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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa (N. sativa) exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antimetastatic and antinociceptive effects and has been used to treat dozens of diseases. Thymoquinone (TQ) is an important and active component isolated from N. sativa seeds. Inhibition of cancer-associated activating PIK3CA mutations is a new prospective targeted therapy in personalized metastatic breast cancer (MBC). TQ is reported to be an effective inhibitor of the PI3K/Akt1 pathway in MBC. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antitumor effect of TQ in the context of two PIK3CA hotspot mutations, p. H1047R and p. H1047L. METHODS AND RESULTS: Molecular dynamics, free energy landscapes and principal component analyses were also used to survey the mechanistic effects of the p. H1047R and p. H1047L mutations on the PI3K/Akt1 pathway. Our findings clearly confirmed that the p. H1047R and p. H1047L mutants could reduce the inhibitory effect of ΔNp63α on the kinase domain of PIK3CA, resulting in increased activity of PI3K downstream signals. Structurally, the partial disruption of the interaction between the ΔNp63α DNA binding domain and the PIK3CA kinase domain at residues 114-359 and 797-1068 destabilizes the conformation of the activation loop and modifies the PIK3CA/ΔNp63α complex. Alongside these structural changes, we found that TQ treatment resulted in high PI3K/Akt1 pathway inhibition in p. H1047R and p. H1047L-expressing cells versus wild-type cells. CONCLUSIONS: These two PIK3CA hotspot mutations therefore not only contribute to tumor progression in patients with MBC but may also serve as targets for the development of novel small molecule therapeutic strategies.

2.
Pharmacogenomics ; 22(17): 1135-1142, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747637

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the associations between human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 variants and the rs6021191 variant in nuclear factor of activated T cells 2 (NFATC2) with PEG-asparaginase hypersensitivity in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated according to the Chinese Children Leukemia Group (CCLG) ALL 2018 protocol. Methods: HLA-DRB1 genotyping was performed using a PCR sequence-based typing (SBT) method. NFATC2 rs6021191 was genotyped applying TaqMan Genotyping Assay. Results: T-ALL and higher risk groups were at higher risk for PEG-asparaginase hypersensitivity. No association was found between NFATC2 rs6021191 and PEG-asparaginase hypersensitivity. HLA-DRB1*16:02 variant was associated with PEG-asparaginase allergy both in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: Our results confirm that variations in HLA-DRB1 might influence the development of asparaginase hypersensitivity.

3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(14): 3954-3967, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671211

RESUMO

Furin is a proprotein convertase that activates different kinds of regulatory proteins, including SARS-CoV-2 spike protein which contains an additional furin-specific cleavage site. It is essential in predicting cancer patients' susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 and the disease outcomes due to varying furin expressions in tumor tissues. In this study, we analyzed furin's expression, methylation, mutation rate, functional enrichment, survival rate and COVID-19 outcomes in normal and cancer tissues using online databases, and our IHC. As a result, furin presented with biased expression profiles in normal tissues, showing 12.25-fold higher than ACE2 in the lungs. The furin expression in tumors were significantly increased in ESCA and TGCT, and decreased in DLBC and THYM, indicating furin may play critical mechanistic functions in COVID-19 viral entry into cells in these cancer patients. Line with furin over/downexpression, furin promoter hypo-/hyper-methylation may be the regulatory cause of disease and lead to pathogenesis of ESCA and THYM. Furthermore, presence of FURIN-201 isoform with functional domains (P_proprotein, Peptidase_S8 and S8_pro-domain) is highest in all cancer types in comparison to other isoforms, demonstrating its use in tumorigenesis and SARS-Cov-2 entry into tumor tissues. Furin mutation frequency was highest in UCES, and its mutation might elevate ACE2 expression in LUAD and UCEC, reduce ACE2 expression in COAD, elevate HSPA5 expression in PAAD, and elevate TMPRSS2 expression in BRCA. These results showed that furin mutations mostly increased expression of ACE2, HSPA5, and TMPRSS2 in certain cancers, indicating furin mutations might facilitate COVID-19 cell entry in cancer patients. In addition, high expression of furin was significantly inversely correlated with long overall survival (OS) in LGG and correlated with long OS in COAD and KIRC, indicating that it could be used as a favorable prognostic marker for cancer patients' survival. GO and KEGG demonstrated that furin was mostly enriched in genes for metabolic and biosynthetic processes, retinal dehydrogenase activity, tRNA methyltransferase activity, and genes involving COVID-19, further supporting its role in COVID-19 and cancer metabolism. Moreover, Cordycepin (CD) inhibited furin expression in a dosage dependent manner. Altogether, furin's high expression might not only implies increased susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 and higher severity of COVID-19 symptoms in cancer patients, but also it highlights the need for cancer treatment and therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic. CD might have a potential to develop an anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug through inhibiting furin expression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/virologia , Desoxiadenosinas/uso terapêutico , Furina/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , COVID-19/complicações , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desoxiadenosinas/farmacologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Furina/antagonistas & inibidores , Furina/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505247

