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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 123338, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706881

RESUMO

In this study, we innovatively synthesized a multifunctional PVA/PU-LNP composite hydrogel with integrated distinguished UV-blocking, mechanical strength, dynamic viscoelasticity and thermal properties by introducing lignin nanoparticle (LNP) into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyurethane (PU) mixed matrix through freeze-thaw cycle. The rigid porous network structure was established by hydrogen bond interactions among the well-distributed LNP and PVA/PU molecular chains, which endowed excellent mechanical strength, viscoelasticity, thermal stability and flexibility with PVA/PU-LNP composite hydrogel. The elongation at break and tensile strength of PVA/PU-LNP composite hydrogel were markedly improved from 227.3 % and 247.1 KPa to 460.1 % and 950.4 KPa with the LNP loading of 2 % based on PVA weight, respectively. Meanwhile, PVA/PU-2%LNP hydrogel exhibited prominent compressive resistance and pleasing shape recovery capability. Moreover, the blending of LNP at a low dosage (0.5 %) based on PVA weight effectively shielded 99.34 % of UV light and penetrated 42.27 % of visible light, indicating that PVA/PU-LNP composite hydrogel demonstrated outstanding anti-UV performance. In addition, the incorporation of LNP caused a remarkable decline in the pore size of PVA/PU-LNP composite hydrogel (4.39 ±â€¯0.46 µm to 1.54 ±â€¯0.22 µm), which slightly reduced water uptake capacity of composite hydrogel. Therefore, this work provided a new approach to constructing a multifunctional composite hydrogel.

2.
Cancer ; 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36704995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little longitudinal information about the type and frequency of harm resulting from medication errors among outpatient children with cancer. We aimed to characterize rates and types of medication errors and harm to outpatient children with leukemia and lymphoma over 7 months of treatment. METHODS: We recruited children taking medications at home for leukemia or lymphoma from three pediatric cancer centers. Errors were identified by chart review, in-home medication review, observation of administration, and interviews. Physician reviewers confirmed error (Fleiss' κ = 0.95), harm (Fleiss' κ = 0.82), and suggested interventions. Generalized linear mixed models with random effects were used to account for clustering by site. RESULTS: Among 131 children taking 1669 medications with 367 home visits, 408 errors were identified, including 242 with potential for harm and 39 with harm (1.0 harm per 1000 patient-days [95% CI, 0.1-9.8]). Ten percent of children were injured by errors and 42% had errors with potential for harm. Twenty-six percent of caregivers reported that miscommunication led to missed doses or overdoses at home. Children on >13 medications had significantly more serious medication errors than those on fewer medications (77% vs 61%; p = .05). Physician reviewers judged that improved communication among caregivers and between caregivers and clinicians may have prevented the most harm (66%). CONCLUSIONS: In this longitudinal study, 10% children with leukemia or lymphoma experienced adverse drug events because of outpatient medication errors. Improvements addressing communication with and among caregivers should be codeveloped with families and based on human-factors engineering. PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: In this longitudinal study, medication errors in the clinic, pharmacy, or at home among children with leukemia or lymphoma over a 7-month period were common, and 10% suffered harm because of errors. Children on >13 medications had significantly more serious medication errors than those on fewer medications (77% vs 61%; p = .05). Physician reviewers judged that improved communication among caregivers and between caregivers and clinicians may have prevented the most harm (66%). Improvements addressing communication with and among caregivers should be codeveloped with families and based on human-factors engineering.

