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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488265

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the application of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Screening Questionnaire and pulmonary function test in dust-exposed migrant workers. Methods: In May 2019, 149 cases of dust exposed migrant workers were selected as the research subjects through the free clinic in the countryside. COPD Screening Questionnaire and lung function test were carried out to analyze the high-risk groups and the influencing factors of positive pulmonary function test results. Results: Among 149 cases of dust-exposed migrant workers, 107 (71.8%) were positive for questionnaire screening, 73 (49.0%) were positive for pulmonary function test, 75 (50.3%) were diagnosed with coal worker's pneumoconiosis, and 101 (67.8%) were diagnosed with lung function injury. The positive rate of pulmonary function of migrant workers with positive questionnaire screening results was significantly higher than that of those with negative results (P<0.05) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that compared with non-pneumoconiosis, the risk of positive pulmonary function test results was higher in dust-exposed migrant workers with stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis (OR=16.462, 95%CI: 3.390-79.946; P<0.01) . Compared with non-smoking, the risks of positive pulmonary function test results of dust-exposed migrant workers with smoking index of 11-20 package years and >20 package years were higher (OR=19.814, 95%CI: 3.854-101.883; OR=9.733, 95%CI: 2.310-41.008; P<0.01) . Conclusion: The risk of COPD in dust-exposed migrant workers is high, so we should strengthen the early examination of the high pneumoconiosis stage and smoking population. The screening questionnaire can better screen out the high-risk groups of COPD, and it can be used as a basic screening tool.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Migrantes , Poeira , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/diagnóstico , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(1): 147-154, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472329

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and its prognostic value in the treatment of acral melanoma. Methods: We retrospective analyzed 118 patients who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy from Mar 2012 to Jun 2019 with effective follow-up data available in our institute. We ruled out palpable regional lymph node metastasis with preoperative imaging of MRI and ultrasonography, used the (99)Tc(m)-Dextran (Dx) as a tracer, with intraoperative γ-ray probe positioning for SLN capture. Wide resection and reconstruction in primary lesion followed by complete lymph node dissection were underwent SLN positive patients. Cox regression model were used to analyze the prognostic factors. Results: The patients had an average disease history of 53.6 months (2-360 months), the primary lesion located at hands and feet in 84 cases, while 27 cases were subungual and 7 cases were cutaneous. The mean Breslow depth was 3.6 mm, and 72 cases (61.0%) combined with ulceration. The average number of SLN was 2.8, the SLN positive rate was 24.6% (29/118), and the false-negative rate was 2.5% (3/118). There were 24 cases (20.3%) developed clinically positive metastasis, including 7 cases displayed distant metastasis combined with lymph node metastasis (5.9%), 8 cases with clinically positive lymph node metastasis alone (6.8%), and 9 cases with distant metastasis (7.6%). There were 33 patients in stage Ⅰ, 56 patients in stage Ⅱ and 29 patients in stage Ⅲ, with a 5-years overall survival rate of 69.5%. The Breslow depth is an independent risk factor of SLN positive. While Breslow depth, SLN status, SLN positive number and clinically detectable metastasis are independent prognostic factors of the overall survival (P<0.05). Conclusions: Patients without clinically positive regional lymph node metastasis under imaging and physical examinations, SLNB can provide accurate pathologic staging and play an accurate prediction role in the prognostic evaluation. SLNB should be carried out routinely in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Melanoma/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
4.
Poult Sci ; 99(1): 207-213, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416803

