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1.
J Mater Chem B ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502611

RESUMO

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) based on intratumoral generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been playing crucial roles in conquering tumors. However, the above therapeutic methods are still constrained by the overexpressed tumor glutathione (GSH) and intrinsic tumor resistance to conventional organic photosensitizers. Herein, lanthanide-doped nanoparticles (LDNPs) were coated with inorganic bimetallic copper and manganese silicate nanospheres (CMSNs) and modified with sodium alginate (SA) for second near-infrared (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) imaging-guided CDT and PDT. Interestingly, cross-relaxation (CR) pathways between Ce3+ and Ho3+ and CR between Ce3+ and Er3+ are fully exploited to enable dual-mode upconversion (UC) and NIR-II downconversion (DC) emissions of LDNPs under 980 nm laser excitation. UC emission can induce CMSNs to produce toxic singlet oxygen (1O2) for PDT, and the released Mn2+ and Cu+ ions caused by GSH-induced degradation of CMSNs can react with endogenous H2O2 to produce hydroxyl radical (˙OH) for CDT. Significantly, the ultrabright NIR-II DC emission endows the systems with exceptional optical imaging capabilities. All results affirm the potency of such an "all in one" theranostic nanomedicine integrating PDT, CDT and remarkable NIR-II imaging abilities accompanied by the function of modulating tumor microenvironment in cancer theranostics.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549057

RESUMO

O3-NaNi0.25Fe0.5Mn0.25O2 layered oxide is considered one of the most promising cathode candidates for sodium-ion batteries because of its advantages, such as its large capacity and low cost. However, the practical application of this material is limited by its poor cyclic stability and insufficient rate capability. Here, a strategy to substitute the Fe3+ in NaNi0.25Fe0.5Mn0.25O2 with Al3+ is adopted to address these issues. The substitution of Fe3+ with Al3+ enhances the framework stability and phase transition reversibility of the parent NaNi0.25Fe0.5Mn0.25O2 material by forming a stronger TM-O bond, which improves the cycling stability. Moreover, partial Al3+ substitution increases the interslab distance, providing a spacious path for Na+ diffusion and resulting in fast diffusion kinetics, which lead to improved rate capability. Consequently, the target NaNi0.25Fe0.5-xAlxMn0.25O2 sample with optimal x = 0.045 exhibits a remarkable electrochemical performance in a Na-ion cell with a large reversible capacity of 131.7 mA h g-1, a stable retention of approximately 81.6% after cycling at 1C for 100 cycles, and a rate performance of 81.3 mA h g-1 at 10C. This method might pave the way for novel means of improving the electrochemical properties of layered transitional-metal oxides and provide insightful guidance for the design of low-cost cathode materials.

3.
Virulence ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531887

RESUMO

Mycobacterium bovis is a major cause of animal tuberculosis that is also highly dangerous to human health. Autophagic isolation and degradation of intracellular pathogens are employed by host cells as primary innate immune defence mechanisms to control intercellular M. bovis infection. In this study, RNA-Seq technology was used to obtain the total mRNA from bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) infected with M. bovis at 6 and 24 h after infection. One of the differential genes, GBP2b, was also investigated. Analysis of the significant pathway involved in GBP2b-coexpressed mRNA demonstrated that GBP2b was associated with autophagy and autophagy-related mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signalling. The results of in vivo and in vitro experiments showed significant up-regulation of GBP2b during M. bovis infection. For in vitro validation, small interfering RNA-GBP2b plasmids were transfected into BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells lines to down-regulate the expression of GBP2b. The results showed that the down-regulation of GBP2b impaired autophagy via the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway. Further studies revealed that the activation of AMPK signalling was essential for the regulation of autophagy during M. bovis infection, and the down-regulation of GBP2b promoted the intracellular survival of M. bovis. These findings were validated on two types of macrophages, which extended the knowledge about the involvement of GBP2b in the autophagic process. Based on these observations, GBP2b should be developed as a promising molecular target for intervening on host-pathogen interactions to develop novel therapeutic strategies to control M. bovis infections in humans and animals.