3.
J Gene Med ; : e3474, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of splicing factor-coding genes polymorphisms on pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) susceptibility is still unclear. METHODS: A case-control designed model was used to estimate the overall risk of pediatric ALL and five SNPs of splicing factor-coding genes in 808 cases and 1340 controls, which were genotyped using a TaqMan assay. Stratified analysis was performed to explore the association of rs2233911 genotype and pediatric ALL susceptibility. The influence of splicing factor arginine/serine-rich 1 (SFRS1) polymorphisms on the sensitivity to different chemotherapeutic regimens based on minimal residual disease (MRD) levels were analyzed. The haplotype analysis was adopted to evaluate the association between inferred haplotypes of the splicing factor-coding genes and pediatric ALL risk. RESULTS: Among the five analyzed SNPs, SFRS1 rs2233911 AG/GG exhibited a significant association with increased pediatric ALL risk. The stratified analysis further identified the harmful effect of SFRS1 rs2233911 AG/GG in specific subgroups. Moreover, rs2233911 AG/GG had a protective effect on MRD in marrow≥0.01% on the 12 weeks of Chinese Children Cancer Group chemotherapeutics (CCCGs), but provided a harmful effect on MRD in marrow ≥0.01% on the 15th-19th day of South China Children Leukemia Group chemotherapeutics (SCCLGs). Haplotype analysis of these five SNPs yielded that haplotypes ACGCC and ACGTC significantly correlated with increased pediatric ALL susceptibility. On the contrary, haplotypes GCATG and GTACC were linked with remarkably decreased pediatric ALL risk. CONCLUSION: SFRS1 gene polymorphism was associated with increased pediatric ALL risk and indicated that rs2233911 AG/GG might be a potential biomarker for choosing chemotherapeutics.

4.
Carcinogenesis ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36591938

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PaCa) is one of the most fatal malignancies of the digestive system, and most patients are diagnosed at advanced stages due to the lack of specific and effective tumor-related biomarkers for the early detection of PaCa. miR-492 has been found to be upregulated in PaCa tumor tissue and may serve as a potential therapeutic target. However, the molecular mechanisms by which miR-492 promotes PaCa tumor growth and progression are unclear. In this study, we first found that miR-492 in enhancer loci activated neighboring genes (NR2C1/NDUFA12/TMCC3) and promoted PaCa cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. We also observed that miR-492-activating genes significantly enriched the TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling pathway in PaCa to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during tumorigenesis and development. Using CRISPR-Cas9 and ChIP assays, we further observed that miR-492 acted as an enhancer trigger, and that antagomiR-492 repressed PaCa tumorigenesis in vivo, decreased the expression levels of serum TGF-ß, and suppressed the EMT process by downregulating the expression of NR2C1. Our results demonstrate that miR-492, as an enhancer trigger, facilitates PaCa progression via the NR2C1-TGF-ß/Smad3 pathway.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655850

RESUMO

Selective reaction of diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) and 1,2-aminothiol in water at pH 7.4 produces an amide conjugate with the release of thiol. In addition, structural modifications of DPCP enable the coupling rate to be tuned with a reaction constant of +3.68. Based on this chemistry, triple labelling was demonstrated by treating an N-terminal cysteine peptide with DPCP-Cl followed by thiol-maleimide and tyrosine-diazonium couplings in one pot. We anticipate that the DPCP motif will be a useful toolkit for multiple bioconjugation.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614246

RESUMO

Phytophthora root rot is a destructive soybean disease worldwide, which is caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae (P. sojae). Wall-associated protein kinase (WAK) genes, a family of the receptor-like protein kinase (RLK) genes, play important roles in the plant signaling pathways that regulate stress responses and pathogen resistance. In our study, we found a putative Glycine max wall-associated protein kinase, GmWAK1, which we identified by soybean GmLHP1 RNA-sequencing. The expression of GmWAK1 was significantly increased by P. sojae and salicylic acid (SA). Overexpression of GmWAK1 in soybean significantly improved resistance to P. sojae, and the levels of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), SA, and SA-biosynthesis-related genes were markedly higher than in the wild-type (WT) soybean. The activities of enzymatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) antioxidants in GmWAK1-overexpressing (OE) plants were significantly higher than those in in WT plants treated with P. sojae; reactive oxygen species (ROS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) accumulation was considerably lower in GmWAK1-OE after P. sojae infection. GmWAK1 interacted with annexin-like protein RJ, GmANNRJ4, which improved resistance to P. sojae and increased intracellular free-calcium accumulation. In GmANNRJ4-OE transgenic soybean, the calmodulin-dependent kinase gene GmMPK6 and several pathogenesis-related (PR) genes were constitutively activated. Collectively, these results indicated that GmWAK1 interacts with GmANNRJ4, and GmWAK1 plays a positive role in soybean resistance to P. sojae via a process that might be dependent on SA and involved in alleviating damage caused by oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Phytophthora , Soja , Soja/genética , Soja/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Phytophthora/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Proteínas de Soja/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética
7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 23(1): 38, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646997

