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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 109, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) have been explored in many cancer processes. Moesin, as its component, has also been found to play an important role in the prognosis of cancer patients, tumor metastasis, drug resistance, and others. Especially in regulating the immunity, but most results came from direct studies on immune cells, there is no clear conclusion on whether moesin has similar effects in tumor cells. And moesin has certain research results in many cancers in other aspects, but there are few about moesin in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: We detect the expression of moesin in 82 LUAD and matched normal tissue samples by immunohistochemistry. Besides, for the pathological feature, we did a detailed statistical analysis. And with the help of various databases, we have done in-depth exploration of moesin's ability to enhance the extent of immune lymphocyte infiltration. RESULTS: Moesin is a poor expression in lung cancer tissues than the corresponding normal samples. And this phenomenon had a strongly associated with the prognosis and TNM stage of these LUAD patients. Moesin can enhance the infiltration of multiple immune lymphocytes in lung cancer. And this may be related to the interaction between moesin and various inflammatory molecules. CONCLUSIONS: Moesin is a newly index for the prognosis of LUAD and improves the prognosis of LUAD patients by regulating a variety of inflammation-related molecules to enhance immune lymphocytes infiltration.

2.
J Neural Eng ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Error-related potentials (ErrPs) are spontaneous electroencephalogram (EEG) signals related to the awareness of erroneous responses within brain domain. Many studies on ErrPs detection are mostly conducted under offline conditions with poor classification accuracy and the error rates of ErrPs are preset in advance. In order to solve these problems, a novel method based on adaptive autoregressive (AAR) model and common spatial pattern (CSP) is proposed for ErrPs feature extraction. In addition, an adaptive threshold classification method based spectral regression discriminant analysis is suggested for class-unbalanced ErrPs data to reduce the false positives and false negatives. APPROACH: As for ErrPs feature extraction, the AAR coefficients in the temporal domain and CSP in the spatial domain are fused. Given that the performance of different subjects' MI tasks is different but stable, and the samples of ErrPs are class-imbalanced, an adaptive threshold based spectral regression discriminant analysis (SRDA) is suggested for classification. Two datasets are used in this paper. MAIN RESULTS: The experimental results on the CNBI dataset show that the average accuracy and false positive rate for ErrPs detection are 94.1% and 8.1%, which outperforms methods using features extracted from a single domain. What's more, although the ErrPs induction rate is affected by the performance of subjects' MI-BCI tasks, experimental results on data recorded in the self-designed system prove that the ErrPs classification algorithm based on an adaptive threshold is robust under different ErrPs data distributions. Compared with two other methods, the proposed algorithm has advantages in all three measures which are accuracy, F1-score and false positive rate. Finally, ErrPs detection results were used to prevent wrong actions in a MI-BCI experiment, and it leads to a reduction of the hybrid BCI error rate from 48.9% to 24.3% in online tests. SIGNIFICANCE: Both the AAR-CSP fused feature extraction and the adaptive threshold based SRDA classification methods suggested in our work are efficient in improving the ErrPs detection accuracy and reducing the false positives. In addition, by introducing ErrPs to multi-class MI-BCIs, the MI decoding results can be corrected after ErrPs is detected to avoid executing wrong instructions, thereby improving the BCI accuracy and lays the foundation for using MI-BCIs in practical applications.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most general, chronic, and progressive neurodegenerative senile disorder characterized clinically by progressive cognitive deterioration and memory impairment. Neoline is effective against neuropathic pain models, but the effects of neoline against AD-like phenotypes have not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We offer the investigation of the effects of neoline in AD. METHODS: In this study, a Tg-APPswe/PS1dE9 AD mouse model was treated orally with neoline at a concentration of 0.5 mg/kg or 0.1 mg/kg starting at 7.5 months and administered for three months, and its anti-AD effects were evaluated. RESULTS: Neoline improved memory and cognition impairments and reduced the number of amyloid-beta plaque and the amount of amyloid-ß in the brain of AD mice. Furthermore, neoline reduced the anxiety behavior in the AD mouse model. The chronic administration of neoline also induced AMPK phosphorylation and decreased tau, amyloid-ß, and BACE1 expression in the hippocampus. These findings indicate that chronic administration of neoline has therapeutic effects via AMPK activation, and BACE1 downregulation resulted in a decrease in the amyloid-ß levels in the brain of Tg-APPswe/PS1dE9 AD mice. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that neoline is a therapeutic agent for the cure of neurodegenerative diseases like AD.

