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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Texture features were the intrinsic properties of the human tissues and could efficiently detect the subtle functional changes of involved tissue. The pathologic changes of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) were significantly correlated with the temporomandibular disc displacement. However, the occult functional changes of LPM could not be detected by the naked eye on the medical images. The current study was aimed to evaluate the functional changes of the LPM in the patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) using texture analysis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with TMD were performed with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging on a 3.0T MR scanner, who were consecutively recruited from the TMD clinic of Hainan Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from February 2019 to September 2019. The patients were classified into three groups according to the disc displacement: disc without displacement (DWoD), disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR). The gray-level co-occurrence matrix method was applied with the texture analysis of LPM on the axial T2-weighted imaging. The texture features included angular second moment, contrast, correlation, inverse different moment, and entropy. One-way analysis of variance was used for grouped comparisons and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was applied to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the texture parameters. RESULTS: Texture contrast of LPM presented significantly lower in DDWoR (46.30 [35.03, 94.48]) than that in DWoD (123.85 [105.06, 143.23]; test statistic = 23.05; P < 0.001). Texture entropy of LPM showed significantly different among DWoD (7.62 ±â€Š0.33), DDWR (6.76 ±â€Š0.35), and DDWoR (6.46 ±â€Š0.39) (PDWoD-DDWR < 0.001, PDWoD-DDWoR < 0.001, and PDDWR-DDWoR = 0.014). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) demonstrated that texture entropy had an excellent diagnostic accuracy for DWoD-DDWR (AUC = 0.96) and DWoD-DDWoR (AUC = 0.98). CONCLUSION: The texture contrast and entropy could identify the altered functional status of LPM in patients with TMD and could be considered as the effective imaging biomarker to evaluate the functional changes of LPM in TMD.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 192: 110250, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028154

RESUMO

A bacterial strain designated Lysinibacillus fusiformis 15-4 was isolated from oil-free soil on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which can grow well utilizing petroleum hydrocarbons as a carbon source at a lower temperature. To deeply characterize the molecular adaptations and metabolic processes of this strain when grown in a petroleum-containing environment, transcriptome analysis was performed. A total of 4664 genes and the expression of 3969 genes were observed in strain 15-4. When the strain was grown in petroleum-containing medium, 2192 genes were significantly regulated, of which 1312 (60%) were upregulated and 880 (40%) were downregulated. This strain degraded and adapted to petroleum via modulation of diverse molecular processes, including improvements in transporter activity, oxidoreductase/dehydrogenase activity, two-component system/signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, fatty acid catabolism, amino acid metabolism, and environmental stress responses. Many strain-specific genes were involved in the oxidation of hydrocarbon compounds, such as several luciferase family alkane monooxygenase genes, flavin-utilizing monooxygenase family genes, and flavoprotein-like family alkanesulfonate monooxygenase genes. Several cold shock protein genes were also induced suggesting adaptation to cold environments and the potential for petroleum degradation at low temperatures. The results obtained in this study may broaden our understanding of molecular adaptation of bacteria to hydrocarbon-containing environments and may provide valuable data for further study of L. fusiformis.

