Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.178
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 227: 117675, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670047

RESUMO

By modifying the 10-butyl-2-methoxy-10H-phenothiazine-3-carbaldehyde with malonontrile group, a new fluorescent sensor PBM for selective detection of hydrazine in ratiometric mode has been developed. Probe PBM owned the advantages of quick response (10 min), remarkable Stokes shift (168 nm for PBM, 161 nm for PBM-NH2), excellent selectivity, high sensitivity (detection limit of 63.2 nM was obtained from in vitro experiment), profound ratiometric change (82-fold) and low cytotoxicity in response to hydrazine. Additionally, it could be utilized to monitor hydrazine in gas state with various concentrations through vivid color changes and imaged hydrazine in living MCF-7 cells with excellent performance.

2.
Hum Factors ; : 18720819880363, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examines how driving styles of fully automated vehicles affect drivers' trust using a statistical technique-the two-part mixed model-that considers the frequency and magnitude of drivers' interventions. BACKGROUND: Adoption of fully automated vehicles depends on how people accept and trust them, and the vehicle's driving style might have an important influence. METHOD: A driving simulator experiment exposed participants to a fully automated vehicle with three driving styles (aggressive, moderate, and conservative) across four intersection types (with and without a stop sign and with and without crossing path traffic). Drivers indicated their dissatisfaction with the automation by depressing the brake or accelerator pedals. A two-part mixed model examined how automation style, intersection type, and the distance between the automation's driving style and the person's driving style affected the frequency and magnitude of their pedal depression. RESULTS: The conservative automated driving style increased the frequency and magnitude of accelerator pedal inputs; conversely, the aggressive style increased the frequency and magnitude of brake pedal inputs. The two-part mixed model showed a similar pattern for the factors influencing driver response, but the distance between driving styles affected how often the brake pedal was pressed, but it had little effect on how much it was pressed. CONCLUSION: Eliciting brake and accelerator pedal responses provides a temporally precise indicator of drivers' trust of automated driving styles, and the two-part model considers both the discrete and continuous characteristics of this indicator. APPLICATION: We offer a measure and method for assessing driving styles.

4.
Transpl Immunol ; : 101249, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-transplantation pharmacotherapies typically employ combinations of immunosuppressive agents that have been designed for targeted inhibition of T-cells and T-cell subsets. Studies of acute and chronic effects of clinically employed immunosuppressive agents on B-cells and B-cell subsets are significantly fewer in number and warrant further investigation. Accordingly, the goal of the present cross-sectional study is to functionally evaluate differences of B-cell subsets in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and immunologically stable renal transplant patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 103 patients who underwent renal transplantation, 73 patients were immunologically stable without rejection or infection. Among them, 34 patients were one-year post-transplantation, and 39 patients were five-year post-transplantation. The study also included 35 ESRD patients and 36 healthy volunteers. Flow cytometry identified B-cell subsets in the study groups. RESULTS: Renal allograft recipients had reduced percentages of total B-cells (CD19+) and regulatory B-cells (Breg) (CD38highCD27 + CD24+) compared with healthy controls. The percentage of transitional B-cells (IgM + CD38highCD24high) and marginal zone (MZ) B-cells (IgD-CD27+) was reduced in transplant recipients compared with patients with ESRD and healthy volunteers. The highest percentage of plasma cells (PCs) (CD38highCD27 + CD24-) was in patients with ESRD. In five-year post-transplantation group, CD38lowCD21- B-cells increased when compared with the other groups. Healthy volunteers and patients with ESRD had fewer unswitched memory (UM) B-cells (IgM + IgD + CD38lowCD27+), and increased isotype switched memory (ISM) B-cells (IgM-IgD-CD38lowCD27+). There was no difference in the percentage of naïve B-cells (IgD + CD27-) among diverse groups. CONCLUSIONS: The percentages of the total, transitional, Breg, PCs, MZ, and UM B-cell subsets in immunologically stable renal allograft recipients were significantly different from healthy controls. However, B-cell subsets in patients with ESRD were minimally different with immunologically stable renal allograft recipients.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(20)2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652494

