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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 918-926, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974623

RESUMO

Isodicentric Y chromosomes are considered one of the most common structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome. Neocentric marker chromosomes, with neocentromeres, have drawn increasing attention in recent years. The present study reported an azoospermic male with a neocentric isochromosome Yp, neo(Yp), and an isodicentric Yq, idic(Yq). The karyotype was analyzed using G­banding, chromosome microarray analysis (CMA), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with various detection probes, including sex­determining region on the Y chromosome (SRY) and Y centromeric, applied at the same time. G­banding initially revealed the karyotype 47,X,i(Y)(q10),+mar. CMA indicated the presence of an extra Y chromosome, seemingly equivalent to 47,XYY males. FISH delineated the existence of two centromeres on the idic(Yq). For the marker chromosome, two SRY signals were detected instead of the Y­specific centromere signal, and a visual centromere was observed. This indicated the possible existence of a neocentromere in the marker chromosome, located in the connected region in Yp11.2 band. Finally, the patient's karyotype was established as 47,X,idic(Y)(p11.2), neo(Y)(pter→Yp11.2::Yp11.2→pter). The findings suggested that both idic(Yq) and neo(Yp) could be the main causes of the patient's azoospermia, despite the fact that the partial disomy of Ypter to Yp11.2 did not lead to any major malformations. The present study not only improves the understanding of karyotype/phenotype relationships between neocentric marker Y chromosomes and male infertility, but also supports the hypothesis that the combined application of molecular cytogenetic analysis could aid in reliably confirming breakpoints, origins, and the constitution of the marker chromosomes.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18695, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895838

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Jacobsen syndrome (JBS) is a rare chromosomal disorder with variable phenotypic expressivity, which is usually diagnosed in infancy and childhood based on clinical examination and hematological and cytogenetic findings. Prenatal diagnosis and fetal ultrasonographic findings of JBS are rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old, gravida 3, para 1, pregnant woman underwent clinical ultrasound examination at 22 weeks of gestation. DIAGNOSES: Ultrasonographic findings indicated an interventricular septal defect, the presence of septal blood flow, dilation of the left renal pelvis, and a single umbilical artery. Amniocentesis was performed to evaluate possible genetic causes of this diagnosis by cytogenetic and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis. INTERVENTIONS: After genetic counseling and informed consent, the couple elected to terminate the pregnancy. OUTCOMES: Karyotype analysis showed that the fetal karyotype was 46,XX,del(11)(q23). The SNP array revealed a 6.118 Mb duplication of 11q23.2q23.3 and a 15.03 Mb deletion of 11q23.3q25. LESSONS: Ultrasonographic findings of fetal JBS, including an interventricular septal defect, dilation of the left renal pelvis, and a single umbilical artery, may be associated with a 15.03 Mb deletion of 11q23.3q25. Further cases correlating phenotype and genotype are required to predict the postnatal phenotype.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Deleção Distal 11q de Jacobsen/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cariótipo , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
3.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23139, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), a serious phenotype of male spermatogenesis failure, is a multifactorial disease which is regulated by genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Some gene structural variants have been demonstrated to be related to NOA. Loss-of-function mutations of KISS1R cause normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) which result in azoospermia at the pre-testicular level. The objective of this research was to investigate genetic variants of KISS1R in NOA patients. METHODS: The entire coding region of 52 spermatogenesis-associated genes (KISS1R included) was sequenced from 200 NOA patients. Mutation screening was performed to identify genetic variations of these genes by targeted exome sequencing. Sequencing data analysis was carried out by a series of bioinformatics tools. Candidate variants confirmation was performed by Sanger sequencing. Functional analysis of candidate variants was evaluated using SIFT and PolyPhen-2. RESULTS: Three heterozygous missense variants in KISS1R were identified in three patients, respectively. No deleterious variations in other candidate genes were found in the three patients. Two of these three variants, p.A211T and p.G186E, had been reported in the ExAC and dbSNP database, respectively, while the other variant p.A301D was novel. These variants were all predicted to be likely pathogenic by in silico analysis. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed three heterozygous missense variants in KISS1R which expanded the mutation spectrum of KISS1R in infertile men with NOA in the northeast of China.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9398275, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828149