3.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 42, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence has demonstrated conditioned medium (CM) from periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) improved periodontal regeneration. Gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) have been considered an alternative strategy for regenerative medicine. To determine whether GMSC-CM could promote periodontal wound healing, we compared the effects of GMSC-CM and PDLSC-CM on periodontal regeneration and the underlying mechanisms in rat periodontal defects. METHODS: Cell-free CMs were collected from PDLSCs, GMSCs, and gingival fibroblasts (GFs) using ultracentrifugation (100-fold concentration). Periodontal defects were created on the buccal side of the first molar in the left mandible of 90 rats by a surgical method. Collagen membranes loaded with concentrated CMs (α-MEM, GF-CM, GMSC-CM, PDLSC-CM) were transplanted into periodontal defects. After 1, 2, and 4 weeks, the animals were sacrificed and specimens including the first molar and the surrounding tissues were separated and decalcified. Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining were performed to evaluate periodontal regeneration. Immunohistochemical staining for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-10 was conducted to analyze inflammation. Immunohistochemistry of BSP-II and Runx2 was performed to analyze osteoblast differentiation. RESULTS: Histological analysis showed the amount of newly formed periodontal tissue was significantly higher in both the GMSC-CM and PDLSC-CM groups than in the other groups, with no significant difference between these two groups. At 1 and 2 weeks, the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß were significantly lower in the GMSC-CM and PDLSC-CM groups than in the other three groups, while there was no significant difference between these two groups. IL-10 expression was significantly higher in the GMSC-CM group than in the PDLSC-CM group and the other three groups. At 1, 2, and 4 weeks, BSP-II and Runx2 expressions were significantly higher in the GMSC-CM and PDLSC-CM groups than in the other three groups, with no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that GMSC-CM transplantation can significantly promote periodontal regeneration in rats and achieve the same effect as PDLSC-CM. The mechanism of periodontal regeneration may involve the regulation of inflammatory factors and the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of bone progenitor cells in the wound region by CMs from MSCs.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048645

RESUMO

We constructed a carbon-based polymer dot (CPD) sensor to detect breast cancer based on the differences of peripheral blood cells, providing a new minimally invasive method for cancer diagnosis. This simple and extensible system exhibits clinically relevant accuracy in terms of cancer identification, making it an attractive strategy for diagnosis and prognosis.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065443

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) play essential roles in the development of various diseases including hepatic carcinoma, melanoma, and psoriasis. Meanwhile, lncRNA-RP6-65G23.1 was upregulated in psoriasis. However, it is still unclear whether lncRNA-RP6-65G23.1 expression is upregulated and contributes to keratinocytes proliferation and apoptosis, and which mechanisms are responsible for these processes. The aims of this study are to address these issues. RP6-65G23.1 was significantly upregulated in M5-stimulated keratinocytes and stimulated the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of HaCaT cells. Knockdown of RP6-65G23.1 resulted in defects of growth and increased rates of apoptosis in HaCaT cells, while overexpression of RP6-65G23.1 manifested the opposite effects. Consistently, the expression of antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-xl and Bcl2 were decreased in RP6-65G23.1-knockdown cells but elevated in RP6-65G23.1 overexpression cells. In addition, RP6-65G23.1 depletion blunted the activity of extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and AKT signaling pathways and induced G1 /S-growth arrest. By contrast, overexpression of RP6-65G23.1 activates the ERK1/2 and AKT signaling pathways and inhibits the expression of p21 and p27 in an AKT-dependent manner leading to promote the G1/S progression. Our results suggested that lncRNA-RP6-65G23.1 would contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis by regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of keratinocytes via the p-ERK1/2 and p-AKT pathways.

6.
Neuroradiology ; 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955235

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore neuropathologic mechanisms in functional brain regions in patients with delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) from the perspective of the brain network nodes by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). METHODS: The fMRI and cognitive assessments were performed in 25 patients with DEACMP and 25 age-, sex- and education-matched healthy controls (HCs). Data analysis was performed via the degree centrality (DC) method. Then, the associations between the cognitive assessments and DC in the identified abnormal brain regions were assessed by using a correlation analysis. RESULTS: Compared with the HCs, the DEACMP patients displayed significantly decreased DC values in the right superior frontal gyrus, right precentral gyrus, right angular gyrus, right marginal gyrus, right hippocampus, and left thalamus but increased DC values in the right inferior frontal gyrus, right cingulate gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus, left medial temporal gyrus, right lingual gyrus, and right posterior cerebellar lobe, pons, and midbrain (GRF correction, voxel P value < 0.001, cluster P value < 0.01). The correlation analysis in the DEACMP group revealed that there was a negative correlation between the DC values in the right hippocampus and MMSE scores, whereas a positive correlation was observed in the right cingulate gyrus. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with DEACMP exhibited abnormal degree centrality in the brain network. This finding may provide a new approach for examining the neuropathologic mechanisms underlying DEACMP.

