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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In randomized studies, the strategy of pulmonary vein (PV) antral isolation (PVI) plus linear ablation has failed to increase success rates for persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) ablation when compared with PVI alone. Peri-mitral reentry related atrial tachycardia due to incomplete linear block is an important cause of clinical failures of a first ablation procedure. Ethanol infusion (EI) into the vein of Marshall (EI-VOM) has been demonstrated to facilitate a durable mitral isthmus linear lesion. OBJECTIVE: This trial is designed to compare arrhythmia-free survival between PVI and an ablation strategy termed upgraded '2C3L' for ablation of PeAF. STUDY DESIGN: The PROMPT-AF study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized trial involving blinded assessment of outcomes. Patients (n = 276) undergoing their first catheter ablation of PeAF will be randomized to either the upgraded '2C3L' arm or PVI arm in a 1:1 fashion. The upgraded '2C3L' technique is a fixed ablation approach consisting of EI-VOM, bilateral circumferential PVI and three linear ablation lesion sets across the mitral isthmus, left atrial roof, and cavo-tricuspid isthmus. The follow-up duration is 12 months. The primary endpoint is the rate of documented atrial tachycardia arrhythmias of >30 seconds, without any antiarrhythmic drugs, in 12 months after the index ablation procedure (excluding a blanking period of 3 months). CONCLUSIONS: The PROMPT-AF study will evaluate the efficacy of the fixed '2C3L' approach in conjunction with EI-VOM, compared with PVI alone, in patients with PeAF undergoing de novo ablation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169791

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is the most common tumor of the urinary tract. Increasing evidence showed that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a critical regulator in cancer development and progression. However, the functions of lncRNAs in the development of BC remain mostly undefined. In this study, based on RNA sequence profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, we identified 723 lncRNAs, 157 miRNAs, and 1816 mRNAs aberrantly expressed in BC tissues. A competing endogenous RNA network, including 49 lncRNAs, 17 miRNAs, and 36 mRNAs, was then established. The functional enrichment analyses showed that the mRNAs in the ceRNA network mainly participated in "regulation of transcription" and "pathways in cancer". Moreover, the Cox regression analyses demonstrated that three lncRNAs (AC112721.1, TMPRSS11GP, and ADAMTS9-AS1) could serve as independent risk factors. We established a risk prediction model with these lncRNAs. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that high-risk patients' prognosis was lower than that of low-risk patients (p = 0.001). This study provides novel insights into the lncRNA-mediated ceRNA network and the potential of lncRNAs to be candidate prognostic biomarkers in BC, which could help better understand the pathological changes and pathogenesis of BC and be useful for clinical studies in the future.

3.
Exp Gerontol ; 143: 111152, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence has suggested that physical activities can reduce the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Here, we evaluated the effect of aerobic exercise in a model of BPH using obese mice. METHODS: Obese C57BL/6J mice in the control group, obesity group (OB), and obesity group plus exercise (OB + E) with eight weeks training were inspected for morphological alterations via hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, lipid and sex hormone metabolites via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), relative protein expression via Western blotting, and prostate cancer-up-regulated long noncoding RNA (PlncRNA) and androgen receptor (AR) mRNA levels via quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: Aerobic exercise training slowed fat-mass gain in OB mice. Prostate volume (PV) and area of lumen was significantly decreased in OB mice and was slightly increased following aerobic exercise. Epithelial volume density in the OB group was higher than that in the control group. Furthermore, aerobic exercise lowered serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride, and free fatty acid (FFA) levels, whereas it raised high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in OB + E mice. Additionally, the hormonal ratio of estradiol/testosterone (E2/T) approached that of the control group following aerobic exercise in OB + E mice. Mechanistically, aerobic exercise downregulated the PlncRNA-AR/androgen signaling pathway via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) axis in the prostates of OB + E mice. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that aerobic exercise may alleviate BPH in obese mice through regulation of the AR/androgen/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034794