4.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471877

RESUMO

Constructing and analyzing functional brain networks (FBN) has become a promising approach to brain disorder classification. However, the conventional successive construct-and-analyze process would limit the performance due to the lack of interactions and adaptivity among the subtasks in the process. Recently, Transformer has demonstrated remarkable performance in various tasks, attributing to its effective attention mechanism in modeling complex feature relationships. In this paper, for the first time, we develop Transformer for integrated FBN modeling, analysis and brain disorder classification with rs-fMRI data by proposing a Diffusion Kernel Attention Network to address the specific challenges. Specifically, directly applying Transformer does not necessarily admit optimal performance in this task due to its extensive parameters in the attention module against the limited training samples usually available. Looking into this issue, we propose to use kernel attention to replace the original dot-product attention module in Transformer. This significantly reduces the number of parameters to train and thus alleviates the issue of small sample while introducing a non-linear attention mechanism to model complex functional connections. Another limit of Transformer for FBN applications is that it only considers pair-wise interactions between directly connected brain regions but ignores the important indirect connections. Therefore, we further explore diffusion process over the kernel attention to incorporate wider interactions among indirectly connected brain regions. Extensive experimental study is conducted on ADHD-200 data set for ADHD classification and on ADNI data set for Alzheimer's disease classification, and the results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method over the competing methods.

5.
Int J Oral Sci ; 14(1): 23, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477924

RESUMO

The significant clinical feature of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is the exposure of the necrotic jaw. Other clinical manifestations include jaw pain, swelling, abscess, and skin fistula, which seriously affect the patients' life, and there is no radical cure. Thus, new methods need to be found to prevent the occurrence of BRONJ. Here, a novel nanoparticle, tFNA-KLT, was successfully synthesized by us, in which the nanoparticle tetrahedral framework nucleic acid (tFNA) was used for carrying angiogenic peptide, KLT, and then further enhanced angiogenesis. TFNA-KLT possessed the same characteristics as tFNA, such as simple synthesis, stable structure, and good biocompatibility. Meanwhile, tFNA enhanced the stability of KLT and carried more KLT to interact with endothelial cells. First, it was confirmed that tFNA-KLT had the superior angiogenic ability to tFNA and KLT both in vitro and in vivo. Then we apply tFNA-KLT to the prevention of BRONJ. The results showed that tFNA-KLT can effectively prevent the occurrence of BRONJ by accelerating angiogenesis. In summary, the prepared novel nanoparticle, tFNA-KLT, was firstly synthesized by us. It was also firstly confirmed by us that tFNA-KLT significantly enhanced angiogenesis and can effectively prevent the occurrence of BRONJ by accelerating angiogenesis, thus providing a new avenue for the prevention of BRONJ and a new choice for therapeutic angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Nanopartículas , Ácidos Nucleicos , Proteínas Angiogênicas/uso terapêutico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/tratamento farmacológico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/prevenção & controle , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Ácidos Nucleicos/uso terapêutico
6.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 171, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a severe complication of diabetes mellitus and a common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, which render them an attractive therapeutic tool for tissue damage and inflammation. METHODS: This study was designed to determine the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) on streptozotocin-induced DN. Renal function and histological staining were used to evaluate kidney damage. RNA high-throughput sequencing on rat kidney and UCMSC-derived exosomes was used to identify the critical miRNAs. Co-cultivation of macrophage cell lines and UC-MSCs-derived conditional medium were used to assess the involvement of macrophage polarization signaling. RESULTS: UC-MSC administration significantly improved renal function, reduced the local and systemic inflammatory cytokine levels, and attenuated inflammatory cell infiltration into the kidney tissue in DN rats. Moreover, UC-MSCs shifted macrophage polarization from a pro-inflammatory M1 to an anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. Mechanistically, miR-146a-5p was significantly downregulated and negatively correlated with renal injury in DN rats as determined through high-throughput RNA sequencing. Importantly, UC-MSCs-derived miR-146a-5p promoted M2 macrophage polarization by inhibiting tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor-6 (TRAF6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT1) signaling pathway. Furthermore, miR-146a-5p modification in UC-MSCs enhanced the efficacy of anti-inflammation and renal function improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings demonstrate that UC-MSCs-derived miR-146a-5p have the potential to restore renal function in DN rats through facilitating M2 macrophage polarization by targeting TRAF6. This would pave the way for the use of miRNA-modified cell therapy for kidney diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ratos , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF , Cordão Umbilical/metabolismo
7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2038, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440570

