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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(1): 67-76, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377748

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma has the highest incidence rate of cancer types in the urinary system. Moreover, microRNAs (miRNA) have been closely associated with numerous types of tumor. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of miRNA (miR)­133b on the proliferation, invasion and chemosensitivity of renal cell carcinoma cells, and to determine whether its mechanism was regulated by the ERK signaling pathway. Both renal cell carcinoma and adjacent healthy tissues from 60 patients, in addition to renal cell carcinoma lines, ACHN, Caki­1, A­498 and 786­O, and 293 cells, were used in this study. miR­133b expression was measured from renal cell carcinoma, adjacent healthy tissues and renal cell carcinoma cell lines by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR. Cells were transfected with miR­133b mimic to achieve miR­133b overexpression. The proliferative, migratory and invasive ability of the cells were evaluated using MTT, wound healing and Matrigel assays, respectively, and flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptotic rate. Following treatment with an ERK inhibitor, U0126, and activator, LM22B­10, western blotting was used to detect the expression of related proteins and the activity of the ERK signaling pathway. The overexpression of miR­133b significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whilst inducing apoptosis and increasing the drug sensitivity of renal cell carcinoma cells to cisplatin, docetaxel and doxorubicin. The miR­133b mimic also increased the protein expression levels of Bax and decreased the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)­2, MMP­9, ATP­binding cassette subfamily G2, P­glycoprotein, Bcl­2 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, as well as the phosphorylation of ERK (P<0.05). The administration of the U0216 inhibitor demonstrated similar effects to miR­133b overexpression, and there was no significant difference compared with the miR­133b mimic transfection (P>0.05). However, the overexpression of miR­133b combined with LM22B­10 treatment weakened the anticancer effects of miR­133b mimic transfection (P<0.05). In conclusion, miR­133b overexpression was observed to inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of renal cell carcinoma cells and improve chemotherapeutic sensitivity; it was suggested that the mechanism maybe related to the inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and thus decreased ERK signaling pathway activity.

2.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32347798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced patient education (EPE) can improve the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy. However, it is uncertain whether EPE can increase the detection rate of colonic polyps and adenomas. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of EPE in detecting colonic polyps and adenomas. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from their inception to June 2019 for the identification of trials comparing the EPE with standard patient education for outpatients undergoing colonoscopy. We used random effects model to calculate summary estimates of polyp detection rate (PDR, defined as the number of patients with at least 1 polyp divided by the total number of patients undergoing selective colonoscopy), adenoma detection rate (ADR, defined as the number of patients with at least 1 adenoma divided by the total number of patients undergoing selective colonoscopy), advanced adenoma detection rate (AADR, defined as the number of patients with at least 1 advanced adenoma divided by the total number of patients undergoing selective colonoscopy), sessile serrated adenoma detection rate (SSADR, defined as the number of patients with at least 1 sessile serrated adenoma divided by the total number of patients undergoing selective colonoscopy), cancer detection rate ([CDR] defined as the number of patients with at least 1 cancer divided by the total number of patients undergoing selective colonoscopy), or ADR-plus (defined as the number of additional adenomas found after the first adenoma per colonoscopy). Moreover, we also conducted trial sequential analysis (TSA) to determine the robustness of summary estimates of all primary outcomes. RESULTS: We included 10 randomized controlled trials enrolling 4560 participants for analysis. The meta-analysis suggested that EPE was associated with increased PDR (9 trials; 3781 participants; risk ratio [RR] 1.19; 95% CI 1.05-1.35; P<.05; I2=42%) and ADR (5 trials; 2133 participants; RR 1.37; 95% CI 1.15-1.64; P<.001; I2=0%), which were established by TSA. Pooled result from inverse-variance model illustrated an increase in SSADR (3 trials; 1248 participants; odds ratio 1.76; 95% CI 1.22-2.53; P<.05; I2=0%). One trial suggested an increase in ADR-plus (RR 4.39; 95% CI 2.91-6.61; P<.001). Pooled estimates from 3 (1649 participants) and 2 trials (1375 participants) generated no evidence of statistical difference for AADR and CDR, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence indicates that EPE should be recommended to instruct bowel preparation in patients undergoing colonoscopy because it can increase the PDR, ADR, and SSADR. However, further trials are warranted to determine the efficacy of EPE for AADR, ADR-plus, and CDR because of limited data.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 723: 137923, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220730

