Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 155
Filtrar
1.
Phytomedicine ; : 153498, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), especially nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), has significantly increased in recent years and has become an important public health issue. However, no U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved first-line drug is currently available for the treatment of NAFLD and NASH; therefore, research on new drugs is currently a hot topic. Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Kurz is extensively distributed in South China and South Asia and has many biological activities. However, its effects on NAFLD or even NASH and the corresponding mechanisms are still not clear. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of O. indicum seed extract (OISE) on preventing anti-inflammatory action in the progression from simple nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to NASH. METHODS: A network pharmacology method to construct ingredient-target networks and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of OISE in NASH were constructed for topological analyses and hub-target screening. Enrichment analyses were performed to identify the critical biological processes and signaling pathways. Simultaneously, in vitro and in vivo experiments investigated the effect and mechanism of OISE, baicalein, and chrysin on inflammation by biochemical indicator detection, luciferase reporters, pathological staining, and immunoblotting in oleic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells or in high-fat diet-fed rats. RESULTS: The network pharmacology showed that OISE prevented the development and progression of NAFL into NASH through various pathways and targets and that the nuclear factor NF-κB (NF-κB) pathway regulated by baicalein and chrysin played an important role in the treatment of NASH. In in vitro experiments, we further showed that OISE and its ingredients, namely, baicalein and chrysin, all improved the inflammatory status in oleic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells, inhibited the nuclear transcriptional activities of NF-κB, increased the IκB level, and decreased the phosphorylation level of NF-κB. Furthermore, in a high-fat diet-induced NASH model in rats, we also showed that OISE prevented the development and progression of NASH by inhibiting the nuclear transcriptional activity of NF-κB. CONCLUSION: OISE suppressed inflammatory responses and prevented the development and progression of NAFL into NASH through inhibition of the nuclear transcriptional activity of NF-κB. OISE may be used to treat NAFLD through many functions, including an increase in insulin sensitivity, a decrease in lipid accumulation in the liver, suppression of inflammation, and clearance of free radicals.

2.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606668

RESUMO

To analyze the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice about COVID-19 among Chinese residents, noninterventional and anonymous survey was carried out with an online questionnaire. Among the survey respondents (n = 619), 59.9% were female, 61.1% were from 18 to 30 years of age, and 42.3% held an undergraduate's degree. The mean scores for each scale were as follows: perceived knowledge (36.3 ± 6.1), attitude (29.4 ± 4.7), practice (44.1 ± 4.8), total score (109.7 ± 13.2), barrier (0.2 ± 0.7), and cognition and behavior change score (8.5 ± 1.4). Perceived knowledge, attitude, practice, total score, and cognition and behavior changes were significantly and positively correlated, whereas barrier was negatively correlated with those scales (P < 0.001). Linear regressions revealed that those respondents who were medical professionals, civil servants, employees of state-owned enterprises and public institutions, and had relatively higher level of education were associated with a higher perceived knowledge score, attitude score, practice score, and total score. Higher mean cognition and behavior change scores was associated with company employees (8.8 ± 1.3). More than half of the respondents (51.4%) were optimistic about the government's interventional measures. The respondents in China had good knowledge, positive attitude, and active practice toward COVID-19, yet, it is advisable to strengthen nationwide publicity and focus on the target undereducated population by means of We-Chat, microblog, website, and community workers for better control effect.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541787

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this research was to observe changes in aerodynamics and anatomic characteristics of the upper airway after mini-implants assisted rapid maxillary expansion and to evaluate the correlation between the 2 changes of the upper airway in young adults. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (mean age, 23.82 ± 3.90 years; median, 24.5 years; 9 males, 21 females) were involved. Cone-beam computed tomography was taken before activation and over 3 months. Three-dimensional models of the upper airway were reconstructed on the basis of cone-beam computed tomography. The anatomic characteristics of the upper airway, including volume, area, transverse, and sagittal diameter, were measured. The aerodynamic characteristics of the upper airway were calculated on the basis of 3-dimensional models using computational fluid dynamics. The correlation between the changes in aerodynamics and anatomic characteristics of the upper airway was explored. RESULTS: The enlargements of the volume of the total pharynx, nasopharynx, and oropharynx were found (9.99%, 20.7%, and 8.84%, respectively). The minimum cross-sectional area increased significantly (13.6%). The airway resistance (R) and maximum velocity (Vmax) decreased significantly in both the inspiration and expiration phase (inspiration: R, -26.8%, Vmax, -15.7%; expiration: R, -24.7%, Vmax, -16.5%). The minimum wall shear stress reduced significantly only in the inspiration phase (-26.3%). The correlations between decreased R and increased volume and minimum cross-sectional area were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Mini-implants assisted rapid maxillary expansion is an effective device for improving anatomic characteristics represented by the total volume of the upper airway and minimum cross-sectional area, which contributed to the respiratory function depending on the favorable changes of aerodynamic characteristics including resistance, velocity, and minimum wall shear stress.