RESUMO

Cottonseed meal (CSM), which is an unconventional protein material with abundant sources, high protein content, and a relatively cheap price, can be used in poultry diets. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CSM on slaughter performance, meat quality and meat chemical composition in Jiangnan White goslings. A total of 300 healthy 28-day-old male goslings were randomly divided into 5 treatments, with 6 pens containing 10 geese each. Five isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimental diets were formulated such that 0% (a corn-soybean meal basal diet, control), 25% (CSM25), 50% (CSM50), 75% (CSM75), and 100% (CSM100) protein from soybean meal was replaced with CSM (corresponding to 0, 6.73, 13.46, 20.18, and 26.91% CSM in the feed, respectively). On day 70, 1 goose from each pen (6 geese per treatment) was randomly selected and killed to measure the slaughter performance, meat quality, and the meat amino acid (AA) and fatty acid (FA) compositions. The results showed that dietary CSM did not affect the slaughter performance or meat quality of geese (P > 0.05). The fat content of breast muscle in the CSM100 group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). A concentration of 13.46% or more dietary CSM increased the threonine content but decreased the cysteine content, and 20.18% dietary CSM also decreased the valine content (P < 0.05). Dietary CSM concentration had no effect on the content of total saturated FAs (SFAs, P > 0.05), but 20.18 and 26.91% dietary CSM increased the content of total monounsaturated FAs and decreased the content of total polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) and PUFA/SFA in the breast muscle of geese (P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary CSM did not affect the slaughter performance or meat quality of geese, but the replacement of soybean meal with CSM in whole or high proportion altered the composition of AAs and FAs in breast muscle.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão , Gansos , Carne/análise , Aminoácidos/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Proteínas na Dieta , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/química , Sementes
5.
Br J Surg ; 107(2): e81-e90, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery are at risk of cardiovascular complications. Raised levels of high-sensitivity troponin are frequently detected before operation among these patients. However, the prognostic value of high-sensitivity troponin in predicting postoperative outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase and Science Citation Index Expanded was undertaken for observational studies published before March 2018 that reported associations between raised preoperative levels of high-sensitivity troponin and postoperative major adverse cardiac events and/or mortality after non-cardiac surgery. Meta-analyses were performed, where possible, using random-effects models. RESULTS: Seven cohort studies with a total of 4836 patients were included. A raised preoperative high-sensitivity troponin level was associated with a higher risk of short-term major adverse cardiac events (risk ratio (RR) 2·92, 95 per cent c.i. 1·96 to 4·37; I2  = 82·6 per cent), short-term mortality (RR 5·39, 3·21 to 9·06; I2  = 0 per cent) and long-term mortality (RR 2·90, 1·83 to 4·59, I2  = 74·2 per cent). The addition of preoperative high-sensitivity troponin measurement provided improvements in cardiovascular risk discrimination (increase in C-index ranged from 0·058 to 0·109) and classification (quantified by continuous net reclassification improvement) compared with Lee's Revised Cardiac Risk Index alone. There was substantial heterogeneity and inadequate risk stratification analysis in the included studies. CONCLUSION: Raised preoperative levels of high-sensitivity troponin appear to represent a risk for postoperative major adverse cardiac events and mortality. Further study is required before high-sensitivity troponin can be used to predict risk stratification in routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Troponina C/sangue , Humanos , Período Pré-Operatório , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
6.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 38(12): 891-894, 2020 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406545

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of pulmonary function changes and its possible influencing factors in patients with pneumoconiosis. Methods: In December 2019, pneumoconiosis patients hospitalized in four departments of occupational diseases in Hunan Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Hospital from December 2015 to December 2016 were selected as subjects. Lung function including forced vital capacity (FVC) , FVC%, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) , FEV1%, forced expiratory volume in one second / forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) , diffusion capacity of the lung foe carbon monoxide% (DLCO%) 、maximal expiratory rlow 75% (MEF75%) , maximal expiratory rlow 50% (MEF50%) and maximal expiratory rlow 25% (MEF25%) were tested, and collect their age, occupation history, smoking history and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Self Rating Questionnaire (CAT) score. They were followed up after 3 years to analyze the 3-year decline rates of lung function indicators and their relationship with stage of pneumoconiosis, age, smoking index, baseline values of lung function and CAT score. Results: 265 cases were studied effectively. After 3 years, the values of 9 lung function indicators of pneumoconiosis patients were significantly lower than those of 3 years ago (P<0.05) . The decline rates of FEV1%, FEV1/FVC, MEF75%, MEF50% and MEF25% were positively correlated with the stage of pneumoconiosis (r=0.250, 0.290, 0.219, 0.280, 0.141, P<0.05) . The decline rates of FEV1% and MEF75% were positively correlated with smoking index (r=0.148, 0.152, P<0.05) . The decline rates of DLCO% and MEF25% were positively correlated with the baseline value of initial pulmonary function (r=0.276, 0.153, P<0.05) , while the decline rates of FEV1%, FEV1/FVC and MEF50% were negatively correlated with the baseline values of initial pulmonary function (r=-0.215, -0.146, -0.214, P<0.05) . The decline rates of FVC%, FEV1%, MEF75% and MEF50% were positively correlated with the changes of CAT scores (r=0.147, 0.208, 0.210, 0.196, P<0.05) . Logistic regression analysis showed that old age and high initial value of DLCO% were the risk factor for the decline of DLCO% (OR=1.105、1.078, P<0.05) .High smoking index was the risk factors for the decline of MEF75% (OR=1.016, P<0.05) . High stage and the increase of CAT score were the risk factors for the decline of MEF50% (OR=1.548, 1.162, P<0.05) . High initial value of MEF25% was the risk factor for the decline of MEF25% (OR=1.010, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The pulmonary function index of pneumoconiosis patients declined significantly in 3 years. The stage of pneumoconiosis, age, smoking index and degree of pulmonary function damage were related to the decline rate of pulmonary function.