RESUMO

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a well-known "toxic gas". It represents a toxic inhalation hazard at high concentration and is commonly found in polluted air. However, a series of recent studies have suggested that low concentration of CO can also produce protective functions. This study was performed to investigate the association between ambient CO exposure and vaginitis outpatient visits. Daily baseline outpatient data of vaginitis from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were obtained from Xi'an, a heavily-polluted metropolis in China. The over-dispersed Poisson generalized additive model was applied to discover the relations between short-term ambient CO exposure and the number of vaginitis outpatient visits by adjusting day of the week and weather conditions. A total of 16,825 outpatient hospital visits for vaginitis were recorded. The mean daily concentration of carbon monoxide (CO) was well below Chinese and WHO guidelines. During the study period, increased levels of ambient CO was associated with reduced outpatient-visits through concurrent to lag 5 days, and the most significant association was evidenced at lag 05. A 0.1 mg/m3 increase in daily average CO at lag 05 corresponded to -1.25% (95%CI: -1.85%, -0.65%) change in outpatient-visits for vaginitis. Moreover, the association was more significant in those women aged 20-29 years. After adjustment for PM10, PM2.5, SO2, and NO2, and O3, the negative associations of CO with vaginitis kept significant, suggesting relative stability of effect estimates. In summary, this is the first evidence that increased ambient CO exposure can be related to reduced daily outpatient visits for vaginitis. The results of our study may not only help to establish more comprehensive understanding of the health effects of ambient air on vaginitis and other gynecological diseases, but also provide a clue to new potential interventions.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 192: 110283, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061980

RESUMO

Menstrual disorders are common diseases among reproductive-aged women with increasing concerns. Until now, there have been limited studies about the association between menstrual disorders and air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between short-term (concurrent day and within 1 week prior) ambient air pollution exposure and menstrual disorder outpatient visits in Xi'an, a metropolis in northwestern China. Daily baseline outpatient data of menstrual disorders from January 1, 2010 to February 18, 2016 (2239 days) were obtained. An over-dispersed Poisson generalized additive model was applied to discover the relationship between short-term air pollution exposure and the number of menstrual disorder outpatient visits by adjusting the day of the week and weather conditions. A total of 51,893 outpatient visits for menstrual disorders were recorded. A 10 µg/m3 increase of PM10 and NO2 concentrations corresponded to 0.236% (95% Cl: 0.075%, 0.397%) and 2.173% (95% Cl: 0.990%, 3.357%) elevations in outpatient-visits for menstrual disorders at lag 7 and lag 01 (concurrent day and previous 1 day), respectively. The association was more significant in young females (18-29 years) and there was no obvious association observed between SO2 and menstrual disorder outpatient visits. This is the first evidence that short-term exposure to ambient air pollution can be associated with an increased risk of menstrual disorder attacks. The results of our study may help to establish more comprehensive understanding of the health effects of ambient air pollution on menstrual disorders and other reproductive diseases.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Distúrbios Menstruais/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Material Particulado/análise , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , China , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Distúrbios Menstruais/induzido quimicamente , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tempo (Meteorologia) , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Mol Biol ; 432(7): 2141-2163, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087196

RESUMO

Cells have evolved molecular chaperones that modulate phase separation and misfolding of amyloidogenic proteins to prevent neurodegenerative diseases. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), mainly located at the endoplasmic reticulum and also present in the cytosol, acts as both an enzyme and a molecular chaperone. PDI is observed to be S-nitrosylated in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients, but the mechanism has remained elusive. We herein report that both wild-type PDI and its quadruple cysteine mutant only having chaperone activity, significantly inhibit pathological phosphorylation and abnormal aggregation of Tau in cells, and significantly decrease the mitochondrial damage and Tau cytotoxicity resulting from Tau aberrant aggregation, highlighting the chaperone property of PDI. More importantly, we show that wild-type PDI is selectively recruited by liquid droplets of Tau, which significantly inhibits phase separation and stress granule formation of Tau, whereas S-nitrosylation of PDI abrogates the recruitment and inhibition. These findings demonstrate how phase separation of Tau is physiologically regulated by PDI and how S-nitrosylation of PDI, a perturbation in this regulation, leads to disease.