RESUMO

Developing precise nanomedicines to improve the transport of anticancer drugs into tumor tissue and to the final action site remains a critical challenge. Here, we present a bioorthogonal in situ assembly strategy for prolonged retention of nanomedicines within tumor areas to act as drug depots. After extravasating into the tumor site, the slightly acidic microenvironment induces the exposure of cysteine on the nanoparticle surface, which subsequently undergoes a bioorthogonal reaction with the 2-cyanobenzothiazole group of another neighboring nanoparticle, enabling the formation of micro-sized drug depots to enhance drug retention and enrichment. This in situ nanoparticle assembly strategy remarkably improves the antimetastatic efficacy of extracellular-targeted drug batimastat, and also leads to the simultaneous enhanced retention and sustained release of multiple agents for combined cocktail chemoimmunotherapy to finally elicit a potent antitumor immune response. Such in situ assembly of nanomedicines represents a generalizable strategy towards extracellular drug delivery and cocktail chemoimmunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Humanos , Nanomedicina , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Adv Mater ; : e2202513, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483031

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is currently recognized as one of the most significant public health issues and affects the general well-being of millions of individuals worldwide. Despite advances in nerve tissue engineering, nerve repair still cannot guarantee complete functional recovery. In the present study, we adopted an innovative approach to establish a multifunctional tetrahedral framework nucleic acids (tFNAs) system, denoted MiDs, which could integrate the powerful programmability, permeability, and structural stability of tFNAs, with the nerve regeneration potential of microRNA-22 to enhance the communication between Schwann cells (SCs) and macrophages for more effective functional rehabilitation of peripheral nerves. Relevant results demonstrated that MiDs could amplify the ability of SCs to recruit macrophages and facilitate their polarization into the pro-healing M2 phenotype to reconstruct the post-injury microenvironment. Furthermore, MiDs could initiate the adaptive intracellular reprogramming of SCs within a short period to further promote axon regeneration and remyelination. MiDs represent a new possibility for enhancing nerve repair and may have critical clinical applications in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(19): e202117728, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233902

RESUMO

Layered oxide cathodes usually exhibit high compositional diversity, thus providing controllable electrochemical performance for Na-ion batteries. These abundant components lead to complicated structural chemistry, closely affecting the stacking preference, phase transition and Na+ kinetics. With this perspective, we explore the thermodynamically stable phase diagram of various P2/O3 composites based on a rational biphasic tailoring strategy. Then a specific P2/O3 composite is investigated and compared with its monophasic counterparts. A highly reversible structural evolution of P2/O3-P2/O3/P3-P2/P3-P2/Z/O3'-Z/O3' based on the Ni2+ /Ni3.5+ , Fe3+ /Fe4+ and Mn3.8+ /Mn4+ redox couples upon sequential Na extraction/insertion is revealed. The reduced structural strain at the phase boundary alleviates the phase transition and decreases the lattice mismatch during cycling, endowing the biphasic electrode a large reversible capacity of 144 mAh g-1 with the energy density approaching 514 Wh kg-1 .

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 432: 128647, 2022 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305412

RESUMO

As a new type of environmental pollutant, environmental antibiotic residues have attracted widespread attention, and the degradation and removal of antibiotics has become an engaging topic for scholars. In this paper, Novozym 51003 industrialized laccase and syringaldehyde were combined to degrade sulfonamides in aquaculture wastewater. Design Expert10 software was used for multiple regression analysis, and a response surface regression model was established to obtain the optimal degradation parameters. In the actual application, the degradation system could maintain a stable performance within 9 h, and timely supplement of the mediator could achieve a better continuous degradation effect. Low concentrations of heavy metals and organic matter would not significantly affect the degradation performance of the laccase-mediator system, making the degradation system suitable for a wide range of water quality. Enzymatic reaction kinetics demonstrated a strong affinity of sulfadiazine to the substrate. Ten degradation products were speculated using high-resolution mass spectrum based on the mass/charge ratios and the publication results. Four types of possible degradation pathways of sulfadiazine were deduced. This work provides a practical method for the degradation and removal of sulfonamide antibiotics in actual sewage.


