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1.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 34(1): 1-8, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thoracoscopic epicardial ablation with a limited lesion set led to suboptimal results for advanced paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) or persistent AF. Whether additional right atrial lesions improve the result is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study involving 80 consecutive patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF, left atrial (LA) dilation (LA diameter >40 mm) and failed prior interventional ablation (40 patients, 50%) who underwent thoracoscopic epicardial ablation with box lesions (36 patients) or bi-atrial (BA) lesion (44 patients) in our institution. Freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias after the procedures was compared between the box lesion group and BA lesion group. RESULTS: Baseline differences included more patients with persistent AF (86.4% vs 47.2%) and larger left atrium [48.00 (44.00-50.75) vs 42.00 (41.25-44.00) mm] in the BA lesion group. There was no difference in procedural complications between the 2 groups. After a mean follow-up of 32 months, the freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias off antiarrhythmic drugs at 6, 12 and 24 months was 77.2%, 77.2% and 77.2% in the BA lesion group and 69.4%, 50.0% and 40.6% in the box lesion group, respectively (P = 0.006). After adjustment for sex, age, body mass index, LA diameter, AF type, history of AF, and previous interventional ablation, BA lesion was an independent predictor of lower atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence (hazard ratio 0.447, 95% confidential interval 0.208-0.963; P = 0.040). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the box lesion set, thoracoscopic epicardial ablation with BA lesion sets might provide better freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias for paroxysmal or persistent AF with LA dilation. Randomized control trials are warranted to confirm the benefit of BA lesion sets in these patients.

2.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crassostrea hongkongensis is an important mariculture shellfish with a relatively narrow distribution range. Recently, larger wild oysters were identified as C. hongkongensis from Sanmen bay in East China Sea. No natural distribution had been reported for this species here, and its origin remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assembled the complete 18,617 bp circular mitochondrial genome of C. hongkongensis from Sanmen bay by next generation sequencing. It included 12 protein-coding genes, 23 tRNAs, and two rRNAs. The A/T content of the mitogenome was higher than its G/C content. Similar values and features were previously found for five other specimens of C. hongkongensis, and were comparable to those of other congeneric species. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 12 protein-coding genes and complete mitochondrial sequence indicated that the six specimens of C. hongkongensis formed a monophyletic group and shared a sister group relationship with C. ariakensis, C. nippona, C. sikamea, C. angulata, C. gigas, and C. iredalei, whereas specimens from the Sanmen bay area clustered later with the five other C. hongkongensis individuals, sharing a sub-clade. The newly sequenced mitogenome had more singleton sites than previously published C. hongkongensis mitogenomes. CONCLUSIONS: Crassostrea hongkongensis may be a native species, and the species' range extends further to the north than previously known. Our data may therefore contribute to a better understanding of the species diversity and conservation of Crassostrea oysters.

3.
Bone Res ; 10(1): 5, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013104

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IVDD) is the main cause of low back pain with major social and economic burdens; however, its underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly defined. Here we show that the focal adhesion protein Kindlin-2 is highly expressed in the nucleus pulposus (NP), but not in the anulus fibrosus and the cartilaginous endplates, in the IVD tissues. Expression of Kindlin-2 is drastically decreased in NP cells in aged mice and severe IVDD patients. Inducible deletion of Kindlin-2 in NP cells in adult mice causes spontaneous and striking IVDD-like phenotypes in lumbar IVDs and largely accelerates progression of coccygeal IVDD in the presence of abnormal mechanical stress. Kindlin-2 loss activates Nlrp3 inflammasome and stimulates expression of IL-1ß in NP cells, which in turn downregulates Kindlin-2. This vicious cycle promotes extracellular matrix (ECM) catabolism and NP cell apoptosis. Furthermore, abnormal mechanical stress reduces expression of Kindlin-2, which exacerbates Nlrp3 inflammasome activation, cell apoptosis, and ECM catabolism in NP cells caused by Kindlin-2 deficiency. In vivo blocking Nlrp3 inflammasome activation prevents IVDD progression induced by Kindlin-2 loss and abnormal mechanical stress. Of translational significance, adeno-associated virus-mediated overexpression of Kindlin-2 inhibits ECM catabolism and cell apoptosis in primary human NP cells in vitro and alleviates coccygeal IVDD progression caused by mechanical stress in rat. Collectively, we establish critical roles of Kindlin-2 in inhibiting Nlrp3 inflammasome activation and maintaining integrity of the IVD homeostasis and define a novel target for the prevention and treatment of IVDD.