RESUMO

Nanomaterials are threatening the environment and human health, but there has been little discussion about the stability and mobility of nanoparticles (NPs) in saturated porous media at environmentally relevant concentrations of surfactants, which is a knowledge gap in exploring the fate of engineered NPs in groundwater. Therefore, the influences of the anionic surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, SDBS), the cationic surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB), and the nonionic surfactant (Tween-80) with environmentally relevant concentrations of 0, 5, 10, and 20 mg/L on nano-TiO2 (nTiO2, negatively charged) and nano-CeO2 (nCeO2, positively charged) transport through saturated porous media were examined by column experiments. On the whole, with increasing SDBS concentration from 0 to 20 mg/L, the concentration peak of nTiO2 and nCeO2 in effluents increased by approximately 0.2 and 0.3 (dimensionless concentration, C/C0), respectively, because of enhanced stability and reduced aggregate size resulting from enhanced electrostatic and steric repulsions. By contrast, the transportability of NPs significantly decreased with increasing CTAB concentration due to the attachment of positive charges, which was opposite to the charge on the medium surface and facilitated the NP deposition. On the other hand, the addition of Tween-80 had no significant influence on the stability and mobility of nTiO2 and nCeO2. The results were also demonstrated by the colloid filtration theory (CFT) modeling and the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) interaction calculations; it might promote the assessment and remediation of NP pollution in subsurface environments.

5.
Carbon Balance Manag ; 16(1): 24, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a crucial role in the global carbon cycle and terrestrial ecosystem functions. It is widely known that climate change and soil water content (SWC) could influence the SOC dynamics; however, there are still debates about how climate change, especially climate warming, and SWC impact SOC. We investigated the spatiotemporal changes in SOC and its responses to climate warming and root-zone SWC change using the coupled hydro-biogeochemical model (SWAT-DayCent) and climate scenarios data derived under the three Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs2.6, 4.5, and 8.5) from five downscaled Global Climate Models (GCMs) in a typical loess watershed--the Jinghe River Basin (JRB) on the Chinese Loess Plateau. RESULTS: The air temperature would increase significantly during the future period (2017-2099), while the annual precipitation would increase by 2.0-13.1% relative to the baseline period (1976-2016), indicating a warmer and wetter future in the JRB. Driven by the precipitation variation, the root-zone SWC would also increase (by up to 27.9% relative to the baseline under RCP4.5); however, the SOC was projected to decrease significantly under the future warming climate. The combined effects of climate warming and SWC change could more reasonably explain the SOC loss, and this formed hump-shaped response surfaces between SOC loss and warming-SWC interactions under both RCP2.6 and 8.5, which can help explain diverse warming effects on SOC with changing SWC. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed a significant potential carbon source under the future warmer and wetter climate in the JRB, and the SOC loss was largely controlled by future climate warming and the root-zone SWC as well. The hump-shaped responses of the SOC loss to climate warming and SWC change demonstrated that the SWC could mediate the warming effects on SOC loss, but this mediation largely depended on the SWC changing magnitude (drier or wetter soil conditions). This mediation mechanism about the effect of SWC on SOC would be valuable for enhancing soil carbon sequestration in a warming climate on the Loess Plateau.

