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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130122, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303353

RESUMO

Mutual interference issues between heavy metal ions tremendously affect the detection reliability and accuracy in water quality analysis, especially the serious interference of Cu(II) on the detection of As(III) is greatly hard to overcome, which needs to be solved urgently. Herein, iron single-atom catalysts with different coordination structures of FeN2C2 and FeN3P are constructed to selectively catalyze the detection of As(III) in the coexistence of Cu(II). FeN3P achieves a high sensitivity of 3.90 µA ppb-1 toward As(III) in NH4Cl/NH3·H2O electrolyte (pH 8.0), completely avoiding Cu(II)-interference. Moreover, the turnover frequency (TOF) of FeN3P is an order of magnitude higher than that of FeN2C2. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrate that an As-O bond of H3AsO3 is broken by the strong affinities between both P and O atoms and Fe and As atoms, and H3AsO3 are preferentially reduced by FeN3P during adsorptive process. Meanwhile, the low reaction energy barrier of the rate-determined step for As(III) reduction over FeN3P also accelerates the deposition of As(III) and enhances its response signals. The free-Cu(II) are difficult to adsorb on FeN3P and do not compete with As(III) for Fe active sites, which contributes to the excellent anti-Cu(II) interference capability.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130143, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252403

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are frequently released in aqueous phase by oil spill or from other sources, and photochemical oxidation is one of their major weathering processes. In this study, the photochemical behavior of phenanthrene (PHE, as a representative PAH) were studied and the effects of nitrogenous compounds were evaluated. The results showed that nitrate was an effective photosensitizer for improving the photodegradation of PHE, but the promoting effect was less effective in seawater due to the presence of halogen ions; the ammonia played a negligible role on PHE degradation. The photochemical ionization was a key process for PHE degradation, it can be retarded due to the quenching of triplet excited state by dissolved oxygen, and the inhibition was most prominent in fresh water. The presence of nitrate increased the steady state concentration of •OH from 2.08 × 10-15 M to 1.04 × 10-14 M in fresh water, and from 1.5 × 10-16 M to 2.08 × 10-15 M in seawater. The secondary-order reaction rate constant between PHE and •OH (k•OH,PHE) was determined as 5.70 × 109 M-1 s-1. Similar trend was observed for 1O2. The contribution of •OH to PHE removal was more prominent in fresh water than in seawater due to the quenching effects of halogen, and the increasing of nitrate enlarged the contribution of •OH. Two possible PHE degradation pathways were proposed based on GC-MS analysis and DFT calculation. The Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship (QSAR) evaluation showed that some degradation intermediates were more toxic than PHE, but the total environmental risk was still diminished due to the low percentage of toxic intermediates. This study provided theoretical and experimental insights into the influence of nitrogenous compounds on the photodegradation of PHAs in water environment.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Fotólise , Nitratos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Compostos Orgânicos , Água/química , Óxidos de Nitrogênio , Nutrientes/análise , Halogênios
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130241, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308929

RESUMO

Mining activities in metal mine areas cause serious environmental pollution, thereby imposing stresses to soil ecosystems. Investigating the ecological pattern underlying contaminated soil microbial diversity is essential to understand ecosystem responses to environment changes. Here we collected 624 soil samples from 49 representative metal mines across eastern China and analyzed their soil microbial diversity and biogeographic patterns by using 16 S rRNA gene amplicons. The results showed that deterministic factors dominated in regulating the microbial community in non-contaminated and contaminated soils. Soil pH played a key role in climatic influences on the heavy metal-contaminated soil microbial community. A core microbiome consisting of 25 taxa, which could be employed for the restoration of contaminated soils, was identified. Unlike the non-contaminated soil, stochastic processes were important in shaping the heavy metal-contaminated soil microbial community. The largest source of variations in the soil microbial community was land use type. This result suggests that varied specific ecological remediation strategy ought to be developed for differed land use types. These findings will enhance our understanding of the microbial responses to anthropogenically induced environmental changes and will further help to improve the practices of soil heavy metal contamination remediation.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/análise , China
4.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 179-193, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663336

