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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624657

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has been identified as a promising material for photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) production, but it shows a low activity. Herein, g-C3N4 doped with a benzene ring (B-CNx) was synthesized via a simple thermal polycondensation method, exhibits 5.4 times higher H2 evolution rate than the pristine one, and achieves a high apparent quantum yield of 4.11% at 420 nm.

2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 176: 112954, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412428

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas system have drawn increasing attention in accurate and sensitive nucleic acids detection. Herein, we reported a novel Cas12a-based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for target amplification-free human papilloma virus subtype (HPV-16) DNA detection. During this detection process, Cas12a employed its two-part recognition mechanism to improve the specificity and trans-cleavage capability to achieve signal amplification, while L-Methionine stabilized gold nanoclusters (Met-AuNCs) were served as high-efficiency ECL emitters to achieve ECL signal transition. Given the unique combination of Cas12a with ECL technique, the detection limit was determined as 0.48 pM and the whole detection could be completed within 70 min. We also validated the practical application of the proposed biosensor by using undiluted human blood samples, which gives impetus to the design of new generations of CRISPR/Cas detection system beyond the traditional ones with ultimate applications in sensing analysis and diagnostic technologies.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 50(6): 2075-2082, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480892

RESUMO

Three thioantimonides charge compensated by Ln/S/Cl cationic layers, namely, La8S4Cl8La12S8Cl4[SbS3]8 and Ln12S8Cl8[SbS3]4 (Ln = La and Ce), have been discovered by conventional solid-state reactions. The former crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group Pbcm (no. 57), while the latter adopts the polar non-centrosymmetric space group Cc (no. 9). Both of them contain isolated SbS3 trigonal-pyramidal units, which are connected either with the alternating centric [La8S4Cl8]8+ and mirror-symmetric [La12S8Cl4]16+ cationic layers perpendicular to the [001] direction in La8S4Cl8La12S8Cl4[SbS3]8 or with the acentric [Ln12S8Cl8]12+ cationic layers perpendicular to the [100] direction in Ln12S8Cl8[SbS3]4. Interestingly, the discrete SbS3 trigonal pyramids pack in a centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric fashion in La8S4Cl8La12S8Cl4[SbS3]8 and La12S8Cl8[SbS3]4, respectively, which can be ascribed to the different compositions and packing fashions in Ln/S/Cl cationic layers. In addition, optical gaps of 2.31 and 2.60 eV for La12S8Cl8[SbS3]4 and La8S4Cl8La12S8Cl4[SbS3]8, respectively, were determined by UV/vis reflectance spectroscopy, showing a blue shift with respect to La7Sb9S24, which can be attributed to the greater contributions of La to the bottom of the CB as confirmed by the DFT study.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 769: 145155, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485208

RESUMO

Temperature variations have significant impacts on the growth and development of fish. In this study, the effects of temperature on the growth and development of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were investigated using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabolomics. Three groups of fish were exposed to various temperatures for 60 days: T1-E (10 °C), T2-E (15 °C), and T3-E (20 °C). Afterward, the temperature of all groups was increased to 20 °C and maintained for 62 days (T1-S, T2-S, T3-S). The livers were extracted for subsequent analysis. In the first stage of the experiment, the growth rate was highest in the T3-E group, followed by the T1-E and T2-E groups. The following metabolites identified by comparative analysis were found to be elevated: L-thyroxine, cysteamine, uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucose, α-ketoglutaric acid, carbamoyl phosphate, and guanidine acetic acid of the T1-E group. Pathway analysis of the altered metabolites suggested changes in glucose metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, the ornithine cycle, histidine metabolism, and taurine metabolism, which were involved with growth and development. Meanwhile, partial compensatory growth was observed in fish in the T1-S and T2-S groups. Metabolites identified as potential markers of growth included L-cysteine, taurocholic acid, UDP-glucose, and L-thyroxine. The significantly changed metabolic pathways were cysteine and methionine metabolism, bile secretion, tyrosine metabolism, and hypotaurine metabolism. We screened out the marker metabolites and metabolic pathway could provide important insights into the potential mechanisms of temperature affects the growth and development of European seabass. All in all, our research can provide theoretical basis and technical guidance for efficiently culturing European seabass.

