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1.
J Neurosci Methods ; 365: 109380, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Motor handicap is prevalent in patients with traumatic brain injury, but currently. there is a challenging task to prevent the degeneration of motor neurons and to fully recover the. voluntary movement after injury. NEW METHOD: For the first time, we propose to apply needlestick injuries to the primary motor cortex to create mouse model of voluntary movement deficits. Rotarod test, cylinder test and forepaw grip strength test were used to assay motor coordination of both C57BL/6 J and the triple immunodeficient NCG mice. Immunofluorescence staining of PKC-gamma, UCHL1, GFAP, Iba1 and Fluoro-Jade C was performed to analyze the numbers of motor neurons, microglia, astrocytes and degenerating neurons. RESULTS: Mice on either C57BL/6 J or immunodeficient background with the unilateral primary motor cortex injury exhibit motor neuron death, activation of glial cells and deficits in voluntary movement. CONCLUSIONS: The main finding of this study was that the unilateral primary motor cortex injured by needlesticks leads to reactive gliosis, motor neuron death and voluntary movement deficits in mice. This needlestick injury model of primary motor cortex might be useful for future exploration of underlying mechanisms of motor neuron degeneration and of promising treatment modalities such as cell transplantation to improve locomotor deficiency following neurotrauma.

2.
iScience ; 24(11): 103317, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778732

RESUMO

The performance of deep learning in disease detection from high-quality clinical images is identical to and even greater than that of human doctors. However, in low-quality images, deep learning performs poorly. Whether human doctors also have poor performance in low-quality images is unknown. Here, we compared the performance of deep learning systems with that of cornea specialists in detecting corneal diseases from low-quality slit lamp images. The results showed that the cornea specialists performed better than our previously established deep learning system (PEDLS) trained on only high-quality images. The performance of the system trained on both high- and low-quality images was superior to that of the PEDLS while inferior to that of a senior corneal specialist. This study highlights that cornea specialists perform better in low-quality images than the system trained on high-quality images. Adding low-quality images with sufficient diagnostic certainty to the training set can reduce this performance gap.

3.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 592043, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744561

RESUMO

Objectives: The study aimed to explore the association between Ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) among rural population. Methods: This study included 20,683 participants aged 18-79 years from "the Henan Rural Cohort study". Generalized linear and Tobit regression models were employed to explore the associations of ICH with EQ-5D-5L utility scores and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, respectively. Results: The mean EQ-5D-5L utility scores and VAS scores were 0.962 ± 0.095 and 79.52 ± 14.02, respectively. Comparing with poor CVH participants (EQ-5D-5L utility scores and VAS scores: 0.954 ± 0.111 and 78.44 ± 14.29), people with intermediate and ideal CVH had higher EQ-5D-5L utility scores (0.969 ± 0.079 and 0.959 ± 0.099) and VAS scores (80.43 ± 13.65 and 79.28 ± 14.14). ICH scores were positively correlated with EQ-5D-5L utility scores (0.007 (0.004, 0.009)) and VAS scores (0.295 (0.143, 0.446)), respectively. Conclusions: Higher ICH scores is positive associated with better HRQoL in rural population, which suggests that improvement of cardiovascular health may help to enhance HRQoL among rural population.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724321

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant disease that currently lacks effective treatment. Epidemiological studies have suggested the preventive role of raw garlic intake in different tumors, such as HCC. Although diallyl sulfide (DAS), the main component of garlic extracts, has been reported to inhibit the growth of HCC cells, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of DAS on the growth of HepG2 and Huh7 hepatocellular carcinoma cells and its underlying mechanism. HepG2 and Huh7 cells were treated with DAS and nude mice were intrahepatically injected with human HCC HepG2 cells and maintained with or without DAS administration for 28 days. MTS and clonogenic assays revealed that DAS inhibited the growth and clonogenicity of HepG2 and Huh7 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Furthermore, DAS inhibited the growth of xenograft tumors accompanied by a decreased rate of pathological karyomitosis as observed by H&E staining. The expression levels of estrogen receptor-α36 (ER-α36) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in HepG2 and Huh7 cells and in xenograft tumors derived from HepG2 cells after DAS treatment were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. We found that DAS disrupted the positive regulatory loop between ER-α36 and EGFR, and decreased the phosphorylation of AKT at Ser 473 both in vivo and in vitro. DAS also induced cell apoptosis, as evidenced by Hoechst and TUNEL staining. Western blotting revealed activation of caspase3, increased BAX and decreased Bcl-2 expression. However, the ER-α36 expression knockdown attenuated DAS-induced ERK and AKT phosphorylation in HCC cells. DAS was also able to inhibit ER-α36-mediated activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling induced by estrogen. Thus, our results indicate that ER-α36 signaling is involved in DAS-induced inhibition of HCC cell growth both in vitro and in vivo.

