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1.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zacopride, a potent antagonist of 5-HT3 receptors and an agonist of 5-HT4 receptors, is a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent. In a previous study, we discovered that zacopride selectively stimulated the inward rectifier potassium current (IK1) in the rat and that agonizing IK1 prevented or eliminated aconitine-induced arrhythmias inrats. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to confirm that the antiarrhythmic effects of zacopride are mediated by selectively enhancing IK1 in rabbits. METHODS: The effects of zacopride on function of the main ion channels were investigated using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique in rabbits. Effects of zacopride on cardiac arrhythmias were also explored experimentally both in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: Zacopride moderately enhanced cardiac IK1 but had no apparent action on voltage-gated sodium current (INa), Ltype calcium current (ICa-L), sodium-calcium exchange current (INa/Ca), transient outward potassium current (Ito), or delayed rectifier potassium current (IK) in rabbits. Zacopride also had a marked antiarrhythmic effect in vivo and in vitro. We proved that the resting membrane potential (RMP) was hyperpolarized in presence of 1 µmol/L zacopride, and the action potential duration (APD) at 90% repolarization (APD90) was shortened by zacopride (0.1-10 µmol/L) in a concentrationdependent manner. Furthermore, zacopride at 1 µmol/L significantly decreased the incidence of drug-induced early afterdepolarization (EAD) in rabbit ventricular myocytes. CONCLUSION: Zacopride is a selective agonist of rabbit cardiac IK1 and that IK1 enhancement exerts potential antiarrhythmic effects.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579351

RESUMO

The structural dynamics of the solid-liquid interfaces (SLEIs) determines the chemistry in all electrochemical processes. Here, by combining multiple operando synchrotron spectroscopies, we identify at the atomic level a general evolution of single-atom Ni at SLEIs into a near-free atom state in the electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). We uncover that the single-atom Ni at SLEIs tends to be dynamically released from the nitrogen-carbon substrate and then forms a near-free, isolated-zigzag active site (Ni1(2-δ)+N2) during the reaction. This isolated-zigzag Ni1(2-δ)+N2 active site facilitates the adsorption and dissociation of O2 into a crucial *O intermediate within the electrical double layers, realizing a highly efficient single-atom catalyst with the best ORR performance in alkaline solutions reported thus far. These findings may pave a general way for dissecting other important structural dynamic processes at SLEIs, such as hydrogen evolution, oxygen evolution, and CO2 reduction reactions.

3.
Nat Chem ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541948

RESUMO

The use of nitrogen fertilizers has been estimated to have supported 27% of the world's population over the past century. Urea (CO(NH2)2) is conventionally synthesized through two consecutive industrial processes, N2 + H2 → NH3 followed by NH3 + CO2 → urea. Both reactions operate under harsh conditions and consume more than 2% of the world's energy. Urea synthesis consumes approximately 80% of the NH3 produced globally. Here we directly coupled N2 and CO2 in H2O to produce urea under ambient conditions. The process was carried out using an electrocatalyst consisting of PdCu alloy nanoparticles on TiO2 nanosheets. This coupling reaction occurs through the formation of C-N bonds via the thermodynamically spontaneous reaction between *N=N* and CO. Products were identified and quantified using isotope labelling and the mechanism investigated using isotope-labelled operando synchrotron-radiation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. A high rate of urea formation of 3.36 mmol g-1 h-1 and corresponding Faradic efficiency of 8.92% were measured at -0.4 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode.

4.
FASEB J ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427399

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive breast cancer subtype with high motile and invasive capacity that contributes to metastasis. Understanding the mechanisms for the motility of TNBC might provide novel targetable vulnerabilities of the tumors. Herein, we find that Rhophilin-associated tail protein 1 (ROPN1) is selectively overexpressed in human TNBC cell lines and tissues. Overexpression of ROPN1 promotes, while silencing of ROPN1 inhibits the robust migration, invasion, and in vivo metastasis of TNBC cells. Moreover, we find that ROPN1 activates RhoA signaling via rhophilin-1 (RHPN1), leading to enhanced actin stress fibers formation in TNBC cells. RhoA signaling is demonstrated to be essential for ROPN1-mediated migration and metastasis of TNBC cells. Finally, we find that high levels of ROPN1 are significantly associated distant metastasis and predicted poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. These findings reveal a novel mechanism for the high motility and metastasis of TNBC cells, suggesting that ROPN1 might be a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target.