4.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 44, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common interstitial lung diseases with a poor prognosis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in IPF in several studies. However, the role of lncRNA SNHG16 in IPF is largely unknown. METHODS: Firstly, experimental pulmonary fibrosis model was established by using bleomycin (BML). Histology and Western blotting assays were used to determine the different stages of fibrosis and expression of several fibrosis biomarkers. The expression of SNHG16 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). EdU staining and wound-healing assay were utilized to analyze proliferation and migration of lung fibroblast cells. Molecular mechanism of SNHG16 was explored by bioinformatics, dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP), and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: The expression of SNHG16 was significantly up-regulated in bleomycin-(BLM) induced lung fibrosis and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)-induced fibroblast. Knockdown of SNHG16 could attenuate fibrogenesis. Mechanistically, SNHG16 was able to bind and regulate the expression of miR-455-3p. Moreover, SNHG16 also regulated the expression of Notch2 by targeting miR-455-3p. Finally, SNHG16 could promote fibrogenesis by regulating the expression of Notch2. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our study demonstrated that SNHG16 promoted pulmonary fibrosis by targeting miR-455-3p to regulate the Notch2 pathway. These findings might provide a novel insight into pathologic process of lung fibrosis and may provide prevention strategies in the future.

5.
Angle Orthod ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe skeletal width changes after mini-implant-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (MARME) and determine the possible factors that may affect the postexpansion changes using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in young adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one patients (mean age 22.14 ± 4.76 years) who were treated with MARME over 1 year were enrolled. Four mini-implants were inserted in the midpalatal region, and the number of activations ranged from 40 to 60 turns (0.13 per turn). CBCT was performed before MARME (T0), after activation (T1), and after 1 year of retention (T2). The mean period between T1 and T0 was 6 ± 1.9 months and between T2 and T1 was 13 ± 2.18 months. A paired t-test was performed to compare T0, T1, and T2. The correlations between the postexpansion changes and possible contributing factors were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: The widths increased significantly after T1. After T2, the palatal suture width decreased from 2.50 mm to 0.75 mm. From T1 to T2, decreases recorded among skeletal variables varied from 0.13 mm to 0.41 mm. This decrease accounted for 5.75% of the total expansion (2.26 mm) in nasal width (N-N) and 19.75% at the lateral pterygoid plate. A significant correlation was found between postexpansion change and palatal cortical bone thickness and inclination of the palatal plane (ANS-PNS/SN; P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Expanded skeletal width was generally stable after MARME. However, some amount of relapse occurred over time. Patients with thicker cortical bone of the palate and/or flatter palatal planes seemed to demonstrate better stability.

