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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2912-2922, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467681

RESUMO

The dried fruit body of Phylloporia ribis(Hymenochaetaceae), which prefers to live on the stumps of Lonicera japonica(Caprifoliaceae), has a variety of activities, whereas its pharmacodynamic material basis is not completely clear and there are few reports on its quality control and evaluation. In this study, an UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was used to analyze the nucleosides and nucleobases in P. ribis and a HPLC method was established for simultaneous determination of 10 nucleosides and nucleobases. MS and MS/MS data were acquired in positive ion mode. Based on the data comparison of the sample and the reference substance, the literature data and the compound databases of ChemSpider and PubChem, 18 nucleosides and nucleobases were identified qualitatively from the water extract of P. ribis for the first time. After optimization, the HPLC was performed using a Welch Ultimate AQ C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) by gradient elution with acetonitrile and water as mobile phase, the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), the detection wavelength of 260 nm, and the column temperature of 30 ℃. Through the investigation of the extraction method, solvent and time, it was determined that the test solution should be obtained by cold water extraction for 18 h. At the present HPLC conditions, 10 components of uracil, cytidine, hypoxanthine, uridine, thymine, inosine, guanosine, 2'-deoxyinosine, 2'-deoxyguanosine and thymidine could be well separated(R > 1.5) and showed good linearity(r > 0.999 9) in the concentration ranges of 0.247-24.7, 0.283-28.3, 0.273-27.3, 0.256-25.6, 0.257-25.7, 0.318-31.8, 0.245-24.5, 0.267-26.7, 0.250-25.0 and 0.267-26.7 mg·L~(-1), respectively. The average reco-veries of 10 components were 95.78%-104.5%, and the RSDs were 2.2%-5.2%(n=6). The contents of 10 nucleosides and nucleobases in different samples of P. ribis varied greatly, which were 0.021-0.122, 0.004-0.029, 0.014-0.226, 0.009-0.442, 0.003-0.014, 0.002-0.146, 0.007-0.098, 0-0.054, 0.005-0.069, 0.004-0.081 and 0.072-1.28 mg·g~(-1) for uracil, cytidine, hypoxanthine, uridine, thymine, inosine, guanosine, 2'-deoxyinosine, 2'-deoxyguanosine, thymidine and total 10 components, respectively. These results demonstrated that the components had significant differences in the internal quality, and good quality control was needed to ensure the medical efficacy. This study provides a scientific basis for the discovery of pharmacodynamic ingredients, quality control and evaluation of P. ribis.


Assuntos
Nucleosídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Basidiomycota , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Guanosina
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2889-2899, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467710

RESUMO

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix,derived from the root of Sophora flavescens in the Leguminosae family,has been widely used in the medicine,agriculture,animal husbandry,and daily chemical industry. A pharmacophore model-based method for rapid discovery of tyrosinase inhibitors( TIs) from S. flavescens was established by molecular docking under Lipinski rules,and verified by enzyme assays. Briefly,the chemical constituent database of S. flavescens( CDSF) was established based on the previous papers. Theoptimal pharmacophore model( OPM) was constructed by DS 2019 on the basis of known active TIs. Eighty-three hits predominated by flavonoids having higher fitting scores with OPM than the positive control were screened out,and subjected to molecular docking based on the three-dimensional structure of tyrosinase crystal protein. The potential TIs such as kurarinone and nor-kurarinone were rapidly discovered from the compounds with higher docking scores than the positive control under the Lipinski rules. The results were verified by the in vitro enzyme assays. The inhibition activities of tyrosinase from non-medicinal parts of S. flavescens were also tested to explore the relationship between the inhibition activity and chemical compositions. This study is expected to provide data support for the comprehensive application and development of S. flavescens and also a new method for the rapid discovery of active substances or functional constituents in the complex systems.