7.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964138

RESUMO

Phosphorus is a key element responsible for eutrophication, and its measurement and speciation is a critical topic in analytical chemistry. Most research efforts have been devoted to detecting phosphate (P(V)), while few reports on phosphite (P(III)) are available, making it difficult for sensor-based understanding of the phosphorus cycle. This study presents a fluorescent "turn-on" sensor for quantitative and highly selective analysis of phosphite based on the different coordination strength of N and P lone-pair electrons toward nickel oxide (NiO). A few N-containing compounds (mainly Good's buffers) were screened as inhibitors for the oxidase-like activity of NiO nanoparticles for the oxidation of Amplex red (AR). HEPES was found to be most effective for inhibiting the formation of fluorescent resorufin, the oxidation product of AR. Among various phosphorus-, arsenic-, selenium-, and sulfur-containing species, along with various cations, phosphite was the only one that could restore the activity, likely due to its stronger affinity with the surface, and it is not an inhibitor. Under the optimum condition, the sensor detected P(III) up to 1 mM with a detection limit of 1.46 µM. The phosphite analysis with recovery rates ranged from 74.2 ± 2.6% to 107.5 ± 0.5% in real water and biological samples, suggesting the potential applicability of this sensor.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 32, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949130

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified play a vital role in various different types of cancer via sponging miRNAs (microRNAs). However, their role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains largely unclear. In this study, we systematically characterized the circRNA expression profiles in the LUAD cancer tissues and paired adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Three circRNAs were found to be significantly upregulated. Among them, has-circRNA-002178 was further confirmed to be upregulated in the LUAD tissues, and LUAD cancer cells. Subsequently, we also found has-circRNA-002178 could enhance PDL1 expression via sponging miR-34 in cancer cells to induce T-cell exhaustion. More importantly, circRNA-002178 could be detected in exosomes of plasma from LUAD patients and could serve as biomarkers for LUAD early diagnosis. Finally, we found circRNA-002178 could be delivered into CD8+ T cells to induce PD1 expression via exosomes. Taken together, our study revealed that circRNA-002178 could act as a ceRNA to promote PDL1/PD1 expression in lung adenocarcinoma.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 842-850, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974627

