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1.
Addict Behav ; 103: 106224, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862620

RESUMO

Although both screen time (ST) and physical activity (PA) are associated with stress, independent and combined associations between ST and PA, and perceived stress among college students, have remained unclear. The present study included 1137 undergraduate medical students from a university in Shenyang, Northeast China. PA and perceived stress were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-Long Form and the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), respectively. ST and students' characteristics were determined using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the independent t-test, Pearson Chi-squared test, and logistic regression. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, females reporting high ST (HST, ST > 6 h/day) were more likely to experience stress than those reporting low ST (LST, ST ≤ 6 h/day) (OR = 1.557), while those reporting light- and moderate-intensity PA (LMPA) were more likely to experience stress than those reporting vigorous-intensity PA (VIPA) (OR = 1.674). Analysis of the combined effects of PA and ST showed that, among female students, those reporting both LST and LMPA (OR = 2.174), both HST and VIPA (OR = 2.088), and both HST and LMPA (OR = 2.797) were more likely to experience stress compared to those reporting both LST and VIPA (the reference category). The present study confirmed that LST and VIPA were independently and concurrently associated with significantly lower stress among college students, suggesting that promoting PA and reducing ST might be an effective way to reduce perceived stress among college students.

2.
Parasitol Res ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811423

RESUMO

Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an opportunistic pathogen in immunodeficient patients. Although this pathogen has been reported in many domestic animals, few data are available about the occurrence of E. bieneusi in wild rats. In the current study, a total of 228 fecal samples from two wild rat species (Leopoldamys edwardsi and Berylmys bowersi) in China were examined by a nested PCR-based sequencing approach employing the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The overall prevalence of E. bieneusi in wild rats was 33.3% (76/228), with 35.1% (39/111) in L. edwardsi and 31.6% (37/117) in B. bowersi. Ten E. bieneusi genotypes (including four known and six novel genotypes) were identified, with the novel CQR-2 (n = 15) as the predominant genotype. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that ten genotypes in the present study belong to zoonotic group 1, which contains many genotypes in humans. Furthermore, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis showed that 19 ITS-positive samples were successfully amplified at three microsatellites and one minisatellite, forming 18 multilocus genotypes (MLGs). This is the first report of E. bieneusi infection in the wild rats L. edwardsi and B. bowersi. Our findings suggest that wild rats could be a significant source of human infection, including contaminated food and water.

3.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(12): 935-944, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882049

RESUMO

Bipolarins A-H (1-8), eight new tetracyclic ophiobolin-type sesterterpenes featuring a rare oxaspiro[4.4]nonane moiety, were isolated from cultures of fungus Bipolaris sp. TJ403-B1. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments, electronic circular dichroism and 13C NMR calculations. Additionally, compound 5 exhibited significant selective antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis with an MIC value 8 µg·mL-1.

4.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2897-2906, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573805

RESUMO

A preliminary phytochemical investigation on the EtOAc extracts of the fungus Bipolaris sp. TJ403-B1 resulted in the identification of 12 ophiobolin-type phytotoxins (1-12), including nine new ones, termed bipolaricins A-I (1-9). The structures of 1-9 were elucidated via spectroscopic data (including HRESIMS and 1D and 2D NMR) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (Cu Kα) analyses. All of the isolated compounds were tested in terms of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities. Compound 10 showed HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 8.4 ± 0.4 µM), and 2, 3, and 10-12 showed significant inhibitory potency against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production, with IC50 values in the range of 5.1 ± 0.3 to 20 ± 1 µM. Further experiments showed that 10 could significantly inhibit the production of IL-1ß, RANTES, MIP-1ß, and TNF-α as well as enhance the release of IL-13 in macrophages through the inhibition of HO-1 induction as well as the NF-κB pathway. These findings provide a scientific rationale for an anti-inflammatory therapeutic and a template for a new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor to produce a potential anti-hyperlipidemia agent.

