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1.
Front Neurol ; 13: 860290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493835

RESUMO

Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) were used to detect the neuroimaging mechanism of Shugan Jieyu Capsule (SG) in ameliorating depression of post-stroke depression (PSD) patients. Fifteen PSD patients took SG for 8 weeks, completed the 24-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) assessment at the baseline and 8 weeks later, and underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning. Twenty-one healthy controls (HCs) underwent these assessments at the baseline. We found that SG improved depression of PSD patients, in which ReHo values decreased in the left calcarine sulcus (CAL.L) and increased in the left superior frontal gyrus (SFG.L) of PSD patients at the baseline. The fALFF values of the left inferior parietal cortex (IPL.L) decreased in PSD patients at the baseline. Abnormal functional activities in the brain regions were reversed to normal levels after the administration of SG for 8 weeks. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis found that the changes in three altered brain regions could be used to differentiate PSD patients at the baseline and HCs. Average signal values of altered regions were related to depression in all subjects at the baseline. Our results suggest that SG may ameliorate depression of PSD patients by affecting brain region activity and local synchronization.

2.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1014952, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339882

RESUMO

Objective: The pathogenesis of schizophrenia is associated with neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene polymorphism to explore the relationship between rs16141, rs16145, and rs5573 polymorphisms in the NPY gene and antipsychotics response in the Chinese population. Methods: The unrelated 228 Chinese Han patients with schizophrenia were enrolled in the present study. Genotypisation within NPY gene was performed using the KASP genotyping assays. Before treatment and on the weekends of the 2nd, 4th, and 8th weeks after treatment, the medication status of the patients was recorded and the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the clinical effect. A reduction in total PANSS scores ≥50% were classified as good responders, while others were poor responders. We evaluated the association between NPY gene and antipsychotic efficacy by comparing allele and genotype distribution, correlation analysis, linkage imbalance, and five genetic models between the two groups. Results: No significant associations were found in the rs16141, rs16145, and rs5573 of NPY and antipsychotic treatment response (all p > 0.05). There was no significant relationship between the three SNPs polymorphisms in the NPY gene and the changes of positive, negative and general psychopathology subscales scores at each stage (all p > 0.05). The distribution of genotype and allele frequencies of locus rs16141 was not statistically difference between good responders and poor responders (genotype: χ2 =4.088, p=0.043, p-correction = 0.129; allele: χ2 = 4.088, p = 0.027, p-correction = 0.081). The allele distribution of rs5573 was significantly different between groups, yet the difference was disappeared after correcting (χ2 = 4.136, p = 0.042, p-correction =0.126). The distribution frequencies of TA/TG and GG haplotypes constituted by rs16141 and rs5573 showed no statistical difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). In recessive inheritance mode, NPYrs5573 was found to be associated with antipsychotic drug response (G/G vs. A/A +A/G: p = 0.028, AIC = 197.2, BIC = 210.9). Conclusions: This study didn't found association between polymorphisms in the NPY gene locus (rs16141, rs16145, and rs5573) and the response to antipsychotics after Bonferroni correction. The polymorphism of NPY gene and the efficacy of antipsychotic drugs in patients with schizophrenia need further study.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344442

RESUMO

Chemical synthesis of proteins bearing base-labile post-translational modifications (PTMs) is a challenging task; for instance, O -acetylation and S -palmitoylation PTMs that cannot survive Fmoc removal conditions during Fmoc-solid phase peptide synthesis. In this work, we developed a new Boc-SPPS-based strategy for the synthesis of peptide C-terminal salicylaldehyde (SAL) esters, which are the key reaction partners in Ser/Thr ligation and Cys/Pen ligation. The strategy utilized the semicarbazone-modified AM (aminomethyl) resin, which could support the Boc-SPPS and release the peptide SAL ester upon treatment with TFA/H 2 O and pyruvic acid. The non-oxidative aldehyde regeneration was fully compatible with all the canonical amino acids. Armed with this strategy, we finished the syntheses of the O -acetylated protein histone H3(S10ac, T22ac) and the hydrophobic S -palmitoylated peptide derived from caveolin-1.

