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1.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 304(11): 2521-2530, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469051

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease for which currently no cure is available. Electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely used in China as an alternative therapeutic approach for neurological diseases. The cognitive decline in patients with AD has been reported to be closely related to the deposition of amyloid-ß (Aß) in the hippocampus of the brain, and the Morris water maze (MWM) test is a widely used method for assessing the behavior of animal models. In this study, the MWM test was performed to evaluate the effects of EA treatment on cognitive function and memory, and the micro-positron emission tomography scan was used to assess the hippocampal Aß deposition. The results showed that the cognitive function of APP/PS1 mice was significantly improved and the rate of [18F]AV-45 uptake was reduced in the EA group, compared with the AD group. Our study suggested that EA can exert a therapeutic effect in AD by improving spatial learning and memory and inhibiting the hippocampal Aß deposition.

2.
Org Lett ; 23(16): 6237-6241, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339206

RESUMO

The direct Pd-catalyzed ß-C-H arylation of aldehydes and ketones was developed by using 2-amino-N,N'-diisopropylsuccinamide as a novel transient directing group (TDG). The TDG showed good versatility in functionalizing unactivated ß-C-H bonds of aldehydes and ketones. It was effective not only for aliphatic aldehydes and ketones but also for aromatic aldehydes and ketones. Besides, it was applicable to o-methylbenzaldehydes.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(18): 6962-6968, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909970

RESUMO

The Nazarov electrocyclization reaction is a convenient, widely used method for construction of cyclopentenones. In the past few decades, catalytic asymmetric versions of the reaction have been extensively studied, but the strategies used to control the position of the double bond limit the substituent pattern of the products and thus the synthetic applications of the reaction. Herein, we report highly enantioselective silicon-directed Nazarov reactions which were cooperatively catalyzed by a Lewis acid and a chiral Brønsted acid. The chiral cyclopentenones we synthesized using this method generally cannot be obtained by means of other catalytic enantioselective reactions, including previously reported methods for enantioselective Nazarov cyclization. The silicon group in the dienone substrate stabilized the ß-carbocation of the intermediate, thereby determining the position of the double bond in the product. Mechanistic studies suggested that the combination of Lewis and Brønsted acids synergistically activated the dienone substrate and that the enantioselectivity of the reaction originated from a chiral Brønsted acid promoted proton transfer reaction of the enol intermediate.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 407: 124700, 2021 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333388

RESUMO

Neurotoxic methylmercury (MeHg) in environments poses substantial risks to human health. Saturated sediments are basic sources of MeHg in food chains; however, distribution patterns and environmental drivers of MeHg at a global scale remain largely unexplored. Here, we characterized global patterns of MeHg distribution and environmental drivers of MeHg production based on 495 sediment samples across five typical ecosystems from the literature (1995-2018) and our own field survey. Our results showed the MeHg concentration ranged from 0.009 to 55.7 µg kg-1 across the different ecosystems, and the highest MeHg concentration and Hg methylation potential were from the sediments of paddy and marine environments, respectively. Further, using combined analysis of random forest and structural equation modeling, we identified temperature and precipitation as important regulators of MeHg production after accounting for the well-known drivers including Hg availability and sediment geochemistry. More importantly, we found increased MeHg production in sediments with elevated mean annual Hg precipitation, and warmer temperature could also accelerate MeHg production by facilitating activities of microbial methylators. Together, this work advances our understanding of global MeHg distribution in sediments and environmental drivers, which are fundamental to the prediction and management of MeHg production and its potential health risk globally.

5.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 16: 2551-2561, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133287

RESUMO

A sugar-functionalized water-soluble tribenzotriquinacene derivative bearing six glucose residues, TBTQ-(OG) 6 , was synthesized and its interaction with C60 and C70-fullerene in co-organic solvents and aqueous solution was investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The association stoichiometry of the complexes TBTQ-(OG) 6 with C60 and TBTQ-(OG) 6 with C70 was found to be 1:1 with binding constants of K a = (1.50 ± 0.10) × 105 M-1 and K a = (2.20 ± 0.16) × 105 M-1, respectively. The binding affinity between TBTQ-(OG) 6 and C60 was further verified by Raman spectroscopy. The geometry of the complex of TBTQ-(OG) 6 with C60 deduced from DFT calculations indicates that the driving force of the complexation is mainly due to the hydrophobic effect and to host-guest π-π interactions. Hydrophobic surface simulations showed that TBTQ-(OG) 6 and C60 forms an amphiphilic supramolecular host-guest complex, which further assembles to microspheres with diameters of 0.3-3.5 µm, as determined by scanning electron microscopy.

