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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130045, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162306

RESUMO

As an ecological niche close to the polymer, microorganisms in the plastisphere possess the advantage of degrading plastics. This study aims to investigate the bacterial community succession and obtain degrading bacteria in the plastisphere, as well as identify the most efficient degradation combination by co-culture of multiple strains. The findings demonstrate the alpha-diversity indices of the plastisphere bacterial community are significantly lower, and the community structure is regularly and significantly altered. With the time of culture, the plastisphere community composition alters regularly, and the hydrocarbon-degrading genera become the core members. Functional prediction of community reveals the potential for Xenobiotics Biodegradation and Metabolism of plastisphere, and the apparent variations detections of polyethylene mulching film (PMF) indicating the PMF degrading ability of plastisphere. Besides, three PMF-degrading bacterial strains, Rhodopseudomonas sp. P1 (P), Rhodanobacter sp. Rs (R) and Microbacterium sp. M1 (M), are screened for co-culture with PMF degrading strain Bacillus aryabhattai 5-3 (B). By considering bacterial growth, biofilm adhesion, and apparent degradation of different samples, RB (R. sp. Rs + B. aryabhattai 5-3) is ultimately selected as the best PMF degradation combination. This study provides a new possibility for plastisphere-related research from the perspective of mitigating plastic pollution on agricultural land.


Assuntos
Plásticos , Polietileno , Polietileno/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Xenobióticos , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental
2.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116497, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270129

RESUMO

Investigating the release of organic pollutants from bricks made from solid waste is essential. Based on Fick's laws of diffusion, the diffusion model and diffusion-degradation model of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission from the bricks were deduced. The degradation and 64-day emission of PAHs in solid bricks made of oil-based drill cuttings were observed experimentally. The emission and degradation characteristics of 14 PAHs were obtained and fitted with the diffusion and diffusion-degradation models. The emission of most of the PAHs from the bricks at the beginning was in good agreement with the diffusion model, except for benzo[a]anthracene, pyrene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene. However, the emission of PAHs after some time was significantly lower than the theoretical value of the diffusion model. Moreover, fitting with the diffusion-degradation model gave better results, indicating that a joint diffusion-degradation mechanism controlled the emission of PAHs. Therefore, the diffusion-degradation model can better predict the long-term emission of PAHs in bricks made of oil-based drill cuttings.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Fluorenos , Benzo(a)pireno/análise
3.
Life Sci Alliance ; 6(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265895

RESUMO

RPE65 retinol isomerase is an indispensable player in the visual cycle between the vertebrate retina and RPE. Although membrane association is critical for RPE65 function, its mechanism is not clear. Residues 107-125 are believed to interact with membranes but are unresolved in all RPE65 crystal structures, whereas palmitoylation at C112 also plays a role. We report the mechanism of membrane recognition and binding by RPE65. Binding of aa107-125 synthetic peptide with membrane-mimicking micellar surfaces induces transition from unstructured loop to amphipathic α-helical (AH) structure but this transition is automatic in the C112-palmitoylated peptide. We demonstrate that the AH significantly affects palmitoylation level, membrane association, and isomerization activity of RPE65. Furthermore, aa107-125 functions as a membrane sensor and the AH as a membrane-targeting motif. Molecular dynamic simulations clearly show AH-membrane insertion, supporting our experimental findings. Collectively, these studies allow us to propose a working model for RPE65-membrane binding, and to provide a novel role for cysteine palmitoylation.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Proteínas do Olho , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Cisteína/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/química , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Lipoilação , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , cis-trans-Isomerases
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD177, an indicator of prognosis in diverse cancers, is involved in the physiological processes of various tumor cells, and acts as an immune molecule with novel functions in cancer pathogenesis. However, the diagnostic, prognostic, and immunological role of CD177 in cervical cancer remains unclear. METHODS: Utilizing publicly available databases and integrating several bioinformatics analysis methods, we evaluated the expression level of CD177 in cervical cancer by GENT2, HPA, and GEO databases. And the experiments of western blot and immunohistochemical staining were used to test the hypothesis. The Kaplan-Meier Plotter database, Xena Shiny, and the constructed nomogram were clearly demonstrated its prognostic value for patients. Gene set enrichment analysis explored the relationship between CD177 and cervical cancer immune responses and immune cells infiltration level. In addition, we investigated the association between CD177 expression and stromal score, immune score, immune checkpoint, and drug sensitivity by TCGA RNA-seq data. RESULTS: CD177 was apparently expressed at low levels in cervical cancer and predicted a poor survival rate for patients. CD177 significantly activated immune-related signaling pathways and had a positive relationship with immune cell infiltration level. The high CD177 expression group possessed the high stromal score and immune score. CD177 had potential interactions with CTLA4, CD27, BLTA, CD200R1, CD80, NRP1, TNFRSF25, TIGIT, ICOS, and TNFSF9 checkpoint markers. And CD177 expression was positively relevant with drug sensitivity for Lapatinib, Belinostat, ATRA, Gefitinib, Navitoclax, and Tamoxifen. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings may shed light on the vital role of CD177 in cervical cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and immunological functions, and it may be a promising predictor and potential factor for cervical cancer patients.