4.
Otol Neurotol ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) is often combined with modiolar deficiency-type inner ear malformations, which cause variable cochlear implantation (CI) outcomes. We aimed to assess the postoperative development of auditory and speech perception in CND patients with modiolar deficiency-type malformations after 3 years of follow-up to determine the factors correlated with CI outcomes. METHODS: Sixty-seven CND patients with modiolar deficiency-type malformations who underwent CI surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Modiolar deficiency-type malformations included common cavity (CC), cochlear hypoplasia (CH) (including CH-I and CH-II) and incomplete partition-I (IP-I). Categorical auditory performance (CAP) and the infant-toddler meaningful auditory integration scale (MAIS) were used to assess auditory ability. The speech intelligibility rating (SIR) and meaningful use of speech scale (MUSS) were used to assess the speech intelligibility of these CI patients. The CI outcomes were evaluated at 0, 12, 24 and 36 months after implant activation. RESULTS: All patients demonstrated improvements in auditory ability and speech intelligibility after CI. There were no significant differences in CI outcomes at any time point according to the malformation type. The number of nerve bundles within the internal auditory canal (IAC) showed significant differences at 12, 24 and 36 months after CI (p < 0.05). Patients with one nerve bundle had relatively poor CI outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: CND patients with modiolar deficiency-type malformations showed continuous improvement in auditory and speech abilities after CI. Compared with malformations, the number of nerve bundles should be given more attention when selecting the side for CI.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1035767, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406076

RESUMO

The Spirometra mansoni is a neglect medical tapeworm, its plerocercoid larvae can parasitize in humans and animals, causing sparganosis. In this study, 17 new members of the glutathione transferase (GST) family were sequenced and characterized in S. mansoni. Clustering analysis displayed the categorization of SmGSTs into two main clades. RT-qPCR illustrated that 7 GST genes were highly expressed in the plerocercoid stage while 8 GSTs were highly expressed in the adult. rSmGST has the typical C- and N-terminal double domains of glutathione transferase. Immunolocalization revealed that natural SmGST is mainly located in the epidermis and parenchyma of plerocercoid, and in the epidermis, parenchyma, uterus and egg shell of adult worm. The optimum activity for rSmGST was found to be pH 6.5 and 25°C. The evolutionary tree showed a high level of diversity of cestodes GSTs. SmGSTs contained both conserved family members and members in the process of further diversification. The findings in this study will lay a foundation to better explore the underlying mechanisms of GSTs involved in Spirometra tapeworms.

6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an important type of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) potentially leading to orofacial pain and jaw dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is important in TMD diagnosis; however, its diagnostic ability for DJD remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of MRI in diagnosing DJD according to the latest diagnostic criteria for TMD and detecting condylar bone abnormalities and their severity. METHODS: Overall, 122 participants were examined using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and MRI. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI for detecting DJD and different types of TMJ condylar bone abnormalities were calculated (considering CBCT as gold standard); in addition, we tested MRI and CBCT's consistency in scoring five types of condylar bone abnormalities. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of MRI for DJD were 95.3% and 43.1%, respectively. The MRI sensitivities for condylar flattening, erosion, osteophytes, sclerosis and cysts were 98.6%, 96.2%, 79.4%, 50%, and 79.2% (specificity, 53.6%, 48.3%, 81.6%, 83.3%, and 88.2%, respectively), respectively. The consistency between MRI and CBCT in assessing the severity of condylar bone abnormalities was fair-to-moderate (kappa coefficient: 0.278-0.491). The inter-observer consistency for CBCT was good, whereas for MRI, it was relatively poor. CONCLUSION: MRI can detect DJD and condylar bone abnormalities. However, MRI could not efficiently detect the severity of condylar bone abnormalities.

