover the characteristic components of FG at different cultivation ages. The components of new type of red ginseng (NRG) derived from FG at different cultivation ages were compared by HPLC analysis. The pharmacological anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by ELISA and qPCR. The result showed that the characteristic components of both 6- and 7-year-old ginseng were ginsenoside Rb1, mal-ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rc, mal-ginsenoside Rc, mal-ginsenoside Rb1 isomer, and mal-ginsenoside Rb2. Moreover, the characteristic components of both 4- and 5-year-old ginseng were ADP-glucose and 3-hydroxyhexanoyl CoA. In addition, 6-year-old NRG has higher rare ginsenosides than 4-year-old NRG, which possesses great anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. The results reveal the ginsenoside transformation law of NRG processing and suggest that the cultivation age of FG influences the content of ginsenosides in NRG. Therefore, 6-year-old ginseng is more suitable for red ginseng processing and clinical use.

4.
J Neurosci ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468570

RESUMO

DYT1 dystonia is a hereditary neurological movement disorder characterized by uncontrollable muscle contractions. It is caused by a heterozygous mutation in Torsin A (TOR1A), a gene encoding a membrane-embedded ATPase. While animal models provide insights into disease mechanisms, significant species-dependent differences exist since animals with the identical heterozygous mutation fail to show pathology. Here, we model DYT1 by using human patient-specific cholinergic motor neurons (MNs) that are generated through either direct conversion of patients' skin fibroblasts or differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). These human MNs with the heterozygous TOR1A mutation show reduced neurite length and branches, markedly thickened nuclear lamina, disrupted nuclear morphology, and impaired nucleocytoplasmic transport of mRNAs and proteins, whereas they lack the perinuclear "blebs" that are often observed in animal models. Furthermore, we uncover that the nuclear lamina protein LMNB1 is upregulated in DYT1 cells and exhibits abnormal subcellular distribution in a cholinergic MNs-specific manner. Such dysregulation of LMNB1 can be recapitulated by either ectopic expression of the mutant TOR1A gene or shRNA-mediated downregulation of endogenous TOR1A in healthy control MNs. Interestingly, downregulation of LMNB1 can largely ameliorate all the cellular defects in DYT1 MNs. These results reveal the value of disease modeling with human patient-specific neurons and indicate that dysregulation of LMNB1, a crucial component of the nuclear lamina, may constitute a major molecular mechanism underlying DYT1 pathology.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Inaccessibility to patient neurons greatly impedes our understanding of the pathological mechanisms for dystonia. In this study, we employ reprogrammed human patient-specific motor neurons to model DYT1, the most severe hereditary form of dystonia. Our results reveal disease-dependent deficits in nuclear morphology and nucleocytoplasmic transport. Most importantly, we further identify LMNB1 dysregulation as a major contributor to these deficits, uncovering a new pathological mechanism for DYT1 dystonia.

5.
Curr Opin Plant Biol ; 59: 102000, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454544

RESUMO

Legumes and several plant species in the monophyletic nitrogen-fixing clade produce root nodules that function as symbiotic organs and establish mutualistic relationships with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The modes of nodule organogenesis are distinct from those of lateral root development and also differ among different types of nodules formed in legumes and actinorhizal plants. It is considered that the evolution of new organs occurs through rearrangement of molecular networks interposed by certain neo-functionalized factors. Accumulating evidence has suggested that root nodule organogenesis involves root or lateral root developmental pathways. This review describes the current knowledge about the factors/pathways acquired by the common ancestor of the nitrogen-fixing clade in order to control nodule organogenesis.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 51, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397955