Assuntos
Sophora , Animais , Flavonoides , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4034-4039, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467712

RESUMO

As anti-aging ingredients, ß-nicotinamide mononucleotide(NMN) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD~+) have attracted worldwide attention in recent years. After oral administration, NMN can be converted into NAD~+ in vivo and the latter is the actual ingredient which exerts anti-aging effect. In order to explore the "rejuvenating and anti-aging" effect of Dendrobium officinale, which was firstly recorded in Shennong's Herbal Classic of Materia Medica, this study established the quantitative method of UPLC-MS/MS for simultaneous determination of NMN and NAD~+ in D. officinale and the congeneric species for the first time, and 34 batches of samples were detected. UPLC conditions are as follows: ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 µm), gradient elution with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water at the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and column temperature of 40 ℃. MS conditions were scanned electrospray ionization source and multiple reaction monitoring mode. The method was verified by systematic methodology. The mean recoveries of NMN and NAD~+ were 77.58% and 80.70%, respectively, with RSD of 3.6% and 4.3%, separately. All results showed that the content of NMN was higher in D. officinale than in the other congeneric species. Particularly, the content in fresh D. officinale stems was as high as 0.931 9 µg·g~(-1). NAD~+ was only found in D. officinale and the content was three times higher than that of NMN. This may be the reason that D. officinale topped the "nine famous anti-aging herbs". In addition, processing method influences the content of NMN and NAD~+ in Dendrobium. Specifically, the content of NMN and NAD~+ was in the order of fresh Dendrobium stems > dried Dendrobium stem segments > spiral or spring-like dried Dendrobium stems.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Mononucleotídeo de Nicotinamida , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , NAD , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4040-4050, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467713

RESUMO

In recent years, the establishment of the commercial grade of Yinpian [traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pieces for decoction] in the TCM industry has been hotly disputed. In this article, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix(SFR) was selected as a representative example to investigated. Through systematic comparison and analysis, the different grades of SFR slices were traced, verified and evaluated. According to the current published local grade standards of SFR slices, the results showed that the first-class of SFR slices were mostly derived from the wild medicinal materials, the second-class were mostly originated from the cultivated materials in 3-4 years, and the third-class products were from a small number of lateral roots and short-growing years or harsh habitat of wild medicinal materials. On the basis of identifying the sources of different grades of SFR slices, the contents of the active components, including matrine, oxymatrine, oxysophocarpine, sophoridine, N-methyl-cytisine, sophocarpine, were quantitatively determined in typical samples, it was found that the grades were inversely proportional to the contents of active ingredients. In order to ensure the universality of the conclusion, the contents of different grades of commercial SFR slices were determined, and the conclusion was verified as "the commercial grades of SFR slices were inversely linked to their contents of active ingredients". This phenomenon is common in the determination of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome. Therefore, we propose that the method or standard of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome based on the size of Yinpian maybe not proper. Whether and how to classify Yinpian commercial grade is not only a multi-disciplinary issue, especially in combination with clinical efficacy, but also a big problem need to consider the production, commercial circulation and other processes link of quality risk and quality assurance, and should be treated with great caution.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4051-4060, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467714

RESUMO

This research established the HPLC methods for the determination of perillaketone, perillaldehyde, caffeic acid, scutellarin, and rosmarinic acid in 33 batches of Perillae Folium. Kromasil C_(18)(4.6 × 250 mm, 5 µm) chromatographic column was used, and the mobile phase for determination of the perillaketone and perillaldehyde was methanol-water(55∶45) solution, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), with the column temperature at 30 ℃. The mobile phase for the determination of caffeic acid, scutellarin and rosmarinic acid was methanol(A)-0.2% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B) with gradient elution(0-20 min, 25%-30% A; 20-60 min, 30%-43% A). The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The results showed that the established method can achieve good separation of the five components in samples, with a good linear relationship and high accuracy, indicating that the methods can be used for the determination of Perillae Folium. The results showed that all samples contained five components. And the content of rosmarinic acid(0.04%-1.57%) > scutellarin(0.03%-0.77%) > perillaldehyde(0.02%-0.66%) > perillaketone(0.03%-0.30%) > caffeic acid(0.006%-0.07%). Thirty-three Batches of Perillae Folium can be grouped into 5 categories. There are certain content rules and region specificities under different clusters. Perillaketone, perillaldehyde, and rosmarinic acid can be used as the main markers to evaluate the quality of Perillae Folium.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Folhas de Planta , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extratos Vegetais
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(11): 2629-2633, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296557