RESUMO

AIMS: Transseptal passage is sometimes difficult to obtain. This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of a novel and easy transseptal puncture (TSP) technique named 2D2G (using two dilators and two guidewires) in patients with difficult TSP. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-four paroxysmal atrial fibrillation patients with difficult TSP were enrolled in this study. They were allocated to the 2D2G group or the conventional group in a 1:1 fashion. The primary endpoint in both groups was successful TSP without changing the puncture site or using auxiliary tools. The secondary endpoints were the safety, total transseptal puncture time, and ablation time. There were no differences in baseline demographic or clinical characteristics between the two groups. Successful LA access in the 2D2G group was 100% (vs. 64%, P < 0.05). The total TSP time (10 ± 3 min vs. 5 ± 1 min, P < 0.05) and ablation time (42 ± 19 min vs. 58 ± 22 min, P < 0.05) in the conventional group were significantly longer than those in the 2D2G group. No major complications occurred in either group, and all the patients underwent successful circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI). CONCLUSION: In AF patients with difficult TSP, the 2D2G technique is safe, feasible, and time-saving.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in abdominal solid organ transplant recipients and a cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. However, the outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) in transplant recipients with AF remain unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the outcomes of CA in renal and hepatic transplant recipients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2015 and 2019, 14 transplant recipients (nine with kidney transplantation and five with liver transplantation) were enrolled from among 10,741 AF patients and underwent CA at Anzhen Hospital. Another 56 patients matched by age, sex, and AF type were selected as the control group (four controls for each transplant recipient). During a mean follow-up of 30.0 ± 13.3 months after the initial procedure, 10 (71.4%) of the transplant patients, compared to 41 (73.2%) of the control patients, remained free from AF recurrence (p = 1.000). A repeated procedure was performed in one transplant patient and in six control subjects. Consequently, 11 (78.6%) of the transplant patients, compared to 46 (82.1%) of controls, were in sinus rhythm after the repeated ablation (p = .715). Notably, Kaplan-Meier analysis did not demonstrate any significant differences in the atrial arrhythmia-free rate after the initial and repeated procedure between the two groups. Vascular complications were identified in one transplant patient and two control subjects, while no life-threatening complications were observed in either group. There was no transient allograft dysfunction in transplant recipients after CA. CONCLUSION: CA is safe and effective in abdominal solid transplant recipients, and maybe an optimal therapeutic strategy for this group.

6.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(10): e1008899, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091073

RESUMO

Neonatal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infections contribute to various neurodevelopmental disabilities and the subsequent long-term neurological sequelae into the adulthood. However, further understanding of fetal brain development and the potential neuropathological effects of the HSV-1 infection are hampered by the limitations of existing neurodevelopmental models due to the dramatic differences between humans and other mammalians. Here we generated in vitro neurodevelopmental disorder models including human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-based monolayer neuronal differentiation, three-dimensional (3D) neuroepithelial bud, and 3D cerebral organoid to study fetal brain development and the potential neuropathological effects induced by the HSV-1 infections. Our results revealed that the HSV-1-infected neural stem cells (NSCs) exhibited impaired neural differentiation. HSV-1 infection led to dysregulated neurogenesis in the fetal neurodevelopment. The HSV-1-infected brain organoids modelled the pathological features of the neurodevelopmental disorders in the human fetal brain, including the impaired neuronal differentiation, and the dysregulated cortical layer and brain regionalization. Furthermore, the 3D cerebral organoid model showed that HSV-1 infection promoted the abnormal microglial activation, accompanied by the induction of inflammatory factors, such as TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-4. Overall, our in vitro neurodevelopmental disorder models reconstituted the neuropathological features associated with HSV-1 infection in human fetal brain development, providing the causal relationships that link HSV biology with the neurodevelopmental disorder pathogen hypothesis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903000

RESUMO

Solid polymer electrolytes for safe lithium batteries are in general flexible and easy to process, yet they have limited ionic conductivity and low mechanical strength. Introducing nano/microsized fillers into polymer electrolytes has been proven effective to address these issues, while formation of a percolated network of fillers for efficient Li+ conduction remains challenging. In this work, composite polymer electrolyte with 3D cellulose/ceramic networks is successfully developed using natural cellulose fibers and Li+-conducting ceramic nanoparticles. Monodisperse ceramic nanofillers first form interconnected networks driven by the self-assembly of hybrid cellulose fibers. The hierarchical cellulose skeleton provides spatial guidance for ceramic fillers and firmly supports the whole structure. After polymer electrolyte infusion, the resultant hybrid electrolyte affords both 3D continuous Li+ pathways for high Li+ conductivity and sufficient mechanical strength for dendrite suppression. This cellulose-confined particle percolation approach enables efficient and strong solid electrolytes for lithium batteries.