4.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 114, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have examined the association between mold exposure and childhood asthma. However, the conclusions were inconsistent, which might be partly attributable to the lack of consideration of gene function, especially the key genes affecting the pathogenesis of childhood asthma. Research on the interactions between genes and mold exposure on childhood asthma is still very limited. We therefore examined whether there is an interaction between inflammation-related genes and mold exposure on childhood asthma. METHODS: A case-control study with 645 asthmatic children and 910 non-asthmatic children aged 3-12 years old was conducted. Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in inflammation-related genes were genotyped using MassARRAY assay. Mold exposure was defined as self-reported visible mold on the walls. Associations between visible mold exposure, SNPs and childhood asthma were evaluated using logistic regression models. In addition, crossover analyses were used to estimate the gene-environment interactions on childhood asthma on an additive scale. RESULTS: After excluding children without information on visible mold exposure or SNPs, 608 asthmatic and 839 non-asthmatic children were included in the analyses. Visible mold exposure was reported in 151 asthmatic (24.8%) and 119 non-asthmatic children (14.2%) (aOR 2.19, 95% CI 1.62-2.97). The rs7216389 SNP in gasdermin B gene (GSDMB) increased the risk of childhood asthma with each C to T substitution in a dose-dependent pattern (additive model, aOR 1.32, 95% CI 1.11-1.57). Children carrying the rs7216389 T allele and exposed to visible mold dramatically increased the risk of childhood asthma (aOR 3.21; 95% CI 1.77-5.99). The attributable proportion due to the interaction (AP: 0.47, 95% CI 0.03-0.90) and the relative excess risk due to the interaction (RERI: 1.49, 95% CI 0-2.99) were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, there was a significant additive interaction between visible mold exposure and rs7216389 SNP on childhood asthma. Future studies need to consider the gene-environment interactions when exploring the risk factors of childhood asthma.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829316

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ground glass opacity (GGO) nodules were found incidentally by computed tomography (CT) scan in some teenagers, which turned out to be lung cancer. The purpose of this study is to summarize the characteristics of teenage patients with GGO featured lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients aging from 13 to 20 who were incidentally diagnosed with lung cancer were reviewed between February 2015 to December 2020. The clinical, radiological and pathological characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 12 patients were included. All of them were diagnosed as GGO featured lung cancer through CT scan, with no presenting symptom. The median surveillance before surgery was 5.5 months, and none of these GGO lesions enlarged or altered in the property during the surveillance. The mean tumor diameter was 0.93 ± 0.25 cm. Ten patients underwent wedge resection by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), 9 of which were minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and 1 of which were invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) in the pathological analysis. One patient underwent VATS left-upper sublobectomy, pathologically diagnosed as MIA and 1 patient underwent VATS left-upper lobectomy with systematic mediastinal lymphadenectomy, pathologically diagnosed as IAC. The median postoperative hospital stay was 3 days. All patients survived without recurrence during a median follow-up of 12.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: GGO nodules could be a sign of early-stage teenage lung adenocarcinoma. We proposed a screening strategy with long intervals based on a baseline CT scan for the teenage population, and a treatment strategy for diagnosed teenage patients.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 6525-6553, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690171

RESUMO

The present study was designed to update the knowledge about hypoxia-related multi-omic molecular landscape in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Large-size HCC datasets from multiple centers were collected. The hypoxia exposure of tumor tissue from patients in 10 HCC cohorts was estimated using a novel HCC-specific hypoxia score system constructed in our previous study. A comprehensive bioinformatical analysis was conducted to compare hypoxia-associated multi-omic molecular features in patients with a high hypoxia score to a low hypoxia score. We found that patients with different exposure to hypoxia differed significantly in transcriptomic, genomic, epigenomic, and proteomic alterations, including differences in mRNA, microRNA (miR), and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression, differences in copy number alterations (CNAs), differences in DNA methylation levels, differences in RNA alternative splicing events, and differences in protein levels. HCC survival- associated molecular events were identified. The potential correlation between molecular features related to hypoxia has also been explored, and various networks have been constructed. We revealed a particularly comprehensive hypoxia-related molecular landscape in tumor tissues that provided novel evidence and perspectives to explain the role of hypoxia in HCC. Clinically, the data obtained from the present study may enable the development of individualized treatment or management strategies for HCC patients with different levels of hypoxia exposure.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 769: 144713, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736243