RESUMO

Identifying novel drug targets to overcome resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and eradicating leukemia stem/progenitor cells are required for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Here, we show that ubiquitin-specific peptidase 47 (USP47) is a potential target to overcome TKI resistance. Functional analysis shows that USP47 knockdown represses proliferation of CML cells sensitive or resistant to imatinib in vitro and in vivo. The knockout of Usp47 significantly inhibits BCR-ABL and BCR-ABLT315I-induced CML in mice with the reduction of Lin-Sca1+c-Kit+ CML stem/progenitor cells. Mechanistic studies show that stabilizing Y-box binding protein 1 contributes to USP47-mediated DNA damage repair in CML cells. Inhibiting USP47 by P22077 exerts cytotoxicity to CML cells with or without TKI resistance in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, P22077 eliminates leukemia stem/progenitor cells in CML mice. Together, targeting USP47 is a promising strategy to overcome TKI resistance and eradicate leukemia stem/progenitor cells in CML.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
7.
Am J Emerg Med ; 42: 23-30, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outcomes of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) during sepsis are inconsistent and inconclusive. This meta-analysis aims to provide a comprehensive description of the impact of new-onset AF on the prognosis of sepsis. METHODS: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library) were searched for relevant studies. Meta-analysis was performed using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) as effect measures. RESULTS: A total of 225,841 patients from 13 individual studies were incorporated to the meta-analysis. The summary results revealed that new-onset AF during sepsis was associated with increased odds of in-hospital mortality (pooled OR: 2.09; 95% CI: 1.53-2.86; p < 001), post-discharge mortality (pooled OR: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.81-3.29; p < .001), and stroke (pooled OR:1.88; 95% CI: 1.13-3.14; p < .05). Results also indicated that the incidence of new-onset AF varied from 1.9% for mild sepsis to 46.0% for septic shock. Furthermore, compared to those without AF, people with new-onset AF had longer ICU and hospital stays, as well as a higher recurrence of AF. CONCLUSIONS: New-onset AF is frequently associated with adverse outcomes in patients with sepsis. This is a clinical issue that warrants more attention and should be managed appropriately to prevent poor prognosis.

8.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439458

RESUMO

The stability of Ikaros family zinc finger protein 1 (Ikaros), a critical hematopoietic transcription factor, can be regulated by cereblon (CRBN) ubiquitin ligase stimulated by immunomodulatory drugs in multiple myeloma. However, other stabilization mechanisms of Ikaros have yet to be elucidated. In this study, we show that the pharmacologic inhibition or knockdown of Hsp90 downregulates Ikaros in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Proteasome inhibitor MG132 but not autophagy inhibitor chloroquine could suppress the Hsp90 inhibitor STA-9090-induced reduction of Ikaros, which is accompanied with the increased ubiquitination of Ikaros. Moreover, Ikaros interacts with E3 ubiquitin-ligase C terminal Hsc70 binding protein (CHIP), which mediates the STA-9090-induced ubiquitination of Ikaros. In addition, the knockdown of Ikaros effectively inhibits the proliferation of leukemia cells, but this phenomenon could be rescued by Ikaros overexpression. Collectively, our findings indicate that the interplay between HSP90 and CHIP regulates the stability of Ikaros in AML cells, which provides a novel strategy for AML treatment through targeting the HSP90/Ikaros/CHIP axis.

9.
J Nephrol ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428097

RESUMO

We report a young woman presented with nephrotic syndrome and normotension during every pregnancy and achieved complete remissions after the deliveries. We thus inferred that her nephrotic syndrome was closely associated with pregnancy. Kidney biopsies were perfromed and showed different histologic patterns: the first biopsy showed a pattern of endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis; the second biopsy revealed proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposits (PGNMID) with features of membranous nephropathy. With regard to presentation during the second trimester of pregnancy, achieving complete remission after delivery, and no relapse during the follow-up period, pregnancy associated PGNMID is suggested. To our best knowledge, this is the first reported case of PGNMID associated with pregnancy.

