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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1181, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386242

RESUMO

Curcumin (CUR), a promising naturally occurring dietary compound, is commonly recognized as the potential anti-inflammatory agent. While the application of CUR was hampered by its low stability and poor systemic bioavailability, it has been suggested that the biological activities of CUR are intimately related to its metabolites. In the current investigation, we aimed to comparatively explore the anti-inflammatory effects of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), octahydrocurcumin (OHC), and CUR, and to elucidate the underlying action mechanisms on experimental mice models of acute inflammation, i.e., xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. The results showed that THC and OHC exerted significant and dose-dependent inhibitions on the formation of ear edema induced by xylene and paw edema provoked by carrageenan and inhibited the Evans blue dye leakage in peritoneal cavity elicited by acetic acid. Moreover, THC and OHC treatments were more effective than CUR in selectively inhibiting the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and suppressing nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways via transforming growth factor ß activated kinase-1 (TAK1) inactivation in the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema model.

2.
J Bone Oncol ; 11: 10-16, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892520

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS), a rare variant of osteosarcoma, may be easily misdiagnosed as aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC). The aims of this study were to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic factors of TOS by reviewing our experience with TOS and to develop a diagnostic model that may distinguish TOS from ABC. Materials and methods: We identified 51 cases of TOS treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from March 2001 to January 2016 and reviewed their records, imaging information and pathological studies. A diagnostic model was developed to differentiate TOS and ABC by Bayes discriminant analysis and was evaluated. The log-rank test was used to analyze the prognostic factors of TOS and to compare the outcome differences between TOS and other high-grade osteosarcoma subtypes. Results: The multi-disciplinary diagnostic method employed that combined clinical, imaging, and pathological studies enhanced the diagnostic accuracy. Age 18 years or younger and pathologic fracture were more common among the TOS patients than among the ABC patients (P = .004 and .005, respectively). The average white blood cell (WBC), platelet, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) values of the TOS patients were higher than those of the ABC patients (P = .002, .003, .007, and .007, respectively). Our diagnostic model, including the aforementioned factors, accurately predicted 62% and 78% of the TOS patients in the training and validation sets, respectively. The 5-year estimates of event-free survival and overall survival of the TOS patients were 52.5 ± 9.4% and 54.9 ± 8.8%, respectively, which were similar to those of patients with other osteosarcoma subtypes (P = .950 and .615, respectively). Tumor volume and the LDH level were predictive prognostic factors (P = .040 and .044) but not the presence of pathologic fracture or misdiagnosis (P = .424 and .632, all respectively). Conclusions: The multi-disciplinary diagnostic method and diagnostic model based on predictive factors, i.e., age, the presence of pathologic fracture, and platelet, LDH, ALP and WBC levels, aided the differentiation of TOS and ABC. Smaller tumors and normal LDH levels were associated with better outcomes.

3.
Iran J Pharm Res ; 14(1): 15-26, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25561908

RESUMO

The present study investigates the possibility of using poloxamers as solubility and dissolution rate enhancing agents of poorly water soluble bioactive constituent patchouli alcohol (PA) that can be used for the preparation of immediate release pellets formulation. Two commercially available grades poloxamer 188 (P 188) and poloxamer 407 (P 407) were selected, and solid dispersions (SDs) containing different weight ratio of PA and poloxamers, and the combination of P 188 and P 407 as dispersing carriers of ternary solid dispersions (tSDs) were prepared by a low temperature melting method and solidified rapidly by dropping into the 10-15 °C condensing agent atoleine. Both PA/P 188 and PA/P 407 binary solid dispersions (bSDs) could remarkably promote the dissolution rate of PA, increasing approximately 16 times in bSDs with poloxamers in comparison with pure PA within 180 min. P188 contributed to a faster dissolution rate than P 407, however, P 407 had a better solubility. It is interesting to note that the incorporation of P 188 in PA/P 407 bSD pellets could strongly enhance the dissolution rate of PA. DSC and FTIR were used to explore the characteristics of PA-SD pellets. The enhancement of dissolution from the SDs may be attributed partly to the reduction in particle size in PA crystalline due to the formation of eutectic system with poloxamers. Moreover, a simple, accurate in-vitro dissolution test method for volatility drug was established, and the process of PA-SD pellets preparation was simple, rapid, cost effective, uncomplicated and potentially scalable.

4.
Rejuvenation Res ; 16(5): 404-13, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23822553

RESUMO

Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is believed to be the major cause of skin damage that results in premature aging of the skin, so called photoaging, characterized by increases in skin thickness, formation of wrinkles, and loss of skin elasticity. UV induces damage to skin mainly by oxidative stress and collagen degradation. In this study, we examined the photo-protective effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), a major active chemical component isolated from Carthamus tinctorius L., by topical application on the skin of mice. Exposure of the dorsal depilated skin of mice to UV radiation four times a week for 10 weeks induced epidermal hyperplasia, elastin accumulation, collagen degradation, etc. HSYA at the doses of 50, 100, and 200 µg/mouse was topically applied immediately following each UV exposure. The effects of HSYA were evaluated by a series of tests, including macroscopic and histopathological evaluation of skin, pinch test, and redox homeostasis of skin homogenates. Results showed that the UV-induced skin damage was significantly improved after HSYA treatment, especially at doses of 100 and 200 µg/mouse. This protective effect is possibly related to the anti-oxidative property of HSYA and mediated by promoting endogenous collagen synthesis. This is the first study providing preclinical evidence for the protective effect of HSYA against photoaging.


Assuntos
Chalcona/análogos & derivados , Quinonas/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Pele/patologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalcona/química , Chalcona/isolamento & purificação , Chalcona/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Epiderme/efeitos dos fármacos , Epiderme/patologia , Epiderme/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/isolamento & purificação , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Testes Cutâneos , Coloração e Rotulagem
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