RESUMO

Copper is an essential trace element within cells, but it also exerts cytotoxic effects through induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. To determine the mechanisms underlying copper-induced ROS production, we examined the effects of copper sulfate in HeLa cells. Exposure to copper sulfate led to dose-dependent decreases in HeLa cell viability, along with increases in the subG1 and G2/M populations and corresponding decreases in the G1 population. Copper sulfate also increased the levels of apoptosis, senescence, mitochondrial dysfunction, autophagy, ROS, and the expression of several stress proteins, including ATF3, c-Fos, DEC1 (differentiated embryonic chondrocyte gene 1), p21, p53, and HIF-1α (hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha). The suppression of copper-induced ROS generation by the ROS scavenger N-acetyl cysteine verified copper's functional role, while the suppression of copper's effects by the copper chelator disulfiram, confirmed its specificity. Selective induction of HIF-1α, p53, and phosphorylated ERK proteins by copper was blocked by the knockdown of the transcription factor DEC1, suggesting copper's effects are mediated by DEC1. In addition to HeLa cells, copper also exerted cytotoxic effects in human endometrial (HEC-1-A) and lung (A549) adenocarcinoma cells, but not in normal human kidney (HEK293) or bronchial (Beas-2B) epithelial cells. These findings shed new light on the functional roles of copper within cells.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2947-2952, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602838

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to discuss the protective effect and mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharides( ASPs) on immunological liver injury caused by conanavalin A( Con A). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control group,model group( Con A),low-,medium-,and high-dose( 36. 25,72. 5,145 mg·kg~(-1)) ASPs groups,bifendate( 200 mg·kg~(-1),positive drug) group and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate( PDTC,NF-κB inhibitor,200 mg·kg~(-1)) group. ASPs groups and bifendate group were given with corresponding drugs by ig administration once daily for 7 d. Control group,model group and PDTC group were given with normal saline by ig administration once daily for 7 d. After the last ig administration,PDTC was given in DTC group by iv administration( 200 mg·kg~(-1)); 0. 5 h after that,Con A( 20 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected via the tail vein to induce immunological liver injury in all the mice except normal control group. The mice were killed 8 h later and their liver tissues were collected for histopathological examination. The contents of nitric oxide( NO),superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),reduced glutathione( GSHPX),interleukin( IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor( TNF-α) in liver tissues were detected by kit assay. Western blot method was used to detect TNF-α,intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1( ICAM-1),inducible nitric oxide synthase( i NOS) and nuclear factor( NF-κB) protein expression in liver tissues. As compared with model group,ASPs not only could reduce the activity of MDA,NO,IL-1ß and TNF-α,but also increase the content of GSH-PX and SOD; at the same time,the protein expression levels of TNF-α,ICAM-1,i NOS and NF-κB were reduced in liver tissues; in addition,inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated,hepatocyte cytoplasm was loose and swollen,and nuclear condensation and staining were improved. ASPs has a protective effect on immunological liver injury,and the mechanism may be associated with regulating secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of adhesion factor through NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Eleutherococcus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos Cíclicos , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Arch Virol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616994

RESUMO

Astroviruses (AstVs) have a very wide range of hosts and are associated with enteric and extra-enteric disease in mammals and birds. Cross-species transmission of AstVs has been observed frequently. In the present study, the genome of a novel astrovirus from Amur tigers (Panthera tigris) from a zoo in China was characterized and was found to have the typical genomic features of other mammal AstVs. It showed the highest nucleotide sequence similarity (46.1-87.3% identity) to AstVs from cats, indicating a close phylogenetic relationship and possible cross-species transmission between them. To our knowledge, this is the first identification and characterization of AstV from tigers, and this virus is the third astrovirus identified in hosts of the family Felidae. The results of this study will be helpful for understanding the origin, genetic diversity, and cross-species transmission of AstV.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 3): 113359, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614248

RESUMO

To evaluate the mechanism of fluoride (F) mitochondrial toxicity, we cultured Hepa1-6 cells with different F concentrations (0, 1 and 2 mmoL/L) and determined cell pathological morphology, mitochondrial respiratory chain damage and cell cycle change. Results showed that the activities and mRNA expression levels of antioxidant enzymes considerably decreased, whereas the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) markedly increased. Breakage of mitochondrial cristae and substantial vacuolated mitochondria were observed by transmission electron microscopy. These results indicate the F-induced oxidative damage in Hepa1-6 cells. The enzyme activities of mitochondrial complexes I, II, III and IV were disordered in Hepa1-6 cells treated by excessive F, thereby indicating a remarkable down-regulation. Further research showed that complex subunits also demonstrated the development of disorder, in which the protein expressions levels of NDUFV2 and SDHA were substantially down-regulated, whereas those of CYC1 and COX Ⅳ were markedly up-regulated. Reductions in ATP and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected with the dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The G2/M phase arrest of the cell cycle in Hepa1-6 cells was measured via flow cytometry, and the up-regulated protein expressions of Cyt c, caspase 9, caspase 3 and substantial apoptotic cells were determined. In summary, this study demonstrated that ROS-mediated mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction causes F-induced Hepa1-6 cell damage.