7.
Curr Biol ; 32(22): 4957-4966.e5, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240772

RESUMO

How the homeostatic drive for sleep accumulates over time and is released remains poorly understood. In Drosophila, we previously identified the R5 ellipsoid body (EB) neurons as putative sleep drive neurons1 and recently described a mechanism by which astrocytes signal to these cells to convey sleep need.2 Here, we examine the mechanisms acting downstream of the R5 neurons to promote sleep. EM connectome data demonstrate that R5 neurons project to EPG neurons.3 Broad thermogenetic activation of EPG neurons promotes sleep, whereas inhibiting these cells reduces homeostatic sleep rebound. Perforated patch-clamp recordings reveal that EPG neurons exhibit elevated spontaneous firing following sleep deprivation, which likely depends on an increase in extrinsic excitatory inputs. Our data suggest that cholinergic R5 neurons participate in the homeostatic regulation of sleep, and epistasis experiments indicate that the R5 neurons act upstream of EPG neurons to promote sleep. Finally, we show that the physical and functional connectivity between the R5 and EPG neurons increases with greater sleep need. Importantly, dual patch-clamp recordings demonstrate that activating R5 neurons induces cholinergic-dependent excitatory postsynaptic responses in EPG neurons. Moreover, sleep loss triggers an increase in the amplitude of these responses, as well as in the proportion of EPG neurons that respond. Together, our data support a model whereby sleep drive strengthens the functional connectivity between R5 and EPG neurons, triggering sleep when a sufficient number of EPG neurons are activated. This process could enable the proper timing of the accumulation and release of sleep drive.


Assuntos
Privação do Sono , Sono , Animais , Sono/fisiologia , Homeostase/fisiologia , Neurônios Colinérgicos , Drosophila , Colinérgicos
8.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 31: 270-278, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are one of the most important bacterial causes of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). In China, the detection rate of VRE Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) is low, although VREfm had a high prevalence in our hospitals between 2013-2015. In this study, we used molecular typing methods combined with epidemiological data to investigate the spread of VREfm in our hospital. METHODS: The characteristics of E. faecium strains isolated from 89 patients with HAIs, including antibiotic susceptibility and virulence genes, were analyzed. This study analyzed 50 E. faecium strains isolated from 47 intensive care unit and Emergency ward patients using core genome Multilocus Sequence Typing and transposon typing. Epidemiological information about those patients was also analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-seven E. faecium isolates containing the vanA gene were identified as VREfm in 89 non-duplicate E. faecium isolates. The major clonal VREfm strains that persisted from 2013-2015 were CT1/ST78/PFGE cluster A that contained transposon type Ⅰ. The other CT4/ST363/PFGE cluster of VREfm strains also contained transposon type Ⅰ. Three patients acquired different clonal E. faecium strains during the hospital period, and the VREfm strain infected one patient. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we report the spread caused by vanA vancomycin-resistant E. faecium strains of different cluster types with the same type of transposon in a tertiary hospital. Our literature review revealed that this is the first report of the HAIs caused by ST363/CT4 VREfm strains.

9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1232: 340471, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257760

RESUMO

The ultrasensitive and rapid detection of ricin B toxin (RTB) is essential for food safety and environmental monitoring. Herein, a dual-mode magnetic relaxation switch (MRS) and fluorescence (FL) biosensing strategy was developed to efficiently detect RTB using fluorescent magnetic nanoparticles (MNP300@SiO2(FITC)). Meanwhile, the as-prepared composite MNP300@SiO2(FITC) exhibited superior biocompatibility and increased FL readout and was coupled with aptamer (Apt) to form a captured probe. Magnetic nanoparticles, 30 nm in diameter (MNP30), were coupled to a Blocker to form a paired probe to compete with RTB for Apt binding. The presence of the RTB triggered the dual-mode detection switch, thus, weakening the magnetic and fluorescent signals. Compared with the single-mode detection method, the Δ T2 and Δ FL intensity here exhibited an excellent linear relationship with logarithm of RTB concentrations at 0.001-500 ng/mL and 0.005-500 ng/mL, and obtained ultrahigh sensitivities of 0.8 pg/mL and 3 pg/mL, respectively. In addition, the dual-mode biosensor gained satisfactory spiked recoveries and relative standard deviations for quantitative detection of spiked RTB in edible oil and tap water samples. To our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the accurate quantification of RTB using a sensitive MRS-FL biosensor. We anticipate that this strategy will provide novel avenues for the development of dual-mode sensing assays.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ricina , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato , Dióxido de Silício , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Água
10.
Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol ; 7(5): 1549-1558, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36258847

