Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 585
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 836: 155618, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513150

RESUMO

Little evidence is available regarding the impact of different sizes of inhaled particulate matter (PM) on inflammatory responses in healthy young adults in connection with toxicological responses. We conducted a five-time repeated measurement panel study on 88 healthy young college students in Guangzhou, China from December 2017 to January 2018. Blood samples were collected from each participant and tested for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels every week for 5 consecutive weeks. Mass concentrations of ambient PM2.5, PM1, PM0.5 and number concentrations of ambient PM0.1 were measured. RAW 264.7 macrophages were exposed to PM (PM10-2.5, PM2.5-1, PM1-0.2, PM0.2) collected at the same time as the panel study. Cytotoxicity, oxidation and inflammatory parameters, cell cycle and genotoxicity were tested. Particles were characterized for their chemical composition. The trends of associations between PM2.5, PM1, PM0.5 and TNF-α level were consistent in lag 0 and 3 days, and the relative risk decreased as the particle size decreased. All the ambient air pollutants had the similar change trends in lag 1, 4 and 5 days. Similar results in RAW 264.7 macrophages were found; PM10-2.5 induced the greatest TNF-α and macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2) productions and oxidative damage. PM1-0.2 and PM0.2 induced more significant dose-dependent increases of cell cycle and genotoxic response. In the component concentrations of PM samples, metal elements were PM10-2.5 > PM2.5-1 > PM0.2 ≥ PM1-0.2; ions and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were PM0.2 > PM1-0.2 > PM2.5-1 > PM10-2.5. Our results suggested that exposure to all particle sizes was significantly associated with inflammation among healthy young adults and toxicological responses in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Different human and toxicological reactions caused by PM samples indicated the importance of investigating various particle sizes.

2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(5): e2213247, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594042

RESUMO

Importance: Healthy sleep has an important role in the physical and mental health of children. However, few studies have investigated the association between outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) and sleep disorders in children. Objective: To explore the associations between outdoor ALAN exposure and sleep disorders in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cross-sectional study, part of the National Chinese Children Health Study, was conducted from April 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in the first stage and from May 1, 2016, to May 31, 2018, in the second stage in 55 districts of 14 cities in China. This analysis included 201 994 children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 years. Data were analyzed from February 20 to March 21, 2022. Exposures: Outdoor ALAN exposure (in nanowatts per centimeters squared per steradian) within 500 m of each participant's residential address obtained from the satellite imagery data, with a resolution of approximately 500 m. Main Outcomes and Measures: Sleep disorders were measured by the Chinese version of the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Generalized linear mixed models were used to estimate the associations of outdoor ALAN with sleep scores and sleep disorders. Results: The study included 201 994 children and adolescents (mean [SD] age, 11.3 [3.2] years; 106 378 boys [52.7%]), 7166 (3.5%) of whom had sleep disorder symptoms. Outdoor ALAN exposure of study participants ranged from 0.02 to 113.48 nW/cm2/sr. Compared with the lowest quintile (Q1) of outdoor ALAN exposure, higher quintiles of exposure (Q2-Q5) were associated with an increase in total sleep scores of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.66-0.96) in Q2, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.68-0.97) in Q3, 0.62 (95% CI, 0.46-0.77) in Q4, and 0.53 (95% CI, 0.36-0.70) in Q5. Higher quintiles of exposure were also associated with odds ratios for sleep disorder of 1.34 (95% CI, 1.23-1.45) in Q2, 1.43 (95% CI, 1.32-1.55) in Q3, 1.31 (95% CI, 1.21-1.43) in Q4, and 1.25 (95% CI, 1.14-1.38) in Q5. Similar associations were observed for sleep disorder subtypes. In addition, greater effect estimates were found among children younger than 12 years. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this cross-sectional study suggest that sleep disorders are more prevalent among children residing in areas with high levels of outdoor ALAN and the associations are generally stronger in children younger than 12 years. These findings further suggest that effective control of outdoor ALAN may be an important measure for improving the quality of children's sleep.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
3.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-17, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473482