RESUMO

Hyperprolactinemia(HPRL) is one of the diseases leading to anovulatory infertility, which is a refractory gynecological disease and seriously affects female reproductive function. Professor MA Kun has summarized his experience in clinical and scientific studies for many years. And believes that kidney deficiency is the pathogenesis of HPRL and blood stasis is the dominant pathological manifestation of HPRL and can promote the progress of the disease. In view of this, Professor MA Kun took the therapy of kidney-tonifying and blood-activating as the principle for treating anovulatory infertility caused by HPRL, with soothing the liver and promoting Qi as adjuvant therapies. She has also summarized and refined the prescriptions for tonifying kidney and inducing ovulation, which have a remarkable clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hiperprolactinemia , Infertilidade Feminina , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperprolactinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Rim , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 275: 114045, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831463

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Dang-Gui-Si-Ni (DGSN) decoction as a classic prescription has been widely used for thousands of years in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Especially in recent years, the potential efficacy of TCM for the treatment of Raynaud's syndrome has attracted great attention as there are still no specific remedies for this disease. However, the active constituents and underlying mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic benefits are not well understood, which makes it difficult to ensure quality control or to design research and drug development strategies. To identify the potential pharmacodynamic ingredients (PPIs) of TCM will help to achieve suitable process control procedures for industrial production and large-scale manufacturing. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we propose a multi-dimensional qualitative analysis method combining water-decoction spectra, in-vitro intestinal absorption spectra, in-vivo plasma spectra, and molecular docking of components to quickly identify the PPIs for the DGSN decoction of TCM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Water-based decoctions of DGSN were prepared in accordance with the clinical use registered in ancient books. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/TOF-MS) coupled with computerized modelling activity screening was used to quickly identify the PPIs of the DGSN decoction. Bioactive compounds absorbed in vitro were identified using the everted intestinal sac model from rats and compounds absorbed in vivo were confirmed in portal vein blood samples obtained following oral administration in rats. Molecular docking validation experiments were adopted to predict the binding activity to coagulation factors I, II, VII, X, and IX. The active components were further confirmed by pharmacodynamics analysis. The anticoagulant activity of the DGSN decoction was verified using rat models. RESULTS: Thirty-one compounds were identified in the DGSN decoction. According to the in vivo experiments, 22 compounds that could be absorbed in vivo were detected by the everted intestinal sac model in rats. This model greatly reduces the scope of PPIs and is easy to perform. Ten compounds were detected in the portal vein blood in rats. The compounds detected in plasma provide stronger evidence supporting the PPIs. Molecular docking in vitro experiments indicated that 7 compounds exhibited better binding activity with coagulation factors I, II, VII, X, and IX. The animal experiments confirmed that the DGSN decoction could improve the microcirculation, providing indirect proof of anticoagulant activity suggested by the molecular docking studies. Finally, based on the multi-dimensional methods, 9 potential compounds present in the DGSN decoction were identified as PPIs (i.e., ferulic acid, paeoniflorin, albiflorin, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, cinnamaldehyde and glycyrrhizic acid). CONCLUSION: Overall, this study combined the water-decoction spectra, intestinal absorption spectra in vitro, plasma spectra in vivo, and molecular docking studies to establish a multi-dimensional qualitative analysis method of the DGSN decoction. Meanwhile, 9 compounds in DGSN decoction were identified as PPIs using this method, and are proposed for application as quality standards for complex TCM prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Absorção Intestinal , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Nucleosídeos/análise , Nucleosídeos/química , Plasma/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Doença de Raynaud/tratamento farmacológico , Terpenos/análise , Terpenos/química
8.
Planta ; 253(5): 109, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871705