7.
Trials ; 21(1): 999, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A severe epidemic of COVID-19 has broken out in China and has become a major global public health event. We focus on the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)-like changes and overactivation of Th17 cells (these produce cytokines) in patients with COVID-19. We aim to explore the safety and efficacy of ixekizumab (an injectable drug for the treatment of autoimmune diseases) to prevent organ injury caused by the immune response to COVID-19. Ixekizumab is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to interleukin-17A and inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. TRIAL DESIGN: The experiment is divided into two stages. In the first stage, the open trial, 3 patients with COVID-19 are treated with ixekizumab, and the safety and efficacy are observed for 7 days. In the second stage, 40 patients with COVID-19 are randomly divided into two groups at 1:1 for 14 days. This is a two-center, open-label, randomized controlled pilot trial with 2-arm parallel group design (1:1 ratio). PARTICIPANTS: Patients with COVID-19 aged 18-75 with increased Interleukin (IL)-6 levels will be enrolled, but patients with severe infections requiring intensive care will be excluded. The trial will be undertaken in two centers. The first stage is carried out in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, and the second stage is carried out simultaneously in the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: In the first stage, three subjects are given ixekizumab ("Taltz") (80 mg/ml, 160 mg as a single hypodermic injection) and antiviral therapy (α-interferon (administer 5 million U by aerosol inhalation twice daily), lopinavir/ritonavir (administer 100mg by mouth twice daily, for the course of therapy no more than 10 days), chloroquine (administer 500mg by mouth twice daily, for the course of therapy no more than 10 days), ribavirin (administer 500mg by intravenous injection two to three times a day, for the course of therapy no more than 10 days), or arbidol (administer 200mg by mouth three times a day, for the course of therapy no more than 10 days), but not more than 3 types). The treatment course of the first stage is 7 days. In the second stage, 40 randomized patients will receive the following treatments--Group 1: ixekizumab (80 mg/ml, 160 mg as a single hypodermic injection) with antiviral therapy (the same scheme as in the first stage); Group 2: antiviral therapy alone (the same scheme as in the first stage). The length of the second treatment course is 14 days. MAIN OUTCOMES: The primary outcome is a change in pulmonary CT severity score (an imaging tool for assessing COVID-19, which scores on the basis of all abnormal areas involved). Pulmonary CT severity score is assessed on the 7th day, 14th day, or at discharge. RANDOMISATION: In the second stage, 40 patients with COVID-19 are randomly divided into two groups at 1:1 for 14 days. The eLite random system of Nanjing Medical University is used for randomization. BLINDING (MASKING): The main efficacy indicator, the CT results, will be evaluated by the third-party blinded and independent research team. NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMISED (SAMPLE SIZE): In the second stage, 40 patients with COVID-19 are randomly divided into two groups at 1:1 for 14 days. TRIAL STATUS: Trial registration number is ChiCTR2000030703 (version 1.7 as of March 19, 2020). The recruitment is ongoing, and the date recruitment was initiated in June 2020. The anticipated date of the end of data collection is June 2021. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The name of the trial register is the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry. The trial registration number is ChiCTR2000030703 ( http://www.chictr.org.cn/ ). The date of trial registration is 10 March 2020. FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest of expediting the dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).

8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 289, 2020 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376237

RESUMO

Advanced natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTL) has demonstrated poor prognosis with currently available therapies. Here, we report the efficacy of anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody with the P-GEMOX (pegaspargase, gemcitabine, and oxaliplatin) regimen in advanced NKTL. Nine patients underwent six 21-day cycles of anti-PD-1 antibody (day 1), pegaspargase 2000 U/m2 (day 1), gemcitabine 1 g/m2 (days 1 and 8) and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 (day 1), followed by anti-PD-1 antibody maintenance every 3 weeks. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and genetic alterations were determined in paraffin-embedded pretreatment tissue samples using immunohistochemistry and next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis. Responses were assessed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Eight patients exhibited significant responses, comprising of seven complete remissions and one partial remission (overall response rate: 88.9%). After a median follow-up of 10.6 months, 6/9 patients (66.7%) remained in complete remission. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were anemia (33.3%), neutropenia (33.3%), and thrombocytopenia (33.3%); all of which were manageable and resolved. Immunochemotherapy produced a high response rate in patients with positive PD-L1 expression (5/6, 83.3%). NGS analysis suggested that STAT3/JAK3/PD-L1 alterations and ARID1A mutation were associated with immunochemotherapy efficacy. Mutation in DDX3X and alteration in epigenetic modifiers of KMT2D, TET2, and BCORL1 might indicate a poor response to immunochemotherapy. In conclusion, the anti-PD-1 antibody plus P-GEMOX regimen demonstrated promising efficacy in advanced NKTL. PD-L1 expression combined with specific genetic alterations could be used as potential biomarkers to predict therapeutic responses to immunochemotherapy.