5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6804, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357401

RESUMO

Hyperferritinemic syndrome, an overwhelming inflammatory condition, is characterized by high ferritin levels, systemic inflammation and multi-organ dysfunction, but the pathogenic role of ferritin remains largely unknown. Here we show in an animal model that ferritin administration leads to systemic and hepatic inflammation characterized by excessive neutrophil leukocyte infiltration and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation in the liver tissue. Ferritin-induced NET formation depends on the expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 and neutrophil elastase and on reactive oxygen species production. Mechanistically, ferritin exposure increases both overall and cell surface expression of Msr1 on neutrophil leukocytes, and also acts as ligand to Msr1 to trigger the NET formation pathway. Depletion of neutrophil leukocytes or ablation of Msr1 protect mice from tissue damage and the hyperinflammatory response, which further confirms the role of Msr1 as ferritin receptor. The relevance of the animal model is underscored by the observation that enhanced NET formation, increased Msr1 expression and signalling on neutrophil leukocytes are also characteristic to adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), a typical hyperferritinemic syndrome. Collectively, our findings demonstrate an essential role of ferritin in NET-mediated cytokine storm, and suggest that targeting NETs or Msr1 may benefit AOSD patients.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Camundongos , Animais , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/metabolismo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360877

RESUMO

Different land use practices may improve soil quality or lead to soil deterioration. Recently, environmental problems, such as heavy pollution and soil erosion, have led to serious land degradation in the Taojia River basin. In this study, we explored the soil fertility characteristics (mechanical composition; pH; soil organic matter (SOM); soil total nitrogen (TN); and the activity of four enzymes, i.e., urease, hydrogen peroxide, alkaline phosphatase, and sucrose enzymes) under different types of land use in the Taojia River basin. Soil samples were taken from 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, and 20-40 cm depths from four different land use types that were widely used in the Taojia river basin, including cultivated land, vegetable fields, woodlands, and wastelands. The results showed that the soil enzyme activity and the constituents of the soil were closely related and significantly affected each other (p < 0.05). Woodland soil exhibited the highest content of SOM in all soil depths. Soil total nitrogen mainly depended on the accumulation of biomass and the decomposition intensity of organic matter, so the changes in TN followed the trends of the changes in SOM. Woodland soil showed an improved mechanical composition. We were also able to observe an increased clay content in woodland soil. Woodland soil also exhibited the reversal of soil desertification and an increase in nutrient/water retention capacity. Therefore, an increase in woodland areas would be an appropriate goal in terms of land use in order to improve the eco-environmental quality of the Taojia River basin.


Assuntos
Rios , Solo , Solo/química , Nitrogênio/análise , China , Nutrientes
7.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 970, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400759

RESUMO

Sézary syndrome (SS) is a rare and aggressive type of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) with a poor prognosis. Intra-tumoral heterogeneity caused by different disease compartments (e.g., skin, blood) and poor understanding of the pathogenesis has created obstacles to the precise diagnosis and targeted treatment of the disease. Here we performed a comprehensive analysis by integrating single-cell transcriptomic data of 40,333 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and 41,580 skin cells, as well as single-cell chromatin accessibility data of 11,058 PBMCs from an SS patient and matched healthy controls (HCs). Validation and functional investigation were carried out in an independent cohort consisting of SS patients, mycosis fungoides (MF) patients, psoriatic erythroderma patients, and HCs, as well as multiple cell lines. The analysis revealed that skin-derived Sézary cells (SCs) had a shifting trend to more advanced mature phenotypes compared to blood-derived SCs. A series of specific marker genes (TOX, DNM3, KLHL42, PGM2L1, and SESN3) shared in blood- and skin-derived SCs were identified, facilitating the diagnosis and prognosis of MF/SS. Moreover, luciferase reporter assays and gene knockdown assays were used to verify that KLHL42 was transcriptionally activated by GATA3 in SS. Functional assays indicated that KLHL42 silencing significantly inhibited aggressive CTCL cell proliferation and promoted its apoptosis. Therefore, targeting inhibition KLHL42 might serve as a promising therapeutic approach in CTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T , Síndrome de Sézary , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Análise de Célula Única , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/genética , Síndrome de Sézary/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia
8.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403863

