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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(5): 435-440, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and safety of vacuum stretcher combined with feeding in cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination for neonates. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia, with a gestational age of >34 weeks and stable vital signs, who needed cranial MRI examination and did not need oxygen inhalation hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from September to November, 2019. The neonates were randomly divided into a vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and a conventional sedation group. Vital signs were monitored before, during, and after MRI examination. The success rate of MRI procedure was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 80 neonates were enrolled in the study, with 40 neonates in the vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and 40 in the conventional sedation group. The vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group had a significantly higher success rate of MRI procedure than the conventional sedation group (P<0.05). As for the neonates who underwent successful MRI examination, the fastest heart rate after examination in the vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group was significantly lower than that in the conventional sedation group (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences between the two groups in transcutaneous oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, and body temperature before and after MRI examination (P>0.05). No complications, such as apnea, acute allergic reactions, and malignant fever, were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Vacuum stretcher combined with feeding can improve the success rate of MRI procedure and reduce the use of sedatives, and meanwhile, it does not increase related risks.

2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 92: 224-234, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430125

RESUMO

Recently, more and more attention has been paid to the strong oxidation ability of newly prepared potassium ferrate (NAPF) in sludge reduction process, but less attention has been paid to the change of phosphorus in this process. The feasibility of phosphorus migration and transformation during excess sludge reduction pretreatment using NAPF pre-oxidation combined with anaerobic digestion was investigated. After 70 mg/g suspended solids NAPF pretreatment and 16 days anaerobic digestion, the solid-phase volatile suspended solids decreased by 44.2%, and much organic matter had been released into the liquid-phase and then degraded during digestion by indigenous microorganisms. As the sludge pre-oxidation process was performed, solid-phase organic phosphorus and chemically combined phosphorus also released into the liquid-phase as PO43-, peaking at 100 mg/L. During anaerobic digestion, the Fe3+ in the liquid-phase was gradually reduced to Fe2+, and then formed Fe2+-PO43- compound crystals and re-migrated to the solid-phase. The concentration of PO43- decreased to 17.08±1.1 mg/L in the liquid-phase after anaerobic digestion. Finally, the phosphorus in the Fe2+-PO43- compound accounts for 80% of the total phosphorus in the solid-phase. A large number of vivianite crystals in sludge were observed. Therefore, this technology not only effectively reduces sludge, but also increases the proportion of PO43- in the sludge in the form of Vivianite.

3.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 50, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the ability of amide proton transfer (APT) weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arterial spin labeling (ASL), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and the combination for differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients including nine LGGs and eighteen HGGs underwent conventional, APT, ASL and DWI MRI with a 3.0-T MR scanner. Histogram analyses was performed and quantitative parameters including mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC mean), 20th-percentile ADC (ADC 20th), mean APT (APT mean), 90th-percentile APT (APT 90th), relative mean cerebral blood flow (rCBF mean) and relative 90th-percentile CBF (rCBF 90th) were compared between HGGs and LGGs. The diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of each parameter and their combination. Correlations were analyzed among the MRI parameters and Ki-67. RESULTS: The APT values were significantly higher in the HGGs compared to the LGGs (p <  0.005), whereas ADC values were significantly lower in HGGs than LGGs (P <  0.0001). The ADC 20th and APT mean had higher discrimination abilities compared with other single parameters, with the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.877 and 0.840. Adding ADC parameter, the discrimination ability of APT and rCBF significantly improved. The ADC was negatively correlated with the APT and rCBF value, respectively, while APT value was positively correlated with rCBF value. Significant correlations between ADC values and Ki-67 were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: APT and DWI are valuable in differentiating HGGs from LGGs. The combination of APT, DWI and ASL imaging could improve the ability for discriminating HGGs from LGGs.

4.
Cancer Biomark ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: CD133 is the molecular marker of normal stem cells and progenitor cells and also confirmed as a marker for cancer stem cells in various tumors. The aim of this study is to examine the expression of CD133 and assess its clinicopathologic significance in benign and malignant breast lesions. METHODS: We analyzed the distribution of CD133 positive cells in breast usual ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and invasive breast carcinomas. We then explored the relationship between the CD133 expression and clinicopathologic features using immuno-histochemical staining. RESULTS: We found that CD133 is not expressed in the cells of normal breast tissue, but the expression rate increased with progression of lesions from usual hyperplasia, through atypical ductal hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma. The positive expression rate of CD133 in breast invasive ductal carcinoma correlated to histological grade, cancer stage, nodal status, metastasis, recurrence, event-free survival and overall survival. There was no significant correlation between CD133 expression and factors such as age, postmenopausal status, histological type, tumor size, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 expression. CONCLUSION: CD133 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of breast cancer. CD133 positive breast cancer cells are closely related to invasiveness and its expression may predict a poor prognosis.