6.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 18(5): 875-886, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the osteogenic and angiogenic potential of human vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (hVEGF165) gene-transfected canine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with coral hydroxyapatite (CHA) scaffold. METHODS: We constructed a lentiviral vector and transfected canine BMSCs with the best multiplicity of infection. Osteogenesis was induced in the transfected groups (GFP-BMSCs group and hVEGF-BMSCs group) and non-transfected group (BMSCs group), followed by the evaluation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and alizarin red S staining. Cells from the three groups were co-cultured with CHA granules, respectively to obtain the tissue-engineered bone. MTT assay and fluorescence microscopy were employed to assess cell proliferation and adhesion. The expression of osteogenic and angiogenic related genes and proteins were evaluated at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days post osteoinduction in cell culture alone and cell co-culture with CHA, respectively using RT-PCR and ELISA. RESULTS: The hVEGF165 gene was transfected into BMSCs successfully. Higher ALP activity and more calcified nodules were found in the hVEGF-BMSCs group than in the control groups (p < 0.001). Cells attached and proliferated in CHA particles. Both cells cultured alone and cells co-culture with CHA expressed more osteogenic and angiogenic related genes and proteins in the hVEGF-BMSCs group compared to the GFP-BMSCs and BMSCs groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: High expression of hVEGF165 in BMSCs potentially promote the osteogenic potential of BMSCs, and synergically drive the expression of other osteogenic and angiogenic factors. hVEGF-BMSCs co-cultured with CHA expressed more osteogenic and angiogenic related factors, creating a favorable microenvironment for osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Also, the findings have allowed for the construction of a CHA-hVEGF-BMSCs tissue-engineered bone.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Antozoários/química , Células da Medula Óssea , Cães , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Transfecção , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
7.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130918, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162117

RESUMO

Calcium silicate slag (CSS) is a secondary solid waste produced by the technology of extracting Al2O3 from fly ash. CSS was used in the present study to replace part of the cement to prepare cementitious composites. The calcium hydroxide (CH) content of the cementitious composites containing CSS (including the CH content produced by cementitious composites hydration, consumed by pozzolanic reaction of CSS, and residual in cementitious composites) and the hydration degree of cement are analyzed by observing the phase, content, and microscopic of CH. Results show that different replacement rates of CSS can reduce the CH content by approximately 7.59%-53.93%, which is determined by the mineral composition of CSS and its pozzolanic properties. In addition, the incorporation of CSS increases the hydration degree of the cement in the cementitious composites. This research can provide a new way for the utilization of CSS.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio , Materiais de Construção , Compostos de Cálcio , Silicatos
8.
Ecol Lett ; 24(9): 1835-1847, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121305

