Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.193
Filtrar
1.
Oncol Lett ; 23(2): 55, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992687

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains the most frequent malignancy worldwide, and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) represent two major subtypes. LINC00628 has been demonstrated to promote LUAD progression; however, its clinical role in NSCLC remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 628 (LINC00628) in NSCLC, including in the LUAD and LUSC subtypes. In addition, its roles in NSCLC development and prognosis were also examined. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were first used to assess the expression and prognostic potential in both LUAD and LUSC, then LINC00628 expression in 128 NSCLC tissues was measured using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to assess the ability of LINC00628 to discriminate between patients with LUAD and LUSC. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to analyze the relationship between LINC00628 expression and the overall survival of patients. Cox regression analysis was used to explore the potential prognostic factors that might be independently associated with NSCLC overall survival. Both in silico and tissue analysis data indicated that the expression of LINC00628 was significantly upregulated in NSCLC tissue compared with matched normal controls (P<0.001). LINC00628 expression levels were also significantly higher in LUAD cases than in patients with LUSC (P<0.001). In addition, LINC00628 could discriminate LUAD from LUSC cases. The expression of LINC00628 was significantly associated with tumor size (P=0.013), histological type (P=0.009), lymph node metastasis (P=0.021) and TNM stage (P=0.008). Survival analysis based on data from both TCGA and patients included in the present study identified an association between LINC00628 and overall survival in LUAD, but this relationship was not observed in LUSC for TCGA data. Cox regression analysis demonstrated that high LINC00628 expression was associated with poor overall survival in patients with LUAD (P=0.001), but not in patients with LUSC (P=0.088). In conclusion, LINC00628 expression was upregulated in NSCLC and associated with patient prognosis. Patients with LUAD had higher LINC00628 expression levels than those with LUSC, and increased LINC00628 served as an independent prognostic factor in LUAD, but not LUSC.

3.
Pharmacol Res ; : 106046, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007708

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, thereby highlighting the urgent necessary to identify new therapeutic targets. Deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (DOHH) is a fundamental enzyme catalyzing a unique posttranslational hypusination modification of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) and is highly involved in the progression of several human diseases, including HIV-1 infection, cancer, malaria, and diabetes. However, the potential therapeutic role of pharmacological regulation of DOHH in ischemic stroke is still poorly understood. Our study first discovered a natural small-molecule brazilin (BZ) with an obvious neuroprotective effect against oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion insult. Then, DOHH was identified as a crucial cellular target of BZ using HuProt™ human proteome microarray. By selectively binding to the Cys232 residue, BZ induced a previously undisclosed allosteric effect to significantly increase DOHH catalytic activity. Furthermore, BZ-mediated DOHH activation amplified mitophagy for mitochondrial function and morphology maintenance via DOHH/eIF5A hypusination signaling pathway, thereby protecting against ischemic neuronal injury in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our study first identified DOHH as a previously unreported therapeutic target for ischemic stroke, and provided a future drug design direction for DOHH allosteric activators using BZ as a novel molecular template.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012309

RESUMO

Potassium ion hybrid capacitors (KICs) have drawn tremendous attention for large-scale energy storage applications because of their high energy and power densities and the abundance of potassium sources. However, achieving KICs with high capacity and long lifespan remains challenging because the large size of potassium ions causes sluggish kinetics and fast structural pulverization of electrodes. Here, we report a composite anode of VO2-V2O5 nanoheterostructures captured by a 3D N-doped carbon network (VO2-V2O5/NC) that exhibits a reversible capacity of 252 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 over 1600 cycles and a rate performance with 108 mAh g-1 at 10 A g-1. Quantitative kinetics analyses demonstrate that such great rate capability and cyclability are enabled by the capacitive-dominated potassium storage mechanism in the interfacial engineered VO2-V2O5 nanoheterostructures. The further fabricated full KIC cell consisting of a VO2-V2O5/NC anode and an active carbon cathode delivers a high operating voltage window of 4.0 V and energy and power densities up to 154 Wh kg-1 and 10 000 W kg-1, respectively, surpassing most state-of-the-art KICs.