RESUMO

The present study investigated the role of cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E polypeptide 1 (CYP2E1) in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). The expression levels of CYP2E1 in MGC­803 GC cells and normal GES­1 cells were investigated via western blotting, and it was identified that the expression of CYP2E1 was different between GES­1 and MGC­803 cells. CYP2E1 was overexpressed in MGC­803 cells using a lentiviral vector GV358. Cell Counting Kit­8, flow cytometry, cell migration and Matrigel invasion assays suggested that overexpression of CYP2E1 promoted the proliferation and invasion, and inhibited the apoptosis of GC cells. The relationship between CYP2E1 expression and key signaling molecules in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway was assessed. Reverse transcription­quantitative PCR analysis showed that mTOR mRNA expression was significantly increased after overexpression of CYP2E1 (P<0.05). Western blotting results showed that overexpression of CYP2E1 upregulated the expression of phosphorylated (p)­Akt, p­mTOR and p­p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (P70S6K; Ser371) proteins (P<0.05). To further investigate the relationship between CYP2E1 and the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in GC cells, MGC­803 cells were treated with the PI3K inhibitor LY294002, and changes in the expression levels of PI3K, AKT, mTOR, P70S6K and CYP2E1 were observed. The present results showed that LY294002 downregulated the expression of PI3K, CYP2E1, AKT, mTOR and P70S6K (P<0.05). Therefore, changes in the biological function of GC cells induced by CYP2E1 overexpression may be via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 17, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STAT5 plays an important role in the transformation of hematopoietic cells by BCR-ABL. However, the downstream target genes activated by STAT5 in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells remain largely unclear. Here, we investigated the mechanistic functional relationship between STAT5A-regulated microRNA and CML cell apoptosis. METHODS: The expression of USP15, Caspase-6, STAT5A-regulated miR-202-5p and STAT5A was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting in CML cell lines and PBMCs of CML patients. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Both gain- and loss-of-function experiments were used to investigate the roles of USP15, miR-202-5p and STAT5A in CML. Luciferase reporter assay detected the effect of miR-202-5p on USP15 expression. Xenograft animal model was used to test the effect of anti-miR-202-5p and pimozide on K562 cell xenograft growth. RESULTS: USP15 expression was significantly downregulated in CML cell lines and PBMCs of CML patients. Depletion of USP15 increased, whereas overexpression of USP15 reduced the resistance of CML cells to Imatinib. Further, decreased deubiquitinating activity of USP15 by USP15 downregulation led to reduced caspase-6 level, thus attenuating CML cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, miR-202-5p was upregulated in K562G cells and negatively regulated USP15 expression by directly targeting USP15 3'-UTR. Correspondingly, upregulation of miR-202-5p enhanced the resistance of CML cells to Imatinib by inhibiting cell apoptosis. Importantly, STAT5A was upregulated in CML cells and directly activated miR-202-5p transcription by binding to the pre-miR-202 promoter. Pimozide induced CML cell apoptosis and significantly reduced K562 cell xenograft growth in vivo by blocking STAT5A/miR-202-5p/USP15/Caspase-6 regulatory axis. CONCLUSIONS: we provide the first evidence that de-regulated STAT5A/miR-202-5p/USP15/Caspase-6 regulatory axis suppresses the apoptosis of CML cells, targeting this pathway might be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of CML.

11.
Langmuir ; 36(4): 1034-1042, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935105

RESUMO

A large number of nanomaterials can strongly adsorb DNA and quench fluorescence, such as graphene oxide, gold nanoparticles, and most metal oxides. On the other hand, noncationic nanomaterials that adsorb DNA but cannot quench fluorescence are less known. These materials are attractive for studying the mechanism of DNA-based surface reactions. Y2O3 was found to have this property. Herein, we used fluorescently labeled oligonucleotides as probes to study the mechanism of DNA adsorption. The fluorescence was quenched at low concentrations of Y2O3 and then recovered and even enhanced with higher Y2O3 concentrations. The reason was attributed to the intermolecular quenching by the DNA bases of the neighboring strands. The fluorescence enhancement was due to breaking of the intramolecular fluorophore/DNA interactions, and the most enhancement was observed with a Cy3-labeled DNA. DNA adsorption followed the Langmuir isotherm on Y2O3. Desorption experiments suggested that DNA was adsorbed through the phosphate backbone, with FAM-G15 and FAM-C15 adsorbed more strongly than the other two DNA homopolymers. With a high salt concentration, no fluorescence change was observed, suggesting that the DNA adsorbed in a folded state reducing intermolecular quenching. Overall, Y2O3 might be useful as a model surface for investigating DNA hybridization on a surface.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898399

RESUMO

The first total synthesis of the Euphorbia diterpenoid pepluanol B in both racemic and enantioenriched form involves 20 steps from a known bicyclic diol. This synthesis features an unprecedented bromo-epoxidation to control the eight-membered-ring conformation. In addition, salient reactions for the construction of the tetracyclic backbone include a sterically challenging aldol reaction to establish the quaternary center, a ring closing metathesis (RCM) to forge the eight-membered ring, and a diastereoselective cyclopropanation to assemble the embedded cyclopropane motif.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957607

RESUMO

The chloroplast is a type of subcellular organelle of green plants and eukaryotic algae, which plays an important role in the photosynthesis process. Since the function of a protein correlates with its location, knowing its subchloroplast localization is helpful for elucidating its functions. However, due to the large number of chloroplast proteins, it is costly and time-consuming to design biological experiments to recognize subchloroplast localizations of these proteins. To address this problem, during the past ten years, twelve computational prediction methods have been developed to predict protein subchloroplast localization. This review summarizes the research progress in this area. We hope the review could provide important guide for further computational study on protein subchloroplast localization.