RESUMO

Applying Biochar (BC) or biofertilizers (BF) are potential approaches to reduce the nitrogen input and mitigate soil degradation in the maize soybean relay strip intercropping system (IS). In 2019 and 2020, a two-factor experiment was carried out to examine the effects of BC and BF on soil productivity and yield production in IS. 4 N input levels (8.4, 22.5, 45 kg, and 67.5 kg ha - 1) referred to as N0, N1, N2, and N3 were paired with various organic treatments, including BC (150 kg ha - 1), BF (300 kg ha - 1), and without organic amendments (CK). The results demonstrated that, despite BF decreasing the biomass and N distribution into grains, BF performed better on improved soybean yield (5.2-8.5%) by increasing the accumulation of soybean biomass (7.2 ~ 11.6%) and N (7.7%). Even though BC and BF have a detrimental effect on soybean nitrogen fixation by reducing nodule number and weight, the values of soybean nitrogenase activity and nitrogen fixation potential in BF were higher than those in BC. Additionally, BF performs better at boosting the soil's nitrogen content and nitrate reductase and urease activity. BF increased the concentration of total N, soil organic matter, Olsen-phosphorus, and alkaline hydrolyzable N in the soil by 13.0, 17.1, 22.0, and 7.4%, respectively, compared to CK. Above all, applying BF combination with N2 (45 kg ha - 1 N) is a feasible strategy to raise crop grain output and keep soil productivity over the long term in IS.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Soja , Soja/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Solo
8.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 240(2): 283-293, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with circadian disturbances in which melanopsin was a key mechanism. Further studies have demonstrated that melanopsin gene variations are associated with some depressive disorders and aberrant light can impair mood through melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs). The goal of this study was to explore the direct relationship between depression and melanopsin. METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 male mice were physically restrained for 16 h in a 50-ml polypropylene centrifuge tube and all behavioral tests were performed after CRS treatment. Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence were used to detect melanopsin expression in the retina of C57BL/6 mice. And we observed the change of the electrophysiological function and release of glutamate of mRGCs. RESULTS: The melanopsin expression upregulate in mRGCs of chronic restraint stress (CRS)-treating mice which exhibit depression-like behavior. The frequency of blue light-induced action potentials and light-induced glutamate release mediated by melanopsin also increase significantly. This change of melanopsin is mediated by the CRS-induced glucocorticoid. CONCLUSIONS: CRS may induce the depression-like behavior in mice via glucocorticoid-melanopsin pathway. Our findings provide a novel mechanistic link between CRS-induced depression and melanopsin in mice.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463495

RESUMO

A cathode material, Na2[(VO)2(HPO4)2(C2O4)]·2H2O, for aqueous zinc-ion batteries is synthesized by a hydrothermal method. Na2[(VO)2(HPO4)2(C2O4)]·2H2O presents a two-dimensional layered structure and sheetlike morphology, which provide fast and reversible Zn2+ insertion/extraction. Na2[(VO)2(HPO4)2(C2O4)]·2H2O delivers a high average voltage plateau (∼1.3 V), a moderate specific capacity (90 mA h g-1), and good cycle stability (100% after 100 cycles). The Zn2+ storage mechanism is investigated by in situ XRD and ex situ XPS.

