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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127200, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537644

RESUMO

A deoxidizing packing material (DPM) with an encapsulated deoxidizing agent (DA) was developed to construct the packed anodes of a trickle-bed microbial fuel cell (TB-MFC) for treating waste gas. The encapsulated DA can consume O2 in waste gas and increase the voltage output and power density (PD) of the constructed TB-MFC. The DPM effectively enables the circulating water in TB-MFC for maintaining a low level of dissolved oxygen for 80 h. The results revealed that when the concentration of isopropanol (IPA) in waste gas was 0.74 g/m3, the TB-MFC (DPM with DA) exhibited an IPA removal efficiency (RE) of up to 99.7%. When DPM with DA was used as the packing material of the TB-MFC (486.6 mW/m3), the PD was 2.54 times that obtained when using coke as the packing material (191.6 mW/m3). The next-generation sequencing results demonstrated that because the oxygen content of the MFC anode chamber decreased over time in the TB-MFC, the richness of anaerobic electrogens (Pseudoxanthomonas, Flavobacterium, and Ferruginibacter) in the packing materials was increased. These electrogens mainly attached to the DPM, and IPA-degraders appeared in the circulating water of the TB-MFC. This enabled the TB-MFC to simultaneously achieve a high voltage output and IPA RE.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131732, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364227

RESUMO

This study used a response surface method to develop a deoxidizing anode, which was introduced into microbial fuel cells (MFCs) to treat isopropanol (IPA) wastewater and waste gas. By embedding a deoxidizing agent (DA) into the anode of MFCs, a hypoxic environment can be created to enable anaerobic electrogens to be effectively attached to the anode surface and grow. Consequently, MFC power generation performance can be enhanced. The optimal coke and conductive carbon black ratio of an anode and percentage of DA added were 3.61 g/g and 3.15 %, respectively. The research design concurrently achieved the maximum deoxygenation efficiency (0.86 mg O2/bead), minimum disintegration ratio (3.51 %), and minimum resistance (30.2 Ω). The regression model had high prediction power (R2 > 0.93) for anode performance. As determined through multi-objective optimization, the results highly satisfied the target expectation (desirability = 0.82). The optimized deoxidizing anode was filled into an air-cathode MFC, which had a higher IPA removal efficiency (1.15-fold) and voltage output (1.24-fold) than an MFC filled with coke. The results for the trickling-bed MFC filled with a deoxidizing anode revealed that when the inlet concentration was 0.74 g/m3, the voltage output and power density were highest at 416.3 mV and 486.6 mW/m3, respectively. The deoxidizing anode developed has the potential to increase the MFC voltage output and the pollutant removal.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , 2-Propanol , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Águas Residuárias
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817168

RESUMO

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is currently one of the main causes of chronic liver disease, but its potential mechanism remains unclear. This study proved that estrogen receptor α (ERα) could negatively control hepatocyte pyroptosis by inhibiting NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation, gasdermin D (GSDMD)-N generation, propidium iodide (PI) uptake, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1ß and IL-18) release. Furthermore, inhibition of pyroptosis ameliorated ERα deletion-induced metabolic dysfunction, insulin resistance, and liver injury. Mechanistically, ERα was confirmed to inhibit pyroptosis by directly interacting with GSDMD, and GSDMD blockade reversed the ERα inhibition-induced pyroptosis and improved lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. Notably, the treatment of wild-type (WT) mice with genistein, a phytoestrogen, could attenuate high-fat diet (HFD)-induced liver lipid steatosis and inhibit NLRP3-GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis. Results provide new insights into the underlying mechanism of pyroptosis regulation and uncover the potential treatment target of MAFLD.

4.
Food Funct ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812468

RESUMO

Long-term use of antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) in animal production is the main cause of antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, seeking alternatives to AGP is crucial for animal husbandry. Among all AGP alternatives, probiotics are promising candidates. In this study, two strains of lactic acid bacteria, L. johnsonii 3-1 and L. crispatus 7-4, were isolated from the feces of wild Gallus gallus, which exhibited obvious anti-pathogenic activity and improved the growth performance of broilers. Furthermore, we found that these two strains participated in the lipid metabolism of broilers by reducing the content of TC and TG in ileal epithelial cells and up-regulating the liver AMPKα/PPARα/CPT-1 pathway, which affects abdominal fat deposition. In summary, L. johnsonii 3-1 and L. crispatus 7-4 have the potential to be used as AGP substitutes and participate in the lipid metabolism of broilers to reduce abdominal fat deposition. Importantly, our study reveals for the first time that L. crispatus participates in liver lipid metabolism to reduce abdominal fat deposition in broilers.