5.
Cells ; 9(4)2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32225123

RESUMO

Galectin-1 (GAL1) is a ß-galactoside-binding protein involved in multiple aspects of tumorigenesis. However, the biological role of GAL1 in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) has not been entirely understood. Herein, we investigated the oncological effects of GAL1 expression in tumor specimens and identified related gene alterations through molecular analysis of GAL1. Clinical parameter data and tumor specimens were collected from 86 patients with pT3N0M0 UTUC who had undergone radical nephroureterectomy. We analyzed the difference in survival by using Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional regression models and in GAL1 expression by using immunohistochemical (IHC) methods. Public genomic data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and GSE32894 data sets were analyzed for comparison. Using four urothelial carcinoma (UC) cell lines (BFTC-909, T24, RT4, and J82) as in vitro models, we evaluated the functions of GAL1 in UC cell growth, invasiveness, and migration and its role in downstream signaling pathways. The study population was classified into two groups, GAL1-high (n = 35) and GAL1-low (GAL1 n = 51), according to IHC interpretation. Univariate analysis revealed that high GAL1 expression was significantly associated with poor recurrence-free survival (RFS; p = 0.028) and low cancer-specific survival (CSS; p = 0.025). Multivariate analysis revealed that GAL1-high was an independent predictive factor for RFS (hazard ratio (HR) 2.43; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-5.05, p = 0.018) and CSS (HR 4.04; 95% CI 1.25-13.03, p = 0.019). In vitro studies revealed that GAL1 knockdown significantly reduced migration and invasiveness in UTUC (BFTC-909) and bladder cancer cells (T24). GAL1 knockdown significantly reduced protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, which increased tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Through gene expression microarray analysis of GAL1 vector and GAL1-KD cells, we identified multiple significant signaling pathways including p53, Forkhead box O (FOXO), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT). We validated microarray results through immunoblotting, thus proving that downregulation of GAL1 reduced focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR expression. We concluded that GAL1 expression was highly related to oncological survival in patients with locally advanced UTUC. GAL1 promoted UC invasion and metastasis by activating the FAK/PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146837

RESUMO

A new polyketide, solieritide A (1), along with six known ones (2-7), had been isolated from the red alga Solieria sp. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by the method of X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 was a rare polyketide bearing benzopyrone ring fused with γ-butyrolactone. Compounds 2-7 were isolated from the red algae of genus Solieria for the first time. The antibacterial activities of 1-7 were also discussed.

7.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(5): 654-660, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease with an unknown etiology. CD200 is associated with many autoimmune diseases, but little is known about its role in pSS. This study aims to correlate the expression of CD200 with pSS and evaluate its significance. METHODS: Plasma CD200, CD200R, and interleukin (IL)-17 levels were measured and analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Messenger RNA levels of CD200 and CD200R in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Following pretreatment of CD200-Fc, the protein levels of IL-17A were measured in PBMCs from patients and healthy controls. RESULTS: Results showed that, compared to CD200 in healthy controls, the relative levels in PBMCs from pSS were greater than 2-fold. In addition, CD200 levels in plasma positively correlated with IL-17 levels, as well as between plasma CD200 and pSS activity indexes (including immunoglobulin G and European League Against Rheumatism SS Disease Activity Index). While CD200R levels were significantly decreased in pSS patients, no correlation could be found. Furthermore, the protein level of IL-17 decreased after pretreatment of CD200-Fc in PBMCs from pSS patients. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that the CD200/CD200R pathway is involved in pSS pathogenesis. It is hypothesized that regulation of IL-17 expression affects Th17 differentiation. This newly discovered pathway could give rise to a novel targeted therapy for pSS.