RESUMO

Marine shipping emissions exert important air quality and climate impacts. This study characterized the ambient pollutants predominant by emissions from a variety of marine vessel types near the mid-latitude East China Sea. Two discernible primary shipping emissions were identified by factorization analysis on detailed mass spectra of organic aerosol (OA), as emissions in maneuvering and cruise, highly linked with NOx (and less oxidized OA, black carbon, BC) or CO (and more oxidized OA), respectively. Using radio-recorded quantities and activities of 3566 vessels mixed with slow and high-speed diesel engines, we found emission of NOx or BC per vessel was positively correlated with vessel speed, while CO emission peaked at moderate speed. The approach here based on vessel operation mode directly linked the vessel activities to ambient concentrations of pollutants from marine shipping emission, and may synthesize the complex vessel types in shipping emission inventory.

8.
Life Sci ; 276: 119402, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785335

RESUMO

In our previous study, we observed that donor pulmonary intravascular nonclassical monocytes play a major role in early PGF, but the specific mechanism remained unclear. In this study, we investigated the mechanistic role of monocytes in inducing pyroptosis of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) during IRI. A murine hilar ligation model of IRI was utilized whereby left lungs underwent 1 h of ischemia and 23 h of reperfusion. Monocyte depletion by intraperitoneal clodronate-liposome treatment on pulmonary edema and pyroptosis activation were determined. In vitro experiments, we performed the co-culture experiments under hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) conditions to mimic the IRI environment. We monitored the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß in co-cultures of monocytes (U937 cells) and HPMECs under H/R conditions. NLRP3, IL-1ß and IL-1R siRNA knockdown, caspase-1 and NF-κB pathway inhibitors were employed to elucidate the mechanism modulating HPMEC pyroptosis during H/R. Treatment of mice with clodronate-liposome attenuated IR-induced pulmonary edema, cytokine production and pyroptosis activation. In vitro, NLRP3 knockdown in monocytes reduced caspase-1 and IL-1ß secretion in co-cultures of monocytes and HPMECs. Reduced HPMEC pyroptosis was also observed either containing HPMECs with genetically engineered IL-1R knockdown or in co-culture treated with a Triplotide inhibitor that disrupts NF-κB signaling. Monocytes play a vital role in the development of transplant-associated ischemia-reperfusion injury. A potential role is that monocytes secrete IL-1ß to induce HPMEC pyroptosis via the IL-1R/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway.

9.
Biointerphases ; 16(2): 021001, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706530

RESUMO

Bioinspired structure adhesives have received increasing interest for many applications, such as climbing robots and medical devices. Inspired by the closely packed keratin nanopillars on the toe pads of tree frogs, tightly arranged polycaprolactone nanorod arrays are prepared by mold process and chemical modification. Nanorod arrays show enhanced adhesion and friction on both smooth and rough surfaces compared to the arrays with hexagonal micropillars. The bonding of nanorods results in a larger stiffness of the nanorod surface, contributing mainly to friction rather than adhesion. The results suggest the function of closely packed keratin nanopillars on the toe pad of tree frogs and offer a guiding principle for the designing of new structured adhesives with strong attaching abilities.

