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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 766-770, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517458

RESUMO

Objective: To study the relationship between serum HBV pgRNA and antigen status in patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with long-term nucleotide analogues, and to elucidate the reason and possible mechanism of high relapse rate in antiviral therapy of nucleotide analogues in chronic hepatitis B. Methods: 94 patients with chronic hepatitis B who had been treated with long-term antiviral therapy with nucleotide analogues (more than 2 years) were divided into 5 groups according to their HBeAg and HBsAg levels: e antigen positive group(group1), e antigen negative and HBsAg > 1 500 IU/L group(group2), e antigen negative and 100 IU/L< HBsAg < 1 500 IU/L group(group3), e antigen negative and HBsAg < 100 IU/L group(group4), e antigen negative and HBsAg negative group(group5). The level and detection rate of HBVpgRNA in different antigen states groups were analyzed and compared. In addition, in order to exclude the influence of other factors on the results of this study. The study was divided into groups according to age, gender and treatment time. Results: The detection rate of HBVpgRNA was 95.0% in patients with e antigen positive, while 43.2% in patients with e antigen seroconversion, which was significantly lower than that in patients with e antigen positive (P < 0.05). The detection rate of serum HBVpgRNA was 95.0% in e antigen positive group, 75.0% in group 2, 65.0% in e antigen negative with group 3, 15.0% in group 4 and 0% in group 5. Among them, group 1, group 2 and group 3 was significantly higher than that in group 4 and group 5. There was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). However, there was no difference in the positive rate of serum HBV pgRNA among group 1, group 2 and group 3 (P > 0.05). Similarly, there was no difference in the positive rate of serum HBV pgRNA between group 4 and group 5 (P > 0.05). Moreover, the detection rate of serum HBV pgRNA was not correlated with age, gender and treatment time of nucleotide analogues (P > 0.05). Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between the serological antigen status and the presence of HBV pgRNA in chronic hepatitis B after long-term treatment of nucleotide analogues. The persistence of HBV pgRNA is closely related to the low seroconversion rate of e antigen and the high level of HBsAg. HBV pgRNA can be used as one of the biomarkers to judge the transcription activity and replication status of HBV cccDNA in liver.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , DNA Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , RNA
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 866-872, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530593

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of pro-urokinase and reteplase in the treatment of patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: STEMI patients, who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy in Henan STEMI registry between September 2016 and August 2018, were eligible for this study. A total of 5479 patients from 66 hospitals were screened and patients were divided into pro-urokinase group (n=638) and reteplase group (n=702) according to thrombolytic drugs. Data including patient demographics, risk factors, medical histories, patient information at admission, in-hospital treatment, time delays, and clinical events were collected. The clinical recanalization rate, in-hospital mortality, in-hospital death or treatment withdrawal, in-hospital main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, death or treatment withdrawal, congestive heart failure, reinfarction and ischemic stroke) and post-thrombolysis bleeding were compared between the two groups. Bleeding events were evaluated with Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria. Results: The median age [61.8 (53.2, 69.0) vs. 62.6 (52.1, 69.8), P=0.833] or the proportion of women [23.0% (147/638) vs. 25.1% (176/702), P=0.385] were similar between the pro-urokinase and reteplase groups. Clinical recanalization rates were similar between the pro-urokinase and reteplase groups [82.1% (524/638) vs. 84.9% (596/702), P=0.172], and there was no difference in the median time from onset to thrombolysis [194.5 (135.0,290.0) min vs. 190 (126.0,292.0) min, P=0.431] and the median recanalization time [95 (67.5,120.0) min vs. 95 (71.0,119.0) min, P=0.561] between the two groups. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality [5.5% (35/638) vs. 5.1% (36/702), P =0.770], in-hospital all-cause mortality, treatment withdrawal [8.9% (57/638) vs.7.7% (54/702), P=0.410], and in-hospital MACCE [13.0% (83/638) vs. 10.4% (73/702), P=0.137] between pro-urokinase and reteplase groups. However, the incidence of post-thrombolysis bleeding was significantly higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group [7.8% (55/702) vs. 3.8% (24/638), P=0.002]. Further analysis found that the incidence of oral bleeding and the BARC grades 1-2 bleeding were significantly higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group, whereas the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage was similar between the two groups [0.6% (4/638) vs. 0.4% (3/702), P=0.715]. The comparison of efficacy and safety outcomes between the two groups after adjusting for baseline characteristics using general linear mixed models was consistent with those before the adjustment. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality, in-hospital death or treatment withdrawal, in-hospital MACCE after adjusting for baseline characteristics and post-thrombolysis bleeding between the two groups. Conclusions: Pro-urokinase and reteplase have similar clinical efficacy in the treatment of STEMI. In terms of safety, the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage is similar, while the incidence of BARC grades 1-2 bleeding and oral bleeding is higher in reteplase group than in pro-urokinase group, which has no impact on in-hospital outcomes.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Resultado do Tratamento , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 859-864, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587683