8.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 193: 105752, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic disease of the human central nervous system (CNS). However, a diagnosis of NCC may be hard to make if the specific clinical and routine neuroimaging manifestations are lacking, which hinders physicians from considering further immunodiagnostic tests. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven patients presented with fever, headache, nausea, cognitive decline, confusion, or progressive leg weakness. There were no pathogens found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); patients were clinically suspected of meningoencephalitis or cerebrovascular disease. To clearly determine the etiology, next generation sequencing (NGS) of the CSF was used to detect pathogens in these seven patients. RESULTS: Taenia solium DNA sequences were detected in the seven patients, but not in the non-template controls (NTCs) or the other patients with clinically suspected CNS infections. Based on the patients' medical data and the diagnostic criteria for NCC, seven patients were diagnosed with probable NCC. The unique reads aligning to Taenia solium ranged from 6 to 261064, with genomic coverage ranging from 0.0003% to 14.8079%. The number of unique reads and genomic coverage dropped in three of the seven patients after antiparasitic treatment, consistent with the relief of symptoms. CONCLUSION: This study showed that NGS of the CSF might be an auxiliary diagnostic method for NCC patients. Larger studies are required.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Additional simethicone (SIM) can improve adequate bowel preparation and adenoma detection rate (ADR). However, there is no consensus on the optimal dose of SIM. In this study, we compared the adequate bowel preparation rate with supplementation of split-dose 2 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) with low-dose SIM (200 mg) versus high-dose SIM (1200 mg). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial involving consecutive subjects undergoing colonoscopy. The primary outcome was adequate bowel preparation as assessed by Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) score. RESULTS: Four hundred subjects were randomly allocated to low-dose SIM or high-dose SIM group. Baseline characteristics were comparable in the two groups (P > 0.05). No significant between-group differences were observed with respect to total bubble scale (BS) (8.49 ± 1.00 vs 8.39 ± 1.10, P = 0.07), total BBPS score (8.70 ± 0.81 vs 8.29 ± 1.18, P = 0.98), ADR (33.68% vs 31.79%, P = 0.69) or withdrawal time (13 [range, 10-16] min vs 13 [10-15] min, P = 0.96). The intubation time in low-dose SIM group was significantly shorter than that in high-dose SIM group (8 (4-16) min vs 10 [6-17] min, P = 0.04). In addition, BS scores as well as diminutive ADR in right colon were superior in the low-dose SIM group (2.68 ± 0.59 vs 2.52 ± 0.73, P = 0.03 and 54.29% vs 30.30%, P = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSION: Addition of low-dose SIM to split-dose 2 L PEG was as effective as addition of high-dose SIM with respect to adequate bowel preparation, ADR and patient tolerance. However, low-dose SIM was superior with respect to intubation time, right colon BS scores, right colon diminutive ADR and cost savings.

10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(9): 973-983, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32206007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a promising therapeutic modality for esophageal achalasia worldwide. However, clinical failure and adverse events of POEM have still been concerned. AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of a novel mark-guided POEM with standard POEM. METHODS: A total of 133 patients with esophageal achalasia who underwent POEM from May 2013 to May 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Of the 133 patients, there were 64 patients in the mark-guided POEM group and 69 patients in the standard POEM group. The clinical success, procedural duration and adverse events were compared between the two groups at 3 mo, 12 mo and 24 mo postoperatively. RESULTS: Characteristic baseline was similar in the mark-guided POEM group and standard POEM group. The clinical success was comparable between the two groups, ranging from 92% to 98%, at 3 mo, 12 mo and 24 mo postoperatively (all P > 0.5). Eckart score, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire score and SF-36 score were not different between the two groups after treatment (all P > 0.05). No severe adverse events occurred in the two groups. However, mark-guided POEM required shorter procedural duration, and less use of proton pump inhibitors and lower incidence of reflux symptoms than the standard POEM (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Mark-guided POEM and standard POEM were both effective and safe for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. However, the mark-guided POEM was characterized by shorter procedural duration, less use of proton pump inhibitors and lower incidence of reflux symptoms.

11.
Future Oncol ; 16(13): 827-835, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207329

RESUMO

Aim: Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) B3GALT5-AS1 has been reported as a biomarker for cancer monitoring. This research aims to identify serum long noncoding RNA B3GALT5-AS1 as a new biomarker for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and evaluate its clinical value. Materials & methods: Serum B3GALT5-AS1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Results: The level of B3GALT5-AS1 in CRC patients was significantly lower than that of healthy patients (p < 0.0001). Further exploration validated that high serum B3GALT5-AS1 level was related to tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (p = 0.008) and histological differentiation (p = 0.027). Compared with the healthy control group, AUCROC of serum B3GALT5-AS1 in the CRC group was 0.762 with 95% CI: 0.698-0.826 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: B3GALT5-AS1 may be served as a diagnostic marker for distinguishing CRC patients from healthy people.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(6)2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192213