6.
Mol Immunol ; 117: 122-130, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765841

RESUMO

The acute phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP) binds with high affinity to fibronectin (FN), but this binding occurs only at pH 6.5 or lower, and the binding is inhibited by calcium ions at physiological pH. Since CRP in the circulating blood exists in a calcium-binding form, the interaction between CRP and FN in vivo has been uncertain. CRP can undergo a conformational rearrangement in the absence of calcium or in the local microenvironment (e.g., acidic pH) of inflamed tissue to dissociate into monomeric CRP (mCRP). Therefore, we tested whether these discrepancies can be explained by the different isoforms and locations of CRP. Surface plasmon resonance and ELISA assays showed that mCRP binds with high affinity to FN, and the binding of mCRP to FN was unaffected by calcium or pH. Peptide competition assay, deletion mutant binding assay and protein docking analyse verified that the binding site of mCRP to FN is residues a.a.35-47. Furthermore, mCRP can significantly enhance the adhesion of monocytes to FN as well as upregulate the adhesion molecules expression on endothelial cell. Colocalization of mCRP with FN was observed in mice with DSS-induced colitis, whereas there was very little signal orcolocalization of CRP. These results provide in vitro and in vivo evidence that mCRP formed by local dissociation from circulating CRP is the major isoform that interacts with FN and regulates FN-mediated monocyte adhesion, which is involved in the pro-inflammatory process.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18178, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770269

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Occasionally, tubulointerstitial lesions can be found in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, significantly isolated tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with germinal centers is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-year-old Chinese Han patient showed rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, anuria, and serum creatinine of 19.4 mg/dL. DIAGNOSIS: He had positive ANCA targeting myeloperoxidase (55.0 RU/mL). The renal biopsy showed crescent formation in 100% of glomeruli. Of special note, the glomerular crescents were surrounded by granulomatous inflammation, extensive tubular destruction or disappearance, and massive interstitial infiltration. A diagnosis of AAV was thus made with the involved organ restricted to the kidney. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent 7 rounds of plasmapheresis, 3 pulses of methylprednisolone therapy (500 mg per pulse), and oral prednisolone (50 mg/d). Rituximab (500 mg) was used after the plasma exchange treatment. OUTCOMES: ANCA was negative, while anti-modified C-reactive protein (anti-mCRP) antibodies remained positive. The patient was dependent on hemodialysis. We found anti-mCRP antibody in the serum of the patient, with the major epitope on amino acids 35 to 47 of mCRP. LESSONS: We proposed that the anti-mCRP antibody might play an important role in this case of acute TIN in AAV.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Nefrite Intersticial , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Plasmaferese/métodos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/diagnóstico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/fisiopatologia , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/terapia , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Testes de Função Renal/métodos , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Nefrite Intersticial/diagnóstico , Nefrite Intersticial/imunologia , Nefrite Intersticial/fisiopatologia , Nefrite Intersticial/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497604