8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(20): 11646-11655, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916775

RESUMO

The skin is the main barrier between the human body and the outside world, which not only plays the role of a physical barrier but also functions as the first line of defence of immunology. Langerhans cells (LCs), as dendritic cells (DC) that play an important role in the immune system, are mainly distributed in the epidermis. This review focuses on the role of these epidermal LCs in regulating skin threats (such as microorganisms, ultraviolet radiation and allergens), especially psoriasis. Since human and mouse skin DC subsets share common ontogenetic characteristics, we can further explore the role of LCs in psoriatic inflammation.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(37): 23125-23130, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868415

RESUMO

Many plants use environmental cues, including seasonal changes of day length (photoperiod), to control their flowering time. Under inductive conditions, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein is synthesized in leaves, and FT protein is a mobile signal, which is able to travel to the shoot apex to induce flowering. Dodders (Cuscuta, Convolvulaceae) are root- and leafless plants that parasitize a large number of autotrophic plant species with varying flowering time. Remarkably, some dodder species, e.g., Cuscuta australis, are able to synchronize their flowering with the flowering of their hosts. Detailed sequence inspection and expression analysis indicated that the FT gene in dodder C. australis very likely does not function in activating flowering. Using soybean host plants cultivated under inductive and noninductive photoperiod conditions and soybean and tobacco host plants, in which FT was overexpressed and knocked out, respectively, we show that FT-induced flowering of the host is likely required for both host and parasite flowering. Biochemical analysis revealed that host-synthesized FT signals are able to move into dodder stems, where they physically interact with a dodder FD transcription factor to activate dodder flowering. This study demonstrates that FTs can function as an important interplant flowering signal in host-dodder interactions. The unique means of flowering regulation of dodder illustrates how regressive evolution, commonly found in parasites, may facilitate the physiological synchronization of parasite and host, here allowing the C. australis parasite to time reproduction exactly with that of their hosts, likely optimizing parasite fitness.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/fisiologia , Cuscuta/parasitologia , Flores/fisiologia , Flores/parasitologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/fisiologia , Parasitos/fisiologia , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/parasitologia , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Soja/parasitologia , Soja/fisiologia , Tabaco/parasitologia , Tabaco/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
11.
ACS Nano ; 14(10): 12828-12839, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931264

RESUMO

The application and consumption of nanoparticles (NPs) inevitably result in the contamination of environmental water. The internalized NPs in unicellular organisms could travel to human bodies along food chains and raise health concerns. Current research failed to determine the characteristics of cellular uptake of NPs by unicellular organisms at extremely low concentration in the real environment. We here developed a label-free high-throughput mass cytometry method to investigate gold NP (AuNP) uptake in a unicellular organism (Tetrahymena thermophila) at the single-cell level. The limit of detection for Au is as low as to 6.67 × 10-18 g/cell, which equals ∼5.3 5 nm AuNPs. We demonstrated that active engulfment pathways were responsible for the cellular accumulation of AuNPs and T. thermophila could also eliminate the cellular AuNPs rapidly. The interaction between AuNPs and T. thermophila is highly dependent on the sizes of nanoparticles; i.e., the population of T. thermophila containing AuNPs decreased with the increment of the diameters of AuNPs when exposed to the same mass concentration. For each type of AuNP, distinct heterogeneous cellular uptake of AuNPs by T. thermophila was observed. Intriguingly, for 5 nm AuNP, even at 0.001 ng/mL, some T. thermophila cells could concentrate AuNPs, indicating a real environmental concern even when water was contaminated by only trace level of NPs. This method represents a promising tool for simultaneous determination of physiological status of cells together with the intracellular level of heavy metal or metallic NPs in study of biological effects.

12.
Anal Chem ; 92(22): 14872-14877, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972134

RESUMO

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are increasingly being used as diagnostic and therapeutic agents owing to their excellent properties; however, there is not much data available on their dynamics in vivo on a single particle basis in a single mouse. Here, we developed a method for the direct analysis of nanoparticles in trace blood samples based on single particle inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (spICP-MS). A flexible, highly configurable, and precisely controlled sample introduction system was designed by assembling an ultralow-volume autosampler (flow rate in the range of 5-5000 µL/min) and a customized cyclonic spray chamber (transfer efficiency up to 99%). Upon systematic optimization, the detection limit of the nanoparticle size (LODsize) of AuNPs in ultrapure water was 19 nm, and the detection limit of the nanoparticle number concentration (LODNP) was 8 × 104 particle/L. Using a retro-orbital blood sampling method and subsequent dilution, the system was successfully applied to track the dynamic changes in size and concentration for AuNPs in the blood of a single mouse, and the recovery for the blood sample was 111.74%. Furthermore, the concentration of AuNPs in mouse blood reached a peak in a short period of time and, then, gradually decreased. This study provides a promising technique for analyzing and monitoring the size and concentration of nanoparticles in ultralow-volume blood samples with low concentrations, making it a powerful tool for analyzing and understanding the fate of nanoparticles in vivo.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964904

