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1.
Cell Rep ; 43(7): 114466, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985681

RESUMO

Meristems are crucial for organ formation, but our knowledge of their molecular evolution is limited. Here, we show that AINTEGUMENTA (MpANT) in the euANT branch of the APETALA2-like transcription factor family is essential for meristem development in the nonvascular plant Marchantia polymorpha. MpANT is expressed in the thallus meristem. Mpant mutants show defects to maintain meristem identity and undergo meristem duplication, while MpANT overexpressers show ectopic thallus growth. MpANT directly upregulates MpGRAS9 in the SHORT-ROOT (SHR) branch of the GRAS family. In the vascular plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the euANT-branch genes PLETHORAs (AtPLTs) and AtANT are involved in the formation and maintenance of root/shoot apical meristems and lateral organ primordia, and AtPLTs directly target SHR-branch genes. In addition, euANTs bind through a similar DNA-binding motif to many conserved homologous genes in M. polymorpha and A. thaliana. Overall, the euANT pathway has an evolutionarily conserved role in meristem development.

2.
Foods ; 13(11)2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890890

RESUMO

Excessive salt intake, primarily from sodium chloride prevalent in modern food processing, poses a significant public health risk associated with hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Researchers worldwide are exploring approaches to reduce salt consumption without compromising food flavor. One promising method is to enhance salty taste perception using multisensory synergies, leveraging gustatory, olfactory, auditory, visual, tactile and trigeminal senses to decrease salt intake while preserving food taste. This review provides a comprehensive overview of salt usage in foods, mechanisms of salty taste perception and evaluation methods for saltiness. Various strategies for reducing salt consumption while maintaining food flavor are examined, with existing salt reduction methods' advantages and limitations being critically analyzed. A particular emphasis is placed on exploring the mechanisms and potential of multisensory synergy in salt reduction. Taste interactions, olfactory cues, auditory stimulation, visual appearance and tactile sensations in enhancing saltiness perception are discussed, offering insights into developing nutritious, appealing low-sodium foods. Furthermore, challenges in current research are highlighted, and future directions for effective salt reduction strategies to promote public health are proposed. This review aims to establish a scientific foundation for creating healthier, flavorful low-sodium food options that meet consumer preferences and wellness needs.

3.
Opt Lett ; 49(11): 2954-2957, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824301

RESUMO

Low-cost nanocomposite metasurfaces have demonstrated attractive potential to replace the equivalent dielectric metasurfaces for light engineering. However, the resonance characteristics of embedded structures in nanocomposite metasurfaces have not been further analyzed beyond the effective refractive index. Herein, we have proposed customizable polarization-selective narrowband meta-filters using ultraviolet-curable (UV) nanocomposites. As an additional degree of freedom, near-field effects between highly concentrated doped nanoparticles can enhance the Mie resonance of the low aspect ratio (AR = 0.2) meta-units. The surface lattice resonances (SLRs) of meta-filters can be coupled with enhanced Mie resonances of individual meta-units to realize tunable narrowband (FWHM ∼0.007λ) reflections with intensities near unity. Meanwhile, the polarization-selective properties of the reflection peaks can be tuned by optimizing the asymmetric lattice. Such proposed new-generation customizable meta-filters will offer, to our knowledge, novel strategies for filtering specific near-infrared polarized fluorescence in the integrated imaging systems.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 332: 118291, 2024 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705427

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gentiana radix (GR) and wine-processed Gentiana radix (WGR) have been commonly used in folk medicine for the treatment of bile or liver disorders, including jaundice, hepatitis, swelling and inflammation for thousands of years. However, the therapeutic effects of gentian root (GR) and wine-made gentian root (WGR) treatment on damp-heat jaundice syndrome (DHJS) have not been studied in animal experiments. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of GR and WGR on DHJS in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a high-fat and high-sugar diet in a humidified hot environment, hepatic injury induced by giving alpha-naphthalene isothiocyanate (ANIT) in rats were used as a DHJS model. Histological analysis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), PCR analysis, and metabolomics were used to elucidate the mechanism of GR and WGR for DHJS. RESULTS: The results indicated that GR and WGR affected DHJS by inhibiting the release of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (D-BIL), total bilirubin (TBIL), total bile acid (TBA), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione S-transferase (GST) (P < 0.05). In addition, they significantly reduced the gene expression levels of Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), bile salt export pump (BESP), multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 (MRP3) (P < 0.05). The WGR group improved the above function indicators better than the GR group. GR and WGR could restore 11 potential biomarkers in rats with DHJS tended to return to normal levels, these biomarkers were involved in arachidonic acid metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, retinol metabolism, arginine biosynthesis. The results of the metabolic pathway showed that WGR was significantly better than GR in the improvement of porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that treatment with GR and WGR has a beneficial effect on DHJS in rats, the major mechanisms may be involved in improving functional indicators of the body and endogenous metabolism, and WGR is more effective than GR. It provides important evidence for the clinical application of GR and WGR in the treatment of DHJS.