6.
Yi Chuan ; 42(5): 435-443, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431295

RESUMO

The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful tool which has been extensively used for genome editing in the past few years. Nuclease-dead Cas9 (CRISPR/dCas9), a Cas9 protein mutant without splicing ability, along with loss-of- function (LOF), gain-of-function (GOF), or non-coding genes scanning approaches can reveal genome-scale functional determinants. CRISPR/Cas9 has been widely adopted to decipher disease mechanisms and pinpoint drug targets in the life science field, and also provide novel insights into animal genetics and breeding. In this review, we summarize the research progress in high-throughput CRISPR/Cas9 screening for revealing the functional genes and regulatory elements in the whole genome. We also highlight the applications of CRISPR/Cas9 system in the animal cells, providing a reference for gene editing and other related research in related fields.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico , Animais , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas
7.
Chaos ; 29(10): 103102, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675842

RESUMO

Link prediction plays a significant role in various applications of complex networks. The existing link prediction methods can be divided into two categories: structural similarity algorithms in network domain and network embedding algorithms in the field of machine learning. However, few researchers focus on comparing these two categories of algorithms and exploring the intrinsic relationship between them. In this study, we systematically compare the two categories of algorithms and study the shortcomings of network embedding algorithms. The results indicate that network embedding algorithms have poor performance in short-path networks. Then, we explain the reasons for this phenomenon by computing the Euclidean distance distribution of node pairs after a given network has been embedded into a vector space. In the vector space of a short-path network, the distance distribution of existent and nonexistent links are often less distinguishable, which can sharply reduce the algorithmic performance. In contrast, structural similarity algorithms, which are not restricted by the distance function, can represent node similarity accurately in short-path networks. To address the above pitfall of network embedding, we propose a novel method for link prediction aiming to supplement network embedding algorithms with local structural information. The experimental results suggest that our proposed algorithm has significant performance improvement in many empirical networks, especially in short-path networks. AUC and Precision can be improved by 36.7%-94.4% and 53.2%-207.2%, respectively.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1083, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705349

RESUMO

The differences between the XXZ model with topological and periodical boundary conditions were compared by studying their entanglement, quantum discord, and critical temperature above which the entanglement vanishes. It shows that the different boundary conditions mainly affect bipartite quantum correlations of the boundary spins rather than that of other spin pairs. The topological boundary spins can protect entanglement and discord against strong magnetic fields while the periodical boundary spins can protect them against nonuniform magnetic fields. Compared with the periodical XXZ model, the critical temperature is significantly improved for the topological XXZ model. The topological XXZ model also allows us to improve significantly its critical temperature by increasing the strength of magnetic field, which is not feasible for the periodical XXZ model. It is therefore more promising for preparing entangled states at high temperature in the topological XXZ model.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(2): 934-944, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628362