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: QTL mapping of stem diameter was carried out in three RIL populations using a high-density genetic map, and candidate genes related to stem diameter were predicted. Stem diameter is an important agronomic trait affecting soybean lodging and productivity. However, this trait is underexploited, and the underlying genetic mechanism in soybean remains unclear. In this study, three recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, including 156 F10 lines from Nannong 94-156 × Bogao (N × B), 127 F9 lines from Dongnong 50 × Williams 82 (D × W), and 146 F9 lines from Suinong 14 × Enrei (S × E), were used to identify QTLs for soybean stem diameter across multiple environments. Phenotype analysis revealed that stem diameter exhibited strong positive correlations with plant height and 100-seed weight, two of the most important yield components. A total of 12 QTLs for stem diameter were identified on eight chromosomes across three RIL populations and five environments. The most influential QTL that was stably identified across all the populations and environments, q11, explained 12.58-26.63% of the phenotypic variation. Detection of several environment-specific QTLs, including q14, q16, and q20, suggests that environments may also have important effects in shaping the natural variation in soybean stem diameter. Furthermore, we predicted candidate genes underlying the QTLs and found that several promising candidate genes may be responsible for the variation in stem diameter in soybean. Overall, the markers/genes linked closely or underlying the major QTLs may be used for marker-assisted selection of soybean varieties to enhance lodging resistance and even yield. Our results lay the foundation for the fine mapping of stem development-related genes to reveal the molecular mechanisms.


Assuntos
Locos de Características Quantitativas , Soja , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Ligação Genética , Fenótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Sementes , Soja/genética
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1168-1178, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787112

RESUMO

Triterpenoids are one of the most active constituents in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, but only oleanolic acid has been mostly studied. In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that other triterpenes from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus also have various biological activities, so it is necessary to build up a detailed profile of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) with mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm, with a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature of 25 ℃. The HPLC fingerprint of triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was built by testing 21 batches of samples from different sources. The structures of the total 15 common chromatographic peaks were elucidated with UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS technique and six of them were identified as tormentic acid, pomolic acid, maslinic acid, botulin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid by comparison to the reference substances. Under the same chromatographic condition, four main triterpenes(podocarboxylic acid, hawthorn acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) were quantified and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Meanwhile, with oleanolic acid(A) as the internal reference substance, quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method was used to analyze the above four components. The relative correction factor of oleanolic acid(B), hawthorn acid(C) and ursolic acid(D) to oleanolic acid was f_(B/A)=1.12, f_(C/A)=1.02 and f_(D/A)=0.88, respectively, and the relative retention values of these three to oleanolic acid was RRV_(B/A)=0.46, RRV_(C/A)=0.70 and RRV_(D/A)=1.03, respectively. The contents determined by two methods were similar. In conclusion, the method built in this paper is proved to be simple, reliable and specific for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, which can lay foundation for further assays of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the relative products.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ligustrum , Triterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 391-397, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645127

RESUMO

This paper aims to solve the problems of complicated-unstable test solution preparation process and insufficient extraction of the active ingredient astragaloside Ⅳ in the legal method for the determination of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix. The continuous single-factor analysis of seven main factors affecting the content of astragaloside Ⅳ was carried out by HPLC-ELSD, and then the pre-paration method of test solution was optimized. This optimized method exhibited excellent performance in precision, repeatability and stability. The average recovery rate of astragaloside Ⅳ was 99.65% with RSD 2.2%. Astragaloside Ⅳ showed a good linearity between the logarithm of peak area and the logarithm of injection quantity in the range of 0.46-9.1 µg(r=0.999 6). The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 29 batches of Astragali Radix were determined by the new and the legal methods. The results showed that the average content of astragaloside Ⅳ in these Astragali Radix samples determined by the former method was 1.458 times than that of the latter one, indicating the new method was simple, reliable and more adequate to extract target compound. According to the results, it is suggested to improve the content standard of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix in the new edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Triterpenos/análise
11.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 21(3): 336-361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912124