RESUMO

Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs), equal in size or smaller than chromosome 20 of the same metaphase, can hardly be identified through traditional banding technique. They are usually associated with intelligent disability, growth retardation, and infertility, but the genotype-phenotype correlations are still complicated for their complex origins and constitutions. Herein, we identified a 26-year-old Chinese infertile male who carried a mosaic sSMC and was diagnosed as severe oligospermia. The G-banding analysis initially described his karyotype as mos 47, XY, +mar[32]/46, XY[18]. The chromosomal microarray analysis results showed a 25.5 Mb gain in Yp11.31q11.23 and a 0.15 Mb loss in Yq12. Two SRY signals were discovered in the "seemingly" normal chromosome Y in both cell lines using SRY probe: one normal SRY was located on the distal tip of the short arm of chromosome Y while the other SRY was located on the terminal of long arm in the same chromosome Y. The sSMC(Y) was finally identified as der(Y) (pter ⟶ q11.23) (SRY-). To our knowledge, the chromosomal Y anomalies, SRY gene translocated from der(Y) (pter ⟶ q11.23) to qter of normal chromosome Y, were not reported before. Our findings indicated that the mosaic presence of sSMC(Y) may be the main cause of severe oligospermia although no other apparent abnormalities were observed in the proband. Further research on association between sSMC(Y) and spermatogenesis impairment should be investigated. It is recommended measures of traditional and molecular cytogenetic analysis should be taken to determine the origins and constitutions of sSMC so as to offer more appropriate genetic counseling for the infertile sSMC carriers.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18183, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804336

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The recently increased rate of heterotopic pregnancies (HPs) has been largely attributed to the increased use of assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs). HP is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition. It is unusual in natural conception cycles, occurring in 1:10,000 to 1:50,000 pregnancies. However, with the increased use of ART such as in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET), the incidence has risen to 0.5-1%. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was a 28-year-old woman who presented to our center complaining of a sudden onset of right-side lower abdominal pain with a small amount of vaginal bleeding. She had undergone IVF-ET and received a thawed embryo transfer with two embryos 23 days previously. She had a history of right salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy during the downregulation of her ovulatory cycle 1 year ago. Case 2 was a 25-year-old woman who presented to our center complaining of a sudden onset of right-side lower abdominal pain. She had also undergone thawed embryo transfer following IVF-ET with two embryos 35 days previously. She had a history of right salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy 1.5 years previously. DIAGNOSES: Both patients were diagnosed as having a heterotopic pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: Patient 1 underwent emergency laparoscopy; patient 2 underwent emergency laparotomy and both were treated medically to prevent abortion of the intrauterine pregnancies. OUTCOMES: Patient 1 had an incomplete abortion and underwent uterine curettage on the day 10 after the operation. Patient 2 experienced no further complications during pregnancy and a healthy baby girl was born at the 38th gestational week. LESSONS: Reproductive physicians need to pay more attention to patients who have received more than one embryo at transfer, especially those with a history of salpingectomy.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/efeitos adversos , Fertilização In Vitro/efeitos adversos , Gravidez Heterotópica/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Gravidez Heterotópica/cirurgia , Salpingectomia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18258, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804359