Assuntos
Pulmão , Pneumoconiose , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Capacidade Vital
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(37): 2897-2902, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607017

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the clinical outcome and prognostic factors of synchronous multicentric osteosarcoma (SMOS). Methods: The clinical data of 2 602 conventional osteosarcoma patients admitted to Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from January 1995 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Finally, 56 (2.1%) cases were confirmed as SMOS according to clinical and imaging database, medical record and pathological results.All epidemiological data of SMOS cases,initial diagnosis time, tumor site, number of lesions, chemotherapy, surgical treatment, alkline phosphatase (AKP),lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and oncological results were collected in our institution. The Survival rate, comparison of various parameters, univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression were performed with statistical software. Results: There were 41 males and 15 females enrolled in this research, the median and mean ages were 15 and 18 years (range, 8-50 years) respectively. All of them were multi-site involved, whereas the initial complaints of sites distribution were 32 cases of femur, 13 cases of tibia, 4 cases of humerus, 3 cases of fibula, 2 cases of spine, 1 case of sternum and 1 case of calcaneus. Forty-four of 56 cases performed adjuvant chemotherapy and 31 of them underwent surgical treatment. The mean follow-up time was 15.4 (range, 1-186) months. Thirty-five cases died of disease at the end of the follow-up. The 5-year survival rate was 10.4%. According to the number of lesions stratification, the 2-year survival rates in patients with low (<5 sites) and high (≥5 sites) tumor load was 33.6% and 0, respectively (χ(2)=6.697, P=0.010). The 2-year survival rate of chemotherapy and non-chemotherapy patients was 20.8% and 0, respectively (χ(2)=6.998, P=0.008), the value of AKP after chemotherapy(median: 272 IU/L) significantly decreased when compared with that at the initial diagnosis (median: 454 U/L) (Z=-3.274, P=0.001).The 2-year survival rate in patients with and without standard chemotherapy was 55.6% and 0, respectively (χ(2)=8.798, P=0.003). The 2-year survival rate was 25.0% in the surgical group and 0 in the non-surgical group, respectively (χ(2)=7.942, P=0.005). Multivariate cox regression analysis with the forward Wald method indicated that standard chemotherapy was the only variable contributor to survival and prognosis of multifocal osteosarcoma. Conclusions: SMOS has low survival rate and poor prognosis. Chemotherapy and surgery can improve the survival rate, standard chemotherapy is an independent prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
Poult Sci ; 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376354

RESUMO

Cottonseed meal (CSM), which is an unconventional protein material with abundant sources, high protein content, and a relatively cheap price, can be used in poultry diets. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CSM on slaughter performance, meat quality and meat chemical composition in Jiangnan White goslings. A total of 300 healthy 28-day-old male goslings were randomly divided into 5 treatments, with 6 pens containing 10 geese each. Five isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimental diets were formulated such that 0% (a corn-soybean meal basal diet, control), 25% (CSM25), 50% (CSM50), 75% (CSM75), and 100% (CSM100) protein from soybean meal was replaced with CSM (corresponding to 0, 6.73, 13.46, 20.18, and 26.91% CSM in the feed, respectively). On day 70, 1 goose from each pen (6 geese per treatment) was randomly selected and killed to measure the slaughter performance, meat quality, and the meat amino acid (AA) and fatty acid (FA) compositions. The results showed that dietary CSM did not affect the slaughter performance or meat quality of geese (P > 0.05). The fat content of breast muscle in the CSM100 group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). A concentration of 13.46% or more dietary CSM increased the threonine content but decreased the cysteine content, and 20.18% dietary CSM also decreased the valine content (P < 0.05). Dietary CSM concentration had no effect on the content of total saturated FAs (SFAs, P > 0.05), but 20.18 and 26.91% dietary CSM increased the content of total monounsaturated FAs and decreased the content of total polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) and PUFA/SFA in the breast muscle of geese (P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary CSM did not affect the slaughter performance or meat quality of geese, but the replacement of soybean meal with CSM in whole or high proportion altered the composition of AAs and FAs in breast muscle.