RESUMO

Background: Colonoscopy remains an optimal approach for early detection and treatment of gastrointestinal lesions, however adequate bowel preparation is the critical contributor to effective and safe colonoscopy. Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based bowel cleansing regime has been the first recommendation before colonoscopy, however it remains unknown which regime is the optimal option. Aim: The aim of our study is to determine the comparative efficacy of 2 L PEG alone or plus ascorbic acid (Asc) vs. 4 L PEG alone for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy. Methods: We assigned two independent investigators to search and screen potential records, extract essential information, and appraise the risk of bias of individual study accordingly. Then, we adopted RevMan 5.3, Stata 14.0, and WinBUGS 1.4 software to perform all statistical analyses. We also calculated the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SCURA) in order to rank all regimes. Results: Twelve studies involving 4,106 patients were analyzed finally. Pooled results indicated an improved bowel preparation efficacy in 2 L PEG plus ascorbic acid with split-dose regime rather than in 2 L PEG plus ascorbic acid (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36), 4 L PEG with split dose (OR, 3.18; 95% CI, 2.17-4.66), and 4 L PEG (OR, 4.53; 95% CI, 3.07-6.67) regimes, which was confirmed by network meta-analyses; a better compliance in 2 L PEG plus Asc with split dose (OR, 3.08; 95% CI, 1.51-6.30) and 4 L PEG with split dose (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.22-0.82) regime rather than in 4 L PEG regime, but network meta-analyses generated inconsistency results; a higher preference in 2 L PEG plus Asc with split dose regime rather than in 4 L PEG split dose (OR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.02-4.90), which were not supported by network meta-analyses; no statistically significant difference when all regimes compared with each other in terms of adverse events. Conclusions: As for bowel preparation before colonoscopy, 2 L PEG ascorbic acid with split dose should be optimally prescribed. Further studies investigating the comparative efficacy of 2 L PEG related to 4 L PEG, 4 L PEG with split dose, and 2 L PEG plus ascorbic acid with split dose, respectively are needed.

10.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 158, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334239

RESUMO

Background: Castor oil (CaO) has the potential of halving the required volume of bowel preparation solution; however, no clinical trial investigated the efficacy of CaO on bowel preparation for colonoscopy in addition to polyethylene glycol (PEG). Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate efficacy and safety of lower dose PEG together with 30 mL CaO alone or plus ascorbic acid (Asc) in bowel preparation before colonoscopy. Methods: Two hundred and forty-six patients were allocated randomly to ingest 2 L PEG with 30 mL CaO, 1 L PEG with 30 mL CaO plus 5 g Asc, or 3 L PEG. We used Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) to evaluate bowel preparation efficacy. We also determined other outcomes such as procedure time, polyp or adenoma detection rate, and adverse events (AEs). Results: Of 282 patients recruited, 36 were excluded. Groups were matched for baseline characteristics except weight (P = 0.020) and body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.003). Patient's satisfaction was higher in 2 L PEG-CaO (P = 0.016) and 1 L PEG-CaO-Asc groups (P = 0·017). Patients' compliance was 67.5, 71.4, and 80.5% in 3 L PEG, 2 L PEG-CaO, and 1 L PEG-CaO-Asc groups (P = 0.014). Adequate bowel preparation rate was 75, 78.57, and 53.66% in 3 L PEG, 2 L PEG-CaO, and 1 L PEG-CaO-Asc groups (P = 0.021). There were no differences in terms of remaining outcomes. Conclusions: Despite an increase in patients' satisfaction and compliance, 1 L PEG-CaO-Asc significantly decreased adequate bowel preparation rate. However, 2 L PEG-CaO improved the patients' satisfaction and compliance and increased adequate bowel preparation rate (Registration number, ChiCTR-IIR-17012418).

11.
Food Chem ; 293: 254-262, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151609

RESUMO

This study reported a novel highly active alkaline urate oxidase (UOX) and demonstrated its application in reducing uric acid content of food under alkaline conditions. The UOX gene was cloned from Arxula adeninivorans NBRC 10858, and its N-terminally his6-tagged form (rUOX) was overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The rUOX displayed maximal activity at 40 °C and pH 10, kept more than 90% initial activity under alkaline conditions (pH 9-11) and more than 80% at temperatures below 55 °C. The apparent Km, turnover number (kcat) and catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) values for the substrate uric acid were respective 29.15 µM, 151.16 s-1 and 5.19 s-1. µM-1, which are improvements over previously reported UOXs. The rUOX efficiently reduced uric acid and purine contents in beer, beef and yeast extract at pH 10, indicating a promising application in food with low purine and uric acid contents to prevent hyperuricemia and gout.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/genética , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Saccharomycetales/enzimologia , Urato Oxidase/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/análise , Animais , Cerveja/análise , Catálise , Bovinos , Temperatura Alta , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hiperuricemia/prevenção & controle , Carne/análise , Purinas/análise , Urato Oxidase/genética
12.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 92, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134201