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to assess the correlation between residual hearing and audiologic outcomes after cochlear implant (CI) surgery in patients with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND). Methods: This retrospective study included 57 patients with CND who underwent CI surgery. Patients were divided into four groups according to hearing level (80-95, 95-110, 110-120, and >120 dB) and three groups according to residual hearing (entire spectrum hearing, partial spectrum hearing, and no spectrum hearing) based on the measured response at each frequency. Auditory performance (categorical auditory performance [CAP], Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale [IT-MAIS]) and speech perception (speech intelligibility rating [SIR] and meaningful use of speech scale [MUSS]) were assessed before and 2 years after the surgery. Results: Forty-seven (82.5%) patients had complete or total hearing loss (≥95 dB) and 17 (29.8%) had no spectrum hearing before CI surgery. Twenty-nine (50.9%) patients did not exhibit residual hearing at 4 kHz. All patients demonstrated an improvement in auditory performance and speech perception: the CAP score in the 80-95 dB group was significantly higher than that in the 110-120 and >120 dB groups, and the entire spectrum hearing group showed significantly higher CAP, SIR, and IT-MAIS scores than the partial spectrum hearing group and significantly higher CAP, SIR, IT-MAIS, and MUSS scores than the no spectrum hearing group. Conclusion: For patients with CND, residual hearing, especially high-frequency residual hearing, was poor and postoperative audiologic outcomes were significantly associated with the range of residual hearing. Level of Evidence: 4.

11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1254367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275898

RESUMO

Purpose: Although the G protein subunit α i2 (GNAI2) is upregulated in multiple cancers, its prognostic value and exact role in the development of gastric cancer (GC) remain largely unknown. Methods: This study evaluated the effect of GNAI2 on the tumor microenvironment (TME) in GC, constructed an immune risk score (IRS) model based on differentially-expressed immune genes, and systematically correlated GNAI2 and epigenetic factor expression patterns with TME and IRS. Also, RT-qPCR, flow cytometry, Western blotting (WB), and transwell assays were carried out to explore the regulatory mechanism of GNAI2 in GC. Results: High GNAI2 expression was associated with poor prognosis. Cytokine activation, an increase in tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIIC), and the accumulation of regulatory T cells in the tumor immune cycle were all promoted by the TME, which was significantly associated with GNAI2 expression. Two different differentially expressed mRNA (DER) modification patterns were determined. These two DERs-clusters had significantly different TME cell infiltrations and were classified as either noninflamed or immune-inflamed phenotypes. The IRS model constructed using differentially expressed genes (DEGs) had great potential in predicting GC prognosis. The IRS model was also used in assessing clinicopathological features, such as microsatellite instability (MSI) status, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) status, clinical stages, tumor mutational burden (TMB), and tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) scores. Low IRS scores were associated with high immune checkpoint gene expression. Cell and animal studies confirmed that GNAI2 activated PI3K/AKT pathway and promoted the growth and migration of GC cells. Conclusion: The IRS model can be used for survival prediction and GNAI2 serves as a candidate therapeutic target for GC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Animais , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Subunidade alfa Gi2 de Proteína de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Subunidade alfa Gi2 de Proteína de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Mensageiro , Fatores de Risco , Citocinas/metabolismo
12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1014160, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36278232