RESUMO

Significant progress has been made in designing bone materials capable of directing endogenous cells to promote vascularized bone regeneration. However, current strategies lack regulation of the specific endogenous cell populations for vascularized bone regeneration, thus leading to adverse tissue formation and decreased regenerative efficiency. Here, we engineered a biomaterial to regulate endogenous cell adhesion and promote vascularized bone regeneration. The biomaterial works by presenting two synthetic ligands, LLP2A and LXW7, explicitly targeting integrins α4ß1 and αvß3, respectively, expressed on the surfaces of the cells related to bone formation and vascularization, such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), osteoblasts, endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and endothelial cells (ECs). In vitro, the LLP2A/LXW7 modified biomaterial improved the adhesion of MSCs, osteoblasts, EPCs, and ECs via integrin α4ß1 and αvß3, respectively. In an adult rat calvarial bone defect model, the LLP2A/LXW7 modified biomaterial enhanced bone formation and vascularization by synergistically regulating endogenous cells with osteogenic and angiogenic potentials, such as DLX5+ cells, osteocalcin+ cells, CD34+/CD45- cells and CD31+ cells. In a fetal sheep spinal bone defect model, the LLP2A/LXW7 modified biomaterial augmented bone formation and vascularization without any adverse effects. This innovative biomaterial offers an off-the-shelf, easy-to-use, and biologically safe product suitable for vascularized bone regeneration in both fetal and adult disease environments.

5.
Food Chem ; 400: 134006, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058041

RESUMO

The interaction between high-density lipoprotein hydrolysate hydrolyzed by trypsin (EHT) and carboxymethyl dextrin (CMD) at pH 7.0, and in vitro digestibility of high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) were studied. The particle size of EHT/CMD mixtures increased from 207.2 nm to 1229.6 nm with increase of the ratio of EHT to CMD from 8:1 to 1:2. The proportion of EHT adsorbed on the surface increased from 60.83 % to 80.81 %, forming thicker interfacial layer, exhibiting higher resistance to centrifugation and ionic strength. And more uniform proton density distribution and shorter relaxation time (T2) were charactered in HIPEs formed by mixtures. Rheological analysis further proved that CMD could lead to high viscosity, high elasticity, excellent oscillation performance of HIPEs. The spatial and electrostatic repulsion forces reduced the aggregation of oil droplets and promoted the formation of more mixed micelles, improving the bioaccessibility of curcumin. These findings provided theoretical strategies for lipid-soluble nutrients delivery systems.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Adsorção , Dextrinas , Emulsões , Lipoproteínas HDL , Micelas , Tamanho da Partícula , Prótons , Tripsina
6.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 13: 100219, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437886

RESUMO

A novel carbon quantum dots decorated C-doped α-Bi2O3 photocatalyst (CBO/CQDs) was synthesized by solvothermal method. The synergistic effect of adsorption and photocatalysis highly improved contaminants removal efficiencies. The ceftriaxone sodium degradation rate constant (k) of CBO/CQDs was 11.4 and 3.2 times that of pure α-Bi2O3 and C-doped α-Bi2O3, respectively. The interstitial carbon doping generated localized states above the valence band, which enhanced the utilization of visible light and facilitated the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes; the loading of CQDs improved the charge carrier separation and extended the visible light response; the reduced particle size of CBO/CQDs accelerated the migration of photogenerated carriers. The •O2 - and h+ were identified as the dominant reactive species in ceftriaxone sodium degradation, and the key role of •O2 - was further investigated by NBT transformation experiments. The Fukui index was applied to ascertain the molecular bonds of ceftriaxone sodium susceptible to radical attack, and intermediates analysis was conducted to explore the possible degradation pathways. The toxicity evaluation revealed that some degradation intermediates possessed high toxicity, thus the contaminants require sufficient mineralization to ensure safe discharge. The present study makes new insights into synchronous carbon dopping and CQDs decoration on modification of α-Bi2O3, which provides references for future studies.