5.
Cell Discov ; 8(1): 2, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013182

RESUMO

Lepromatous leprosy (L-LEP), caused by the massive proliferation of Mycobacterium leprae primarily in macrophages, is an ideal disease model for investigating the molecular mechanism of intracellular bacteria evading or modulating host immune response. Here, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing of both skin biopsies and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of L-LEP patients and healthy controls. In L-LEP lesions, we revealed remarkable upregulation of APOE expression that showed a negative correlation with the major histocompatibility complex II gene HLA-DQB2 and MIF, which encodes a pro-inflammatory and anti-microbial cytokine, in the subset of macrophages exhibiting a high expression level of LIPA. The exhaustion of CD8+ T cells featured by the high expression of TIGIT and LAG3 in L-LEP lesions was demonstrated. Moreover, remarkable enhancement of inhibitory immune receptors mediated crosstalk between skin immune cells was observed in L-LEP lesions. For PBMCs, a high expression level of APOE in the HLA-DRhighFBP1high monocyte subset and the expansion of regulatory T cells were found to be associated with L-LEP. These findings revealed the primary suppressive landscape in the L-LEP patients, providing potential targets for the intervention of intracellular bacteria caused persistent infections.

7.
Biol Res Nurs ; : 10998004211065151, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974714

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aging is associated with subtle cognitive decline in attention, memory, executive function, processing speed, and reasoning. Although lower brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been linked to cognitive decline among older adults, it is not known if the association differs among individuals with various BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) genotypes. In addition, it is not clear whether these associations vary by hand grip strength or physical activity (PA). METHODS: A total of 2904 older adults were included in this study using data from the Health and Retirement Study. Associations between serum BDNF and measures of cognitive function were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models stratified by Met allele status. PA and hand grip strength were added to the model to evaluate whether including these variables altered associations between serum BDNF and cognition. RESULTS: Mean age was 71.4 years old, and mean body mass index was 28.3 kg/m2. Serum BDNF levels were positively associated with higher total cognitive score (beta = 0.34, p = .07), mental status (beta = 0.16, p = .07), and word recall (beta = 0.22, p =.04) among Met carriers, while serum BDNF levels were negatively associated with mental status (beta = -0.09, p = .07) among non-Met carriers. Furthermore, associations changed when hand grip strength was added to the model but not when PA was added to the model. CONCLUSIONS: The BDNF Val66Met variant may moderate the association between serum BDNF levels and cognitive function in older adults. Furthermore, such associations differ according to hand grip strength but not PA.

8.
FASEB J ; 36(1): e22087, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34888944

RESUMO

Proper dendritic morphology is fundamental to nerve signal transmission; thus, revealing the mechanism by which dendrite arborization is regulated is of great significance. Our previous studies have found that the epigenetic molecule chromodomain Y-like (CDYL) negatively regulates dendritic branching. Current research mostly focuses on the processes downstream of CDYL, whereas the upstream regulatory process has not been investigated to date. In this study, we identified an upstream regulator of CDYL, the E3 ubiquitin ligase tripartite motif-containing protein 32 (TRIM32), which promotes dendrite arborization by mediating the ubiquitylation and degradation of CDYL. By using mass spectrometry and biochemistry strategies, we proved that TRIM32 interacted with CDYL and mediated CDYL ubiquitylation modification in vivo and in vitro. Overexpressing TRIM32 decreased the protein level of CDYL, leading to an increase in the dendritic complexity of primary cultured rat neurons. In contrast, knocking down TRIM32 increased the protein level of CDYL and decreased the dendritic complexity. The truncated form of TRIM32 without E3 ligase activity (ΔRING) lost its ability to regulate dendritic complexity. Most importantly, knockdown of CDYL abolished the reduced complexity of dendrites caused by TRIM32 knockdown, indicating that the TRIM32-mediated regulation of dendritic development depends on its regulation of downstream CDYL. Hence, our findings reveal that TRIM32 could promote dendrite arborization by mediating CDYL degradation. This work initially defines a novel biological role of TRIM32 in regulating mechanisms upstream of CDYL and further presents a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of CDYL-related neurodevelopmental disorders.


Assuntos
Proteínas Correpressoras/metabolismo , Dendritos/metabolismo , Proteólise , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Animais , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Dendritos/genética , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
9.
Food Chem ; 371: 131385, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808778

RESUMO

The combination of multiple dietary polyphenols may have synergistic beneficial effects. And the beneficial effects can be further improved by the encapsulation of proteins. The interactions of procyanidin B2 (PB2) and/or dihydromyricetin (DMY) with ß-lactoglobulin (ß-LG) were investigated using multi-spectroscopic techniques and molecular docking. The structural change of ß-LG in the presence of PB2 and/or DMY was demonstrated by dynamic light scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Response surface analysis was used to optimize the synergistic antioxidant activity between PB2 and DMY. Besides, the antioxidant activity, stability, in vitro digestion and cytotoxicity of PB2 and DMY in the binary and ternary systems were investigated. These studies will elucidate the interaction mechanism of PB2 and/or DMY with ß-LG. The research results can provide theoretical support for the development of functional foods and beverages with synergistic activity, improved stability and bioaccessibility, thereby promoting human health and preventing diseases.