5.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1911, 2021 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There were few studies exploring the associations between depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the general population, especially in resource limited area. The aims of this study were to assess the associations between depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, their comorbidity and HRQoL in rural area. METHODS: A total of 23,496 eligible participants from Henan rural cohort were included. The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-2 (GAD-2) were employed to assess depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively. HRQoL was measured via European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L). Tobit regression and generalized linear model were utilized to explore the associations between depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, their comorbidity and HRQoL. RESULTS: A total of 1320 individuals were identified as depressive symptoms with a prevalence rate of 5.62%, while 1198 participants were classified as anxiety symptoms with a prevalence rate of 5.10%. After multiple adjustment, the regression coefficients (ß) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of utility index for depressive and anxiety symptoms were - 0.166 (- 0.182, - 0.149) and - 0.132 (- 0.149, - 0.114), respectively. The ß and 95% CI of VAS score for depressive and anxiety symptoms were - 7.65 (- 8.60, - 6.70) and - 5.79 (- 6.78, - 4.80), respectively. Additionally, the comorbidity was strongly associated with low utility index and VAS score. These findings were observed robustly in men and women. CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and their comorbidity were associated with low HRQoL in rural population, which needed further efforts on preventive and treatment interventions. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699 ). Date of registration: 06 July, 2015.


Assuntos
Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4297-4306, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703262

RESUMO

Background: Although the concentrations of progesterone (P4) and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) have been correlated with some characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the relationships with MetS are inconclusive. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between P4 and 17-OHP with MetS. Methods: In all, the present study includes 4807 participants. Serum P4 and 17-OHP were measured through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent and combined effects of P4 and 17-OHP on MetS. Results: After adjusting for multiple variables, the positive association of P4 with MetS was observed in postmenopausal women (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.20-1.86) and the negative association of 17-OHP with MetS was observed in men (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.32-0.58). Compared with the combination of low P4 and low 17-OHP, the combination of high P4 and high 17-OHP were significantly related to MetS in postmenopausal women (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.18-2.48). Moreover, the combination of low P4 and high 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.24-0.69). Conclusion: The association between P4 and MetS in postmenopausal women was positive, whereas 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men. Additionally, their combination has a synergistic effect on MetS in postmenopausal women and an antagonistic effect on MetS in men.

7.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 244, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous reports regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of hypertensive individuals commonly concentrated on urban population. This study focused on rural population and aimed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. METHODS: Date were derived from Henan Rural Cohort study. The HRQoL of participants were assessed via European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) instrument. Tobit regression model and generalized linear model were employed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. Another binary logistic regression was utilized to examine the robustness of our results. RESULTS: Among 23,485 rural population, 8128 participants were identified with hypertension. The mean (SD) utility index and VAS score of non-hypertension group were 0.96 (0.09) and 79.66 (14.20), respectively, while in hypertension group were 0.94 (0.14) and 75.88 (15.50), respectively. Pain/discomfort was the most common self-reported problem (23.05%) for patients. Aging and suffering with other diseases were negatively associated with HRQoL among rural patients, while high socioeconomic status and healthy lifestyles corresponded with high HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension did push considerable pressures on patients' HRQoL. Maintaining healthy lifestyles and improving the socioeconomic status of patients were advisable ways to reduce this burden. Trial registration The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , População Rural
8.
Sleep Med ; 87: 233-240, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the present study were to explore independent and interactive associations between night sleep duration, night sleep quality and coronary heart disease (CHD) based on a rural population in China. METHODS: A total of 27,935 participants (11,177 men and 16,758 women) were investigated from the Henan Rural Cohort. Information about sleep was assessed by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Restricted cubic splines and logistic regression were used to estimate the relationship between night sleep duration and quality with CHD. RESULT: Among the 27,935 participants, 1506 participants with CHD were identified. Compared with participants with scores lower than 3, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of participants with score of 3-5, 6-8, ≥9 were respectively 1.42 (1.24-1.63), 1.99 (1.70-2.33), and 2.56 (2.13-3.08) with full adjustment of covariates. Compared with night sleep duration of 7 h, men and women who slept less than 5 h were 1.55 (1.11-2.17), 1.12 (0.59-2.12) and 1.80 (1.20-2.68), after being adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of the total. Moreover, the ORs and 95% CIs of CHD increased with the shortening of sleep duration at PSQI score above the highlighted levels. CONCLUSION: Poor sleep quality and short night sleep duration were all associated with CHD in Chinese rural areas. Moreover, the association was more obvious in women. In addition, the strongest prevalence of CHD was found in short sleepers with poor sleep quality.