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Chromosomal duplications are associated with a series of genetic disorders. However, chromosome 5q duplications, especially pure 5q35.3 microduplications, have rarely been reported in the literature. Clinical phenotypes usually depend on the region of chromosome duplicated, its size, and loci. PATIENT CONCERNS: From 2011 to 2017, prenatal amniotic fluid samples were obtained from 6 pregnant women diagnosed with pure 5q35.3 microduplications following different prenatal indications at our center. We followed up the children of these pregnancies and determined their postnatal health conditions. DIAGNOSES: Cytogenetic studies delineated that all patients had normal karyotypes, except for patient 6 who had 46,XX,inv(9)(p11q13). Single-nucleotide polymorphism array results showed 177-269 kb duplications of 5q35.3 (chr5:178728830-178997692) in these cases. All shared similar localization of ADAMTS2. INTERVENTIONS: All pregnant women chose to continue the pregnancies. Follow-up analysis showed that the children presented normal physical and growth developments. OUTCOMES: We described six prenatal cases with similar 5q35.3 duplications involving part of the ADAMTS2 locus with no apparent postnatal phenotypic abnormalities. LESSONS: Our research revealed that partial microduplication of ADAMTS2 (chr5:178728830-178997692) might be benign and not correlate with disorders. And there might exist phenotypic diversities of 5q35.3 duplications.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAMTS/genética , Duplicação Cromossômica , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18041, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764825

RESUMO

Fetal chromosomal abnormalities are considered to be the main cause of spontaneous abortion (SA). We aimed to determine the differences in the rates and numbers of chromosomal abnormalities between samples from women with a history of one versus more than one SA as well as between samples from first- and second-trimester SAs in women from Northeast China.In total, 1210 products of conception (POCs) from patients with a history of one or more SAs were examined. Of these 1210 samples, 434 were from women with a history of 1 SA, and 776 were from women with a history of more than 1 SA. Additionally, 1071 samples were from the first trimester, 118 were from the second trimester, and 21 were from the third trimester. We identified chromosomal abnormalities by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. Among the 1210 POCs in women with SA, 607 (50.17%) had fetal chromosomal abnormalities. There were no significant differences in the rates of chromosomal abnormalities according to the abortion frequency. However, first-trimester SA had a significantly higher percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities than second-trimester SA (P < .05). Among 663 chromosomal abnormalities, 633 abnormalities occurred in first-trimester SA; the most frequent karyotype was trisomy 16 (14.38%), followed by monosomy X (13.27%), trisomy 22 (7.90%), and trisomy 15 (5.37%). Thirty abnormalities occurred in second-trimester SA; the most frequent karyotype was trisomy 18 (26.67%), followed by monosomy X (16.67%), trisomy 21 (13.33%), and trisomy 13 (10.00%). No chromosomal abnormalities occurred in the third trimester.These findings indicate the importance of determining the genetic cause of abortion in patients with a history of SA. We also identified a trend suggesting that the percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities is significantly higher in first- than second-trimester SA. The detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities in POCs from SA can be increased by NGS, which is beneficial for couples with recurrent miscarriages and offers better genetic counseling in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feto , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
8.
Mol Cytogenet ; 12: 44, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700544

RESUMO

Background: 46,XX male syndrome is a rare disorder that usually causes infertility. This study was established to identify the genetic causes of this condition in a series of 46,XX males through the combined application of cytogenetic and molecular genetic techniques. Case presentation: We identified eight azoospermic 46,XX males who underwent infertility-related consultations at our center. They all presented normal male phenotypes. In seven of the eight 46,XX males (87.5%), translocation of the SRY gene to the terminal short arm of the X chromosome was clearly involved in their condition, which illustrated that this translocation is the main mechanism of 46,XX sex reversal, in line with previous reports. However, one patient presented a homozygous DAX1 mutation (c.498G > A, p.R166R), which was not previously reported in SRY-negative XX males. Conclusions: We proposed that this synonymous DAX1 mutation in case 8 might not be associated with the activation of the male sex-determining pathway, and the male phenotype in this case might be regulated by some unidentified genetic or environmental factors. Hence, the detection of genetic variations associated with sex reversal in critical sex-determining genes should be recommended for SRY-negative XX males. Only after comprehensive cytogenetic and molecular genetic analyses can genetic counseling be offered to 46,XX males.