5.
Chemosphere ; : 132619, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678352

RESUMO

Untreated wastewater containing fluoroquinolone antibiotics poses serious hazards to aquatic species and human health; therefore, treatment of waste expanded polystyrene (EPS) is a crucial environmental matter. In this study, waste EPS was modified with a H2SO4/biodegradable chelating agent, [S,S]-ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS), and used for highly efficient adsorption of the fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin. When ciprofloxacin of 25 mg/L was used, the H2SO4-modified EPS (EPSH2SO4) adsorbed 60.5% of the ciprofloxacin. During sulfonation, adding a low dose of EDDS markedly improved the adsorption ability of EPSH2SO4+EDDS. The optimal modification conditions were 95% H2SO4, 0.002 M EDDS, 80 °C, and 40 min. The increased adsorbent doses enhanced the adsorption. Approximately 0.2 g/L of EPSH2SO4+EDDS could effectively adsorb 97.8% of the ciprofloxacin (554.3 mg/g) within 30 min. Solution pH0 greatly influenced the adsorption, and the most suitable pH0 was 6. The Langmuir isotherm accurately described the adsorption behaviors of both EPSH2SO4 and EPSH2SO4+EDDS (R2 = 0.997-0.998). The adsorption ability of EPSH2SO4+EDDS (qmax = 1250 mg/g) was 32 times higher than that of EPSH2SO4 (qmax = 38.6 mg/g). A total of 1 M HCl effectively regenerated the exhausted adsorbent. The optimal solid/liquid ratio and time were 0.08 g/20 mL and 60 min, respectively. The regenerated EPSH2SO4+EDDS maintained a high adsorption ability (87.2%) after 10 regeneration cycles. The results thus indicate that the EPSH2SO4+EDDS adsorption-regeneration process is a potential approach to remove ciprofloxacin from water.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 142: 111967, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467896

RESUMO

miR-34, whose mimic was used on phase I clinical trial, has been extensively reported since its dysfunction in various cancers including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the roles of miR-34 family members in the progression of lung squamous carcinoma (SCC) in patients who have occupational-exposure experience are unclear yet. Here, we comprehensively investigated the expression levels of miR-34 family members in SCC patients and compared the roles of them in SCC in vitro and vivo. The results showed that the average levels of miR-34a and miR-34b/c were decreased in patients. The analysis of miR-34a to miR-34b/c levels in patients graded different stages or metastases or recurrence showed that miR-34b/c was reduced earlier and more significantly than miR-34a. In vitro assays demonstrated that both miR-34a and miR-34b/c inhibits SCC cells proliferation, migration and invasion via Notch1 pathway, while miR-34b/c effects more than miR-34a does. As miR-34a was significantly decreased in cancer recurrence, the further analysis of relationship between miR-34a and stem cell adhesion molecular CD44 showed that miR-34a was significantly correlated with CD44 levels in patients. Knockdown of CD44 significantly blocked miR-34a mediated inhibition of cell migration and invasion. Treating the purified CD44hi cells with miR-34 overexpression lentivirus inhibited the tumor outgrowth. By contrast, anti-miR-34 facilitated tumor development of CD44low cells. Our study showed that miR-34 family members are negative regulator for SCC development, even though the inhibition is mediated by multiple and complicated signal pathways, which provides theoretical basis for SCC treatment and a biomarker candidate for SCC prognosis.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 15243-15249, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495666

RESUMO

Atom dispersion in metal supported catalysts is vital as it structurally accounts for their catalytic performances. Since practical catalysts normally present structural diversity, such as the coexistence of single atoms, clusters, and particles, traditional spectroscopy methods including chemisorption, titration, and X-ray absorption, however, provide only an averaged description about the atom dispersion but are not able to distinguish localized structural divergence. In this work, through developing a methodology of electron-microscopy-based atom recognition statistics (EMARS), catalyst dispersion has been redefined at atomic precision in real space via the statistically counting 18 000+ Pt atoms for a Pt/Al2O3 industrial reforming catalyst. The EMARS results combined with in situ microscopy evidence disclose that the activity for aromatics production quantitatively correlates with the density of Pt single-atoms, while Pt clusters contribute no direct activity but could kinetically transform into single-atoms when being heated under an oxidative atmosphere. Compared to EMARS, the traditional hydrogen-oxygen titration method is found to induce serious bias in the Pt dispersion in reference to actual activity. This distinctive capability of EMARS for metal dispersion quantification offers a possibility of directly identifying the catalysis roles of different metal species in a practical catalyst via atom-resolved statistics.