RESUMO

Bibliotherapy is an important part of art therapy and many publications regarding bibliotherapy have been published in the past. However, there has none about the scientometric study to systematically analyze the development and emerging research trends on bibliotherapy. Therefore, we performed a scientometric investigation to describe trends of this theme. All publications related to bibliotherapy published from 1980 to 2020 were identified and selected from Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Arts & Humanities Citation Index of Web of Science Core Collection. VOSviewer was used to create collaborative network plots of countries, institutions, and authors and to perform cluster analysis of keywords. A total of 703 articles were searched, and we retrieved the 100 most cited articles published by 146 institutions from 15 countries in 57 academic journals. The United States occupied a leading position in the field of bibliotherapy and Linköping University was the most productive institution. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology was the most productive journal. Andersson G, Carlbring P, and Cuijpers P may have an important influence on bibliotherapy research. The applications in depression, anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia, and aphasia are the hot themes. This scientometric review provided a comprehensive understanding of the bibliotherapy research using quantitative and qualitative methods, which can provide references for researchers in the bibliotherapy field. As investigators continue to work, we look forward to the development of bibliotherapy efficacy and the implementation form and steps.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202204411, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481661

RESUMO

The minimization of thermal quenching, which leads to luminescence loss at high temperatures, is one of the most important issues for near-infrared phosphors. In the present work, we investigated the properties of near-infrared Ca(Sc,Mg)(Al, Si)O6 : Cr3+ phosphors with a pyroxene-type structure under blue light excitation. The CaScAlSiO6 : Cr3+ end member of Ca(Sc,Mg)(Al,Si)O6 : Cr3+ phosphor led to broadband emission at a full-width half maximum of 215 nm, whereas the CaMgSi2 O6 : Cr3+ end member exhibited high thermal stability at 150 °C, with an intensity of 88.4 % of that at room temperature. The structural analysis and density functional theory calculations revealed the absence of soft conformations and local space confinement contributed to the high structural rigidity and weakened the thermal quenching effect.

5.
J Int Med Res ; 50(4): 3000605221081725, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between on-treatment platelet reactivity (TPR) and long-term outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and thrombocytopenia (TP) in the real world. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) that underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients with ACS and TP under dual antiplatelet therapy were selected for analysis. The 2- and 5-year clinical outcomes were evaluated among patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR), low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) and normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR), as tested by thromboelastogram at baseline. RESULTS: A total of 10 724 patients with CAD that underwent PCI were identified. Of these, 474 patients with ACS and TP met the inclusion criteria: 124 (26.2%) with HTPR, 163 (34.4%) with LTPR and 187 (39.5%) with NTPR. The 5-year rates of all-cause death, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and bleeding were not significantly different among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that patients with HTPR were not independently associated with any of the 5-year endpoints compared with patients with NTPR. CONCLUSIONS: TPR at baseline was not independently associated with long-term outcomes in patients with ACS and TP that underwent PCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Trombocitopenia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Plaquetas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Oncol ; 2022: 1192368, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401747

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the combined application value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-L3 and Golgi protein (GP)-73 in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer. Methods: The data of 200 patients with suspected liver cancer admitted to our hospital from February 2020 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 100 cases in each group. The experimental group received a combined detection of MRI with serum AFP-L3 and GP-73, and the control group adopted traditional diagnostic methods (spiral computed tomography and serum AFP). The diagnostic yields of the two groups were compared. Surgical resection was performed after the diagnosis of primary liver cancer, and the correlation between the efficacy and combined detection of MRI with serum AFP-L3 and GP-73 levels was analyzed. Results: The two groups presented comparable general information (P >0.05). The surgical results showed 160 cases of primary liver cancer, including 75 cases in the experimental group and 85 cases in the control group, and 40 cases of benign liver lesions. The diagnostic accuracy of the experimental group (73/75, 95%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (76/85, 86%) (P < 0.05). The serum levels of AFP-L3, GP-73, and AFP in patients with primary liver cancer were remarkably decreased after surgery (P < 0.001). The preoperative and postoperative AFP-L3, GP-73, and AFP levels of patients with primary liver cancer were significantly higher than those of patients with benign liver lesions. The AUC (95% CI) for the combined detection of MRI and serum AFP-L3 and GP-73 levels in patients with surgically confirmed primary liver cancer was 0.747 (0.619-0.874). Conclusion: MRI combined with serum AFP-L3 and GP-73 presents favorable diagnostic efficiency in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.