RESUMO

Angiosperm sexual systems are fundamental to the evolution and distribution of plant diversity, yet spatiotemporal patterns in angiosperm sexual systems and their drivers remain poorly known. Using data on sexual systems and distributions of 68453 angiosperm species, we present the first global maps of sexual system frequencies and evaluate sexual system evolution during the Cenozoic. Frequencies of dioecy and monoecy increase with latitude, while hermaphrodites are more frequent in warm and arid regions. Transitions to dioecy from other states were higher than to hermaphroditism, but transitions away from dioecy increased since the Cenozoic, suggesting that dioecy is not an evolutionary end point. Transitions between hermaphroditism and dioecy increased, while transitions to monoecy decreased with paleo-temperature when paleo-temperature >0℃. Our study demonstrates the biogeography of angiosperm sexual systems from a macroecological perspective, and enhances our understanding of plant diversity patterns and their response to climate change.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida , Evolução Biológica , Plantas , Reprodução
9.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 216, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 6 (eIF6) has a crucial function in the maturation of 60S ribosomal subunits, and it controls the initiation of protein translation. Although emerging studies indicate that eIF6 is aberrantly expressed in various types of cancers, the functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of eIF6 in the pathological progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the potential diagnostic and prognostic value of eIF6 in patients with HCC. METHODS: HCC samples enrolled from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and our cohort were used to explore the role and mechanism of eIF6 in HCC. The diagnostic power of eIF6 was verified by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis and its prognostic value was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and then related biological functions of eIF6 were determined in vitro and in vivo cancer models. In addition, potential molecular mechanism of eIF6 in HCC was unveiled by the gene set enrichment analysis and western blot assay. RESULTS: We demonstrated that eIF6 expression was markedly increased in HCC, and elevated eIF6 expression correlated with pathological progression of HCC. Besides, eIF6 served as not only a new diagnostic biomarker but also an independent risk factor for OS in HCC patients. Functional studies indicated that the deletion of eIF6 displayed tumor-suppressor activity in HCC cells. Furthermore, we found that eIF6 could activate the mTOR-related signaling pathway and regulate the expression level of its target genes, such as CCND1, CDK4, CDK6, MYC, CASP3 and CTNNBL1, and these activities promoted proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study provided a novel basis for understanding the potential role of eIF6 in promoting tumor growth and invasion, and exploited a promising strategy for improving diagnosis and prognosis of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Fatores de Iniciação em Eucariotos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 222, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leaf length and width could be a functioning relationship naturally as plant designs. Single-vein leaves have the simplest symmetrical distribution and structural design, which means that fast-growing single-vein species could interpret the scheme more efficiently. The distribution of leaf length and width can be modulated for better adaptation, providing an informative perspective on the various operational strategies in an emergency, while this mechanism is less clear. Here we selected six age groups of Cunninghamia lanceolata pure forests, including saplings, juveniles, mature, and old-growth trees. We pioneered a tapering model to describe half-leaf symmetric distribution with mathematical approximation based on every measured leaf along developmental sequence, and evaluated the ratio of leaf basal part length to total length (called tipping leaf length ratio). RESULTS: The tipping leaf length ratio varied among different tree ages. That means the changes of tipping leaf length ratio and leaf shape are a significant but less-noticed reflection of trees tradeoff strategies at different growth stages. For instance, there exhibited relatively low ratio during sapling and juvenile, then increased with increasing age, showing the highest value in their maturity, and finally decreased on mature to old-growth transition. The tipping leaf length ratio serves as a cost-benefit ratio, thus the subtle changes in the leaf symmetrical distribution within individuals reveal buffering strategy, indicating the selection for efficient design of growth and hydraulic in their developmental sequences. CONCLUSIONS: Our model provides a physical explanation of varied signatures for tree operations in hydraulic buffering through growth stages, and the buffering strategy revealed from leaf distribution morphologically provides evidence on the regulation mechanism of leaf biomechanics, hydraulics and physiologies. Our insight contributes greatly to plant trait modeling, policy and management, and will be of interest to some scientists and policy makers who are involved in climate change, ecology and environment protection, as well as forest ecology and management.


Assuntos
Cunninghamia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cunninghamia/genética , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/genética , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/genética , Fatores Etários , Florestas , Modelos Teóricos
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5512370, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855069

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at investigating the role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) RP11-815M8.1 in the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). Methods: RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 before and after osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. The lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 in hBMSCs was overexpressed or silenced via lentiviral transfection. The transfection efficiency was detected by RT-PCR, and the proliferation of hBMSCs was determined by CCK-8. After 14 days of osteogenic differentiation of transfected hBMSCs, the expression of osteogenic transcription factors (ALP, OCN, OPN, Runx2, and Osterix) was detected by alizarin red staining and RT-PCR. The mRNAs directly regulated by lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 and targeted miRNAs were analyzed according to the positional relationship between lncRNA and mRNA in the genome and miRanda software. Results: The expression of lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 enhanced with increasing osteogenic differentiation time of hBMSCs. Two days after the transfection of hBMSCs, lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 expression was significantly increased in the overexpression group and significantly decreased in the knockdown group, compared to control cells. The CCK-8 assay showed that overexpression and knockdown of lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 did not affect the proliferation of hBMSCs. After 14 days of differentiation of hBMSCs, stronger alizarin red staining was observed in the overexpression groups, and the expression of osteogenic transcription factors was increased in the overexpression group compared to the control. In the knockdown group, alizarin red staining and the expression of osteogenic transcription factors were decreased. Bioinformatics analysis showed that lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 was directly associated with one mRNA, 27 interacting miRNAs, and 20 miRNA-targeted mRNAs. Conclusion: The osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs can be promoted by lncRNA RP11-815M8.1 in vitro.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
Glob Chang Biol ; 27(12): 2895-2904, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779020