8.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(4): 43-52, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The driving safety of persons with dementia (PwD) is an important public-health issue worldwide. Driving is closely related to personal autonomy, self-esteem, and independence. When PwD lose their driving privileges, this may lead to negative effects on mental health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between driving cessation and mental health in PwD. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with convenient sampling was used, Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Participants were all PwDs who were recruited from a medical center in northern Taiwan. RESULTS: A total of 78 PwD were recruited. Two-fifths (41%) of the participants were still driving, with motorcycle the most common vehicle used. The participants who had retired from driving were older, and most did not have a spouse, were less socially active, had a lower mean level of functional ability, and perceived a lower association between driving and quality of life. Driving cessation was found to be positively correlated with age and the instrumental activities of daily living. Depression and anxiety levels in former drivers were higher than in current drivers, although the differences were not significant. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Among PwD, depression and anxiety is higher in former drivers. It is suggested that a prospective study should be conducted, that driving safety issues for PwD should be addressed in public health education, and that standards of driving safety for PwD should be developed and enacted.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Demência , Cuidadores , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Taiwan
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109616, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363818

RESUMO

The reproductive toxicity of endocrine-disrupting chemicals has become a matter of great concern. However, the potential toxicological mechanism of typical environmental estrogens, bisphenol A (BPA) and genistein (GEN), on adult ovary remains ambiguous. In this study, we used laying hens as the experimental model and aimed to clarify the effect of long-term exposure to safe reference doses of BPA and GEN on adult ovary. Results demonstrated that 1/10 no-observable-adverse effect-level dose (1/10 NOAEL, 500 µg/kg body weight [bw]/day) of BPA significantly reduced the production performance and caused the degeneration of follicles and stromal cells and the increase of atretic follicles. Moreover, 1/10 NOAEL dose of BPA undermined the redox homeostasis of the ovary through activating Keap1 and suppressing the Nrf2-signaling pathway (Nrf2, NQO1, and HO-1). On the contrary, GEN (20, 40 mg/kg bw/day) dramatically improved the antioxidant capacity of the ovary by regulating the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway, enhancing the activities of antioxidant-related enzymes (CAT, GSH-Px, and T-SOD), and inhibiting the excessive accumulation of lipid peroxidation products (MDA). Parallel in vitro studies confirmed that the differential role of BPA and GEN on ovarian redox balance was directly mediated by Nrf2-Keap1 antioxidant system. And GEN could ameliorate BPA-induced oxidative stress. Importantly, our research found that exposure to BPA and GEN altered estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression in the ovary. And the use of specific ERα agonist/antagonist confirmed that BPA and GEN have opposite regulatory effects on the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway by targeting ERα.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Genisteína/toxicidade , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Galinhas , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/patologia
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40249-40266, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424682

RESUMO

Disruption of intestinal homeostasis is an important event in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and genistein (GEN) is a candidate medicine to prevent IBD. However, the clinical application of GEN is restricted owing to its low oral bioavailability. Herein, a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive nanomaterial (defined as GEN-NP2) containing superoxidase dismutase-mimetic temporally conjugated ß-cyclodextrin and 4-(hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid pinacol ester-modified GEN was prepared. GEN-NP2 effectively delivered GEN to the inflammation site and protected GEN from rapid metabolism and elimination in the gastrointestinal tract. In response to high ROS levels, GEN was site-specifically released and accumulated at inflammatory sites. Mechanistically, GEN-NP2 effectively increased the expression of estrogen receptor ß (ERß), simultaneously reduced the expression of proinflammatory mediators (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and Caspase1-p20), attenuated the infiltration of inflammatory cells, promoted autophagy of intestinal epithelial cells, inhibited the secretion of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), modulated the gut microbiota, and ultimately alleviated colitis. In addition, the oral administration of these nanoparticles showed excellent safety, thereby providing confidence in the further development of precise treatments for IBD.