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of different chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) metrics for grading gliomas with semiautomatically defined regions of interest (ROIs). METHODS: Thirty-eight adult subjects were included, including 23 high-grade gliomas and 15 low-grade gliomas confirmed by histopathology. The B0-corrected CEST z-spectra were first calculated with magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry (MTRasym) analysis at frequency offsets of 3.5, 3, 2.5, 2, 1.5, and 1 ppm to obtain the fit-free metrics and subsequently fitted with three Lorentzian functions denoting direct water saturation (DS), amide proton transfer (APT), and combined semisolid magnetization transfer and nuclear Overhauser enhancement (MT & NOE) effects to derive the fit-based metrics. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was performed to determine if a statistically significant difference was present in the CEST metrics between low- and high-grade gliomas. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the differentiation of CEST metrics between low- and high-grade gliomas. Pearson correlation coefficients were employed to evaluate the correlations of CEST metrics. RESULTS: For the fit-free metrics, the highest areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.85, 0.88, and 0.88, corresponding to MTRasym, MTRnormref (normalization by the reference scan), and MTRRex (subtraction of inverse z-spectra), respectively, were obtained at 3 ppm across various frequency offsets. In addition, the AUCs generated from the fit-based metrics (0.88-0.90) were higher than those generated from the fit-free metrics at 3 ppm. CONCLUSION: The results of this preliminary study indicate that fit-free CEST metrics at 3 ppm are superior to the other frequency offsets for grading human brain gliomas. The fit-based metrics manifested improved differentiation between low- and high-grade gliomas compared to the fit-free CEST metrics.

9.
Elife ; 112022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399034

RESUMO

Experience-dependent cortical plasticity is a pivotal process of human brain development and essential for the formation of most cognitive functions. Although studies found that early visual experience could influence the endogenous development of visual cortex in animals, little is known about such impact on human infants. Using the multimodal MRI data from the developing human connectome project, we characterized the early structural and functional maps in the ventral visual cortex and their development during neonatal period. Particularly, we found that postnatal time selectively modulated the cortical thickness in the ventral visual cortex and the functional circuit between bilateral primary visual cortices. But the cortical myelination and functional connections of the high-order visual cortex developed without significant influence of postnatal time in such an early period. The structure-function analysis further revealed that the postnatal time had a direct influence on the development of homotopic connection in area V1, while gestational time had an indirect effect on it through cortical myelination. These findings were further validated in preterm-born infants who had longer postnatal time but shorter gestational time at birth. In short, these data suggested in human newborns that early postnatal time shaped the structural and functional development of the visual cortex in selective and organized patterns.


Assuntos
Conectoma , Córtex Visual , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Animais , Lactente , Córtex Visual/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Cognição
10.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 79: 135-145, 2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375342

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was to critically evaluate the effects of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) on the symptoms of anxiety and depression in cancer patients. METHODS: Eight Chinese and English databases (CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO) were systematically searched from the inception of databases to May 2022 for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). According to the Cochrane Collaboration criteria, two reviewers independently assessed the risk of bias and extract data from included studies. All analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.4. RESULTS: Thirteen qualified studies were included in the meta-analysis, twelve of which reported the effect of ICBT on anxiety in 2079 cancer patients; thirteen of the studies reported the effect of ICBT on depression in 2179 patients. The meta-analysis indicated that ICBT was effective in improving anxiety [SMD = -0.37, 95%CI (-0.62, -0.12), P < 0.01, I2 = 86%] and depression [SMD = -0.27, 95%CI (-0.44, -0.09), P < 0.01, I2 = 72%] symptoms in cancer patients, especially those undergoing anti-cancer treatment. Therapist-guided ICBT was more effective than self-directed ICBT. ICBT lasting for ≤12 weeks could relieve anxiety and depressive symptoms of cancer patients. ICBT with number of modules ≥5 had a small effect on anxiety and depression relief while ICBT with number of modules <5 was found to be ineffective. CONCLUSIONS: ICBT lasting for ≤12 weeks, especially therapist-directed, helps relieve the anxiety and depressive symptoms of cancer patients. The ideal number of modules for ICBT and its long-term efficacy need to be validated by more studies of higher-quality.