RESUMO

Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death of injured military and civilian patients, and subsequent infection risks endanger their lives or impede the healing of their wounds. Here, we report an injectable biodegradable hydrogel with hemostatic, antimicrobial, and healing-promoting properties. The hydrogel was prepared by dynamic cross-linking of a natural polysaccharide (dextran) with antimicrobial peptide ε-poly-l-lysine (EPL) and encapsulating base fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The amino groups of EPL were allowed to react with the aldehyde of oxidized dextran (OD) through the Schiff-base reaction for the generation of hydrogels that have fast self-healing and injectable characteristics and adapt to the shapes of wounds. The prepared OD/EPL hydrogels promoted blood clotting in vitro and stopped bleeding in a rat liver injury model within 6 min through their platelet-aggregating ability and sealing effect. These hydrogels exhibited inherent antimicrobial effects without the use of antibiotics and effectively killed a broad spectrum of pathogenic microbes, including Gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Gram-negative Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungus Candida albicans in vitro. Moreover, these OD/EPL hydrogels were compatible with mammalian cells in vitro and in vivo and biodegradable in the mouse body. The loaded bFGF can be released sustainably, and it can promote angiogenesis, endothelial cell migration, and consequently accelerate the healing of wounds. The OD/EPL hydrogel inhibited MRSA infection in a rat full-thickness skin wound model and promoted healing. This kind of multifunctional hydrogel is a promising wound dressing for the emergency treatment of acute deep or penetrating injuries.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of perimitral atrial tachycardia (PMAT) is challenging. Epicardial conduction of the Marshall bundle (MB) across the mitral isthmus (MI) remains an important cause of recurrent tachycardia. The role of ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall (EI-VOM) for PMAT has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: The study enrolled 28 consecutive patients with recurrent PMAT after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Conventional PMAT (group 1, n = 15) and MB-related PMAT (group 2, n = 13) were diagnosed by detailed activation mapping and entrainment mapping. VOM venography and EI-VOM were first performed, and additional ablation was performed if necessary. RESULTS: The VOM was accessible in 24 (85.7%) patients (12 [80%] in group 1 and 12 [92.3%] in group 2). Patients with MB-related PMAT were more responsive to EI-VOM (as shown by PMAT termination or tachycardia cycle length prolongation) (92.4% vs 53.3%, P = .038). In the 16 patients requiring additional ablation after EI-VOM, all residual MI conduction gaps were located on the annular side of the MI. At the end of the procedure, MI bidirectional block was achieved in 14 (93.3%) patients in group 1 and in 12 (92.3%) patients in group 2 (P = 1.000). After a mean follow-up of 7.5 ± 3.1 months, three (10.7%) patients had recurrent AT. CONCLUSIONS: EI-VOM is feasible and effective in the treatment of PMAT after AF ablation, especially in patients with MB-related PMAT.