5.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400994

RESUMO

The economical production of pectin oligosaccharides with a specific degree of polymerization and structure from agro-food waste is an industrially important process. This study identified a novel pectate lyase gene (plhy1) from the thermophilic cellulolytic fungus H. insolens Y1 and tested its ability to produce pectin oligosaccharides. The recombinant PLHY1 produced in Pichia pastoris was superior to other similar enzymes due to its high thermal and pH stability. PLHY1 demonstrated optimal enzymatic activity at 55°C and pH 10.0 in the presence of 0.4 mM Ca2+, and preferred methyl esterified substrates for digestion. High performance anion exchange chromatography-pulsed amperometric detector and ultra high performance liquid chromatography in combination with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis showed that galacturonic acid-oligosaccharides with a small degree of polymerization (4-6) were the major hydrolysates produced by the degradation of apple peel pectin by PLHY1. The properties of PLHY1 make it valuable for application in the agro-food industry for the production of pectin oligosaccharides.

6.
J Nat Prod ; 82(8): 2181-2188, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390200

RESUMO

An HPLC-DAD-directed chemical investigation of the soil-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor QC812 resulted in the isolation and identification of eight new linearly fused prenylated indole alkaloids, asperversiamides I-P (1-8), along with a congener, asperversiamide H (9). Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopic analysis including HRESIMS and 1D and 2D NMR, electronic circular dichroism analysis, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Asperversiamide I (1), the first diketopiperazine derived from d-proline and l-tryptophan, possesses an unprecedented C-11-spiro-fused 6/6/5/5/6/5 hexacyclic ring system. Asperversiamide J (2) is the first linearly fused 6/6/5 tricyclic prenylated indole alkaloid to be reported. 1 and 2 showed moderate inhibitory activities against HeLa cells with IC50 values of 7.3 and 6.4 µM, respectively.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(27): 3590-3606, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for a variety of diseases such as diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular diseases. Restricting energy intake, or caloric restriction (CR), can reduce body weight and improve metabolic parameters in overweight or obese patients. We previously found that Lingguizhugan decoction (LZD) in combination with CR can effectively lower plasma lipid levels in patients with metabolic syndrome. However, the mechanism underlying CR and LZD treatment is still unclear. AIM: To investigate whether CR and LZD improve metabolic parameters by modulating gut microbiota. METHODS: We extracted the water-soluble components out of raw materials and dried as LZD extracts. Eight-week old male C57BL/6 mice were treated with a 3-d treatment regime that included 24 h-fasting followed by gavage of LZD extracts for 2 consecutive days, followed by a normal diet (ND) ad libitum for 16 wk. To test the effects of gut microbiota on diet-induced obesity, 8-wk old male C57BL/6 mice received fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from CR and LZD-treated mice every 3 d and were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) ad libitum for 16 wk. Control mice received either saline gavage or FMT from ND-fed mice receiving saline gavage as mentioned above. Body weight was monitored bi-weekly. Food consumption of each cage hosting five mice was recorded weekly. To monitor blood glucose, total cholesterol, and total triglycerides, blood samples were collected via submandibular bleeding after 6 h fasting. Oxygen consumption rate was monitored with metabolic cages. Feces were collected, and fecal DNA was extracted. Profiles of gut microbiota were mapped by metagenomic sequencing. RESULTS: We found that CR and LZD treatment significantly reduced the body weight of mice fed with ND (28.71 ± 0.29 vs 28.05 ± 0.15, P < 0.05), but did not affect plasma total cholesterol or total triglyceride levels. We then transplanted the fecal microbiota collected from CR and LZD-treated mice under ND feeding to HFD-fed mice. Intriguingly, transplanting the mice with fecal microbiota from CR and LZD-treated mice potently reduced body weight (44.95 ± 1.02 vs 40.53 ± 0.97, P < 0.001). FMT also reduced HFD-induced hepatosteatosis, in addition to improved glycemic control. Mechanistic studies found that FMT increased OCR of the mice and suppressed the expression and protein abundance of lipogenic genes in the liver. Metagenomic analysis revealed that HFD drastically altered the profile of gut microbiota, and FMT modified the profile of the gut microbiota. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that CR and LZD improve metabolic parameters by modulating gut microbiota.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3617129, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467884