RESUMO

Chibby is an antagonist of ß-catenin and is considered a potential tumor suppressor protein, but the role of Chibby in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been characterized. The expression patterns of Chibby and ß-catenin in HCC specimens and paired adjacent noncancerous tissues were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The correlations between Chibby expression and clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Then the biological functions of Chibby were analyzed in vitro. The Chibby protein was significantly downexpressed in human primary HCC tissues compared to that in matched adjacent normal liver tissue and is a risk factor for HCC recurrence and shorter survival. Furthermore, we found that in HCC tissues the high expression of ß-catenin with low expression of Chibby in the nuclei was an independent predictor for disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.012) and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.005). Subsequent genetic manipulation in vitro studies revealed that Chibby knockdown induced the expression of ß-catenin and C-myc, cyclin D1 protein, which promoted cell proliferation and invasiveness. In contrast, overexpression of Chibby decreased ß-catenin expression and inhibited the cell proliferation and invasiveness. Our results suggest that low expression of Chibby was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and poor differentiation. Furthermore, the combination of Chibby and ß-catenin can predict poor prognosis in patients with HCC. Chibby inhibited HCC progression by blocking ß-catenin signaling in vitro. Chibby is a biomarker and may be a potential therapeutic target for HCC.

13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107467

RESUMO

Endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endogenous vasoactive peptide, has been found to play an important role in peripheral pain signaling. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are key sensors for extracellular protons and contribute to pain caused by tissue acidosis. It remains unclear whether an interaction exists between ET-1 and ASICs in primary sensory neurons. In this study, we reported that ET-1 enhanced the activity of ASICs in rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. In whole-cell voltage-clamp recording, ASIC currents were evoked by brief local application of pH 6.0 external solution in the presence of TRPV1 channel blocker AMG9810. Pre-application with ET-1 (1-100 nM) dose-dependently increased the proton-evoked ASIC currents with an EC50 value of 7.42 ± 0.21 nM. Pre-application with ET-1 (30 nM) shifted the concentration-response curve of proton upwards with a maximal current response increase of 61.11% ± 4.33%. We showed that ET-1 enhanced ASIC currents through endothelin-A receptor (ETAR), but not endothelin-B receptor (ETBR) in both DRG neurons and CHO cells co-expressing ASIC3 and ETAR. ET-1 enhancement was inhibited by blockade of G-protein or protein kinase C signaling. In current-clamp recording, pre-application with ET-1 (30 nM) significantly increased acid-evoked firing in rat DRG neurons. Finally, we showed that pharmacological blockade of ASICs by amiloride or APETx2 significantly alleviated ET-1-induced flinching and mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. These results suggest that ET-1 sensitizes ASICs in primary sensory neurons via ETAR and PKC signaling pathway, which may contribute to peripheral ET-1-induced nociceptive behavior in rats.

14.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore the theoretical method and clinical application of manipulation reduction for testicular torsion. METHODS: A total of 28 patients with testicular torsion were recruited from the Emergency Surgery Department of Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from July 2016 to July 2018. Among these patients, 22 patients (age: 10.80 ± 3.50 years old) were treated with manual reduction using the elastic retraction method and push-and-turn method. Observation indexes included dramatically alleviated or completely disappeared pain without general anesthesia; the spermatic cord being smooth and unknotted; the restoration of the suffered testis to normal anatomical position under ultrasonography monitoring; blood flow signals increased in the affected testis and epididymis, which was regarded as the main sign of a successful reduction. RESULTS: Among the 22 cases who received manual reduction, 19 patients were successfully treated (left side: n = 11, right side: n = 8) with a total success rate of 86.36%. The other three cases showed either incomplete (n = 2) or failed (n = 1) reposition. Among the 19 patients who were successfully treated by manual reduction, 2 of them did not undergo prophylactic orchiopexy, and no abnormalities were found during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The reduction of testicular torsion using the elastic retraction method and push-and-turn method may improve the success rate of the manual reduction of testicular torsion, especially for incomplete testicular torsion. Furthermore, manual reduction may help increase the rate of testicular salvage in a timely manner before emergency surgery. Hence, this skill should be extended to primary hospitals to reduce the possibility of testectomy caused by testicular torsion.