5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 516: 55-63, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476590

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women worldwide. Patients carrying mutations in breast cancer susceptibility genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) account for 5-10% of all breast cancer patients. Therefore, screening for susceptibility genes may reduce the incidence of breast cancer and improve prognosis. To provide evidence for mutation interpretation and targeted drug use in breast cancer patients, gene mutations were screened in 78 women diagnosed with sporadic breast cancer using a next-generation sequencing panel, confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Then the pathogenicity of the identified novel variants was explored using in vitro experiments including western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation and cell-migration assays. Four novel variants (BRCA2 L1390W, BRCA2 Glu432fs, BRCA1 P706L, and BRCA1 Cys882fs) were identified. BRCA2 Glu432fs decreased the expression of BRCA2 protein, enhanced cell migration and invasion ability, and prevented the protein from interacting with RAD51, resulting in a defect in the homologous recombination pathway. The identification of these novel BRCA variants and the confirmation of their pathogenicity have enriched the genetic database of breast cancer, especially in the Chinese population. Moreover, the variants are the genetic risk factors for hereditary breast cancer. Therefore, BRCA variant detection and genetic counseling for breast cancer patients are meaningful and important.

6.
J Fish Dis ; 44(3): 249-262, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314157

RESUMO

Takifugu rubripes and Dicentrarchus labrax are important commercial fish in China that are under serious threat from Cryptocaryon irritans. C. irritans is a ciliated obligate parasite that causes marine white spot disease and leads to heavy economic losses. We analysed the transcriptome in the gills of T. rubripes and D. labrax to compare differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and pathways during infection with C. irritans. In total, we identified 6,901 and 35,736 DEGs from T. rubripes and D. labrax, respectively. All DEGs were annotated into GO terms; 6,901 DEGs from T. rubripes were assigned into 991 sub-categories, and 35,736 DEGs from D. labrax were assigned into 8,517 sub-categories. We mapped DEGs to the KEGG database and obtained 153 and 350 KEGG signalling pathways from T. rubripes and D. labrax, respectively. Immune-related categories included Toll-like receptors, MAPK, lysosome, C-type lectin receptor and NOD-like receptor signalling pathways were significantly enriched pathways. In immune-related signalling pathways, we found that AP-1, P38, IL-1ß, HSP90 and PLA were significantly up-regulated DEGs in T. rubripes, but P38 and PLA were significantly down-regulated in D. labrax. In this study, transcriptome was used to analyse the difference between scaly and non-scaly fish infection by C. irritans, which not only provided a theoretical basis for the infection mechanism of C. irritans, but also laid a foundation for effectively inhibiting the occurrence of this disease. Our work provides further insight into the immune response of host resistance to C. irritans.

7.
Neurosci Lett ; 740: 135461, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly patients receive propofol at regular intervals for sedation during gastrointestinal endoscopy. However, the link between cognition and intermittent propofol exposure remains unclear. Thus, we used aged rats to investigate the effect of propofol on cognition. METHODS: The study included two parts. In the first part, aged (18-20 months old) male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent intermittent intraperitoneal injection of propofol (200 mg/kg) or intralipid, every 9 days or once a day. In the second part, some aged rats received intraperitoneal injection of Bay 11-7082 (1 mg/kg), a specific inhibitor of NF-κB, 30 min before propofol injection. Memory tests were performed to evaluate cognition 24 h after the entire treatment. The hippocampal neuronal damage was assessed by TUNEL staining. The hippocampal levels of p-NF-κB p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 p20, and cleaved caspase-3 were detected by western blotting. The hippocampal and serum levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were evaluated using ELISA. RESULTS: There were no differences in the behavioral tests, hippocampal neuronal damage, and neuroinflammation between groups given intralipid and propofol treatment every 9 days. However, repeated propofol treatment once a day promoted activation of NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome, inducing cognitive impairment and neuroinflammation. Interestingly, pretreatment with Bay-11-7082 not only inhibited NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome activation, but also attenuated neuronal damage and cognitive dysfunction in aged rats exposed to daily propofol treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent propofol treatment every 9 days may be safe for aged rats. However, propofol treatment once a day could impair the cognition of aged rats, partly through the activation of the NF-κB pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome, which may be a potential targets for the treatment of cognitive impairment in elderly patients.