10.
Brain Res ; 1753: 147224, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358732

RESUMO

Chronic hypertension alters cerebrovascular function, which can lead to neurovascular pathologies and increased susceptibility to neurological disorders. The purpose of this study was to utilize in vivo MRI methods with corroborating immunohistology to evaluate neurovascular dysfunction due to progressive chronic hypertension. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model at different stages of hypertension was studied to evaluate: i) basal cerebral blood flow (CBF), ii) cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) assessed by CBF and blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal changes to hypercapnia, iii) neurovascular coupling from CBF and BOLD changes to forepaw stimulation, and iv) damage of neurovascular unit (NVU) components (microvascular, astrocyte and neuron densities). Comparisons were made with age-matched normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. In 10-week SHR (mild hypertension), basal CBF was higher (p < 0.05), CVR trended higher, and neurovascular coupling response was higher (p < 0.05), compared to normotensive rats. In 40-week SHR (severe hypertension), basal CBF, CVR, and neurovascular coupling response were reversed to similar or below normotensive rats, and were significantly different from 10-week SHR (p < 0.05). Immunohistological analysis found significantly reduced microvascular density, increased astrocytes, and reduced neuronal density in SHR at 40 weeks (p < 0.05) but not at 10 weeks (p > 0.05) in comparison to age-matched controls. In conclusion, we observed a bi-phasic basal CBF, CVR and neurovascular coupling response from early to late hypertension using in vivo MRI, with significant changes prior to changes in the NVU components from histology. MRI provides clinically relevant data that might be useful to characterize neurovascular pathogenesis on the brain in hypertension.

11.
Talanta ; 223(Pt 2): 121738, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298264

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species including superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radicals, as a conflicting class of biological metabolites in living organism, act crucial effect on Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this work, a facile integrated platform composed of a paper-based three-dimension (3D) cell culture system and an electrochemical sensor was developed for the construction of AD cell model in third dimensional structure and in situ cell viability monitoring by H2O2 released from PC12 cells cultured on paper scaffold were divided into three groups containing control group, amyloid beta peptide 25-35 (Aß25-35) group and Aß25-35+curcumin (Aß25-35+cur) group, respectively. In addition, the paper-based 3D platform displayed excellent properties, such as sensitivity, selectivity, reproducibility and stability. The levels of H2O2 expressed in PC12 cells of the three groups were monitored through a paper-based 3D platform. The viability of cells cultured on the 96-well plate was measured by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results of this paper-based platform are consistent with those of MTT, both displaying improved cell viability and decreased H2O2 production in Aß25-35+cur group compared to Aß25-35 group, which indicates that curcumin has effective cytoprotection. The paper-based 3D platform provides a convenient, economic and universal platform for in situ cell activity monitoring by key small molecules released from living cells.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 133: 111064, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378966

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Early reported symptoms include fever, cough, and respiratory symptoms. There were few reports of digestive symptoms. However, with COVID-19 spreading worldwide, symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain have gained increasing attention. Research has found that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the SARS-CoV-2 receptor, is strongly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Whether theoretically or clinically, many studies have suggested a close connection between COVID-19 and the digestive system. In this review, we summarize the digestive symptoms reported in existing research, discuss the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on the gastrointestinal tract and liver, and determine the possible mechanisms and aetiology, such as cytokine storm. In-depth exploration of the relationship between COVID-19 and the digestive system is urgently needed.


Assuntos
/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Pandemias , /patogenicidade , /metabolismo , Anorexia/etiologia , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares/virologia , /imunologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Comorbidade , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/virologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Transplante de Fígado , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/virologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Receptores Virais/metabolismo
13.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(21): 5070-5085, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269244

RESUMO

Evaluating patients with chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) is essential to find the underlying etiology. The basic tenets in managing CVLUs are to remove the etiological causes, to address systemic and metabolic conditions, to examine the ulcers and artery pulses, and to control wound infection with debridement and eliminating excessive pressure on the wound. The first-line treatments of CVLUs remain wound care, debridement, bed rest with leg elevation, and compression. Evidence to support the efficacy of silver-based dressings in healing CVLUs is unavailable. Hydrogen peroxide is harmful to the growth of granulation tissue in the wound. Surgery options include a high ligation with or without stripping or ablation of the GSVs depending on venous reflux or insufficiency. Yet, not all CVLUs are candidates for surgical treatment because of comorbidities. When standard care of wound for 4 wk failed to heal CVLUs effectively, use of advanced wound care should be considered based on the available evidence. Negative pressure wound therapy facilitates granulation tissue development, thereby helping closure of CVLUs. Autologous split-thickness skin grafting is still the gold standard approach to close huge CVLUs. Hair punch graft appears to have a better result than traditional hairless punch graft for CVLUs. Application of adipose tissue or placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells is a promising therapy for wound healing. Autologous platelet-rich plasma provides an alternative strategy for surgery for safe and natural healing of the ulcer. The confirmative efficacy of current advanced ulcer therapies needs more robust evidence.