7.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 15: 823-837, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411196

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic motivated people to stay at home to reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection and community transmission, but limited research has investigated the behavioral mechanisms underlying home quarantine. Methods: Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this study explored the mediating role of intention toward home quarantine and the moderating role of nationality among attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. A total of 827 college students from the United States and China were recruited to complete an online survey. Results: The results of structural equation modeling showed that antecedents (ie, attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) could predict actual home-quarantine behavior through the role of intention. Notably, the relation between both attitude and intention and perceived behavioral control and intention were moderated by nationality. Specifically, attitude was a stronger predictor of intention for American participants than for Chinese participants; however, perceived behavioral control was a stronger predictor of intention for Chinese participants. Conclusion: These findings reveal the internal mechanism of home-quarantine behavior and the heterogeneous explanations attributed to cultural diversity during the pandemic, which not only expands the application of TPB but also provides a reference for infectious disease mitigation in the field of public health policy.

8.
Chemosphere ; 297: 134234, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259355

RESUMO

It has been reported that exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonates (PFOS) causes behavioral abnormalities in zebrafish larvae, but the possible mechanisms underlying these changes remain unexplored. In this study, zebrafish embryos (2 h postfertilization, 2-hpf) were exposed to PFOS at different concentrations (0, 0.032, 0.32 and 3.2 mg/L) for 120 h. Developmental endpoints and the locomotion behavior of larvae were evaluated. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, dopamine contents, several genes and proteins related to neurodevelopment and dopamine signaling were examined. Our results indicate that increased ROS levels in the zebrafish larvae heads may be causally associated with neurodevelopment damage. Meanwhile, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and alpha1-Tubulin (α1-Tubulin) protein contents were significantly increased, which may be a compensatory mechanism for the impaired central nervous system. PFOS-induced locomotor hyperactivity was observed in the first light phase and dark phase at the 0.32 and 3.2 mg/L of PFOS. Upregulation of dopamine-related genes tyrosine hydroxylase (th) and dopamine transporter (dat) associated with increased dopamine contents in the 3.2 mg/L of PFOS. In addition, protein expression of TH and DAT were noted at the 0.32 and 3.2 mg/L of PFOS concentrations. Our results suggested that PFOS induces neurobehavioral changes in zebrafish larvae, possibly by perturbing a dopamine signaling pathway. In addition, PFOS induced development damage, such as increased malformation rate and shorter body length.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Fluorcarbonetos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/toxicidade , Animais , Dopamina/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Fluorcarbonetos/metabolismo , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Larva/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
9.
Environ Int ; 163: 107179, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325771