4.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027481

RESUMO

Prostate cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer death among American men. Radiation therapy (RT) is a potentially curative treatment for localized prostate cancer, and failure to control localized disease contributes to the majority of prostate cancer deaths. Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) in prostate cancer, a process by which prostate adenocarcinoma cells transdifferentiate into neuroendocrine-like (NE-like) cells, is an emerging mechanism of resistance to cancer therapies and contributes to disease progression. NED also occurs in response to treatment to promote the development of treatment-induced neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC), a highly-aggressive and terminal stage disease. We previously demonstrated that by mimicking clinical RT protocol, fractionated ionizing radiation (FIR) induces prostate cancer cells to undergo NED in vitro and in vivo. Here, we performed transcriptomic analysis and confirmed that FIR-induced NE-like cells share some features of clinical NEPC, suggesting that FIR-induced NED represents a clinically-relevant model. Further, we demonstrated that protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), a master epigenetic regulator of the DNA damage response and a putative oncogene in prostate cancer, along with its cofactors pICln and MEP50, mediate FIR-induced NED. Knockdown of PRMT5, pICln, or MEP50 during FIR-inhibited NED sensitized prostate cancer cells to radiation. Significantly, PRMT5 knockdown in prostate cancer xenograft tumors in mice during FIR prevented NED, enhanced tumor killing, significantly reduced and delayed tumor recurrence, and prolonged overall survival. Collectively, our results demonstrate that PRMT5 promotes FIR-induced NED and suggests that targeting PRMT5 may be a novel and effective radiosensitization approach for prostate cancer RT.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to validate 3 existing heart transplant risk scores with a single-centre cohort in China and evaluate the efficacy of the 3 systems in predicting mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 428 patients from a single centre who underwent heart transplants from January 2015 to December 2019. All patients were scored using the Index for Mortality Prediction After Cardiac Transplantation (IMPACT) and the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) and risk stratification scores (RSSs). We assessed the efficacy of the risk scores by comparing the observed and the predicted 1-year mortality. Binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the predictive accuracy of the 3 risk scores. Model discrimination was assessed by measuring the area under the receiver operating curves. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed after the patients were divided into different risk groups. RESULTS: Based on our cohort, the observed mortality was 6.54%, whereas the predicted mortality of the IMPACT and UNOS scores and the RSSs was 10.59%, 10.74% and 12.89%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the IMPACT [odds ratio (OR), 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15-1.36; P < 0.001], UNOS (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.37-2.07; P < 0.001) and risk stratification (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.30-2.00; P < 0.001) scores were predictive of 1-year mortality. The discriminative power was numerically higher for the IMPACT score [area under the curve (AUC) of 0.691)] than for the UNOS score (AUC 0.685) and the RSS (AUC 0.648). CONCLUSIONS: We validated the IMPACT and UNOS scores and the RSSs as predictors of 1-year mortality after a heart transplant, but all 3 risk scores had unsatisfactory discriminative powers that overestimated the observed mortality for the Chinese cohort.

6.
Neuroradiology ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981174

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of using Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) on CT perfusion (CTP) map to predict a volumetric target mismatch in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: Three-hundred and seven AIS patients with an onset time within 24h or unclear onset time who underwent CTP evaluation for large vessel occlusion of anterior circulation were enrolled. CTP ASPECTS was evaluated on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and time-to-maximum (Tmax) colored maps, respectively. Automated perfusion analysis software was used to calculate the volumes of ischemic core (volumeCBF<30%) and tissue at risk (volumeTmax>6s). Target mismatch was defined as volumeCBF< 30%<70ml, volumemismatch≥15ml, and volumeTmax >6s/volume CBF< 30%≥1.8. Spearman correlation and receiver operating characteristic curves were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Strong correlations were found between CBF ASPECTS and volumeCBF<30%, and between Tmax ASPECTS and volumeTmax>6s for overall population (ρ=-0.872, -0.757) and late-arriving patients (ρ=-0.900, -0.789). Mismatch ASPECTS moderately correlated with mismatch volume for overall population (ρ=0.498) and late-arriving patients (ρ=0.407). A CBF ASPECTS≥5 optimally predicted an ischemic core volume<70ml in overall population (sensitivity, 94.4%; specificity, 80.4%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 89.5%; specificity, 90.5%). A CBF ASPECTS≥6 combined with a Mismatch ASPECTS≥1 optimally identified a target mismatch in overall population (sensitivity, 84.5%; specificity, 77.0%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 83.7%; specificity, 90.0%). CONCLUSION: CTP ASPECTS might be useful in predicting target mismatch derived from automated perfusion analysis software, and assisting in patient selection for endovascular therapy.