9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(7): 481-485, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357833

RESUMO

Melanoma is a malignant tumor derived from the skin and mucous membrane, the epidemiological data showed that the incidence of melanoma elevated rapidly in the last decade. Early lymph node metastasis is a distinguishing characteristic of melanoma. The assessment of regional lymph nodes is a vital factor for melanoma staging and comprehensive therapeutic strategies. The sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) plays an important role in this comprehensive diagnosis and treatment system. Completion lymph node dissection (CLND) with positive sentinel lymph node was accepted by traditional theories. But it has recently been questioned via the latest global clinical trial. CLND limited the benefit for melanoma specific survival. However, SLNB is the reliable procedure for staging and prognostic evaluation of melanoma patients with positive sentinel lymph node, and CLND can significantly improve the local control and decrease the regional recurrence according to the evidence-based medicine. The authors summary the recently correlational research of SLNB and CLND in melanoma in this review.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/tendências
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189243

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the compliance of inhalation during stable phase of pneumoconiosis complicated with COPD and to explore the factors influencing compliance. Methods: The patients with pneumoconiosis complicated with COPD who were hospitalized in the four Department of occupational disease prevention and treatment in Hunan province from December 2016 to August 2017 were selected as the research subjects. The examination of Chest radiograph, HRCT and lung function was perfected, and CAT score and MRC score were carried out. The age, culture, smoking history, acute aggravation of 1 years, medical insurance and so on were collected, and follow-up was conducted after 6 months. Results: Of the 115 patients who had successfully followed up, 14 cases (12.17%) were persisted in medication, and 101 cases (87.83%) did not adhere to the medication. The smoking index median of the non adherence group was 30 (15, 40) , while that of the adherence group was 16 (6, 31) . The smoking index of the adherence group was lower than that of the non adherence group. The FEV1% in the unadhered group was 44.69+15.48, and the drug group was 37.12+16.98, the FEV(1)/FVC in the unadhered group was 52.43+9.19, and the drug group was 44.43+11.88, and the lung function of the drug group was worse than that of the unadhered group. The adherence rate of group COPD (group D) was higher than that of group A, B and C, and the difference between D group and B group was statistically significant. The adherence rate of pneumoconiosis stage Ⅲ was higher than that of pneumoconiosis stageⅡand pneumoconiosisⅠ. Conclusion: The compliance of long acting bronchodilator inhalation is low in stable phase of pneumoconiosis complicated with COPD. The poorer the lung function, the higher the compliance of inhalation. The compliance of pneumoconiosis patients with Medical insurance for industrial injury is higher than that of pneumoconiosis patients with New rural cooperative medical service.


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/complicações , Pneumoconiose/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Testes de Função Respiratória , Fumar
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884592

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and influencing factors of ct-guided percutaneous lung biopsy in pneumoconiosis patients. Methods: The data of 63 patients with pneumoconiosis who underwent ct-guided percutaneous lung biopsy in our hospital were studied to analyze the incidence of complications and influencing factors of percutaneous lung biopsy. Results: 63 cases of pneumoconiosis patients received CT guided percutaneous lung biopsy. There were 29 cases of complications (46.03%) , including 20 pneumothorax (37.75%) , 12 bleeding (19.05%) , and 3 cases of liquid pneumothorax (4.76%) . The single factor chi square analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, depth of focus, puncture position and puncture times (P<0.05) , and there was significant difference between the occurrence of hemorrhage and age, type of focus, size of focus, and the location of puncture site (P<0.05) . The unconditional LogisticL multiple factor regression analysis showed that the depth of the lesion was an independent risk factor for concurrency pneumothorax, and the size of the lesion was an independent risk factor for bleeding. Conclusion: Complications of CT-guided percutaneous pulmonary biopsy are mainly pneumothorax and hemorrhage. Age, focus type, focus size, focus depth, puncture site, and puncture times are all the factors of complications.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumoconiose/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 677-686, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157574