7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1237: 340616, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442942

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A(OTA), a highly toxic mycotoxin commonly found in food, poses a serious threat to health even at low concentrations. Developing a sensitive, accurate, simple, and cost-effective detection method is of great significance for food safety and quality control. Herein, a triple cascade amplification strategy was used to construct the colorimetric assay for the detection of OTA, where the amplification process consists of an entropy-driven DNA circuit (EDC), a catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA), and Mg2+-assisted DNAzyme catalysis (MNAzyme). Through the specific binding of ochratoxin A (OTA) and its aptamer, an initiator strand is released to initiate upstream EDC and then produce a new trigger unit that motivates downstream CHA to generate MNAzyme, which further cleaves the substrate strand to induce the formation of G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme as a signal readout. The aptasensor was shown to detect OTA, with a low detection limit of 8.7 fM and good selectivity. The developed method could be used as a highly colorimetric aptasensor for the detection of OTA in spiked rice samples.


Assuntos
DNA Catalítico , Quadruplex G , Ocratoxinas , Colorimetria
8.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134590, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444015

RESUMO

The pea protein isolate nanoparticles/octenyl succinic anhydride linear dextrin (PPINs/OSA-LD) composite particles were fabricated by heating at acidic condition. Heating treatment not only made OSA-LD dissolve, but also promoted the hydrophobic interactions between PPINs and OSA-LD. With the increase of OSA-LD content, the average diameter of composite particles decreased due to the avoidance of hydrophobic aggregation between PPINs during heating, and the composite particles became more compact and regular. The high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) stabilized by composite particles exhibited smaller droplet size, higher viscosity and modulus attributing to the formation of denser interfacial layer. The results of low field nuclear magnetic resonance proved that the HIPEs stabilized by composite particles showed more uniform distribution of water and oil. This work provided a facile method to fabricate composite particles, which had excellent capacity to stabilize the HIPEs.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Proteínas de Ervilha , Emulsões , Dextrinas , Calefação
9.
Cancer Lett ; 553: 215971, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257380

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is a malignant tumor that seriously threatens women's health. Due to the difficulty of early diagnosis, most patients exhibit advanced disease or peritoneal metastasis at diagnosis. We discovered that IFFO1 is a novel tumor suppressor, but its role in tumorigenesis, development and chemoresistance is unknown. In this study, IFFO1 levels were downregulated across cancers, leading to the acceleration of tumor development, metastasis and/or cisplatin resistance. Overexpression of IFFO1 inhibited the translocation of ß-catenin to the nucleus and decreased tumor metastasis and cisplatin resistance. Furthermore, we demonstrated that IFFO1 was regulated at both the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. At the transcriptional level, the recruitment of HDAC5 inhibited IFFO1 expression, which is mediated by the transcription factor YY1, and the METTL3/YTHDF2 axis regulated the mRNA stability of IFFO1 in an m6A-dependent manner. Mice injected with IFFO1-overexpressing cells had lower ascites volumes and tumor weights throughout the peritoneal cavity than those injected with parental cells expressing the vector control. In conclusion, we demonstrated that IFFO1 is a novel tumor suppressor that inhibits tumor metastasis and reverses drug resistance in ovarian cancer. IFFO1 was downregulated at both the transcriptional level and posttranscriptional level by histone deacetylase and RNA methylation, respectively, and the IFFO1 signaling pathway was identified as a potential therapeutic target for cancer.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proteínas de Filamentos Intermediários , Metiltransferases , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Adenosina/farmacologia , Carcinogênese , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Filamentos Intermediários/genética , Proteínas de Filamentos Intermediários/metabolismo
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130253, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327843

RESUMO

The increasing demand for Rare Earth Elements (REEs) and the depletion of mineral resources motivate sustainable strategies for REE recovery from alternative unconventional sources, such as REE hyperaccumulator. The greatest impediment to REE agromining is the difficulty in the separation of REEs and other elements from the harvested biomass (bio-ore). Here, we develop a sulfuric acid assisted ethanol fractionation method for processing D. linearis bio-ore to produce the pure REE compounds and value-added chemicals. The results show that 94.5% of REEs and 87.4% of Ca remained in the solid phase, and most of the impurities (Al, Fe, Mg, and Mn) transferred to the liquid phase. Density functional theory calculations show that the water-cation bonds of REEs and Ca cations were broken more easily than the bonds of the cations of key impurities, causing lower solubility of REEs and Ca compounds. Subsequent separation and purification led to a REE-oxide (REO) product with a purity of 97.1% and a final recovery of 88.9%. In addition, lignin and phenols were obtained during organosolv fractionation coupled with a fast pyrolysis process. This new approach opens up the possibility for simultaneous selective recovery of REEs and to produce value-added chemicals from REE bio-ore refining.