7.
Opt Lett ; 47(2): 313-316, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030595

RESUMO

We propose a Poincaré sphere (PS) analogue for optical vortex knots. The states on the PS analogue represent the light fields containing knotted vortex lines in three-dimensional space. The state changes on the latitude and longitude lines lead to the spatial rotation and scale change of the optical vortex knots, respectively. Furthermore, we experimentally generate and observe these PS analogue states. These results provide new insights for the evolution and control of singular beams, and can be further extended to polarization topology.

8.
Opt Lett ; 47(2): 353-356, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030604

RESUMO

Achieving arbitrary manipulation of the fundamental properties of a light wave with a metasurface is highly desirable and has been extensively developed in recent years. However, common approaches are typically targeted to manipulate only one dimension of light wave (amplitude, phase, or polarization), which is not quite sufficient for the acquisition of integrated multifunctional devices. Here, we propose a strategy to design single-layer dielectric metasurfaces that can achieve multidimensional modulation of a light wave. The critical point of this strategy is spin-decoupled complex amplitude modulation, which is realized by combining propagation and geometric phases with polarization-dependent interference. As proofs of concept, perfect vector vortex beams and polarization-switchable stereoscopic holographic scenes are experimentally demonstrated to exhibit the capability of multidimensional light wave manipulation, which unlocks a flexible approach for the multidimensional manipulation of a light wave such as complex light-wave control and vectorial holography in integrated optics and polarization-oriented applications.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(1): 1212-1221, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967595

RESUMO

All-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries (ASSLSBs) have become a promising candidate because of their high energy density and safety. To ensure the high utilization and electrochemical capacity of sulfur in all-solid-state batteries, both the electronic and ionic conductivities of the sulfur cathode should be as high as possible. In this work, an intercalation-conversion hybrid cathode is proposed by distributing sulfur evenly on electroactive niobium tungsten oxide (Nb18W16O93) and conductive carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for achieving high performance ASSLSBs. Herein, Nb18W16O93 shows good electrochemical lithium storage in the hybrid cathode, which could serve as an effective Li-ion/electron conductor for the conversion of sulfur in the discharge/charge processes to achieve a high utilization of sulfur. However, CNTs could further increase the electronic conductivity of the hybrid cathode by constructing good conductive frameworks and suppress the volumetric fluctuation during the interconversion of sulfur and Li2S. With this strategy, the S/Nb18W16O93/CNT cathode achieves a high sulfur utilization of 91% after one cycle activation with a high gravimetric capacity of 1526 mA h g-1. In addition, excellent rate performance is also obtained at 0.5 C with a reversible capacity of 1262 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles. This work offers a new perspective to develop ASSLSBs.

10.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt C): 112177, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717945

RESUMO

Reverse thermally induced separation (RTIPS) was used to obtain a separation membrane with a better internal structure for a higher water flux and a surface that could easily form a hydration layer. In comparison to the traditional modification method, this work focused on the aspect that the internal structure obtained by changing the membrane-making method provided easier adhesion conditions for the dopamine/TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles (DA/TiO2 HNPs) obtained by biomimetic mineralization. It provided a basis for exploring the variation in adhesion with the water bath temperature and the amount of titanium added through the study of turbidity point, SEM images, water contact angle, thermogravimetric test, EDX, AFM, XPS, FTIR and other test results. The SEM images proved that the membrane obtained through the RTIPS method had a porous surface and spongy internal structure, furthermore, additional polymers were adsorbed. Use of EDX demonstrated that biomimetic mineralization prevented the production of agglomerated titanium dioxide. XPS and FTIR spectra confirmed the introduction and immobilization of HNP aggregation. Moreover, a decrease in the surface roughness and water contact angle further suggested an improvement in the hydrophilicity of the modified membrane. The introduction of HNP at a higher water bath temperature helped increase the water flux up to ten times, moreover, the oil-water separation efficiency could still reach over 99.50%. Lastly, a cycle test of the modified membrane under the optimal conditions helped confirm that the membrane forming conditions at this time could provide a better environment for the formation of the hydrophilic layer, which was conducive to the recycling of the separation membrane. In summary, more fixed more hydrophilic particles could be obtained through the RTIPS method based on biomimetic mineralization to prevent the accumulation of titanium dioxide, thus helping improve permeability and anti-fouling of the membrane.