11.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 537, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that link genotype to phenotype represent an effective means to associate an individual genetic background with a disease or trait. However, single-omics data only provide limited information on biological mechanisms, and it is necessary to improve the accuracy for predicting the biological association between genotype and phenotype by integrating multi-omics data. Typically, gene expression data are integrated to analyze the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on phenotype. Such multi-omics data integration mainly follows two approaches: multi-staged analysis and meta-dimensional analysis, which respectively ignore intra-omics and inter-omics associations. Moreover, both approaches require omics data from a single sample set, and the large feature set of SNPs necessitates a large sample size for model establishment, but it is difficult to obtain multi-omics data from a single, large sample set. RESULTS: To address this problem, we propose a method of genotype-phenotype association based on multi-omics data from small samples. The workflow of this method includes clustering genes using a protein-protein interaction network and gene expression data, screening gene clusters with group lasso, obtaining SNP clusters corresponding to the selected gene clusters through expression quantitative trait locus data, integrating SNP clusters and corresponding gene clusters and phenotypes into three-layer network blocks, analyzing and predicting based on each block, and obtaining the final prediction by taking the average. CONCLUSIONS: We compare this method to others using two datasets and find that our method shows better results in both cases. Our method can effectively solve the prediction problem in multi-omics data of small sample, and provide valuable resources for further studies on the fusion of more omics data.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
12.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117795, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274649

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) and genistein (GEN) are selective estrogen receptor modulators, which are involved in the occurrence and development of metabolic syndrome. However, their roles in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) of laying hens have not been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of different concentrations of GEN and BPA on the NAFLD of laying hens. Results showed that GEN ameliorated the high-energy and low-protein diet (HELP)-induced NAFLD by improving pathological damage, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance and blocking the expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-related factors. By contrast, high dose of BPA could aggravate these changes with serious symptom of NAFLD and suppress the level of ERα in the liver considerably, while GEN could reverse this phenomenon in a dose-dependent manner. In general, our research shows that the protective effect of GEN on NAFLD aims to improve the metabolic disorders and inflammation closely connected to ERα, while BPA can inhibit the expression of ERα and exacerbate the symptom of NAFLD. In conclusion, we elucidate the opposing effects of GEN and BPA in NAFLD of laying hens, thus providing a potential mechanism related to ERα and inflammation.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Galinhas , Feminino , Genisteína/toxicidade , Fígado , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/induzido quimicamente , Fenóis
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(23): 26853-26860, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060798

RESUMO

Recently, aluminum-air batteries have attracted great interest owing to their high output energy density, low cost, and feasibility to store and transport Al metal. However, the commercial application is still hindered by the lack of a high-performance air cathode, where the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) happens, requiring fast charge transfer and mass transport at the catalyst-electrolyte-air interface. Herein, we report an aerophilic air cathode featuring both high intrinsic catalytic activity and large three-phase interface to facilitate air transport, which is prepared by growing cobalt-embedded and nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube (CoNCNT) arrays on carbon fiber paper and then modifying surface wettability with polytetrafluoroethylene solution. The optimized air electrode during the ORR shows a high onset potential of 0.95 V and fast current increase of 342.96 mA cm-2 V-1, which is comparable to the commercial 20 wt % Pt/C, and has even better stability under the same conditions. Moreover, the aluminum-air battery with the aerophilic air electrode is superior to the battery with a commercial Pt/C electrode or aerophobic electrode in terms of maximum power density and long discharging durability. Bubble behavior measurement shows that aerobic wettability plays an important role in gas transport, thus controlling ORR efficiency of the air electrode. The concept of the gas-wettable electrode proves to be effective in the enhancement of oxygen reduction kinetics and would be also adapted in other gas-involved electrodes for energy-related applications.

14.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(6)2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963834

RESUMO

Different subtypes of the same cancer often show distinct genomic signatures and require targeted treatments. The differences at the cellular and molecular levels of tumor microenvironment in different cancer subtypes have significant effects on tumor pathogenesis and prognostic outcomes. Although there have been significant researches on the prognostic association of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in selected histological subtypes, few investigations have systemically reported the prognostic impacts of immune cells in molecular subtypes, as quantified by machine learning approaches on multi-omics datasets. This paper describes a new computational framework, ProTICS, to quantify the differences in the proportion of immune cells in tumor microenvironment and estimate their prognostic effects in different subtypes. First, we stratified patients into molecular subtypes based on gene expression and methylation profiles by applying nonnegative tensor factorization technique. Then we quantified the proportion of cell types in each specimen using an mRNA-based deconvolution method. For tumors in each subtype, we estimated the prognostic effects of immune cell types by applying Cox proportional hazard regression. At the molecular level, we also predicted the prognosis of signature genes for each subtype. Finally, we benchmarked the performance of ProTICS on three TCGA datasets and another independent METABRIC dataset. ProTICS successfully stratified tumors into different molecular subtypes manifested by distinct overall survival. Furthermore, the different immune cell types showed distinct prognostic patterns with respect to molecular subtypes. This study provides new insights into the prognostic association between immune cells and molecular subtypes, showing the utility of immune cells as potential prognostic markers. Availability: R code is available at https://github.com/liu-shuhui/ProTICS.