Assuntos
Lactoglobulinas , Polifenóis , Antioxidantes , Digestão , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
10.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt A): 114054, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872182

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitting from solid building materials can cause adverse human health and environmental climate effects. It's more cost effective and powerful for mass-transfer emission models to describe the emission characteristic of VOCs than emission chamber studies. In this review, the existing main physical mechanism-based models for predicting VOCs emissions from dry solid building materials have been discussed, as well as their differences and similarities. Ignoring internal diffusion and porosity of solid materials, single-phase model is generally quite safe for use in actual condition. Conversely, porous media model is good for understanding VOC-transfer principles in porous materials. Additionally, the porous media model and the single-phase model can be transformed mutually because their model parameters are correlative. The availability of emission models is largely determined by the reliable and useful model parameters. Therefore, substantial technologies and novel methods have been developed for parameter estimation, which have also been reviewed in this paper. How to readily and rapidly obtain model parameters is a future development direction. In addition, applying emission models to predict and control VOCs emission from other solid waste materials is another future research prospect.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Materiais de Construção , Difusão , Humanos , Porosidade , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
11.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131758, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399255

RESUMO

Wasted polyethylene (PE) products caused pollution has become a global issue. Researchers have identified PE-degrading bacteria which have been considered as a sustainable alleviation to this crisis. However, the degradation mechanism employed by currently isolated bacteria is unclear and their degradation efficiencies are insufficient. More importantly, there is little research into bacteria capable of degrading PE mulching film to solve "white" pollution in agriculture. We determined the PE degradation efficiency of two Pseudomonas, identified by 16S rDNA analysis, and elucidated their potential mechanisms through whole genome sequencing. During an 8-week period, PE mulch lost 5.95 ± 0.03% and 3.62 ± 0.32% of its mass after incubated with P. knackmussii N1-2 and P. aeruginosa RD1-3 strains, respectively. Moreover, considerable pits and wrinkles were observed on PE.The hydrophobicity of PE films also decreased, and new oxygenic functional groups were detected on PE mulch by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). Complete genome sequencing analysis indicated that two Pseudomonas strains encode genes for enzymes and metabolism pathways involved in PE degradation. The results provide a theoretical basis for further research that investigates the mechanism driving the degradation and metabolism of discarded PE in the environment.


Assuntos
Polietileno , Pseudomonas , Agricultura , Bactérias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Pseudomonas/genética
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114582, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492322

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Due to the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the influence of traditional medication habits (TCM has no toxicity or side effects), arsenic poisoning incidents caused by the abuse of realgar and realgar-containing Chinese patent medicines have occurred occasionally. However, the potential mechanism of central nervous system toxicity of realgar remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to clarify the specific mechanism of realgar-induced neurotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the roles of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in realgar-induced neuronal autophagy and overactivation of the nuclear factor erythroid-derived factor 2-related factor (Nrf2) signalling pathways was investigated in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: The arsenic in realgar passed through the blood-brain barrier and accumulated in the brain, resulting in damage to neurons, synapses and myelin sheaths in the cerebral cortex and a decrease in the total antioxidant capacity. The specific mechanism is that the excessive activation of Nrf2 is regulated by the upstream signalling molecules ERK1/2 and p38MAPK. At the same time, p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 interfere with autophagy, thereby promoting autophagy initiation but causing subsequent dysfunctional autophagic degradation and inducing the p62-Keap1-Nrf2 feedback loop to promote Nrf2 signalling pathway activation and nerve cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the role of the signalling molecules p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 in perturbing autophagy and inducing the p62-Keap1-Nrf2 feedback loop to activate the Nrf2 signalling pathway in realgar-induced neurotoxicity.

13.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 110(1): 220-228, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231969

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) are nanomaterials with excellent photoluminescence property, usually used in the field of bioimaging tumor cells. However, its practical applicability in cancer therapeutics is limited by CDs' insensitive surface properties to complicated tumor microenvironment in vivo. Herein, a new type of innovative biomimetic nanoparticles has been formed with HeLa cell membranes (CM) and multifunctional CDs containing antitumor and bioimaging activities. The CDs are prepared by a facile one-step microwave-assisted procedure. Gallic acid is used as carbon resource and antitumor active molecule. Gelatin is treated as the nitrogen resource. Citric acid monohydrate is used as the auxiliary carbon source and the Hela CM is used for tumor targeting. A series of fluorescence analyses has proved its homotypic targeting and ability of diagnosis. Besides, in vitro and in vivo antitumor experiments further indicate their better antitumor efficiency. The findings show the totally new nanoparticles' feasibilities of dealing with the clinical therapy problems as well as applying for the integration of diagnosis and targeting therapy.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 426: 128073, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922132