9.
Curr Drug Deliv ; 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and lack of angiogenesis are the important pathological mechanisms in deep tissue injury (DTI). Curcumin is a well-known anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent. However, curcumin is unstable under acidic and alkaline conditions, and can be rapidly metabolized and excreted in the bile, which shortens its bioactivity and efficacy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prepare curcumin-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (CPNPs) and to elucidate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of wound healing in DTI models. METHODS: CPNPs were evaluated for particle size, biocompatibility, in vitro drug release and their effect on in vivo wound healing. RESULTS: The results of in vivo wound closure analysis revealed that CPNP treatments significantly improved wound contraction rates (p<0.01) at a faster rate than other three treatment groups. H&E staining revealed that CPNP treatments resulted in complete epithelialization and thick granulation tissue formation, whereas control groups resulted in a lack of compact epithelialization and persistence of inflammatory cells within the wound sites. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that treatment with CPNPs suppressed IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA expression, and up-regulated TGF-ß, VEGF-A and IL-10 mRNA expression. Western blot analysis showed up-regulated protein expression of TGF-ß, VEGF-A and phosphorylatedSTAT3. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that CPNPs enhanced wound healing in DTI models, through modulation of the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway and subsequent upregulation of pro-healing factors.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5728, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184278

RESUMO

A small in-plane external uniaxial pressure has been widely used as an effective method to acquire single domain iron pnictide BaFe2As2, which exhibits twin-domains without uniaxial strain below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (nematic) transition temperature Ts. Although it is generally assumed that such a pressure will not affect the intrinsic electronic/magnetic properties of the system, it is known to enhance the antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering temperature TN ( < Ts) and create in-plane resistivity anisotropy above Ts. Here we use neutron polarization analysis to show that such a strain on BaFe2As2 also induces a static or quasi-static out-of-plane (c-axis) AF order and its associated critical spin fluctuations near TN/Ts. Therefore, uniaxial pressure necessary to detwin single crystals of BaFe2As2 actually rotates the easy axis of the collinear AF order near TN/Ts, and such effects due to spin-orbit coupling must be taken into account to unveil the intrinsic electronic/magnetic properties of the system.

11.
Front Oncol ; 10: 588314, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194744

RESUMO

Purpose: The treatment paradigm for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a B-cell malignancy, has shifted considerably during the past decades. This study aimed to evaluate time trends in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific mortality (DSM) of younger (age ≤ 65 years) patients with MCL from 1995 to 2016. Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Year of diagnosis was divided into three eras: the chemotherapy-alone era (1995-2000), intensified-immunochemotherapy era (2001-2012), and targeted-therapy era (2013-2016). We used the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and subdistribution proportional hazard regression in the analysis. Results: A total 4,892 patients were identified. Median OS increased from 67 months in the chemotherapy-alone era to 107 months in the intensified-immunochemotherapy era (P < 0.001). The DSM rate decreased significantly from 1995 to 2016 (P < 0.001); the adjusted hazard ratios of MCL-specific death were 0.589 (P < 0.001) for the intensified-immunochemotherapy era and 0.459 (P < 0.001) for targeted-therapy era, as compared with the chemotherapy-alone era. Patients with advanced-stage MCL exhibited lowering risk of death across the three eras (P < 0.001). Conclusions: During 1995-2016, survival in younger patients with MCL increased significantly, especially those with advanced-stage disease, potentially reflecting the impact of advancement in treatment modalities on MCL outcome.

12.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090512

RESUMO

Since 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected ten millions of people across the globe, and massive mutations in virus genome have occurred during the rapid spread of this novel coronavirus. Variance in protein sequence might lead to change in protein structure and interaction, then further affect the viral physiological characteristics, which could bring tremendous influence on the pandemic. In this study, we investigated 20 non-synonymous mutations in SARS-CoV-2 genome which incidence rates were all ≥1% as of September 1st, 2020, then modeled and analyzed the mutant protein structures. The results showed that four types of mutations caused dramatic changes in protein structures (RMSD ≥5.0 Å), which were Q57H and G251V in open reading frames 3a (ORF3a), S194L and R203K/G204R in nucleocapsid (N). Next, we found that these mutations also affected the binding affinity of intraviral protein interactions. In addition, the hot spots within these docking mutant complexes were altered, among which the mutation Q57H was involved in both Orf3a-S and Orf3a-Orf8 protein interactions. Besides, these mutations were widely distributed all over the world, and their occurrences fluctuated as time went on. Notably, the incidences of R203K/G204R in N and Q57H in Orf3a were both over 50% in some countries. Overall, our findings suggest that SARS-CoV-2 mutations could change viral protein structure, binding affinity and hot spots of the interface, thereby might have impacts on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 748: 142445, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113701