RESUMO

Background: Accumulating evidence from prospective epidemiological studies has showed that depression disorder (DD) is a risk factor for cancer. The aim of this study is to explore the association of DD and the overall occurrence risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the mechanism. Methods: In this study, 60 mice were randomly divided into four groups: Control group, DD group, HCC group, HCC-DD group. Mice received a chronic dose of reserpine to establish depression model, followed by Diethylnitrosamine and Carbon tetrachloride administration to establish HCC models. Behavioral depression was assessed by sucrose preference test (SPT) and the expression of Serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptor in the hippocampal. The expression of Oatp2a1 and Oatp2b1 in the digestive system tissues was detected by PCR and western blotting. Results: Reserpine-administrated mice had a reducing sucrose preference at Day 14 compared with blank mice (P<0.05). The expression of 5-HT1A receptor in the hippocampal was decreased in DD mice compared with blank mice. The survival analysis indicated that the HCC mice with DD have poorer survival rate compared with the HCC mice. Compared with HCC mice, the expression of Oatp2a1 and Oatp2b1 was lower in liver and stomach tissue and higher in hepatic carcinoma and colon tissue of HCC-DD mice (P<0.05), and the expression of Oatp2a1 was higher in the spleen tissue of HCC-DD mice while the expression of Oatp2b1 was lower (P<0.05). However, no difference was found in the expression of Oatp2a1 and Oatp2b1 in the small intestine tissue between HCC group and HCC-DD group. Conclusions: DD was the adverse factors for the overall occurrence risk of HCC. Mechanistically, be the downregulation of Oatp2a1 and Oatp2b1 in liver tissue induced by DD might be involved.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 691: 341-347, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323579

RESUMO

Microplastics (MP) have been recently found in soil environments. These MP might have adverse effects at high concentrations and thus efficient extraction and analysis of MP from soil is needed. Here we propose a new method of NaBr solution circulation for extracting soil MP. A device for the circular extraction of soil MP was developed. This device included a separation, vacuum filtration, and solution recovery system. It was then utilized to test separation efficiency of soil MP with three economic and environmentally friendly extraction reagents: NaCl, CaCl2 and NaBr solutions. The separation was tested with ten different types of polymers, three different size classes and three different shapes of MP. Extraction with NaBr showed the highest recovery rates ranging from 85% to 100%. After extraction the samples were treated with H2O2 and analyzed by micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The developed method was assessed for its potential influence on MP and no significant changes in the integrity of multiple MP were found. Finally, the established method was used to analyze MP in four types of soil: farmland, yellow-brown, paddy and floodplain soil from the suburb of Shanghai. Results showed that the mean abundance of MP was 136.6-256.7 item kg-1. Various MP including PP (40%), PE (35.5%), Acrylic (15.6%), PET (6.7%) and PA (2.2%) were found. With this paper, we provide an alternative method through NaBr solution circulation for the extraction of soil MP.

10.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 124, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: College life represents a key transitional period in the life of young adults that is marked by increased social engagement; living habits acquired during this period have implications on the future life of college students. Therefore, investigation of the determinants of health status of college students is a key imperative; however, there is limited evidence on the study of concomitant effects of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and sleep duration on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of college students. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted at a medical university in Shenyang in Northeast China in 2017. The study group comprised 926 undergraduate students. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire. PA, ST, sleep duration, and HRQOL were measured using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ)-Long Form and the Chinese version of the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12). The association of PA, ST, and sleep duration with the HRQOL was examined using independent t-test, Pearson Chi-squared test, and multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounding factors, students who reported high PA had significantly higher physical component summary (PCS) score in the total study population and among female students than those who reported low PA, whereas students who reported moderate PA had significantly higher PCS score only among female students (P < 0.05). In the total study population and among male students, students who slept for ≥9 h/day had significantly higher mental component summary (MCS) score than those who slept for 7-< 8 h/day, whereas among only male students, those who slept for 8-< 9 h/day had significantly higher MCS score (P < 0.05). The interaction term between ST and PA was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: PA and sufficient sleep duration had a positive impact on the HRQOL of college students; however, ST was not associated with HRQOL and there was no interaction between the impact of ST and PA on the HRQOL of college students. Increasing PA and promoting adequate sleep duration are key health promotion strategies for college students.