Assuntos
Lacase , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos/química , Aquicultura , Benzaldeídos , Cinética , Lacase/metabolismo , Sulfadiazina , Sulfanilamida , Sulfonamidas/química
11.
Neurosci Lett ; 776: 136567, 2022 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271997

RESUMO

The inferior colliculus (IC) is a critical hub of the central auditory system (CAS), and a majority of the ascending and descending auditory synapses converge in the IC. With considerable methodological advances in neural tract tracing techniques, one can clearly visualize various sub-compartments of the IC. Herein, we compared the inputs and outputs between the two sub-regions of the non-lemniscal IC, namely, the dorsal and external cortex of the IC. The non-lemniscal IC plays a crucial role in multisensory integration and animal behavior, and the dorsal and external regions are distinct in many aspects, including molecular expression and neural circuits. They may serve integration and regulation functions via parallel pathways. As previous studies have mostly treated these two parts as a whole, we suggest that the two sub-regions of the non-lemniscal IC should be studied separately in future IC functional investigations.


Assuntos
Colículos Inferiores , Animais , Vias Auditivas/fisiologia , Colículos Inferiores/fisiologia , Sinapses/fisiologia
12.
Cereb Cortex ; 2022 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35235643

RESUMO

The cerebral cortex undergoes rapid microstructural changes throughout the third trimester. Recently, there has been growing interest on imaging features that represent cyto/myeloarchitecture underlying intracortical myelination, cortical gray matter (GM), and its adjacent superficial whitematter (sWM). Using 92 magnetic resonance imaging scans from 78 preterm neonates, the current study used combined T1-weighted/T2-weighted (T1w/T2w) intensity ratio and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measurements, including fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD), to characterize the developing cyto/myeloarchitectural architecture. DTI metrics showed a linear trajectory: FA decreased in GM but increased in sWM with time; and MD decreased in both GM and sWM. Conversely, T1w/T2w measurements showed a distinctive parabolic trajectory, revealing additional cyto/myeloarchitectural signature inferred. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal courses were regionally heterogeneous: central, ventral, and temporal regions of GM and sWM exhibited faster T1w/T2w changes; anterior sWM areas exhibited faster FA increases; and central and cingulate areas in GM and sWM exhibited faster MD decreases. These results may explain cyto/myeloarchitectural processes, including dendritic arborization, synaptogenesis, glial proliferation, and radial glial cell organization and apoptosis. Finally, T1w/T2w values were significantly associated with 1-year language and cognitive outcome scores, while MD significantly decreased with intraventricular hemorrhage.

13.
iScience ; 25(2): 103783, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35169686

RESUMO

Individuals constantly encounter feedback from others and process this feedback in various ways to maintain positive situational state self-esteem in relation to semantic-based or trait self-esteem. Individuals may utilize episodic or semantic-driven processes that modulate feedback in two different ways to maintain general self-esteem levels. To date, it is unclear how these processes work while individuals receive social feedback to modulate state self-esteem. Utilizing neural regions associated with semantic self-oriented and basic encoding processes (medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), respectively), in addition to time-frequency and Granger causality analyses to assess mPFC and PCC interactions, this study examined how the encoding of social feedback modulated individuals' (N = 45) post-task state self-esteem in relation to their trait self-esteem. Findings highlight the dynamic interplay between mPFC and PCC that modulate state self-esteem in relation to trait self-esteem, to maintain high self-esteem in general in the moment and over time.

14.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 15, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of genetic variants and clinical characteristics on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to construct and verify a prediction model of GDM in early pregnancy. METHODS: Four hundred seventy five women with GDM and 487 women without, as a control, were included to construct the prediction model of GDM in early pregnancy. Both groups had complete genotyping results and clinical data. They were randomly divided into a trial cohort (70%) and a test cohort (30%). Then, the model validation cohort, including 985 pregnant women, was used for the external validation of the GDM early pregnancy prediction model. RESULTS: We found maternal age, gravidity, parity, BMI and family history of diabetes were significantly associated with GDM (OR > 1; P < 0.001), and assisted reproduction was a critical risk factor for GDM (OR = 1.553, P = 0.055). MTNR1B rs10830963, C2CD4A/B rs1436953 and rs7172432, CMIP rs16955379 were significantly correlated with the incidence of GDM (AOR > 1, P < 0.05). Therefore, these four genetic susceptible single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and six clinical characteristics were included in the construction of the GDM early pregnancy prediction model. In the trial cohort, a predictive model of GDM in early pregnancy was constructed, in which genetic risk score was independently associated with GDM (AOR = 2.061, P < 0.001) and was the most effective predictor with the exception of family history of diabetes. The ROC-AUC of the prediction model was 0.727 (95% CI 0.690-0.765), and the sensitivity and specificity were 69.9% and 64.0%, respectively. The predictive power was also verified in the test cohort and the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the genetic variants and clinical characteristics, this study developed and verified the early pregnancy prediction model of GDM. This model can help screen out the population at high-risk for GDM in early pregnancy, and lifestyle interventions can be performed for them in a timely manner in early pregnancy.