RESUMO

Many plants in the genus Zanthoxylum, belonging to the Rutaceae family, are used as folk medicines for the treatment of various diseases, which have gained much attention for their phytochemical and pharmacological activity investigations. Alkaloids are the largest secondary metabolites with structurally diverse types found in this genus and they demonstrate a wide range of biological activities. The aim of this review is to provide a summary on the isolation, classification, and biological properties of alkaloids from Zanthoxylum species, which also will bring more attention to other researchers for further biological study on alkaloids for the new drug development.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Zanthoxylum/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Humanos
12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(4): 1382-1395, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese medicine (CM) classifies psoriasis vulgaris into three syndromes: blood-heat syndrome (BHS), blood-stasis syndrome (BSS), and blood-dryness syndrome (BDS). The levels of several immunological serum markers in BHS have been established. We aimed to investigate the immune status of patients with psoriasis vulgaris of BSS and BDS. METHODS: Seven databases were searched, covering nearly 40 years. Fifteen studies including 957 individuals (386 patients with psoriasis vulgaris of BSS, 233 patients with BDS, and 338 healthy controls) were identified. Differences in interleukin (IL) levels between subjects and controls were pooled as mean differences (MDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a random-effects model. RESULTS: For BSS, interferon (IFN)-γ (MD 3.85, 95% CI: 1.27 to 6.44), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (MD 1.71, 95% CI: 0.70 to 2.72), IL-4 (MD 7.66, 95% CI: 4.67 to 10.65), IL-17 (MD 5.06, 95% CI: 0.28 to 9.85), IL-6 (MD 99.34, 95% CI: 45.84 to 152.84), and IL-22 (43.88, 95% CI: 28.17 to 59.59) levels were significantly higher in patients than in controls, while pooled IL-10 levels were lower in patients (MD -10.33, 95% CI: -12.03 to -8.63). The MD in IL-8 levels between cases and controls was not significant. Subjects with BDS showed higher levels of IFN-γ (MD 2.33, 95% CI: 0.22 to 4.45), TNF-α (MD 2.33, 95% CI: 1.26 to 3.40), and IL-23 (MD 46.18, 95% CI: -7.60 to 99.97) and lower levels of IL-4 levels (MD -2.47, 95% CI: -4.78 to -0.15) than did controls. The MDs in IL-17, IL-6, and IL-8 levels were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Our pooled analysis suggests that the levels of several ILs are specifically altered in BSS and BDS. Larger, well designed, controlled studies are needed to confirm these results and fully clarify these effects.


Assuntos
Psoríase/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Síndrome , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1558-1565, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489034

RESUMO

Ten compounds, including nucleosides and amino acids were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. HPLC fingerprints on these compounds in Alismatis Rhizoma were established for the first time. The comparisons of Alismatis Rhizoma from different regions were conducted by the similarity evaluation and hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA). Meanwhile, the HPLC-DAD method for the content determination of five nucleosides was also established. The results showed that the similarities of Alismatis Rhizoma collected from Sichuan and Fujian provinces were above 0.96, whereas they were less than 0.87 in those from Guangxi province. The results of HCA showed the samples from Sichuan and Fujian were gathered in the same group, all samples from Guangxi in another group, which indicated the similarities between samples from Sichuan and Fujian in nucleosides and they were different from the samples from Guangxi. The total contents of five nucleosides were revealed, of which samples from Sichuan and Fujian were 0.81-1.30 mg·g~(-1) followed a descending order of vernine>cytidine>uridine>adenine>adenosine, and from Guangxi were 0.35-0.50 mg·g~(-1) with the sequences of uridine>adenine>vernine>cytidine>adenosine. The nucleosides contents of samples from Sichuan and Fujian were both higher than that from Guangxi. For samples from Sichuan and Fujian, the former was slightly higher, except for adenine. These results would be helpful to reveal the bioactive constituents in aqueous extract and provided important evidences for the quality control of Alismatis Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Nucleosídeos , Rizoma
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1717-1725, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489054