RESUMO

Rising temperature shifts plant phenology. Chinese cities, experiencing extensive expansion and intensive warming, spanning a wide latitudinal range, might provide ideal experimental opportunities for observing and predicting phenological responses to warming temperature. Using the urban-rural gradient approach, we explored urbanization imprint on land surface phenology across the entire urbanization intensity (UI) gradient ranging from 0% to 100% in 343 Chinese cities using the VIIRS Land Surface Phenology along with MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) products. We found prevalent advancing and delaying trends for the start of the growing season (SOS) and the end of the growing season (EOS) with increasing UI across 343 Chinese cities, respectively. Overall, the phenology shifted earlier by 8.6 ± 0.54 days for SOS, later by 1.3 ± 0.51 days for EOS, and lengthened by 9.9 ± 0.77 days for the growing season length (GSL) in urban core areas (UI above 50%) relative to their rural counterparts (UI lower than 1%). The temperature sensitivity of SOS and EOS was 10.5 ± 0.25 days earlier and 2.9 ± 0.16 days later per 1°C LST increase in spring and autumn, respectively. Moreover, the northern cities witnessed higher temperature sensitivity for SOS and EOS than the southern ones. Both spring and autumn temperature sensitivity across these 343 cities would likely decrease with future urban warming, suggesting any projections of future phenological responses to continued warming must be approached with caution.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Urbanização , China , Cidades , Mudança Climática , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
13.
Exp Ther Med ; 21(4): 291, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33717234

RESUMO

Oral lichen planus (OLP), defined as a potential for malignant transformation, is a chronic inflammatory disease in which abnormal angiogenesis serves a role in the malignant changes of the disease. OLP-associated fibroblasts (OLP-MFs), derived from the stroma of OLP tissues, are characterized by the presence of myofibroblasts and contribute to the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which may be involved in the molecular pathogenesis of OLP. However, the associated mechanisms of angiogenesis in OLP remain unknown. The present study aimed to verify the expression of intercellular adhesion molecular 1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, VEGF and CD34 in OLP, and to investigate whether IL-6 secreted by OLP-MFs promoted OLP angiogenesis and the effect of its corresponding antibody inhibition. The results of the experiments demonstrated that inflammation was present and OLP upregulated the secretion of IL-6 by OLP stromal fibroblasts, thereby enhancing OLP angiogenesis. Anti-IL-6 receptor antibody inhibited OLP-stroma IL-6 signaling and suppressed OLP angiogenesis. The antibody inhibited the inflammatory response by inhibiting the secretion of inflammatory factors, including IL-6, to suppress angiogenesis and reduce disease progression, thus indicating that this could be a potential target to develop a treatment for OLP.

14.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 147, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is one of the most common oral tumors. Recently, long intergenic noncoding RNA 00958 (LINC00958) has been identified as an oncogene in human cancers. Nevertheless, the role of LINC00958 and its downstream mechanisms in TSCC is still unknown. METHODS: The effect of LINC00958 on TSCC cells proliferation and growth were assessed by CCK-8, colony formation, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridline (EdU) assay and flow cytometry assays in vitro and tumor xenograft model in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict the target of LINC00958 in TSCC, which was verified by RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays. RESULTS: LINC00958 was increased in TSCC tissues, and patients with high LINC00958 expression had a shorter overall survival. LINC00958 knockdown significantly decreased the growth rate of TSCC cells both in vitro and in vivo. In mechanism, LINC00958 acted as a ceRNA by competitively sponging miR-211-5p. In addition, we identified CENPK as a direct target gene of miR-211-5p, which was higher in TSCC tissues than that in adjacent normal tissues. Up-regulated miR-211-5p or down-regulated CENPK could abolish LINC00958-induced proliferation promotion in TSCC cells. Furthermore, The overexpression of CENPK promoted the expression of oncogenic cell cycle regulators and activated the JAK/STAT3 signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that LINC00958 is a potential prognostic biomarker in TSCC.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 771: 145381, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548722

