Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 953
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544488

RESUMO

Open-domain question answering (QA) tasks require a model to retrieve inference chains associated with the answer from massive documents. The core of a QA model is the information filtering ability and reasoning ability. This article proposes a semantic knowledge reasoning graph model based on the multidimensional axiomatic fuzzy set (AFS), which can generate the knowledge graph (KG) and build reasoning paths for reading comprehension tasks through unsupervised learning. Moreover, taking advantage of the interpretable AFS framework enables the proposed model to have the ability to learn and analyze the semantic relationships between candidate documents. Meanwhile, the utilization of the multidimensional AFS acquires semantic descriptions of candidate documents more concise and flexible. The similarity degree between paragraphs is calculated according to the AFS description to generate the graph. Interpretable chains of reasoning provided by the AFS knowledge graph (AFS Graph) will serve as the basis for the answer prediction. Compared with the previous methods, the AFS Graph model presented in this article improves interpretability and reasoning ability. Experimental results show that the proposed model can achieve the state-of-the-art performance on datasets of HotpotQA, SQuAD, and Natural Questions Open.

2.
Front Genet ; 13: 864549, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528542

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests the essential regulation of RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification in carcinogenesis and immune response. Nevertheless, the potential impacts of these modifications on the tumor microenvironment (TME) immune cell infiltration characteristics in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remain unclear. Utilizing a consensus clustering algorithm, we determined three m6A modification patterns and identified three m6A-related gene clusters among 569 ccRCC samples, which were associated with different biological functions and clinical outcomes. Thereafter, the m6A score was constructed using m6A-associated signature genes to accurately exploit the m6A modification patterns within individual tumors. The m6A score was further demonstrated to be noticeably related to ccRCC prognosis. In addition, the m6A score was found to be strongly correlated with tumor mutational burden (TMB), microsatellite instability, immune infiltration, immune checkpoint expression, and immunotherapy response, which was also validated in the pan-cancer analyses. Our findings thoroughly elucidated that m6A modification contributes to tumor microenvironment immune-infiltrating characteristics and prognosis in ccRCC. Assessing the m6A modification patterns of individual patients with ccRCC will offer novel insights into TME infiltration and help develop more effective treatment strategies.

3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(4): 1568-1574, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523758

RESUMO

Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) is a common urological disease that causes long-term complications and severely reduces patient's quality of life. Sacral neuromodulation has proven to be an effective treatment for NLUTD. However, most previous studies have focused mainly on the efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation in the treatment of NLUTD and less on the changes in urodynamic parameters in patients before and after sacral neuromodulation. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of short-term sacral neuromodulation on the results of video-urodynamic parameters in a 63-year-old woman with NLUTD with vesicoureteral reflux. The patient was admitted to the Department of Urology of Beijing Hospital in January 2021 and examined using video-urodynamics. In the same month, the patient underwent the first stage of sacral neuromodulation, with an experience period of 2 weeks. After the experience period ended, video-urodynamics was performed again in February 2021. By comparing the two video-urodynamic results, the effect of short-term sacral neuromodulation on the anatomy and physiology of the lower urinary tract was determined. After 2 weeks of sacral neuromodulation treatment, video-urodynamic parameter analysis showed that while the urine storage period of the patient significantly improved, the voiding period was not significantly changed. This was specifically reflected in the improvement of bladder compliance, safe capacity of the bladder, and significant reduction in vesicoureteral reflux. The improvement of the safe capacity of the bladder effectively helped the patient to control the number of intermittent catheterizations within an acceptable range, which greatly improved her quality of life. Therefore, the patient underwent permanent sacral neuromodulation implantation in February 2021. This study suggests that short-term sacral neuromodulation can significantly improve lower urinary tract function and reduce vesicoureteral reflux in patients with NLUTD with vesicoureteral reflux. In short, we believe that sacral neuromodulation may be a good choice for patients with NLUTD.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica , Refluxo Vesicoureteral , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Bexiga Urinária , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/etiologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia , Urodinâmica , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/complicações , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/terapia
4.
Dose Response ; 20(2): 15593258221097589, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547468