RESUMO

In the present study, a total of 1130 soil samples were collected in 2003 and 2013 in the Ningbo city district, and the content of eight typical heavy metals were measured. The degree of heavy metal pollution in the soil in the study area was evaluated using the pollution index evaluation method. The temporal and spatial variation in the pollution were analyzed by the geostatistics method, and principal component analysis (PCA) and the UNMIX model were used to analyze the heavy metal pollution sources. The results showed that:① excluding As, the mean values of the other seven heavy metals in both periods exceeded the soil background values in Zhejiang province and national background values, which indicated that heavy metal pollution is common in the soil from the study area. From 2003 to 2013, the mean content of all elements increased to some degree, indicating that the heavy metals pollution was generally aggravated in 10 a; the increase in the mean Hg content was the greatest. ② The evaluation results based on the single-factor pollution index showed that the pollution degree was high for Hg; moderate for Cd, Cu, and Pb; slight for Zn, Cr, and Ni; and unpolluted for As. The evaluation results based on Nemero's comprehensive pollution index showed that the pollution index for all samples exceeded the precaution value, and the number of soil samples that were characterized as heavily polluted with a comprehensive pollution index over 3 had increased significantly. ③ The spatial distribution of the same heavy metal in different periods presented similar characteristics. Generally speaking, the spatial distribution of Pb was similar to that of Hg, and the spatial distributions of Cr, As, Cu, Zn, and Ni were similar to each other; high value areas were mainly concentrated in the four areas of Haishu, Jiangbei, Jiangdong, and Zhenhai districts, where the polluted enterprises were densely distributed and human activities were frequent. ④ Based on PCA and the UNMIX receptor model, the source analysis results of soil heavy metals in 2013 were essentially the same, i.e., the source of heavy metal pollution in the study area included industrial sources and living sources. Industrial sources of heavy metal pollution had the highest contribution rate and derived from industrial wastewater, waste gas, and waste residue discharged by plasticizing, mining, and metallurgical enterprises; chemical and mechanical manufacturing enterprises; etc., causing the accumulation of Cr, As, Cu, Zn, and Ni in the soil. The living sources had the second highest contribution rate and originated from the pollution of particulates and dust caused by domestic waste, automobile exhaust, and road wear. Additionally, natural factors had small contribution rates, mainly due to the spread of pollutants by prevailing winds and atmospheric settlement.

10.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11081, 2018 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30038348

RESUMO

We investigate the behavior of coherence in scattering quantum walk search on complete graph under the condition that the total number of vertices of the graph is significantly larger than the marked number of vertices we are searching, N ≫ v. We find that the consumption of coherence represents the increase of the success probability for the searching, also it is related to the efficiency of the algorithm in oracle queries. If no coherence is consumed or an incoherent state is utilized, the algorithm will behave as the classical blind search, implying that coherence is responsible for the speed-up in this quantum algorithm over its classical counterpart. The effect of noises, in particular of photon loss and random phase shifts, on the performance of algorithm is studied. Two types of noise are considered because they arise in the optical network used for experimental realization of scattering quantum walk. It is found that photon loss will reduce the coherence and random phase shifts will hinder the interference between the edge states, both leading to lower success probability compared with the noise-free case. We then conclude that coherence plays an essential role and is responsible for the speed-up in this quantum algorithm.

11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5325, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29593312

RESUMO

The interaction of quantum system and its environment brings out abundant quantum phenomenons. The sudden death of quantum resources, including entanglement, quantum discord and coherence, have been studied from the perspective of quantum breaking channels (QBC). QBC of quantum resources reveal the common features of quantum resources. The definition of QBC implies the relationship between quantum resources. However, sudden death of quantum resources can also appear under some other quantum channels. We consider the dynamics of Bell-diagonal states under a stochastic dephasing noise along the z-direction, and the sudden death and sudden birth of quantum discord are investigated. Next we explain this phenomenon from the geometric structure of quantum discord. According to the above results, the states with sudden death and sudden birth can be filtered in three-parameter space. Then we provide two necessary conditions to judge which kind of noise channels can make Bell-diagonal states sudden death and sudden birth. Moreover, the relation between quantum discord and coherence indicates that the sudden death and sudden birth of quantum discord implies the sudden death and sudden birth of coherence in an optimal basis.

12.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 14806, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29093505

RESUMO

We investigate the single qubit transformations under several typical coherence-free operations, such as, incoherent operation (IO), strictly incoherent operation (SIO), physically incoherent operation (PIO), and coherence-preserving operation (CPO). Quantitative connection has been built between IO and SIO in single qubit systems. Moreover, these coherence-free operations have a clear hierarchical relationship in single qubit systems: CPO ⊂ PIO ⊂ SIO=IO. A new and explicit proof for the necessary and sufficient condition of single qubit transformation via IO or SIO has been provided, which indicates that SIO with only two Kraus operators are enough to realize this transformation. The transformation regions of single qubits via CPO and PIO are also given. Our method provides a geometric illustration to analyze single qubit coherence transformations by introducing the Bloch sphere depiction of the transformation regions, and tells us how to construct the corresponding coherence-free operations.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(5): 2012-2020, 2017 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965108

