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2.
J Anesth ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409901
3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 99, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414397

RESUMO

The letter to the editor made several comments on possible issues in the recent article by Zhang et al. determining the risk factors of acute kidney injury after pulmonary endarterectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass, which has been published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery at December 30, 2019.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251829

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction for the treatment of severe and rigid congenital scoliosis (SRCS) associated with tethered spinal cord (TSC) and type II split cord malformation (SCM). METHODS: Thirteen patients with SRCS associated with TSC and type II SCM underwent posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction. The preoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was 88.87° ± 12.15°; the mean flexibility was 15.28% ± 3.88%; and the mean angle of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was 39.63° ± 18.47° and 56.99° ± 10.02°, respectively. RESULTS: The mean duration of surgery was 320 ± 43.64 minutes and the mean blood loss was 1422.31 ± 457.59 mL. The mean follow-up period was 24.46 ± 7.53 months. After heavy halo-femoral traction, the mean coronal Cobb angle was reduced to 59.14° ± 8.75°. After posterior-only surgical correction, postoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was further reduced to 33.85° ± 8.77°. The postoperative mean correction rate was 62.46% ± 5.04%. The postoperative mean angle of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was 29.31° ± 6.75° and 47.79° ± 3.68°, respectively. At the final follow-up, the corrective loss rate of Cobb angle was only 0.69%. There were no significant differences between final follow-up and preoperative modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association total scores. The Scoliosis Research Society-22 total score improved at the final follow-up evaluation compared with the preoperative total score. CONCLUSIONS: Without prophylactic neurosurgical intervention and spine-shortening osteotomy, posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction could be safe and effective for the treatment of SRCS associated with TSC and type II SCM.

7.
Infect Genet Evol ; 82: 104292, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) gene polymorphism and tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility in Han population in southern China. METHODS: A total of 341 patients with TB (173 with pulmonary TB and 168 with multifocal TB) and 359 healthy controls were enrolled. Genotyping was performed by PCR and DNA sequencing, and detection of protein was performed by western blot. RESULTS: The distributions of genotype and allele frequencies of rs6127698 differed significantly between the pulmonary and multifocal TB groups, and between the multifocal TB and control groups. The GG genotype was significantly more common among multifocal TB patients than among pulmonary TB patients (P = .009) and those in the control group (P = .001) under the recessive model. GG+GT genotype was more common in multifocal TB than in pulmonary TB (P < .01) and control group (P < .01) under the dominant model. G allele was more common in multifocal TB than in pulmonary TB (P < .0167) and control group (P < .0167). Patients with multifocal TB had an increased expression of MC3R protein than healthy controls (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In the southern Chinese Han population, the MC3R rs6127698 polymorphism, which accompanying an increased expression of MC3R protein,was associated with susceptibility to multifocal TB. Presence of the G allele increased the risk of developing multifocal TB.

20.
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