Assuntos
Metais Terras Raras , Traqueófitas , Metais Terras Raras/química , Água
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 444(Pt A): 130385, 2023 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403447

RESUMO

Atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) mainly contributes to Pb accumulation in the edible leaves of Chinese cabbage in North China. It was found that a low-Pb-accumulation (LPA) genotype of Chinese cabbage contained less Pb in leaves than high-Pb-accumulation (HPA) genotype exposed to PM2.5-Pb. However, there are no data on the transcriptional regulatory mechanisms of foliar PM2.5-Pb uptake by Chinese cabbage. The present study investigated the retention of PM2.5-Pb in foliar apoplast and symplasm and the underlying molecular mechanisms of reduced Pb in LPA leaves. It appeared more Pb in apoplast and less Pb in symplasm of LPA leaves, whereas the pattern was opposite in HPA. There were 2646 and 3095 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in LPA and HPA leaves under PM2.5-Pb stress with clearly genotype-specific function, respectively. Furthermore, mRNA levels of XTH16 regulating cell wall thickening, PME2 and PME6 involved in cell wall remodification were significantly expressed in LPA, but not in HPA. Meanwhile, foliar PM2.5-Pb stress downregulated expression of ZIP1, YSL1, and CNGC3 responsible for Pb influx to cell, and upregulated expression of ABCG36 regulated Pb efflux from symplasm in LPA leaves. These results improve our understanding to the mechanisms underlying foliar Pb uptake from PM2.5-Pb at transcriptomic level.


Assuntos
Brassica , Transcriptoma , Chumbo , Genótipo , China , Material Particulado , Brassica/genética
12.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137009, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326516

RESUMO

In this work, the different selectivity of SO4•- and •OH towards municipal solid waste incineration leachates (MSWILs) was studied by a comparative study of UV/persulfate (PS) and UV/H2O2. Results showed SO4•- preferentially mineralized carbon atoms of higher average oxidation state, while •OH showed a two-stage mechanism of partial oxidation and mineralization successively. Electron spin resonance (ESR) analysis showed SO4•- had superior selectivity towards MSWILs than •OH, and Fe(II) would significantly affect the selectivity via forming Fe-MSWILs complex. As the consequence, Fe(II) showed slightly negative effect on UV/PS, but greatly enhanced the performance of UV/H2O2/Fe(II). High concentration of Cl- affected the degradation of non-fluorescent substances by UV/PS, while SO42- and NO3- showed no effect. In contrast, anions showed no effect on UV/H2O2. In addition, •OH preferentially attacked large molecules, but SO4•- showed no selectivity. This study further revealed the selectivity of SO4•- and •OH in the treatment of hypersaline wastewater, and provided theoretical support for the development of targeted technology.


Assuntos
Resíduos Sólidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Incineração , Raios Ultravioleta , Oxirredução , Compostos Ferrosos , Sulfatos
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159127, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181798