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and the features of electroencephalograph (EEG) of children with DEPDC5 gene variants related epilepsy. Methods: The clinical data, gene variation, EEG and head magnetic resonance image (MRI) of 20 epileptic children with DEPDC5 gene variants admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from May 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Twenty patients with heterozygous DEPDC5 gene variants were enrolled, 8 of 20 patients were nonsense variants, 6 were missense variants, 3 were frame-shift variants, 2 were splicing variants, and 1 was large fragment deletion. Sixteen cases had hereditary variation and 4 had de novo variation. Fifteen of variations were novel. Nine were male, while 11 were female. Their latest follow-up age ranged from 10 months to 13 years and one month.The epilepsy onset age ranged from 3 hours to 11 years and 3 months, the median age was 10.5 months. Twelve (60%) patients had developmental delay. Nineteen patients had focal seizures, 7 had epileptic spasms, 1 had multiple seizure types including tonic, atypical absence, dystonic and myoclonic seizures. Epileptic form discharges were observed in 18 patients during the interictal phase, and 11 were focal discharges, 7 were multifocal discharges. Ten (50%) patients had abnormal brain MRI, including focal cortical dysplasia in 5 patients, undefined malformation of cortical development in 4 patients, hemimegalencephaly in 1 patient. Four patients were diagnosed as West syndrome and one patient was diagnosed as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Fourteen (70%) patients were diagnosed as drug-resistant epilepsy. Four patients became seizure-free by treatment with anti-epileptic drugs. Three children were treated with surgery, and 2 of them became seizure-free, 1 had more than 75% reduction in seizures. Conclusions: DEPDC5 gene variant epilepsy is inherited with incomplete penetrance and focal seizure is the major seizure type. However, epileptic spasms, generalized seizures can also be observed. Half of the patients brain malformations. Most of the patients are drug-resistant epilepsy. Patients with clear epileptogenic zones can be treated with surgery. Treatment-resistant patients are more likely to be complicated with developmental delay.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Espasmos Infantis , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2878-2884, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587728