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the local recurrent rate, the persistence of reconstruction and functional recovery of Giant Cell Tumor (GCT) after the treatments of extensive curettage or resection. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on the clinical data of 50 patients who had giant cell tumor with pathological tracture around the knee treated in our hospital from January 2001 to July 2014. There were 30 males and 20 females. The average age was 33.7 years respectively (range, 17 to 71 years). The fracture localizations of 45 cases were distal femur and of 5 cases were proximal tibia. According to AO fracture classification, 3 cases were in type A, 36 cases in type B and 11 cases in type C. In Campanicci system for image grading study, 5 cases were in grade Ⅱ and 45 cases in grade Ⅲ. Surgical treatment included 20 cases of extensive curettage and 30 cases of resection. The surgical reconstructive methods included 16 cases of cement reconstruction with internal fixation, 5 cases of unicompartmental arthroplasty with allograft, 1 case of segment osteoarticular allograft transplantation and 28 cases of prosthesis replacement. Final statistical analysis of surgery and therapeutic effect were carried out by SPSS, version 16.0 for Windows. Enrolling parameters collected gender, age, location, fracture type, surgical treatment, surgical margin, reconstruction, complications, local recurrence (LR) and functional evaluation. Categorical data were described by result frequencies.The comparison of the rate was performed by chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Between the two groups compared using independent t-test. The recurrence-free survival was estimated by the method of Kaplan-Meier. Results: The mean postoperative follow-up time was 66.9 months (range, 24-149 months). Four patients developed local recurrence (4/50, 8.0%)including 3 cases of curettage group (3/20, 15.0%)and 1 case of resection group (1/30, 3.3%), there was no significant difference between curettage and resection group (P=0.289). The comparison of local recurrence between this curettage group (3/20, 15.0%) and the GCT group without fracture published before(10/116, 8.6%) in our institution also had no significant difference (P=0.407). There was no significant difference among the three types of fracture regarding the rate of local recurrence (P=0.160), but there was significant difference in the choice of surgical procedures for different fracture types (P=0.006). The complications: 2 patients (2/20, 10.0%)had joint degeneration in curettage group. 15 cases (15/30, 50.0%) had complications in resection group, 1 case of unicompartmental arthroplasty allograft absorption, 2 cases of infection and 12 cases of aseptic loosening after prosthesis replacement (including 1 case with periprosthetic fracture and 1 case with prosthesis fracture). The postoperative complications in curettage group had a significant reduction (P=0.005) when compared with the resection group. The mean score of functional evaluation with Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) for curettage and resection group were (93.5±6.5)% and (82.6±12.9)% (F=4.838, P=0.033). Conclusions: (1) Extensive curettage did not increase the risk of local recurrence of giant cell tumor with pathological fracture around the knee. (2)The different fracture type had no effect on the local recurrence rate, but affect the decision of surgical procedures options. (3)The reconstructive complications in resection group was significant higher than curettage group, and the postoperative function of curettage group was better than resection group.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Fraturas Espontâneas , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso , Articulação do Joelho , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(7): 511-516, 2018 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996315