9.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3352-3358, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to investigate the associations of testosterone and androstenedione with coronary heart disease, and the interaction effect of testosterone or androstenedione and age on coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6178 participants were included in this study. Serum testosterone and androstenedione were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent effects of testosterone and androstenedione on coronary heart disease. Interactive plots were employed to examine the interaction effects of testosterone or androstenedione with age on coronary heart disease. After adjusting for multiple variables, serum testosterone and androstenedione levels were negatively associated with coronary heart disease in males (tertile 3 vs tertile 1, odd ratio (OR) = 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.33, 0.96), and OR = 0.40, 95% CI (0.22, 0.74)). Per 1 unit increase in ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione was associated with a 24% (OR = 0.76, 95% CI (0.63, 0.91)) and 30% (OR = 0.69, 95% CI (0.55, 0.86)) lower risk of coronary heart disease, respectively. Additionally, the positive association of age with coronary heart disease was attenuated by increasing concentrations of ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione concentration in males. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that serum testosterone and androstenedione were negatively associated with coronary heart disease risk in Chinese rural males. To some extent, this study supports the application of hormone therapy in males with coronary heart disease, which can contribute to reducing the burden of coronary heart disease and related cardiovascular disease.

10.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3484-3491, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) play an important role in the energy metabolism. Whether there is a causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity remains unclear. Based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNP sites, this study was aimed to explore the causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity by Mendelian randomization analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1021 participants (511 cases and 510 controls defined by body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28.0 kg/m2) was conducted from the Henan Rural Cohort study. SNPscan® was performed to test the SNP genotyping and MethylTarget™ was applied to detect the DNA methylation level. The logistic regression model was used to evaluate the associations between SNP or methylation of JAK2 and obesity (according to BMI). Mendelian randomization analysis was used to assess the potential causal association between JAK2 methylation and obesity. According to the logistic regression model, 1 CpG sit in the promotor was related to an increased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). 10 CpG sites in the exon were associated with decreased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). Mendelian randomization analysis showed a causal association between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity, based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNPs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study supported that the methylation degree of JAK2 has a complex relationship with obesity, which might be related to the region of methylation. A causal relationship exists between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity.

11.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 181, 2021 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the independent and combined effects of progesterone and suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 DNA methylation on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among men and postmenopausal women in rural China. METHODS: A case-control study with 914 participants (329 T2DM, 585 controls) was conducted. Serum progesterone was detected with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. DNA methylation of SOCS3 was determined by MethylTarget™. Linear regression was applied to evaluate the associations of progesterone and SOCS3 methylation with marks of glucose metabolism. Logistic regression was employed to investigate the independent and combined effects of progesterone and SOCS3 methylation with T2DM in men and postmenopausal women. RESULTS: After multiple adjustment, progesterone was positively associated with T2DM in both men (odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)): 2.77 (1.79, 4.29)) and postmenopausal women (OR (95% CI): 1.85 (1.26, 2.72)). Methylation level of Chr17:76,356,190 or Chr17:76,356,199 (SOCS3) was negatively associated with T2DM in both men (OR (95% CI): 0.58 (0.39, 0.86) or 0.27 (0.14, 0.51)) and postmenopausal women (OR (95% CI): 0.43 (0.29, 0.65) or 0.53 (0.28, 0.99)). Subjects with high progesterone and low Chr17:76,356,190 or Chr17:76,356,199 methylation were more susceptible to have a higher prevalence of T2DM (men: OR (95% CI): 5.20 (2.49, 10.85) or 5.62 (2.74, 11.54); postmenopausal women: OR (95% CI): 3.66 (1.85, 7.26) or 3.27 (1.66, 6.45)). CONCLUSIONS: The independent and combined effects of progesterone and SOCS3 methylation on T2DM were found among men and postmenopausal women, suggesting that ensuring low levels of progesterone and high methylation of SOCS3 could reduce the prevalence of T2DM. Trial registration The Chinese Clinical Trial registration: The Henan Rural Cohort Study, ChiCTR-OOC-15006699. Registered 06 July 2015, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.