Assuntos
Gentiana , Metabolômica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Animais , Gentiana/química , Masculino , Ratos , Raízes de Plantas , Icterícia/tratamento farmacológico , Vinho , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças
5.
Cancer Sci ; 115(7): 2318-2332, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705575

RESUMO

Persistent activation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-mediated estrogen signaling plays a pivotal role in driving the progression of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer (BC). In the current study, LINC00173, a long non-coding RNA, was found to bind both ERα and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) factor (LITAF), then cooperatively to inhibit ERα protein degradation by impeding the nuclear export of ERα. Concurrently, LITAF was found to attenuate TNFα transcription after binding to LINC00173, and this attenuating transcriptional effect was quite significant under lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Distinct functional disparities between estrogen subtypes emerge, with estradiol synergistically promoting ER+ BC cell growth with LINC00173, while estrone (E1) facilitated LITAF-transcriptional activation. In terms of therapeutic significance, silencing LINC00173 alongside moderate addition of E1 heightened TNFα and induced apoptosis, effectively inhibiting ER+ BC progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Estrona , RNA Longo não Codificante , Fatores de Transcrição , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Estrona/metabolismo , Estrona/farmacologia , Estrona/análogos & derivados , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Camundongos , Inativação Gênica
6.
Langmuir ; 40(20): 10486-10491, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728233

RESUMO

In view of the excellent prospects of gene therapy and the potential safety and immunogenicity issues challenged by viral vectors, it is of great significance to develop a nonviral vector with low toxicity and low cost. In this work, we report a chitosan nanoparticle (CSNP) to be used as a gene vector prepared through a facile solvent-exchange strategy. Chitosan is first dissolved in ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIM Ac), and then, the solvent is exchanged with water/phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) to remove ionic liquid, forming a final CSNP dispersion after ultrasonication. The prepared CSNP shows a positive surface charge and can condense green fluorescent protein-encoding plasmid (pGFP) at weight ratios (CSNP/pGFP) of 5/1 or higher. Dynamic light scattering size and ζ-potential characterization and gel retardation results confirm the formation of CSNP/pGFP complexes. Compared with plain pGFP, efficient cellular internalization and significantly enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression are observed by using CSNP as a plasmid vector. Benefitting from the intrinsic biocompatibility, low cost, low immunogenicity, and abundant sources of chitosan, as well as the facile preparation and the efficient gene transfection capacity of CSNP, it is believed that this CSNP could be used as a nonviral gene vector with great clinical translational potentials.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Nanopartículas , Plasmídeos , Solventes , Quitosana/química , Nanopartículas/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Humanos , Solventes/química , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Transfecção/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Células HeLa
7.
ISME J ; 18(1)2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709871

RESUMO

Chirality, a fundamental property of matter, is often overlooked in the studies of marine organic matter cycles. Dihydroxypropanesulfonate (DHPS), a globally abundant organosulfur compound, serves as an ecologically important currency for nutrient and energy transfer from phytoplankton to bacteria in the ocean. However, the chirality of DHPS in nature and its transformation remain unclear. Here, we developed a novel approach using chiral phosphorus-reagent labeling to separate DHPS enantiomers. Our findings demonstrated that at least one enantiomer of DHPS is present in marine diatoms and coccolithophores, and that both enantiomers are widespread in marine environments. A novel chiral-selective DHPS catabolic pathway was identified in marine Roseobacteraceae strains, where HpsO and HpsP dehydrogenases at the gateway to DHPS catabolism act specifically on R-DHPS and S-DHPS, respectively. R-DHPS is also a substrate for the dehydrogenase HpsN. All three dehydrogenases generate stable hydrogen bonds between the chirality-center hydroxyls of DHPS and highly conserved residues, and HpsP also form coordinate-covalent bonds between the chirality-center hydroxyls and Zn2+, which determines the mechanistic basis of strict stereoselectivity. We further illustrated the role of enzymatic promiscuity in the evolution of DHPS metabolism in Roseobacteraceae and SAR11. This study provides the first evidence of chirality's involvement in phytoplankton-bacteria metabolic currencies, opening a new avenue for understanding the ocean organosulfur cycle.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Fitoplâncton , Rhodobacteraceae , Fitoplâncton/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Diatomáceas/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Haptófitas/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/genética , Biotransformação , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Alcanossulfonatos
8.
New Phytol ; 242(5): 2043-2058, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515251