RESUMO

Higher land surface temperature (LST) in cities than its surrounding areas presents a major sustainability challenge for cities. Adaptation and mitigation of the increased LST require in-depth understanding of the impacts of landscape features on LST. We studied the influences of different landscape features on LST in five large cities across China to investigate how the features of a specific urban landscape (endogenous features), and neighboring environments (exogenous features) impact its LST across a continuum of spatial scales. Surprisingly, results show that the influence of endogenous landscape features (Eendo) on LST can be described consistently across all cities as a nonlinear function of grain size (gs) and neighbor size (ns) (Eendo = ßnsgs-0.5, where ß is a city-specific constant) while the influence of exogenous features (Eexo) depends only on neighbor size (ns) (Eexo = Î³-εns0.5, where γ and ε are city-specific constants). In addition, a simple relationship describing the relative strength of endogenous and exogenous impacts of landscape features on LST was found (Eendo > Eexo if ns > kgs2/5, where k is a city-specific parameter; otherwise, Eendo < Eexo). Overall, vegetation alleviates 40%-60% of the warming effect of built-up while surface wetness intensifies or reduces it depending on climate conditions. This study reveals a set of unifying quantitative relationships that effectively describes landscape impacts on LST across cities, grain and neighbor sizes, which can be instrumental towards the design of sustainable cities to deal with increasing temperature.

16.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 116: 104335, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494021

RESUMO

Functional reconstruction of large-size mandibular continuity defect is still a major challenge in the oral and maxillofacial surgery due to the unsatisfactory repair effects and various complications. This study aimed to develop a new functional repair method for mandibular defects combined with 3D-printed polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implant and the free vascularized fibula graft, and evaluated the service performance of the implant under whole masticatory motion. The design criteria and workflows of the mandibular reconstruction were established based on the requirements of safety, functionality, and shape consistency. Both the biomechanical behavior and the mechanobiological property of mandibular reconstruction under various masticatory motion were investigated by the finite element analysis. The maximum von Mises stress of each component was lower than the yield strength of the corresponding material and the safety factor was more than 2.3 times, which indicated the security of the repair method can be guaranteed. Moreover, the actual deformation of the reconstruction model was lower than that of the normal mandible under most clenching tasks, which assured the primary stability. More than 80% of the volume elements in the bone graft can obtain effective mechanical stimulation, which benefited to reduce the risks of bone resorption. Finally, the novel repair method was applied in clinic and good clinical performances have been achieved. Compared with the conventional fibular bone graft for surgical mandibular reconstruction, this study provides excellent safety and stability to accomplish the functional reconstruction and aesthetic restoration of the mandible defect.


Assuntos
Reconstrução Mandibular , Transplante Ósseo , Fíbula , Cetonas , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Polietilenoglicóis , Impressão Tridimensional
17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(5): 2999-3006, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025146

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore and evaluate the application of a surgical guide in the extraction of impacted mesiodentes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with impacted mesiodentes approachable from the labial side of the maxilla were randomly divided into three groups. The surgical guide for group I was made using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and dental cast, whereas the surgical guide for group II was only made using CBCT data. Group I and group II were first evaluated to determine whether guide use could accurately locate the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the mesiodentes, and the impacted mesiodentes were extracted with the help of the surgical guide. Group III underwent an operation without a guide. For all patients, the preoperative design time, tooth searching time, operation time, complications, and costs were measured. RESULTS: The guides for group I and group II could locate the CEJ of the mesiodentes accurately, with good application effect during the operation. Group I and group II required additional preoperative design time compared with group III. However, the tooth searching time and operation time in groups I and II were significantly reduced compared with those in group III. Group I and group II showed no intraoperative complications, and two cases in group III showed imprecision during localization. The overall cost for group III was higher than that of group I or group II. But group I and group II required extra visits and costs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite some limitations, the surgical guide assisted with mesiodentes extraction and can improve the quality of the operation quality as well as reducing its economic burden, difficulty, and duration. Through proper design, we can create a high-quality surgical guide using only CBCT data. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The surgical guide can be used as an important assistive tool in alveolar surgery.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Dente Supranumerário , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila , Colo do Dente , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia
18.
Bone ; 143: 115793, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301961

RESUMO

WNT16 has been shown to play important roles in joint formation, bone homeostasis and knee joint osteoarthritis. However, whether WNT16 has any effect during temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA) is still unknown. Here, we first established a surgically induced TMJOA model by performing partial discectomy in discs of TMJ in mice. Further, we investigated the role of WNT16 during the initiation and progression of TMJOA. Our results showed that WNT16 expression is upregulated early at 4 weeks after initiation of osteoarthritis by partial discectomy in mouse TMJ cartilage, but decreased after 12 weeks post-surgery. Further cellular and molecular analyses revealed that WNT16 signals via both the canonical WNT/ß-catenin and non-canonical WNT/JNK-cJUN pathways, upregulates the expression of Lubricin and SOX9, and protects against IL-1ß induced inflammatory response by regulation of RUNX2/MMP13 cascade in fibrochondrocytes. In conclusion, WNT16 may play an important role in the early stage of TMJOA by regulating cartilage anabolic and catabolic factors, and may serve as novel therapeutic targets for TMJOA.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Animais , Condrócitos , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Interleucina-1beta , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz , Camundongos , Articulação Temporomandibular , Proteínas Wnt
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 763: 144224, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383505

