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1.
Food Chem ; 334: 127484, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711263

RESUMO

This study investigated the soymilk coagulation induced by fermented yellow whey (FYW), which is extensively used as a natural tofu coagulant in China. The aggregations involving proteins and isoflavone particles caused by FYW were analyzed using the proteomic technology and high-performance liquid chromatography, respectively. As indicated, the FYW-induced coagulation of soy proteins mainly occurred at pH 5.80-5.90. When the pH of soymilk decreased, the 7S ß, 11S A3 and some of 11S A1a subunits and SBP, Bd, lectin and TA aggregated the earliest, and later did the 11S A4, other 11S A1a, 11S A2 and 11S A1b subunits. The 7S α and α' subunits and TB showed an obvious delay in aggregation. Moreover, isoflavones in the form of aglycones were more likely to coprecipitate with proteins, compared with glycosides. These results could provide an important reference and assistance for future research on the development of traditional FYW-tofu.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022778

RESUMO

TGF-ß signaling plays an extremely important role in the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the blockade of TGF-ß/Smad3 pathway protests against the high-fat diet-induced obesity and diabetes. As a specific small molecule inhibitor of Smad3 protein, the biological activities of compound SIS3 were evaluated by high-fat diet-induced T2DM model mice. In vivo results indicated that SIS3 can not only significantly reduce the body weight, fat mass, fasting blood glucose in high-fat diet-induced T2DM model mice, but also improve insulin sensitivity and oral glucose tolerance of high-fat diet-induced T2DM model mice after the injection of SIS3 with 5 mg/kg for 45 days.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026381

RESUMO

Two new bifunctional isolated hybrid compounds, [ε-PMoV8MoVI4O37(OH)3Zn4][iql]4·6H2O (1) and [ε-PMoV8MoVI4O38(OH)2Zn4][bipy]3[(CH3COO)(bipy)2Zn]·2H2O (2) (where iql = isoquinoline and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), based on Zn-ε-Keggin were successfully synthesized by self-assembly under hydrothermal conditions. It is interesting to note that acetate in 2 acted as a linker connecting the ε-Keggin anion with the one Zn atom (Zn5) and enabled the ε-Keggin anion to coordinate with more bipy ligands, culminating with a larger isolated system, which is the first reported isolated cluster of Zn5PMo12. Meanwhile, compounds 1-2 show great electrochemical behaviors and excellent electrocatalytic activity for the degradation of NaNO2. In addition, compound 2 displays better third-order NLO performance than 1 due to the presence of more conjugated rings, with a TPA cross section (σ) of 1819 GM, which suggests that compound 2 has the potential to function as a bifunctional material with tremendous prospects.

4.
Curr Med Res Opin ; : 1, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016133

RESUMO

Objective: The safety profile of traditional Chinese medicine injections has emerged as the greatest challenge to their clinical application. We aimed to perform a post-marketing surveillance study in a real-world setting to evaluate the safety of the Xuesaitong (XST) injection in China.Methods: This multicentre, post-marketing, observational study enrolled patients who received XST injections in 42 centres in China between March 2015 and November 2017. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and adverse drug events (ADEs) were collected and evaluated in a post-marketing database. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyse the risk factors for ADRs.Results: A total of 30,008 consecutive patients with a mean age of 62.29 ± 14.58 years were included in this post-marketing study. The incidences of ADEs and ADRs were 0.5% and 0.33%, respectively. The most common clinical manifestations were damage to skin and appendages (47.66%). There were 4 new kinds of ADEs found in the present monitoring study. The majority of ADRs were type B (62.62%) and occurred within 24 hours after XST injection treatment. No severe ADRs were reported in this analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the hospital level (OR =0.607; 95% CI, 0.407-0.906; p = 0.0144), hypertension (OR =1.979; 95% CI, 1.323-2.959; p = 0.0009) and solvent type (OR =2.951; 95% CI, 1.608-5.417; p = 0.0005) were risk factors for ADR occurrence.Conclusion: XST injection is well tolerated and has a favourable safety profile for patients in a real-world setting. This post-marketing study provided further evidence of the safety of XST injections for clinical applications.