5.
Infection ; 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390091

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to report the clinical characteristics of 194 cases coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Huanggang, Hubei and Taian, Shandong. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the clinical, laboratory characteristics and CT imaging of confirmed cases of COVID-19 from January 22 to February 28, 2020 in Huanggang Central Hospital and The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University. Real time PCR was used to detect the new coronavirus in respiratory samples. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expressions of ACE2 in tissues. RESULTS: Among the 194 patients infected with COVID-19, 108 patients were male, with a median age of 48.3 years. The average preclinical period was 7.44 day. Except for 37 severe or critically ill patients, the rest of the 157 patients exhibited mild or moderate symptoms. 190 (97.94%) patients were confirmed during the three times nucleic acid test. The main clinical symptom of the patients were fever, sore throat and cough, which accounted for 146 cases (75.26%), 98 (50.52%) and 86 cases (44.33%), respectively. 30 patients (15.46%) showed liver dysfunction. Imaging examination showed that 141 patients (72.68%) showed abnormal density shadow, while 53 cases (27.32%) had no obvious abnormality in the parenchyma of both lungs. Up to now, 109 cases have been discharged from the hospital, and 9 patients died. The ACE2 expression levels were up-regulated in patients of severe type and critically ill type. CONCLUSION: Clinical symptoms, laboratory tests and CT imaging should be combined for comprehensive analysis to diagnose COVID-19. ACE2 may be the receptor of COVID-19.

6.
Cell Biol Int ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437058

RESUMO

The objective of this project was to find a bronchodilatory compound from herbs and clarify the mechanism. We found that the ethanol extract of Folium Sennae (EEFS) can relax airway smooth muscle (ASM). EEFS inhibited ASM contraction, induced by acetylcholine, in mouse tracheal rings and lung slices. High-performance liquid chromatography assay showed that EEFS contained emodin. Emodin had a similar reversal action. Acetylcholine-evoked contraction was also partially reduced by nifedipine (a selective inhibitor of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, LVDCCs), YM-58483 (a selective inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ entry, SOCE), as well as Y-27632 (an inhibitor of Rho-associated protein kinase). In addition, LVDCC- and SOCE-mediated currents and cytosolic Ca2+ elevations were inhibited by emodin. Emodin reversed acetylcholine-caused increases in phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1. Furthermore, emodin, in vivo, inhibited acetylcholine-induced respiratory system resistance in mice. These results indicate that EEFS-induced relaxation results from emodin inhibiting LVDCC, SOCE, and Ca2+ sensitization. These findings suggest that Folium Sennae and emodin may be new sources of bronchodilators.

7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 237: 116181, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241425

RESUMO

Glycogen, a glucose homopolymer with many glucose chains, is the primary blood-sugar reservoir in many organisms. It comprises ß particles (∼20 nm) which can bind together to form large α particles with a rosette morphology. When dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is added to glycogen from diabetic livers, α particles break apart to ß particles ('fragility'), possibly due to H-bond disruption; this is not seen in healthy livers. Glycogen α and ß particles, and α-particle fragility, are observed in mammals and bacteria, and are examined here in the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, with glycogen from two C. elegans strains, cultured in normal and high-glucose conditions. There were mainly ß particles, with some large α particles. Most particles were fragile in DMSO. Growing in a high-glucose medium results in more long chains and more fragility, consistent with previous observations in diabetic animal models. Why high glucose levels facilitate fragility is worthy of further investigation.

8.
Carbohydr Polym ; 237: 116144, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241436

RESUMO

Liver glycogen, a highly branched glucose polymer, is important for blood sugar homeostasis. It comprises α particles which are made of linked ß particles; the molecular structure changes diurnally. In diabetic liver, the α particles are fragile, easily breaking apart into ß particles in chaotropic agents such as dimethyl sulfoxide. We here use size-exclusion chromatography to study how fasting changes liver-glycogen structure in vivo for mice in which type-2 diabetes had previously been induced. Diabetic glycogen degraded enzymatically more quickly in the fasted animals than did glycogen without fasting, with fewer α particles, which however were still fragile. The glycogen had fewer long chains and more shorter chains after fasting. This study gives an overview of the in vivo dynamic changes in α-particles under starvation conditions in both normal and diabetic livers.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(39): 5299-5302, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271333

RESUMO

We report a semiconducting metal-organic graphene analog, Ni3(HITP)2, with an adjustable crystalline structure for mediating efficient selectivity toward hydrogen peroxide. The as-prepared 5-Ni3(HITP)2 catalyst with low crystallinity can electrocatalyze O2 to H2O2 with a high selectivity of 80% over a wide potential range of 0.2-0.6 V vs. RHE and with a large mass activity of 292 A gNi-1 at 0.25 V in 0.1 M KOH.