11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 857, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The systematic collection of valid data related to hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) is considered effective for nosocomial infection prevention and control programs. New strategies to reduce HAIs have recently fueled the adoption of real-time automatic nosocomial infection surveillance systems (RT-NISSs). Although RT-NISSs have been implemented in some hospitals for several years, the effect of RT-NISS on HAI prevention and control needs to be further explored. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive analysis of inpatients from January 2017 to December 2019 was performed. We collected hospital-acquired infection (HAI) cases and multidrug resistant organism (MDRO) infection cases by traditional surveillance in period 1 (from January 2017 to December 2017), and these cases were collected in period 2 (from January 2018 to December 2018) and period 3 (from January 2019 to December 2019) using a real-time nosocomial infection surveillance system (RT-NISS). The accuracy of MDRO infection surveillance results over the 3 periods was examined. The trends of antibiotic utilization rates and pathogen culture rates in periods 2 and 3 were also analysed. RESULTS: A total of 114,647 inpatients, including 2242 HAI cases, were analysed. The incidence of HAIs in period 2 was significantly greater than that in period 1 (2.28% vs. 1.48%, χ2 = 61.963, p < 0.001) and period 3 (2.28% vs. 2.05%, χ2 = 4.767, p = 0.029). The incidence of five HAI sites, including respiratory infection, urinary tract infection (UTI), surgical site infection (SSI), bloodstream infection (BSI) and skin and soft tissue infection, was significantly greater in period 2 compared with period 1 (both p < 0.05) but was not significantly different from that in period 3. The incidence of hospital-acquired MDRO infections in period 3 was lower than that in period 2. The identification of MDRO infection cases using the RT-NISS achieved a high level of sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV), especially in period 3 (Se = 100%, Sp = 100%, PPV = 100% and NPV = 100%). CONCLUSION: The adoption of a RT-NISS to adequately and accurately collect HAI cases is useful to prevent and control HAIs. Furthermore, RT-NISSs improve accuracy in MDRO infection case reporting, which can timely and accurately guide and supervise clinicians in implementing MDRO infection prevention and control measures.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Infecções Urinárias , Humanos , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Controle de Infecções , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Hospitais
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 992018, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388280

RESUMO

Background: Psychological problems may promote peptic ulcers. Ulcer-like wounds can be formed after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The influence of family support on the healing of gastric ESD-induced ulcers remains largely undetermined. Objective: In the present study, we aimed to assess the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores and the incidence of post-ESD complications in patients with family support in the care process and those in the non-relative group. Materials and methods: A total of 191 patients aged between 30 and 70 years who received gastric ESD were evaluated with the Chinese version of HADS. Differences in depression and anxiety between the two groups were compared using the chi-square test and t-test. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine whether anxiety and depression were the risk factors for post-ESD complications. Results: The mean values of HADS-A (4.61 ± 2.89 vs. 5.56 ± 3.07, p = 0.042) and HADS-D (4.14 ± 3.03 vs. 4.97 ± 2.61, p = 0.048) scores were significantly lower in patients with accompanying relatives compared with those in the non-relative group. Besides, through the pre-ESD and post-ESD self-contrast, the scores of anxiety and depression in the relative-group were 0.57 and 0.56, respectively (p < 0.001), while those in the non-relative group were increased by 1.43 and 1.49, respectively (p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that HADS-A, HADS-D scores, and age were significantly correlated with post-ESD abdominal pain (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The occurrence and degree of adverse emotions such as psychological anxiety and depression in patients who received gastric ESD with accompanying relatives during hospitalization may were reduced, and the incidence of gastric post-ESD abdominal pain may was also decreased.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Úlcera Gástrica , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Úlcera Gástrica/etiologia , Dor Abdominal/complicações
14.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364800