Assuntos
Exercício , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário , Sono/fisiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112041, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203103

RESUMO

Spiroterreusnoids A-F, six undescribed spiro-dioxolane-containing adducts bearing 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid-based meroterpenoid and 2,3-butanediol moieties were isolated from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus terreus Thom from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (Celastraceae). The structures of these adducts were established by spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) measurements. Spiroterreusnoids A-F represent the first examples of adducts composed of 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid-based meroterpenoids. It is noteworthy that spiroterreusnoids A-F possessing a spiro-dioxolane moiety exhibited potential abilities in inhibiting BACE1 (IC50 values ranging from 5.86 to 27.16 µM) and AchE (IC50 values ranging from 22.18 to 32.51 µM), while the other analogues without this fragment displayed no such activities. Taken together, spiroterreusnoids A-F represent the first multitargeted natural adducts that could inhibit BACE1 and AchE, and might provide a new template for the development of new anti-Alzheimer's disease drugs.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Dioxolanos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Aspergillus/química , Celastraceae/microbiologia , Dioxolanos/química , Dioxolanos/isolamento & purificação , Enguias , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(35): 12091-12095, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254370

RESUMO

Bipolarolides A-G (1-7), seven novel ophiobolin-derived sesterterpenes with three new types of skeletons, were characterized from fungus Bipolaris sp. TJ403-B1. Their structures were determined via spectroscopic analyses, X-ray crystallography, and quantum chemical 13 C NMR and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 1 and 2 were uniquely defined by a multicyclic caged oxapentacyclo[9.3.0.01,6 .05,9 .18,12 ]pentadecane-bridged system. Compounds 3 and 4 featured an unprecedented 5-5-5-5-fused core skeleton, while 3 also contained an unexpected C-3-C-14 oxygen bridge to construct the caged architecture. Compounds 5-7 form a new class of highly modified pentacyclic oxaspiro[4.4]nonane-containing sesterterpene-alkaloid hybrids. Their biosynthetic pathways and potential HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory and antimicrobial activities are also discussed.

13.
Acta Trop ; 197: 105044, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173736

RESUMO

Neospora caninum is an intracellular protozoan infecting many domestic and wild animals. In the present study, the brain tissues of wild birds collected in Hunan province of China were examined by N. caninum specific nested PCR, targeting the Nc-5 gene and the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. The prevalence of N. caninum was detected in 15.5% (37/239) of wild birds, including 20.5% (9/44) of the examined olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni, 18.3% (24/131) of the examined tree sparrows Passer montanus, 7.9% (3/38) of the examined chestnut bunting Emberiza rutila and 3.8% (1/26) of the examined yellow-breasted bunting E. aureola. Phylogenetic analyses showed that N. caninum from different hosts and geographical origins are genetically diverse and can be further classified into two distinct groups. Our findings indicated that wild birds are potential source of N. caninum for other animals. To our knowledge, this is the first report of N. caninum infection in wild birds in China, which provides a foundation for the prevention and control of this parasite in China and elsewhere.

14.
Complement Ther Med ; 44: 162-165, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126550

RESUMO

l-carnitine infusion has been proven to reduce fasting-induced fatigue and hunger in patients with metabolic syndrome in our former study. However, the association between l-carnitine and clinical outcomes of fasting therapy is yet to be investigated. In this study, data from 192 patients who finished fasting therapy from September 2008 to July 2018 were reviewed, among which 142 patients received l-carnitine infusion in fasting regimen. Propensity matching was used to overcome retrospective bias. Patients' anthropometric measurements and metabolic markers were evaluated. After propensity matching, 40 patients were included in each group. Weight (-4.05 ± 1.65 kg vs -3.25 ± 1.68 kg, P = 0.031) and BMI (-1.51±0.61 kg/m2 vs -1.20 ± 0.62 kg/m2, P = 0.036) decreased in both groups, but significantly more in l-carnitine group, while diastolic blood pressure (-1.67±9.82 mmHg vs -6.21±8.83 mmHg, P = 0.043) and triglycerides (-0.18±0.63 mmol/L vs -1.05±1.70 mmol/L, P = 0.007) decreased significantly more in non-l-carnitine group compared between groups, blood glucose did not differ significantly between groups. l-carnitine can boost the positive effects of fasting therapy on weight loss and maintain the stability of blood pressure.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 250: 447-455, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026691