RESUMO

Recycling precious metals from electronic waste not only benefits environmental protection, but is also favorable for alleviating resource shortages. Ionic porous organic polymers, as one type of burgeoning material, are regarded as excellent adsorbents due to their high ion density, but their application in precious metal recovery is still very limited. Here, V-PPOP-Br, a highly stable and easy-to-build cationic porous organic polymer, was successfully prepared for the first time. By linking porphyrins with viologens, V-PPOP-Br obtained the characteristics of a hierarchical porous structure, a high ion density skeleton, and a rich nitrogen content, which gave it an ultrahigh adsorption capacity (Qmax = 792.22 mg g-1) and rapid adsorption rate for Au(III). V-PPOP-Br also had an effective Au(III) recovery capability from SIM cards. Mechanism investigation confirmed that this remarkable adsorption performance was attributed to the interplay of ion exchange, redox reactions and coordination. Moreover, V-PPOP-Br had excellent recyclability and could maintain an ultrahigh adsorption efficiency of 81% after eight consecutive adsorption-desorption experiments. These excellent performances as well as the roughly calculated gold recycling economics ($37.37/g V-PPOP-Br) confirmed that it possesses promising potential as an ionic porous material for gold recovery.

15.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial infection is one of the most frequent complications in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), which leads to high mortality. However, a specific prognostic model for ACLF patients with bacterial infection has not been well established. AIM: To establish and validate a nomogram for predicting 30-day mortality of hepatitis B virus-related ACLF (HBV-ACLF) patients with bacterial infection. METHODS: A total of 513 ACLF patients for HBV reactivation were enrolled in the prospective cohort, and 224 patients with bacterial infection were for derivation. Independent predictors were identified using multivariate logistic model and then assembled into a nomogram to predict 30-day mortality. The performance of the nomogram was assessed based on its calibration, discrimination and clinical utility in a retrospective cohort of 192 HBV-ACLF patients with bacterial infection. RESULTS: Age, total bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, international normalized ratio and soluble interleukin-2 receptor were shown to be independent risk factors for 30-day mortality of HBV-ACLF patients with bacterial infection and the nomogram was constructed. The nomogram showed a good calibration and discrimination in the derivation cohort, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.883. Application of the nomogram in the validation cohort also showed a good calibration and discrimination, with the AUC of 0.852. Decision curve analysis confirmed the clinical utility of the nomogram. CONCLUSION: The nomogram was established and validated for predicting 30-day mortality of HBV-ACLF patients with bacterial infection, which may facilitate optimal therapeutic strategies to improve the prognosis of these patients.

16.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112935, 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875218

RESUMO

Resistance to platinum and PARP inhibitors represents a major barrier to the long-term survival of ovarian cancer patients. We aim to explore the potential role of chronic stress in drug resistance in ovarian cancer. Leveraging four ovarian cancer with chronic stress (OCCS) mouse models, we explore the therapeutic efficacy of platinum, Niraparib, and Docetaxel treatment in vivo, and compare the efficacy of these anti-tumor drugs in vitro using cell viability assays. Comparing the transcriptional characteristics in RNA-Seq of OCCS mice with public databases, we analyze the molecular mechanism of chronic stress promoting drug resistance in ovarian cancer. We find that chronic stress is positively correlated with platinum-resistant recurrence in ovarian cancer patients. Chronic stress can induce platinum and Niraparib resistance of ovarian cancer, but it does not affect the therapeutic efficacy of Docetaxel treatment in vivo. And the platinum-resistant cell lines are not sensitive to these anti-tumor drugs, which is different from the result in vivo. Then, we identify several gene networks and their constituent genes that are most significantly associated with chronic stress and drug resistance in ovarian cancer, including the glycolysis pathway and DNA damage. This study develops Niraparib and platinum-resistant in vivo models, reflecting the ability of OCCS mice to reproduce different aspects of human ovarian cancer molecular mechanism, and provides a new theoretical basis for overcoming the double drug resistance of ovarian cancer.