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the daily incidence of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) and meteorological parameters in the main urban area of Chongqing. Methods: This study took 3 107 children hospitalized with acute lower respiratory tract infections from June 2009 to June 2019 in department of Respiratory medicine, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (CHCMU). Nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) was collected on the day of admission to detect HRSV and common respiratory virus; combined with the meteorological data of the main urban area of ​​Chongqing during the same period, the correlation and distribution lag nonlinear model analysis of the daily incidence of HRSV and meteorological parameters were carried out. Results: Among 3 107 children, HRSV positive accounted for 34.53% (1 073 cases), the age was 6 (3, 13) months, and males accounted for 64.31% (690 cases). The daily incidence of HRSV was negatively correlated with minimum temperature (r=-0.220, P<0.001), maximum temperature (r=-0.221, P<0.001), average temperature (r=-0.221, P<0.001) and precipitation (r=-0.052, P<0.001), and positively correlated with sunshine time (r=0.011, P<0.001) and average relative humidity (r=0.095, P<0.001). Compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), when the lowest temperature of 6-10 ℃ lags for 4-8 d, the RR value of HRSV was 1.11-1.14, and when the lowest temperature of 5-19 ℃ lags for 5 d and 2-19 ℃ lags for 10 d, the RR values were 1.02-1.14 and 1.00-1.03. When the cumulative lag is 5, 10, 15 and 21 d, compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), the RR (95%CI) values at the lowest temperature of 10.4 ℃ were 1.93 (1.08-3.46), 3.49 (1.64-7.45), 5.00 (2.01-12.46) and 6.69 (2.18-20.48); the RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature of 22.1 ℃ were 0.87 (0.77-0.98), 0.77 (0.66-0.90), 0.74 (0.62-0.89) and 0.68 (0.55-0.85). In the cumulative effect, compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), the gender stratification showed that the maximum RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature for boys and girls under different lag days were 7.24 (1.84-28.51) and 2.19 (1.07-4.46), the age stratification showed that the maximum RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature for children<6 months old and children ≥6 months old under different lag days were 4.72 (1.05-21.23) and 11.98 (1.70-84.35). Conclusions: In the main urban area of Chongqing, the daily incidence of HRSV in children is correlated with climatic parameters. Among them, the lowest temperature has a delayed and cumulative effect on HRSV infection. 6-10 ℃ has a greater impact on the incidence of HRSV when the lag is 4-8 days. The effect has a more obvious impact on the incidence of HRSV in boys and children ≥ 6 months.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(8): 870-875, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344069

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of central nervous system (CNS) mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MCS). Methods: Nine cases of CNS MCS were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from September 2010 to September 2020. The clinical,imaging,histopathological and immunohistochemical features were reviewed. NCOA2 gene rearrangement was evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results: There were three male and six female patients, with age range of 1 to 59 years (median 31 years). Six cases were intracranial and three cases were intraspinal, and the tumors showed dural attachment. They were often diagnosed as meningioma basing on preoperative imaging. Microscopically, the tumors showed a characteristic biphasic histologic pattern composed of undifferentiated mesenchymal small cells and well-differentiated hyaline cartilage islands. The small cells area were positive for SOX9 (9/9), CD99 (8/9), and without BRG1 and INI1 deletion. The cartilaginous component expressed SOX9 (9/9) and S-100 protein (8/9). NCOA2 gene break apart signal was identified in five cases (5/5). Eight patients were followed up for 4-124 months. Three patients (3/8) had recurrences within one year and two patients died of the tumor. Conclusions: CNS MCS is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm with a propensity to dural involvement. Preoperative imaging has low diagnostic accuracy. CNS MCS should be differentiated from other CNS small round cell tumors and chondrosarcoma. FISH detection of NCOA2 gene rearrangement will assist the diagnosis of MCS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal , Condrossarcoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Sistema Nervoso Central , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Condrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrossarcoma/genética , Condrossarcoma/cirurgia , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal/genética , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218564

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, non-dialysis treatment and prognosis of acute renal injury caused by acute dimethyl oxalate (DMO) poisoning. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on the occupational data, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, treatment methods and prognosis of 4 patients with acute DMO poisoning in July 2020. Results: A large number of white DMO crystals were observed in the workplace. Four patients had acute onset, presenting symptoms such as fatigue, abdominal distension, abdominal cramps and nocturia to varying degrees. Laboratory tests all showed acute kidney injury. Serum creatinine of patients at the onset were 119-835 µmol/L. Patients were given early treatment including rest, protection of renal function, hydration and alkalization of urine, Bailing capsule. Renal function of 4 patients returned to normal, and clinical prognosis was good. Conclusion: Acute DMO poisoning leads to acute renal injury, mainly with renal tubulointerstitial lesions such as hypogravity uria and aseptic leucuria. Active treatment in the early stage has a good short-term clinical prognosis.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Creatinina , Humanos , Rim , Oxalatos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(7): 916-920, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304432