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features of dedifferentiated liposarcoma of extremities. Methods: Nine cases of dedifferentiated liposarcoma of extremities diagnosed at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from 2009 to 2017 were selected. The histological features of cases of dedifferentiated liposarcoma of extremities were evaluated by HE and immunohistochemistry, together with the clinical and radiological features. Flourescence in situ hybridization(FISH) was used to detect MDM2 amplification. Results: They were located in the thigh (6 cases), calf (2 cases) and buttock (1 case). There were six females and three males. Patients' age ranged from 61 to 79 years (mean 68 years). Histologically, there were two components, well-differentiated liposarcoma and dedifferentiated sarcoma with or without transitional lesions between them. The histology of dedifferentiated liposarcoma included undifferentiated sarcoma and fibrosarcoma. Heterologous elements such as bone and cartilage were present in two cases. Immunohistochemical study showed the tumor cells expressed vimentin, CDK4 and p16. MDM2 were positive in 6 cases (6/9) and p53 was positive in one case(1/9). CKpan was positive in the epithelioid differentiation area. S-100 protein was positive in the well-differentiated liposarcoma component. FISH showed the amplification of MDM2(6/9). Conclusions: Dedifferentiated liposarcoma of extremities is very rare. The diagnosis should be combined with the histological characteristics and immunohistochemical results and differentiated from the other tumors and tumor-like lesions.


Assuntos
Extremidades/patologia , Lipossarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/patologia , Idoso , Desdiferenciação Celular , Diferenciação Celular , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Fibrossarcoma/metabolismo , Fibrossarcoma/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lipossarcoma/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Coxa da Perna , Vimentina/metabolismo
14.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(6): 449-454, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886590

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the radiological and histopathological features of giant cell tumor of bone treated with RANKL inhibitor denosumab. Methods: Eleven cases were retrieved from the surgical pathology records between March 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. Formalin fixed, paraffin embedded specimens were collected and the histological features were evaluated. The imaging features including X ray, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography were also reviewed. Results: These 11 cases of giant cell tumor of bone were derived from five female and six male patients, with age ranged from 20 to 62 years (mean age, 35 years). The tumors were located in the sacrum (6 cases), femur (2 cases), radius (1 case), tibia (1 case) and patella (1 case), respectively. Histologically, all cases showed depletion of giant cells, proliferation of mononuclear cells and different degrees of ossification 3 to 6 months after denosumab therapy. Radiography showed marked osteosclerosis and sclerotic rim formation. Three cases of the sacrum recurred after 5, 6 and 11 months of surgery, and the remaining cases showed no recurrence within follow-up of 1 to 14 months. Conclusions: Denosumab treated giant cell tumors morphologically differ from untreated tumors. Careful attention to a history of denosumab administration is crucial to avoid misdiagnosis and to allow proper differentiation from other tumors and tumor-like lesions.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Neoplasias Femorais/dietoterapia , Neoplasias Femorais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Femorais/patologia , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Radiografia , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(5): 349-353, 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29783801

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features of dedifferentiated chordoma. Methods: Four cases of dedifferentiated chordoma of sacrococcygeal region were collected at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, from 2009 to 2014. HE and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) were used to observe the clinical, radiological and histological features of dedifferentiated chordoma and to make the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The literature was reviewed. Results: Four cases of dedifferentiated chordoma were all located in the sacrococcygeal region. The mean age at diagnosis was 57 years (range 49-64 years). There were 1 female and 3 males. Histologically, there were two components of conventional chordoma and dedifferentiated sarcoma with or without transitional area between them. The histology of dedifferentiated components includes undifferentiated sarcoma and fibrosarcoma. Immunohistochemical study showed that cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, S-100, Brachyury were positive in the portion of chordoma while p53 were positive in the portion of undifferentiated sarcoma. INI1 and vimentin were both positive. Conclusions: The dedifferentiated chordoma is very rare. The diagnosis should combine the histological characters and immunohistochemical results and should be differentiated from the sarcomatoid chordoma, poorly differentiated chordoma and other high grade sarcoma. p53 may play a role in the malignant transformation mechanism of chordoma.


Assuntos
Cordoma/patologia , Fibrossarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Desdiferenciação Celular , Cordoma/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Fibrossarcoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Queratinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Região Sacrococcígea , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(2): 141-146, 2018 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29502376