10.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of high suspension and low incision (HSLI) surgery on mixed haemorrhoids, compared with Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy. METHODS: A multi-centre, randomized, single-blind, non-inferiority clinical trial was performed. Participants with mixed haemorrhoids from Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing Rectum Hospital, Air Force Medical Center of People's Liberation Army of China, and Puyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were enrolled from September 2016 to March 2018. By using a blocked randomization scheme, participants were assigned to two groups. The experimental group was treated with HSLI, while the control group was treated with Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy. The primary outcome was the clinical effect evaluated at 12 weeks after operation. The secondary outcomes included the number of haemorrhoids treated during the operation, pain scores, use of analgesics, postoperative oedema, wound healing, incidence of anal stenosis, anorectal manometry after operation, as well as surgical duration, length of stay and total hospitalization expenses. A safety evaluation was also conducted. RESULTS: In total, 246 eligible participants were enrolled, with 123 cases in each group. There was no significant difference in the clinical effect between the two groups (100.00% vs. 99.19%, P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of external haemorrhoids treated during the operation and the pain scores after operation were significantly reduced in the experimental group (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the patient number with wound healing at 2 weeks after operation and the functional length of anal canal at 12 weeks after operation were significantly increased in the experimental group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of anal stenosis, the numbers of patients using analgesics and patients with postoperative oedema between the two groups after operation (P>0.05). The surgical duration and length of stay in the experimental group were significantly longer than those in the control group, and the total hospitalization expense was significantly higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05). No adverse events were reported in either group during the whole trial or follow-up period. CONCLUSION: HSLI had the advantages of preserving the skin of anal canal completely, alleviating postsurgical pain and promoting rapid recovery after operation. (Registration No. ChiCTR1900022883).

11.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This phase 3 study aimed to test equivalence in efficacy and safety for QL1101, a bevacizumab analogue in Chinese patients with untreated locally advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Eligible patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive carboplatin and paclitaxel in combination with either QL1101 or bevacizumab, 15 mg/kg every 3-week for 6 cycles. This was followed by maintenance treatment with single agent QL1101 every 3-week. The primary end-point was objective response rate (ORR), with secondary end-points being progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), disease control rate (DCR), and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Of 675 patients, 535 eligible patients were randomized to the QL1101 group (n = 269) and bevacizumab group (n = 266). ORRs were 52.8% and 56.8%, respectively, for the QL1101 and bevacizumab groups, with an ORR hazard ratio 0.93 (95% confidence interval: 0.8-0131.1). The PFS, OS, DCR, and AEs were comparable between the 2 groups, which remained the same after stratification according to epidermal growth factor receptor mutation or smoking history. CONCLUSIONS: QL1101 showed similar efficacy and safety profiles as compared to bevacizumab among Chinese patients with untreated locally advanced non-squamous NSCLC.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 630-634, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645029

RESUMO

A new taraxer-based triterpenoid ester, taraxer-14-en-30-al-3ß-O-palmitate(1), was isolated from the whole plant of Wedelia trilobata, along with six known compounds, ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid(2), 16α-hydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid(3), tara-xerol(4), ß-amyrin(5), 1ß-acetoxy-4α, 9α-dihydroxy-6ß-isobutyroxyprostatolide(6), and stigmasterol(7). Their structures were elucidated with use of a combination of spectroscopic techniques(IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1 D, 2 D NMR data) and chemical methods.


Assuntos
Triterpenos , Wedelia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular
13.
J Int Med Res ; 49(3): 300060521997618, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730893

RESUMO

Electrical storm is a life-threatening emergency condition defined as three or more episodes of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VF) within 24 hours requiring anti-tachycardia therapy, electrical cardioversion, or defibrillation. However, studies of the incidence of electrical storm after chronic total occlusion-percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI) are limited,7 and post-procedural VF after revascularization of CTO has not been described. The purpose of this article was to present a case of post-operative VF electrical storm after revascularization of CTO of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery to determine whether the electrical storm was caused by reperfusion arrhythmia or compromise of either branch vessels or the collateral circulation during intervention.

14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 338: 109427, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639173