14.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 22: 1043-1050, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294291

RESUMO

Transcription factors play key roles in cell-fate decisions by regulating 3D genome conformation and gene expression. The traditional view is that methylation of DNA hinders transcription factors binding to them, but recent research has shown that many transcription factors prefer to bind to methylated DNA. Therefore, identifying such transcription factors and understanding their functions is a stepping-stone for studying methylation-mediated biological processes. In this paper, a two-step discriminated method was proposed to recognize transcription factors and their preference for methylated DNA based only on sequences information. In the first step, the proposed model was used to discriminate transcription factors from non-transcription factors. The areas under the curve (AUCs) are 0.9183 and 0.9116, respectively, for the 5-fold cross-validation test and independent dataset test. Subsequently, for the classification of transcription factors that prefer methylated DNA and transcription factors that prefer non-methylated DNA, our model could produce the AUCs of 0.7744 and 0.7356, respectively, for the 5-fold cross-validation test and independent dataset test. Based on the proposed model, a user-friendly web server called TFPred was built, which can be freely accessed at http://lin-group.cn/server/TFPred/.

15.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275411

RESUMO

ß-glucosyltransferase (ß-GT) catalyzes the glucosylation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) to enable the survival of bacteriophage and parasite in host cells, and it is a critical tool enzyme for 5-hmC assay. However, few methods are available for ß-glucosyltransferase assay, and they usually have the drawbacks of radioactive contamination, high background, laborious procedures, and unsatisfactory sensitivity. Herein, we develop a new fluorescent biosensor with zero background signal for sensitive detection of ß-GT activity based on 5-hmC glucosylation-triggered helicase-dependent amplification (HDA). The detection probe we designed may act as both a probe for ß-GT recognition and a template for HDA amplification. The ß-GT-catalyzed 5-hmC glucosylation can protect the detection probes from both the cleavage by MfeI restrictive enzyme and the digestion by exonucleases I and III. The remaining detection probes can subsequently act as the templates for exponential HDA amplification to generate numerous double-stranded DNA products, which can be easily detected by SYBR Green I in a label-free manner. The zero background can be achieved by efficient elimination of primer-dimer nonspecific amplification and complete digestion of nonglucosylated detection probes. This biosensor exhibits high sensitivity and good specificity, and it can be further used to analyze ß-GT kinetic parameters and screen the inhibitors, providing a powerful platform for deeper understanding of ß-GT biological functions and promoting ß-GT-related epigenetic studies. Furthermore, this biosensor can be extended to detect various DNA-modifying enzymes by simply replacing the recognition sequence and restriction enzyme.

16.
Food Chem ; : 128735, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279350

RESUMO

Mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) is widely consumed after thermal processing. It is necessary to comprehensively evaluate of the allergenic potential and epitopes of allergens in high temperature-pressure (HTP) treated S. paramamosain. Tropomyosin and arginine kinase presented higher prevalence (30.77% and 42.13%) than the other three important crab allergens by component-resolved diagnosis. The surface expression of basophils CD63 and CD203c were decreased in HTP treated crab, an effect that was even more evident after digestion and absorption by the intestinal Caco-2 cell model. Of the 35 stable epitope, six were for the first time identified in shellfish. Seven heat/digested stable peptides of tropomyosin retained IgE-binding capacity and were shown to interact with MHC-II. Five epitopes (amino acids 19-29, 99-109, 153-162, 170-188 and 211-221) were the first identified in crab. The study provides insight into prevention and therapy of crab allergy, as well as helps to reduce crab allergenicity during thermal processing.