RESUMO

Sulfur autotrophic denitrification utilizes elemental sulfur as the electron donor for nitrate removal from aquatic environments. Organic carbon could stimulate the conversion of sulfur and facilitates the S0-based denitrification process in the mix-trophic. In this study, the co-cultured system of sulfur reducer (Geobacter sulfurreducens) and Thiobacillus denitrificans was used to investigate that how organic carbon could boost the S0-based denitrification. The results showed that the rate of S0-based denitrification was improved with C/N ratio of 0.13 and this improvement continued even after the acetate was exhausted. Sulfur probe test and Raman analysis suggested that reduced sulfur species (Sx2-) were formed with the addition of organic carbon. The Sx2- could recombine with element sulfur and the bioavailability of S0 would be improved, as a result, the rate of S0-based denitrification increased as well. Nitrate reduction rate could further increase with the C/N ratio of 0.88, but it would decrease significantly when the C/N ratio increased to 1.50 as the high concentration of generated S2-. Our results provided explanations that why organic carbon addition would improve the bioavailability of S0 which could further promote the S0-dominant denitrification process.


Assuntos
Thiobacillus , Reatores Biológicos , Carbono , Desnitrificação , Geobacter , Nitratos , Nitrogênio , Enxofre
14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 270, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe asthma is a chronic disease contributing to disproportionate disease morbidity and mortality. From the year of 2007, many genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have documented a large number of asthma-associated genetic variants and related genes. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism of these identified variants involved in asthma or severe asthma risk remains largely unknown. METHODS: In the current study, we systematically integrated 3 independent expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data (N = 1977) and a large-scale GWAS summary data of moderate-to-severe asthma (N = 30,810) by using the Sherlock Bayesian analysis to identify whether expression-related variants contribute risk to severe asthma. Furthermore, we performed various bioinformatics analyses, including pathway enrichment analysis, PPI network enrichment analysis, in silico permutation analysis, DEG analysis and co-expression analysis, to prioritize important genes associated with severe asthma. RESULTS: In the discovery stage, we identified 1129 significant genes associated with moderate-to-severe asthma by using the Sherlock Bayesian analysis. Two hundred twenty-eight genes were prominently replicated by using MAGMA gene-based analysis. These 228 replicated genes were enriched in 17 biological pathways including antigen processing and presentation (Corrected P = 4.30 × 10- 6), type I diabetes mellitus (Corrected P = 7.09 × 10- 5), and asthma (Corrected P = 1.72 × 10- 3). With the use of a series of bioinformatics analyses, we highlighted 11 important genes such as GNGT2, TLR6, and TTC19 as authentic risk genes associated with moderate-to-severe/severe asthma. With respect to GNGT2, there were 3 eSNPs of rs17637472 (PeQTL = 2.98 × 10- 8 and PGWAS = 3.40 × 10- 8), rs11265180 (PeQTL = 6.0 × 10- 6 and PGWAS = 1.99 × 10- 3), and rs1867087 (PeQTL = 1.0 × 10- 4 and PGWAS = 1.84 × 10- 5) identified. In addition, GNGT2 is significantly expressed in severe asthma compared with mild-moderate asthma (P = 0.045), and Gngt2 shows significantly distinct expression patterns between vehicle and various glucocorticoids (Anova P = 1.55 × 10- 6). CONCLUSIONS: Our current study provides multiple lines of evidence to support that these 11 identified genes as important candidates implicated in the pathogenesis of severe asthma.