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and inflammation are implicated in the occurrence and progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Diphenyl diselenide (DPDS) is a stable and simple diaryl diselenide with anti-hyperglycemic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities. However, the effects of DPDS on DN are still unclear to date. Herein, we aimed to explore whether DPDS could improve renal dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and its underlying mechanisms. STZ-induced DN rats were administered with DPDS (5 or 15 mg/kg) or metformin (200 mg/kg) once daily by intragastric gavage for 12 weeks. DPDS supplementation significantly improved hyperglycemia, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, and the renal pathological abnormalities, concurrent with significantly reduced serum levels of creatinine, urea nitrogen, urine volume, and urinary levels of micro-albumin, ß2-microglobulin and N-acetyl-glucosaminidase activities. Moreover, DPDS effectively promoted the activities of antioxidant enzymes, and reduced the levels of MDA and pro-inflammatory factors in serum and the kidney. Furthermore, DPDS supplementation activated the renal Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway, but attenuated the high phosphorylation levels of NFκB, JNK, p38 and ERK1/2. Altogether, the current study indicated for the first time that DPDS ameliorated STZ-induced renal dysfunction in rats, and its mechanism of action may be attributable to suppressing oxidative stress via activating the renal Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway and mitigating inflammation by suppressing the renal NFκB/MAPK signaling pathways, suggesting a potential therapeutic approach for DN.


Assuntos
Derivados de Benzeno/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organosselênicos/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Derivados de Benzeno/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Compostos Organosselênicos/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estreptozocina
15.
J Prosthodont ; 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639017

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the buccal bone thickness of immediate implant placement with buccal bone augmentation in patients with a thin buccal plate in the esthetic zone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients requiring a single tooth replacement in the anterior maxillary zone with a thin plate (<1 mm) were included and received immediate implant placement with narrow-diameter implants. Patients received buccal bone augmentation (both internal and external socket bone grafting) with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and an absorbable membrane. The final restoration was delivered after 8 months. Cone-beam CT scans were performed before surgery (CBCT0), immediately after surgery (CBCT1), at final restoration delivery (CBCT2), and at 1-year follow-up after the final restoration (CBCT3) to evaluate the buccal bone thickness and ridge width. A repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons were applied for statistical analysis of changes within different time points (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Fifteen of the 18 enrolled patients were available for analysis at the 1-year follow-up after final restoration. The mean buccal bone thickness at 2 mm apical to the implant-abutment junction (IAJ-2) were 3.59 mm (range: 3.04-4.58 mm), 2.79 mm (range: 2.25-3.78 mm), and 2.52 mm (range: 1.72-3.36 mm), respectively, at CBCT1, CBCT2, and CBCT3. A statistical significance was observed for buccal bone thickness change between CBCT1 and CBCT2 at IAJ-2 (F = 17.948, p = 0.001). The net gains of the ridge width from CBCT0 to CBCT1, CBCT1 to CBCT2, and CBCT2 to CBCT3 were 1.08 mm, -0.94 mm and -0.04 mm at 4 mm apical to the cementum-enamel junction, respectively. No statistical significance was observed for the change in ridge width from CBCT0 to CBCT3 (F = 10.518, p = 1.000). CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous buccal bone augmentation may maintain a predictable buccal bone thickness for immediate implant placement in the maxillary anterior sites with a thin buccal plate (<1 mm) at 1-year follow-up after final restoration.

16.
Kidney Int ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581198

RESUMO

The explosive growth of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, especially deep learning methods, has been translated at revolutionary speed to efforts in AI-assisted healthcare. New applications of AI to renal pathology have recently become available, driven by the successful AI deployments in digital pathology. However, synergetic developments of renal pathology and AI require close interdisciplinary collaborations between computer scientists and renal pathologists. Computer scientists should understand that not every AI innovation is translatable to renal pathology, while renal pathologists should capture high-level principles of the relevant AI technologies. Herein, we provide an integrated review on current and possible future applications in AI-assisted renal pathology, by including perspectives from computer scientists and renal pathologists. First, the standard stages, from data collection to analysis, in full-stack AI-assisted renal pathology studies are reviewed. Second, representative renal pathology-optimized AI techniques are introduced. Last, we review current clinical AI applications, as well as promising future applications with the recent advances in AI.