9.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1352, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is related to health-related quality of life, but little evidence from multiple waves of panel data in Asian countries area available. This study aims to explore the impacts of different degree of regular exercise on the trajectories of physical and mental dimensions of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for community-dwelling Taiwanese adults during 2006-2014. METHODS: Data were derived from the "Landseed Integrated Outreaching Neighborhood Screening (LIONS)" study, with 6182 adults enrolled at the baseline and subsequently followed up to three times till 2014. Linear mixed-effects modeling approach was employed to evaluate the growth curve models of HRQOL (with 16,281 observations) by linear & quadratic time effects, regular exercise (5-level moderate-intensity physical activity), and major influential factors of HRQOL. RESULTS: Regular exercise showed significantly positive dose-response effects on physical HRQOL (ß =1.27~2.54), and regular exercise of 150 min or more showed positive effects on mental HRQOL (ß = 1.55~2.03). Besides, irregular exercise could also improve both physical and mental HRQOL (ß = 1.27 & ß = 0.87). However, such effects were not significant over time (at time slope) on HRQOL. In addition, physical and mental HRQOL improved across time (ß = 1.01 and 1.49, respectively), but the time quadratic effect would significantly offset a little bit on physical dimension (ß = - 0.22). Moreover, being female, increasing age, living alone, or poorer health status were related to lower physical HRQOL; and being younger, living alone, or poorer health status were associated with lower mental HRQOL. CONCLUSIONS: The positive dose-response relationship between regular exercise and HRQOL or its domains was demonstrated for community-dwelling Taiwanese adults. Thus, a regular exercise habit (better ≧150 min per week) is advised for community-based healthcare professionals and the government to incorporate into health promotion strategies and plans.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604061

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous injection of hyaluronic acid in decreasing acute skin toxicity after adjuvant interstitial brachytherapy in parotid gland cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically proven parotid gland cancer who would be treated with adjuvant interstitial brachytherapy were included in this nonrandomized controlled trial. Participants were nonrandomly divided into the experimental group and control group. Participants in the experimental group received an injection of hyaluronic acid subcutaneously immediately after interstitial brachytherapy during the operation. Acute toxicity was evaluated in the first 2 months. RESULTS: Thirty consecutive participants were included from April to September 2018. Twenty participants were in the experimental group, and 10 were in the control group. The median volume of hyaluronic acid was 8 mL (range, 4 to 11 mL). In total, the incidence of acute skin toxicity was 40% (8 of 20 patients) and 100% (10 of 10 patients) in the experimental group and control group, respectively. The difference in the dose delivered to 90% of the target volume of the affected skin was significant between the pre-plan (mean, 36.93 Gy) and the actuarial quality verification (mean, 27.70 Gy) in the experimental group (P = .004). The difference in scoring of acute skin toxicity was significant between the experimental and control groups (P = .001). No clear correlation was found between the dose delivered to 90% of the target volume of the affected skin and the scoring of acute skin toxicity (P = .266). CONCLUSIONS: Subcutaneous injection of hyaluronic acid was safe and efficient in decreasing acute skin toxicity after adjuvant interstitial brachytherapy in parotid gland cancer patients according to the preliminary results.