15.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 42(2): 206-213, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958215

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To assess the clinical performance and correlations of automated chemiluminescence assay (CIA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies in the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The study recruited 505 subjects, including 192 with APS, 193 with connective tissue diseases other than APS, and 120 healthy donors. We measured anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-ß2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2GPI) antibodies IgG, IgM, and IgA in all the samples using both CIA and ELISA. RESULTS: Total agreement between the two methods ranged from 83.50% for anti-ß2GPI IgG antibodies to 92.76% for anti-ß2GPI IgM antibodies in all the groups. Anti-ß2GPI and aCL IgG assays showed the highest Spearman's rho coefficients (anti-ß2GPI IgG = 0.742, aCL IgG = 0.715). Anti-ß2GPI IgG CIA showed the highest sensitivity for diagnosis of APS at 80.21%, which was significantly higher than the sensitivity of anti-ß2GPI IgG ELISA (52.08%). For diagnosis of APS, anti-ß2GPI IgG CIA had the best discrimination power with the area under the curves (AUC) of 0.922, followed by aCL IgG CIA (AUC of 0.905). While the CIA AUC was slightly higher in all cases, the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: CIA measurements had a good agreement and correlation with comparative ELISA assays. The CIA anti-ß2GPI IgG however was significantly more sensitive for APS diagnosis. The two assay methodologies showed comparable predictive powers and support the value of the CIA method for improved diagnosis and management of patients with APS.

16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 228: 117786, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740123

RESUMO

A dual-function probe NAHH based on naphthalene was synthesized and characterized. Based on the combination effects derived from the inhabitation of photo-induced electron transfer (PET) and CN isomerization, probe NAHH achieved in the recognition of Zn2+ and Al3+ both through obvious fluorescence enhancement and color changes detected by naked eye, respectively. Probe NAHH showed high sensitivity with the limit of detection as low as 3.02 × 10-7 M for Zn2+ and 7.55 × 10-8 M for Al3+, indicated the capability of probe NAHH in trace detection for Zn2+ and Al3+. The binding ratio of NAHH with Zn2+ and Al3+ were all 1:1 determined by Job plot, and the corresponding association constant was calculated as 8.48 × 104 M-1 and 4.45 × 105 M-1, respectively. The mechanism was further confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR titration and ESI-MS analysis. Furthermore, probe NAHH was successfully applied in logic gate construction and the detection of Zn2+ and Al3+ in Songhua River and test stripe. Fluorescence imaging experiments confirmed that NAHH could be used to monitor Zn2+ in plant root.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795136

RESUMO

An easily prepared benzothiazole-based probe (BHM) was prepared and characterized by general spectra, including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HRMS, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Based on the synergistic mechanism of the inhabitation of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), the BHM displayed high selectivity and sensitivity for Al3+ in DMF/H2O (v/v, 1/1) through an obvious blue-shift in the fluorescent spectrum and significant color change detected by the naked eye, respectively. The binding ratio of BHM with Al3+ was 1:1, as determined by the Job plot, and the binding details were investigated using FT-IR, 1H NMR titration, and ESI-MS analysis. Furthermore, the BHM was successfully applied in the detection of Al3+ in the Songhua River and on a test stripe. Fluorescence imaging experiments confirmed that the BHM could be used to monitor Al3+ in human stromal cells (HSC).

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(6): 2827-2839, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854677