8.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 8842110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299396

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is one of the most severe complaints in women undergoing menopause. The prevalence of MSP varied when taking the menopausal state and age factor into consideration. This study investigated the prevalence of MSP in perimenopausal women and its association with menopausal state. The MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed databases were searched from inception to July 2020, and 16 studies were retrieved for the current meta-analysis. The primary outcome measure was the MSP Odds Ratio (OR). The estimated overall prevalence of MSP among perimenopausal women was 71% (4144 out of 5836, 95% confidence interval (CI): 64%-78%). Perimenopausal women demonstrated a higher risk for MSP than premenopausal ones (OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.35-1.96, P = 0.008, I 2 = 59.7%), but similar to that in postmenopausal ones (OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.95-1.20, P = 0.316, I 2 = 13.4%). The postmenopausal women were at a higher risk of moderate/severe MSP than the premenopausal ones (OR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.21-1.75, P = 0.302, I 2 = 16.5%) or the perimenopausal ones (OR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.09-1.79, P = 0.106, I 2 = 55.4%). In conclusion, the perimenopause is a state during which women are particularly predisposed to develop MSP. As to moderate to severe degrees of MSP, the odds increase linearly with age, from premenopause to peri- and then to postmenopause.

9.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e042741, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184089

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is a well-established treatment for peritoneal cancer (PC). However, this kind of combination therapy is associated with a high incidence of complications. Moreover, relative studies have indicated that traditional laboratory testing is insufficient to demonstrate the overall haemostatic physiology of CRS/HIPEC. Thromboelastography (TEG), administered by monitoring dynamic changes in haemostasis, has been shown to contribute to reducing transfusion requirements and improving survival. However, there is no evidence to verify whether TEG can be applied to guide transfusion strategies during CRS/HIPEC. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether TEG-guided blood product transfusion (TEG-BT) therapy is superior to traditional blood product transfusion (T-BT) therapy for guiding perioperative blood transfusion treatment and improving the prognosis of patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The TEG-BT versus T-BT study is a single-centre, randomised, blinded outcome assessment clinical trial of 162 patients with PC, aged 18-64 years and undergoing CRS/HIPEC. Participants will be randomly allocated to receive TEG-BT or T-BT. The primary outcome will be the evaluation of perioperative blood transfusion, which refers to the total amount of blood transfusion given from the time patients enter the operating room up to 72 hours postoperatively. The secondary outcomes will include the transfusion volume during surgery, total amount of intraoperative infusion, amount of blood lost during the operation, total blood transfusion between 0 and 72 hours after surgery, lowest haemoglobin level within 72 hours after surgery, intensive care unit duration, overall length of stay, total cost of hospitalisation and adverse events. Data will be analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol has been approved by the Scientific Research Ethics Committee of Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated with Capital Medical University (Approval Number: sjtkyll-lx-2020-3). The results will be published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000028835).

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(96): 15149-15152, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210666

RESUMO

The design and development of novel chalcogenides with ultralow thermal conductivity is extremely important but very challenging for promoting the efficiencies of thermoelectric (TE) materials. Herein, a new type of salt-inclusion chalcogenide (SIC), [Rb6Cl][RE23Mn7Se44] (RE = Ho-Yb), was discovered via a modified flux method. They possessed [RESe6] and [MSe6] (M = RE/Mn) octahedra as basic building units, which interlinked to form a three-dimensional quasi-NaCl-type [RE23Mn7Se44]5- host framework, where the [Rb6Cl]5+ guest ions resided. Interestingly, these isomorphic compounds showed ultralow thermal conductivities (0.28-0.37 W m-1 K-1) at 673 K, which are reported for the first time in SICs. This work not only enriches SIC chemistry but also broadens the application of SICs in the TE field.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(40): 23185-23194, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026374