RESUMO

5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the most widely used chemotherapy drugs for malignant tumors. However, intestinal mucositis caused by 5-FU is a severe dose-limiting toxic effect and even leads to treatment interruption. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is one of the main active compounds of licorice, which is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine commonly used in inflammation and gastrointestinal diseases. It is speculated that ISL have protective effects on intestinal mucositis. However, no such studies have been reported. Therefore, to investigate the impact of ISL on 5-Fu-induced intestinal mucositis, a strategy based on network prediction and pharmacological experimental validation was proposed in this study. Firstly, the targets and mechanism of ISL in alleviating 5-Fu-induced gastrointestinal toxicity were predicted by network analysis. And the results were further confirmed by molecular docking. Then, a mouse model of intestinal mucositis was established by intraperitoneal injection of 5-FU (384 µmol/kg) to verify the prediction of network analysis. The network analysis results suggested that PTGS2 (Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2) and NOS2 (Nitric oxide synthase, inducible) might be the critical targets of ISL for reducing the intestinal toxicity of 5-FU. In addition, KEGG and GO enrichment analysis revealed that the HIF-1, TNF, MAPK, IL-17, PI3K-Akt, Ras, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, and biological processes of the inflammatory response, apoptosis regulation, NO production and NF-kappa B transcription factor activity might be involved in the mechanism of ISL against intestinal mucositis. Subsequent animal experiments showed that ISL could reduce the weight loss, leukopenia and mucosal damage caused by 5-FU. Compared with the intestinal mucositis model, the protein expressions of PTGS2, NOS2, TNFα (Tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and NF-κB p65 (nuclear factor kappa-B P65) were decreased after ISL treatment. In conclusion, this study is the fist time to find that ISL can attenuate 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in mice. Its anti-mucositis effect may be through regulating TNF/NF-κB pathway and inhibiting inflammatory mediators PTGS2 and NOS2. It will provide a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis.

13.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 13(1): 112, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive landscape of chromatin states for multiple mammalian tissues is essential for elucidating the molecular mechanism underlying regulatory variants on complex traits. However, the genome-wide chromatin accessibility has been only reported in limited tissue types in pigs. RESULTS: Here we report a genome-wide landscape of chromatin accessibility of 20 tissues in two female pigs at ages of 6 months using ATAC-seq, and identified 557,273 merged peaks, which greatly expanded the pig regulatory element repository. We revealed tissue-specific regulatory elements which were associated with tissue-relevant biological functions. We identified both positive and negative significant correlations between the regulatory elements and gene transcripts, which showed distinct distributions in terms of their strength and distances from corresponding genes. We investigated the presence of transposable elements (TEs) in open chromatin regions across all tissues, these included identifications of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) exhibiting high accessibility in liver and homology of porcine specific virus sequences to universally accessible transposable elements. Furthermore, we prioritized a potential causal variant for polyunsaturated fatty acid in the muscle. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provides a novel multi-tissues accessible chromatin landscape that serve as an important resource for interpreting regulatory sequences in tissue-specific and conserved biological functions, as well as regulatory variants of loci associated with complex traits in pigs.

14.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 995956, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36226104

RESUMO

Schizophrenia (SZ) is a severe psychiatric disorder which is contributed by both genetic and environmental factors. However, at present, its specific pathogenesis is still not very clear, and there is a lack of objective and reliable biomarkers. Accumulating evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the pathophysiology of several psychiatric disorders, including SZ, and hold promise as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for psychiatric disorders. In this review, we summarize and discuss the role of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of SZ and their potential value as biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

15.
Front Genet ; 13: 955694, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36226167

RESUMO

Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the clinical use of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for common fetal aneuploidies as a prenatal screening tool for the detection of rare chromosomal abnormalities (RCAs). Methods: Gravidas with positive NIPT results for RCAs who subsequently underwent amniocentesis for a single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) were recruited. The degrees of concordance between the NIPT and SNP array were classified into full concordance, partial concordance, and discordance. The positive predictive value (PPV) was used to evaluate the performance of NIPT. Results: The screen-positivity rate of NIPT for RCAs was 0.5% (842/158,824). Of the 528 gravidas who underwent amniocentesis, 29.2% (154/528) were confirmed to have positive prenatal SNP array results. PPVs for rare autosomal trisomies (RATs) and segmental imbalances were 6.1% (7/115) and 21.1% (87/413), respectively. Regions of homozygosity/uniparental disomy (ROH/UPD) were identified in 9.5% (50/528) of gravidas. The PPV for clinically significant findings was 8.0% (42/528), including 7 cases with mosaic RATs, 30 with pathogenic/likely pathogenic copy number variants, and 5 with imprinting disorders. Conclusion: NIPT for common fetal aneuploidies yielded low PPVs for RATs, moderate PPVs for segmental imbalances, and incidental findings for ROH/UPD. Due to the low PPV for clinically significant findings, NIPT for common fetal aneuploidies need to be noticed for RCAs.