RESUMO

Background: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been regarded as the primary recommendation for bowel preparation before colonoscopy. However, a conclusive conclusion has not yet been generated. Aim: We performed this updated meta-analysis to further investigate the comparative efficacy and safety of low volume preparation based on PEG plus ascorbic acid related to 4L PEG. Methods: A systematic search was conducted to retrieve potential randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from January 2000 to April 2018. Two independent searchers critically searched all potential citations, extracted data, and appraised risk of bias accordingly. Moreover, we used the STATA 12.0 and trial sequential analysis (TSA) 0.9 to complete all analyses. Results: A total of 13 RCTs enrolling 3,910 patients met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis based on PP analysis indicated that compared to standard volume PEG regime, low volume regime improved patient compliance RR = 1.01; 95% CIs = 1.00, 1.03; P = 0.143 (≥75% intake); RR = 1.07; 95% CIs = 1.00, 1.14; P = 0.046 (100% intake), the willingness to repeat the same regime (RR = 1.30; 95% CIs = 1.07, 157; P = 0.007), and patient acceptability (RR = 1.18; 95% CIs = 1.07, 1.29; P = 0.001), and decreased the overall adverse events (RR = 0.86; 95% CIs = 0.77, 0.96; P = 0.009). However, no difference was observed between these two different solutions for bowel preparation efficacy (RR = 0.98; 95% CIs = 0.95, 1.02; P = 0.340). These all results were further confirmed by TSA. Conclusions: The effect of low volume regime was not inferior to the standard volume PEG regime, and low volume regime was associated with better compliance when subjects ingested all the solution, willingness to repeat the same regime, higher acceptability, and lower nausea in non-selected population.

13.
Front Oncol ; 9: 165, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967996

RESUMO

Background: Oral mucositis is an inevitable and distressing adverse event patients, who were treated with irradiation for head and neck cancer, face. Although several studies have investigated the potential of oral zinc sulfate in preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancers, conclusive results have not yet been found. Objective: The aim of the present study is to determine whether oral zinc sulfate is effective in preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis, in patients with head and neck cancers. Methods: We electronically searched all potential citations in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and EBSCO from their inception to December 2018. After the search and checked literatures, extracted data and appraised risk of bias, RevMan software version 5.3 was used to perform meta-analysis. Results: Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 162 patients were included. A meta-analysis showed that zinc sulfate did not decrease the incidence (RR [relative risk], 0.97; 95% CI [confidence interval], 0.74-1.28), and did not relieve the moderate and severe grade of radiation induced oral mucositis (moderate and severe oral mucositis: RR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.14-4.87; severe oral mucositis: RR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.00-38.98). A qualitative analysis suggested that zinc sulfate was associated with the onset of oral mucositis. Conclusions: Based on limited evidence, zinc sulfate may not have the benefit of prophylaxis against radiation-induced oral mucositis, in patients with head and neck cancers. However, further RCTs with larger sample sizes and more rigorous methodologies are needed to enhance the evidence of these results.

14.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(6): 10495-10504, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30635938

RESUMO

Tongue cancer remains a massive threat to public health due to the high rate of metastasis. Tumor cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which can be induced by transforming growth factor ß1 (TGFß1), has been regarded as a significant contributor to cancer invasion and migration. In our previous study, long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1/miR-124/JAG1 axis modulates the growth of tongue cancer. In addition to metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), another lncRNA, urothelial cancer associated 1 (UCA1), can promote EMT and cancer metastasis. In the present study, UCA1 was overexpressed in tongue cancer tissues and cell lines. UCA1 overexpression was correlated to the poorer prognosis of patients with tongue cancer. UCA1 knockdown significantly suppressed TGFß1-induced tongue cancer cell invasion and EMT by decreasing vimentin and increasing E-cadherin. Regarding the molecular mechanism, UCA1 could directly bind to microRNA-124 (miR-124) and negatively regulate each other. UCA1 knockdown ameliorated, whereas miR-124 inhibition exacerbated TGFß1-induced EMT and invasion in tongue cancer cells through miR-124 downstream jagged 1 (JAG1) and Notch signaling. Moreover, miR-124 inhibition partially impaired the effect of UCA1 knockdown. In tongue cancer tissues, miR-124 expression was remarkably decreased, whereas JAG1 mRNA expression was increased. miR-124 was negatively correlated with UCA1 and JAG1. UCA1 and JAG1 were positively correlated. In summary, we provided a novel mechanism by which the EMT process and cancer cell invasion in tongue cancer could be modulated from the perspective of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulation.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 244: 102-108, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30326384