5.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035058

RESUMO

Eight new germacranolides, minusolides A-H (1-8), along with two known analogues, 9 and 10, were isolated from the whole plant of Carpesium minus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1 and 2, and 6 and 9 are two pairs of rare epimers with opposite configurations at C-2 of the 2-methylbutyryloxy group. The absolute configurations were determined by X-ray diffraction studies. Compound 7 exhibited cytotoxic activities against MDA-MB-231, A549, and HCT-116 cells with IC50 values of 6.1 ± 0.2, 8.4 ± 0.6, and 3.7 ± 0.6 µM, respectively. Compound 7 induced the apoptosis of HCT-116 cells via suppression of PARP and promoting cleavage of PARP.

6.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037856

RESUMO

Chitin deacetylases (CDAs, including CDA1 and CDA2) are considered key enzymes for body cuticle formation and tracheal morphogenesis in various insect species. However, their functions in the formation of the cuticular intima of the foregut and hindgut are unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of their respective genes LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 in this process, in the hemimetabolous insect Locusta migratoria. Transcripts of LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 were highly expressed both before and after molting in the foregut. In the hindgut, their expression was high only before molting. In both the foregut and hindgut, LmCDA1 protein was localized in the basal half of the chitin matrix (procuticle), whereas LmCDA2 was detected in the upper half of the procuticle. Knockdown of LmCDA1 by RNA interference (RNAi) in fifth-instar nymphs caused no visible defects of the hindgut cuticle. By contrast, the chitinous lamellae of the cuticular intima in the foregut of knockdown animals were less compact than in control animals. RNAi against LmCDA2 led to thickening of both the foregut and hindgut cuticles, with a greater number of thinner laminae than in the respective control cuticles. Taken together, our results show that LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 have distinct, but overlapping, functions in chitin organization in the foregut cuticle. However, in the hindgut, this process seems independent of LmCDA1 activity but requires LmCDA2 function. Thus, the CDAs reflect tissue-specific differences in cuticular organization and function, which need further detailed molecular and histological analyses for full comprehension. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Comput Biol Med ; 125: 104015, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035961

RESUMO

Despite great progress in nitric oxide (NO) controlled releasing strategies, the in vivo spatiotemporal NO distribution of arteries is still unclear, which makes it impossible to assess the status of arteries and render NO-based therapies in vivo largely fruitless. Here, we presented personalized computational modelling to calculate the NO distribution on the endothelial surface and in the arterial wall of human atherosclerotic carotid artery bifurcations using models constructed from MRI. The computational results indicated the distribution of NO in the atherosclerotic artery is highly uneven. The volume-weighted average NO concentration (CV) in regions with lipid plaques (9.76 ± 2.82 nM) was about 22 times higher than that in the plaque-free regions. Regions where also the calcified plaque components and the intraplaque hemorrhages are present would increase and abate the CV, respectively. The dynamic blood flow during the cycle would directly affect the distribution of NO on the endothelial surface. The luminal NO distribution is closely related to hemodynamic indicators, including wall shear stress (WSS), time averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS), oscillating shear index (OSI) and relative residence time (RRT). In conclusion, atherosclerotic components determine the space-averaged NO concentration in arterial wall and blood flow controls the luminal NO concentration.