10.
Brain Sci ; 12(12)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552058

RESUMO

The self-perception or self-experience of patients with depersonalization/derealization disorder (DPD) is altered, leading to a profound disruption in self-awareness. The main aim of the study is to explore the characteristics of subliminal self-face processing in DPD patients. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental study that has measured and evaluated subliminal self-processing in DPD. To better understand this, we examined the ability of patients with DPD and healthy controls (HC) to identify pictures of faces using an experimental paradigm of breaking continuous flash suppression. There were 23 DPD outpatients from Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University and 23 matched HC who participated in this experiment. The time needed for a face to break into awareness was taken as the measure of participants' subliminal processing of that face. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the DPD patients and HC in subliminal reaction times to different faces. Under experimental conditions, the average reaction response of self-face recognition in the HC group was significantly faster than for a famous face. However, this difference was not observed in DPD patients, which means that DPD patients did not show the processing advantage of their own faces as did the HC. The results suggest a deficit in subliminal self-face processing in DPD.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 977110, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568539

RESUMO

Background: There is little evidence of the effectiveness of switching from the endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) bosentan and ambrisentan to a novel ERA, macitentan, in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of patients with PAH switching from other ERAs to macitentan. Methods: We retrieved the relevant literature published before January 2022 for the meta-analysis from the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. Efficacy included changes in the 6-min walk distance (6MWD), World Health Organization functional class (WHO-FC), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, hemodynamics, echocardiography and survival. Results: Nine studies, consisting of 408 PAH patients, that met the inclusion criteria were included. The switch from bosentan or ambrisentan to macitentan effectively increased the 6MWD by 20.71 m (95% CI: 10.35-31.07, P < 0.00001, I 2 = 0%). Six months after conversion, the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion was found to improve from 19.0 ± 4.0 to 21.0 ± 5.0 mm in adults and from 16.00 ± 5.0 to 18.25 ± 4.8 mm in children. Ordinal logistic regression showed that the WHO-FC significantly improved by 0.412 (95% CI: 0.187-0.908, P = 0.028). The switch did not show significant improvement in NT-proBNP levels. In addition, the switch was well tolerated. Conclusion: The switch from bosentan or ambrisentan to macitentan significantly increased the 6MWD in PAH patients, improved the WHO-FC, and exerted safety benefits. The effects of the switch on NT-proBNP levels, hemodynamics, and echocardiography still need to be further confirmed. Systematic review registration: [https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/], identifier [CRD42021292554].

12.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 513, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36577987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main barriers keeping individuals with high-risk of angle closure from seeking eye-care service are the absence of both disease awareness and convenient and low-cost access to the ocular health care system. Present study described the efficacy of a health examination center-based screening model designed to detect eyes with high risk of angle closure (HRAC) among healthy individuals using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: From March 1 to April 30, 2017, consecutive individuals aged ≥ 40 years undergoing routine physical examinations at a health examination center were invited to enroll. Presenting visual acuity (PVA), intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, non-mydriatic fundus photography and AS-OCT were performed by three trained nurses. Participants with PVA < 6/12 in the better-seeing eye, IOP ≥ 24 mmHg, or abnormal fundus photography in either eye were referred to the outpatient clinic, but not included in the analysis. Eyes with HRAC were defined as having trabecular-iris angle < 12 degrees in ≥ 3 quadrants. Configuration of the iris was classified into flat, bowing, bombe, thick peripheral iris and mixed mechanism. RESULTS: Altogether, 991 participants (77.3%) with readable OCT images (mean age 55.5 ± 9.0 years; 58.4% men) were included. HRAC was diagnosed in 78 eyes (7.9%, 61.3 ± 8.2 years, 41.0% men). The prevalence of HRAC increased with age (p < 0.001) and was much higher among women (11.2%) than men (5.5%) (p = 0.001). The mixed mechanism iris configuration was most common among eyes with HRAC (37/78, 47.4%). CONCLUSION: HRAC is prevalent among asymptomatic Chinese adults undergoing routine health screening. Health examination center-based eye screening with AS-OCT administered by non-specialists may be a good model to screen narrow angles in the population at large.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/diagnóstico , Gonioscopia , Iris/diagnóstico por imagem , Segmento Anterior do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Cell Rep ; 41(10): 111774, 2022 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476853