RESUMO

Objective: Analyze and contruct the post competency model of professionals in centers for disease prevention and control in Beijing, so as to provide information for cultivation and construction of public health personnel, and the human Resource Management in relevant institutions. Methods: Cross-sectional research method was used, and based on literature research, functional analysis and referring to Hay Group Competency Dictionary and McClellan Competency Dictionary, the post competency dictionary was established after the unified discussion of the subject group. Hierarchical cluster sampling method was used to investigate an online survey on competency factors of professionals in centers for Disease prevention and Control in Beijing, and factor analysis was conducted on the survey data. Results: The competency model of professionals in centers for disease prevention and control in Beijing was composed of six factors, which are Public health practical operation skills and norms, public health emergency response thinking and deductive and inductive ability, professional quality and professional ethics, communication, coordination ability and team spirit, medicine humanities knowledge and health management and guidance. Conclusions: This competency model is basically in line with the job responsibilities of professionals in centers for disease prevention and control in Beijing. However, it can only reflect the post competence and ability of the middle and junior technical personnel for practice, so which should belongs to the category of basic competence.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Competência Profissional , Pequim , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14412, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257398

RESUMO

Freshwater scarcity is a global threat to modern era of human society. Sorption-based atmospheric water harvesting (AWH) is prospective to provide fresh water for remote water-stressed areas lacking in water and electricity. Adsorbent material plays a vital role in such AWH systems. Here, we report a solid adsorbent synthesized by impregnating hygroscopic salt lithium chloride (LiCl) into solidified activated carbon fiber felt (ACFF modified by silica sol). Composite samples immersed with different mass concentrations of silica sol are prepared and characterized for dynamic water uptake, equilibrium water uptake, textural and thermal properties. AS5Li30 (ACFF + 5 wt% silica gel + 30 wt% LiCl) exhibits an efficient water uptake of 2.1 g/g at 25 °C and 70% relative humidity (RH). The material further demonstrates a heat storage capacity of 5456 kJ/kg. Its low regeneration temperature (< 80 °C) and good cycle stability make it feasible to be used in practical water production applications, driven by solar energy and other low-grade energy. Estimation results show that water harvesting unit can produce 1.41 gH2O/gAS5Li30 under 25 °C and 75% RH.

11.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304871

RESUMO

Data indicate that dietary thiamine supplementation can partly alleviate rumen epithelium inflammation and barrier function in goats fed a high-concentrate diet. The current work aimed to explore whether thiamine promotes rumen epithelium development by regulating carbohydrate metabolism during a long period of feeding high levels of concentrate. For the experiment, 24 female Boer goats (35.62 ± 2.4 kg of body weight) in parity 1 or 2 were allocated to 3 groups (8 goats per replicate) receiving a low-concentrate diet (concentrate:forage 30:70), a high-concentrate diet (HC; concentrate:forage 70:30), or a high-concentrate diet (concentrate:forage 70:30) supplemented with 200 mg of thiamine/kg of dry matter intake (HCT; concentrate:forage 70:30). On the last day of 12 wk, rumen fluid and blood samples were collected to measure ruminal parameters, endotoxin lipopolysaccharide, and blood inflammatory cytokines. Goats were slaughtered to collect ruminal tissue to determine differential metabolites, enzyme activities, and gene expression. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the HCT group had significantly increased concentrations of d-glucose 6-phosphate, d-fructose 6-phosphate, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, thiamine pyrophosphate, oxaloacetate, acetyl-CoA, succinyl-CoA, sedoheptulose 7-phosphate, ribose 5-phosphate, and NADPH compared with the HC group. The pyruvate dehydrogenase, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, and transketolase enzyme activities in the rumen epithelium of the HCT group were higher than those in the HC group. The plasma total antioxidant capacity values for the HCT group were greater than those for the HC group. The rumen epithelium ATP content in the HCT group was higher than that in the HC group. Compared with the HCT group, the HC group had a lower mRNA abundance of CCND1, CCNA2, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, BCL2, PI3K, and AKT1. Taken together, the results suggest that dietary thiamine supplementation could ameliorate disorders in the tricarboxylic acid cycle and the pentose phosphate pathway induced by a long-term high-concentrate diet and could promote rumen epithelial growth.