RESUMO

The effects of the growing periods, processing methods, nutritive organs and cut parts of the herbs on the quality of Andrographis Herba have been studied, which could provide scientific basis for producing high-quality crude materials of Andrographis Herba. A quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker(QAMS) method was used to simultaneously determine 4 diterpene lactones of andrographolide(AD), neoandrographolide(NAD), 14-deoxyandrographolide(14-DAD), and dehydroandrographolide(DHAD) in 78 batches of Andrographis Herba samples. Visual analysis, clustering analysis and partial least squares discrimination analysis(PLS-DA) were used for data processing and mining. The growing periods of Andrographis Herba were divide into the rapid growing stage(Ⅰ), the luxuriant foliage stage(Ⅱ), the bud stage(Ⅲ), the flower stage(Ⅳ), the fruiting stage(Ⅴ) and the later fruiting stage(Ⅵ), six ones in total. The results showed that the total contents of 4 diterpene lactones(TC) kept almost constant in growing periods of Ⅰ-Ⅲ, began to fall off in growing period Ⅳ, decreased rapidly in growing period Ⅴ and reduced to minimum in growing period Ⅵ. Therefore, the best harvesting period for Andrographis Herba was the bud stage. For the processing methods, none significant difference occurred for TC between drying by the sun and drying in the shade. However, in comparison of the samples dried by the sun, the samples dried in the shade exhibited lower content of AD, nonetheless, the higher contents of DHAD and NAD, indicating that the process of drying in the shade may lead to the decomposition and transformation of AD. Therefore, when the weather conditions permitted, the method drying by the sun should be used. The distributions of AD, DHAD and TC in the different cut parts and nutritive organs were determined as follows: upper cut parts > middle cut parts ≈ entire herbs > lower cut parts, leaves > entire herbs > stems. Furthermore, the contents of 4 diterpene lactones in leaves and herbs were much higher than those in stems. Therefore, it was suggested that the upper and middle cut parts of the herbs or the parts containing leaves should be preferred for harvesting to ensure the proportion of the leaves in Andrographis Herba.


Assuntos
Andrographis , Diterpenos , Lactonas , Folhas de Planta
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1756-1763, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489058

RESUMO

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix is prepared from the root of Sophora flavescens. The comprehensive knowledge of the effective components in S. flavescens makes its quality standard improvement more possible. TLC identification method for main flavonoids and alkaloids in one test was established using GF_(254) thin layer plate and the lower solution of chloroform-methanol-water-formic acid(4∶2∶1∶0.6) as developing solvent. The quantitative method of marker alkaloids was revised including the simplified sample preparation procedure and the chromatographic conditions. The determination of four alkaloids in the samples indicated that 32 batches of tested samples were qualified ones. The total oxymatrine and matrine, total oxysophocarpine and sophocarpine, as well as total amount of four tested components in the different samples were 1.08%-2.55%, 0.369%-0.860%, 1.67%-3.40%, respectively. There was a significantly positive correlation between oxymatrine and oxysophocarpine. Total oxymatrine and matrine had same correlation with total oxysophocarpine and sophocarpine. The moisture content and extractive in 32 batches of samples fulfilled the require of not more than 11.0% and not less than 20.0%, respectively. Thirteen tested pesticides were not detected in 12 batches of samples. The present study provided the evidence for the revision of quality standard of Sophora Flavescentis Radix.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Flavonoides , Quinolizinas
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2091-2102, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495558