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are essential in plant development and stress resistance, but their specific roles in drought stress require further investigation. Here, we have uncovered that a Populus-specific microRNAs (miRNA), miR6445, targeting NAC (NAM, ATAF, and CUC) family genes, is involved in regulating drought tolerance of poplar. The expression level of miR6445 was significantly upregulated under drought stress; concomitantly, seven targeted NAC genes showed significant downregulation. Silencing the expression of miR6445 by short tandem target mimic technology significantly decreased the drought tolerance in poplar. Furthermore, 5' RACE experiments confirmed that miR6445 directly targeted NAC029. The overexpression lines of PtrNAC029 (OE-NAC029) showed increased sensitivity to drought compared with knockout lines (Crispr-NAC029), consistent with the drought-sensitive phenotype observed in miR6445-silenced strains. PtrNAC029 was further verified to directly bind to the promoters of glutathione S-transferase U23 (GSTU23) and inhibit its expression. Both Crispr-NAC029 and PtrGSTU23 overexpressing plants showed higher levels of PtrGSTU23 transcript and GST activity while accumulating less reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, poplars overexpressing GSTU23 demonstrated enhanced drought tolerance. Taken together, our research reveals the crucial role of the miR6445-NAC029-GSTU23 module in enhancing poplar drought tolerance by regulating ROS homeostasis. This finding provides new molecular targets for improving the drought resistance of trees.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Glutationa Transferase , MicroRNAs , Proteínas de Plantas , Populus , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Populus/genética , Populus/fisiologia , Populus/enzimologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Genes de Plantas , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Resistência à Seca
9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167066, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350542

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has been the third most common malignancy and the second cause of cancer-related mortality. As the core of volume-sensitive chloride currents, leucine-rich repeat-containing 8A (LRRC8A) contributes to tumor progression but is not consistent, especially for whom the roles in colon carcinoma metastasis were not fully elucidated. Herein, LRRC8A proteins were found highly expressed in hematogenous metastasis from human colorectal cancer samples. The oxaliplatin-resistant HCT116 cells highly expressed LRRC8A, which was related to impaired proliferation and enhanced migration. The over-expressed LRRC8A slowed proliferation and increased migration ex vivo and in vivo. The elevated LRRC8A upregulated the focal adhesion, MAPK, AMPK, and chemokine signaling pathways via phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. Inhibition of LRRC8A impeded the TNF-α signaling cascade and TNF-α-induced migration. LRRC8A binding to PIP5K1B regulated the PIP2 formation, providing a platform for LRRC8A to mediate cell signaling transduction. Importantly, LRRC8A self-regulated its transcription via NF-κB1 and NF-κB2 pathways and the upregulation of NIK/NF-κB2/LRRC8A transcriptional axis was unfavorable for colon cancer patients. Collectively, our findings reveal that LRRC8A is a central mediator in mediating multiple signaling pathways to promote metastasis and targeting LRRC8A proteins could become a potential clinical biomarker-driven treatment strategy for colon cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Subunidade p52 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(3): 167045, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306800