RESUMO

The surface urban heat island (SUHI) is one of the most significant human-induced alterations to the Earth's surface climate and can aggravate health risks for city dwellers during heat waves. Although the SUHI effect has received growing attention, its diurnal cycles (i.e., the variations over the full 24 h within the diel cycle) are poorly understood because polar-orbiting satellites (e.g., Landsat Series, Sentinel, Terra, Aqua) only provide one or two observations over each repeat cycle (e.g., 16 days) with constant overpass time for the same area. Geostationary satellites provide high-frequency land surface temperature (LST) observations throughout the day and the night, and thereby offer unprecedented opportunities for exploring the diurnal cycles of SUHI. Here we examined how the SUHI intensity varied over the course of the diurnal cycle in the Boston Metropolitan Area using LST observations from the NOAA's latest generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES-R). GOES-R LST was strongly correlated with MODIS LST (R2 = 0.98, p < 0.0001) across urban core, suburban, and rural areas. We calculated the SUHI intensity at an hourly time step for both the urban core and suburban areas using GOES-R LST data. The maximum SUHI intensity for the urban core occurred near noon, and was +3.0 °C (12:00), +5.4 °C (12:00), +4.9 °C (11:00), and +3.7 °C (12:00) in winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. The maximum intensity for the suburban area was about 3.0 °C lower in spring and summer and 2.0 °C lower in autumn and winter than that of the urban-core area. The minimum SUHI intensity occurred at nighttime, and ranged from -1.0 °C to +1.0 °C. The difference in the nighttime SUHI intensity between urban core and suburban area was insignificant for all seasons except the summer. The SUHI intensity showed similar diurnal variations across the seasons. Throughout the year, the maximum SUHI intensity (+2.7-+5.8 °C) at the urban core occurred at 11:00-14:00 (local time), while the minimum SUHI intensity (-0.6-+0.9 °C) was commonly observed at 00:00-07:00 and 17:00-23:00. We also found different relationships between SUHI intensity and potential drivers within a diurnal cycle, characterized by the strongest correlation with impervious surface area and population size during the middle of the day, and with tree canopy cover at night. Our research highlights the great potential of the new-generation geostationary satellites in revealing the detailed diurnal variations of SUHI. Our findings have implications for informing urban planning and public health risk management.

20.
Life Sci ; 263: 118620, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096113

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating immune cells and microenvironment-relevant genes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and their correlations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The "xCell" algorithm was used to calculate the enrichment scores for 33 immune cells in the samples of GSE12452, GSE40290, GSE53819, GSE68799, and GSE102349. The difference of immune cells between NPC group and non-cancerous group and the prognostic value of the immune cells were analyzed. Besides, based on the Microenvironment scores, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the high- and low-score groups were screened to identify the microenvironment-relevant hub genes. Furthermore, the DEGs were used to establish a risk score model for predicting progression-free survival (PFS) via LASSO penalized Cox regression. KEY FINDINGS: The scores of B-cells and Memory B-cells of NPC were significantly lower than those of non-cancerous tissues, and they were positively associated with PFS. Moreover, 10 hub genes (PTPRC, CD19, CD79B, BTK, CD79A, SELL, MS4A1, CD38, CD52, and CD22) were identified and positively correlated with B-cells, Memory B-cells, and Microenvironment scores in GSE12452, GSE68799, and GSE102349. High expression levels of CD22, CD38, CD79B, MS4A1, SELL, and PTPRC were associated with longer PFS. Besides, a risk score model composed of DARC, IL33, IGHG1, and SLC6A8 was established with a good performance for PFS prediction. SIGNIFICANCE: These results enhance our understanding of the composition and prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in NPC lesions, and provide potential targets for prognostication and immunotherapy for NPC patients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/imunologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
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