12.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(1): 61, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934432

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease that is associated with the degradation of articular cartilage. Accumulating evidence has confirmed that LIM mineralization protein-1 (LMP-1) is an important agent of bone formation and has been shown to be osteoinductive in various types of disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of LMP-1 in the pathogenesis of OA remain unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the role and potential mechanism of LMP-1 in IL-1ß-stimulated OA chondrocytes. CHON-001 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-LMP-1, pcDNA3.1, negative control-small interfering (si)RNA or LMP-1 siRNA for 24 h and then induced by IL-1ß for 12 h to establish an OA model in vitro. Cell viability, apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine (IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) release were assessed using MTT assay, flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. The expression levels of LMP-1, cleaved-caspase 3, phosphorylated (p)-p65, p65, p-JNK and JNK were analyzed using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting. Overexpression of LMP-1 notably alleviated the IL-1ß-induced inflammatory response in CHON-001 cells, as shown by increased cell viability, decreased apoptosis, suppressed expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and a decreased cleaved-caspase 3/caspase 3 ratio. Moreover, IL-1ß-induced secretion of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in CHON-001 cells; this was reversed by pcDNA3.1-LMP-1. However, knocking down LMP-1 expression exert opposite effects on the IL-1ß-induced inflammatory response in CHON-001 cells, as evidenced by the decreased cell viability, increased apoptosis, enhanced expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and cleaved-caspase 3/caspase 3 ratio and enhanced secretion of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α observed. The present data demonstrated that LMP-1 siRNA notably inhibited LMP-1 expression, suppressed cell viability, promoted apoptosis and enhanced cleaved-caspase 3 expression and cleaved-caspase 3/caspase 3 ratio. In addition, LMP-1 siRNA promoted the release of inflammatory factors in CHON-001 cells. It was also found that pcDNA3.1-LMP-1 inhibited p-p65 and p-JNK expression, as well as decreasing the p-p65/p65 and p-JNK/JNK ratio. Nevertheless, there was no significant difference in the mRNA expression levels of p65 and JNK between the groups. Taken together, these findings indicated that overexpression of LMP-1 alleviated IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes injury by regulating the NF-κB and MAPK/JNK pathways, suggesting that LMP-1 may be a valuable therapeutic agent for OA treatment.

13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848852

RESUMO

The quality of life and survival rates of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH) have been greatly improved by defect-repair surgery and personalized treatments. However, those who survive surgery may remain at risk of persistent PAH, the prognosis may be considerably worse than those unoperated. Dynamic monitoring of clinical measures during the perioperative period of shunt correction is therefore indispensable and of great value. In this study, we explored the plasma-metabolite profiling in 13 patients with CHD-PAH during the perioperative period of defect repair. Plasma was harvested at four time points: prior to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) after anesthesia (Pre), immediately after CPB (T0), 24 h (T24), and 48 h (T48) after defect repair. Untargeted metabolomics strategy based on UPLC Q-TOF MS was used to detect the metabolites. A total of 193 distinguishing metabolites were determined at different time points, enriched in pathways such as oxidation of branched-chain fatty acids. We found that 17 metabolite alterations were significantly correlated with the reduction in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP) at T48 versus Pre. Gradients in diastolic pulmonary arterial pressure (DPAP), bicarbonate in radial artery (aHCO3), bicarbonate in superior vena cava (svcHCO3), and the partial pressure of dissolved CO2 gas in radial artery (aPCO2) were positively correlated with MPAP gradient. Notably, these clinical-measure gradients were correlated with alterations in shunt-correction-associated metabolites. In total, 12 out of 17 identified metabolites in response to defect repair were increased at both T24 and T48 (all P < 0.05, except propionylcarnitine with P < 0.05 at T24). In contrast, galactinol dihydrate, guanosine monophosphate, and hydroxyphenylacetylglycine tended to decline at T24 and T48 (only galactinol dihydrate with P < 0.05 at T48). In conclusion, 17 metabolites that respond to shunt correction could be used as suitable noninvasive markers, and clinical measures, including DPAP, aHCO3, svcHCO3, and aPCO2, would be of great value in disease monitoring and evaluating future therapeutic interventions.