RESUMO

Excessive hepatic lipid droplets (LDs) accumulation-induced lipid metabolism disorder contributes to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Exercise is a promising therapeutic strategy for NAFLD. However, the mechanism by which exercise ameliorates NAFLD through regulating the catabolism of hepatic LDs remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of perilipin2 (PLIN2)-lysosomal acid lipase (LIPA) axis mediating exercise-triggered lipophagy in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD mouse model. Our results showed that exercise could reduce HFD-induced hepatic LDs accumulation and change the expression of lipolysis-related enzymes. Moreover, exercise upregulated the expression of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and autophagy-related proteins, and downregulated sequestosome 1 (P62) expression and promoted autophagosomes formation. Interestingly, exercise downregulated PLIN2 expression, upregulated LIPA expression, and increased the activity of hepatic LIPA and serum levels of LIPA in the NAFLD mouse model. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator-5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAr) treatment significantly increased mRNA levels and protein expression of LIPA and LC3II and decreased levels of PLIN2 and P62 in palmitic acid (PA)-treated HepG2 cells. PLIN2 silencing and LIPA overexpression notably increased the mRNA level and protein expression of LC3II and decreased the mRNA level and protein expression of p62, respectively. In summary, our findings reveal novel insights into the effect of exercise on improving lipid droplet metabolism disorder in NAFLD. Enhancing the PLIN2-LIPA axis-mediated lipophagy may be one of the key mechanisms involved in NAFLD alleviation by exercise.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Autofagia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
11.
Stress Biol ; 4(1): 15, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363398

RESUMO

Tea plant [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] is one of the important foliar cash crops in China, and its root system absorbs heavy metal (HM) elements enriched in the soil and transports them to the over ground part. In order to ensure the safety of the soil ecological environment and tea raw materials in the tea production area, the HM contents of soil and tea plant leaves in Suzhou tea plantations were detected, the relationship between HMs and soil physicochemical properties was analyzed, and the ecological risk of HMs in tea plantation soils was evaluated by using relevant detection techniques and evaluation models. The results showed that the average pH of tea plantation soils around Tai Lake in Suzhou was within the range suitable for the growth of tea plants. The pH, soil organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium of tea plantation soil satisfying the requirements of high quality, high efficiency and high yield ('3H') tea plantation accounted for 47.06%, 26.47%, 8.82%, 79.41% and 67.65%, respectively. Site 2 fully met the requirements of '3H' tea plantation. In addition, the contents of cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) were extremely variable, and the average contents exceeded the background value of soil in Jiangsu Province, but the HM contents of tea leaves all met the pollution-free standard, and the HM contents of tea leaves around Tai Lake in Suzhou were generally at a safe level. The composite ecological risk index ranged from 0.05 to 0.60, and 32 of the 34 sample sites (except site 21 and site 23) are the most suitable agricultural land for tea plantations.

12.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 22(2): 302-322, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37581520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic polymorphism has been proven to have an important association with depression, which can influence the risk of developing depression, the efficacy of medications, and adverse effects via metabolic and neurological pathways. Nonetheless, aspects of the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and depression have not been systematically investigated by bibliometric analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the current status and trends of single nucleotide polymorphism research on depression through bibliometric and visual analysis. METHODS: The Web of Science Core Collection was used to retrieve 10,043 articles that were published between 1998 and 2021. CiteSpace (6.1 R4) was used to perform collaborative network analysis, co-citation analysis, co-occurrence analysis, and citation burst detection. RESULTS: The most productive and co-cited journals were the Journal of Affective Disorders and Biological Psychiatry, respectively, and an analysis of the references showed that the most recent research focused on the largest thematic cluster, "5-HT", reflecting the important research base in this area. "CYP2D6" has been in the spotlight since its emergence in 2009 and has become a research hotspot since its outbreak in 2019. However, "BDNF ", "COMT ", "older adults", "loci", and "DNA methylation" are also the new frontier of research, and some of them are currently in the process of exploration. CONCLUSION: These findings offer a useful perspective on existing research and potential future approaches in the study of the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and depression, which may assist researchers in selecting appropriate collaborators or journals.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Depressão/genética , Bibliometria , Metilação de DNA
13.
Small ; 20(10): e2307138, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37875766

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) offer a desirable platform to explore multichoromophoric arrays for photocatalytic conversion. Symmetric arrangement of choromophoric modules over π-extended frameworks enhances exciton delocalization while impairing excitation density and accordingly photochemical reactivity. Herein, a photoisomerization-driven strategy is proposed to break the excited-state symmetry of ketoenamine-linked COFs with multichoromophoric arrays. Incorporating electron-withdrawing benzothiadiazole facilitates the ultrafast excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) from enamine to keto within 140 fs, resulting in partially enolized COF isomers. The hybrid linkages containing imine and enamine bonds at the node of framework alter the symmetry of electronic structure and enforce the photoinduced charge separation. Increasing the imine-to-enamine ratio further promotes the electron transferred number in a long range, thereby affording the optimum photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate. This work put forward an ESIPT-induced photoisomerization to build a symmetry-breaking COF with weakened exciton effect and enhanced photochemical reactivity.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 254(Pt 3): 127950, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37951431