17.
J Travel Med ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The frequent movement of population between countries brings an increasing number of travel-related infections. This study aims to define the spectrum and dynamics of imported infections observed from international travel in the Chinese mainland. METHODS: Sick travellers were screened by inbound sentinel surveillance and post-travel clinic visits from 2014 to 18. The infections were classified as respiratory, gastrointestinal, vector-borne, blood/sexually transmitted and mucocutaneous. The analysed variables included the place of origin of the travellers (Chinese or foreign) and the time when travel-related infection was present (at the time of return, during travel and post-travel visits to the clinic). RESULTS: In total, 58 677 cases were identified amongst 1 409 265 253 travellers, with an incidence of 41.64/million, comprising during-travel incidence of 27.44/million and a post-travel incidence of 14.20/million. Respiratory infections constituted the highest proportion of illnesses during travel (81.19%, 31 393 of 38 667), which mainly came from Asian countries and tourists; with influenza virus and rhinovirus infections being mainly diagnosed. Vector-borne diseases constituted the highest proportion of post-travel illnesses (98.14%, 19 638 of 20 010), which were mainly diagnosed from African countries and labourers; with malaria and dengue fever being mainly diagnosed. The differential infection spectrum varied in terms of the traveller's demography, travel destination and travel purpose. As such, a higher proportion of foreign travellers had blood/sexually transmitted diseases (89.85%, 2832 of 3152), while Chinese citizens had a higher prevalence of vector-borne diseases (85.98%, 19 247 of 22 387) and gastrointestinal diseases (79.36%, 1115 of 1405). The highest incidence rate was observed amongst travellers arriving from Africa, while the lowest was observed amongst travellers arriving from Europe. CONCLUSIONS: The findings might help in preparing recommendations for travellers and also aid in primary care or other clinics that prepare travellers before trips abroad. The findings will also help to identify locations and the associated types of infections that might require attention.

18.
AMB Express ; 10(1): 214, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306160

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a novel circovirus identified in sows with PDNS-like clinical signs and reproductive failure. The capsid protein (CAP) of PCV3 is expected to be an effective vaccine candidate. Here, we expressed the original capsid protein, truncated capsid protein without anterior highly repetitive arginine (ΔCAP) and their codon-optimized counterparts in E. coli. These results showed that lots of repeated arginine could severely lower the expression of PCV3 capsid protein in E. coli. At the same time, the recombined truncated PCV3 capsid protein forms typic virions. The efficient expression of capsid protein is expected to serve the development of PCV3 vaccines and other studies of PCV3 capsid protein.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300534

RESUMO

Organic azides are an efficient source of nitrenes, which serve as vigorous intermediates in many useful organic reactions. In this work, the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) and its second-order perturbation (CASPT2) methods were employed to study the photochemistry of 2-furoylazide 1 and 3-furoylazide 5, including the Curtius rearrangement to two furylisocyanates (3 and 7) and subsequent reactions to the final product cyanoacrolein 9. Our calculations show that the photoinduced Curtius rearrangement of the two furoylazides takes place through similar stepwise mechanisms via two bistable furoylnitrenes 2 and 6. However, the decarbonylation and ring-opening process of 7 to 9 prefers a stepwise mechanism involving the 3-furoylnitrene intermediate 8, while 3 to 9 goes in a concerted asynchronous way without the corresponding 2-furoylnitrene intermediate 4. Importantly, we revealed that several conical intersections play key roles in the photochemistry of furoylazides. Our results are not only consistent and also make clear the experimental observations (X. Zeng, et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2018, 140, 10-13), but additionally provide important information on the chemistry of furoylazides and nitrenes.

20.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 2277-2289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304098

RESUMO

Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) is a rare complication following percutaneous carotid and coronary interventions, and important diagnostic radiological signs include brain edema and cortical enhancement. In this report, we detail a case of probable CIE in an 84-year-old woman following a normal diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG) that involved 20 mL of the low-osmolar, non-ionic monomeric, iodine-based contrast agent iopromide (Ultravist 370). The patient was unconscious and presented with hemiparesis, hemianopia, recurrent seizures, and cardiac and respiratory arrest within minutes to hours following the procedure. Non-contrast computed tomography (CT) of the head showed increased subarachnoid density, cortical enhancement, and brain edema in the right hemisphere. Three days of rehydration, reduction in cranial pressure, and treatment with an anticonvulsant and dexamethasone resulted in a gradual recovery with no neurological deficits. This case highlights that severe neurotoxic symptoms may occur in response to low doses of low-osmolar, non-ionic, monomeric contrast agents. This finding is of importance to interventional cardiologists for diagnostic considerations and development of treatment plans.

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