17.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 86-93, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600527

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Gingiva-resident memory B cells found recently in healthy periodontal tissue may play important roles in maintaining homeostasis against bacterial plaque. Whether resident memory B cells exist in healthy peri-implant tissue and how they respond in peri-implantitis lesions are of interest. The aim of this study was to preliminarily investigate whether memory B cell activities are related to inflamed or healthy peri-implant status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with peri-implantitis or healed implants were recruited. The gingiva samples were collected and divided into inflamed (n = 4), treated (n = 4), and healed (n = 3) groups, followed by a flow cytometry analysis staining with CD3, CD19, CD27, CD38, and RANKL. The biopsy samples were also cryo-embedded for immunofluorescent double staining of CD19 and CD27. RESULTS: CD27+ CD38+ ASC comprised 83.3% ± 3.3% of the total B cells in the inflamed group, and this proportion in the treated group was reduced to 44.5% ± 13.4%. The proportion of CD27+ CD3+ T cells was found to be unchanged between the inflamed and treated groups. Immunofluorescent staining indicated that CD19+ CD27+ population infiltrated peri-implant connective tissue. RANKL was expressed by almost all B cells and a portion of T cells in the inflamed group, while the proportions of RANKL+ B and T cells were significantly reduced in the treated group. Barely any memory B cells were detected in the healed group. CONCLUSION: Memory B cells were markedly activated in peri-implantitis and responded to the suprastructure removal treatment. The lack of gingiva-resident memory B cells in the clinically healed implants serves as a hint for the weakness of peri-implant tissue against bacterial plaque.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Linfócitos B , Gengiva , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
18.
Head Neck ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minor salivary gland cancer (MiSGC) is a group of tumors with varied disease course in the head and neck. We evaluated the risk of a second primary malignancy (SPM) in MiSGC patients and identified possible prognostic factors for survival using a large population database. METHODS: We used the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data to evaluate the risk and prognosis of SPM in patients diagnosed with MiSGC. RESULTS: The risk of SPM increased in MiSGC patients compared with the endemic rate. The risk of SPM was slightly greater in female patients and who underwent radiotherapy. Age at primary diagnosis, sex, race, year of diagnosis, SEER stage, radiotherapy, SPM, histology, and tumor site were significant survival prognostic indicators of MiSGC patients. CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy and female sex were risk factors for SPM after MiSGC. Long-term surveillance for SPM was important in MiSGC patients.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 590: 50-59, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524720

RESUMO

Poor room-temperature ionic conductivity and lithium dendrite formation are the main issues of solid electrolytes. In this work, rod-shaped alumina incorporation and graphite coating were simultaneously applied to poly (propylene carbonate) (PPC)-based polymer solid electrolytes (Wang et al., 2018). The obtained alumina modified solid electrolyte membrane (Al-SE) achieves a high ionic conductivity of 3.48 × 10-4 S/cm at room temperature with a wide electrochemical window of 4.6 V. The assembled NCM622/Al-SE/Li solid-state battery exhibits initial discharge capacities of 198.2 mAh/g and 177.5 mAh/g at the current density of 0.1 C and 0.5 C, with the remaining capacities of 165.8 mAh/g and 161.3 mAh/g after 100 cycles respectively. The rod-shaped structure of Al2O3 provides fast transport channels for lithium ions and its Lewis acidity promotes the dissociation of lithium salts and release of free lithium ions. The lithiophilic Al2O3 and Graphite form intimate contact with metallic Li and create fast Li+ conductive layers of Li-Al-O layer and LiC6 layer, thus facilitating the uniform deposition of Li and inhibiting Li dendrite formation during long-term cycling. This kind of composite Al-SE is expected to provide a promising alternative for practical application in solid electrolytes.

20.
Sci Adv ; 7(6)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547078

RESUMO

Spatial patterning is a fascinating theme in both theoretical and experimental ecology. It reveals resilience and stability to withstand external disturbances and environmental stresses. However, existing studies mainly focus on well-developed persistent patterns rather than transient patterns in self-organizing ecosystems. Here, combining models and experimental evidence, we show that transient fairy circle patterns in intertidal salt marshes can both infer the underlying ecological mechanisms and provide a measure of resilience. The models based on sulfide accumulation and nutrient depletion mechanisms reproduced the field-observed fairy circles, providing a generalized perspective on the emergence of transient patterns in salt marsh ecosystems. Field experiments showed that nitrogen fertilization mitigates depletion stress and shifts plant growth from negative to positive in the center of patches. Hence, nutrient depletion plays an overriding role, as only this process can explain the concentric rings. Our findings imply that the emergence of transient patterns can identify the ecological processes underlying pattern formation and the factors determining the ecological resilience of salt marsh ecosystems.

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