14.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881629

RESUMO

LncRNAs exert comprehensive effects in regulating the initiation and deterioration of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the specific expression profiles and functional mechanisms of LINC00536 in HCC need to be disclosed. The study is intended to clarify the leverage of LINC00536 in HCC and investigate the potential mechanisms for the regulatory role of LINC00536 in the progression of HCC. In our study, LINC00536 was overexpressed in tumor samples of HCC patients and was related to poor prognosis. LINC00536 knockdown impaired cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion. LINC00536 can directly bind with miR-203b-5p, trimming the miR-203b-5p expression levels. VEGFA designates as a target of miR-203b-5p. Rescue research indicated that the miR-203b-5p inhibition or VEGFA overexpression could reverse the impaired cell phenotypes induced by LINC00536 knockdown. The in vivo experiments upheld the LINC00536/miR-203b-5p/VEGFA axis in HCC. Conclusively, LINC00536 could promote HCC deterioration via tuning the miR-203b-5p/VEGFA axis. This research may provide theoretical evidence for LINC00536 to get a gratifying therapeutic target for HCC.

15.
Biofactors ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882872

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests that hypothyroidism aggravates atherosclerosis. Macrophage apoptosis plays a significant role in the development of atherosclerotic plaque. We aimed to explore the effect of thyroid hormones on macrophage apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). Peripheral blood samples from 20 patients (normal group, hypothyroidism group, coronary artery disease [CAD] group, hypothyroidism + CAD group) were collected to perform messenger RNA microarray analysis. Bioinformatics analysis identified apoptosis and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling as differentially expressed pathways between CAD and hypothyroidism + CAD group. In vitro, thyroid hormones concentration-dependently promoted cell survival and inhibited apoptosis in oxLDL-treated RAW264.7 macrophages, along with elevated extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (Erk1/2) phosphorylation. The STRING database showed an interaction of thyroid hormone receptor alpha1 (TRα1) and MAPK pathway. TRα1 knockdown increased cell apoptosis and decreased Erk1/2 phosphorylation. Erk1/2 inhibitor aggravated macrophage apoptosis. Moreover, thyroid hormones inhibited oxidative stress in oxLDL-treated macrophages. The study indicates that thyroid hormones concentration-dependently attenuate oxLDL-induced macrophage apoptosis through activating TRα1-Erk1/2 pathway and inhibiting oxidative stress, which implies a potential mechanism of hypothyroid-accelerated atherosclerosis.

16.
Acupunct Med ; : 9645284211056657, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Students have had to adapt to a "new normal" of online education at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. This poses a considerable challenge to the conduct of online acupuncture courses. Here, we provide our experience and guidance for conducting an online experimental acupuncture course during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to compare the different perceptions of undergraduates to the educational environment between online and face-to-face learning approaches. METHODS: This study included senior undergraduates majoring in acupuncture during the academic years 2015 (face-to-face) and 2020 (online only) for the Experimental Acupuncture course. A survey was conducted at the end of this course. The Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was used to assess students' perceptions. The results of students' responses to online learning were compared with those assessed for face-to-face learning. RESULTS: In total, 56/70 (80%) students in 2015 and 49/54 (91%) students in 2020 completed the questionnaire, respectively. Total DREEM scores were higher in the online learning group than in the face-to-face learning group (160.3 ± 21.9 vs 147.6 ± 17.9, p = 0.007), with improved students' perceptions on four out of five dimensions (social self-perception, learning, atmosphere and academic self-perception). The positive aspects of their online learning experience included the acquisition of new knowledge and skills. The significant limitations of this course included the lack of practical classes. CONCLUSION: Students' perceptions regarding the Experimental Acupuncture program were satisfactory for both online and face-to-face learning approaches, but even better with online learning. Online learning may be encouraged in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) education. However, a combination of face-to-face and online methods is likely to be required to maximize the benefits. We hope that our online Experimental Acupuncture program practices may assist in the development of online curricula for acupuncture during the COVID-19 pandemic.

17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation. This trial aimed to indicate whether Skyflow, a new thrombectomy device, could achieve the same safety and efficacy as Solitaire FR in the treatment of AIS. METHODS: This study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, single blind, parallel, positive controlled, non-inferiority clinical trial. Patients with intracranial anterior circulation LVO within 8 hours from onset were included to receive thrombectomy treatment with either the Skyflow or Solitaire FR stent retriever. The primary endpoint was the rate of successful reperfusion (modified Treatment In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) ≥2b) after the operation. The safety endpoints were the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 24 hours after operation. RESULTS: A total of 95 and 97 patients were involved in the Skyflow group and Solitaire FR group, respectively. A successful reperfusion (mTICI ≥2b) was finally achieved in 84 (88.4%) patients in the Skyflow group and 80 (82.5%) patients in the Solitaire FR group. Skyflow was non-inferior to Solitaire FR in regard to the primary outcome, with the criterion of a non-inferiority margin of 12.5% (p=0.0002) after being adjusted for the combined center effect and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. The rate of periprocedural sICH and SAH did not differ significantly between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Endovascular thrombectomy with the Skyflow stent retriever was non-inferior to Solitaire FR with regard to successful reperfusion in AIS due to LVO (with a pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 12.5%).