11.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect on essential hypertension of the topical application of TAT-Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (TAT-SOD) at left acupoint Zusanli (ST 36), and to observe whether the change of electrical potential difference (EPD) can be related to the change of blood pressure. METHODS: Sixteen patients with essential hypertension and 16 healthy subjects were included in the study. EPD between the left acupoints of Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Qiuxu (GB 40) was firstly screened out for the EPD detection. An intracellular superoxide quenching enzyme, TAT-SOD, was topically applied to the acupoint ST 36 within an area of 1 cm2 once a day, and the influence on EPD was investigated. The dosage applied to TAT-SOD group (n=8) was 0.2 mL of 3000 U/mL TAT-SOD cream prepared by adding purified TAT-SOD to a vehicle cream, while placebo group (n=8) used the vehicle cream instead. The left acupoints of Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Qiuxu (GB 40) were selected for EPD measurement after comparing EPD readings between 5 acupoints on each of all 12 meridians. RESULTS: EPDs between the left acupoints of GB 34 and GB 40 for 16 patients of essential hypertension and 16 healthy subjects were 44.9±6.4 and 5.6±0.9 mV, respectively. Daily application of TAT-SOD for 15 days at ST 36 of essential hypertension patients significantly decreased systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 179.6 and 81.5 mm Hg to 153.1 and 74.1 mm Hg, respectively. Responding to the change in blood pressure, EPD between the left acupoints of GB 34 and GB 40 also declined from 44.4 to 22.8 mV with the same trend. No change was observed with SBP, DBP and EPD between the left acupoints of GB 34 and GB 40 with the daily application of the placebo cream. CONCLUSION: Enzymatic scavenging of the intracellular superoxide at ST 36 proved to be effective in decreasing SBP and DBP. The results reconfirm the involvement of superoxide anions and its transportation along the meridians, and demonstrate that EPD between acupoints may be an indicator to reflect its functioning status. Moreover, preliminary results suggest a close correlation between EPD and blood pressure readings, implying a possibility of using EPD as a sensitive parameter for blood pressure and to monitor the effect of antihypertensive treatment.

12.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(10): 722-8, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Dazhui" (GV14) and "Ciliao" (BL32) on rats with bladder detrusor hyperreflexia (DH) after supersacral spinal cord transection, as well as the mechanism of EA in improving the urinary function by regulating the expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Neurogenin 1(Ngn1). METHODS: A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operation group, model control group, EA group, and EA control group, with 12 rats in each group. T10 spinal cord transection (SCT) was performed by surgery. The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) score was used to evaluate the motor function of SCT rat, and the Crede technique was used to assist urination. After the urine volume became stable, the urodynamic test was used to determine whether a rat model of DH was successfully established. The rats in the EA group were given EA at GV14 and BL32, and those in the EA control group were given EA (10 Hz/50 Hz, 20 min) at the acupuncture points at 1 cm next to GV14 and BL32 at both sides alternatively. EA was performed once a day for one week. Urodynamic parameters were used to evaluate urinary function. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression of Wnt-1 and ß-catenin in the spinal cord, and immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of Ngn1 in the spinal cord. RESULTS: The BBB score of the model control group significantly decreased compared with that of the sham-operation group(P<0.01), and the EA group was significantly higher than the model control group and the EA control group. Compared with the sham-operation group, the model control group had significant increases in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant reductions in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the EA group had significant reductions in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant increases in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the EA group, the EA control group had significant increases in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant reductions in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the model control group had significant increases in the protein expression of Wnt-1 and ß-catenin (P<0.05, P<0.01) and a signi-ficant reduction in the protein expression of Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the EA group had significant increases in the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). Compared with the EA group, the EA control group had significant reductions in the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin, and Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA at GV14 and BL32 can significantly improve urinary function in rats with bladder DH due to SCT, partially by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and promoting the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Ngn1.

13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3491-3500, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621236

RESUMO

The dynamic simulation of cucumber growth and development in sunlight greenhouse can provide technical support for the intelligent management of cucumber production. According to the cucumber response characteristics to light and temperature, the cucumber development module based on the algorithm of clock model was established by using data from four-stage experiment with 'Jinyou 35' as experiment variety in two years. Based on the relationship between the leaf growth and key meteorological factors (temperature and radiation), leaf area index (LAI) module was established with the accumulated product of thermal effectiveness and photosynthetically active radiation (TEP) as independent variables. The simulation module of cucumber dry matter production was established by taking into consideration the double integral of LAI and daily length in photosynthesis per unit leaf area as well as the respiratory expenditure of different organs. Combined with water content of organs, fresh weight simulation module of cucumber organs was constructed. The whole cucumber development and growth simulation model in greenhouse was built based on each sub-module. The model parameters were calibrated and determined. The results showed that root mean square error (RMSE) of simulated values and observed values of four deve-lopment stages (from transplanting date to stretch tendril, to initial flowering, to early harvested and to uprooting), was 3.9-10.5 d. The normalized root mean square error (nRMSE) was 6.5%-28.6%. The coincidence index (D) was 0.79-0.97. The relationship between LAI and TEP was the regression of 'S' type curve. The RMSE of simulated and observed LAI values was 0.19. The nRMSE was 17.2%. The D value was 0.90. The RMSE of dry weight of root, stem, leaf, flower and fruit of the simulated values and observed values were 0.39-8.94 g·m-2. The nRMSE were 10.9%-17.7%. The D values were all above 0.98. The growth and development model of cucumber could accurately simulate the key development period of cucumber, leaf area and the dry and fresh weight of various organs and quantify the growth and development of cucumber in sunlight greenhouse.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Luz Solar
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(20)2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635197