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a devastating neuropsychiatric disorder with increasing concern. Limited studies have been conducted to assess the relationship between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and schizophrenia attacks. This study aimed to investigate the associations between short-term air pollution exposure and schizophrenia outpatient visits based on a time-series study performed in China. Daily data of schizophrenia outpatient admissions and air pollution from 1 October 2010 to 31 December 2013 were collected in Xi'an, a heavily-polluted city in China. We utilized a time-series Poisson regression model to examine the associations between short-term air pollution and schizophrenia outpatient visits with different lag days. A total of 34,865 outpatient-visits for schizophrenia were identified. A 10 µg/m3 increase of PM10, SO2, and NO2 concentrations corresponded to 0.289% (95% Cl: 0.118%, 0.460%), 1.374% (95% Cl: 0.723%, 2.025%), and 1.881% (95% Cl: 0.957%, 2.805%) elevation in outpatient-visits for schizophrenia at lag 0, and the associations appeared to be stronger, although not statistically significantly, in females and in middle and older age adults (40 and over). The most significant associations were observed on the concurrent day in different lag models. In conclusion, short-term exposure to ambient air pollution (PM10, SO2, and NO2) can be associated with increased risk of daily outpatient visits for schizophrenia, which may contribute to the further understanding of the potential adverse effects of air pollution in schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise
16.
Connect Tissue Res ; 60(4): 323-334, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277081

RESUMO

Purpose: Our previous studies indicate that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-treated U937 cells cultured on collagen I-coated dishes express lowered production of pro-inflammatory mediators in parallel through reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. By contrast, PMA-treated U937 cells on gelatin, the denatured collagen, show enhanced production of pro-inflammatory mediators, mediated by up-regulating autophagy levels. The present study is aimed to investigate the effect of ROS levels in PMA-treated U937 cells cultured on gelatin-coated surface. Material and methods: MTT assay, flow cytometric analysis of ROS and autophagy, biochemical detection of antioxidant levels, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and western blot were used. Results: Gelatin-coating increased ROS levels in PMA-treated U937 cells. Increased ROS levels are involved in the regulation of cell aggregation and the release of pro-inflammatory mediators in gelatin-coated culture. These results lead to the query about the crosstalk between the two positive regulators, the autophagy and ROS. Autophagy induction is attenuated by N-acetyl-L-cysteine treatment, but the treatment with autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine, does not affect ROS levels, suggesting ROS are upstream of autophagy in the regulation axis of differentiated U937 cells on gelatin-coated surface. Further study confirmed that upregulation of autophagy was responsible for ROS-induced cell aggregation and production of pro-inflammatory mediators. Conclusion: The results suggest that gelatin-coating promotes the aggregation of PMA-treated U937 cells and the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by ROS-autophagy signaling pathway.

17.
Cardiovasc Res ; 115(2): 440-452, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992240

RESUMO

Aims: Circulating proteins larger than 3 nm can be transported across continuous endothelial barrier of blood vessels via transcytosis. However, excessive accumulation of serum proteins within the vessel walls is uncommon even for those abundant in the circulation. The aim of this study was to investigate how transcytosis regulates tissue accumulation of the prototypical acute-phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP) and other serum proteins. Methods and results: Transcytosis of CRP as well as of transferrin and low-density lipoprotein across aortic endothelial cells is bidirectional with directional preference from the apical (blood) to basolateral (tissue) direction both in vitro and in vivo. This directional preference is, however, reversed by the basement membrane (BM) matrix underlying the basolateral surface of endothelial cells. This is due to the sieving effect of the BM that physically hinders the diffusion of transcytosed proteins from the apical compartment towards underlying tissues, resulting in immediate retrograde transcytosis that limits basolateral protein accumulation. Conversely, CRP produced within vessel wall lesions can also be transported into the circulation. Conclusion: Our findings identify matrix sieving-enforced retrograde transcytosis as a general mechanism that prevents excessive tissue accumulation of blood-borne proteins and suggest that lesion-derived CRP might also contribute to elevated serum CRP levels associated with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.