17.
EMBO Rep ; : e53499, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882936

RESUMO

The activation of the nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family, pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is related to the pathogenesis of a wide range of inflammatory diseases, but drugs targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome are still scarce. In the present study, we demonstrated that Licochalcone B (LicoB), a main component of the traditional medicinal herb licorice, is a specific inhibitor of the NLRP3 inflammasome. LicoB inhibits the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages but has no effect on the activation of AIM2 or NLRC4 inflammasome. Mechanistically, LicoB directly binds to NEK7 and inhibits the interaction between NLRP3 and NEK7, thus suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, LicoB exhibits protective effects in mouse models of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated diseases, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic shock, MSU-induced peritonitis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Our findings indicate that LicoB is a specific NLRP3 inhibitor and a promising candidate for treating NLRP3 inflammasome-related diseases.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 425: 127974, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883378

RESUMO

The present electrochemical stripping analysis (ESA) for multiple heavy metal ions (HMI) generally requires an electrodeposition process at a very low potential below -1.0 V, which inevitably makes the sensing procedures more complex, inefficient and power-wasting. Meanwhile, the emerging MXenes rising-star materials have been studied in various fields recently. While there are only few reports focusing on the heteroatom doping of MXenes, especially no doping-MXenes for electroanalysis. Based on these issues, a novel multifunctional heteroatoms-doped MXenes nanomaterial, N and P co-doped Ti3C2Tx MXenes nanoribbons (N,P-Ti3C2TxR), was prepared herein for the first time, and then N,P-Ti3C2TxR was used as electrode material to propose an electrodeposition-free ESA strategy for multiple HMI (Cu2+, Hg2+). Owing to the unique spontaneous adsorption and reducing capacities of N,P-Ti3C2TxR towards Cu2+ and Hg2+ coupled with the excellent sensing performances, Cu2+ and Hg2+ can undergo self-reduction to be preconcentrated on N,P-Ti3C2TxR surface with the form of Cu0 and Hg0, thus a simple and ultrasensitive electrodeposition-free ESA platform was developed successfully for the simultaneous detection of Cu2+and Hg2+. This work opened a new pathway for the detection for multiple HMI and the preparation/application of heteroatoms doping MXenes.

19.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 763864, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858986

RESUMO

Hepatic fibrosis is the final pathway of several chronic liver diseases, which is characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix due to chronic hepatocyte damage. Activation of hepatic stellate cells and oxidative stress (OS) play an important role in mediating liver damage and initiating hepatic fibrosis. Hence, hepatic fibrosis can be reversed by inhibiting multiple channels such as oxidative stress, liver cell damage, or activation of hepatic stellate cells. Liuwei Wuling Tablets is a traditional Chinese medicine formula with the effect of anti- hepatic fibrosis, but the composition and mechanism of reversing hepatic fibrosis are still unclear. Our study demonstrated that one of the main active components of the Chinese medicine Schisandra chinensis, schisandrin C (Sin C), significantly inhibited oxidative stress and prevented hepatocyte injury. Meanwhile one of the main active components of the Chinese medicine Curdione inhibited hepatic stellate cell activation by targeting the TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway. The further in vivo experiments showed that Sin C, Curdione and the combination of both have the effect of reversing liver fibrosis in mice, and the combined effect of inhibiting hepatic fibrosis is superior to treatment with Sin C or Curdione alone. Our study provides a potential candidate for multi-molecular or multi-pathway combination therapies for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis and demonstrates that combined pharmacotherapy holds great promise in the prevention and treatment of hepatic fibrosis.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 113034, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalization has been linked with ambient air pollution. However, the evidence on respiratory health benefits from air pollution control policy in China is limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate benefits from the Three-Year Action Plan to Win the Battle for a Blue Sky (TYAP) for tackling COPD hospitalization due to ambient air pollution. METHODS: We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover study of 138,015 COPD hospitalizations aged ≥ 60 years in Guangdong province, China during 2016-2019 to investigate respiratory health benefits from TYAP. Inverse distance weighting method was used to assess daily individual-level exposures to ambient air pollutants including particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm (PM2.5), particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 µm (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and ozone (O3). Conditional logistic regression model was applied to analyze the associations between ambient air pollutants and COPD hospitalization. RESULTS: TYAP can modify the associations. Each 10 µg/m3 increase of exposure to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 and 1 mg/m3 increase of exposure to CO were significantly associated with 2.5%, 2.0%, 3.0%, and 14.4% increase in odds of COPD hospitalization before TYAP, respectively; while 1.0%, 0.9%, 1.5%, and 5.8% increase in odds during TYAP. We found prominent declines in health burden of COPD hospitalizations due to air pollution among the elderly after TYAP implication when compared with that before TYAP. CONCLUSION: Reduced levels of ambient air pollutants by TYAP can effectively lower the risk for COPD hospitalization among the elderly, which provides evidence on the respiratory health benefits from consistent and effective air pollution control policy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...