15.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2306-2316, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000240

RESUMO

The present study was performed to investigate the protective effects of tannic acid (TA) on liver injury induced by arsenic trioxide (ATO) and to elucidate the mechanism involved as related to the Kelch­like ECH­associated protein 1 (Keap1)­nuclear factor erythroid 2­related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway. Adult rats were intraperitoneally injected with TA, while ATO was administered 1 h later. On the 11th day, the rats were euthanized to determine any liver histological changes, liver function, and the activities of antioxidant, antiapoptosis and proinflammatory cytokines in the liver. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of nuclear Nrf2, total Nrf2, Keap1, Heme oxygenase­1 (HO­1), NADPH quinine oxidoreductase­1 (NQO1), and γ­glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ­GCS) were determined using western blot analysis. The results showed that TA treatment ameliorated ATO­induced liver histological changes and decreased the ATO­induced increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) serum levels. Activities of the antioxidant enzymes significantly were increased, while the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were attenuated following TA treatment. In addition, TA treatment inhibited ATO­induced liver apoptosis and inflammatory responses, increased Bcl­2 protein expression level and reduced the levels of Bax, caspase­3, interleukin (IL)­1ß, IL­6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)­α. Furthermore, TA treatment increased the protein expression levels of Nrf2 and Keap1, HO­1, NQO1 and γ­GCS. The results demonstrated that TA has a protective effect on ATO­treated hepatic toxicity and that its underlying mechanism could be due to TA activation of the Keap1­Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, to reduce oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation in ATO­intoxicated rats.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(43): 48495-48510, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050703

RESUMO

The development of highly efficient and low-cost bifunctional noble metal-free electrocatalysts for both the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is an effective strategy for improving efficiency. Herein, novel three-dimensional (3D) bimetallic metal-organic frameworks containing Ni and V with adjustable stoichiometry were synthesized on nickel foam successfully. Notably, Ni2V-MOFs@NF only require rather low overpotentials of 244 and 89 mV for the OER and HER, respectively, and expedites overall water splitting with 1.55 V at 10 mA cm-2 with robust durability during the 80 h test. The high efficiency of the novel obtained electrocatalysts should be attributed to the particular morphological design of the two-dimensional (2D) ultrathin nanosheets self-assembling into a 3D nanoflower and the electronic structure regulation resulting from the synergetic interaction between nickel and vanadium. Subsequent theoretical calculations reveal the following conclusions: (I) the exceptional electronic conductivity of Ni2V-MOFs shows enhanced optimization as a result of electronic structure reconstruction, (II) the energy barrier reduction of the rate-limiting step is responsible for the enhanced dynamics of Ni2V-MOFs for the OER, and (III) the facilitation of the adsorption of H+ and H2O plays a key role in progressing the HER catalytic activity of Ni2V-MOFs.