RESUMO

The Heusler alloys CoFeRGa (R = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, and Nb) have similar chemical compositions, but exhibit remarkably distinct electronic structures, magnetism and transport properties. These structures cover an extensive range of spin gapless semiconductors, half-metals, semiconductors and metals with either ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, antiferromagnetic, or nonmagnetic states. The Heusler alloys have three types of structures, namely, type-I, type-II, and type-III. By means of first-principles calculation combined with the Boltzmann equation within the consideration of spin-freedom, we explore the transport feature of the most stable structure (type-I). In addition, we provide evidence that all the considered materials are mechanically and dynamically stable, possessing high strength and toughness to resist compression and tensile strain. Moreover, the distinct electronic (metallic, insulating, and half-metallic) properties and magnetic behaviors originate mainly from a cooperative electron transfer and electronic structures have been verified by our calculation. Finally, we found that the tunable electronic structure with varied atomic numbers has significant influence on the spin-Seebeck effect. Correspondingly, the calculated spin-Seebeck coefficient of CoFeCrGa is -60.29 µV K-1 at 300 K, which is larger than that of other quaternary Heusler compounds. Our results provide a band-engineering platform to design Heusler structures with different electronic behaviors in isomorphic compounds, which provide the way for accelerating the pre-screening of materials to advance and for using the quaternary Heusler compounds for potential applications in spin caloritronic devices.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(33): 18556-18561, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785329

RESUMO

Compositional tailoring externally enables the fine tuning of thermal transport parameters of materials using the dual modulation of electronic or thermal transport properties. Theoretically, we examined the lattice dynamics of three particularly ternary representatives with different stoichiometry, BaMgSi, Ba2Mg3Si4, and BaMg2Si2, and identified the inherent bonding hierarchy and rattling Ba atoms, which were responsible for reducing the lattice thermal conductivity. BaMgSi and Ba2Mg3Si4 exhibited inherently ultra-low lattice thermal conductivity of 1.27-0.37 W m-1 K-1 in the range of 300-1000 K due to the bonding hierarchy and rattling Ba atoms. The low-energy optical phonons are overlapping with the acoustic phonons. This is associated with the intrinsic rattler-like vibration of Ba cations and leads to the characteristic in the localization of the propagative phonons and large anharmonicity. Although BaMg2Si2 had a dumbbell-shaped Si-Si covalent and Ba-Si/Mg ionic bonding environment and intrinsic rattler-like vibration of Ba cations, the middle frequency optic phonon branches contribute considerably to the thermal conductivity of the lattice. At the same temperature, compared with BaMgSi and Ba2Mg3Si4, the lattice thermal conductivity of BaMg2Si2 almost doubles owing to the higher phonon lifetime and group velocities. Our findings highlight considerable potential for thermoelectric applications with a different stoichiometric ratio of Ba/Mg/Si systems due to their low lattice thermal conductivities via intrinsic modulating stoichiometry.

13.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 2809-2817, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764880

RESUMO

Introduction: Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent articular disease in the elderly. We aimed to explore the role of cordycepin (COR) in the progression and development of osteoarthritis and its correlation with TGF-ß activity and autophagy. Methods: Sprague Dawley rats were induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) to establish knee osteoarthritis model. To investigate the role of COR in knee osteoarthritis, rats were injected with 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg of COR before joint surgery. After surgery, paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) was performed. HE staining and Alcian blue staining were carried out to detect cartilage damage. ELISA was used to detect the level of TGFß in the serum. Protein expression was analyzed by Western blotting. Results: In this study, we found that the PWMT of rats with osteoarthritis induced by ACLT was decreased significantly, accompanied by obvious histological and cartilage damage. After different doses of COR treatment, the PWMT of osteoarthritis rats induced by ACLT was increased in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, compared with the control group, COR treatment also reversed the effect of ACLT on cartilage injury in rats. Furthermore, the level of TGF-ß in serum of ACLT rats was increased significantly, which may be related to the overexpression of TGF-ß R1. However, the increase of serum TGF-ß level in ACLT rats was reversed by COR treatment in a dose-dependent manner. It is worth noting that TGF-ß overexpression reduced the proportion of autophagy-related protein LC3-II/I, thus inhibiting autophagy. In order to further confirm the effect of TGF-ß on autophagy, TGF-ß was overexpressed or the autophagy inhibitor 3-MA was applied. The results showed that TGF-ß overexpression and 3-MA treatment reversed the effect of COR on autophagy. Conclusion: In summary, our findings declared that COR alleviated ACLT-induced osteoarthritis pain and cartilage damage by inhibiting TGF-ß activity and inducing autophagy in rat model with knee osteoarthritis.