RESUMO

Experimental evidence has shown that per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) alternatives and mixtures may exert hepatotoxic effects in animals. However, epidemiological evidence is limited. This research aimed to explore associations of PFAS and the alternatives with liver function in a general adult population. The study participants consisted of 1,303 adults from a community-based cross-sectional investigation in Guangzhou, China, from November 2018 to August 2019. We selected 13 PFAS with detection rates > 85% in serum samples and focused on perfluorooctane-sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and their alternatives [6:2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (6:2 Cl-PFESA), 8:2 Cl-PFESA, and perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA)] as predictors of outcome. Six liver function biomarkers (ALB, ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, and DBIL) were chosen as outcomes. We applied regression models with restricted cubic spline function to explore correlations between single PFAS and liver function and inspected the combined effect of PFAS mixtures on liver by applying Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR). We discovered positive associations among PFAS and liver function biomarkers except for ALP. For example, compared with the 25th percentile of PFAS concentration, the level of ALT increased by 12.36% (95% CI: 7.91%, 16.98%) for ln-6:2 Cl-PFESA, 5.59% (95% CI: 2.35%, 8.92%) for ln-8:2 Cl-PFESA, 3.56% (95% CI: -0.39%, 7.68%) for ln-PFHxA, 13.91% (95% CI: 8.93%, 19.13%) for ln-PFOA, and 14.25% (95% CI: 9.91%, 18.77%) for ln-PFOS at their 75th percentile. In addition, higher exposed serum PFAS was found to be correlated with greater odds of abnormal liver function. Analysis from BKMR models also showed an adverse association between PFAS mixtures and liver function. The combined effect of the PFAS mixture appeared to be non-interactive, in which PFOS was the main contributor to the overall effect. Our findings provide evidence of associations between PFAS alternatives, PFAS mixtures, and liver function in the general adult population.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorcarbonetos , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/toxicidade , Teorema de Bayes , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Humanos , Fígado/química
10.
Inflammopharmacology ; 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35290552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adjunctive melatonin supplementation on clinical outcomes after non-surgical periodontal treatment. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of melatonin adjuvant therapy for periodontitis from inception until May 2021. The systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and registered on The International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) (CRD42021250630). The risk of bias of included studies was assessed according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The pooled effect estimates were calculated by a random-effects model, and results were expressed as weighted mean differences (WMD). RESULTS: Seven RCTs comprising 412 participants were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that adjuvant use of melatonin for non-surgical periodontal treatment significantly improved the probing depth (PD) [WMD = - 1.18, 95% CI (- 1.75, - 0.62) I2 = 85.7%], clinical attachment loss (CAL) [WMD = - 1.16, 95% CI (- 1.60, - 0.72) I2 = 76.7%] and gingival index (WMD = - 0.29, 95%CI [- 0.48, - 0.11], I2 = 63.6%) compared with non-surgical treatment alone. In addition, subgroup analysis showed that higher doses of melatonin (3-10 mg) significantly improved PD [WMD = - 1.32, 95%CI (- 2.31, - 0.15) I2 = 93%] and CAL [WMD = - 1.30, 95%CI (- 1.80, - 0.81) I2 = 73.7%] compared with lower doses of melatonin (< 3 mg). CONCLUSIONS: We found that adjunctive melatonin supplementation can significantly improve the periodontal status after non-surgical treatment, suggesting that melatonin may be a new adjuvant therapy for periodontitis when non-surgical periodontal treatment alone cannot achieve the desired improvement.

11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surimi is produced from the various sequences of filleting, deboning, washing, dehydrating, blending with cryprotectant, and freezing. Deboning, after which fish flesh is minced and separated from bone, skin, etc., is a vital step in the surimi production. In this study, effects of repeated deboning on yield, structure, composition, and gelling properties of silver carp surimi were investigated. RESULTS: Surimi yield increased rapidly from 10% to 23% as the cycle of repeated deboning was increased from 1 to 3, and then slowly increased up to 26%. As the cycle increased, cellular structure and ultrastructure of muscle fibers progressively fractured. Contents of fat, cathepsins, heme proteins, and transglutaminase of surimi obviously increased and then decreased. Three-dimensional network of surimi gel without setting (NS gel) became more porous with the increase of cycle. It became more compact, and then turned to aggregated forms with lower homogeneity, for the surimi gel with setting (WS gel). Correspondently, the NS gel textural values gradually decreased with the cycle, while the WS gel textural values increased up to 3 cycles and then decreased. Regardless of setting, whiteness of surimi gels decreased and then increased with the cycle. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that structure and compositions of surimi changed with the cycle of repeated deboning, which affected gelling properties of surimi. It is recommended to debone 3 or 4 cycles in silver carp surimi production. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 177: 32-37, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240360