9.
Mol Cytogenet ; 12: 45, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709014

RESUMO

Background: Several different technologies are used for prenatal screening procedures and genetic diagnostic technologies. We aimed to investigate the rates of chromosomal abnormalities in cases with different abnormal prenatal indications and to determine the relationships between fetal chromosomal abnormalities and indicators of prenatal abnormalities in Northeast China. Methods: We evaluated 4953 16- to 23-week singleton gestation cases using amniocentesis and a total of 3583 participants received serological screening. Fetal chromosomal analyses were performed for all samples using fluorescence in situ hybridization and karyotyping. Results: Among these samples, 204 (4.12%) had fetal chromosomal abnormalities. A total of 3583 participants received serological screening, among whom 102 (2.85%) exhibited positive results. A total of 309 participants had ultrasonography; 42 (13.6%) of these had abnormalities. Among 97 participants who had non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), 59 (61%) had positive results. Among 1265 participants with advanced maternal age, 78 (6.2%) had abnormal results. Conclusion: The serological screening and NIPT that were included in the prenatal screening methods all had false positive and false negative rates. Although they are both prenatal screening techniques, maternal serum screening cannot be replaced by NIPT. The pregnancy women should accept NIPT in a qualified prenatal diagnostic center. We recommend that pregnant women at high or critical risk undergoing prenatal screening should confirm the fetal karyotype through amniocentesis. Moreover, if women receive a positive result via NIPT, they should not have a pregnancy termination without undergoing further prenatal diagnosis.

10.
Open Med (Wars) ; 14: 854-862, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737790

RESUMO

Previous studies indicated that chromosome 9 translocations are involved in reduced male fertility and increased chance of miscarriage in the female partner. The aim of this study was to review the clinical features and genetic counselling requirements of infertile men carrying chromosome 9 translocations. This study analyzed fertile-age male carriers of chromosome 9 translocations, and included 12 clinical cases in our hospital. In our cases, three cases had oligozoospermia or severe oligozoospermia, while nine cases had normal semen. Of the latter nine cases, seven were associated with recurrent spontaneous abortions, and two produced a phenotypically normal child as confirmed by amniocentesis. Male chromosome 9 translocations and specific breakpoints from reported papers were searched using PubMed and CNKI database. A literature review identified 76 male patients who carried chromosome 9 translocations. Breakpoints at 9p12, 9p11, 9p10 and 9q34.1 were related to pregestational infertility, while breakpoints at 9p21, 9q10, 9q11, 9q13, 9q21.1, 9q22, 9q22.2, 9q22.3, 9q34, 9q34.2 and 9q34.3 exhibited gestational infertility. Chromosome translocations involving chromosome 9 lead to increased risk of miscarriage. Carriers of chromosome 9 translocations should be counselled to consider in vitro fertilization accompanied by preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17200, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567968