8.
Plant J ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048384

RESUMO

Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop in the world and the mechanism of seed oil biosynthesis in B. napus remains unclear. In order to study the mechanism of oil biosynthesis and generate germplasms for breeding, an EMS mutant population with ~100,000 M2 lines was generated using Zhongshuang 11 as the parent line. The EMS-induced genome-wide mutations in M2-M4 plants were assessed. The average number of mutations including single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertion/deletion in M2-M4 was 21,177, 28,675 and 17,915, respectively. The effects of the mutations on gene function were predicted in M2-M4 mutants, respectively. We screened the seeds from 98,113 M2 lines and 9,415 seed oil content and fatty acid mutants were identified. We further confirmed 686 mutants with altered seed oil content and fatty acid in advanced generation (M4 seeds). Five representative M4 mutants with increased oleic acid were re-sequenced and the potential causal variations in FAD2 and ROD1 genes were identified. This study generated and screened a large scale of B. napus EMS mutant population and the identified mutants could provide useful genetic resources for the study of oil biosynthesis and genetic improvement of seed oil content and fatty acid composition of B. napus in the future. Supporting Information.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040189

RESUMO

PURPOSE: During the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, oncologists face new challenges, and they need to adjust their cancer management strategies as soon as possible to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and tumor recurrence. However, data on cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection remains scarce. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 223 cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2 from 26 hospitals in Hubei, China. An individualized nomogram was constructed based on multivariate Cox analysis. Considering the convenience of the nomogram application, an online tool was also created. The predictive performance and clinical application of nomogram were verified by C-index, calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Among cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2, there were significant differences in clinical characteristics between survivors and non-survivors, and compared with patients with solid tumors including lung cancer, patients with hematological malignancies had a worse prognosis. Male, dyspnea, elevated PCT, increased heart rate, elevated D-dimers, and decreased platelets were risk factors for these patients. Furthermore, a good prediction performance of the online tool (dynamic nomogram: https://covid-19-prediction-tool.shinyapps.io/DynNomapp/ ) was also fully demonstrated with the C-indexes of 0.841 (95% CI 0.782-0.900) in the development cohort and 0.780 (95% CI 0.678-0.882) in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Overall, cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2 had unique clinical features, and the established online tool could guide clinicians to predict the prognosis of patients during the COVID-19 epidemic and to develop more rational treatment strategies for cancer patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054172

RESUMO

Although ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) can kill human osteosarcoma cells, the underlying upstream regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Since hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) regulates the tumor microenvironment, here we explored the interplay between HIF-1α regulation and mitophagy in ZnO NP-induced osteosarcoma inhibition both in vivo and in vitro. We found that ZnO NPs upregulated HIF-1α protein levels when they killed four common human osteosarcoma cell lines. This finding was consistent with our observations that additional HIF-1α upregulation by a hypoxia inducer CoCl2 or under a 1% hypoxia environment enhanced NP-induced cell death, but concurrent HIF-1α suppression by a hypoxia inhibitor YC-1 or HIF-1α siRNA inhibited NP-induced cell death. We discovered an interplay between HIF-1α and the autophagy-Zn2+-reactive oxygen species (ROS)-autophagy cycle axis and revealed that NP-induced cancer cell killing followed a HIF-1α-BNIP3-LC3B-mediated mitophagy pathway. We confirmed that NP-upregulated HIF-1α protein expression was attributed to prolyl hydroxylase inhibition by both ROS and Zn2+. In addition, the in vivo assay confirmed the therapeutic effectiveness and safety of ZnO NPs on a nude mice osteosarcoma model. Collectively, our findings clarified the upstream regulatory mechanism of autophagy induced by the NPs and further demonstrated their antitumor ability in vivo. This work provides new targets and strategies for enhancing NP-based osteosarcoma treatment.