14.
BMJ Open ; 10(7): e040517, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has spread rapidly in China and around the world. Published studies have revealed that some patients with COVID-19 had abnormal liver function in laboratory tests. However, the results were inconsistent and the analysis of epidemiological data stratified by the severity of COVID-19 was not available in previous meta-analyses. Furthermore, these meta-analyses were suspected of overestimating the incidence of liver injury in patients with COVID-19 because some studies considered transaminase elevation as liver injury, which might partially result from cardiac and muscle injury. This systematic review aims to enrol published literatures related to COVID-19 without language restriction, analyse the data based on the severity of the COVID-19 and explore the impact of varied definitions of liver injury on the incidence of liver injury. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have conducted a preliminary search on PubMed and Excerpta Medica Database on 13 April 2020, for the studies published after December 2019 on the prevalence of acute liver injury and hypertransaminemia in patients with COVID-19. Two reviewers will independently screen studies, extract data and assess the risk of bias. We will estimate the pooled incidence of hypertransaminemia and acute liver injury in patients with COVID-19 by using the random-effects model. The I² test will be used to identify the extent of heterogeneity. Publication bias will be assessed by funnel plot and performing the Begg's and Egger's test if adequate studies are available. We will perform a risk of bias assessment using the Joanna Briggs Institute's critical appraisal checklist. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since this study will be based on the published data, it does not require ethical approval. The final results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020179462.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Bilirrubina/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Hepatopatias/sangue , Pandemias , Prevalência
15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 104: 213-221, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534232

RESUMO

Cryptocaryon irritans can cause cryptocaryonosis (white spot disease) in marine fish but the pathogenesis of the disease is unclear. In this work, we used high-throughput proteomics to identify differentially expressed proteins in the serum of Takifugu rubripes challenged with C. irritans. By using quantitative proteomic assays combined with Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantitative proteomic analysis, we identified a total of 2088 differentially abundant proteins (1706 proteins were quantified, p < 0.05, fold-change threshold ≥ 2), including 21 up-regulated and 44 down-regulated. Combined with STRING-based functional analysis, we ultimately obtained eight proteins including glucokinase-like, integrin beta-1-like isoform X2, H4, H2A.V, histone H1-like, histone H2AX-like, histone H2B 1/2-like and myosin-9 isoform X1, which could be considered as potential biomarkers for T. rubripes immune responses. Eight proteins that were selected to validate significant differentially expressed genes at the proteomic level were consistent with qPCR at the transcriptomic level. The proteins identified in our work may serve as candidates for elucidating the molecular mechanism of cryptocaryonosis in T. rubripes. Our collective findings could provide new insights into searching for disease-specific targets and biomarkers, which may be effective indicators of C. irritans infection in T. rubripes.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(54): 7495-7498, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500898

RESUMO

Commercial nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs) were directly converted to efficient electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction by urea-Ni solid powder pyrolysis, in which a Ni, N-co-doped graphite carbon shell wraps the Ni NPs in situ. 98.3% CO selectivity was realized with a current density of -20.2 mA cm-2 and an overpotential of 0.69 V.