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact of surgery in pain relief, quality of life, neurological function, survival status and prognosis of spinal myeloma patients. Methods: Twenty spinal myeloma patients from January 1990 to June 2016 who underwent surgery were reviewed. Compare the preoperative and postoperative neurological function and quality of life, via visual analogue scale (VAS), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score and Frankel classification, survival rate based follow-up were statistical analyzed by Wilcoxon and Kaplan-Meier respectively, univariate and multivariate analysis with Cox regression model. Results: There were 12 males and 8 females enrolled with average age of 53.3 (range from 31 to 75 years). Lesions location distribution: cervical spine 1 case, 12 in thoracic spine, 6 in lumbar and 1 in sacral tumor. The majority of symptom was pain in 20 cases and 5 cases had incomplete paraplegia with spinal cord compression. Single posterior approach in 15 cases, single anterior in 3 cases, anterior and posterior combined approach in 2 cases. The average operation time was 225 min, average blood loss was 2 320 ml. The patients with postoperative median VAS score and ECOG score were 2.00 and 1 respectively, it is significantly decreased (P<0.001) compared with the preoperative score (7.50 and 3), the median Frankel classification was level 5 in postoperative patients and increased significantly (P<0.001) than preoperative patients (level 4). One patient had local recurrence, 2 patients had complications. The overall 5 and 10 year survival rate was 61.7% and 42.3%, respectively. The 3 years survival rate between surgery combine chemotherapy and without chemotherapy group was 87.1% and 25.0%, 5 years survival rate was 79.1% and 0 respectively (P<0.01). LDH, ALB and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors of survival from Cox regression. The odds ratio (OR) was 1.037 (P=0.006), 0.746 (P=0.009) and 0.077 (P=0.012) respectively. Conclusion: Surgical strategy is effective to improve quality of life for spinal myeloma patients. Combine chemotherapy could improve the survival.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081130

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the change in peripheral nervous conduction velocity in patients with occupational chronic mercury poisoning and related influencing factors. Methods: From February 2011 to December 2014, urinary mercury examination and neural electromyography were performed for 104 patients with occupational chronic mercury poisoning. The data on age, type of work, working years of mercury exposure, and past medical history were collected, and peripheral nervous conduction velocity and its correlation with age, working years of mercury exposure, and urinary mercury concentration were analyzed. Results: All the 104 patients with occupational chronic mercury poisoning had a mean of 45.37±9.82 years, median (P(25), P(75)) working years of 7 (3, 11) , and a median (P(25), P(75)) urinary mercury concentration of 88.50 (56.25, 163.03) µg/g Cr. The major clinical manifestations of peripheral nerve injuries were numbness of extremities (20.2%) , hypopselaphesia/hypalgesia or hyperpselaphesia/hyperalgesia (9.6%) , and bone/muscle pain in the extremities (6.7%) . Neural electromyography showed an increase in denervation potential (fibrillation potential or positive sharp wave) and a detection rate of abnormal peripheral nervous conduction velocity as high as 65.4%. The patients with an older age and more working years had a higher incidence rate of abnormal sensory conduction velocity of the ulnar nerve. There were significant reductions in motor and sensory conduction velocities of the median nerve, motor and sensory conduction velocities of the ulnar nerve, motor conduction velocity of the common peroneal nerve, and the sensory conduction velocity of the superficial peroneal nerve (P<0.05) , with the increase in urinary mercury concentration. Conclusion: Patients with occupational mercury poisoning have a high rate of abnormal neural electromyographic findings, which can be used as an important method for early identification of chronic peripheral nerve injuries induced by mercury poisoning. The degree of peripheral nerve injuries increases with the increasing time of mercury exposure and urinary mercury concentration.


Assuntos
Nervo Mediano/fisiopatologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Condução Nervosa , Doenças Profissionais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/complicações
18.
J Mater Chem B ; 5(8): 1574-1584, 2017 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28736613

RESUMO

Biocompatibility is a major concern for developing biomaterials used in medical devices, tissue engineering and drug delivery. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is one of the most widely used biodegradable materials, yet still triggers a significant foreign body response that impairs healing. Immune cells including macrophages respond to the implanted biomaterial and mediate the host response, which can eventually lead to device failure. Previously in our laboratory, we found that CD200, an immunomodulatory protein, suppressed macrophage inflammatory activation in vitro and reduced local immune cell infiltration around a biomaterial implant. While in our initial study we used polystyrene as a model material, here we investigate the effect of CD200 on PLGA, a commonly used biomaterial with many potential clinical applications. We fabricated PLGA with varied geometries, modified their surfaces with CD200, and examined macrophage cytokine secretion and phagocytosis. We found that CD200 suppressed secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and enhanced secretion of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, suggesting a role for CD200 in promoting wound healing and tissue remodeling. In addition, we found that CD200 increased phagocytosis in both murine macrophages and human monocytes. Together, these data suggest that modification with CD200 leads to a response that simultaneously prevents inflammation and enhances phagocytosis. This immunomodulatory feature may be used as a strategy to mitigate inflammation or deliver drugs or anti-inflammatory agents targeting macrophages.