RESUMO

Green roof, as a popular low impact development practice, has become important to mitigate adverse impacts of future climate change on urban stormwater. However, there is limited information regarding assessment of the effectiveness of green roofs in response to uncertain future climate change challenges. In this study, the validated model was used to simulate the reduction performance of green roofs on urban catchment outflow and assess their cost-effectiveness in response to design storms under climate change scenarios. Results showed that the median runoff volume of urban catchments increased by 12.5 %-14.6 % and 15.5 %-18.1 % and the median peak flow rate increased by 14.4 %-17.8 % and 17.9 %-22.1 % under SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios, respectively. This indicated the variability of runoff volume and peak flow changes for short return storm events caused by climate change was relatively high. Green roof implementation had reasonable mitigation effects on runoff volume and peak flow amplification in urban catchments caused by climate change. The median runoff volume reduction of green roofs for the 1-year storm was 15.2 % under SSP2-4.5 scenario. As rainfall intensity increased, the median runoff volume reduction of green roofs significantly declined to 5.6 % for the 100-year storm. However, the variations of runoff volume and peak flow reduction of green roofs were relatively smaller for longer return periods under climate change scenarios. Runoff reduction percentages of green roofs increased linearly with their implementation cost. The average value of the cost-effectiveness (C/E) index for green roofs was 91.2 %/million $ under base climate condition, and it decreased to 88.9 %/million $ and 88.4 %/million $ for SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios, respectively. The C/E values decreased with increasing storm return period, and the values were relatively lower in SSP5-8.5 scenarios. These results could help to understand the potential role of green roofs to mitigate the impacts of future climate change.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Movimentos da Água , Hidrologia , Chuva , Análise Custo-Benefício , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
14.
Chemosphere ; 312(Pt 1): 137171, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370755

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA), an important environmental pollutant, is known to damage reproductive development. However, the underlying epigenetic mechanism in Leydig cells during BPA exposure has not been explored in detail. In this study, TM3 Leydig cells were treated with BPA (0, 20, 40 and 80 µM) for 72 h. The differentially expressed TET1 cell model was constructed to explore the mechanism of BPA-induced cytotoxicity. Results showed that BPA exposure significantly inhibited cell viability and increased apoptosis of TM3 Leydig cells. Meanwhile, the mRNA of TET1, Cav3.2 and Cav3.3 decreased significantly with the increase of BPA exposure. Importantly, TET1 significantly promoted proliferation of TM3 Leydig cells and inhibited apoptosis. Differentially expressed TET1 significantly affected BPA-induced toxicity in TM3 Leydig cells. Notably, TET1 elevated the mRNA levels of Cav3.2 and Cav3.3. MeDIP and hMeDIP confirmed that TET1 regulated the expression of Cav3.3 through DNA hydroxymethylation. Our study firstly presented that TET1 participated in BPA-induced toxicity in TM3 Leydig cells through regulating Cav3.3 hydroxymethylation modification. These findings suggest that TET1 acts as a potential epigenetic marker for reproductive toxicity induced by BPA exposure and may provide a new direction for the research on male reproductive damage.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160586, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine associations of daily averages and daily variations in ambient relative humidity (RH), temperature, and PM2.5 on the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to retrospectively recruit 8628 subjects in a sleep center between January 2015 and December 2021, including 1307 control (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) < 5 events/h), 3661 mild-to-moderate OSA (AHI of 5-30 events/h), and 3597 severe OSA subjects (AHI > 30 events/h). A logistic regression was used to examine the odds ratio (OR) of outcome variables (daily mean or difference in RH, temperature, and PM2.5 for 1, 7, and 30 days) with OSA severity (by the groups). Two-factor logistic regression models were conducted to examine the OR of RH with the daily mean or difference in temperature or PM2.5 with OSA severity. An exposure-response relationship analysis was conducted to examine the outcome variables with OSA severity in all, cold and warm seasons. RESULTS: We observed associations of mean PM2.5 and RH with respective increases of 0.04-0.08 and 0.01-0.03 events/h for the AHI in OSA patients. An increase in the daily difference of 1 % RH increased the AHI by 0.02-0.03 events/h in OSA patients. A daily PM2.5 decrease of 1 µg/m3 reduced the AHI by 0.03 events/h, whereas a daily decrease in the RH of 1 % reduced the AHI by 0.03-0.04 events/h. The two-factor model confirmed the most robust associations of ambient RH with AHI in OSA patients. The exposure-response relationship in temperature and RH showed obviously seasonal patterns with OSA severity. CONCLUSION: Short-term ambient variations in RH and PM2.5 were associated with changes in the AHI in OSA patients, especially RH in cold season. Reducing exposure to high ambient RH and PM2.5 levels may have protective effects on the AHI in OSA patients.