12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 687174, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485217

RESUMO

Background: Although high genetic risk and unhealthful lifestyles are associated with a high risk of hypertension, but the combined relationship between lifestyle score and genetic factors on blood pressure remains limited, especially in resource-constrained areas. Aim: To explore the separate and joint effects between genetic and lifestyle factors on blood pressure and hypertension in rural areas. Methods: In 4,592 adults from rural China with a 3-year of follow-up, a genetic risk score (GRS) was established using 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the lifestyle score was calculated including factors diet, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, drinking status, and physical activity. The associations of genetic and lifestyle factors with blood pressure and hypertension were determined with generalized linear and logistic regression models, respectively. Results: The high-risk GRS was found to be associated with evaluated blood pressure and hypertension and the healthful lifestyle with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) level. Individuals with unhealthful lifestyles in the high GRS risk group had an odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) of 1.904 (1.006, 3.603) for hypertension than those with a healthful lifestyle in the low GRS risk group. Besides, the relative risk (RR), attributable risk (AR), and population attributable risk (PAR) for unhealthful lifestyle are 1.39, 5.87, 0.04%, respectively, and the prevented fraction for the population (PFP) for healthful lifestyle is 9.47%. Conclusion: These results propose a joint effect between genetic and lifestyle factors on blood pressure and hypertension. The findings provide support for adherence to a healthful lifestyle in hypertension precision prevention. Clinical Trial Registration: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida
13.
Environ Int ; 157: 106865, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although exposure to ambient air pollution (AAP) increases the risk for arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), evidence on the association of solid fuel use with ASCVD and its association modified by ambient air pollution remains limited. METHODS: A total of 16,779 adults were derived from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. Concentrations of ambient air pollutants (PM1, PM2.5, PM10, and NO2) were estimated by a spatiotemporal model based on satellites data. Solid fuel use was assessed by a self-reported questionnaire. The associations of solid fuel use with high 10-year ASCVD risk and the modified association by exposure to air pollutants were explored using logistic regression models. RESULTS: There were positive associations of AAP exposure with high 10-year ASCVD risk among individuals with self-cooking. The joint associations between high AAP exposures and solid fuel use with high 10-year ASCVD risk were found. Compared to clean fuel user with low PM2.5 exposure, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of high 10-year ASCVD risk was 1.25 (1.09, 1.42) for solid fuel user with low PM2.5 exposure, 1.93 (1.75, 2.12) for clean fuel user with high PM2.5 exposure, and 3.08 (2.67, 3.54) for solid fuel user with high PM2.5 exposure, respectively. Their additive effect on high 10-year ASCVD risk was observed (relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI): 0.90 (95 %CI: 0.50, 1.30), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP): 0.29 (95 %CI: 0.19, 0.40), and synergy index (SI): 1.77 (95 %CI: 1.38, 2.26)). CONCLUSION: This study showed a synergistic effect of AAP and household air pollution reflected by solid fuel use on high 10-year ASCVD risk, suggesting that reducing solid cooking fuels and controlling air pollution may have a joint effect on public health improvement.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
14.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1644, 2021 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to characterize the prevalence of alcohol consumption and further investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We studied 39,259 participants aged 18 to 79 years of the Henan Rural Cohort study. The associations between alcohol consumption and T2DM were examined using the logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline. RESULTS: For men, alcohol abstinence was associated with an increased risk of T2DM (1.491(1.265, 1.758)), whereas current drinkers were not associated with T2DM (1.03(0.91, 1.15)). Further analysis of alcohol drinkers revealed that only high-risk drinkers of WHO drinking risk levels increased the risk of T2DM (1.289(1.061,1.566)) compared to never drinkers. The risk of T2DM increased as the age of starting to consume alcohol decreased and as the number of years of consuming alcohol and the alcohol intake increased only in men. We further found that the risk of T2DM decreased as the number of years of abstinence increases and no association between alcohol abstinence and T2DM was found after more than 10 years of abstinence among men. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that reducing the amount of alcohol consumed and adhering to abstinence from alcohol consumption are beneficial in reducing the risk of T2DM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). Date of registration: 2015-07-06. http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural
15.
Hypertens Res ; 44(11): 1483-1491, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480134