10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32123887

RESUMO

Many breakthroughs have been achieved in rechargeable aluminum-ion battery technologies in recent years. Most recently, operando X-ray diffraction (XRD) combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations was reported to study the chloroaluminate anion (AlCl4-)-intercalated graphite cathode of the battery. However, there are quite a few discrepancies between the measured and simulated XRD patterns. This work is focused on the simulation of XRD patterns of graphite intercalation compounds (GICs) with DFT calculations. Our results reveal that both the geometry of AlCl4- in graphite and the gallery height of GICs are dependent on the intercalant density. At low intercalant density, the gallery height keeps constant, but at high intercalant densities, the gallery height is linearly related to the intercalant density. Our simulated XRD patterns are highly consistent with the measured operando XRD patterns. Not only do the angles of the peaks match very well, but also the relative intensities and the corresponding electrode capacities show reasonable agreement with the experimental results. The DFT simulation of the XRD pattern provides significant information on the stage index and the charge capacity of the GIC electrode.

11.
Clin Lab ; 66(3)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the clinical value of combined detection of serum tumor markers in lung cancer, including carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA15-3), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1), neuron specific enolase (NSE), and squamous carcinoma antigen (SCCA). METHODS: The expression levels were compared among groups, and the combined effects of these tumor markers in the diagnosis of lung cancer were analyzed. In addition, EGFR gene mutations were detected in some patients with NSCLC. RESULTS: There were 776 patients (age 59.78 ± 10.39 years) with lung cancer and 794 controls (age 58.26 ± 15.73 years) included in our study. In this study, tumor markers were detected in lung cancer patients and controls. Individual sensitivity of the tumor markers sorted in descending order were CEA > CYFRA21-1 > CA15-3 > NSE, and the specificities were NSE > CYFRA21-1 > CEA > CA15-3. The combination of CEA + CA15-3 + CYFRA21-1 + NSE ranked the highest in the sensitivity index (75.00%) and specificity index (98.61%) in lung cancer. In adenocarcinoma, the area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of CEA (0.665) and CYFRA21-1 (0.631) were higher than those of CA15-3 (0.559) and NSE (0.507). In squamous carcinoma, the AUC of CYFRA21-1 (0.722) and SCC (0.628) were higher than those of CEA (0.579), CA15-3 (0.524), and NSE (0.552). In small cell carcinoma, the AUC of NSE (0.654) was higher than those of CEA (0.616), CYFRA21-1 (0.555), and CA15-3 (0.482). CONCLUSIONS: These serum tumor markers are valuable indicators in the clinical use. The combination of tumor markers can be used as a method to improve the effectiveness of clinical diagnosis for lung cancer.

12.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 20(3): 252-257, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on the biological significance of hederagenin-type saponins found in our previous investigation, a series of new hederagenin derivatives were designed and synthesized. METHODS: Their in vitro antiproliferative activities were evaluated against the HepG2 liver cancer cell line and normal cell line L929 by MTT assay. RESULTS: The preliminary bioassay results demonstrated that all the tested compounds 1-7 showed potent anti-hepatoma activities, and some compounds exhibited better effects than 5-fluorouracil against human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell line. Furthermore, compound 5 showed a significant antihepatoma activity against HepG2 cells with an IC50 value of 1.88 µM. Besides, all of the tested compounds showed a low cytotoxic effect against the normal cell line L929. CONCLUSION: All the compounds 1-7 displayed superior selectivity against human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell line, and the results suggest that the structural modifications of C ring on the hederagenin backbone are vital for modulating anti-hepatoma activities.