14.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 48-week course of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) plus Chinese medicine (CM) therapy, namely Tiaogan Jianpi Hexue () and Tiaogan Jiedu Huashi () fomulae, in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 605 HBeAg-positive Chinese CHB patients were screened and 590 eligible participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups in 1:1 ratio including experimental group (EG, received ADV plus CM) and control group (CG, received ADV plus CM-placebo) for 48 weeks. The major study outcomes were the rates of HBeAg and HBV-DNA loss on week 12, 24, 36, 48, respectively. Secondary endpoints including liver functions (enzymes and bilirubin readings) were evaluated every 4 weeks at the beginning of week 24, 36, and 48. Routine blood, urine, and stool analyses in addition to electrocardiogram and abdominal B scan were monitored as safety evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were documented. RESULTS: The combination therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg loss at 48 weeks, without additional AEs. The full analysis population was 560 and 280 in each group. In the EG, population achieved HBeAg loss on week 12, 24, 36, and 48 were 25 (8.90%), 34 (12.14%), 52 (18.57%), and 83 (29.64%), respectively; the equivalent numbers in the CG were 20 (7.14%), 41 (14.64%), 54 (19.29%), and 50 (17.86%), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these group values on week 48 (P<0.01). No additional AEs were found in EG. Subgroup analysis suggested different outcomes among treatment patterns. CONCLUSION: Combination of CM and ADV therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg clearance compared with ADV monotherapy. The finding indicates that this combination therapy may provide an improved therapeutic effect and safety profile (ChiCTR-TRC-11001263).

15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115567, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887913

RESUMO

Sulfated oligosaccharide of Gracilaria lemaneiformis (GLSO) was prepared from sulfated polysaccharides which possessed antiallergic activity by degradation with high temperature and pressure combined with vitamin C treatment. The present study demonstrated that GLSO could attenuate food anaphylaxis, and inhibit the production of immunoglobulin E, histamine, and related cytokines in both prevention and therapy ovalbumin-induced mice model. Additionally, the gut microbiota analysis revealed that GLSO markedly rescued OVA-induced changes in the Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio. Following flow cytometry, GLSO was found to suppress the subpopulation of T helper 2 and B cells, and significantly up-regulate regulatory T cells (Tregs) differentiation. Furthermore, GLSO-mediated immunosuppression could be verified by co-culturing Tregs sorted from GLSO-treated mice and CD4+ T cells or mast cells. In a word, GLSO attenuated food anaphylaxis through the regulation of gut microbiota and induction of immunosuppression. GLSO had the potential to be used as a nutrient component against food allergy.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(11): 1717-1720, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942593

RESUMO

A novel sensor array based on a (+)AuNP/AuNC nanocomposite was constructed for the selective discrimination of 10 types of Gram-negative bacteria (including 3 types of antibiotic-resistant strains) at a low concentration level of OD600 = 0.015. By recognizing the triple optical patterns of Gram-negative bacteria with the assistance of LDA, the sensor array is able to group the bacteria with respect to their species to each other.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(4): 515-518, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825409

RESUMO

Understanding GSH flux in developing neurons is prerequisite to reveal its role in neuronal development but necessiates an ultrasensitive assay. By systematically exploring key structural factors determing probe sensitivity in live cells, we developed a fluorogenic probe capable of imaging subtle GSH fluctuations in developing neurons.