RESUMO

Carvedilol (Cav), a nonselective ß-blocker with α1 adrenoceptor blocking effect, has been used as a standard therapy for coronary artery disease. This study investigated the effects of Cav on exosome expression and function, ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression, and cholesterol efflux that are relevant to the process of atherosclerosis. Human monocytic (THP-1) cell line and human hepatic (Huh-7) cells were treated with Cav, and cholesterol efflux was measured. Exosomes from cell culture medium or mice serum were isolated using glycan-coated recognition beads. Low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout (ldlr-/-) mice were fed with high-fat diet and treated with Cav. Cav accentuated cholesterol efflux and enhanced the expressions of ABCA1 protein and mRNA in both THP-1 and Huh-7 cells. In addition, Cav increased expression and function of exosomal ABCA1 in THP-1 macrophage exosomes. The mechanisms were associated with inhibition of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and protein kinase B (Akt). In hypercholesterolemic ldlr-/- mice, Cav enhanced serum exosomal ABCA1 expression and suppressed atherosclerosis by inhibiting lipid deposition and macrophage accumulation. Cav halts atherosclerosis by enhancing cholesterol efflux and increasing ABCA1 expression in macrophages and in exosomes, possibly through NF-κB and Akt signaling, which provides mechanistic insights regarding the beneficial effects of Cav on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121380, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614281

RESUMO

Water quality criteria (WQC) for an increasing number of emerging chemicals need to be developed to protect human health and biological safety. Existing species sensitivity distribution (SSD) methods can only be used to help establish WQC for ecological protection, and cannot be extended to the protection of human beings from various hazards. In this study, a novel procedure called Conlecs is proposed to derive the concentration limits (ConLs) of pesticides outside the criteria for human drinking water (CHDW) using the existing criteria of pesticides and SSD integrated with the toxicity prediction achieved through robust QSAR models. Optimal SSD models of four pesticides (within the CHDW) and two pesticides (outside the CHDW) on 12 species were first constructed, and the existing ConLs of four pesticides within the CHDW were then utilized to select the most suitable species for the optimal proportions to avoid human hazards (PHH), allowing the ConLs of two pesticides outside the CHDW to be derived.

16.
FASEB J ; : fj201901283RR, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648566

RESUMO

VEGF is a critical driver of ocular neovascularization under disease conditions. Current therapeutic strategies rely on intraocular delivery of VEGF-antagonizing reagents, which results in sustained suppression of pathogenic vascularization. Although significant advancement has been achieved in VEGF antagonism, substantial adverse effects have been reported in retrospective clinical studies. To study mechanisms for VEGF antagonism-associated adverse effects in visual system, we intravitreally delivered recombinant adeno-associated virus-mediated expression of soluble Fms-related tyrosine kinase-1 (rAAV.sFLT-1), the extracellular domain of VEGF receptor, and analyzed the morphology and functions of retinal tissue. Here, we confirmed that intraocular VEGF antagonism induced retinal degeneration and gliosis. The functional deficit in retinal response to visual stimulation was also demonstrated in rAAV.sFLT-1-treated eyes by electroretinogram. Moreover, high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis suggests that VEGF antagonism activates retinal degeneration, inflammation, and other adverse effects. Taken together, our findings have shed light on pathogenic mechanisms for VEGF antagonism-associated adverse effects and potential therapeutic targets.-Xiao, M., Liu, Y., Wang, L., Liang, J., Wang, T., Zhai, Y., Wang, Y., Liu, S., Liu, W., Luo, X., Wang, F., Sun, X. Intraocular VEGF deprivation induces degeneration and fibrogenic response in retina.