19.
Dis Esophagus ; 30(2): 1-7, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26822871

RESUMO

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may lead to Barrett's esophagus (BE). Previously, a large genome-wide association study found two germline markers to be associated with BE, FOXF1 rs9936833 (C allele) and MHC rs9257809 (A allele). This study evaluated whether these two polymorphisms are associated with gastroesphageal acid reflux as measured by 24-hour pH testing. Patients with acid reflux symptoms referred for esophageal manometry and 24-hour pH monitoring at University Health Network (Toronto, ON) were enrolled. DNA extracted from blood was genotyped using a Taqman Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay. DeMeester scores of ≥14.7 or prior evidence of reflux esophagitis on endoscopy defined individuals with esophageal acid reflux. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for clinical risk factors, was used to calculate odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for each polymorphism in relation to the presence of acid reflux. Of 182 patients, the median age was 50 years and 62% were female; 95 (52%) met the definition of GERD. In the multivariable analysis, both FOXF1 rs9936833 (OR = 1.82; 95%CI: 1.12-2.96; P = 0.02) and MHC rs9257809 (OR = 9.36; 95%CI: 2.92-29.99; P < 0.001) remained significantly associated with presence of acid reflux. When both polymorphisms were placed in the same model, the adjusted ORs were 2.10 (95%CI: 1.24-3.53; P = 0.005) and 10.95 (95%CI: 3.32-36.09; P < 0.001), respectively. The association for risk allele C in FOXF1 rs9936833 and risk allele A in MHC rs9257809 with the presence of acid reflux suggests a potential pathophysiologic mechanism for the role of genetic influences in BE development.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/sangue , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/genética , Antígenos HLA-C/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico/métodos , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/sangue , Marcadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
20.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 35(11): 865-867, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29316765

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of pneumoconiosis complicated with pulmo-nary emphysema. Methods: selected 868 patients with pneumoconiosis were selected from December 2015 to December 2016 in Hunan occupational disease prevention and treatment hospital. Collected the results of high-resolution spiral CT, arterial blood gas, ECG, pulmonary function and MRC score. The subjects were divided into pneumoconiosis complicated with pulmonary emphysema group and simple pneumoconiosis group accord-ing to the results of HRCT. The smoking, MRC score, pulmonary function, blood gas and complications were compared. Results: A total of 868 patients were enrolled in the study. Emphysema 232 people, accounting for 26.73%. The incidence of emphysema in the first phase of pneumoconiosis was 12.69%, and the incidence rate of emphysema in pneumoconiosis was 17.03%, The incidence of three Stage pneumoconiosis was highest, up to 60.76%, the incidence of emphysema increased with the increase of stages of pneumoconiosis (P=0.000) .The smoking index of pneumoconiosis combined with emphysema group was significantly higher than that of simple pneumoconiosis group (P<0.01) . The MRC score of pneumoconiosis complicated with pulmonary em-physema group was higher than that of simple pneumoconiosis group (P=0.000) . In pneumoconiosis complicat-ed with pulmonary emphysema group the FEV(1.0)%, FVC%, FEV(1.0)/FVC, DLCO%, oxygen partial pressure were significantly lower than that of simple pneumoconiosis group (P≤0.05) . The combined rate of Bullae of lung in pneumoconiosis complicated with pulmonary emphysema group was higher than that of simple pneumo-coniosis group (P<0.01) . Conclusion: pneumoconiosis stage and smoking. Patients with pneumoconiosis com-plicated with pulmonary emphysema had heavier breathing difficulties, more serious pulmonary function and active endurance, the degree of hypoxia is more serious, and had a higher incidence of complications. The pul-monary function of pneumoconiosis complicated with pulmonary emphysema is not consistent with the typical CPFE.


Assuntos
Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Enfisema Pulmonar/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pulmão , Pneumoconiose/complicações , Enfisema Pulmonar/complicações , Fumar , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
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