RESUMO

Current studies have shown the controversial effect of genetic risk scores (GRSs) in hypertension prediction. Machine learning methods are used extensively in the medical field but rarely in the mining of genetic information. This study aims to determine whether genetic information can improve the prediction of incident hypertension using machine learning approaches in a prospective study. The study recruited 4592 subjects without hypertension at baseline from a cohort study conducted in rural China. A polygenic risk score (PGGRS) was calculated using 13 SNPs. According to a ratio of 7:3, subjects were randomly allocated to the train and test datasets. Models with and without the PGGRS were established using the train dataset with Cox regression, artificial neural network (ANN), random forest (RF), and gradient boosting machine (GBM) methods. The discrimination and reclassification of models were estimated using the test dataset. The PGGRS showed a significant association with the risk of incident hypertension (HR (95% CI), 1.046 (1.004, 1.090), P = 0.031) irrespective of baseline blood pressure. Models that did not include the PGGRS achieved AUCs (95% CI) of 0.785 (0.763, 0.807), 0.790 (0.768, 0.811), 0.838 (0.817, 0.857), and 0.854 (0.835, 0.873) for the Cox, ANN, RF, and GBM methods, respectively. The addition of the PGGRS led to the improvement of the AUC by 0.001, 0.008, 0.023, and 0.017; IDI by 1.39%, 2.86%, 4.73%, and 4.68%; and NRI by 25.05%, 13.01%, 44.87%, and 22.94%, respectively. Incident hypertension risk was better predicted by the traditional+PGGRS model, especially when machine learning approaches were used, suggesting that genetic information may have the potential to identify new hypertension cases using machine learning methods in resource-limited areas. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375 .

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342826

RESUMO

Long-term exposure to air pollutants and residential greenness related to advanced fibrosis have been sparsely studied in low- and middle-income countries. A total of 29883 participants were selected from a cross-sectional survey of the Henan Rural Cohort. Concentrations of air pollutants (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 1.0 µm (PM1), ≤ 2.5 µm (PM2.5), ≤ 10 µm (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)) for participants were predicted by using a spatiotemporal model. Residential greenness of each participant was indicated by Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Independent and joint associations of air pollutants and residential greenness indices with prevalent advanced fibrosis reflected by fibrosis-4 score (FIB4), aspartate-to-platelet-ratio index (APRI) and ALT/AST ratio were analyzed by generalized linear mixed models and their interactive effect on prevalent advanced fibrosis were visualized by using the interplot method. Long-term exposure to PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 were positively related to FIB4 or APRI as well as prevalent intermediate-high advanced fibrosis; EVI was negatively related to FIB4 or APRI as well as prevalent intermediate-high advanced fibrosis. Negative associations of residential greenness indices (EVI or NDVI) with prevalent advanced fibrosis were decreased as increased air pollutants (PM1, PM2.5, PM10 or NO2) (P < 0.05 for all). This study indicated that residential greenness may partially attenuate negative effect of long-term exposure to air pollutants related to increased prevalent intermediate-high advanced fibrosis, implying that residential greenness may be an effective strategy to reduce the burden of prevalent hepatic fibrosis and its related disease in association with exposure high levels of air pollutants. The Henan Rural Cohort study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375 ).

17.
Atherosclerosis ; 330: 14-21, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the effects of serum testosterone, obesity and their interaction on blood pressure (BP) parameters and hypertension among Chinese rural adults. METHODS: A total of 6199 adults were recruited from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. Serum testosterone was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and linear regression were used to evaluate the association between testosterone, hypertension and BP parameters (including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP)). A generalized linear model was performed to identify the interactive effects of testosterone and obesity on hypertension. RESULTS: High levels of serum testosterone were associated with a lower prevalence of hypertension in males (odds ratio (OR): 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.53, 0.89). After stratification by obesity, observed associations were only found in non-obese males. Each one-unit increase in ln-testosterone was associated with a 1.23 mmHg decrease in SBP, 0.97 mmHg decrease in DBP, and 1.05 mmHg decrease in MAP among males. Moreover, interactive effects between testosterone and obesity on hypertension and BP parameters were found, indicating that protective effects of serum testosterone on hypertension and BP parameters were counteracted and accompanied by increased values of obesity-related indicators in males, and additional testosterone increased BP parameters and prevalence of hypertension at high levels of waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio in females. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated levels of serum testosterone were associated with decreased BP parameters and prevalent hypertension in males, and obesity modifying effects of serum testosterone on BP parameters and hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Testosterona , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297194