RESUMO

Ying Yang Bao (YYB) is conventionally prescribed as a nutritional supplement to infants and young children (IYC) in less developed areas of China. However, whether 18-month YYB consumption is reasonable needs assessment. This study examined the influence of the duration of YYB consumption on hemoglobin (Hb) levels and anemia prevalence. Data from the Nutrition Improvement Project on Children in Poor Areas of China in 2018-2019 were used. Questionnaires were used to collect information on basic characteristics, dietary status, and YYB consumption. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to balance confounders. Hb levels and anemia prevalence in IYC with different durations of YYB consumption were compared. After PSM, all covariates were well-balanced, and 1151 pairs of IYC were included in subsequent analyses. During the 1st-9th months of intervention, YYB effectively increased Hb levels and reduced anemia prevalence in the intervention group. During the 10th-18th months of intervention, Hb levels in the control group increased and anemia prevalence decreased, while Hb levels and anemia prevalence fluctuated in the intervention group. In conclusion, YYB was effective in improving nutritional status of infants, but had a limited effect in young children. Nutritional supplements with different quantities or nutrients should be considered for young children.


Assuntos
Anemia , População Rural , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Hemoglobinas/análise
15.
Toxics ; 10(11)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355927

RESUMO

Using photodeposition and plasma, Pt-N co-modified TiO2 nanotube electrodes were created. Several techniques, such as SEM, XRD, UV-VIS-DRS, XPS, and PL, were used to analyze the electrode shape, crystalline structure, light absorption range, elemental composition, and photogenerated carrier recombination efficiency. Using the electrochemical workstation, EIS and I-t were utilized to examine the electrochemical characteristics. The results indicated that the diameter of the TiO2 nanotube tubes was around 90 nm, and that the photodeposition duration affected the amount of Pt particles deposited. The deposited Pt particles efficiently reduced the photogenerated carrier complexation rate of the N-TiO2 nanotube electrode, contributing to the separation of electron-hole pairs and light utilization. Electrochemical studies indicated that Pt-N co-modified TiO2 increased the electrode's oxidation and electrical conductivity, as well as its photoelectrocatalytic capacity. Oxytetracycline degradation in simulated wastewater by a Pt-N co-modified TiO2 nanotube electrode revealed the exceptional PEC activity, and the oxytetracycline degradation processes followed primary kinetics. •O2- and •OH played a significant role in the photoelectrocatalytic degradation of oxytetracycline, resulting in a novel method for oxytetracycline degradation.

16.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363599

RESUMO

In this paper, δ-MnO2 with layered structure was prepared by a facile liquid phase method, and exfoliated MnO2 nanosheet (e-MnO2) was obtained by ultrasonic exfoliation, whose surface was negatively charged. Then, positive charges were grafted on the surface of MnO2 nanosheets with a polycation electrolyte of polydiallyl dimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) in different concentrations. A series of e-MnO2@reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composites were obtained by electrostatic self-assembly combined with hydrothermal chemical reduction. When PDDA was adjusted to 0.75 g/L, the thickness of e-MnO2 was ~1.2 nm, and the nanosheets were uniformly adsorbed on the surface of graphene, which shows layer-by-layer morphology with a specific surface area of ~154 m2/g. On account of the unique heterostructure, the composite exhibits good electrochemical performance as supercapacitor electrodes. The specific capacitance of e-MnO2-0.75@rGO can reach 456 F/g at a current density of 1 A/g in KOH electrolyte, which still remains 201 F/g at 10 A/g. In addition, the capacitance retention is 98.7% after 10000 charge-discharge cycles at 20 A/g. Furthermore, an asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) device of e-MnO2-0.75@rGO//graphene hydrogel (GH) was assembled, of which the specific capacitance achieves 94 F/g (1 A/g) and the cycle stability is excellent, with a retention rate of 99.3% over 10000 cycles (20 A/g).