RESUMO

The universal two-child policy has now been fully implemented in China. This change requires adaptations to maternal care and childcare systems, but the features of prenatal diagnosis before and after implementation of the policy have not been reported.We conducted a retrospective study of 6736 prenatal cytogenetic diagnoses performed on amniotic fluid cells over a 4-year period, including 2 years before and after implementation of the second child policy. Amniotic fluid cells collected through amniocentesis were cultured, harvested, and stained for chromosome analysis using standard laboratory protocols.The study included 3222 pregnant women referred before implementation of the policy, which we used as a control group, and 3514 pregnant women referred after policy implementation as an investigational study group. There were significantly fewer pregnant women aged <25 years in the investigational group than in the control group (P < .001). There were no significant between-group differences for other pregnant women aged >31 years and 27-28 years old (P > .05). A total of 358 cases with chromosomal abnormalities were diagnosed, including 129 (4%, 129/3222) in the control group which was significantly lower than the 229 (6.5%, 229/3514) in the study group (P < .001). In particular, significantly more trisomy 21 cases were observed in the study group than in the control group (120 vs 59). More pregnant women underwent non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in the study group (46%) than in the control group (20%). In the study group, the average age of pregnant women who underwent NIPT was significantly higher than that of women who did not receive NIPT (P < .05). However, there were no significant between-group differences for the control group (P > .05).The number of cases with chromosomal abnormalities increased in northeastern China in the 2 years after implementation of the two-child policy. The number of pregnant women of advanced maternal age did not increase significantly, perhaps because of the widespread application of NIPT. However, the number of fetuses with Down syndrome increased significantly, suggesting that prenatal screening and diagnosis should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Controle da População , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Política Pública , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Amniocentese/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Humanos , Controle da População/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17407, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for men with Y chromosome azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletions. METHODS: Twenty-five men with Y chromosome microdeletions and their partners underwent ICSI treatment. These subjects were matched against 50 ICSI cycles in which the patients had normal Y chromosomes. RESULTS: Among the 25 couples, 17 achieved a clinical pregnancy of which 14 continued to a live birth. Sixteen men had deletions of AZFc markers (sY152, sY254, and sY255), 1 had a deletion of sY152, 3 had a deletion of sY254, sY255, 1 had a deletion of sY152, sY239, Sy242, sY254, and sY255, and 3 had deletions of sY152, sY254, sY255, and sY157. AZFb microdeletions (sY127, sY134, and sY143) were found in 1 patient. AZF microdeletions had no adverse effects on the clinical pregnancy, implantation or delivery rates, birth weight, gestational age, or sex ratio when compared with the control group. Overall, the multiple gestation and preterm delivery rates of the AZF microdeletion group were similar to those in the control group. CONCLUSION: Men with AZF microdeletions can achieve the delivery of healthy children using ICSI. In this series, it produced good implantation rate and obstetric and perinatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Azoospermia/terapia , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/terapia , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Adulto , Azoospermia/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Prenat Diagn ; 39(12): 1120-1126, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461790

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pure duplication of chromosome 18p is rare, with clinical phenotypes ranging from normal or slight abnormalities to various degrees of mental retardation. It remains difficult to establish a clear genotype-phenotype correlation. METHODS: Chromosomal karyotyping analysis was performed on cultured amniotic fluid cells from three cases. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis was carried out using the Illumina Human CytoSNP-12 BeadChip. We also carried out a review of the literature regarding 18p11 microduplication. RESULTS: G-banding analysis showed that the three cases had normal karyotypes. SNP array results showed 0.48- to 1.6-Mb microduplications of 18p11.31-p11.22 (chr18: 6995739-8713088) in these cases, encompassing different degrees of LAMA1 duplication. Follow-up analysis showed that the parents of both cases 1 and 2 chose termination of pregnancy. Case 3 presented with normal growth and physical development. Currently, there is not enough evidence supporting the pathogenicity of LAMA1 triplosensitivity. CONCLUSION: We described three prenatal cases with 18p11.31-p11.22 microduplications involving part of the LAMA1 locus. There might be phenotypic diversity associated with 18p11.31-p11.22 microduplications. To avoid unnecessary abortions for pregnancies such as these, comprehensive genetic counseling should be offered.