16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 984741, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187946

RESUMO

Background: Corynebacterium accolens (C. accolens) is a common nasal colonizer, whereas Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is typically regarded a pathogenic organism in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aims to evaluate the interaction of the two bacteria in vitro. Methods: Clinical isolates of C. accolens and S. aureus from sinonasal swabs, as well as primary human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) cultured from cellular brushings of both healthy and CRS patients were used for this study. The cell-free culture supernatants of all isolates grown alone and in co-cultures were tested for their effects on transepithelial electrical resistance (TER), FITC-Dextran permeability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 and IL-8 secretion of HNECs. Confocal scanning laser microscopy and immunofluorescence were also used to visualize the apical junctional complexes. C. accolens cell-free culture supernatants were also tested for antimicrobial activity and growth on planktonic and biofilm S. aureus growth. Results: The cell-free culture supernatants of 3\C. accolens strains (at 60% for S. aureus reference strain and 30% concentration for S. aureus clinical strains) inhibited the growth of both the planktonic S. aureus reference and clinical strains significantly. The C. accolens cell-free culture supernatants caused no change in the TER or FITC-Dextran permeability of the HNEC-ALI cultures, while the cell-free culture supernatants of S. aureus strains had a detrimental effect. Cell-free culture supernatants of C. accolens co-cultured with both the clinical and reference strains of S. aureus delayed the S. aureus-dependent mucosal barrier damage in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: Corynebacterium accolens cell-free culture supernatants appear to inhibit the growth of the S. aureus planktonic bacteria, and may reduce the mucosal barrier damage caused by S. aureus.

17.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 8383885, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164611

RESUMO

DHCR7 is a rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis. The expression pattern and prognostic value of DHCR7 in cervical cancer are unknown. We investigated the relationship between DHCR7 expression and clinicopathological features of cervical cancer patients. The dataset was acquired from TCGA database. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to explore DHCR7 expression level in cervical cancer. The Kruskal-Wallis test and the logistic regression were performed to estimate the association between the DHCR7 and clinical features. The Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate factors that affect cervical cancer prognosis. GSEA was used to screen the DHCR7-related pathways. We found that DHCR7 was increased in cervical cancer samples and increased DHCR7 was correlated with advanced T stage, lymph node invasion, and clinical stage (P < 0.05). Patients with elevated DHCR7 levels had poorer overall survival (P = 0.021), progression-free interval (P = 0.002), and disease-specific survival (P = 0.005). Cox analysis revealed that DHCR7 was an independent prognostic factor in cervical cancer (P = 0.005). WNT activated receptor activity, G2/M checkpoint, mTORC1 signaling, KRAS signaling, regulation of cholesterol biosynthetic, FGF signaling, T-cell receptor signaling, JAK/STAT signaling cascade T cell activation, and macrophage migration were enriched in high DHCR7 phenotype. Our data also showed that DHCR7 moderately correlates with T-cell infiltration, including CD8+ T-cells. Conclusion. Increased DHCR7 expression is associated with poor survival in cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-CH , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-CH/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
18.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 17: 2053-2065, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081764