RESUMO

Suaeda salsa L. is a typical euhalophyte and can be used as a model halophyte for research on salt tolerance. S. salsa seedlings were cultured with 0, 200 and 500 mM NaCl for 2 and 14 days. The results revealed that 200 mM NaCl promoted the shoot dry weight, net photosynthetic rate (Pn), chlorophyll content, electron transfer rate, NADPH level, activities of ferredoxin-NADP oxidoreductase, ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) and Rubisco activase, particularly the Rubisco activity, chlorophyll content and Pn, when the seedlings were treated with 200 mM NaCl for 14 days. Moreover, 500 mM NaCl had no adverse effects on those parameters. In conclusion, NaCl improved the photoreaction and carbon assimilation efficiency of S. salsa. The increased Rubisco activity and chlorophyll content may play critical roles in the enhancement of the photosynthetic efficiency in S. salsa under saline conditions, which may explain why S. salsa can produce the highest biomass at approximately 200 mM NaCl.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Cloreto de Sódio , Carbono/farmacologia , Fotossíntese , Tolerância ao Sal , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
13.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35353112

RESUMO

Research in the field of nano-optics is advancing by leaps and bounds, among which near-infrared (NIR) light optics have attracted much attention. NIR light has a longer wavelength than visible light, such that it can avoid shielding caused by biological tissues. This advantage has driven its importance and practicality in human treatment applications and has attracted significant attention from researchers in academia and industry. In the broad spectrum of infrared light wavelengths, the most noticeable ones are the NIR biological window I of 700-900 nm and window II of 1000-1700 nm. Luminescent materials can effectively cover the NIR biological window with different doping strategies. These doped elements are mostly transition elements with multielectron orbitals. Several nanomaterials based on narrow-spectrum lanthanides have been developed to correspond to biological applications of different wavelengths. However, this review explicitly introduces the absorption and reflection/luminescence interactions between NIR light and biological tissues independently. Unlike the adjustment of the wavelength of the lanthanide series, this review analyzes the NIR optical properties of the fourth-period element ions in transition elements (such as Cr3+ and Ni2+). These elements have a broadband wavelength of NIR light emission and higher quantum efficiency, corresponding to the absorption and emission spectrum and photobiological absorption of different NIR windows for therapeutic diagnosis. Finally, this review lists and explores other broadband NIR phosphors and has tried to discover the possibility of non-invasive precision medicine in the future.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 99: 154006, 2022 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by high levels of proinflammatory cytokines and epithelial barrier dysfunction. The root of Ligularia fischeri (Ledeb.) Turcz. is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb with diverse therapeutic properties, which has been successfully used to treat inflammation-related diseases. However, little is known about its effect and mechanism against UC. PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and mechanism of L. fischeri root extracts against UC. METHODS: L. fischeri root samples were prepared using the alcohol extraction method and liquid-liquid extraction method. A dextran sodium sulfate-induced UC mouse model and a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cell model were employed in the present study. Cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify the abundance of inflammatory factors in tissues. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and Masson staining were employed to analyze drug toxicity to the liver and kidney. A myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay kit was used to detect neutrophil infiltration in colon tissues. RT-qPCR was then employed to quantify the transcriptional levels of proinflammatory and apoptotic-related genes, while tight junction and apoptosis-related proteins were quantified via western blotting. Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry analysis was then performed to identify the natural compounds in L. fischeri root extracts. RESULTS: The water decoction extract, methanol extract, and especially the chloroform extract (CE) exerted potent therapeutic effects in UC mice. Similar to the positive control group (5-aminosalicylic acid), oral administration of CE (30, 60, and 90 mg/kg/d) elicited distinct therapeutic effects on UC mice in the medium- and high-dose groups. CE decreased disease activity index, histopathological score, and MPO level significantly, and effectively retained the colon length. Furthermore, CE significantly reduced the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α and enhanced the expression of tight junction proteins, such as zonula occludens (ZO)-1, ZO-2, claudin-1, and occludin, as well as the transcriptional levels of mucins, such as MUC-1 and MUC-2, in UC mice. Notably, CE prevented apoptosis of colonic epithelial cells by up-regulating Bcl-2 and down-regulating Bax. Also, CE inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages via the activation of Bcl-2/Bax signals. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, L. fischeri root extracts, especially CE, have obvious therapeutic effects against UC. CE reduces inflammation and protects the intestinal epithelial cells and intestinal epithelial barrier via activation of the Bcl-2/Bax signaling pathway, and may be a promising therapeutic agent for UC treatment.