17.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 978, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402747

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant radiotherapy is a standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer, however, resistance to chemoradiotherapy is one of the main obstacles to improving treatment outcomes. The goal of this study was to explore the role of PRDM15 involved in the radioresistance of colorectal cancer and to clarify the underlying mechanism. In present study, we demonstrated that, after DNA damage, PRDM15 was upregulated and localized to DNA damage sites, co-localizing with γ-H2AX. Knockdown of PRDM15 inhibited DNA damage repair and increased radiosensitivity in colorectal cancer cells. Mechanistically, PRDM15 promoted DNA repair by interacting with DNA-PKcs and Ku70/Ku80 complex. In preclinical models of rectal cancer, knockdown of PRDM15 sensitized cell derived xenograft and patient derived xenograft to radiotherapy. In 80 rectal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, higher PRDM15 expression was observed associated with weaker tumor regression and poorer prognosis. Our findings revealed that inhibiting PRDM15 was potent to overcome radioresistance through abrogating DNA repair in colorectal cancer cells. Additionally, the expression level of PRDM15 could be applied to predict radiotherapy responsiveness and the outcome of neoadjuvant radiotherapy in rectal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Dano ao DNA , Tolerância a Radiação , DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição
18.
Chin Herb Med ; 14(4): 528-534, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405064

RESUMO

Seaweed is a traditional Chinese medicine homologous to food, in which polysaccharides are responsible for anti-cancer by enhancing immunity, inducing cancer cell apoptosis, inhibiting cancer cell invasion and metastasis or directly scavenging oxidative free radicals that induce cancer cell changes. Among them, regulating immunity and promoting cancer cell apoptosis are intensively studied due to the important role in preventing cancer. Here we reviewed seaweed in the apoptosis-inducing signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT, ROS and JNK and discussed challenges in studying seaweed.

19.
Comput Biol Med ; 151(Pt A): 106212, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327885

RESUMO

The number of SARS-CoV-2 spike Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) with multiple amino acid mutations is huge due to random mutations and combinatorial explosions, making it almost impossible to experimentally determine their binding affinities to human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2). Although computational prediction is an alternative way, there is still no online platform to predict the mutation effect of RBD on the hACE2 binding affinity until now. In this study, we developed a free online platform based on deep learning models, namely D3AI-Spike, for quickly predicting binding affinity between spike RBD mutants and hACE2. The models based on CNN and CNN-RNN methods have the concordance index of around 0.8. Overall, the test results of the models are in agreement with the experimental data. To further evaluate the prediction power of D3AI-Spike, we predicted and experimentally determined the binding affinity of a VUM (variants under monitoring) variant IHU (B.1.640.2), which has fourteen amino acid substitutions, including N501Y and E484K, and 9 deletions located in the spike protein. The predicted average affinity score for wild-type RBD and IHU to hACE2 are 0.483 and 0.438, while the determined Kaff values are 5.39 ± 0.38 × 107 L/mol and 1.02 ± 0.47 × 107 L/mol, respectively, demonstrating the strong predictive power of D3AI-Spike. We think D3AI-Spike will be helpful to the viral transmission prediction for the new emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants. D3AI-Spike is now available free of charge at https://www.d3pharma.com/D3Targets-2019-nCoV/D3AI-Spike/index.php.

20.
EBioMedicine ; 86: 104353, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The E2F family of transcription factors play a crucial role in the development of various cancers. However, E2F members lack targetable binding pockets and are typically considered "undruggable". Unlike canonical small-molecule therapeutics, molecular glues mediate new E3 ligase-protein interactions to induce selective proteasomal degradation, which represents an attractive option to overcome these limitations. METHODS: Human proteome microarray was utilized to identify a natural product-derived molecular glue for targeting E2F2 degradation. Co-IP analysis with stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture (SILAC)-based quantitative proteomics was carried out to further explore the E3 ligase for E2F2 degradation. FINDINGS: In this study, we identified a molecular glue bufalin, which significantly promoted E2F2 degradation. Unexpectedly, E2F2 underwent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation via a previously undisclosed atypical E3 ligase, zinc finger protein 91 (ZFP91). In particular, we observed that bufalin markedly promoted E2F2-ZFP91 complex formation, thereby leading to E2F2 polyubiquitination via K48-linked ubiquitin chains for degradation. E2F2 degradation subsequently caused transcriptional suppression of multiple oncogenes including c-Myc, CCNE1, CCNE2, MCM5 and CDK1, and inhibited hepatocellular carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo. INTERPRETATION: Collectively, our findings open up a new direction for transcription factors degradation by targeting atypical E3 ligase ZFP91. Meanwhile, the chemical knockdown strategy with molecular glue may promote innovative transcription factor degrader development in cancer therapy. FUNDING: This work was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2022YFC3501601), National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (81973505, 82174008, 82030114), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2019M650396), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

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