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of different forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1) reference equations on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) airflow limitation (AFL) classification. Methods: We conducted a COPD screening program for residents over 40 years old from 2019 to 2021. All residents received the COPD screening questionnaire (COPD-SQ) and spirometry. Postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC (forced vital capacity) <0.7 was used as the diagnostic criterion of COPD and two reference equations of FEV1 predicted values were used for AFL severity classification: the European Respiratory Society Global Lung Function Initiative reference equation in 2012 (GLI-2012) and the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health reference equation in 2017 (GIRH-2017). Clinical characteristics of patients in GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) 1-4 grades classified by the two reference equations were compared. Results: Among 3524 participants, 659 subjects obtained a COPD-SQ score of 16 or more and 743 participants were found to have AFL. The COPD-SQ showed high sensitivity (59%) and specificity (91%) in primary COPD screening. Great differences in COPD severity classification were found when applying the two equations (p < 0.001). Compared with GIRH-2017, patients with AFL classified by GLI-2012 equations were significantly severer. The relationship between symptom scores, acute exacerbation (AE) history distributions and COPD severities classified by the two equations showed a consistent trend of positive but weak correlation. Group A, B, C and D existed in all GOLD 1 to 3 COPD patients, but in GOLD 4, only Groups B and D existed. However, no clear significant differences were found in symptoms, AE risk assessments, risk factors exposure and even the combined ABCD grouping under the two equations. Conclusion: There were significant differences in COPD AFL severity classification with GLI-2012 and GIRH-2017 FEV1 reference equations. But these severity estimation differences did not affect symptoms, AE risk assessments and ABCD grouping of patients at all GOLD grades.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Adulto , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Espirometria , Capacidade Vital
19.
Saudi Pharm J ; 30(8): 1079-1087, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164567

RESUMO

Background: Although heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a serious disease, only limited options are available for its treatment. Recent studies have analyzed the effects of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors, especially PDE5 and PDE3 inhibitors, in patients with HFpEF, with mixed outcomes. Methods: We searched PUBMED and EMBASE databases up to August 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical trials that tested the effects of PDE inhibitors on patients with HFpEF were included as eligible studies. Indicators of left ventricular (LV) function, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), right ventricular (RV) function, exercise capacity, and quality of life (QOL) were used to evaluate the efficacy of PDE inhibitors in HFpEF. Results: Six RCTs that reported in 7 studies were included to evaluate the efficiency of PDE inhibitors on HFpEF patients. In the pooled analysis, PDE inhibitors showed insignificant changes in the ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow to annular velocities, left atrial volume index, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), peak oxygen uptake, 6-minute walking test distance, as well as Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score. However, substantial improvement was observed in the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). Additionally, the regression analysis showed that PDE inhibitor administration time is a critical factor for the decrease in PASP. Conclusions: PDE inhibitors did not effectively improve LV function, PAP, exercise capacity, and QOL in patients with HFpEF. However, they improved RV function with significant difference, suggesting that PDE inhibitors might be a promising option for HFpEF patients with RV dysfunction.

20.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604988, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147882

RESUMO

Objective: To delineate the mortality trends of malignant tumors, heart disease and cerebrovascular disease in China. Methods: The crude mortality from 2003 to 2019 was derived from the China Health Statistical Yearbook, and the mortality rates were analyzed through joinpoint regression supplemented by descriptive statistics and χ2 tests. Results: The fitting model of age-standardized mortality due to malignant tumors showed three joinpoints. The APCs from 2003 to 2005, 2005-2008, 2008-2012 and 2012-2019 were -11.00%, 9.63%, -4.67% and -1.40%, respectively, and the AAPC was -1.54%. The mortality rate of cerebrovascular disease consistently decreased (APC = AAPC = -0.98%). In the subgroup analyses, significant differences were observed between sexes and regions. The mortality rate of heart disease among rural females exhibited an upward trend (APC = AAPC = 2.33%). Older adults aged over 75 years had the highest mortality rates and the most drastic change. Conclusion: The three diseases had variable change trends. The government should focus more on policies that promote the equalization of basic public health services. Continuous education on heart disease, which includes not only beneficial behaviors but also knowledge of first aid, should be strengthened for rural females.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Cardiopatias , Neoplasias , Idoso , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade , População Rural
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