RESUMO

Mitochondrial damage causes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) release to activate the type I interferon (IFN-I) response via the cGAS-STING pathway. mtDNA-induced inflammation promotes autoimmune- and aging-related degenerative disorders. However, the global picture of inflammation-inducing mitochondrial damages remains obscure. Here, we have performed a mitochondria-targeted CRISPR knockout screen for regulators of the IFN-I response. Strikingly, our screen reveals dozens of hits enriched with key regulators of cristae architecture, including phospholipid cardiolipin and protein complexes such as OPA1, mitochondrial contact site and cristae organization (MICOS), sorting and assembly machinery (SAM), mitochondrial intermembrane space bridging (MIB), prohibitin (PHB), and the F1Fo-ATP synthase. Disrupting these cristae organizers consistently induces mtDNA release and the STING-dependent IFN-I response. Furthermore, knocking out MTX2, a subunit of the SAM complex whose null mutations cause progeria in humans, induces a robust STING-dependent IFN-I response in mouse liver. Taken together, beyond revealing the central role of cristae architecture to prevent mtDNA release and inflammation, our results mechanistically link mitochondrial cristae disorganization and inflammation, two emerging hallmarks of aging and aging-related degenerative diseases.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética
14.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278913, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36490295

RESUMO

Suicide risk among transgender populations is an important public health issue. In a project evaluating association between gender affirmation and suicide attempts in the US Transgender Survey, we evaluated the relationship between gender affirmation and risk for suicide attempts. One of the challenges is that the age at suicide attempts was only collected for the first and last attempt. The initial zero-inflated negative binomial model enabled us to evaluate the association between gender affirmation and number of suicide attempts per 5 years adjusting for other covariates. However, ignoring missing failure times of recurrent events may have caused bias and loss of efficiency. In this paper, we use a recurrent-event survival analysis incorporating time-varying covariates with three approaches to impute the age at suicide attempt, estimates from three imputation approaches are similar. We were able to confirm the findings from the initial model and identify additional associations that were not detected in the initial analysis. Findings suggest the need to consider additional analytical approaches in settings with high data missingness by design. Research to validate and compare measures that ask first and last attempt to those which enumerate all attempts in this population will be important for future surveys.


Assuntos
Tentativa de Suicídio , Pessoas Transgênero , Humanos , Identidade de Gênero , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2202510, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373720

RESUMO

Mixed human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are widely applied in clinical trials to treat various diseases due to their multipotent differentiation potential and immune regulatory activities. However, the lack of a clear understanding of their heterogeneity hampers their application to precisely treat diseases. Moreover, few studies have experimentally authenticated the functions of so-called UC-MSC subpopulations classified from scRNA-seq samples. Here, this work draws a large-scale single-cell transcriptomic atlas and identified three clusters (C1, C2, and C3), representing the primed, intermediate, and stem statuses individually. The C1 and C3 clusters feature higher expression of cytokines and stemness markers, respectively. Surprisingly, further experimental assays reveal that the BAMBIhigh MFGE8high C1 subgroup has a unique phenotype, distinct transcriptomic profile, and limited adipogenic differentiation potential but compromised immunosuppressive activity in vitro and in vivo in lupus mice. Thus, this work is helpful to clarify the nature of human UC-MSCs and to choose optimal MSC types to treat specific diseases in the future.

16.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 16: 1024192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439199