13.
Hum Hered ; : 1-10, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is necessary to investigate the frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Hakka populations due to the variations in breast cancer epidemiology and genetics. METHODS: 359 breast cancer patients and 66 ovarian cancer patients were included in this retrospective clinical study. Mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 were detected in blood samples by semiconductor sequencing. RESULTS: The sensitivity of tumor markers including CEA, CA15-3, CA12-5, and CA199 for screening breast cancer was 16.44, 15.11, 8.44, and 7.56%, the combination of these 4 tumor markers reached the highest sensitivity index (31.11%). For ovarian cancer, the tumor markers were CA12-5 (54.05%), HE-4 (54.05%), CA72-4 (51.35%), and CEA (2.70%) in order of decreasing sensitivity. Moreover, the combination of these 4 tumor markers has the best sensitivity (75.68%) for screening ovarian cancer. In breast cancer patients, we found 5 (1.39%) patients with mutations in BRCA1, 13 (3.62%) mutations in BRCA2, and the total carrier rate is 5.01% (18/359). For ovarian cancer patients, the corresponding results were 3 (4.54%) mutations, 2 (3.03%) mutations, and 7.58% (5/66), respectively. The proportion of BRCA mutations was 5.41% (23/425) in breast and ovarian cancer patients of a Hakka population. The pathogenic, likely pathogenic, and benign mutations, and mutations of uncertain significance in this study mainly occurred in exon 14 of the BRCA1 gene, and exon 10 and exon 11 of the BRCA2 gene. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the spectrum and frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in a Hakka population will assist in the prevention and control of hereditary breast and ovarian cancers in this population.

14.
FASEB J ; 34(4): 5754-5766, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103545

RESUMO

Lymph node metastasis is associated with tumor relapse and poor patient prognosis in bladder cancer. However, the mechanisms by which bladder carcinoma cells induce lymphangiogenesis and further promote metastasis in the lymphatic system remain unclear. Here, we show that the transcription factor GATA-binding factor 6 (GATA6) was substantially downregulated in bladder cancer via promoter hypermethylation. Low-level GATA6 expression significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis positivity and was able to predict earlier relapse and shorter survival of bladder cancer. Reconstitution of GATA6 inhibited lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis in GATA6-low bladder cancer cells, while silencing of GATA6 rendered lymphatic metastasis in GATA6-high bladder cancer cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that GATA6 bound to the promoter of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, a lymphangiogenic factor, and acted as a transcriptional repressor. This GATA6/VEGF-C axis was essential for GATA6-mediated lymphatic metastasis. In bladder cancer patients, low GATA6 correlated with high VEGF-C and reduced overall survival. These findings indicate GATA6 as a pivotal regulator in the lymphatic dissemination of bladder cancer and suggest a new therapeutic target for the disease.

15.
Biosci Rep ; 40(2)2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, effective and purified ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were extracted to play crucial roles in the treatment of pulmonary diseases. Our previous research focused on TCM drug screening aimed at abnormal airway muscle contraction during respiratory diseases. Coptisine, an effective ingredient extracted from bitter herbs has shown a series of antioxidant, antibacterial, cardioprotective and neuroprotective pharmacological properties. In the current study, we questioned whether coptisine could also participate in asthma treatment through relaxing abnormal contracted mouse airway smooth muscle (ASM). The present study aimed to characterize the relaxant effects of coptisine on mouse ASM and uncover the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: To investigate the role of coptisine on pre-contracted mouse ASM, a series of biological techniques, including force measurement and patch-clamp experiments were employed. RESULTS: Coptisine was found to inhibit high K+ or acetylcholine chloride (ACh)-induced pre-contracted mouse tracheal rings in a dose-dependent manner. Further research demonstrated that the coptisine-induced mouse ASM relaxation was mediated by alteration of calcium mobilization via voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ channels (VDLCCs) and non-selective cation channels (NSCCs). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that mouse ASM could be relaxed by coptisine via altering the intracellular Ca2+ concentration through blocking VDLCCs and NSCCs, which suggested that this pharmacological active constituent might be classified as a potential new drug for the treatment of abnormal airway muscle contraction.

16.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 36(1): 14, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897771

RESUMO

Glycogen is conventionally considered as a transient energy reserve that can be rapidly synthesized for glucose accumulation and mobilized for ATP production. However, this conception is not completely applicable to prokaryotes due to glycogen structural heterogeneity. A number of studies noticed that glycogen with small average chain length gc in bacteria has the potential to degrade slowly, which might prolong bacterial environment survival. This phenomenon was previously examined and later formulated as the durable energy storage mechanism hypothesis. Although recent research has been warming to the hypothesis, experimental validation is still missing at current stage. In this review, we summarized recent progress of the hypothesis, provided a supporting mathematical model, and explored the technical pitfalls that shall be avoided in glycogen study.