16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(12): e0010940, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global spread of infectious diseases is currently a prominent threat to public health, with the accelerating pace of globalization and frequent international personnel intercourse. The present study examined the epidemiological characteristics of overseas imported cases of acute infectious diseases in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the distribution of diseases, demographic characteristics, and temporal and spatial variations of imported cases of acute infectious diseases in Guangzhou based on the surveillance data of notifiable infectious diseases from 2005 to 2019, provided by Guangzhou center for Disease Control and Prevention. The Cochran-Armitage trend test was applied to examine the trend in the number of imported cases over time. RESULTS: A total of 1,025 overseas imported cases of acute infectious diseases were identified during the study period. The top three diseases were dengue (67.12%), malaria (12.39%), and influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 (4.10%). Imported cases were predominantly males, with a sex ratio of 2.6: 1 and 75.22% of the cases were those aged 20-49 years. Businessmen, workers, students and unemployed persons accounted for a large proportion of the cases (68.49%) and many of the cases came from Southeast Asia (59.02%). The number of imported cases of acute infectious diseases increased during the study period and hit 318 in 2019. A clear seasonal pattern was observed in the number of imported cases with a peak period between June and November. Imported cases were reported in all of the 11 districts in Guangzhou and the central districts were more seriously affected compared with other districts. CONCLUSIONS: The burden of dengue imported from overseas was substantial and increasing in Guangzhou, China, with the peak period from June to November. Dengue was the most common imported disease. Most imported cases were males aged 20-49 years and businessmen. Further efforts, such as strengthening surveillance of imported cases, paying close attention to the epidemics in hotspots, and improving the ability to detect the imported cases from overseas, are warranted to control infectious diseases especially in the center of the city with a higher population density highly affected by imported cases.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160382, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460111

RESUMO

Semiconducting minerals (such as iron sulfides) are highly abundant in surface water, but their influences on the natural photochemical process of contaminants are still unknown. By simulating the natural water environment under solar irradiation, this work comprehensively investigated the photochemical processes of anthracene (a typical Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) in both freshwater and seawater. The results show that the natural pyrite (NP) significantly promotes the degradation of anthracene under solar illumination via 1) NP induced photocatalytic degradation of anthracene, and 2) Fenton reaction due to the NP induced photocatalytic generation of H2O2. The material characterization and theoretical calculation reveal that the natural impurity in NP enlarges its band gap, which limits the utilization of solar spectra to shorter wavelength. The contribution of generated reactive intermediates on anthracene degradation follows the order of 1O2 >OH > O2- in freshwater and O2- >1O2 >OH in seawater. The photochemically generated H2O2 is a vital source for OH generation (from Fenton reaction). The steady-state concentration of OH, 1O2 and O2- in freshwater were monitored as 3.0 × 10-15 M, 1.1 × 10-13 M, and 4.5 × 10-14 M, respectively. However, the OH concentration in seawater can be negligible due to the quenching effects by halides, and the 1O2 and O2- concentrations are higher than that in freshwater. An anthracene degradation kinetic model was built based on the experimentally determined reactive intermediates concentration and its second order rate constant with anthracene. Moreover, the anthracene degradation pathway was proposed based on intermediates analysis and DFT calculation, and its toxicity evolution during the photochemical process was assessed by quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) based prediction. This finding suggests that the natural semiconducting minerals can affect the fate and environmental risks of contaminants in natural water.