RESUMO

Rivers play an important role in greenhouse gas emissions. Over the past decade, because of global urbanization trends, rapid land use changes have led to changes in river ecosystems that have had a stimulating effect on the greenhouse gas production and emissions. Presently, there is an urgent need for assessments of the greenhouse gas concentrations and emissions in watersheds. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate river-based greenhouse gas emissions and their spatial-temporal features as well as possible impact factors in a rapidly urbanizing area. The specific objectives were to investigate how river greenhouse gas concentrations and emission fluxes are responding to urbanization in the Liangtan River, which is not only the largest sub-basin but also the most polluted one in Chongqing City. The thin layer diffusion model method was used to monitor year-round concentrations of pCO2, CH4, and N2O in September and December 2014, and March and June 2015. The pCO2 range was (23.38±34.89)-(1395.33±55.45) Pa, and the concentration ranges of CH4 and N2O were (65.09±28.09)-(6021.36±94.36) nmol·L-1 and (29.47±5.16)-(510.28±18.34) nmol·L-1, respectively. The emission fluxes of CO2, CH4, and N2O, which were calculated based on the method of wind speed model estimations, were -6.1-786.9, 0.31-27.62, and 0.06-1.08 mmol·(m2·d)-1, respectively. Moreover, the CO2 and CH4 emissions displayed significant spatial differences, and these were roughly consistent with the pollution load gradient. The greenhouse gas concentrations and fluxes of trunk streams increased and then decreased from upstream to downstream, and the highest value was detected at the middle reaches where the urbanization rate is higher than in other areas and the river is seriously polluted. As for branches, the greenhouse gas concentrations and fluxes increased significantly from the upstream agricultural areas to the downstream urban areas. The CO2 fluxes followed a seasonal pattern, with the highest CO2 emission values observed in autumn, then successively winter, summer, and spring. The CH4 fluxes were the highest in spring and the lowest in summer, while N2O flux seasonal patterns were not significant. Because of the high carbon and nitrogen loads in the basin, the CO2 products and emissions were not restricted by biogenic elements, but levels were found to be related to important biological metabolic factors such as the water temperature, pH, DO, and chlorophyll a. The carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus content of the water combined with sewage input influenced the CH4 products and emissions. Meanwhile, N2O production and emissions were mainly found to be driven by urban sewage discharge with high N2O concentrations. Rapid urbanization accelerated greenhouse gas emissions from the urban rivers, so that in the urban reaches, CO2/CH4 fluxes were twice those of the non-urban reaches, and all over the basin N2O fluxes were at a high level. These findings illustrate how river basin urbanization can change aquatic environments and aggravate allochthonous pollution inputs such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, which in turn can dramatically stimulate river-based greenhouse gas production and emissions; meanwhile, spatial and temporal differences in greenhouse gas emissions in rivers can lead to the formation of emission hotspots.

19.
Exp Eye Res ; 188: 107812, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550445

RESUMO

In this work, we investigated changes in the morphology of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), M1 subtype, and pupillary light reflex following local and selective ablation of photoreceptors in mice. Laser photocoagulation was used to selectively destroy four patches of photoreceptors per eye at around 4 papillary diameters from the optic disc and at the 3, 6, 9, and 12 o'clock positions between the retinal vessels in the adult mouse retina, leaving cells in the inner retina intact. Morphological parameters of individual M1 cells specifically labeled by the antibody against melanopsin (PA1-780), including dendritic field size, total dendritic length, and dendritic branch number, were examined 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after photocoagulation with Neurolucida software. A considerable reduction in these parameters in M1 cells in the "lesioned areas" was found at all the four time points after photocoagulation, as compared with those in the "unlesioned areas". Although M1 cells in the lesioned areas showed significant changes as early as 1 week after laser treatment and the changes gradually increased, reaching a peak value at 2 weeks, morphological restoration was clearly seen in these cells over time. However, no difference in the morphological parameters of M1 cells was observed between the unlesioned areas of laser-treated mice and the corresponding areas of age-matched normal mice without laser lesions. Fluorescence intensity of the somata of melanopsin-positive M1 cells located inside the lesioned areas was significantly decreased at all the four time points after photocoagulation, whereas no changes in pupillary light reflex were detected at different light irradiations, indicating that photocoagulation-induced local photoreceptor loss and alterations of ipRGCs may be insufficient to cause abnormalities in non-image-forming (NIF) visual functions. The results suggest that intact photoreceptors could be crucial for maintaining the expression levels of melanopsin and normal morphology of M1 cells.


Assuntos
Fotocoagulação a Laser , Reflexo Pupilar/fisiologia , Retina/cirurgia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Animais , Luz , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Fotorreceptoras de Vertebrados/metabolismo , Células Ganglionares da Retina/metabolismo , Células Ganglionares da Retina/efeitos da radiação , Opsinas de Bastonetes/metabolismo
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(48): 17220-17225, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559680

RESUMO

Pure organic materials with intrinsic room-temperature phosphorescence typically rely on heavy atoms or heteroatoms. Two different strategies towards constructing organic room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) species based upon the through-space charge transfer (TSCT) unit of [2.2]paracyclophane (PCP) were demonstrated. Materials with bromine atoms, PCP-BrCz and PPCP-BrCz, exhibit RTP lifetime of around 100 ms. Modulating the PCP core with non-halogen-containing electron-withdrawing units, PCP-TNTCz and PCP-PyCNCz, successfully elongate the RTP lifetime to 313.59 and 528.00 ms, respectively, the afterglow of which is visible for several seconds under ambient conditions. The PCP-TNTCz and PCP-PyCNCz enantiomers display excellent circular polarized luminescence with dissymmetry factors as high as -1.2×10-2 in toluene solutions, and decent RTP lifetime of around 300 ms for PCP-TNTCz enantiomers in crystalline state.

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