17.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 562-570, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350201

RESUMO

Aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) rs671 G>A polymorphism can influence the activity of ALDH2 and may be associated with the risk of essential hypertension (EH). Although many previous studies have explored such a relationship, the conclusion is still controversial.The PubMed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched on the ALDH2 gene and EH. We used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to evaluate the quality of the study. Then we calculated the strength of relationship between ALDH2 rs671 mutation and EH by utilizing odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Besides, subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed and the publication bias was assessed.There were 12 studies containing 8153 cases and 10,162 controls. Our meta-analysis showed significant association between ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism and EH in four genetic models (the allele model, the homozygote model, the heterozygote model, and the dominant model), whereas it did not indicate this connection in the recessive model. However, a trend of decreased risk still could be seen. Furthermore, we also found an obvious association between rs671 mutation and the risk of EH in the male group than in the female group in all five genetic models.We concluded that ALDH2 rs671 G>A polymorphism may decrease the risk of EH. Furthermore, susceptibility to EH reduced in males but not in females. As a variant in ALDH2, rs671 G>A could be an attractive candidate for genetic therapy of EH. In addition, more case-control studies should be conducted to strengthen our conclusion and evaluate the gene-gene and gene-environment interactions between the ALDH2 gene and EH.


Assuntos
Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Hipertensão Essencial/genética , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
18.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 553-561, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418960

RESUMO

Many published studies have evaluated the association between the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T (rs1801133) polymorphism and the risk of congenital heart disease (CHD); however, the specific conclusion is still controversial.To get a more accurate conclusion, we used a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between the MTHFR gene C677T polymorphism and the risk of CHD.Based on the design-based search strategy, a comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed, OVID, Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang, CNKI, and Web of Science. We selected the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) to assess the quality of the included studies. We performed a heterogeneity test on the results of the study and calculated the combined odds ratios (ORs) and its corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) under a random- or fixed-effect model. Subgroup analyses were conducted by ethnicity, source of controls, sample size, and genotyping method. Sensitivity analysis was used to insure authenticity of this meta-analysis result. Egger's test and Begg's funnel plot were performed to detect publication bias.Eventually, our meta-analysis included 15 eligible studies. We observed a significant correlation between the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and the development of CHD in the recessive model (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.06-1.71, P = 0.006) for the overall population. In subgroups stratified by ethnicity and source of controls, subgroup analyses indicated similar associations in Asians and hospital-based groups, but not for Caucasians and population-based groups. Egger's test and Begg's funnel plot demonstrated no significant publication bias in our study.Our analysis identified that MTHFR C677T allele is a risk genetic for CHD development, especially in Asians compared with Caucasians.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos
19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(4)2020 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32260412

RESUMO

Any solid surface with homogenous or varying surface energy can spontaneously show variable wettability to liquid droplets with different or identical surface tensions. Here, we studied a glass slide sprayed with a quasi-superamphiphobic coating consisting of a hexane suspension of perfluorosilane-coated nanoparticles. Four areas on the glass slide with a total length of 7.5 cm were precisely tuned via ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, and droplets with surface tensions of 72.1-33.9 mN m-1 were categorized at a tilting angle of 3°. Then, we fabricated a U-shaped device sprayed with the same coating and used it to sort the droplets more finely by rolling them in the guide groove of the device to measure their total rolling time and distance. We found a correlation between ethanol content/surface tension and rolling time/distance, so we used the same device to estimate the alcoholic strength of Chinese liquors and to predict the surface tension of ethanol aqueous solutions.

20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 192: 112174, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113049

RESUMO

A series of 1,6-naphthyridinone-based MET kinase inhibitors bearing quinoline moiety in block A were designed and synthesized based on the structures of Cabozantinib and our reported compound IV. Extensive SAR and DMPK studies led to the identification of 20j, a potent and orally bioavailable MET kinase inhibitor with favorable kinase selectivity. More importantly, 20j exhibited statistically significant tumor growth inhibition (Tumor growth inhibition/TGI of 131%, 4/6 partial regression/PR) in the U-87 MG xeograft model, which is superior to that of Cabozantinib (TGI of 97%, 2/6 PR), and significantly better than that of compound IV (TGI of 15%, 0/6 PR) at the same dose (12.5 mg/kg). Combined with favorable in vitro potency, kinase selectivity, pharmacokinetic profile and in vivo efficacy, the promising antitumor drug candidate 20j has subsequently advanced into preclinical research.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Quinolinas/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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