15.
Chemosphere ; 278: 130390, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819893

RESUMO

A biotrickling filter (BTF) was combined with a microbial fuel cell (MFC) to remove ethyl acetate from exhaust gas while generating electricity in the process. The results indicated that the use of carbide porous ceramic rings (CPCR) as auxiliary anodes produced more biomass and exhibited a high average removal efficiency (98%), making it a superior microorganism growth carrier compared with carbon coke. When CPCR was used as the cathode in the BTF-MFC, the maximum power density (PD) was 5.64-14.8% of that achieved when carbon cloth was used as the cathode, revealing that CPCR is not a suitable cathode. The maximum elimination capacity (EC) and output voltage of the two-stage BTF-MFC (tBTF-MFC) were only 69.4% and 68.4% of those of the single-stage BTF-MFC (sBTF-MFC), presumably because of voltage reversal. Although the output voltage and EC in the tBTF-MFC were less than those in the sBTF-MFC, the follow-up field application involves stacking multiple small MFCs to remove high-concentration pollutants and generate a high power output. Additionally, continuously adding sodium sulfite decreased the average dissolved oxygen; generated an averaged closed-circuit voltage of 477 mV; and produced a maximum PD of 71.7 mW/m3. These findings demonstrated that the aforementioned method can effectively improve the problem of oxygen and MFC anodes competing for electrons, thus delivering a method that enhances MFC performance through controlling the amount of oxygen in practical applications.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Carbono , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Oxigênio
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721551

RESUMO

The main sample preparation method for analysis of pesticide residues in fruits is QuEChERS. In this study, a novel sample preparation method using molecular complex-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction is introduced with detection of forchlorfenuron by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array and mass spectrometric detection. Sample treatment involves initial extraction of a 5 g sample with 3 mL acetonitrile, and then the selective concentration of the analyte is performed using 150 µL tributyl phosphate by forming intermolecular hydrogen bonds with the analyte. The extraction mechanism was proved using ATR-FTIR. Under the optimised conditions, recovery rates varied between 88% and 107% for various sample matrices spiked at three levels in the range 0.01-0.1 mg kg-1. Intra-day and inter-day repeatabilities were in the ranges of 2.2-8.0% and 1.6-9.5%, respectively. Detection limit and quantitation limit were 0.33 µg kg-1 and 1.09 µg kg-1 for diode-array detection; 0.01 µg kg-1 and 0.04 µg kg-1 for tandem mass spectrometry detection. This method was successfully applied for the analysis of 149 various fruits. The analyte was found in 4 of the 149 samples and the contents were not over the specific maximum residue limit established by domestic and international regulations.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Frutas/química , Microextração em Fase Líquida , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Compostos de Fenilureia/análise , Piridinas/análise , Análise de Alimentos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Chemosphere ; 271: 129529, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434822

RESUMO

Norfloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, is widely used to treat microbial infections. However, untreated norfloxacin-containing wastewater poses serious threats to the ecosystem and human health. The treatment of waste expanded polystyrene (EPS) by landfilling or incineration could cause environmental problems. In this research, the feasibility of converting EPS into a valuable adsorbent for norfloxacin was evaluated. Results showed that EPS treated with H2SO4 (EPSH2SO4) effectively adsorbed norfloxacin. The optimal sulfonation conditions were 95% H2SO4 and 100 °C. Addition of 0.001 M of persulfate during sulfonation obviously shortened the sulfonation time to 7.5 min, and the adsorption ability of modified EPS increased with increasing persulfate dose. Under the experimental conditions of 25 mg L-1 norfloxacin, pH0 6.2, and 0.4 g L-1 EPSH2SO4+persulfate (dry weight), 97.2% of norfloxacin could be removed after 30 min of adsorption. The adsorption ability of EPSH2SO4+persulfate decreased with increasing solution pH0, and the optimal pH0 was 6.2. The Langmuir isotherm best described the adsorption behavior of EPSH2SO4+persulfate (qmax = 140.9 mg L-1, b = 1.97 L mg-1, R2 = 0.9992). 1 M HCl effectively regenerated the exhausted EPSH2SO4+persulfate at the optimal solid/solution ratio of 8 g L-1. EPSH2SO4+persulfate maintained excellent adsorption capacity (>80.9%) after eight adsorption-regeneration cycles.