RESUMO

Chitosan has great potential for biomedical applications. However, the intractable solubility of chitosan is a major bottleneck hampering its utilization. In this work, we report a low-temperature solvent-exchange method to solubilize chitosan in biologically relevant solvents (bio-solvents) including water, salines, and cell culture media. Chitosan was firstly dissolved in ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIM Ac). The chitosan/IL solution was then dialyzed against bio-solvents at 4 °C, during which a solvent exchange process took place. At the end of 24 h dialysis, aqueous chitosan pseudosolutions formed. Low temperature is found to be crucial for efficient solubilization of chitosan during the solvent exchange process. Increasing temperature to 50 °C leads to the formation of solid chitosan hydrogel. Chitosan in the water-based pseudosolution presents as positively charged particles. The pseudosolution shows a high positive zeta potential of about +52.6 mV and good colloidal stability. The water-based pseudosolutions with different amounts of chitosan contents exhibit the rheological features of weak liquid gels. By using these pseudosolutions, the fabrication of various chitosan materials is realized readily. Both chitosan pseudosolution and its downstream products are highly biocompatible. In this strategy, using IL as a solvent-medium and processing a low-temperature solvent exchange are the two key parameters to solubilize chitosan.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Líquidos Iônicos , Solventes , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Temperatura , Diálise Renal , Água
15.
J Nutr Biochem ; 123: 109512, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37907171

RESUMO

Long-term consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) disrupts energy homeostasis and leads to weight gain. The fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene has been consistently identified to be associated with HFD-induced obesity. The hypothalamus is crucial for regulating energy balance, and HFD-induced hypothalamic leptin resistance contributes to obesity. FTO, an N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation regulator, may be a key mediator of leptin resistance. However, the exact mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the association between FTO and leptin resistance. After HFD or standard diet (SD) feeding in male mice for 22 weeks, m6A-sequencing and western blotting assays were used to identify target genes and assess protein level, and molecular interaction changes. CRISPR/Cas9 gene knockout system was employed to investigate the potential function of FTO in leptin resistance and obesity. Our data showed that chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand 1 (CX3CL1) was a direct downstream target of FTO-mediated m6A modification. Furthermore, upregulation of FTO/CX3CL1 and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in the hypothalamus impaired leptin-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling, resulting in leptin resistance and obesity. Compared to wild-type (WT) mice, FTO deficiency in leptin receptor-expressing neurons of the hypothalamus significantly inhibited the upregulation of CX3CL1 and SOCS3, and partially ameliorating leptin resistance under HFD conditions. Our findings reveal that FTO involved in the hypothalamic leptin resistance and provides novel insight into the function of FTO in the contribution to hypothalamic leptin resistance and obesity.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Leptina , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/metabolismo , Quimiocina CX3CL1/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina/genética
16.
Nano Lett ; 23(23): 11193-11202, 2023 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38039401

RESUMO

The topically administered glaucoma medications usually encounter serious precorneal drug loss and low corneal penetration, leading to a low bioavailability. In addition, due to the complexity of glaucoma etiology, a single medication is often insufficient. In this work, we report a novel dendritic oligoethylenimine decorated liposome for codelivery of two antiglaucoma drugs, latanoprost and timolol. The liposome showed a uniform nanoscopic particle size, positive surface charge, and excellent dual-drug loading capacity. A prolonged precorneal retention is observed by using this liposomal delivery system. This liposomal delivery system presents increased cellular uptake and tight junctions opening capacity, contributing respectively to the transcellular and paracellular permeation, thereby enhancing the trans-corneal transportation. Following topical administration of one eye drop in brown Norway rats, the dual-drug-loaded liposome formulation resulted in a sustained and effective intraocular pressure reduction as long as 5 days, without inducing ocular inflammation, discomfort, and tissue damage.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Lipossomos , Ratos , Animais , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Agentes Antiglaucoma , Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Timolol/farmacologia , Timolol/uso terapêutico , Administração Tópica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(52): e202310972, 2023 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936564