13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(6): 539-543, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058810

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of celiac disease in susceptible population, and to analyze the relationship between demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle and serological positivity so as to provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of celiac disease in Southern China. Methods: A total of 1 273 individuals who participated in Guangdong Province Health Screening Program in 2015, were selected as serologically positive subjects of celiac disease, including people with irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, diarrhea, anemia, low BMI, short stature, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis and bristol grade=6 or 7. All subjects were tested for serum IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (TTGA), IgA antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides(DGPA) and IgG against deamidated gliadin peptides (DGPG). Dietary habits, lifestyle and demographic characteristics were compared in subgroups. Results: The seroprevalence of celiac disease in susceptible population was 0.94% (95%CI 0.54%-1.64%) including 0.08% (1/1 273) for TTGA, 0.47% (6/1 273) for DGPA, and 0.39% (5/1 273) for DGPG. The seropositive rate was 3.6% (1/28) in patients with psoriasis, 2.1% (2/95) in the low BMI group, 1.9% (1/53) in T1DM group, 1.8% (3/169) in diarrhea group and 1.1% (5/463) in RA group. No significant difference was found in age, gender, high carbohydrate diet or lifestyle between the negative and the positive subjects. Conclusions: In Southern China, the seropositive rate of celiac disease is 0.94% in susceptible population, which prompts an urgent need of serological screening for early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca , Doença Celíaca/diagnóstico , Doença Celíaca/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Gliadina , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 217-223, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910307

RESUMO

Objective: To prepare a novel tri-specific T cell engager (19TriTE) targeting CD19 antigen, and to investigate its immunotherapeutic effect on CD19-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: 19TriTE was constructed by molecular cloning technology and successfully expressed through the eukaryotic expressing system. The effects of 19TriTE on the proliferation and activation of T cells, as well as the specific cytotoxicity against CD19 positive tumor cell lines were verified. Results: ①19TriTE expressing plasmid was constructed and successfully expressed through the eukaryotic expressing system. ②19TriTE can specifically bind to T cells and Nalm6 cells, with equilibrium dissociation constants of 19.21 nmol/L and 11.67 nmol/L, respectively. ③The expression rates of CD69 positive T cells and CD25 positive T cells were 35.4% and 49.8% respectively, when 2 nmol/L 19TriTE were added in the co-culture system, which were significantly higher than those in the control group. ④19TriTE can significantly promote the proliferation of T cells. The absolute count of T cells expanded from the initial one million to 74 million with an 74 fold increase at the concentration of 1 nmol/L on day 12. ⑤19TriTE can significantly mediate T cells killing of CD19 positive target cells in a dose-dependent manner. At the concentration of 10 nmol/L, the target cells lysis reached 50%. ⑥Degranulation experiment verified that 19TriTE can activate T cells in the presence of CD19 positive target cells, and the activation of T cells positively correlated with the dose of 19TriTE. ⑦When 19TriTE fusion protein co-cultured with T cells and target cells overexpression RFP and luciferase genes respectively, 19TriTE can notably mediate T cells killing of CD19 positive target cells through fluorescent microscope or bioluminescence imaging technology. Conclusion: In this study, we successfully constructed and expressed 19TriTE fusion protein and verified that it can effectively activate T cells and promote their proliferation in vitro. At the same time, it can bind to CD19 positive target cells and T cells, as well as enhance T cells anti-leukemia effect in vitro, providing the foundation for further clinical research.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19 , Leucemia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Linfócitos T
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 497-501, 2021 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904287