RESUMO

Taking Lonicerae Japonicae Flos as an example, the method of "expert consensus of different regions" was used to screen the representative samples and evaluate their commodity grades. The correlation analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) of "commodity grade-appearance characteristic-component content" were carried out to reveal the scientificity of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material. By referring to the existing literature and the grade investigation from the sample collection regions, 78 "initial grade" samples were screened out from 118 collected samples. Authoritative experts from four regions(n=4) including Linyi(Shangdong province), Bozhou(Anhui province), Anguo(Hebei province) and Beijing were organized to evaluate their commodity grades, separately. Based on the grade consistency rate(R_i≥70%), 69 "local grade" samples were screened out from the "initial grade" samples. Based on the average grade consistency rate ■ "authoritative grade" samples were screened out from the "local grade" samples, including15 first-grade samples, 9 second-grade samples, 11 third-grade samples and 17 fourth-grade samples. For these "authoritative grade" samples, the main appea-rance characteristics were quantified and the contents of 13 components were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). Furthermore, the total contents of 6 phenolic acids, 4 flavonoids and 3 iridoids were calculated, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that 4 appearance characteristics indices were correlated with the commodity grades: color, rate of yellow bars(including blooming flowers), rate of black heads(including black bars), and rate of stems and leaves(including bud debris). Five component content indices were correlated with the commodity grades: chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, sweroside, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids. Furthermore, chlorogenic acid, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids showed significantly negative correlation with the main appearance characteristics, indicating that the appearance characteristics of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos can reflect its internal quality, and these 3 indices can be used as quality markers(Q-markers). The results of hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the samples of four grades were classified into four categories, and the samples with the same grades and the same categories accounted for 80.8% of the total samples, while the samples with the different grades were obviously classified into different categories. The results of PLS-DA analysis showed that the samples of different grades showed obvious intragroup aggregation and intergroup dispersion. The above results indicated that it was feasible to evaluate the traditional commodity grade of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by the method of "expert consensus of different regions". For the evaluation of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material, the samples should be representative, expert conclusions should have enough consensuses, and grade determination should be authoritative. As the crystallization of clinical experience, traditional commodity grade can scientifically reflect the internal quality of Chinese medicinal material.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lonicera , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flores , Controle de Qualidade
17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 453-459, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of TET2 mutation(TET2mut) and SNP in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its effect on prognosis. METHODS: A total of 24 genes, including TET2, FLT3-ITD and NPM1, were detected in 124 adult AML patients using second-generation sequencing technology, and their clinical characteristics and effect on prognosis of patients were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 25 TET2 gene mutations were detected in 124 AML patients, the mutation rate was 20.2%, there were 75 cases of TET2 single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNP), accounting for 60.5%. There were 47 cases of SNPrs2454206(G>A), accounting for 37.9%. Compared with TET2 wild-type(TET2wt) patients, TET2mut patients were mostly elderly. TET2SNP was commonly seen in male, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). SNP rs2454206 had no significant correlation with sex and age (P>0.05). However, the analysis found that the complete remission rate of 1 course and the total complete rate (CR) of patients with TET2AG/GG were both obviously superior to those with TET2AA (P<0.05). In the univariate analysis, the overall survival(OS) rate of the patients with TET2mut was lower than that of patients with TET2wt, and the event free survival (EFS) rate was higher than that of TET2wt patients, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).The 1-year OS rate and EFS rate of the patients with TET2AA were significantly lower than those of the patients with TET2AG/GG (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that TET2AA was an independent risk factor for OS and EFS in AML patients. CONCLUSION: TET2 SNPrs2454206(G>A) commonly appears in patients with acute myeloid leukemia, and these patients have the better response to chemotherapy and a better prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Prognóstico
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(6): 1350-1356, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281347