18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 2119-2122, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891707

RESUMO

To realize integration, organization and reusability of knowledge related to COVID-19, an ontology for COVID-19 (CIDO-COVID-19) was constructed which extended the Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO) by adding terms of COVID-19 related to symptoms, prevention, drugs and clinical domains. First, terms from the existing ontologies, literature, clinical guidelines and other resources about COVID-19 were merged. Then, the Stanford seven-step approach was used to define and organize the acquired terms. Finally, the CIDO-COVID-19 was built on basis of the terms mentioned above using Protégé. The CIDO-COVID-19 is a more comprehensive ontology for COVID-19, covering multiple areas in the domain of COVID-19, including disease, diagnosis, etiology, virus, transmission, symptom, treatment, drug and prevention.Clinical Relevance- The CIDO-COVID-19 covers multiple areas related to COVID-19, including diseases, diagnosis, etiology, virus, transmission, symptoms, treatment, drugs, prevention. Compared with the CIDO, it is expanded to cover drugs, prevention, and clinical domain. The definition of terms in CIDO-COVID-19 refers to biomedical ontologies, Clinical glossaries and clinical guidelines for COVID-19, which can provide clinicians with standard terminology in the clinical domain.

19.
Life (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34947813

RESUMO

The development of cancer is a multistep and complex process involving interactions between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME). C-X-C chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) and its receptor, CXCR5, make crucial contributions to this process by triggering intracellular signaling cascades in malignant cells and modulating the sophisticated TME in an autocrine or paracrine fashion. The CXCL13/CXCR5 axis has a dominant role in B cell recruitment and tertiary lymphoid structure formation, which activate immune responses against some tumors. In most cancer types, the CXCL13/CXCR5 axis mediates pro-neoplastic immune reactions by recruiting suppressive immune cells into tumor tissues. Tobacco smoke and haze (smohaze) and the carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene induce the secretion of CXCL13 by lung epithelial cells, which contributes to environmental lung carcinogenesis. Interestingly, the knockout of CXCL13 inhibits benzo(a)pyrene-induced lung cancer and azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate-induced colorectal cancer in mice. Thus, a better understanding of the context-dependent functions of the CXCL13/CXCR5 axis in tumor tissue and the TME is required to design an efficient immune-based therapy. In this review, we summarize the molecular events and TME alterations caused by CXCL13/CXCR5 and briefly discuss the potentials of agents targeting this axis in different malignant tumors.

20.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 755251, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901215

RESUMO

Background: There have been no systemic studies about right heart filling pressure and right ventricular (RV) distensibility in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Therefore, we aimed to explore combinations of echocardiographic indices to assess the stages of RV diastolic dysfunction. Methods and Results: We recruited 32 healthy volunteers and 71 patients with CTEPH. All participants underwent echocardiography, cardiac catheterization (in patients with CTEPH), and a 6-min walk test (6MWT). The right atrial (RA) end-systolic area was adjusted for body surface area (BSA) (indexed RA area). RV global longitudinal diastolic strain rates (SRs) and RV ejection fraction (EF) were measured by speckle tracking and three-dimensional echocardiography (3D echo), respectively. All 71 patients with CTEPH underwent pulmonary endarterectomy. Of the 71 patients, 52 (73%) had decreased RV systolic function; 12 (16.9%), 26 (36.6%), and 33 (46.5%) patients had normal RV diastolic pattern, abnormal relaxation (stage 1), and pseudo-normal patterns (stage 2), respectively. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off values of early diastolic SR <0.8 s-1 and indexed RA area > 8.8 cm2/BSA had the best accuracy in identifying patients with RV diastolic dysfunction, with 87% sensitivity and 82% specificity. During a mean follow-up of 25.2 months after pulmonary endarterectomy, the preoperative indexed RA area was shown as an independent risk factor of the decreased 6MWT distance. Conclusions: Measuring early diastolic SR and indexed RA area would be useful in stratifying RV diastolic function.

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