Assuntos
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Glucose/metabolismo , Glicogênio/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Bactérias/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Sequência de Carboidratos , Metabolismo Energético , Viabilidade Microbiana , Modelos Teóricos
17.
Invest New Drugs ; 38(2): 350-359, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124054

RESUMO

Intrinsic chemoresistance is the main reason for the failure of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) therapy. To identify the candidate protein, we compared the protein expression profiling of PDAC cells and its distinct surviving cells following primary treatment with gemcitabine (GEM) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by two-dimensional electrophoresis combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry or mass spectrometry. A total of 20 differentially expressed proteins were identified, and annexin A1 (ANXA1) was analyzed for further validation. The functional validation showed that the downregulation of ANXA1 contributes to GEM and 5-FU resistance in PDAC cells through protein kinase C/c-Jun N-terminal kinase/P-glycoprotein signaling pathway. Our findings provide a platform for the further elucidation of the underlying mechanisms of PDAC intrinsic chemoresistance and demonstrated that ANXA1 may be a valid marker for anticancer drug development.

18.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 78(1): 55-64, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696435

RESUMO

Candidate oncogene placenta specific 8 (PLAC8) has been identified to participate in different cellular process and human diseases. However, the effects of PLAC8 on cell proliferation and migration in human kidney cancer (KC) remained unclear. In current study, physiological effects of PLAC8 in immortalized human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK293T) were investigated in vitro. Two PLAC8 knockout (KO) cell lines were established via CRISPR/Cas9-mediated methods combined with fluorescence activated single cell sorting. To classify the characteristic of PLAC8 during cell proliferation and migration in HEK293T, cellular proliferative activity was analyzed by cell counting and colony formation assay. Cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry. Cellular motile activity was analyzed by wound-healing and migration assay. Further underlying molecular mechanism was explored via western blot. With the KO cell lines, it was found that PLAC8 KO could decrease cell proliferation. Moreover, the inhibitory effects of PLAC8 KO on cell proliferation were associated with a G2/M arrest in cell cycle progression concomitant with a remarkable inhibition of Cyclin B1 and elevation of Cyclin A. The alteration of cell cycle proteins and E-cadherin might further associate with the enhancement of cell motility. Our study revealed a novel role for PLAC8 in cell proliferation and migration of HEK293T cells, which might shed light on further study of PLAC8 on human KC.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Proteínas/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Ciclina A/agonistas , Ciclina A/metabolismo , Ciclina B1/antagonistas & inibidores , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , Edição de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular , Proteínas/metabolismo
19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(5): 1361-1371, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work is to develop and validate accurate preoperative nomograms to predict microvascular invasion (MVI) and lymph node metastasis (LNM) in hepatocellular carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 268 patients with resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were divided into a training set (n = 180), in an earlier period, and a validation set (n = 88), thereafter. Risk factors for MVI and LNM were assessed based on logistic regression. Blood signatures were established using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm. Nomograms were constructed by combining risk factors and blood signatures. Performance was evaluated using the training set and validated using the validation set. The clinical values of the nomograms were measured by decision curve analysis. RESULTS: The risk factors for MVI were hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA loading, portal hypertension, Barcelona liver clinic (BCLC) stage, and three computerized tomography (CT) imaging features, namely tumor number, size, and encapsulation, while only BCLC stage, Child-Pugh classification, and tumor encapsulation were associated with LNM. The nomogram incorporating both risk factors and blood signatures achieved better performance in predicting MVI in the training and validation sets (C-indexes of 0.828 and 0.804) than the LNM nomogram (C-indexes of 0.765 and 0.717). Calibration curves also demonstrated a good fit. The decision curves indicate significant clinical usefulness. CONCLUSIONS: The novel validated nomograms for HCC patients presented herein are noninvasive preoperative tools that can effectively predict the individualized risk of MVI and LNM, and this predictive power can aid doctors in explaining the illness for patient counseling.

20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 229: 115526, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826402

RESUMO

Glycogen, a highly-branched glucose polymer, functions as a sugar reservoir in many organs and tissues. Liver glycogen comprises small ß particles which can bind to form into large agglomerates (α particles) which readily degrade to ß particles in diabetic livers. Muscle glycogen has only ß particles, optimal for quick energy release. Healthy kidney contains negligible glycogen, but there is an abnormally high accumulation in diabetic kidneys. We here compare the molecular structure of glycogen in diabetic kidneys with that in liver and muscle, using a diabetic rat model. This involved exploring extraction techniques to minimize glycogen degradation. Using size exclusion chromatography and transmission electron microscopy, it was found that there were only ß particles in diabetic kidneys. These are postulated to form during periods of abnormally high blood sugar, the driving force being the need to reduce blood sugar under such circumstances.


Assuntos
Glicogênio/química , Rim/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Cromatografia em Gel , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Glicogênio Hepático/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Ratos
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