15.
Front Genet ; 13: 782957, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309129

RESUMO

Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) is one of the important economical fishes in the world. Streptococcosis is commonly found in tilapia, causing severe and devastating effects in tilapia cultures. Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus iniae are the predominant pathogens causing tilapia streptococcosis. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying differential streptococcal infection patterns, Nile tilapias (Oreochromis niloticus) were infected by 1 × 107 CFU/mL S. agalactiae, 1 × 107 CFU/mL S. iniae, and 1 × 107 CFU/mL S. agalactiae and S. iniae (1:1), respectively, and transcriptome analysis was conducted to the intestine samples of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at 6, 12, 24 h, and 7 days post-infection. A total of 6,185 genes that differentially expressed among groups were identified. Eight differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM39-like, C-X-C motif chemokine 10-like(CXCL 10), C-C motif chemokine 19-like, interleukin-1 beta-like, IgM heavy chain VH region, partial, IgG Fc-binding protein, proteasome subunit beta type-8 (PSMB8), and ATP synthase F(0) complex subunit B1, mitochondrial that involved in the immune system were selected, and their expression levels in the coinfection group were significantly higher than those in either of the single infection groups. These genes were associated with four different KEGG pathways. Additionally, the differential expression of eight DEGs was validated by using the RT-qPCR approach, and their immunological importance was discussed. The results provided insights into the responses of tilapia against S. agalactiae and S. iniae at the transcriptome level, promoting our better understanding of immune responses for aquatic animal against Streptococcus.

16.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(2)2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35214188

RESUMO

The most common malignant tumor of the brain is glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in adults. Many patients die shortly after diagnosis, and only 6% of patients survive more than 5 years. Moreover, the current average survival of malignant brain tumors is only about 15 months, and the recurrence rate within 2 years is almost 100%. Brain diseases are complicated to treat. The reason for this is that drugs are challenging to deliver to the brain because there is a blood-brain barrier (BBB) protection mechanism in the brain, which only allows water, oxygen, and blood sugar to enter the brain through blood vessels. Other chemicals cannot enter the brain due to their large size or are considered harmful substances. As a result, the efficacy of drugs for treating brain diseases is only about 30%, which cannot satisfy treatment expectations. Therefore, researchers have designed many types of nanoparticles and nanocomposites to fight against the most common malignant tumors in the brain, and they have been successful in animal experiments. This review will discuss the application of various nanocomposites in diagnosing and treating GBM. The topics include (1) the efficient and long-term tracking of brain images (magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, and near-infrared light (NIR)); (2) breaking through BBB for drug delivery; and (3) natural and chemical drugs equipped with nanomaterials. These multifunctional nanoparticles can overcome current difficulties and achieve progressive GBM treatment and diagnosis results.

17.
Neurochem Res ; 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103912

RESUMO

Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a serious complication that can occur following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Sustained secondary changes after TBI promote the process of PTE. Here, we aim to evaluate changes in behavior, electrocorticogram, and histomorphology in rats following chronic TBI models. We observed intensive 7-8 Hz spike-wave-discharges (SWDs) at frontal recording sites and quantified them in SD rats with different degrees of TBI and compared them with age-matched sham rats to evaluate the association between SWDs and injury severity. Notably, although SWDs were even presented in the sham group, the number and duration of events were much lower than those in the TBI groups. SWDs have numerous similarities to absence seizures, such as abrupt onset, termination, and lack of postictal suppression, which may be the nonconvulsive characteristics of PTE. Retigabine, a novel antiepileptic drug, is ineffective in reducing SWDs. In addition, we examined chronic histopathological changes in TBI rats. Rats subjected to moderate and severe TBI exhibited significantly impaired neurological function, which was accompanied by marked cortical injury, hippocampus deformation, reactive gliosis, and mossy fiber sprouting. Long-term progressive structural changes in the brain are one of the characteristics of epileptogenesis after TBI. Our study provided the potential value of epileptiform SWDs in reflecting the nonconvulsive characteristic of PTE and highlighted the vital role of chronic pathological changes, such as reactive gliosis, in promoting the epileptogenesis following TBI.