18.
Front Oncol ; 8: 484, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510915

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis is an extremely serious complication faced by cancer patients. The role of oral zinc sulfate in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis remains a subject of debate. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the potential of oral zinc sulfate to alleviate this morbid condition. A systematic search was conducted electronically in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to capture all potential randomized controlled trials investigating efficacy and safety of oral zinc sulfate in prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis, and the retrieval time was limited from their inception to April 2018. We assigned two independent investigators to perform a search, screen citations, extract information, and evaluate the risk of bias in all included trials. Subsequently, the RevMan 5.3 software was utilized to perform all statistical analyses. We included five eligible studies involving 352 patients. Meta-analysis based on limited data revealed that oral zinc sulfate failed to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (RR [relative risk] = 0.52, 95% CI [confidence interval] = 0.17-1.64) as well as relieve chemotherapy-induced oral mucositits grade (RR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.11-3.56; RR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.29-1.71). Moreover, qualitative analyses also suggested that oral zinc sulfate was not associated with reduced oral pain intensity, delayed onset of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis, decreased adverse events, or improved quality of life compared with control regimes. Oral zinc sulfate may not provide clinical benefits in preventing or reducing incidence, severity, or pain intensity of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in cancer patients. However, more studies with large-scale and rigorous methods are warranted for the purpose of further investigating efficacy and safety of oral zinc sulfate for this pathologic condition due to the presence of limitations.

19.
Oncol Rep ; 40(5): 3112, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30226621

RESUMO

We wish to retract our research article entitled "Long non­coding RNA MALAT1 interacts with miR­124 and modulates tongue cancer growth by targeting JAG1" published in Oncology Reports 37 2087­2094, 2017. Following the publication of this article, it was drawn to our attention that this paper bore numerous similarites with an article published previously in the journal OncoTargets and Therapy. Although all the data reported in our study were original, we recognize that it was not appropriate that we should have modelled our paper on previously published articles as a template on which to base the writing of our paper. Therefore, we have agreed to follow the Editor's recommendation that this paper be retracted from the publication. All the named authors agree to this retraction. We sincerely apologize to the Editor and the readership of the Journal for our action, and regret any inconvenience this has caused. [the original article was published in the Oncology Reports 37: 2087­2094, 2017; DOI: 10.3892/or.2017.5445].

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 107: 1377-1384, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is one of the three primary causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study evaluated ApoC3 in placenta cells of mice with preeclampsia to explore its therapeutic role in preeclampsia and assess its function on oxidative stress and inflammatory responses involving the NF-κB signaling pathway. METHODS: A mouse model of preeclampsia was successfully established. APOC3-siRNA with the best silencing effect was screened out. The expression levels of ApoC3, p65, and IkBα were evaluated. The effect of ApoC3 silencing on metabolic activity and apoptosis was measured. The level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CPR), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), the activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9, and the expression of malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-isoprostane and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) were determined. RESULTS: ApoC3-siRNA-3 was the most effective siRNA. The mRNA expression of ApoC3 was scarcely observed, while the expression of p65 decreased and the expression of p-IkBα increased in the ApoC3-siRNA group. Compared with those in the model and empty vector groups, the cell apoptosis rate and the activities of invasion-related factors MMP-2 and MMP-9 increased, while the levels of hs-CPR, IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, 8-isoprostane, and ox-LDL decreased in the ApoC3-siRNA group. CONCLUSION: Silencing ApoC3 could suppress the NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby exercising a protective effect on cell injury induced by oxidative stress and reducing inflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína C-III/genética , Inativação Gênica , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Estresse Oxidativo , Placenta/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Placenta/imunologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/imunologia , Gravidez , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais
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