RESUMO

In-plane ionic conduction over two-dimensional (2D) materials is desirable for flexible electronics. Exfoliating 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) towards a few layers is highly anticipated, whereas most examples remain robust via π-stacking against the interlayered dislocation. Herein, we synthesize a phosphine-amine-linked 2D COF by a nucleophilic substitution reaction of phosphazene with amines. The synthesized COF is crystalline, and stacks in an AB-staggered fashion, wherein the AB dual layers are interlocked by embedding P-Cl bonds from one to another layer, and the non-interlocked layers are readily delaminated. Therefore, in situ post-quaternization over phosphazene can improve the ionization of backbones, accompanied by layered exfoliation. The ultrathin nanosheets can decouple lithium salts for fast solid-state ion transport, achieving a high conductivity and low activation energy. Our findings explore the P-N substitution reaction for COF crystallization and demonstrate that the staggered stacking 2D COFs are readily exfoliated for designing solid electrolytes.

18.
Cell Rep ; 42(10): 113224, 2023 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37805922

RESUMO

Macrophages play a pivotal role in tumor immunity. We report that reprogramming of macrophages to tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) promotes the secretion of exosomes. Mechanistically, increased exosome secretion is driven by MADD, which is phosphorylated by Akt upon TAM induction and activates Rab27a. TAM exosomes carry high levels of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and potently suppress the proliferation and function of CD8+ T cells. Analysis of patient melanoma tissues indicates that TAM exosomes contribute significantly to CD8+ T cell suppression. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis showed that exosome-related genes are highly expressed in macrophages in melanoma; TAM-specific RAB27A expression inversely correlates with CD8+ T cell infiltration. In a murine melanoma model, lipid nanoparticle delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting macrophage RAB27A led to better T cell activation and sensitized tumors to anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) treatment. Our study demonstrates tumors use TAM exosomes to combat CD8 T cells and suggests targeting TAM exosomes as a potential strategy to improve immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Melanoma , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Regulação para Cima , Exossomos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo
19.
Foods ; 12(20)2023 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37893714

RESUMO

The synthesis of tea fatty acids plays a crucial role in determining the oil content of tea seeds and selecting tea tree varieties suitable for harvesting both leaves and fruits. However, there is limited research on fatty acid synthesis in tea trees, and the precise mechanisms influencing tea seed oil content remain elusive. To reveal the fatty acid biosynthesis mechanism, we conducted a photosynthetic characteristic and targeted metabolomics analysis in comparison between Jincha 2 and Wuniuzao cultivars. Our findings revealed that Jincha 2 exhibited significantly higher net photosynthetic rates (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), and transpiration rate (Tr) compared with Wuniuzao, indicating the superior photosynthetic capabilities of Jincha 2. Totally, we identified 94 metabolites with significant changes, including key hormone regulators such as gibberellin A1 (GA1) and indole 3-acetic acid (IAA). Additionally, linolenic acid, methyl dihydrojasmonate, and methylthiobutyric acid, precursors required for fatty acid synthesis, were significantly more abundant in Jincha 2 compared with Wuniuzao. In summary, our research suggests that photosynthetic rates and metabolites contribute to the increased yield, fatty acid synthesis, and oil content observed in Jincha 2 when compared with Wuniuzao.

20.
Sci Adv ; 9(36): eadi4997, 2023 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672583

RESUMO

Fast and accurate detection of nucleic acids is key for pathogen identification. Methods for DNA detection generally rely on fluorescent or colorimetric readout. The development of label-free assays decreases costs and test complexity. We present a novel method combining a one-pot isothermal generation of DNA nanoballs with their detection by electrical impedance. We modified loop-mediated isothermal amplification by using compaction oligonucleotides that self-assemble the amplified target into nanoballs. Next, we use capillary-driven flow to passively pass these nanoballs through a microfluidic impedance cytometer, thus enabling a fully compact system with no moving parts. The movement of individual nanoballs is detected by a change in impedance providing a quantized readout. This approach is flexible for the detection of DNA/RNA of numerous targets (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, HIV, ß-lactamase gene, etc.), and we anticipate that its integration into a standalone device would provide an inexpensive (<$5), sensitive (10 target copies), and rapid test (<1 hour).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , DNA , Oligonucleotídeos , Eletrônica
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