RESUMO

Introduction: Abnormalities of the cerebellum have been displayed to be a manifestation of schizophrenia (SCH) which is a detrimental psychiatric disorder. It has been recognized that the cerebellum contributes to motor function, sensorimotor function, cognition, and other brain functions in association with cerebral functions. Multiple studies have observed that abnormal alterations in cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity (FC) were shown in patients with SCH. However, the FC of cerebellar networks in SCH remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we explored the FC of cerebellar networks of 45 patients with first-episode SCH and 45 healthy control (HC) subjects by using a defined Yeo 17 network parcellation system. Furthermore, we performed a correlation analysis between cerebellar networks' FC and positive and negative symptoms in patients with first-episode SCH. Finally, we established the classification model to provide relatively suitable features for patients with first-episode SCH concerning the cerebellar networks. Results: We found lower between-network FCs between 14 distinct cerebellar network pairs in patients with first-episode SCH, compared to the HCs. Significantly, the between-network FC in N2-N15 was positively associated with positive symptom severity; meanwhile, N4-N15 was negatively associated with negative symptom severity. Besides, our results revealed a satisfactory classification accuracy (79%) of these decreased between-network FCs of cerebellar networks for correctly identifying patients with first-episode SCH. Conclusion: Conclusively, between-network abnormalities in the cerebellum are closely related to positive and negative symptoms of patients with first-episode SCH. In addition, the classification results suggest that the cerebellar networks can be a potential target for further elucidating the underlying mechanisms in first-episode SCH.

17.
ACS Omega ; 7(44): 39760-39771, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385800

RESUMO

Oral cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the head and neck, and approximately 90% of oral cancers are oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). The purinergic P2Y2 receptor is upregulated in breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, colorectal cancer, and liver cancer, but its role in OSCC is still unclear. Here, we examined the effects of P2Y2 on the invasion and migration of oral cancer cells (SCC15 and CAL27). The BALB/c mouse model was used to observe the involvement of P2Y2 with tumors in vivo. P2Y2, Src, and EGFR are highly expressed in OSCC tissues and cell lines. Stimulation with ATP significantly enhanced cell invasion and migration in oral cancer cells, and enhanced the activity of Src and EGFR protein kinases, which is mediated by the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. P2Y2 knockdown attenuated the above ATP-driven events in vitro and in vivo. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was blocked by Src or EGFR inhibitor. Extracellular ATP activates the PI3K/AKT pathway through the P2Y2-Src-EGFR axis to promote OSCC invasion and migration, and thus, P2Y2 may be a potential novel target for antimetastasis therapy.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1016258, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387088

RESUMO

Background context: Patients with spinal metastases always have a poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disease- and treatment-related adverse outcomes. The Spine Oncology Study Group Outcomes Questionnaire (SOSGOQ) has been verified and validated in English for patients with spinal metastases but not in Chinese. Purpose: This paper aimed to complete the cross-cultural adaptation of the Chinese version of the SOSGOQ, to verify its reliability and validity, and to report on the HRQoL of Chinese patients with spinal metastases. Study design/setting: This is a single-center, prospective, observational cross-sectional study. Patient sample: Seventy-six patients were enrolled in this study. Outcome measures: The SOSGOQ is made up of five HRQoL domains (physical function, neurological function, pain, mental health, social function) and post-therapy questions. The EQ-5D 3L questionnaire covers five items in mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain discomfort, and anxiety-depression, each with three answer options. The SF-36 comprises 36 items divided into eight domains. Methods: A single-center, prospective, observational cross-sectional study involving patients with spinal metastases who underwent surgery was conducted. HRQoL was evaluated using the Chinese version of the SOSGOQ, the Medical Outcomes Study Questionnaire Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), and the EuroQol 5-Dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D). Demographic, tumor, symptom, and treatment data, as well as Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) information, were collected. Internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, concurrent validity, and clinical validity were used to evaluate reliability. A Spearman's correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between variables. Results: This study enrolled 76 patients, with a mean age of 55.8 years. The kidney was the most common primary tumor site, and the thoracic spine was the most affected. The internal consistency of the overall SOSQOQ (0.907) was higher than the EQ-5D (0.819), and all items of the SOSQOQ had a high convergent validity (>0.40). The SOSGOQ was significantly correlated with the EQ-5D in respective domains (p < 0.001) and overall score (p < 0.001), whereas the SF-36 was related to the overall SOSGOQ score and most domains. Total SOSGOG was significantly sensitive to changes in ECOG (p = 0.017), prior surgery (p = 0.001), and tumor type (p = 0.026). Conclusions: The SOSGOQ is a reliable and effective tool for evaluating HRQoL in patients with spinal metastases, with high sensitivity and specificity. Surgical treatment can significantly improve patients' HRQoL.

