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1.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 17(8): e1009284, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347784

RESUMO

Modeling the impact of amino acid mutations on protein-protein interaction plays a crucial role in protein engineering and drug design. In this study, we develop GeoPPI, a novel structure-based deep-learning framework to predict the change of binding affinity upon mutations. Based on the three-dimensional structure of a protein, GeoPPI first learns a geometric representation that encodes topology features of the protein structure via a self-supervised learning scheme. These representations are then used as features for training gradient-boosting trees to predict the changes of protein-protein binding affinity upon mutations. We find that GeoPPI is able to learn meaningful features that characterize interactions between atoms in protein structures. In addition, through extensive experiments, we show that GeoPPI achieves new state-of-the-art performance in predicting the binding affinity changes upon both single- and multi-point mutations on six benchmark datasets. Moreover, we show that GeoPPI can accurately estimate the difference of binding affinities between a few recently identified SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the S protein. These results demonstrate the potential of GeoPPI as a powerful and useful computational tool in protein design and engineering. Our code and datasets are available at: https://github.com/Liuxg16/GeoPPI.


Assuntos
Substituição de Aminoácidos , Modelos Químicos , Proteínas/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/genética
2.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(5)2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479731

RESUMO

Translation elongation is a crucial phase during protein biosynthesis. In this study, we develop a novel deep reinforcement learning-based framework, named Riboexp, to model the determinants of the uneven distribution of ribosomes on mRNA transcripts during translation elongation. In particular, our model employs a policy network to perform a context-dependent feature selection in the setting of ribosome density prediction. Our extensive tests demonstrated that Riboexp can significantly outperform the state-of-the-art methods in predicting ribosome density by up to 5.9% in terms of per-gene Pearson correlation coefficient on the datasets from three species. In addition, Riboexp can indicate more informative sequence features for the prediction task than other commonly used attribution methods in deep learning. In-depth analyses also revealed the meaningful biological insights generated by the Riboexp framework. Moreover, the application of Riboexp in codon optimization resulted in an increase of protein production by around 31% over the previous state-of-the-art method that models ribosome density. These results have established Riboexp as a powerful and useful computational tool in the studies of translation dynamics and protein synthesis. Availability: The data and code of this study are available on GitHub: https://github.com/Liuxg16/Riboexp. Contact:zengjy321@tsinghua.edu.cn; songsen@tsinghua.edu.cn.

3.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147620

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Computational methods accelerate drug discovery and play an important role in biomedicine, such as molecular property prediction and compound-protein interaction (CPI) identification. A key challenge is to learn useful molecular representation. In the early years, molecular properties are mainly calculated by quantum mechanics or predicted by traditional machine learning methods, which requires expert knowledge and is often labor-intensive. Nowadays, graph neural networks have received significant attention because of the powerful ability to learn representation from graph data. Nevertheless, current graph-based methods have some limitations that need to be addressed, such as large-scale parameters and insufficient bond information extraction. RESULTS: In this study, we proposed a graph-based approach and employed a novel triplet message mechanism to learn molecular representation efficiently, named triplet message networks (TrimNet). We show that TrimNet can accurately complete multiple molecular representation learning tasks with significant parameter reduction, including the quantum properties, bioactivity, physiology and CPI prediction. In the experiments, TrimNet outperforms the previous state-of-the-art method by a significant margin on various datasets. Besides the few parameters and high prediction accuracy, TrimNet could focus on the atoms essential to the target properties, providing a clear interpretation of the prediction tasks. These advantages have established TrimNet as a powerful and useful computational tool in solving the challenging problem of molecular representation learning. AVAILABILITY: The quantum and drug datasets are available on the website of MoleculeNet: http://moleculenet.ai. The source code is available in GitHub: https://github.com/yvquanli/trimnet. CONTACT: xjyao@lzu.edu.cn, songsen@tsinghua.edu.cn.

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