RESUMO

In order to investigate the effect of temperature on the cellulose-degrading bacteria and denitrifying bacteria, the denitrification and phosphorus removal of solid carbon source of cellulose corncob+sulfur/sponge iron nitrogen and phosphorus removal composite system, abbreviated as SCSC-S/Fe, was analyzed under different temperature conditions, and the surface structure and microbial properties of corncob before and after reaction were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technologies. The results indicated that when temperature increased from 15, 20, 25 to 30℃, the average TN removal rate of the system increased from 78.88% to 92.70%, the average removal rate of TP increased from 82.58% to 89.15%;microbial properties showed that the surface reaction after corncob was dominated by spherical and rod-shaped microorganisms; the proportion of cellulose-degrading bacteria was 11.01% higher at 30℃ than 20℃, and the proportion of denitrifying bacteria decreased by 21.26%. It can be seen that the cellulose -degrading bacteria were more sensitive to the temperature than the denitrification bacteria, and more obviously affected by the temperature.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Celulose/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/isolamento & purificação , Fósforo/isolamento & purificação , Desnitrificação , Ferro , Temperatura
14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(10): 4309-4315, 2017 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965216

RESUMO

In order to improve the ability of denitrification and phosphorus removal from reclaimed water, a novel composite filler was prepared using sulfur powder and sponge iron powder, and a comparative experiment was constructed at different HRT(hydraulic retention time) and C/N(carbon-nitrogen ratio) conditions between the novel filler and the composite filler. The results showed that the efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus removal on the novel filler was higher than that on the grain filler (more than 30% higher at HRT=4 h and C/N=1). Moreover, based on the 16S rRNA gene clone library, the denitrification system in the two reactors included sulfur autotrophic denitrification bacteria and heterotrophic denitrification bacteria, while the proportion of sulfur autotrophic denitrification bacteria in the novel filler system was higher. The dominant bacteria in the novel filler and composite filler were Sulfurimonas and Acinetobacter, respectively.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio/isolamento & purificação , Fósforo/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água , Processos Autotróficos , Bactérias/classificação , Ferro , Nitratos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Enxofre
15.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 39(3): 975-84, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27513857

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the effect of thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG) gene knockdown on the differentiation of pig preadipocytes. METHODS: Preadipocytes were obtained from subcutaneous adipose tissue from the neck of 1- to 7-day-old pigs. The TDG gene was knocked down using siRNA, and cell differentiation was induced. The mRNA expression level was measured using fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the protein expression level was determined using Western blot analysis. The DNA methylation levels in promoter regions of differentiation-related genes were also evaluated. RESULTS: TDG gene knockdown decreased the mRNA expression levels of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγ (PPARγ) and Fatty acid binding proteins 4(FABP4 Also known as aP2) genes (P<0.01), while the mRNA expression level of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha(C/EBPα) gene did not change significantly (P>0.05). In addition, after induced differentiation, the lipid droplet production significantly decreased, and the percentages of methylation in the promoter regions of C/EBPα, PPARγ, and aP2 genes were 0.9%, 80%, and 76%, respectively. In contrast, the percentages of methylation in the negative control groups were 0.5%, 67.5%, and 58%, respectively. CONCLUSION: TDG gene knockdown could inhibit the differentiation of pig preadipocytes and affect the DNA methylation levels of some transcription factors.


Assuntos
Adipócitos Brancos/metabolismo , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Epigênese Genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , PPAR gama/genética , Timina DNA Glicosilase/genética , Adipócitos Brancos/citologia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Masculino , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Gordura Subcutânea/citologia , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo , Suínos , Timina DNA Glicosilase/deficiência
16.
Sci Rep ; 6: 29175, 2016 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27381284

RESUMO

We investigate the relationship between two kinds of ground-state local convertibility and quantum phase transitions in XY model. The local operations and classical communications (LOCC) convertibility is examined by the majorization relations and the entanglement-assisted local operations and classical communications (ELOCC) via Rényi entropy interception. In the phase diagram of XY model, LOCC convertibility and ELOCC convertibility of ground-states are presented and compared. It is shown that different phases in the phase diagram of XY model can have different LOCC or ELOCC convertibility, which can be used to detect the quantum phase transition. This study will enlighten extensive studies of quantum phase transitions from the perspective of local convertibility, e.g., finite-temperature phase transitions and other quantum many-body models.