RESUMO

For decades, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that govern tooth development have been extensively investigated. However, most of the studies are based on mice, whose teeth are quite different from human teeth in morphological and developmental aspects. Mice are not the ideal model for understanding the development of permanent teeth as they have only one set of dentition. Thus, using of diphyodont mammals is a better model to study the deciduous and permanent tooth development and to understand the process of tooth replacement. Several diphyodont mammal models have been established including minipig, ferret, house shrew and rabbit. Studies based on the diphyodont mammals have characterized the morphological changes involved in tooth replacement and molecular mechanisms of tooth replacement. However, few developmental stages were studied on ferret due to the presence of seasonal estrus and the difficulty to obtain ferret embryos at the correct stage. The house shrew is limited as a model because their deciduous tooth germs become vestigial in the embryonic period. The main disadvantage of the rabbit is an incomplete dentition with the lack of canines. Compared to the above mentioned animal models, the miniature pig has proven to be a valuable animal model for diphyodont development due to its dentition similarities, including the morphology, number and size of teeth, to human's, and particularly its heterodont dentition consisting of incisors, canines, premolars and molars. The present article reviews the current knowledge on the development of the primary and successional teeth in minipig modle and briefly summarizes the studies based on other diphyodont mammal models.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(12): 846-850, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789365

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between rare UBQLN2 variants and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Chinese population, and the characteristic of phenotypes of their carriers. Methods: A total of 166 ALS patients who visited Department of Neurology of Peking University Third Hospital between January 2018 and July 2020 were recruited. The next-generation sequencing was performed to screen possible pathogenic rare variants of UBQLN2. Meanwhile, control individuals were obtained from 1000 Genome Project (2 504 samples) and an in-house whole-exome sequencing database (1 812 samples), separately. The sequence kernel association test (SKAT) and the SKAT-optimal test (SKAT-O) were used to identify the association between UBQLN2 rare variants and ALS. The clinical characteristics of rare variant carriers were analyzed. Results: A total of 33 familiar ALS and 133 sporadic ALS of Chinese ancestry were enrolled. Of the 166 ALS patients, 12.7% had bulbar-onset, 85.5% had limb-onset, and 5 cases were ALS with frontotemporal dementia (3.0%). The male-to-female ratio was 1.68∶1, with a mean age at symptom onset of (43.8±12.2) years. Three possible pathogenic rare variants of UBQLN2 were detected, including c.128A>G (p.Lys43Arg), c.142G>T (p.Val48Leu) and c.1451T>G (p.Val484Gly), and all of them were novel missense mutations. Compared with 1000 Genome Project, SKAT and SKAT-O showed a P value of 2.49×10-6 and 9.22×10-7, respectively. While compared with the in-house database, SKAT and SKAT-O revealed a P value of 1.42×10-3 and 1.10×10-3, respectively. Patients who carried rare UBQLN2 variants were with a higher rate of bulbar-onset (2/3 vs 19/163, P=0.042). Conclusion: Rare variants of UBQLN2 are associated with ALS in Chinese population, and mutation of UBQLN2 may be relevant to bulbar-onset.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Ubiquitinas/genética , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(5): 2281-2290, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of tachycardia. The major injury caused by AF is a systemic embolism. Although AF therapies have evolved substantially, the success rate of sinus rhythm maintenance is relatively low. The reason is the incomplete understanding of the AF mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset (GSE79768) was downloaded. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by bioinformatic analysis. Enriched terms and pathways were identified by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to determine regulatory genes. CytoHubba and the Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) algorithm were used to identify potential hub genes and important modules. The Predicting Associated Transcription Factors From Annotated Affinities (PASTAA) method was used to predict transcription factors (TFs). RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-five upregulated DEGs and seventy-seven downregulated DEGs were identified. In the GO biological process, cellular component, and molecular function analyses, positive regulation of cell migration, anchoring junctions, and cell adhesion molecule binding were enriched significantly. The Hippo signalling pathway was the most significantly enriched pathway. In the PPI network analysis, we found that Class A/1 (rhodopsin-like receptors) may be the critical module. Ten hub genes were extracted, including 6 upregulated genes and 4 downregulated genes. CXCR2, TLR4, and CXCR4 may play critical roles in AF. In the TF prediction, we found that Irf-1 may be implicated in AF. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the CXCR4, TLR4, CXCR2 genes, the Hippo signalling pathway and the class A/1 (rhodopsin-like receptors) module may play critical roles in AF occurrence and maintenance, which may provide novel targets for AF treatment.