17.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(7): 804-811, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects adults and children. The most common subtype is psoriasis vulgaris. This article analyzes the characteristics and clinical features of children with psoriasis vulgaris to strengthen the understanding, treatment, and management for children with psoriasis. METHODS: A total of 208 children with psoriasis vulgaris, who were first admitted to the Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from October 2012 to December 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical characteristics, results of laboratory examination, treatment options and efficacy were summarized. RESULTS: The age of the 208 children with psoriasis vulgaris was (11.19±3.97) years old, the peak incidence was 12 years old, the disease duration was (27.46±31.30) months, and the male-female ratio was 1∶0.96. The most common site of the first attack was the scalp (37.98%), followed by the trunk (26.44%) and the limbs (22.12%). The causes leading to exacerbation were more common in infections and diets. There were 33 patients (15.87%) with a family history of psoriasis, showing the higher score of Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and the higher Dermatological Quality of Life Index (DLQI) (both P<0.05). In all patients, 29 cases (13.94%) were overweight, 19 cases (9.14%) were obese, and the rate of overweight and obesity in children with psoriasis vulgaris was higher than that of normal children in China. In the laboratory test, the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-VD) were decreased in most patients (47.5%), and the serum 25-OH-VD levels were found to be moderately negatively correlated with PASI score (P<0.05). The score of DLQI in the patient was 5.56±3.57, the score of PASI was 7.25±6.83, and they were positively correlated (r=0.409, P<0.001). In most patients (72.11%), the severity of the disease was mild to moderate. Their treatment was often dominated by topical drugs and Chinese patent medicine (65.67%). Retinoids showed a good effect on children. Cyclosporine and methotrexate were effective in more severe cases. CONCLUSIONS: Children with psoriasis vulgaris are mainly caused by infection and diet. Patients with family history have more serious illness, lower quality of life, and are more likely to have metabolic abnormalities such as overweight and obesity. The serum 25-OH-VD levels in children with psoriasis vulgaris are negatively correlated with the score of PASI.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 114: 111027, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: New capillaries are essential for deep tissue pressure injury wound healing. Tazarotene is a recently discovered small molecule drug and functions to promote neovascularization and tissue repair. At present, the application of tazarotene in the repair of pressure injuries has not previously been investigated. This study used poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) as nanoparticle carriers loaded with tazarotene (Ta/PLGA NPs) for drug delivery and to overcome shortcomings associated with the low water solubility, short half-life, easy photolysis and low bioavailability of tazarotene itself. METHODS: The physicochemical properties, drug release and bioactivity of Ta/PLGA NPs were examined in vitro by transmission electron microscope, spectrophotometry and cell assays. Mouse models of deep tissue pressure injuries (DTPI) were established and the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of Ta/PLGA NPs in local wound repair were studied. RESULTS: The results showed that Ta/PLGA NPs were of uniform size and distribution and were non-toxic both in vitro and in vivo. In vivo experiments suggested that Ta/PLGA NPs significantly promoted DTPI wound repair through activation of the VEGF/VEGFR-Notch1/DLL4 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the potential clinical significance of implementation of tazarotene small molecule drugs in combination with effective biomaterial carriers for the treatment of chronic refractory wounds, such as DTPI.

19.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Improving the rate of polyp detection is an important measure to prevent colorectal cancer (CRC). Real-time automatic polyp detection systems, through deep learning methods, can learn and perform specific endoscopic tasks previously performed by endoscopists. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a high-performance, real-time automatic polyp detection system could improve the polyp detection rate (PDR) in the actual clinical environment. METHODS: The selected patients underwent same-day, back-to-back colonoscopies in a random order, with either traditional colonoscopy or artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted colonoscopy performed first by different experienced endoscopists (> 3000 colonoscopies). The primary outcome was the PDR. It was registered with clinicaltrials.gov . (NCT047126265). RESULTS: In this study, we randomized 150 patients. The AI system significantly increased the PDR (34.0% vs 38.7%, p < 0.001). In addition, AI-assisted colonoscopy increased the detection of polyps smaller than 6 mm (69 vs 91, p < 0.001), but no difference was found with regard to larger lesions. CONCLUSIONS: A real-time automatic polyp detection system can increase the PDR, primarily for diminutive polyps. However, a larger sample size is still needed in the follow-up study to further verify this conclusion. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT047126265.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(11): 5613-5619, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941129

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain (TRM 68085T) was isolated from soil of Populus euphratica wetland. A polyphasic approach was used to study the taxonomy of TRM 68085T and the results showed a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the genus Streptomyces. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain TRM 68085T showed the highest similarity value to Streptomyces capitiformicae 1H-SSA4T (98.6 %), and phylogenetically clustered with Streptomyces kanasensis ZX01T(97.5 %) and Streptomyces ipomoeae NBRC 13050T (97.4 %). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain TRM 68085T based on the genome sequence was 71.4 mol%. The levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between the genome of the isolate and its nearest phylogenetic neighbours, S. capitiformicae 1H-SSA4T, S. kanasensis ZX01T and S. ipomoeae NBRC 13050T, were 19.2±0.4, 21.8±0.5 and 19.3±0.6 %, respectively. Chemotaxonomic data revealed that strain TRM 68085T possessed MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8) as the predominant menaquinones. ll-Diaminopimelic acid and a small amount of meso-diaminopimelic acid were the diagnostic diamino acids. Ribose, xylose, glucose and galactose were the whole-cell sugars. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 (25.4 %) and iso-C16 : 0 (18.3 %). On the basis of these genotypic and phenotypic data, it is concluded that strain TRM 68085T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces arboris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 68085T (=CCTCC AA2019031T=LMG 31492T).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...