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated the occurrence of microplastic fibers (MFs) in soil environments. To determine whether MFs are harmful for soil biota, we evaluated toxic effects on terrestrial snails (Achatina fulica) after 28 d exposure to polyethylene terephthalate MFs at concentrations of 0.01-0.71 g kg-1 (dry soil weight). Digestion kinetics experiments on 24 snails showed that MFs can be ingested and excreted within 48 h. We found the appearance of cracks and deterioration on the surface of MFs after depuration by the digestive system. Prolonged exposure to 40 snails showed that 0.14-0.71 g kg-1 MFs caused an average reduction of 24.7-34.9% food intake and 46.6-69.7% excretion. 0.71 g kg-1 MFs induced significant villi damage in the gastrointestinal walls of 40% snails, but did not influence the histology of the liver and kidney. Moreover, 0.71 g kg-1 MFs exposure reduced glutathione peroxidase (59.3 ±â€¯13.8%) and total antioxidant capacity (36.7 ±â€¯8.5%), but elevated malondialdehyde level (58.0 ±â€¯6.4%) in the liver, which indicates oxidative stress is involved in the toxic mechanism. Our results suggest that MFs have adverse impacts on the fitness of soil organisms, and highlight the ecological risks of microplastic pollution in terrestrial ecosystems.


Assuntos
Polietilenotereftalatos/metabolismo , Caramujos/fisiologia , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Animais , Biota , Ecossistema , Poluição Ambiental , Glutationa , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Peroxidases , Plásticos , Polietilenotereftalatos/toxicidade , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 7258624, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015890

RESUMO

Background: Amino acids (AAs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) play a pivotal role in cerebral ischemia (CI). BuChang NaoXinTong Capsules (BNC) are widely prescribed in Chinese medicine for the treatment of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Methods: In order to investigate the therapeutic effects and pharmacological mechanisms of BNC on reversing CI from a system level, an amino acid-protein interaction imbalanced network of CI containing metabolites of AAs, key regulatory enzymes, and proteins was constructed for the first time. Furthermore, a novel method for detecting the ten AAs in CSF was developed by UPLC-QQQ-MS in an effort to validate the imbalanced networks and the therapeutic effects of BNC via analysis of metabolites. Results: Based on a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model, the dynamic levels of amino acids in CSF 3, 6, 12, and 24 h after MCAO were analyzed. Up to 24 h, the accumulated nine AA biomarkers were found to significantly change in the MCAO group compared to the sham group and exhibited an obvious tendency for returning to baseline values after BNC treatment. In addition, based on the imbalanced network of CI, four key enzymes that regulate the generation of BNC-mediated AA biomarkers were selected and validated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting. Finally, aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) was found to be one of the putative targets for BNC-mediated protection against CI. Conclusion: This study provides new strategies to explore the mechanism of cerebral ischemia and help discover the potential mechanism of BNC.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Metabolômica , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Aminoácidos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Análise de Componente Principal , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
J Cancer ; 10(4): 957-967, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854102

RESUMO

Purpose: Trophinin-associated protein (TROAP) is a cytoplasmic protein that plays a significant role in the processes of embryo transplantation and microtubule regulation. However, the relevant survival analysis and cancer progression analysis have not yet been reported. Methods: Eighteen matched pairs of tumor and adjacent non-tumor samples were evaluated to detect the TROAP mRNA level. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to evaluate the TROAP expression in 108 hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent surgical resection. Meanwhile, data from the TCGA database was statistically evaluated. Results: In the present study, we detected a significant increase in the TROAP mRNA level in tumor tissues when compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues. Moreover, the upregulation of TROAP was associated with increased serum AFP and GGT; the greater the tumor number was, the larger the tumor size, differentiation grade, and cancer embolus in clinical analysis. In HCC patients, elevated TROAP expression in the primary tumor was positively related to clinical severity, such as poor overall survival and disease-free survival. In addition, both univariate and multivariate survival analysis validated that TROAP expression was a promising independent risk factor for overall survival and disease-free survival in HCC patients. Furthermore, the results derived from the analysis of data from the TCGA database were consistent with previous results. Altogether, our results show that TROAP is a novel crucial regulator of HCC progression and is a potential therapeutic biomarker for HCC patients. Conclusions: Elevated TROAP expression predicted a poor prognosis, and TROAP may serve as a potential biomarker for application in oncotherapy.