12.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 225, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between triglyceride (TG) level and the mortality risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease is not entirely consistent among adults. METHODS: The present analysis included adult participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) between the periods 1999-2014. The levels of TG were categorized into < 150, 150-199, 200-250 and ≥ 250 mg/dL respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis, stratified analysis and generalized additive model were conducted to reveal the correlation between TG and mortality risk. Results were presented in hazard ratio (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: There were 18,781 (9130 males, mean age was 45.64 years) participants being included in the analysis. The average follow-up period was 8.25 years, where 1992 (10.61%) cases of all-cause and 421 (2.24%) cardiovascular death have occurred. In the multivariate Cox model, every 1 mg/dL raise in TG has significantly associated with all-cause mortality (HR: 1.08, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.15) but not cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.97, 1.24). When using TG <  150 mg/dL as reference, TG ≥ 250 mg/dL associated with death from all-cause (HR = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.60; P = 0.0016 but not cardiovascular death (HR = 1.26, 95% CI: 0.85, 1.88; P = 0.2517). According to smoothing spline plots, the risk of all-cause was the lowest when TG was approximately 135 mg/dL. CONCLUSION: TG might have a dose-independent association with all-cause mortality among adults in United States.

13.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 1883-1896, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061337

RESUMO

Purpose: The associations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) with mortality are still unclear. We explored the associations of HDL-C with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in an adult population. Methods: Deaths were classified into all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality. Survival curve, multivariate Cox regression, and subgroup analyses were conducted, and hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were performed. We fitted Cox regression models for all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality to evaluate their associations with categories of HDL-C (≤30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60 [reference], 61-70, >70 mg/dL). Results: A total of 42,145 (20,415 (48.44%) males, mean age 47.12±19.40 years) subjects were enrolled. At an average follow-up of 97.52±54.03 months, all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality numbers were 5,061 (12.01), 1,081 (2.56%), and 1,061 (2.52%), respectively. When compared with the reference group (HDL-C: 51-60 mg/dL), a U-shaped association was apparent for all-cause mortality, with elevated risk in participants with the lowest (≤30 mg/dL) (HR=1.33; 95% CI=1.14- 1.56) and highest (>70 mg/dL) (HR=1.14; 95% CI=1.02-1.27) HDL-C concentration. Associations for cardiovascular and cancer mortality were non-linear. An elevated risk for cancer mortality was observed in those with the highest HDL-C concentration (HR=1.06; 95% CI-0.84-1.34) compared with the reference group, although it was not statistically significant. The effect of HDL-C on mortality was adjusted by some traditional risk factors including age, gender, race, or comorbidities. Conclusion: A U-shaped association was observed between HDL-C and all-cause mortality among an adult population.

14.
15.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064359

RESUMO

Soils represent the largest terrestrial reservoir of organic carbon, and the balance between soil organic carbon (SOC) formation and loss will drive powerful carbon-climate feedbacks over the coming century. To date, efforts to predict SOC dynamics have rested on pool-based models, which assume classes of SOC with internally homogenous physicochemical properties. However, emerging evidence suggests that soil carbon turnover is not dominantly controlled by the chemistry of carbon inputs, but rather by restrictions on microbial access to organic matter in the spatially heterogeneous soil environment. The dynamic processes that control the physicochemical protection of carbon translate poorly to pool-based SOC models; as a result, we are challenged to mechanistically predict how environmental change will impact movement of carbon between soils and the atmosphere. Here, we propose a novel conceptual framework to explore controls on belowground carbon cycling: Probabilistic Representation of Organic Matter Interactions within the Soil Environment (PROMISE). In contrast to traditional model frameworks, PROMISE does not attempt to define carbon pools united by common thermodynamic or functional attributes. Rather, the PROMISE concept considers how SOC cycling rates are governed by the stochastic processes that influence the proximity between microbial decomposers and organic matter, with emphasis on their physical location in the soil matrix. We illustrate the applications of this framework with a new biogeochemical simulation model that traces the fate of individual carbon atoms as they interact with their environment, undergoing biochemical transformations and moving through the soil pore space. We also discuss how the PROMISE framework reshapes dialogue around issues related to SOC management in a changing world. We intend the PROMISE framework to spur the development of new hypotheses, analytical tools, and model structures across disciplines that will illuminate mechanistic controls on the flow of carbon between plant, soil, and atmospheric pools.