Assuntos
Poliestirenos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Antibacterianos , Ecossistema , Fluoroquinolonas , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
J Sci Food Agric ; 101(4): 1636-1645, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The growing consumer demand for healthy products has encouraged the development of low-salt meat products. In this study, to develop low-salt restructured tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) meat products, citric acid was used to improve the properties of restructured tilapia products. RESULTS: In comparison with control restructured fish products (RP) and surimi products (SP), 0.2% citric acid-treated restructured fish products (RPC) and surimi products (SPC) showed a significant decrease in expressible water and water activity and a remarkable increase in whiteness, dry matter, hardness, chewiness, gumminess, and acceptability. Mechanistic studies suggested that citric acid significantly changed the content of total protein and myofibrillar proteins and promoted degradation of heavy myosin chains. Fourier-transform infrared and Raman spectra revealed the citric acid-mediated alteration in the peak intensities of amide I and amide II bands, which changed the secondary structures of RPC and SPC. CONCLUSION: It is feasible to prepare low-salt restructured tilapia meat products using citric acid, which offers a means of using muscle by-products and exploiting new functional products with an added commercial value. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ácido Cítrico/análise , Produtos Pesqueiros/análise , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Cloreto de Sódio/análise , Animais , Manipulação de Alimentos , Dureza , Humanos , Paladar , Tilápia
19.
J Environ Manage ; 277: 111487, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049609

RESUMO

Groundwater near refinery and natural gas plants often contain elevated concentrations of toxic sulfolane. Studies on any concentration of sulfolane are limited. Column experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of adding a low dose of H2O2 and nutrient on bioremediation. Vibrio fischeri light inhibition test was used evaluate the toxicity of effluents. The continuous column experiment conditions were sulfolane at 100 mg L-1, dissolved oxygen at 7 mg L-1, absence of phosphorus, and very short hydraulic retention time (7.9 h). A low dose of H2O2 (5.88 mM) enhanced the sulfolane (27.1%) and COD removal (11.8%) in comparison with the control set. Adding nutrient increased bicinchoninic acid protein assay levels, sulfolane removal (99.6%) and COD removal (80.3%). Addition of both H2O2 and nutrient further improved COD removal (90.3%) and COD/sulfolane ratio (0.90) and toxicity removal (Vibrio fischeri light inhibition ratio < 1%). Batch experiment indicated the degraders tolerated sulfolane up to 400 mg L-1. The DGGE method and dendrogram analysis were utilized to investigate the changes of degrader community structure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Água Subterrânea , Microbiota , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Biodegradação Ambiental , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 206: 111398, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010594

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. Its influence on lipid homeostasis remains to be proven. In this study, the obese model of laying hens were induced using high-fat diet (HFD) to determine the lipid metabolism interference of BPA, especially its influence on estrogen receptors (ERs) and oxidative damage, at the dose of tolerable daily intake (TDI, 50 µg/kg body weight [BW]/day) and no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL, 5000 µg/kg BW/day). The results demonstrated that the TDI dose of BPA interacted with ERα more effectively than the NOAEL dose of BPA. The TDI dose of BPA increased the expression of ERα (esr1), which further changed the expression of lipid metabolism-related genes, such as cpt-1, lpl, creb1, and apov1. Furthermore, the abdominal fat rate, hematoxylin-eosin staining of adipocytes, and the average area of the hens were reduced. Therefore, the TDI dose of BPA played an estrogen-compensating role and weakened the effect of HFD on obesity in aged hens. By contrast, BPA at NOAEL dose exhibited great oxidative stress, which remarkably inhibited the activities of antioxidant-related enzymes (total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) and promoted the excessive accumulation of lipid peroxidation products (malondialdehyde). Moreover, the increase in oxidative stress corresponded well with the increase in the expression of fat-forming genes (srebp-1, fas, acc, and ppar γ). That is, BPA at NOAEL may accelerate the process of fat formation.


Assuntos
Gordura Abdominal/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Fenóis/toxicidade , Gordura Abdominal/metabolismo , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo
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