RESUMO

Objective: So far there are still no effective immediate-early markers for assessing the efficacy of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT). To find effective biomarkers for accurate assessment of the efficacy of SBRT in patients with primary liver cancer, we conducted this study including retrospective part and prospective part. Material and Methods: 589 patients with primary liver cancer were included at Ruikang Hospital affiliated to Guangxi Medical University from January 2012 to December 2018. Follow-up was conducted, clinical information and a total of 17 patients with 51 blood samples (before SBRT, before discharge and 2 months after SBRT) were collected. mRNAs profiles on 2 patients with 6 blood samples were detected by high-throughput sequencing, followed by qPCR verification on 15 patients with 45 blood samples. Results: The commonly used serum biomarkers such as AFP, CEA, and CA125 shown low prognostic value in distinguishing survival group and death group, indicated by low AUC (less than .7) and Youden indexes (less than .5). Based on high-throughput sequencing of test group and qPCR detection of another verification group, we found 16 up-regulated and 12 downregulated genes after SBRT. Among them, ADIPOR1 and EPB42 showed significantly different between effective and ineffective group after SBRT, ROC suggested that based on the optimal threshold of .5838, ADIPOR1 shown a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 83.33% to distinguish effective from ineffective group. And EPB42 had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 100% at the optimal threshold of 1.3817. In addition, GSEA showed that high expression of ADIPOR1 was mainly related to Mismatch repair, Circadian rhythm, Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, DNA replication, and Fanconi anemia pathways. Conclusion: ADIPOR1 in whole blood is a promising candidate to act as prognostic biomarker for predication of SBRT outcomes in primary liver cancer patients.

5.
Oncogene ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523946

RESUMO

Cancer-related genes have evolved specific genetic and genomic features to favor tumor suppression. Previously we reported that tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) acquired high promoter CpG dinucleotide frequencies during evolution to maintain high expression in normal tissues and resist cancer-specific downregulation. In this study, we investigated whether 3'untranslated regions (3'UTRs) of TSGs have evolved specific features to carry out similar functions. We found that 3'UTRs of TSGs, especially those involved in multiple histological types and pediatric cancers, are longer than those of non-cancer genes. 3'UTRs of TSGs also exhibit higher density of binding sites for RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), particularly those having high affinities to C-rich motifs. Both longer 3'UTR length and RBP binding sites enrichment are correlated with higher gene expression in normal tissues across tissue types. Moreover, both features together with the correlated N6-methyladenosine modification and the extent of protein-protein interactions are positively associated with the ability of TSGs to resist cancer-specific downregulation. These results were successfully validated with independent datasets. Collectively, these findings indicate that TSGs have evolved longer 3'UTR with increased propensity to RBP binding, N6-methyladenosine modification and protein-protein interactions for optimizing their tumor-suppressing functions.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 828175, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479328

RESUMO

Background: Qifenggubiao granules (QFGBG) is a new Chinese medicine independently developed by Heilongjiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, which combines the essence of Yupingfeng powder and Shengmai yin (invention patent number: CN1325098C, approval number: Sinopharm Zhunzi B20020410), and has been included in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. It has remarkable pharmacodynamic results and conclusive clinical effects in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic cough and other diseases. Previous pharmacological studies have shown that it has immunomodulatory effect, but its immunomodulatory mechanism is still unclear. Methods: In this study, cyclophosphamide (CTX) was used to establish the immune hypofunction model in mice, and the weight change, index of immune organs in spleen and thymus, pathological sections of immune organs and inflammatory factors were used to evaluate the model. Based on the metabolic biomarkers obtained by metabonomics technology, the potential targets of Qifeng Gubiao Granule immunomodulation were obtained by integrating the targets of blood components, metabolites and diseases through network pharmacology. Meanwhile, GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out on the potential targets. Results: QFGBG can increase body weight and organ index, and recover immune organ damage caused by CP. Metabonomics identified 13 metabolites with significant changes, among which the level of phospholipid (PC) metabolites decreased significantly in the model group. Sphingosine -1- phosphate, 1- palmitoyl phosphatidylcholine [LysoPC (16:0/0:0)] and other metabolites were significantly increased in the model group, and 98 targets of Qifeng's external immune regulation were obtained by intersecting 629 component targets, 202 metabolite targets and 1916 disease targets. KEGG pathway analysis obtained 233 related metabolic pathways, and the top 20 metabolic pathways mainly involved IL-17 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Sphingolipid signaling pathway, and so on. Conclusion: QFGBG may act on AKT1, IL6, MAPK3, PTGS2, CASP3, MAPK1, ESR1, PPARG, HSP90AA1, PPARA and other targets, acting through Sphingolipid signaling pathway and signaling pathway. Combined with pharmacodynamic evaluation, the immunomodulatory effect of QFGBG was confirmed, and the immunomodulatory mechanism of QFGBG with multiple targets and multiple pathways was preliminarily clarified.