19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(2): 114-118, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535305

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and prognosis of meningioangiomatosis (MA), and to investige the possible origion of spindle cells. Methods: Seventeen cases of MA were collected at Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, from June 2012 to March 2020. The clinical manifestations, radiologic, histopathologic, immunohistochemical features and patients' outcome were analyzed. The presumed origin of spindle cells was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Results: Of the 17 patients, 9 were males and 8 were females. The age ranged from 3 to 56 years old. Thirteen patients presented with seizure as the initial symptom. The lesions were solitary and located in the cerebral cortex. Histopathologically, there were proliferation of small blood vessels and perivascular spindle cells in the cerebral cortex. The spindle cells had no obvious atypia, mitoses and necrosis. Four cases were combined with transitional meningioma. Immunohistochemically, the proliferative perivascular spindle cells were positive for vimentin in all cases, and focally positive for EMA and SSTR2. Ki-67 proliferation index was low. Neurofibrillary tangles were demonstrated by AT8. All 17 patients received surgical treatment and were followed up for one to 93 months. None had seizure attacks or tumor recurrence. Conclusions: MA is a rare slow-growing intracranial lesion, and the perivascular spindle cells could be derived from meningothelial cells, and MA is often associated with degeneration of the cerebral cortex and meningioma. The patients have good prognosis after surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Vimentina , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263216

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of probiotics and antibiotics on microbial composition, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) concentration and free fatty acid receptor 2/3 (FFAR2/3) expression in boiler chickens. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 150 1-day-old male broilers were randomly allocated into three groups, control (CON) group, probiotics (PB) group and antibiotics (ATB) group. Results indicated that PB improved the average body weight from 1 to 21 days and feed intake from 21 to 42 days (P < 0·05), while ATB improved the feed efficiency from 1 to 42 days (P < 0·05). Based on 16s rRNA sequencing, PB treatment increased the amount of kingdom bacteria, and the relative abundance of the main bacteria including acetate and butyrate producing bacteria of phylum Firmicutes, family Ruminococcaceae and genus Faecalibacterium. ATB treatment also increased the relative abundance of phylum Firmicutes, family Ruminococcaceae and Lachnospiraceae, however, it introduced some pathogenic bacteria, such as bacteria of family Rikenellaceae and Enterobacteriaceae. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) assay revealed that PB increased acetate and butyrate concentrations at both 21 and 42 days, and propionate at 42 days in the colorectum. Moreover qRT-PCR analysis showed PB treatment significantly activated the FFAR2/3 mRNA expressions. On the contrast, ATB treatment lowered the colorectal propionate at 21 days, and decreased acetate, propionate and butyrate concentrations at 42 days, accompanied with decreased FFAR2/3 mRNA expressions. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the CON birds, an enriched SCFAs producing bacteria with higher SCFAs contents and activated FFAR2/3 expressions are prominent features of PB birds. However, antibiotics treatment plays the reverse effect compared to PB treatment. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study brings a significant idea that less SCFAs concentration may be another reason why the antibiotics inhibit the immune system development and immunity of the body.

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