16.
Phys Med Biol ; 65(20): 205007, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027064

RESUMO

We investigated the sensitivity of regional tumor response prediction to variability in voxel clustering techniques, imaging features, and machine learning algorithms in 25 patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) enrolled on the FLARE-RT clinical trial. Metabolic tumor volumes (MTV) from pre-chemoradiation (PETpre) and mid-chemoradiation fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG PET) images (PETmid) were subdivided into K-means or hierarchical voxel clusters by standardized uptake values (SUV) and 3D-positions. MTV cluster separability was evaluated by CH index, and morphologic changes were captured by Dice similarity and centroid Euclidean distance. PETpre conventional features included SUVmean, MTV/MTV cluster size, and mean radiation dose. PETpre radiomics consisted of 41 intensity histogram and 3D texture features (PET Oncology Radiomics Test Suite) extracted from MTV or MTV clusters. Machine learning models (multiple linear regression, support vector regression, logistic regression, support vector machines) of conventional features or radiomic features were constructed to predict PETmid response. Leave-one-out-cross-validated root-mean-squared-error (RMSE) for continuous response regression (ΔSUVmean) and area-under-receiver-operating-characteristic-curve (AUC) for binary response classification were calculated. K-means MTV 2-clusters (MTVhi, MTVlo) achieved maximum CH index separability (Friedman p < 0.001). Between PETpre and PETmid, MTV cluster pairs overlapped (Dice 0.70-0.87) and migrated 0.6-1.1 cm. PETmid ΔSUVmean response prediction was superior in MTV and MTVlo (RMSE = 0.17-0.21) compared to MTVhi (RMSE = 0.42-0.52, Friedman p < 0.001). PETmid ΔSUVmean response class prediction performance trended higher in MTVlo (AUC = 0.83-0.88) compared to MTVhi (AUC = 0.44-0.58, Friedman p = 0.052). Models were more sensitive to MTV/MTV cluster regions (Friedman p = 0.026) than feature sets/algorithms (Wilcoxon signed-rank p = 0.36). Top-ranked radiomic features included GLZSM-LZHGE (large-zone-high-SUV), GTSDM-CP (cluster-prominence), GTSDM-CS (cluster-shade) and NGTDM-CNT (contrast). Top-ranked features were consistent between MTVhi and MTVlo cluster pairs but varied between MTVhi-MTVlo clusters, reflecting distinct regional radiomic phenotypes. Variability in tumor voxel cluster response prediction can inform robust radiomic target definition for risk-adaptive chemoradiation in patients with LA-NSCLC. FLARE-RT trial: NCT02773238.

17.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(16): 2427-2439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029085

RESUMO

Background and aim: Competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) is believed to play vital roles in tumorigenesis. The goal of this study was to screen prognostic biomarkers in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods: Common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases (TCGA) using GEO2R and "limma" package in R, respectively. Overlapping DEGs were conducted using enrichment of functions and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network to discover significant candidate genes. By using a comprehensive analysis, we constructed an mRNA mediated ceRNA network. Survival rates were used Kaplan-Meier analysis. Statistical analysis was used to further identify the prognosis of studied genes. Results: Integrated analysis of GSE32863 and TCGA databases, a total of 886 overlapping DEGs, including 279 up-regulated and 607 down-regulated genes were identified. Considering the highest term of candidate genes in PPI, we identified TPX2, which was enriched in cell division signaling pathway. Besides, 35 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) were predicted to target TPX2 and only 7 DEmiRNAs were identified to be prognostic biomarkers in LUAD. Then, 30 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were predicted to bind these 7 DEmiRNAs. Finally, we found that 7 DElncRNAs were correlated with the overall survival (all p <0.05). Furthermore, we identified elevated TPX2 was strongly correlated with the worse survival rate among 458 samples. Univariate and multivariate cox analysis showed TPX2 may act as an independent factor for prognosis in LUAD (p <0.05). Then pathway enrichment results suggested that TPX2 may facilitate tumorigenesis by participating in several cancer-related signaling pathways in LUAD, especially in Notch signal pathway. Conclusions: TPX2-related lncRNAs and miRNAs are related to the survival of LUAD. 7 lncRNAs, 7 miRNAs and TPX2 may serve as prognostic biomarkers in LUAD.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034609