15.
Food Funct ; 13(4): 1881-1889, 2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35084423

RESUMO

Various food-derived bioactive peptides have been found with potential anti-inflammatory effects. Millet bran peptide is a food-derived bioactive peptide extracted from millet bran, a by-product of millet processing. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effect of millet bran peptides was investigated. A lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell and an animal experiment model were established to test the anti-inflammatory activity of millet bran peptides in vitro. As indicated by the results, millet bran peptides could significantly reduce the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), in the LPS-induced RAW264.7 cell. As demonstrated by the animal experiment results, millet bran peptides could mitigate the inflammation of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). According to the western blotting results, millet bran peptides reduced the phosphorylation level of an extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), I Kappa B (IKB), p65, and p38 of LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. As indicated by 16S rDNA sequencing analysis results, millet bran peptides could modify the composition of intestinal microbes. In brief, millet bran peptides could have anti-inflammatory activities in vivo and in vitro and mitigate the inflammation of LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells by regulating the signaling pathways of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). The above research has laid a theoretical basis for the application of plant-derived peptides in health food.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fibras na Dieta/farmacologia , Milhetes/química , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(2): 1089-1096, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075883

RESUMO

Environmental antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are a type of emerging pollutant that has been widely concerning. However, investigations into the contamination of ARGs in mining areas have been scarce. Here, the types, abundances, and influencing factors of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were investigated in soil/sediment of the Dexing copper mine area in June 2019 by using high-throughput quantitative polymerase chain reaction (HT-qPCR). Furthermore, the influence of heavy metals and MGEs factors on ARGs was studied using the multivariate statistical analysis method. The results showed that there were a variety of ARGs in the Dexing copper mining area, and the maximum detected number of ARGs was 70. At the relative abundance level, the relative abundance of individual sites reached 0.085. In the Dexing copper mine, multidrug, MLSB, ß-lactamases, tetracycline, and aminoglycoside resistance genes were the dominant ARG classes based on their numbers. The efflux pump was the most dominant resistance mechanism, followed by antibiotic deactivation and cellular protection. There was a significant positive correlation between the abundance of ARGs and MGEs (P<0.05), and TnpA04 and Inti1 were the most important MEGs in Dexing copper mine samples, indicating that horizontal gene transfer might be an important mechanism for the spread of environmental ARGs. The results of Pearson correlation analysis and RDA analysis showed that the content of Cu was significantly positively correlated with the detected numbers and abundance of ARGs (P<0.05), suggesting that the high content of Cu in the Dexing copper mining area might be an important driving factor for the formation of ARGs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Cobre , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cobre/toxicidade , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Solo
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127647, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775318

RESUMO

Herein, one-dimensional Co2Mn2O4 (CMO) hollow nanofibers with a general spinel structure were constructed by electrospinning and tunning thermal-driven procedures. The resultant catalyst was endowed with appreciable active interfacial engineering effect, which revealed improved peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation efficiency in catalytic phenol degradation with nearly 12.9 folds increment in reaction rate constant compared to the hydrothermally synthesized counterpart. Besides, tailored oxygen-vacancy sites including chemical environment and contents in the bimetallic spinel were rationally validated compared to the monometal spinel counterparts. The improved catalytic phenol degradation by reactive-oxidative-species (ROS) from PMS was well correlated with the more active Co(II) and Mn(II) species, reactive active oxygen-vacancy and the interfacial engineering effect in the CMO catalyst. These correlations were comprehensively demonstrated by various characterization techniques, catalytic results, and Density-Functional-Theoretical (DFT) calculations of the adsorption and activation of PMS. Besides, the results revealed that the specific content of cobalt species in the structural unit of the Co2Mn2O4 spinel resulting from the optimized thermal treatment could further improve the catalytic activity by the intermetallic synergy along with the beneficial electron transfer cycles. This work provides a practical understanding of the improvement of interfacial systems in catalysis efficiency and environmental remediation.