7.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 92: 103865, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436606

RESUMO

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) as an energetic compound widely used in military applications has aroused great concerns in recent years due to its large-scale contamination in soil and water; however, its toxicity is still largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the reproductive toxicity and the transgenerational effects of TNT on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Our data showed that exposure to TNT at concentrations ranging from 10 to 100 ng/mL resulted in decreasing the lifespan, brood size, number of oocytes and eggs in uterus, while increasing the number of germ cell apoptosis in C. elegans. The apoptotic effects of TNT were blocked in mutants of cep-1 (w40), egl-1 (n487), and hus-1 (op241), indicating conserved genotoxic response genes was involved in mediating TNT-induced germ cell apoptosis. Parental exposure to TNT significantly increased the germ cell apoptosis from P0 to F2 generation, but the toxicity faded away in F3 and F4 generations. Furthermore, TNT was rapidly metabolized in P0, and the accumulation of 4-aminodinitrotoluene (4-ADNT), the main metabolite of TNT in C. elegans, showed a significant decrease from P0 to F1 and a slow decrease in the subsequent generations. Our results demonstrated that ingested TNT can cause severe transgenerational reproductive toxicity and be rapidly converted to 4-ADNT in the nematodes. These data provided basis for future studies on the effects of energetic compounds across generations.


Assuntos
Caenorhabditis elegans , Trinitrotolueno , Animais , Apoptose , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Feminino , Células Germinativas , Reprodução , Trinitrotolueno/metabolismo , Trinitrotolueno/toxicidade
8.
Peptides ; 153: 170799, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macrophages can phagocytose sperm, especially damaged spermatozoa, in the female genital tract. The semenogelin I-derived peptide SgI-52 in seminal plasma exhibits seminal plasma motility inhibitor (SPMI) activity and can inhibit sperm motility. This raises the question of the role played by SPMIs in macrophage-mediated phagocytosis of sperm. We speculated that SgI-52 promotes sperm clearance by macrophages. Therefore, we investigated the phagocytosis of sperm in different states using this peptide. METHODS: SgI-52 was fluorescently labeled, and its binding site for sperm was observed. The ability of macrophages to phagocytose sperm was observed using fluorescence confocal microscopy. Spermatozoa from different sources were co-cultured with SgI-52 in BWW medium for 4 and 22 h to compare the differences in their phagocytosis by macrophages. Sperm motility, induced acrosome reaction, mitochondrial membrane potential, and ATP content were examined after incubation with SgI-52. RESULTS: SgI-52 could bind to spermatozoa in different states, mainly to the tail, and then spread to the acrosome. This effect was more pronounced in demembranated spermatozoa. SgI-52 promoted phagocytosis of spermatozoa by macrophages, decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased the average ATP content of spermatozoa (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We found for the first time that SgI-52 can bind to spermatozoa in different states and promote their phagocytosis by macrophages. Therefore, we speculate that SgI-52 is involved in the screening of sperm in the female reproductive tract and has potential value in improving assisted reproductive technology.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 777181, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360729

RESUMO

Background: Adjuvant imatinib therapy has been shown to improve overall survival (OS) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) significantly. Few nomograms combining the use of adjuvant imatinib and clinicopathological characteristics estimate the outcome of patients. We aimed to establish a more comprehensive nomogram for predicting OS in patients with GIST. Methods: In total, 1310 GIST patients undergoing curative resection at four high-volume medical centers between 2001 and 2015 were enrolled. Independent prognostic factors were identified by multivariate Cox analysis. Eligible patients were randomly assigned in a ratio of 7:3 into a training set (916 cases) and a validation set (394 cases). A nomogram was established by R software and its predictive power compared with that of the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) classification using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration plot. Results: Age, tumor site, tumor size, mitotic index, postoperative imatinib and diagnostic delay were identified as independent prognostic parameters and used to construct a nomogram. Of note, diagnostic delay was for the first time included in a prognostic model for GIST. The calibrated nomogram resulted in predicted survival rates consistent with observed ones. And the decision curve analysis suggested that the nomogram prognostic model was clinically useful. Furthermore, time-dependent ROC curves showed the nomogram exhibited greater discrimination power than the modified NIH classification in 3- and 5-year survival predictions for both training and validation sets (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: Postoperative adjuvant imatinib therapy improved the survival of GIST patients. We developed and validated a more comprehensive prognostic nomogram for GIST patients, and it could have important clinical utility in improving individualized predictions of survival risks and treatment decision-making.

10.
Entropy (Basel) ; 24(4)2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455212

RESUMO

Patent data contain plenty of valuable information. Recently, the lack of innovative ideas has resulted in some enterprises encountering bottlenecks in product research and development (R&D). Some enterprises point out that they do not have enough comprehension of product components. To improve efficiency of product R&D, this paper introduces natural-language processing (NLP) technology, which includes part-of-speech (POS) tagging and subject-action-object (SAO) classification. Our strategy first extracts patent keywords from products, then applies a complex network to obtain core components based on structural holes and centrality of eigenvector algorism. Finally, we use the example of US shower patents to verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the methodology. As a result, this paper examines the acquisition of core components and how they can help enterprises and designers clarify their R&D ideas and design priorities.

11.
Anim Sci J ; 93(1): e13717, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445771

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) color and intensity of broilers. One-day-old Cobb-500 broilers (n = 648) were fed nine groups with six replicates; three light colors (white, blue, & green) and intensities (for 1 to 7 days, viz., 20, 40, and 60 lx; for 8 to 42 days, viz., 5, 10, and 15 lx) were applied. Test lasted for 42 days. Results indicated that compared with blue light, 60-lx white light for 1 to 7 days increased the average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) of broilers (p < 0.01). In the 10-lx light groups, the levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and the concentrations of albumin (ALB) (p < 0.05) increased. Moreover, the nutrient apparent utilization for ether extract (EE) under 10-lx green light was higher than that under 15-lx blue light (p < 0.01). The interaction effects of light intensity and light color had an extremely significant influence on the ADG for 1 to 7 days, IL-2 level, ALB content, and EE apparent utilization rate (p < 0.01) and had a significant influence on the ADFI and F/G for 1 to 7 days (p < 0.05). The production performance of broilers reared in three-layer cage could be improved by using 60-lx white LED light for 1 to 7 days and 5- to 10-lx green LED light or 10-lx white LED light for 8 to 42 days.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Interleucina-2 , Animais , Cor , Imunidade , Nutrientes
12.
Urology ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with urethral plate (UP) transection to treat hypospadias with severe chordee and examined the effects of this procedure on penile length. The technique involved transecting the UP to correct curvature, facilitating elongation of penile length and reconstruction of the urethra. METHODS: We prospectively studied a cohort of patients with hypospadias with severe chordee who underwent UP transection and urethroplasty at our institution between February 2012 and March 2020. The length of the UP defect (length of penile elongation), complications, and patient and urologist satisfaction with penile length were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 510 children were included in our study: 78 cases of distal hypospadias and 432 cases of proximal hypospadias. The mean age at initial surgery was 34.84 ± 20.10 months. The length of the UP defect after transection was 2.51 ± 0.92 cm (1.6-8.0 cm). The length of the UP defect gradually increased with age (P < .05). Seven patients were "poorly satisfied" with their penile length after urethroplasty. The median follow-up duration was 32 months. Of the 510 patients, 108 (21.1%) had complications after urethroplasty, including urethral fistulas in 86 cases, urethral strictures in 9 cases, urethral diverticulum in 8 cases and glans dehiscence in 5 cases. During the follow-up period, 7 patients had mild chordee. CONCLUSION: Transecting the UP for hypospadias with severe chordee can elongate penile length, reduce the recurrence of curvature, and improve patient satisfaction.

13.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt B): 113334, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35452673

RESUMO

Constructed wetlands (CWs) are often used to treat wastewater discharged from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), while emerging contaminants (such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS)) have been commonly discovered in WWTPs. However, no research has examined whether PFOA/OS (i.e. PFOA and PFOS) affects the performance of CW. Therefore, this study compared the nutrient removal efficiencies of four CWs with varied configurations under PFOA/OS and no PFOA/OS stress conditions. We found that CW containing plants or/and iron-carbon had higher removal efficiency for nutrients (except NH4+-N) than conventional CW in stable operation under wastewater without PFOA/OS. Plants or/and iron increased the nutrient removal efficiency by plant uptake, chemical reaction, and co-precipitation of iron hydroxides. In contrast, the iron-carbon inhibited the nitrification of nitrifying bacteria by consuming dissolved oxygen, converting NO3--N to NH4+-N. Although the removal efficiencies of nutrients by CWs differed after introducing PFOA/OS, the removal order was consistent with those before adding PFOA/OS. Plants or/and iron-carbon effectively increased CWs' resistance to PFOA/OS loading and toxicity, and the function of iron-carbon was superior to the plants. In addition, PFOA/OS reduced the abundances of microbes Hydrogenophaga, Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas, Nitrospira, and Candidatus_Accumulibacter that contributed to nutrient removal.

14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2106063, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470584

RESUMO

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) has a significant impact on quality of life, but the etiopathogenesis remains largely unknown. The bladder microenvironment of patients with IC/BPS to obtain biological evidence supporting diagnosis and novel therapy is systematically characterized. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and image mass cytometry (IMC) are applied to bladder biopsies of the IC/BPS cohort. A total of 42 distinct cell clusters are identified from different groups. The increased hyperactivated Th1-biased response, but not Th2-biased response, and decreased immunosuppressive Treg are elucidated in the bladder microenvironment of non-Hunner-type IC (NHIC)/Hunner-type IC (HIC). M2/M2-like macrophage extends in the HIC and M1-like macrophage extends in NHIC, all of which secrete a range of chemokines with different pattern. The pro-inflammatory mediators, TNF-α, produced by tissue-resident macrophages and IL6, by the inflammatory fibroblasts are identified as key mediators of IC/BPS pathogenesis. Additionally, a regulatory network between different cell types is observed as a shift from structural cell communication in unaffected normal bladder to a Macrophage-Endothelial-dominated interactome in NHIC/HIC. The results demonstrate the high heterogeneity in NHIC/HIC, and provide an essential resource for diagnosis, and treatment of IC/BPS in the future by highlighting the importance of the microenvironment of bladder mucosa.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442805

RESUMO

Background: The benefits of performing open versus laparoscopic gubernaculum-sparing second-stage Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO) remain unclear. We compared the two techniques to answer this question. Methods: We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients who underwent laparoscopic first-stage FSO and open versus laparoscopic gubernaculum-sparing second-stage FSO at our institution between September 2004 and June 2020 (all patients underwent surgery by a single surgeon). We evaluated both procedures based on the incidence of testicular atrophy, testicular ascent, and other complications. Results: The age at initial surgery was 45.7 ± 28.2 months (median, 39). One hundred nine cases were treated with open second-stage gubernaculum-sparing FSO (OFSO), and 96 cases were treated with laparoscopic second-stage gubernaculum-sparing FSO (LFSO). The mean follow-up period was 59.8 months (median, 54; standard deviation, +35). The overall testicular atrophy rate was 1.5%. Atrophy was observed in 2 and 1 patient in the OFSO and LFSO groups, respectively (1.8% versus 1.0%, P > .05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of testicular ascent between both groups (2.8% versus 3.1%). Five and four complications were noted in the OFSO and LFSO groups, respectively (P > .05). Conclusions: Second-stage gubernaculum-sparing FSO achieved high testicular survival rates and satisfactory testicular positions. Neither the open nor laparoscopic approach appeared superior, because the overall testicular survival rates and incidence of testicular ascent and other complications were equivalent between both groups.

16.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484244

RESUMO

Astrocytes constitute a major part of the central nervous system and the delineation of their activity patterns is conducive to a better understanding of brain network dynamics. This study aimed to develop a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based method in order to monitor the brain-wide or region-specific astrocytes in live animals. Adeno-associated virus (AAVs) vectors carrying the human glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter driving the EGFP-AQP1 (Aquaporin-1, an MRI reporter) fusion gene were employed. The following steps were included: constructing recombinant AAV vectors for astrocyte-specific expression, detecting MRI reporters in cell culture, brain regions, or whole brain following cell transduction, stereotactic injection, or tail vein injection. The astrocytes were detected by both fluorescent imaging and Diffusion-weighted MRI. The novel AAV mutation (Site-directed mutagenesis of surface-exposed tyrosine (Y) residues on the AAV5 capsid) significantly increased fluorescence intensity (p < 0.01) compared with the AAV5 wild type. Transduction of the rAAV2/5 carrying AQP1 induced the titer-dependent changes in MRI contrast in cell cultures (p < 0.05) and caudate-putamen (CPu) in the brain (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the MRI revealed a good brain-wide alignment between AQP1 levels and ADC signals, which increased over time in most of the transduced brain regions. In addition, the rAAV2/PHP.eB serotype efficiently introduced AOP1 expression in the whole brain via tail vein injection. This study provides an MRI-based approach to detect dynamic changes in astrocytes in live animals. The novel in vivo tool could help us to understand the complexity of neuronal and glial networks in different pathophysiological conditions.

17.
Environ Int ; 164: 107228, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468407

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) chemistry and its dynamic cycling are essential for understanding aquatic primary productivity and ecosystem structure. However, there is a lack of knowledge on P chemistry in pristine aquatic ecosystems, such as in Antarctica. Here, we applied the Standards, Measurements and Testing Program (SMT) procedure and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) to reveal P speciation in two types of lacustrine sediment cores collected from Inexpressible Island, Ross Sea, East Antarctica. The Positive Matrix Factorization Model and Generalized Additive Models were applied to quantitatively identify the P sources and estimate relative effects of various environmental factors on the speciation. Our results demonstrate that orthophosphate, mainly as Ca-P, is the major component and the ortho-monoesters are the predominant organic phosphorus (OP) form in lacustrine sediments. Ornithogenic lacustrine sediments have a higher content of P as Ca-P than sediments with little or no penguin influence. Our model further suggests that penguin guano is the most important source for Ca-P, accounting for 80%, while detrital input is the predominant source for Fe/Al-P (up to 90%). The content of ortho-monoesters, as revealed by NMR, declines with depth, reflecting mineralization process of OP in the sediments. Moreover, we observed higher relative proportions of organic P in the sediments with little guano influence and the deposition of organic P are likely facilitated by microbial mats. Overall, our data suggest that burial of P in Antarctic lakes is sensitive to different P sources and sedimentary environments. The relatively higher bioavailable phosphorus in lacustrine sediments largely controls growth of aquatic microbial mats in oligotrophic lakes and ponds in Antarctica. The sediment profile data also indicate that P burial increased during the Medieval Climate Anomaly period, and climate warming is more conducive to P burial through the expansion of penguin populations and productivity of microbial mats. Our findings represent the first systematic understanding of natural P cycling dynamics and its main controlling factors in pristine ponds with different organic sources in Antarctica.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384536

RESUMO

The problems are associated with microplastic (MP) pollution of global concern. However, little is known about the pollution characteristics and sources of MPs in urban green-belt soils. Therefore, this study investigated MP pollution in 11 sampling sites (22 green belts) in Shihezi City. The results showed that the abundance of MPs (0.02-5.00 mm) ranged from 287 ± 100 items/kg dw to 3227 ± 155 items/kg dw (mean + SD). Fibers (69.9%) accounted for the majority of MPs, and the MPs were mainly black (36.7%) and 0.02-0.5 mm (64.8%). The main types of MPs were polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene (PE). Compared with agricultural soil, the color and composition of green-belt soil MPs are diverse, which means that the source of green-belt soil MPs is more diverse. In different types of green-belt soil, MP pollution of industrial green land is more serious. Through cluster analysis and spatial distribution, fragments and fibers were found to have similar sources, mainly originating from food and textile industrial activities. This study provides important information for revealing MP pollutions in urban green-belt soils.

19.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 305, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measles caused by measles virus (MeV) is a highly contagious viral disease which has also been associated with complications including pneumonia, myocarditis, encephalitis, and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. The current study isolated 33 strains belonging to 2 groups, outbreak and sporadic strains, in 13 cities of Shandong province, China from 2013 to 2019. Comparison of genetic characterization among 15 outbreak strains and 18 sporadic strains was performed by analyzing nucleotide sequences of the C-terminal region of N protein gene (N-450). RESULTS: All 33 stains belonged to genotype H1. The outbreak strains and sporadic strains distributed crossly in phylogenetic tree. Sequences alignment revealed some interesting G to A transversion which changed the amino acids on genomic sites 1317, 1422, and 1543. The nucleotide and amino acid similarities among outbreak isolates were 98-100% (0-10 nucleotide variations) and 97.7-100%, respectively; They were 97.3-100% and 96.6-100%, respectively for sporadic isolates. Evolutionary genetics analysis revealed that the mean evolution rates of outbreak and sporadic isolates were 1.26 N 10- 3 and 1.48 N 10- 3 substitutions per site per year separately, which were similar with corresponding data before 2012. Local transmission analysis suggested that there were three transmission chains in this study, two of them originated from Japan. Outbreak cases and sporadic cases emerged alternatively and were reciprocal causation on the transmission chains. CONCLUSIONS: Our study investigated the phylogeny and evolutional genetics of MeV during a 7-year surveillance, and compared epidemic and genetic characteristics of outbreak strains and sporadic strains. These results underscore the importance of evolutionary study alongside with sporadic cases in discovering and tracing possible outbreaks, especially in the stage of measles elimination.


Assuntos
Sarampo , Aminoácidos/genética , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Genótipo , Humanos , Sarampo/epidemiologia , Vírus do Sarampo/genética , Epidemiologia Molecular , Nucleotídeos , Filogenia
20.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(3)2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330254

RESUMO

Heat-stable antifungal factor (HSAF) isolated from Lysobacter enzymogenes has shown a broad-spectrum of antifungal activities. However, little is known about its mode of action. In this study, we used the model filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa to investigate the antifungal mechanism of HSAF. We first used HSAF to treat the N. crassa strain at different time points. Spore germination, growth phenotype and differential gene expression analysis were conducted by utilizing global transcriptional profiling combined with genetic and physiological analyses. Our data showed that HSAF could significantly inhibit the germination and aerial hyphae growth of N. crassa. RNA-seq analysis showed that a group of genes, associated with cell wall formation and remodeling, were highly activated. Screening of N. crassa gene deletion mutants combined with scanning electron microscopic observation revealed that three fungal cell wall integrity-related genes played an important role in the interaction between N. crassa and L. enzymogens. In addition, Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA), accompanied by confocal microscopy observation revealed that HSAF could trigger autophagy-mediated degradation and eventually result in cell death in N. crassa. The findings of this work provided new insights into the interactions between the predatory Lysobacter and its fungal prey.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...