RESUMO

To define the composition of relevant substances in Breviscapine for Injection, in order to improve the quality control of impurity, and ensure the clinical safety. The analysis and structural identification of relevant substances in different specifications and batches of Breviscapine for Injection powders were carried out by HPLC and UPLC-QTOF-MS. Three primary relevant substances, namely 5,6,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone-7-O-glucuronide(3), 3,5,6,7,4'-pentahydroxyflavone-3-O-glucuronide(4) and scutellarein(10), as well as three minor impurities, namely 6-hydroxyapigenin-6-O-glucosyl-7-O-glucuronide(1), methoxylscutellarin(6) and apigenin-7-O-glucuronide(7) were structurally identified by matching retention time, UV spectra, and mass spectra with authentic compounds and MS fragmentation rules. The main relevant substances(3) and(4) were separated and purified by semi-preparative HPLC, and their structures were further confirmed by NMR data. The study defined relevant substances of Breviscapine for Injection, and provided reference for improving the quality control level of single impurity in breviscapine preparation.


Assuntos
Apigenina/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Flavonoides/química , Glucuronídeos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Injeções , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Controle de Qualidade
19.
FASEB J ; 34(5): 6038-6054, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202355

RESUMO

Transfusion of autologous blood is a timesaving, convenient, safe, and effective therapy from a clinical perspective, and often employed for the treatment of diabetic patients. Stabilization of HIF-1α has been widely reported to be a critical factor in the improvement of wound healing in diabetes. Therefore, our study reveals the roles of improved autologous blood in wound healing in diabetes, through autologous blood transfusion in a mouse model. Initially, BALB/c mice were subjected to streptozotocin for diabetic mouse model establishment. Diabetic mice were transfused with improved or standard autologous blood in perfusion culture system. Roles of improved autologous blood in mediating HIF-1α pathway were determined by measuring expression of VEGF, EGF, HIF-1α, and HSP-90. In order to assess the detailed regulatory mechanism of improved autologous blood in perspective of wound healing, cell proliferation, migration and cell cycle, fibroblasts isolated from diabetic mice were transfected with HIF-1α siRNA. Mice transfused with improved autologous blood exhibited increased levels of CD31 and α-SMA in skin tissues, and reduced TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels, indicating that improved autologous blood promoted wound healing ability and reduced the release of inflammatory factors. Diabetic mice transfused with improved autologous blood presented activated HIF-1α pathway. The survival rate, proliferation, and migration of fibroblasts were elevated via activation of the HIF-1α pathway. Taken together, improved blood preservation solution could enhance the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells and wound healing in mice with diabetes, which is achieved through regulation of HIF-1α pathway.


Assuntos
Preservação de Sangue/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue Autóloga/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Cicatrização , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Camundongos
20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 242-247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of endothelial progenitor cells on monocrotaline-induced hepatic vein occlusion disease in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: saline group (n=15), monocrotaline group (n=15), and endothelial progenitor cell infusion group (n=15). Liver function (TBIL, ALT, AST), liver index, and serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were measured on the 8th day after intragastric administration. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic central venous endothelial cells and hepatocytes were observed by both HE and immunohistochemical staining. Hepatic fibrosis was observed by Masson's trichrome staining. RESULTS: By the light microscopy, the liver of the monocrotaline group showed moderate to the severe injuries of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells, and hepatic venous congestion. Masson staining showed moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis of central vein and hepatic sinus. In the endothelial progenitor cell group, hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cell injuries, and the fibrosis of central hepatic vein and hepatic sinus were mild to moderate. Hepatic venous congestion was reduced in comparison with that in the mice of the monocrotaline group. Compared with the endothelial progenitor cell group, the liver index was higher, the liver function was more abnormal, and the serum expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in the monocrotaline group. CONCLUSION: The monocrotaline-induced damage of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells is an linitiating factor for hepatic vein occlusive disease. Infusion of endothelial progenitor cells can play a role in preventing and treating hepatic vein occlusion.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Animais , Veias Hepáticas , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monocrotalina
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