17.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 5): 1835-1842, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490178

RESUMO

An optical design study of a bending-magnet beamline, based on multi-bend achromat storage ring lattices, at the High Energy Photon Source, to be built in Beijing, China, is described. The main purpose of the beamline design is to produce a micro-scale beam from a bending-magnet source with little flux loss through apertures. To maximize the flux of the focal spot, the synchrotron source will be 1:1 imaged to a virtual source by a toroidal mirror; a mirror pair will be used to collimate the virtual source into quasi-parallel light which will be refocused by a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror pair. In the case presented here, a beamline for tender X-rays ranging from 2.1 keV to 7.8 keV, with a spot size of approximately 7 µm (H) × 6 µm (V) and flux up to 2 × 1012 photons s-1, can be achieved for the purpose of X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS)-related experiments, such as scanning micro-XAFS and full-field nano-XAFS.

18.
Phytopathology ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544592

RESUMO

Most plant viruses require a biological vector to spread from plant to plant in nature. Among biological vectors for plant viruses, hemipteroid insects are the most common, including phloem-feeding aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs, planthoppers and leafhoppers. Majority of the emerging diseases challenging agriculture worldwide are insect borne, with those transmitted by whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) topping the list. Most damaging whitefly-transmitted viruses include begomoviruses (Geminiviridae), criniviruses (Closteroviridae), and torradoviruses (Secoviridae). Among the whitefly vectors, Bemisia tabaci, now recognized as a complex of cryptic species, is the most harmful in terms of virus transmission. Here we review the available information on the differential transmission efficiency of begomoviruses and other whitefly-borne viruses by different species of whiteflies, including the cryptic species of the B. tabaci complex. In addition, we summarize the factors affecting transmission of viruses by whiteflies and point out some future research prospects.

19.
Endocr Pathol ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529211

RESUMO

BRAF V600E mutations are common in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and some de-differentiated thyroid cancers. In this study, we summarize AUS/FLUS diagnosed cases from thyroid fine needle aspirations in our center from 2015 to 2017 to explore the impact of BRAF V600E detection on the cytopathological diagnosis of PTC. BRAF V600E detection could significantly reduce the AUS/FLUS diagnosis rates from 11.59 to 8.42% when all BRAF V600E-mutated AUS/FLUS cases were diagnosed as conforming to PTC (20.01 to 19.13% in 2016 and 10.92 to 7.93% in 2017, respectively). The AUS/M rates decreased from 0.67 to 0.64 in 2016 and from 0.33 to 0.23 in 2017. We further discuss a case with a single BRAF V600E cytological mutant lacking a postoperative PTC diagnosis and discuss the limitations of BRAF V600E detection using puncture elution fluid. Our findings support the notion that BRAF V600E detection can effectively reduce the diagnostic rates of AUS/FLUS and help clinicians decide both treatment strategies and patient prognosis.

20.
Curr Gene Ther ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infant length (IL) is a positive associated phenotype of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the casual relationship of which is still blur. Here, we applied a Mendelian randomization (MR) study to explore the casual relationship between IL and T2DM, which has the potential to provide guidance for assessing T2DM activity and T2DM- prevention in young at-risk populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To classify it, a Two-sample MR, using genetic instrumental variables (IVs) to explore the casual effect, was utilized here to test the influence of IL on the risk of T2DM. In this study, MR was carried out on GWAS data using 8 independent IL SNPs as IVs. The pooled odds ratio (OR) of these SNPs was calculated by inverse-variance weighted method for the assessment the risk the shorter IL brings to T2DM. The sensitivity validation was conducted to identify the effect of individual SNPs. MR-Egger regression was used to detect pleiotropic bias of IVs. RESULTS: The pooled odds ratio from the IVW method was 1.03 (95% CI 0.89 -1.18, P = 0.0785), low intercept (-0.477, P = 0.252), and small fluctuation of ORs (from -0.062 ((0.966 - 1.03) / 1.03) to 0.05 ((1.081 - 1.03) / 1.03)) in leave-one-out validation. CONCLUSIONS: We validated that the shorter IL contributes no additional risk to T2DM. The sensitivity analysis and the MR-Egger regression analysis also provided adequate evidence the above result was not due to any heterogeneity or pleiotropic effect of IVs.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA