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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1631-1636, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1) on the proliferation and cytokine expression of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). METHODS: Different concentrations of recombinant human HMGB1 protein (100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 ng/ml) were incubated with MSC for 24, 48, 72 h and the proliferation of MSC were detected respectively by using the CCK-8 method and flow cytometry. The best concentrations of HMGB1 incubated with MSC was determined (200 ng/ml, 1000 ng/ml), and the flow cytomerty was used to determine the effect of HMGB1 on the proliferation of MSC. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, TGF- ß1, TSG-6 and IFN-γ in MSC incubated with HMGB1 protein were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA. RESULTS: The result of MSC identification and flow cytometry showed that the CD105, CD73 and CD90 were expressed, but did not expression CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR; CCK-8 showed that HMGB1 at the concentrations of 100 ng/ml, 200 ng/ml and 400 ng/ml could promote the proliferation of MSC incubated for 24, 48 and 72 h as compared with the control group (P<0.05), and the most effective concentration was 200 ng/ml; flow cytometry showed that the compared with the control group, HMGB1 200 ng/ml could induce MSC from G1 phase to S phase to promote the proliferation of MSC; QPCR showed that the mRNA expression of MSC cytokines IL-10, TGF-ß1, TSG-6 increased while IFN-γ decreased at the concentration of 200 ng/ml HMGB1 as compared with the control group. ELISA experiments showed that the HMGB1 200 ng/ml acting on MSC for 48 h could significantly promoted the secretion of IL-10, TGF-ß 1 and TSG-6(P<0.05), while IFN-γ showed no significant difference as compared with control group. CONCLUSION: Recombinant human HMGB1 can promote the proliferation and secretion of MSC in healthy people.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos
2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211042502, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of medication nonadherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to establish a risk nomogram model. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients with T2DM, which were divided into two groups based on their scores on the Morisky Medication Adherence scale. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen for independent risk factors for medication nonadherence. A risk model was then established using a nomogram. The accuracy of the prediction model was evaluated using centrality measurement index and receiver operating characteristic curves. Internal verification was evaluated using bootstrapping validation. RESULTS: A total of 338 patients with T2DM who included in the analysis. Logistic regression analysis showed that the educational level, monthly per capita income, drug affordability, the number of drugs used, daily doses of drugs and the time spent taking medicine were all independent risk factors for medication nonadherence. Based on these six risk factors, a nomogram model was established to predict the risk of medication nonadherence, which was shown to be very reliable. Bootstrapping validated the nonadherence nomogram model for patients with T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: This nomogram model could be used to evaluate the risks of drug nonadherence in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nomogramas , China , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Adesão à Medicação , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Cell Immunol ; 368: 104419, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371260

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complicated rheumatic autoimmune disease. Lectin, galactoside-binding soluble, 2 (LGALS2), LGALS3 and LGALS9, three members of the galectin family, play potential roles in autoimmune diseases, including RA. However, association of genetic polymorphisms of LGALS2, LGALS3 and LGALS9 with RA risk in a Southern Chinese Han population has not been elucidated. A case-control study was conducted herein, including 500 RA patients and 650 healthy individuals of Southern Chinese Han origin. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs7291467 for the LGALS2 gene, rs4644, rs4652, rs1009977, rs2274273 and rs17128183 for the LGALS3 gene, and rs4795835, rs3763959, rs4239242, rs3751093, rs732222 and rs4794976 for the LGALS9 gene, were genotyped. Polymorphisms were genotyped using the KASP method. Frequencies of rs1009977 genotype TG and rs3751093 genotype GA of LGALS3 gene were significantly different between RA patients and healthy controls (P = 0.049, P = 0.033). Allele T and genotypes TT and TT + TG of rs4794976 for LGALS9 gene were significantly correlated with RA risk (P = 0.017, P = 0.012, P = 0.041). Subgroup analysis revealed that rs1009977, rs2274273 and rs17128183 polymorphisms of LGALS3 gene and rs4795835 polymorphism of LGALS9 gene were correlated with several RA clinical manifestations (all P < 0.05). In addition, haplotype GCGTT showed an increased risk for RA (OR = 1.216, 95% CI: 1.028-1.438, P = 0.023), whereas haplotype GCGTG showed a reduced risk for RA susceptibility (OR = 0.779, 95% CI: 0.625-0.971, P = 0.026). In conclusion, LGALS3 and LGALS9 gene polymorphisms may associate with RA predisposition in a Southern Chinese Han population.

4.
Am J Bot ; 108(8): 1441-1463, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431508

RESUMO

PREMISE: Microclimatic differences between the periphery and the interior of tree crowns result in a variety of adaptive leaf macromorphological and anatomical features. Our research was designed to reveal criteria for sun/shade leaf identification in two species of evergreen oaks, applicable to both modern and fossil leaves. We compared our results with those in other species similarly studied. METHODS: For both Quercus bambusifolia and Q. myrsinifolia (section Cyclobalanopsis), leaves from single mature trees with well-developed crowns were collected in the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, China. We focus on leaf characters often preserved in fossil material. SVGm software was used for macromorphological measurement. Quantitative analyses were performed and box plots generated using R software with IDE Rstudio. Leaf cuticles were prepared using traditional botanical techniques. RESULTS: Principal characters for distinguishing shade and sun leaves in the studied oaks were identified as leaf lamina length to width ratio (L/W), and the degree of development of venation networks. For Q. myrsinifolia, shade and sun leaves differ in tooth morphology and the ratio of toothed lamina length to overall lamina length. The main epidermal characters are ordinary cell size and anticlinal wall outlines. For both species, plasticity within shade leaves exceeds that of sun leaves. CONCLUSIONS: Morphological responses to sun and shade in the examined oaks are similar to those in other plant genera, pointing to useful generalizations for recognizing common foliar polymorphisms that must be taken into account when determining the taxonomic position of both modern and fossil plants.


Assuntos
Quercus , China , Folhas de Planta , Plantas , Árvores
5.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(1): e0082021, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406837

RESUMO

Karst caves have recently been demonstrated to act as a sink for atmospheric methane, due in part to consumption by microbes residing in caves that can oxidize methane at atmospheric levels. However, our knowledge about the responsible atmospheric methane-oxidizing bacteria (atmMOB) in this vast habitat remains limited to date. To address this issue, weathered rock samples from three karst caves were collected in Guilin City and subjected to high-throughput sequencing of pmoA and 16S rRNA genes. The results showed that members of the high-affinity upland soil cluster (USC), especially upland soil cluster gamma (USCγ), with absolute abundances of 104 to 109 copies · g-1 dry sample, dominated the atmMOB communities, while Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria dominated the overall bacterial communities. Moreover, USCγ was a keystone taxon in cooccurrence networks of both the atmMOB and the total bacterial community, whereas keystone taxa in the bacterial network also included Gaiella and Aciditerrimonas. Positive links overwhelmingly dominated the cooccurrence networks of both atmMOB and the total bacterial community, indicating a consistent response to environmental disturbances. Our study shed new insights on the diversity and abundances underlining atmMOB and total bacterial communities and on microbial interactions in subterranean karst caves, which increased our understanding about USC and supported karst caves as a methane sink. IMPORTANCE Karst caves have recently been demonstrated to be a potential atmospheric methane sink, presumably due to consumption by methane-oxidizing bacteria. However, the sparse knowledge about the diversity, distribution, and community interactions of methanotrophs requires us to seek further understanding of the ecological significance of methane oxidation in these ecosystems. Our pmoA high-throughput results from weathered rock samples from three karst caves in Guilin City confirm the wide occurrence of atmospheric methane-oxidizing bacteria in this habitat, especially those affiliated with the upland soil cluster, with a gene copy number of 104 to 109 copies per gram dry sample. Methanotrophs and the total bacterial communities had more positive than negative interactions with each other as indicated by the cooccurrence network, suggesting their consistent response to environmental disturbance. Our results solidly support caves as an atmospheric methane sink, and they contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the diversity, distribution, and interactions of microbial communities in subsurface karst caves.

6.
J Mol Histol ; 52(5): 905-918, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453661

RESUMO

Apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis contribute to vascular remodeling and injury. Elabela (ELA) serves as a crucial regulator to maintain vascular function and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertensive vascular remodeling. This study aims to explore regulatory roles and underlying mechanisms of ELA in rat aortic adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) in response to angiotensin II (ATII). In cultured AFs, exposure to ATII resulted in marked decreases in mRNA and protein levels of ELA, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as well as increases in apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, and cellular migration, which were partially blocked by the exogenous replenishment of ELA and recombinant FGF21, respectively. Moreover, treatment with ELA strikingly reversed ATII-mediated the loss of FGF21 and ACE2 levels in rat aortic AFs. FGF21 knockdown with small interfering RNA (siRNA) significantly counterbalanced protective effects of ELA on ATII-mediated the promotion of cell migration, apoptosis, inflammatory, and oxidative injury in rat aortic AFs. More importantly, pretreatment with recombinant FGF21 strikingly inhibited ATII-mediated the loss of ACE2 and the augmentation of cell apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammatory injury in rat aortic AFs, which were partially prevented by the knockdown of ACE2 with siRNA. In summary, ELA exerts its anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant effects in rat aortic AFs via activation of the FGF21-ACE2 signaling. ELA may represent a potential candidate to predict vascular damage and targeting the FGF21-ACE2 signaling may be a promising therapeutic intervention for vascular adventitial remodeling and related disorders.

8.
Front Nutr ; 8: 646819, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355008

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a serious hazard to public health, but the precise etiology of the disease is unclear. High intake of red meat diet is closely related to the occurrence of IBD. In this study, we investigated whether the high intake of red meat can increase the sensitivity of colitis and the underlying mechanism. Mice were fed with different levels of red meat for 8 weeks and then the colonic contents were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. Then 3% dextran sulfate sodium was used to induce colitis in mice. We observed the severity of colitis and inflammatory cytokines. We found that high-dose red meat caused intestinal microbiota disorder, reduced the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Faecalibaculum, Blautia and Dubosiella, and increased the relative abundance of Bacteroides and Alistipes. This in turn leads to an increase in colitis and inflammatory cytokine secretion. Moreover, we found that high red meat intake impaired the colon barrier integrity and decreased the expression of ZO-1, claudin, and occludin. We also found high red meat intake induced the production of more inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-17, and IL-6 and inflammatory inducible enzymes such as COX-2 and iNOS in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. These results suggest that we should optimize the diet and reduce the intake of red meat to prevent the occurrence of IBD.

9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 204: 114267, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303214

RESUMO

As a kind of commonly used Traditional Chinese Medicine in clinical, Spatholobi Caulis (SPC) contains a wide variety of bioactive compounds, including protocatechuate (1), nicotinic acid (2), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (3), salicylic acid (4), 6,9-dihydroxy megastigma-4,7-dien-3-one (5), 8,9-dihydroxy megastigma-4,6-dien-3-one (6), daidzin (7), genistin (8), isolariciresinol (9), ononin (10), 4',8-dimethoxy-7-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl isoflavone (11), 3'-methoxydaidzein (12), odoratin (13), spasuberol A (14), (+)-pinoresinol (15), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy cinnamic acid methyl ester (16), (+)-epipinoresinol (17), calycosin (18), 8-O-methylretusin (19), formononetin sodium (20), formononetin (21), biochanin A (22), butesuperin A (23), homovanillyl-4-oxo-nonanoate (24) and (6aR,11aR)-maackiain (25). The pharmacokinetic characteristics of these twenty-five compounds in rat plasma were quantitatively and simultaneously studied using a fast, sensitive and precise ultra fast liquid chromatography combined with electrospray ionization triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method after oral administration of aqueous extract of SPC to rats. The mobile phase consists of acetonitrile and 0.5 mM ammonium acetate in water, and these compounds were well separated at a gradient elution program with flow rate of 0.35 mL/min. Carbamazepine was employed as the internal standard (IS) and all samples were precipitated with MeOH-ACN (2:1, v/v). The analytical method has been proved to be good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9957), precise, accurate, stable, recovery and matrix effect, which applicated becomingly to study the pharmacokinetic processes of these compounds in rat plasma. In addition, these twenty-five compounds exhibited anti-inflammatory activity on the inflammatory model of NO over production in RAW264.7 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Isoflavones, especially compounds 20-22 (The IC50 of which were 22.75 µM, 21.11 µM and 48.29 µM, respectively.) might be the important constituents for anti-inflammatory activity of SPC. This study provides reference values for the clinical application, in-depth study on new dosage forms and pharmacological activities of SPC.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(3): 757-762, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the polymorphism of miR-155 and its target gene MyD88 and clinicopathological features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: 135 cases of DLBCL patients in our hospital from March 2015 to August 2017 were selected, and 90 cases of reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes were selected as the control group. The relative expression of miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism were detected in the two groups, and the relationship between miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism and clinicopathological characteristics of DLBCL was analyzed. RESULTS: The relative expression of miR-155 in DLBCL patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The mutation rate of MyD88 L265P in DLBCL group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 in patients with MyD88 L265P mutation was significantly higher than that in patients with wild-type DLBCL (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 and the polymorphism of MyD88 L265P were associated with lesion location, stage, BCL-2 protein expression and MyD88 protein expression in DLBCL patients (t=7.461、8.804、6.487、10.812; χ2=10.681、8.599、7.251、23.008;P<0.05). The survival of DLBCL patients with low miR-155 expression was significantly better than that with high miR-155 expression (P<0.05). The survival of wild-type DLBCL patients with MyD88 L265P locus was significantly better than that of mutant DLBCL patients (P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the relative expression of miR-155 and the expression of MyD88 protein (r=0.428, P=0.000). CONCLUSION: The abnormal expression of miR-155 and the mutation rate of MyD88 gene in DLBCL patients are increased, and the expression of miR-155 and the mutation of MyD88 gene affect the disease progression and prognosis of patients, which may be potential biological indicators for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Prognóstico
11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642929, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33968033

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are complex autoimmune diseases. CD40 participates in inflammatory response, and promotes fibroblast proliferation, leading to occurrence and progression of SLE, RA. This study explores CD40 gene polymorphisms in SLE and RA patients from a Chinese Han population. Two hundred SLE patients, 340 RA patients, and 900 healthy controls were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and six polymorphisms of CD40 gene (rs3765456, rs1569723, rs73115010, rs13040307, rs1883832, and rs4810485) were detected by KASP method. Frequencies of rs1569723 genotypes AA, AC, AA+AC were significantly higher in RA patients as compared to those in healthy controls (P = 0.049, P = 0.024, P = 0.022). Frequencies of genotypes CT, CC+CT of rs1883832, and GT, GG+GT of rs4810485 were significantly higher in RA patients as compared to those in healthy controls (P = 0.012, P = 0.018, P = 0.009, P = 0.015). RA patients carrying rs13040307 C allele and rs73115010 T allele showed increased number of swollen joints. Moreover, frequency of allele T of rs13040307 was lower in SLE patients with positive anti-dsDNA and hematuria as compared to that in patients without these parameters (P = 0.038, P = 0.045). There were increased frequencies of genotype TT, allele T for rs13040307 and lower frequencies of genotype TT, allele T for rs73115010 in lupus patients with myositis (all P<0.05). Interestingly, frequencies of rs1569723 A allele, rs4810485 T allele were higher in SLE patients with myositis, and frequencies of rs3765456 A allele, rs1883832 T allele were lower in SLE patients with myositis (All P<0.05). In conclusion, CD40 gene polymorphisms may associate with susceptibility to SLE and RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Antígenos CD40/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China/etnologia , Feminino , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Int J Cardiol ; 336: 123-129, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has recently been identified as the functional receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent response for novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to explore the roles of ACE2, apelin and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) in SARS-CoV-2-mediated cardiorenal damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: The published RNA-sequencing datasets of cardiomyocytes infected with SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 patients were used. String, UMAP plots and single cell RNA sequencing data were analyzed to show the close relationship and distinct cardiorenal distribution patterns of ACE2, apelin and SGLT2. Intriguingly, there were decreases in ACE2 and apelin expression as well as marked increases in SGLT2 and endothelin-1 levels in SARS-CoV-2-infected cardiomyocytes, animal models with diabetes, acute kidney injury, heart failure and COVID-19 patients. These changes were linked with downregulated levels of interleukin (IL)-10, superoxide dismutase 2 and catalase as well as upregulated expression of profibrotic genes and pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines. Genetic ACE2 deletion resulted in upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines containing IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17 and tumor necrosis factor α. More importantly, dapagliflozin strikingly alleviated cardiorenal fibrosis in diabetic db/db mice by suppressing SGLT2 levels and potentiating the apelin-ACE2 signaling. CONCLUSION: Downregulation of apelin and ACE2 and upregulation of SGLT2, endothelin-1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines contribute to SARS-CoV-2-mediated cardiorenal injury, indicating that the apelin-ACE2 signaling and SGLT2 inhibitors are potential therapeutic targets for COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Animais , Apelina , Humanos , Camundongos , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2 , Transportador 2 de Glucose-Sódio
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26108, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The arrival of transcatheter mitral valve therapies has provided feasible and safe alternatives to medical and surgical treatments for mitral regurgitation. The aim of this study is to estimate the relative efficacy and safety of exercise training in patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot through meta-analysis. METHODS: : A systematic search will be performed using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP to include random controlled trials or nonrandom controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of exercise training in corrected tetralogy of Fallot patients. The risk of bias for the included nonrandom controlled studies will be evaluated according to Risk of Bias in Nonrandomized Studies of Interventions. We will use the Cochrane Collaboration's tool (version 2 of the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized trials) to assess risk of bias of included random controlled trials. Revman 5.4 and STATA 15.0 will be used to complete the meta-analysis and generate forest plots. Grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation will be used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: : The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: : This study will provide broad evidence of efficacy and safety of exercise training in patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot and provide suggestions for clinical practice and future research. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202150006.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Tetralogia de Fallot/reabilitação , Humanos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(22): 26431-26440, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033712

RESUMO

The recently emerging vinylene-linked covalent organic frameworks (VCOFs) stand out from other COFs with exceptional chemical stability and favorable light-emitting properties, promising sensing applications for acids/bases or in strong acidic/basic conditions. Here we systematically investigated the reversible color and fluorescent response of a VCOF functionalized with pyridyl groups to acids/pH. The COF was synthesized with a record surface area for VCOFs and shows reversible hydrochromic and acidochromic behaviors and concomitant fluorescence quenching. The mechanisms were probed with systematical experimental comparison with relevant COFs and model molecules in combination with orbital analysis. The response is related to significant electronic changes in the ground and photoexcited states as a result of protonation or hydrogen bonding at pyridyl sites. The COF in aqueous dispersion displays a reversible fluorescence transition with pH change, which follows the Hill equation for multisite protonation. The COF-modified test paper shows immediate and remarkable color change and fluorescence turn-off/on when alternately exposed to HCl and NH3 gases. The work illustrates the great potential of developing highly robust sensory COFs through the vinylene approach.

15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(8): 954-962, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, T-helper 17 (Th17) cells have been proved to play an important role in promoting cervical cancer. But, till now, few study has been carried out to understand the involvement of these cells in efficacy of anti-tumor treatments. This study aimed to investigate the alterations in the percentage of circulating Th17 cells and related cytokines in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients before and after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) and to analyze the correlations between the alterations in Th17 cells and treatment efficacy. METHODS: A prospective study with 49 LACC (International federation of gynecology and obstetrics [FIGO] stage IIB-IIIB) patients and 23 controls was conducted. Patients received the same cCRT schedule and were followed up for 3 years. Circulating Th17 cells (CD3+CD8- interleukin [IL]-17+ T cells) and related cytokines IL-17, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), IL-10, IL-23, IL-6, and IL-22 were detected before and after cCRT. Correlations between alterations of circulating Th17 cells and treatment efficacy were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: We found that 40 patients finished the entire cCRT schedule and met the endpoint of this study. The percentage of circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients was higher than that in the controls, and it significantly decreased after cCRT (P < 0.05). After cCRT, patients were divided into two groups based on the average of the Th17 cells declined. The subgroup of patients with a prominent decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT had a higher treatment efficacy and longer PFS and OS times. Compared with the control patients, LACC patients had higher IL-6, IL-10, IL-22, TGF-ß levels and a lower IL-23 level (P < 0.05). After cCRT, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-23 level significantly increased and TGF-ß level significantly decreased compared with the levels before cCRT (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients (FIGO stage IIB-IIIB) were higher than those in the controls, but they generally decreased after cCRT. A more pronounced decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT was correlated with better therapeutic effect and longer PFS and OS times.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Células Th17 , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(17): 20380-20387, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878258

RESUMO

Sensory materials that show color and/or fluorescence changes in response to specific gases or vapors have important applications in many fields. Here, we report the postsynthetic preparation of novel sensory metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their multiple responsive properties. Through postsynthetic N-amination, the 2,2'-bipyridyl spacers in a Zr(IV) MOF are partially transformed into N-aminobipyridinium. The new MOF (Zr-bpy-A) shows chromic behavior toward ammonia and amines because the electron-deficient pyridinium groups form charge-transfer complexes with amino moieties. It also shows a unique chromic response to formaldehyde owing to the Schiff-base condensation with the N-amino groups. Furthermore, the N-amino group can be used to graft different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which endow the MOF with strong fluorescence of variable colors and afford a high-contrast fluorescence response to ammonia/amines and formaldehyde associated with the chromic response. The presence of the unquaternized bipyridyl group also leads to a fluorescence response to HCl. The multiple responsive behaviors hold appeal for applications in sensing, switching, and antifake marking, which are illustrated with a test paper and writing ink.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(10): 2965-2978, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667087

RESUMO

Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR) of rapeseed (Brassica napus), caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, is one of the main diseases seriously affecting the yield and oil quality of infected rapeseed crops. The complexity of the inheritance of resistance and of the interaction mechanisms between rapeseed and S. sclerotiorum limits resistance gene identification and molecular breeding. In this review, the latest progress of research into resistance to SSR in B. napus is summarized from the following three directions: the pathogenesis mechanisms of S. sclerotiorum, the resistance mechanisms of B. napus toward S. sclerotiorum, and rapeseed breeding for resistance to SSR. This review aims to provide a theoretical basis and useful reference for analyzing the mechanism of the interaction between B. napus and S. sclerotiorum, searching for gene loci associated with the resistance response, and for achieving disease-resistance genetic manipulation and molecular design breeding in rapeseed.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Brassica napus , Brassica napus/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas
18.
Endocr Relat Cancer ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608482

RESUMO

Aberrant leptin signaling and overexpression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) are both implicated in the pathogenesis of letrozole resistance in breast cancer (BCa), but it remains unknown whether these two pathways are involved in letrozole resistance in a coordinated manner. Here, we demonstrate that expression levels of the pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox transcription factor 3 (PBX3), a pioneer factor that governs divergent biological processes, were significantly upregulated in letrozole-resistant BCa cells and tissues, and this upregulation correlated to a poorer progression-free survival in patients. By leveraging a patient-derived xenograft model with pharmacological approaches, we demonstrated that leptin activated PBX3 expression in a STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3)-dependent manner. Our loss- and gain-of-function study further showed that PBX3 attenuated response to letrozole by potentiating BCa cell survival and anchorage-independent growth in BCa cells. By profiling BCa cells with ectopic PBX3 expression, we revealed that PBX3 conferred letrozole resistance via transactivation of the FGFR1 signaling, and this molecular event must coordinate a synergistic transcription activation programs through interacting with MTA1-HDAC2 (metastasis associated 1-histone deacetylase 2) complex. Overall, the available data reveal a novel role of leptin/PBX3 cascade linking energy homeostasis (i.e. hyperleptinemia) and endocrine therapy failure (i.e. letrozole resistance) in BCa.

19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 46, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397902

RESUMO

The exploration of highly efficient processes to convert renewable biomass to fuels and value-added chemicals is stimulated by the energy and environment problems. Herein, we describe an innovative route for the production of methylcyclopentadiene (MCPD) with cellulose, involving the transformation of cellulose into 3-methylcyclopent-2-enone (MCP) and subsequent selective hydrodeoxygenation to MCPD over a zinc-molybdenum oxide catalyst. The excellent performance of the zinc-molybdenum oxide catalyst is attributed to the formation of ZnMoO3 species during the reduction of ZnMoO4. Experiments reveal that preferential interaction of ZnMoO3 sites with the C=O bond instead of C=C bond in vapor-phase hydrodeoxygenation of MCP leads to highly selective formations of MCPD (with a carbon yield of 70%).


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Ciclopentanos/química , Óxidos/química , Oxigênio/química , Adsorção , Catálise , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Difração de Raios X
20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(1): 31-38, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the protective effects of Humulus lupulus L. extract (HLE) on osteoporosis mice. METHODS: In vivo experiment, a total of 35 12-week-old female ICR mice were equally divided into 5 groups: the sham control group (sham); the ovariectomy with vehicle group (OVX); the OVX with estradiol valerate [EV, 0.2 mg/(kg•d)] the OVX with low- or high-dose HLE groups [HLE, 1 g/(kg•d) and 3 g/(kg•d)], 7 in each group. Treatment began 1 week after the ovariectomized surgery and lasted for 12 weeks. Bone mass and trabecular bone mircoarchitecture were evaluated by micro computed tomography, and bone turnover markers in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In vitro experiment, osteoblasts and osteoclasts were treated with HLE at doses of 0, 4, 20 and 100 µg/mL. Biomarkers for bone formation in osteoblasts and bone resorption in osteoclasts were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the OVX group, HLE exerted bone protective effects by the increase of estradiol (P<0.05), the improvement of cancellous bone structure, bone mineral density (P<0.01) and the reduction of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone gla-protein, c-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and deoxypyridinoline levels (P<0.01 for all). In vitro experiment, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.01), and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin levels in osteoblasts (both P<0.05). HLE at 100 µg/mL increased the osteoblastic ALP activities, and HLE at all dose enhanced the extracellular matrix mineralization (both P<0.01). Furthermore, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL inhibited osteoclastic TRAP activity (P<0.01), and reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cathepsin K (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: HLE may protect against bone loss, and have potentials in the treatment of osteoporosis.

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