14.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5801-5812, 2019 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to screen common and low-frequency variants of nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA)-associated genes, and to construct a database for NOA-associated single nucleotide variants (SNVs). MATERIAL AND METHODS Next-generation sequencing of 466 NOA-associated genes was performed in 34 patients with NOA (mean age, 29.06±4.49 years) and 40 sperm donors (mean age, 25.08±5.75 years) from the Han population of northeast China. The SNV database was constructed by summarizing NOA non-negatively-associated SNVs showing statistical differences between NOA cases and controls, and then selecting low-frequency variants using Baylor's pipeline, to identify statistically valid SNVs. RESULTS There were 65 SNVs identified that were significantly different between both groups (p<0.05). Five genetic variants showed positive correlations with NOA: MTRR c.537T>C (rs161870), odds ratios (OR), 3.686, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.228-11.066; MTRR, c.1049A>G (rs162036), OR, 3.686, 95% CI, 1.228-11.066; PIWIL1, c.1580G>A (rs1106042), OR, 4.737, 95% CI, 1.314-17.072; TAF4B, c.1815T>C (rs1677016), OR, 3.599, 95% CI, 1.255-10.327; and SOX10 c.927T>C (rs139884), OR, 3.192, 95% CI, 1.220-8.353. Also, 52 NOA non-negatively associated SNVs and 39 SNVs were identified by Baylor's pipeline and selected for the SNV database. CONCLUSIONS Five genetic variants were shown to have positive correlations with NOA. The SNV database constructed contained NOA non-negatively associated SNVs and low-frequency variants. This study showed that this approach was an effective strategy to identify risk alleles of NOA.

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(2): 1267-1275, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363371

RESUMO

Trisomy 16q is a rare disorder with severe abnormalities, which always leads to early postnatal mortality. It usually results from a parental translocation, exhibiting 16q duplication associated with another chromosomal deletion. The present study reports on the clinical presentation and molecular cytogenetic results of a small-for-gestational-age infant, consisting of partial trisomy 16q21→qter and monosomy 2p25.3→pter. The proband presented with moderately low birthweight, small anterior fontanelles, prominent forehead, low hairline, telecanthus, flat nasal bridge, choanal atresia, clinodactyly of the fifth fingers, urogenital anomalies, congenital muscular torticollis and congenital laryngomalacia. The last two traits have not previously been reported in any trisomy 16q and monosomy 2p cases. The proband was trisomic for the 16q21→qter chromosomal region with the karyotype 46,XY,der(2)t(2;16)(p25;q21)pat. The chromosomal anomaly was the result of unbalanced segregation of a paternal balanced translocation, 46,XY,t(2;16)(p25;q21). In this case, molecular cytogenetic analysis had a critical role in delineating the proband's clinical phenotype. Although this patient had a 16q21→qter duplication and a 2p25.3→pter deletion, the latter may have had mild phenotypic effects when associated with trisomy 16q. The literature was also reviewed, focusing on cases with the same breakpoints, localizations and clinical features reported in recent years.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16661, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348322

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) can be usually discovered in the patients with mental retardation, infertile couples, and prenatal fetus. We aim to characterize the sSMC and explore the correlation between with sSMC and male infertility. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old Chinese male was referred for infertility consultation in our center after 1 year of regular unprotected coitus and no pregnancy. DIAGNOSIS: Cytogenetic G-banding analysis initially described a mosaic karyotype 47,X,Yqh-,+mar[28]/46,X,Yqh-[22] for the proband, while his father showed a normal karyotype. The chromosome microarray (CMA) analysis showed there existed a duplication of Yp11.32q11.221, a deletion of Yq11.222q12, a duplication of 20p11.1 for the patient. Azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletion analysis for the patient showed that he presented a de novo AZFb+c deletion. Fluorescence in situ hybridization further confirmed the sSMC was an sSMC(Y) with SRY signal, Y centromere, and Yq deletion. INTERVENTIONS: The patient would choose artificial reproductive technology to get his offspring according to the genetic counseling. OUTCOMES: The sSMC in our patient was proved to be an sSMC(Y), derived from Yq deletion. The spermatogenesis failure of the proband might be due to the synthetic action of sSMC(Y) mosaicism and AZFb+c microdeletion. LESSONS: It is nearly impossible to detect the chromosomal origin of sSMC through traditional banding techniques. The molecular cytogenetic characterization could be performed for identification of sSMC so that comprehensive genetic counseling would be offered.