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A significant shift in meal pattern with frequent eating out was closely associated with multiple chronic outcomes, but with limited evidence on hyperuricemia. We aimed to explore the associations between eating out and serum uric acid (SUA) as well as hyperuricemia. METHODS: A total of 29,597 participants were recruited from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to collect dietary data, including the frequency of eating out. Linear regression models were used to examine the association of eating-out frequency with SUA and BMI. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline were performed to assess the association and dose-response relationship between eating-out frequency and hyperuricemia. The mediation effect of BMI between eating out and the risk of hyperuricemia was evaluated. RESULTS: Eating out was significantly associated with higher SUA levels in the total population and males (P < 0.001). Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs) of hyperuricemia were 1.26 (1.09, 1.46) for the total population and 1.18 (1.00, 1.40) for males (≥ 7 times/week vs 0 time/week). A non-linear positive dose-response relationship between eating-out frequency and hyperuricemia was observed. Furthermore, BMI played a partial mediating role in the relationship between eating out frequency and hyperuricemia, which explained 30.7% in the total population and 44.8% in males. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that eating out was associated with increased SUA levels and elevated hyperuricemia risk in rural China, especially in males. Moreover, the relationship was partly mediated by BMI. CLINICAL TRIALS: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699 (2015-07-06).

19.
Hemodial Int ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318564

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous in vitro studies have shown that catecholamine inotropes are potent stimulators of bacterial growth and biofilm formation on catheter surfaces. This study aimed to investigate the effects of administering catecholamine inotropes during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on catheter-related infections in critically ill patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study included patients requiring CRRT in an intensive care unit from 2016 to 2017, who were divided into those who received and did not receive catecholamine inotropes for ≥24 h (catecholamine and control groups, respectively). The primary endpoint was catheter-related infection, including catheter-related colonization (CRCOL) and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). FINDINGS: We included 235 patients with 297 dialysis catheters. The catecholamine group had higher proportions of cardiovascular disease (p = 0.002), shock (p < 0.001), mechanical ventilation (p < 0.001), and antibiotic use (p = 0.013). There was no significant between-group difference in the CRBSI incidence (5.742 vs. 3.143 events/1000 catheter-days; p = 0.205). However, the CRCOL incidence was significantly higher in the catecholamine group than in the control group (6.221 vs. 0.898 events/1000 catheter-days; p = 0.006). The prominent pathogenic bacteria were gram-negative bacteria. After adjusting for confounding factors in multivariate logistic models, catecholamine inotropes (OR: 3.575, 95% CI: 1.422-9.912, p = 0.008) and immunosuppression (OR: 2.980, 95% CI: 1.137-7.812, p = 0.026) were independently associated with a higher risk of catheter-related infections. DISCUSSION: We observed a similar incidence of catheter-related infection with that in other CRRT patients. Using catecholamine inotropes in those patients increased CRCOL risk, which is consistent with previous in vitro studies. Our findings suggest that catecholamine inotropes is an independent risk factor for catheter-related infections in critically ill patients undergoing CRRT.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112458, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217118

RESUMO

Residential greenness may be beneficial for cardiovascular health, but the evidence is still scarce, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the associations between exposure to residential greenness and 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in a large rural Chinese adult population. This was a cross-sectional study based on 31,162 participants aged 35-74 years with complete data on predictors of the 10-year ASCVD risk from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. The satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) were used to quantify residential greenness in a buffer radius of 500 m, 1000 m, and 3000 m. The high 10-years ASCVD risk was defined as the estimated risk ≥10% based on prediction equations from the China-PAR Project for Chinese populations. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models were performed to estimate the associations of greenness exposures with high 10-year ASCVD risk, and mediation analyses were employed to the potential mediators. For per interquartile range (IQR) increase in NDVI500-m, NDVI1000-m, NDVI3000-m, EVI500-m, EVI1000-m, and EVI3000-m, the adjusted OR (95% CI) of high 10-years ASCVD risk was 0.828 (0.793-0.866), 0.850 (0.817-0.885), 0.823 (0.792-0.855), 0.848 (0.809-0.889), 0.863 (0.826-0.901), 0.843 (0.805-0.883), respectively. Strong associations of NDVI500-m and EVI500-m with high 10-years ASCVD risk were found among participants with lower education level and lower averaged monthly income. The associations of greenness exposures with high 10-year ASCVD risk were partially explained by particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤1 µm, BMI, and physical activity. Enhancing residential greenness exposure may be beneficial for reducing the high 10-year ASCVD risk in rural Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
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