18.
J Virol Methods ; 276: 113775, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726114

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal disease caused by a virus in domestic pigs. In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay and visual LAMP assay were developed for the detection of African swine fever virus (ASFV). LAMP primers targeting the p10 gene of ASFV were designed, the LAMP reaction system was optimized with plasmid pUC57 containing the p10 gene sequence, and the specificities of the real-time LAMP and the visual assays were tested with the DNA or cDNA of pseudorabies virus (PRV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine parvovirus (PPV) and ASFV, as well as the plasmid pUC57 containing the p10 gene sequence. The detection limits were determined using a serial dilution of plasmid pUC57 containing the p10 gene sequence. Our results showed that the LAMP assays could accurately and specifically detect ASFV with a detection limit of 30 copies per µl-1 of pUC57 containing p10 gene sequence. In addition, the LAMP assays were further evaluated using various genotypes of ASFV strains. Furthermore, the LAMP assays are comparable with the well-established real-time PCR assay. This study provides promising solutions for facilitating preliminary and cost-effective surveillance for prevention and control of ASFV.

19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 186: 111846, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740055

RESUMO

A series of 2-aryl-4-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-5-substituted-1,2,3-triazoles were designed, synthesized and evaluated for the anticancer activities. Based on the model of DMAM-colchicine-tubulin complex interactions, various saturated nitrogen-containing heterocycles were introduced to the C5-position of 1,2,3-triazol to interact with a tolerant region at the entrance of the binding-pocket and increase the aqueous solubility of the compounds. All designed compounds were concisely synthesized by one-pot oxidative cyclization. Most compounds exhibited moderate antiproliferative activity with IC50 values in the micromolar to sub-micromolar range. Among them, 5g posed N-acyl-piperazine moiety at the C5-position of B-ring showed most potent against cancer cells, with IC50 values of 0.084-0.221 µM 5g potently disrupted microtubule/tubulin dynamics, induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase in SGC-7901 cells. In addition, molecular modeling studies suggested that 5g probably binds to the colchicine site of tubulin.

20.
World J Surg ; 44(2): 402-407, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loss of the neuromonitoring signal (LOS) during thyroidectomy signifies recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, which is one of the common complications, especially by traction injury. Transient intraoperative LOS means spontaneous recovery of nerve function during surgery or within 6-month post-surgery. Few articles discuss intraoperative recovery time and transient LOS, and there is no consensus on the risk factors for RLN traction injury and its recovery course; thus, we wanted to determine the maximum intraoperative recovery time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who had undergone thyroidectomies at Tainan National Cheng Kung University Hospital between January 2015 and August 2018. A total of 775 patients (with 1000 nerves at risk) who underwent intermittent intraoperative neuromonitoring during thyroidectomy were included in this study. The LOS nerves were divided into 4 groups based on the LOS subtype and the intraoperative status of the recovery. The postoperative vocal cord function was determined by thyroid ultrasound and/or laryngoscope. All the patients would be followed up postoperatively in 2-3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4-6 weeks. RESULTS: LOS occurred in 67 of 775 (8.6%) patients and in 70 of 1000 nerves at risk (7.0%). There were 2 in 70 nerves (2.9%) with LOS type 1 (segmental nerve traction injury) with intraoperative recovery (Group 1), 5 (7.1%) with LOS type 1 without intraoperative recovery (Group 2), 47 (67.1%) with LOS type 2 (global injury) with intraoperative recovery (Group 3), and 16 (22.8%) with LOS type 2 without intraoperative recovery (Group 4). All LOS type 1 (segmental nerve injury) nerves had pathologic lesions near the RLN or vagus nerve, but none had invaded the nerves (p < 0.05). The resolving time intraoperatively in the 2 patients in Group 1 was 5 min and 10 min, respectively. The resolving time intraoperatively in Group 3 was 1-20 min, and the average time was 4.8 min. In Group 2, 3 injured nerves recovered within 6 weeks postoperatively, and 2 nerves in 12 weeks. In Group 4, all the 16 injured nerves recovered within 6 weeks postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Applying intermittent intraoperative neuromonitoring during thyroidectomy, traction recurrent laryngeal nerve injury still happened in 7.0%. 70% of the injured nerves recovered the function intraoperatively after releasing the traction, and the longest duration of recovery is 20 min.

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