18.
Cytokine ; 117: 84-90, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by eosinophilic inflammation. However, the function and regulation of eosinophils in AR are largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the expression and role of interleukin-36 (IL-36) cytokines in AR. METHODS: Sixty AR patients and 20 control subjects were recruited in this study. The mRNA and protein expression of serum IL-36 family cytokines and IL-36R in AR were detected by quantitative RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA, respectively. IL-36R expression and regulation by eosinophils and the role of IL-36γ in the survival, adhesion, migration and activation of eosinophils were performed in purified eosinophils. Human nasal epithelial cell line was cultured and treated with different stimulators and IL-36γ was measured. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein expression of serum IL-36 cytokines and IL-36R were significantly higher in AR compared with control, especially in asthmatic patients. Among the IL-36 cytokines, the expression of IL-36γ was the highest. The expression of IL-36R by eosinophils were significantly increased compared with normal controls and was up-regulated by recombinant IL-17, IL-25, IL-33 and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 1. The IL-36γ promote the survival, adhesion, migration and activation of eosinophils. Human nasal epithelial cells can secrete IL-36γ after treated with recombinant IL-17, IL-25, IL-33. CONCLUSIONS: High expression of IL-36γ exaggerates eosinophilic inflammation in AR by promoting the survival, adhesion, and activation of eosinophils.

19.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(4): 617-622, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700647

RESUMO

Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in neurons may underlie the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Acrolein, a ubiquitous pollutant, has been reported to implicate in the etiology of AD. Our previous data showed that acrolein changed the levels of key AD-associated proteins, including advanced glycation end products (RAGE), A-disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM-10), and beta-site amyloid-beta peptide cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1). In this study, we investigated whether acrolein-induced alterations of AD-associated proteins are relevant to MAPKs activation, and strategies to inhibit MAPKs activation yield benefits to acrolein-induced neurotoxicity in HT22 mouse hippocampal cells. We found that acrolein activated MAPKs signaling pathways to mediate cells apoptosis, and then altered the levels of AD-associated proteins ADAM-10, BACE-1 and RAGE. Inhibitors of MAPKs signaling pathways attenuated the cells death and restored the proteins levels of ADAM-10, BACE-1 and RAGE in varying degrees induced by acrolein. Taken together, activated MAPKs signaling pathways should be underlying the pathology of acrolein-induced neuronal disorders. Inhibitors of MAPKs pathways might be promising agents for acrolein-related diseases, such as AD.


Assuntos
Acroleína/toxicidade , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína ADAM10/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Linhagem Celular , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Camundongos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo
20.
Skin Res Technol ; 25(4): 424-433, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform noninvasive analysis of skin proteins in a healthy Chinese population using label-free nanoflow liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (nLC-MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five consecutive tape strippings were obtained from the volar forearm skin of healthy Chinese subjects. Proteins were extracted, and trypsin-digested peptides were analyzed by a nanochromatography instrument coupled to an Orbitrap Fusion Tribrid mass spectrometer. Data-dependent acquisition allowed protein identification, which was performed by using Proteome Discoverer software (v2.2). RESULTS: In this study, we identified 80 common proteins that were expressed in the skin of healthy Chinese volunteers and divided these proteins into 16 categories, including keratins, cornified envelope proteins, and enzymes associated with substance metabolism. These proteins were closely associated with multiple functions of the skin barrier. CONCLUSION: This study provides a noninvasive method to analyze healthy human epidermal proteins, which are closely associated with the skin barrier. In addition, this study provides a reference for further studies on the application of proteomic technologies to investigate the role of human epidermal proteins in health and disease.

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