RESUMO

A novel viologen-based multifunctional Eu-MOF was obtained by integrating a luminescent component Eu(NO3)3·6H2O and a viologen-functionalized ligand. The Eu-MOF not only exhibited reversible photochromic and electrochromic properties, but also displayed photoluminescent and electroluminochromic properties.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107073, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039967

RESUMO

Allergic asthma is the most common type of asthma which characterized by inflammatory responses of the airways. Alpinetin, a flavonoid compound derived from the ginger family of medicinal herbs, possesses various biological properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and other medical effects. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of alpinetin on OVA-induced allergic asthma, and further to examine its molecular mechanisms underlying these processes in vivo and in vitro. Mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA to build allergic asthma model in vivo. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for inflammatory cells analysis and lung tissues were examined for histopathological examination. The levels of IL-5, IL-13, IL-4, IgE, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß were determined by the respective ELISA kits. The PI3K/AKT/NF-κB and HO-1 signaling pathways were examined by western blot analysis. The results showed that alpinetin significantly ameliorated OVA-induced pathologic changes of lungs, such as decreasing massive inflammatory cell infiltration and mucus hypersecretion, and reduced the number of inflammatory cells in BALF. Alpinetin also decreased the OVA-induced levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 and IgE. Furthermore, alpinetin inhibited OVA-induced phosphorylation of p65, IκB, PI3K and AKT, and the activity of HO-1 in vivo. More importantly, these anti-inflammatory effects and molecular mechanisms of alpinetin has also been confirmed in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro. In conclusion, above results indicate that alpinetin exhibites a potent anti-inflammatory activity in allergic asthma through modulating PI3K/AKT/NF-κB and HO-1 signaling pathways, which would be used as a promising therapy agent for allergic asthma.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040504

RESUMO

Objective:To observe the microbiological characteristics and clinical correlation of chronic rhinosinusitis with different clinical phenotypes. Method:One hundred and ninety-six patients with chronic rhinosinusitis(CRS) underwent nasal endoscopic surgery, including 126 patients with Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(CRSwNP) and 70 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps(CRSsNP); 78 patients with nasal septum deviation(control group) were enrolled. The nasal discharge samples were collected before operation, and the bacteria were isolated and identified by the traditional culture method. The bacteria were compared between the two groups by Pearson chi-square test or Fisher exact test, and the bacteria were compared between groups by Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. Out statistically significant variables(P<0.05). Result:The total bacterial detection rate was 73.0% in the three groups, 76.2% in the CRSwNP group, 68.6% in the CRSsNP group and 71.8% in the control group, respectively(P=0.579). The detection rate of the bacteria was mainly Gram-positive bacteria. The higher detection rate included: Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudodiphtheria, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzaemola, Haemella influenzaemola. The detection rate of Haemophilus influenzae in the CRSwNP group and the control group(13.5% vs 2.6%, P=0.009), but there were statistical differences CRSsNP.There was no statistically significant difference in the detection rate of the bacteria(8.6% vs 2.6%, P=0.15) between the CRSsNP group and the control group; The difference of staphylococcus aureus detection rate between NonECRSwNP group and ECRSwNP group was statistically significant (9.6% vs 28.1%,P=0.017).There was no significant difference in staphylococcus aureus detection rate between NonECRSsNP group and ECRSsNP group (9.4% vs 16.7%, P=0.482). Conclusion:Haemophilus influenzae may be a potential cause of CRSwNP; S. aureus may promote the eosinophilic granulocyte inflammatory response to CRSwNP.


Assuntos
Pólipos Nasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Humanos , Fenótipo , Staphylococcus aureus
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