18.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(21): 1615, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are multipotent progenitor cells representing an attractive therapeutic tool for tissue damage and inflammation owing to their unique immunomodulatory properties. This study was designed to determine the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of UC-MSCs on acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: ALF was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mice were intravenously injected with 1×106 UC-MSCs one hour before or six hours after D-GalN/LPS injection. Liver function was valued by serum biochemical parameters and hematoxylin-eosin staining. Inflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels were measured by real-time PCR, and inflammatory cells infiltration was observed by immunofluorescence staining. Hepatocyte apoptosis and pyroptosis related proteins were detected by western blot. Murine macrophage Raw264.7 in the presentation of LPS was treated with the UC-MSCs condition medium (UC-MSCs-CM), and then the levels of inflammatory cytokines and NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in Raw264.7 were measured. RESULTS: UC-MSCs significantly reduced the mortality, decreased serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels, and improved the pathological damage. Moreover, UC-MSCs inhibited inflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels, especially TNF-α, interleukins-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1), CC-chemokines ligand 2 (CCL2), C-X-C motif ligand 2 (CXCL2), and reduced macrophage, neutrophil and T lymphocyte infiltration into the liver tissue. UC-MSCs also attenuated hepatocyte apoptosis, as evidenced by decreased TUNEL positive cells, increased Bcl-xl/Bax protein ratio and downregulated cleaved caspase 3 levels. NLRP3 inflammasome activation, IL-1ß maturation and cleaved caspase1 were suppressed by UC-MSC administration. Furthermore, the UC-MSCs-CM reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines and the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in Raw264.7. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that UC-MSCs exerted therapeutic effects on ALF by inhibiting apoptosis, inflammation, and pyroptosis.

19.
Cereb Cortex ; 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969086

RESUMO

Premature birth is associated with a high prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairments in surviving infants. The hippocampus is known to be critical for learning and memory, yet the putative effects of hippocampal dysfunction remain poorly understood in preterm neonates. In particular, while asymmetry of the hippocampus has been well noted both structurally and functionally, how preterm birth impairs hippocampal development and to what extent the hippocampus is asymmetrically impaired by preterm birth have not been well delineated. In this study, we compared volumetric growth and shape development in the hippocampal hemispheres and structural covariance (SC) between hippocampal vertices and cortical thickness in cerebral cortex regions between two groups. We found that premature infants had smaller volumes of the right hippocampi only. Lower thickness was observed in the hippocampal head in both hemispheres for preterm neonates compared with full-term peers, though preterm neonates exhibited an accelerated age-related change of hippocampal thickness in the left hippocampi. The SC between the left hippocampi and the limbic lobe of the premature infants was severely impaired compared with the term-born neonates. These findings suggested that the development of the hippocampus during the third trimester may be altered following early extrauterine exposure with a high degree of asymmetry.

20.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2021: 2215274, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845409

RESUMO

In our previous in vitro study, we found that chlorogenic acid (CGA) inhibited adipocyte differentiation and triglyceride (TG) accumulation, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Accumulative genetic evidence supports that canonical Wnt signaling is a key modulator on adipogenesis. Methods. In this study, 3T3-L1 cells were induced adipogenic differentiation and then treated with CGA. We investigate the effect of CGA in inhibiting adipogenesis and evaluate its role in modulating Wnt10b (wingless integration1 10b), ß-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) involved in the Wnt (wingless integration1)/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Results. The result showed that after CGA treatment, lipid accumulation and TG level decreased significantly in 3T3-L1 cells, indicating that CGA could inhibit adipogenesis. In addition, CGA repressed the induction of adipocyte differentiation biomarkers as PPAR-γ, adipocyte protein 2 (aP2), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and the secretion of GSK-3ß in a dose-dependent manner upregulated the expression of ß-catenin and Wnt10b both in gene and protein levels. Moreover, CGA induced phosphorylation of GSK-3ß and promoted the accumulation of free cytosolic ß-catenin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conclusion. Overall, these findings gave us the implications that CGA inhibits adipogenesis via the canonical Wnt signaling pathway.

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