18.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 2022 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35156580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More and more shreds of evidence show that the occurrence and development of tumors are closely related to the abnormal expression of LncRNA. A large number of experiments have found that overexpression or under-expression of MCM3AP-AS1 can affect the occurrence and development of cancer cells in varying degrees, such as proliferation, invasion, and translocation. Besides, MCM3AP-AS1 may become a promising target for many tumor biotherapies. This article reviews the pathophysiological functions and molecular mechanisms of MCM3AP-AS1 in various tumors. METHODS: This paper systematically summarizes the published literatures in PubMed. The molecular mechanism of MCM3AP-AS1 in a variety of tumors is reviewed. RESULTS: The abnormal expression of MCM3AP-AS1 in different tumors is closely related to tumor proliferation, invasion, and migration. MCM3AP-AS1 mediates or participates in related signaling pathways to regulate the expression of targeted miRNAs and proteins. MCM3AP-AS1 plays a vital role in tumor diagnosis and treatment. CONCLUSION: LncRNA MCM3AP-AS1 is a feasible tumor marker and a potential therapeutic target for many kinds of tumors.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 51(5): 2026-2032, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029610

RESUMO

Here, we report a halide precursor acid precipitation method to synthesize Cs2AgIn1-xBixCl6 (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, 0.16, 0.32, 0.64, and 1) microcrystals. Cs2AgInCl6 and Bi derivative double perovskites show broadband white light emission via self-trapped excitons (STEs) and have achieved the highest internal quantum efficiency of up to 52.4% at x = 0.08. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction confirmed the linear increase of lattice parameters and cell volume with Bi3+ substitution at In3+ sites. Absorbance, photocurrent excitation, and photoluminescence excitation spectra are used to observe possible transitions from the valence to the conduction band or free exciton (FE) states as well as transitions within local Bi3+ states. The broadband photoluminescence is quenched via a single nonradiative process with an activation energy ΔE = 1490 cm-1 for Cs2AgIn0.92Bi0.08Cl6. Under normal conditions, we observed STE emission, but applying external pressure alters the electronic structure such that at elevated pressure, the only emission via the FE state is observed. We anticipate that structure, temperature and pressure-dependent photoluminescence studies will help the future use of a single-source lead-free double perovskite for white light-emitting diode applications.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(3): 4265-4275, 2022 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025207

RESUMO

Broadband shortwave infrared (SWIR) light-emitting diodes (LEDs), capable of advancing the next-generation solid-state smart invisible lighting technology, have sparked tremendous interest and will launch ground-breaking spectroscopy and instrumental applications. Nevertheless, the device performance is still suppressed by the low quantum efficiency and limited emission bandwidth of the critical phosphor layer. Herein, we report a high-performance Ni2+-doped garnet solid-solution broadband SWIR emitter centered at ∼1450 nm with a large full-width at half-maximum of ∼300 nm, thereby fabricating, for the first time, a directly excited Ni2+-doped garnet solid-solution phosphor-converted broadband SWIR LED device. A synergetic enhancement strategy, adding a fluxing agent and a charge compensator simultaneously, is proposed to deliver a more than 20-fold increase of the SWIR emission intensity and nearly 2-fold improvement of the thermal quenching behavior. The site occupation and mechanism behind the synergetic enhancement strategy are elucidated by a combination of experimental study and theoretical calculation. A prototype of the SWIR LED with a radiation flux of 1.25 mW is fabricated and utilized as an invisible SWIR light source to demonstrate the SWIR spectroscopy applications. This work not only opens a window to explore novel broadband SWIR phosphors but also provides a synergetic strategy to remarkably improve the performance of artificial SWIR LED light sources.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...