16.
Gene Ther ; 27(9): 470, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741969

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

17.
Vet Microbiol ; 247: 108739, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768240

RESUMO

Eha is a virulence regulator in Edwardsiella tarda (E. tarda). The present study examined how Eha regulated its target genes to affect the bacterial survival within the cells. We constructed the reporter a pGEX-4T-ehaflag plasmid expressing Eha tagged at its C terminus with the flag epitope, and introduced the plasmid into an eha mutant ET13 strain, and obtained a Cehaflag strain. The expression and activity of an EhaFlag fusion protein restored the survival of the Cehaflag as the wild type in macrophages by Western blotting and intracellular survival experiments. We used a monoclonal anti-Flag antibody to precipitate EhaFlag-DNA complexes using chromatic immunoprecipitation (ChIP). We then designed primers based on the differentially-expressed genes identified from RNA-sequencing, and identified ten Eha-interacting genes by qPCR. We amplified the promoter regions of the ten genes and the eha gene from ET13 strain by PCR, constructed pBD-PtargetlacZ and pBD-PehalacZ plasmids. The eha gene directly and positively regulated these target genes, and be negatively auto-regulated by Eha in E. tarda, as determined by comparing their ß-Galactosidase activities. These target genes were distributed in the categories involved in the bacterial growth, movement and resistance to H2O2 or acid. We further constructed a ETATCC_RS15225 mutant (△dcuA1), a ETATCC_ RS14855 mutant (△flgK) anda ETATCC_RS07650 mutant (ΔtnaA), and a partial complementary strains of △eha-tnaA and △eha-flgK and the complementary strains of CΔflgK and CΔtnaA. The ETATCC_RS15225 gene probably encoded a transporter protein DcuA1 at outer membrane with SDS-PAGE and RT-PCR. The ETATCC _RS14855 gene probably encoded FlgK protein and affected the bacterial motility. The ETATCC_RS07650 gene encoded Tryptophanase, which affected the bacterial survival within macrophages. With the assistance of these above strains, our results showed that the eha gene was able to regulate the ETATCC_RS15225 gene to express its outer membrane protein DcuA1, the ETATCC _RS14855 gene to control the flagellar motility and the ETATCC_RS07650 to affect the bacterial survival within macrophages. With the combination of other functions of above three genes, our results suggested that Eha directly regulates the target genes to affect E. tarda to survive within the cells.

18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4076, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796851

RESUMO

Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) are an important regulator for immunity, inflammation and tissue homeostasis in the intestine, but how ILC3 activation is regulated remains elusive. Here we identify a new circular RNA (circRNA) circKcnt2 that is induced in ILC3s during intestinal inflammation. Deletion of circKcnt2 causes gut ILC3 activation and severe colitis in mice. Mechanistically, circKcnt2, as a nuclear circRNA, recruits the nucleosome remodeling deacetylase (NuRD) complex onto Batf promoter to inhibit Batf expression; this in turn suppresses Il17 expression and thereby ILC3 inactivation to promote innate colitis resolution. Furthermore, Mbd3-/-Rag1-/- and circKcnt2-/-Rag1-/- mice develop severe innate colitis following dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) treatments, while simultaneous deletion of Batf promotes colitis resolution. In summary, our data support a function of the circRNA circKcnt2 in regulating ILC3 inactivation and resolution of innate colitis.


Assuntos
Colite/imunologia , Colite/metabolismo , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Sódio/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Homeostase , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Intestinos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Knockout , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Sódio/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA não Traduzido/genética , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
19.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 92, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the CT changes of different clinical types of COVID-19 pneumonia. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients with COVID-19 from 16 January 2020 to 25 February 2020. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, CT characteristics and the pneumonia involvement of the patients between the moderate group and the severe and critical group, and the dynamic changes of severity with the CT follow-up time. RESULTS: There were differences in the CT severity score of the right lung in the initial CT, and total CT severity score in the initial and follow-up CT between the moderate group and the severe and critical group (all p < 0.05). There was a quadratic relationship between total CT severity score and CT follow-up time in the severe and critical group (r2 = 0.137, p = 0.008), the total CT severity score peaked at the second follow-up CT. There was no correlation between total CT severity score and CT follow-up time in the moderate group (p > 0.05). There were no differences in the occurrence rate of CT characteristics in the initial CT between the two groups (all p > 0.05). There were differences in the occurrence rate of ground-glass opacity and crazy-paving pattern in the second follow-up CT, and pleural thickening or adhesion in the third follow-up CT between the two groups (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The CT changes of COVID-19 pneumonia with different severity were different, and the extent of pneumonia involvement by CT can help to assess the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia rather than the initial CT characteristics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/virologia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(35): 6829-6839, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761021

RESUMO

The development of protein-based therapeutics faces many challenges, for example, carrier-dependence, safety concerns, endocytosis-dependence, and uncertain in vivo therapeutic outcomes. Small molecules are rarely used for intracellular organelle-targeting and disease tissue-specific carrier-independent delivery of therapeutic proteins. Here, we report that rhodamine B, after modification with proteins, is able to guide carrier-free delivery into mitochondria and tissue-dependent distributions of functional proteins through organic cation transporters (OCTs). The enrichment of the modified catalase in the cancer tissue efficiently suppresses xenograft human lung tumor in mice. This carrier-free delivery platform of proteins may emerge as a simple yet powerful approach for cancer treatment.

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