19.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1035254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340386

RESUMO

Enhancing maize lodging resistance with plant growth retardants (PGRs) is common in maize production. However, the underlying mechanisms of yield formation as affected by PGRs are still poorly understood. A field experiment contained PGR application (a mixture of ethephon and cycocel, EC) with normal (T1) and double (T2) doses and water control (CK) was conducted at four maize plant densities (4.5, 6.0, 7.5, and 9.0 plants m-2) in 2020 and 2021. In this two-year study, the grain yield and kernel number per ear (KNE) of EC treatments were reduced by 4.8-9.0% and 3.3-12.2%, respectively, compared with CK under densities of 4.5, 6.0, and 7.5 plants m-2 without lodging. However, under the density of 9.0 plants m-2, EC treatments had no pronounced effects on grain yield and yield components. Across all densities, EC significantly decreased the leaf area index (LAI), and the lowest LAI was recorded in T2. The concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSCs; starch and soluble sugar) in the stem were significantly decreased by 9.9-10.2% in T2 averaged all densities. The sucrose and starch concentrations in grains also declined in the EC treatments. The key enzymes (cell wall acid invertase, sucrose synthase, and adenosine diphosphate pyrophosphorylase) and grain polyamine concentrations showed a slight downward trend under EC treatments compared to CK. NSCs in stems and grains, kernel enzyme activities, and polyamines in grains presented significant positive correlations with KNE. Additionally, structural carbohydrate (SC; including cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) concentrations in stems were improved with enhanced lodging resistance by spraying EC. Significant negative relationships were observed between SC with kernel number m-2 (KNM) and yield, suggesting that improved SC in stems might affect the availability of NSCs for kernel set. Although the lowest kernel weight and KNE were obtained at 9.0 plant m-2, relatively high LAI still ensured high KNM and high yield. Collectively, EC treatment increased SC in stems, enhanced lodging resistance of maize and reduced NSC availability for kernels, ultimately presenting adverse effects on maize kernel number and yield under relative low density.

20.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0146222, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445118

RESUMO

The giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is an important aquaculture species in China. Growth retardation disease (GRD) is a common contagious disease in M. rosenbergii, resulting in slow growth and precocious puberty in prawns, and has caused growing economic losses in the M. rosenbergii industry. To investigate the viral diversity of M. rosenbergii and identify potentially high-risk viruses linked to GRD, virome analysis of the GRD-affected and normal M. rosenbergii was carried out using next-generation sequencing (NGS). A total of 327 contigs (>500 bp) were related to viral sequences belonging to 23 families/orders and a group of unclassified viruses. The majority of the viral contigs in M. rosenbergii belonged to the order Picornavirales, with the Solinviviridae family being the most abundant in both the diseased and normal groups. Furthermore, 16 RNA viral sequences with nearly complete genomes were characterized and phylogenetically analyzed, belonging to the families Solinviviridae, Flaviviridae, Polycipiviridae, Marnaviridae, and Dicistroviridae as well as three new clades of the order Picornavirales. Notably, the cross-species transmission of a picorna-like virus was observed between M. rosenbergii and plants. The "core virome" seemed to be present in the diseased and normal prawns. Still, a clear difference in viral abundance was observed between the two groups. These results showed that the broad diversity of viruses is present in M. rosenbergii and that the association between viruses and disease of M. rosenbergii needs to be further investigated. IMPORTANCE Growth retardation disease (GRD) has seriously affected the development and economic growth of the M. rosenbergii aquaculture industry. Our virome analysis showed that diverse viral sequences were present in M. rosenbergii, significantly expanding our knowledge of viral diversity in M. rosenbergii. Some differences in viral composition were noted between the diseased and normal prawns, indicating that some viruses become more abundant in occurrences or outbreaks of diseases. In the future, more research will be needed to determine which viruses pose a risk for M. rosenbergii. Our study provides important baseline information contributing to disease surveillance and risk assessment in M. rosenbergii aquaculture.

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