17.
Sci Rep ; 6: 21457, 2016 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26900016

RESUMO

Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency with two different coupling mechanisms has been numerically demonstrated. The results show that EIT based on simultaneous electric resonance and magnetic resonance has relatively larger coupling distance compared with that based on electric resonance near field coupling to magnetic resonance. The relatively large coupling distance is due to the relatively small susceptibility change. For EIT based on simultaneous electric resonance and magnetic resonance, not only incident electric field but also the incident magnetic field pays a role on the susceptibility of system. The influence of the incident magnetic field leads to relatively smaller susceptibility change compared with that based on electric resonance near field coupling to magnetic resonance.

18.
Sci Rep ; 6: 22025, 2016 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26911250

RESUMO

We investigate the steerability of two-qubit Bell-diagonal states under projective measurements by the steering party. In the simplest nontrivial scenario of two projective measurements, we solve this problem completely by virtue of the connection between the steering problem and the joint-measurement problem. A necessary and sufficient criterion is derived together with a simple geometrical interpretation. Our study shows that a Bell-diagonal state is steerable by two projective measurements iff it violates the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality, in sharp contrast with the strict hierarchy expected between steering and Bell nonlocality. We also introduce a steering measure and clarify its connections with concurrence and the volume of the steering ellipsoid. In particular, we determine the maximal concurrence and ellipsoid volume of Bell-diagonal states that are not steerable by two projective measurements. Finally, we explore the steerability of Bell-diagonal states under three projective measurements. A simple sufficient criterion is derived, which can detect the steerability of many states that are not steerable by two projective measurements. Our study offers valuable insight on steering of Bell-diagonal states as well as the connections between entanglement, steering, and Bell nonlocality.

19.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 36(4): 1552-62, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adipocyte, the main cellular component of white adipose tissue, plays a vital role in energy balance in higher eukaryotes. In recent years, adipocytes have also been identified as a major endocrine organ involved in immunological responses, vascular diseases, and appetite regulation. In farm animals, fat content and categories are closely correlated with meat quality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of endogenous single-stranded non-coding RNA molecules, participate in the regulation of adipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis through regulating the transcription or translation of target mRNAs. MiR-378 plays an important role in a number of biological processes, including cell growth, cell differentiation, tumor cell survival and angiogenesis. METHODS: In the present study, bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to identify and validate the target genes of miR-378. In vitro cell transfection, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blot analysis, Oil Red O staining, and triglyceride content measurement were conducted to analyze the effects of miR-378 on bovine preadipocyte differentiation. RESULTS: MiR-378 was induced during adipocyte differentiation. In the differentiated adipocytes overexpressing miR- 378, the volume of lipid droplets was enlarged, and the triglyceride content was increased. Moreover, the mRNA expression levels of the adipocyte differentiation marker genes, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP), were significantly elevated in the differentiated, mature adipocytes. In contrast, the mRNA expression level of preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1) was markedly reduced. E2F transcription factor 2 (E2F2) and Ras-related nuclear (RAN)-binding protein 10 (RANBP10) were the two target genes of miR-378. The mRNA expression levels of E2F2 and RANBP10 did not significantly change in bovine preadipocytes overexpressing miR-378. However, the protein expression levels of E2F2 and RANBP10 were markedly reduced. CONCLUSION: MiR-378 promoted the differentiation of bovine preadipocytes. E2F2 and RANBP10 were the two target genes of miR-378, and might involve in the effects of miR-378 on the bovine preadipocyte differentiation.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Adipogenia , Bovinos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Bovinos/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Fator de Transcrição E2F2/genética , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Camundongos
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27097489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution process, discourse and semantic meaning of schistosomiasis prevention and control, so as to provide suggestions for control work. METHODS: The official documents and mainstream media reports of schistosomiasis prevention and control were selected at different periods as discourse samples, and the deep social reasons behind the strategy change and the semantic meaning of the utterance were analyzed at different periods. RESULTS: The discourse of schistosomiasis prevention and control experienced the evolution of the political discourse, pluralistic discourse and public discourse, and the semantic connotations showed the authority conflict semantic features, and then transferred to semantic cooperation. CONCLUSION: The prevention and control of schistosomiasis have different semantic meanings at different periods, and the prevention and control work should correspond to a social practice, seek truth from facts, correctly understand the actual situation, and then establish the effective control policy.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Semântica , China , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/tendências , Humanos , Políticas , Esquistossomose/psicologia
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