Assuntos
Azoospermia/genética , Mosaicismo , Adulto , Análise Citogenética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariótipo , Masculino
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16358, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305430

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Infertile men with Y-chromosome microdeletions have been reported to be able to have their own children via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 27-year-old man with Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) deletions underwent ICSI treatment. The pregnancy showed a high risk for trisomy 21 syndrome (risk value: 1 in 150). DIAGNOSES: The karyotype of the patient was 46, XY, inv (9) (p11q13). His wife had a normal karyotype. Sequence-tagged site-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis showed that markers sY254 and sY255 were absent. ICSI was performed. Two embryos (6IV, 8II) were transferred to the uterus of the patient's wife. Second-trimester maternal serum triple-screening showed that the pregnancy was high risk for trisomy 21 syndrome (risk value: 1 in 150). Amniocentesis was performed and revealed that the fetal chromosomal karyotype was 46, XX, inv (9) (p11q13). INTERVENTIONS: The couple chose to continue the pregnancy and a healthy girl was born at 39 weeks of gestation. OUTCOMES: An infertile man with AZFc microdeletions can reproduce via ICSI technology. The karyotype inv (9) (p11q13) can be transmitted to offspring. Whether this karyotype has clinical significance, such as causing infertility or variations in prenatal biochemical markers, is unclear. LESSONS: Y-chromosome microdeletions and/or the karyotype inv (9) (p11q13) may cause clinically significant variation in prenatal biochemical markers.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Infertilidade Masculina , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Adulto , Cromossomos Humanos Y , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Masculina/reabilitação , Masculino , Gravidez , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/reabilitação
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16209, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261571

RESUMO

It is not clear whether age has any influence on the outcomes for sperm used for assisted reproductive technology in cryptozoospermic men. We evaluated intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes using ejaculated or testicular sperm in men with cryptozoospermia from different paternal age ranges.We conducted a retrospective observational study of 35 men with cryptozoospermia who underwent ICSI from 2010 to 2018. They were classified into 2 groups based on male age, namely < 35 years and ≥ 35 years. Each group was further divided into 2 subgroups according to the origin of sperm (ejaculated or testicular).In the <35 years group, the normal fertilization and high-quality embryo rates for ejaculated sperm were significantly higher than with testicular sperm (74.7% vs. 62.4%, P = .02; 50.5% vs. 36.6%, P = .03, respectively). However, in the ≥35 years group, the high-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates were significantly lower in the ejaculated sperm subgroup than in the testicular sperm subgroup (26.2% vs. 63%, P = .002; 12.5% vs. 71.4%, P = .04, respectively).This study indicates that ICSI should be performed as soon as possible for men with cryptozoospermia. When the paternal age ≥35 years, testicular sperm should be used for ICSI, as this offers better high-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates.


Assuntos
Oligospermia , Idade Paterna , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Adulto , Ejaculação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recuperação Espermática , Testículo
20.
Biosci Rep ; 39(6)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160482

RESUMO

Reduced or no progressive sperm motility in the fresh ejaculate defines asthenozoospermia as one of the major causes of male infertility. The axonemal heavy chain dynein type 11 (DNAH11) gene encodes for one of the axonemal dynein heavy chain (DHC) family members and participates in assembling respiratory cilia and sperm flagella. Given the high degree of conservation of DNAH11, mutations could give rise to primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and asthenozoospermia. To date, few studies have reported on the association between variants in DNAH11 and asthenozoospermia. In the present study, 87 patients with idiopathic asthenozoospermia for variants in DNAH11 were screened by using high-throughput targeted gene sequencing technology. Bioinformatics analysis was further assessed. We found compound heterozygous variants (c.9484-1 G>T, c.12428 T>C) of DNAH11 detected in 1 of 87 patients. The variant c.9484-1 G>T was confirmed as a novel virulence variant which was predicted to affect splicing by Human Splicing Finder 3.1. And c.12428 T>C was predicted to be mildly pathogenic in silico analysis. We found that DNAH11 polymorphisms display strong associations with asthenozoospermia, and may contribute to an increased risk of male infertility in Chinese patients.

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