18.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 45(6): 1167-1175, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462787

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effect of chronic endometritis on patients with infertility, the necessity of endometrial re-examination and the effect of improving chronic endometritis after one cycle of antibiotic treatment on pregnancy outcomes? DESIGN: Infertile patients (n = 4003) who underwent IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment were included. Pregnancy outcomes of groups positive for chronic endometritis were compared with groups that were negative (group 1). Patients that were positive were divided into the chronic endometritis new biopsy group (group 2) and chronic endometritis non-re-examination group (group 3). After doxycycline treatment and re-examination, the chronic endometritis new biopsy group was divided into improved chronic endometritis group (ICE) and not-improved chronic endometritis group (NICE), and their general indicators and reproductive outcomes were compared. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in embryo implantation, early or late pregnancy loss, ectopic pregnancy, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates between groups 2 and 3. The clinical pregnancy and live birth rates in the NICE group were significantly lower than those in the ICE group (P = 0.008 and P = 0.001, respectively). After controlling for potential confounding factors, age, average number of high-quality embryos, endometrial thickness on the day of embryo transfer and number and type of embryo transfer were factors associated with live birth rates. CONCLUSIONS: Endometrial re-examination of women with chronic endometritis treated with doxycycline had no effect on pregnancy outcomes. The first cycle of doxycycline treatment could effectively improve reproductive outcomes of women with five or more CD138+ cells/high-power field.


Assuntos
Endometrite , Infertilidade , Masculino , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Endometrite/complicações , Endometrite/tratamento farmacológico , Sêmen , Biópsia , Reprodução
19.
RSC Adv ; 12(46): 29709-29718, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321077

RESUMO

In this paper, silver niobate (AgNbO3) material was synthesized by a solid-state reaction. AgNbO3 was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) measurement. The photocatalytic activity of AgNbO3 was investigated in degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) under visible light, which is a widely used antibiotic with significant threats towards health and aquatic organisms. Persulfate (PS) oxidant was found to improve the efficiency of the proposed photocatalytic removal of SMX by AgNbO3. The different operational parameters in the AgNbO3/PS/Vis system were investigated. The best photocatalytic performance was achieved with 0.5 g L-1 AgNbO3, 1.0 mM PS, and pH = 5.0 as the optimal conditions, achieving 98% of SMX degradation after 8 h of visible-light irradiation. Scavenger and electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments were carried out to identify the major reactive species in the SMX degradation and to propose the photocatalytic mechanism by the AgNbO3/PS/Vis system. The photodecomposition was found to be majorly caused by holes and ˙O2 - species, with ˙OH and SO4˙- radicals contributing to improve the photocatalytic process. The AgNbO3 catalyst was stable and reusable with efficient photocatalytic activity in three successive recycling experiments and its XRD patterns remained virtually unchanged. The reported process of PS activation by the AgNbO3 photocatalyst is promising for visible-light application in remediation of antibiotic-contaminated water.

20.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(21): 4648-4657, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341289

RESUMO

Thanks to their excellent compatibility with the complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process, antiferroelectric (AFE) HfO2/ZrO2-based thin films have emerged as potential candidates for high-performance on-chip energy storage capacitors of miniaturized energy-autonomous systems. However, increasing the energy storage density (ESD) of capacitors has been a great challenge. In this work, we propose the fabrication of ferroelectric (FE) Hf0.5Zr0.5O2/AFE Hf0.25Zr0.75O2 bilayer nanofilms by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition for high ESD capacitors with TiN electrodes. The effects of the FE/AFE thickness composition and annealing conditions are investigated, revealing that the Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (1 nm)/Hf0.25Zr0.75O2 (9 nm) bilayer can generate the optimal ESD after optimized annealing at 450 °C for 30 min. This is mainly ascribed to the factor that the introduction of a 1 nm Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 layer enhances the formation of the tetragonal (T) phase with antiferroelectricity in the AFE Hf0.25Zr0.75O2 layer as well as the breakdown electric field of the bilayer while fixing the FE/AFE bilayer thickness at 10 nm. As a result, a ESD as high as 71.95 J cm-3 can be obtained together with an energy storage efficiency (ESE) of 57.8%. Meanwhile, with increasing the measurement temperature from 300 and 425 K, the capacitor also demonstrates excellent stabilities of ESD and ESE. In addition, superior electrical cycling endurance is also demonstrated. Further, by integrating the capacitor into deep silicon trenches, a superhigh ESD of 364.1 J cm-3 is achieved together with an ESE of 56.5%. This work provides an effective way for developing CMOS process-compatible, eco-friendly and superhigh ESD three-dimensional capacitors for on-chip energy storage applications.

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