Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 133
Filtrar
1.
Air Qual Atmos Health ; : 1-15, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815237

RESUMO

The Central Plains Urban Agglomeration (CPUA) is the largest region in central China and suffers from serious air pollution. To reveal the spatiotemporal variations and the sources of fine particulate matter (PM2.5, with an aerodynamic diameter of smaller than 2.5 µm) concentrations of CPUA, multiple and transdisciplinary methods were used to analyse the collected millions of PM2.5 concentration data. The results showed that during 2017 ~ 2020, the yearly mean concentrations of PM2.5 for CPUA were 68.3, 61.5, 58.7, and 51.5 µg/m3, respectively. The empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis suggested that high PM2.5 pollution mainly occurred in winter (100.8 µg/m3, 4-year average). The diurnal change in PM2.5 concentrations varied slightly over the season. The centroid of the PM2.5 concentration moved towards the west over time. The spatial autocorrelation analysis indicated that PM2.5 concentrations exhibited a positive spatial autocorrelation in CPUA. The most polluted cities distributed in the northern CPUA (Handan was the centre) formed a high-high agglomeration, and the cities located in the southern CPUA (Xinyang was the centre) formed a low-low agglomeration. The backward trajectory model and potential source contribution function were employed to discuss the regional transportation of PM2.5. The results demonstrated that internal-region and cross-regional transport of anthropogenic emissions were all important to PM2.5 pollution of CPUA. Our study suggests that joint efforts across cities and regions are necessary. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11869-022-01178-z.

2.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(8)2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35893138

RESUMO

The fungal genus Gnomoniopsis (Gnomoniaceae, Diaporthales) has been reported all around the world and isolated from multiple plant hosts. Based on multilocus phylogenies from a combined dataset of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the ribosomal RNA gene cluster, and partial regions of translation elongation factor 1 alpha (tef1) and partial beta-tubulin (tub2), in conjunction with morphological characteristics, we describe and illustrate herein four new species, including Gnomoniopsisdiaoluoshanensis sp. Nov., G. lithocarpi sp. Nov., G. mengyinensis sp. Nov. and G.yunnanensis sp. Nov. Alongside this, their similarity and dissimilarity to morphologically-allied and phylogenetically-related species are annotated and discussed. For facilitating future identification, we update the key to all species currently recognized in this genus.

3.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 907961, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35875515

RESUMO

Species of Onnia are important tree pathogens and play a crucial role in forest ecosystems. The species diversity and distribution of Onnia have been studied, however, its evolutionary history is poorly understood. In this study, we reconstructed the phylogeny of Onnia using internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) rDNA sequence data. Molecular clock analyses developed the divergence times of Onnia based on a dataset (ITS + LSU rDNA + rpb1 + rpb2 + tef1α). Reconstruct Ancestral State in Phylogenies (RASP) was used to reconstruct the historical biogeography for the genus Onnia with a Dispersal Extinction Cladogenesis (DEC) model. Here, we provide a robust phylogeny of Onnia, with a description of a new species, Onnia himalayana from Yunnan Province, China. Molecular clock analyses suggested that the common ancestor of Onnia and Porodaedalea emerged in the Paleogene period with full support and a mean stem age of 56.9 Mya (95% highest posterior density of 35.9-81.6 Mya), and most species occurred in the Neogene period. Biogeographic studies suggest that Asia, especially in the Hengduan-Himalayan region, is probably the ancestral area. Five dispersals and two vicariances indicate that species of Onnia were rapidly diversified. Speciation occurred in the Old World and New World due to geographic separation. This study is the first inference of the divergence times, biogeography, and speciation of the genus Onnia.

4.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(6)2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736060

RESUMO

Species in Microdochium, potential agents of biocontrol, have often been reported as plant pathogens, occasionally as endophytes and fungicolous fungi. Combining multiple molecular markers (ITS rDNA, LSU rDNA, TUB2 and RPB2) with morphological characteristics, this study proposes three new species in the genus Microdochium represented by seven strains from the plant hosts Miscanthus sinensis and Phragmites australis in Hainan Island, China. These three species, Microdochium miscanthi sp. Nov., M. sinense sp. Nov. and M. hainanense sp. Nov., are described with MycoBank number, etymology, typification, morphological features and illustrations, as well as placement on molecular phylogenetic trees. Their affinity with morphologically allied and molecularly closely related species are also analyzed. For facilitating identification, an updated key to the species of Microdochium is provided herein.

5.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(6): 913-915, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692659

RESUMO

Most Porodaedalea species are important phytopathogenic and medicinal fungi. Recently, several Porodaedalea species including P. mongolica were newly described. In the present study, the complete sequence of mitochondrial genome of P. mongolica was determined, with a size of 114,176 bp and a GC content of 28.98%, containing two ribosomal RNA subunit, 26 transfer RNA, and 54 protein-coding genes (PCGs). The comparative analyses indicated that the amino acids of 14 core PCGs were highly conserved in Porodaedalea. Phylogenetic analysis of Porodaedalea was performed based on mitogenomic data and provided a new insight to the phylogeny of the Porodaedalea. The complete mitogenome sequence provides important data for further study of Porodaedalea.

6.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 781-800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529472

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, landscapes of EMT-related genes have not been fully established in CAD. We identified the differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Pearson's correlation analysis, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression, and support vector machine reverse feature elimination algorithms were used to screen EMT-related lncRNAs. The cis-trans regulatory networks were constructed based on EMT-related lncRNAs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate the expression of EMT-related genes in a cohort of six patients with CAD and six healthy controls. We further estimated the infiltration of the immune cells in CAD patients with five algorithms, and the correlation between EMT-related genes and infiltrating immune cells was analyzed. We identified eight EMT-related lncRNAs in CAD. The area under curve value was greater than 0.95. The immune analysis revealed significant CD8 T cells, monocytes, and NK cells in CAD and found that EMT-related lncRNAs were correlated with these immune cell subsets. Moreover, SNAI2, an EMT-TF gene, was found in the trans-regulatory network of EMT-related lncRNAs. Further, we found SNAI2 as a biomarker for the diagnosis of CAD but it also had a close correlation with immune cell subsets in CAD. Eight EMT-related lncRNAs and SNAI2 have important significance in the diagnosis of CAD patients.

7.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(5)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35628728

RESUMO

Although species of Absidia are known to be ubiquitous in soil, animal dung, and insect and plant debris, the species diversity of the genus and their ecological habitats have not been sufficiently investigated. In this study, we describe five new species of Absidia from forest and grassland soils in southwestern China, with support provided by phylogenetic, morphological, and physiological evidence. The species diversity and ecological habitat of Absidia are summarized. Currently, 22 species are recorded in China, which mainly occur in soil, especially in tropical and subtropical forests and mountains. An updated key to the species of Absidia in China is also provided herein. This is the first overview of the Absidia ecological habitat.

8.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 190: 107736, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259411

RESUMO

Elucidating the mechanism of infection of Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) and host antiviral response remains a major scientific task in sericulture. Virus invasion causes a series of antiviral immune responses in the host, and successful infection leads to massive changes in the host's physiological and biochemical state. Current research mainly focuses on silkworm genes and proteins associated with viral infection and resistance, but little is known regarding the host metabolic pathways that the virus utilizes for optimal replication. In this work, key metabolites involved in viral infection were identified, including trehalose, riboflavin, tryptophan, tyrosine, and phenylalanine. The genes associated with metabolite biosynthesis and catabolism were analyzed, and their expression levels were found to be largely consistent with their respective metabolite levels before and after viral treatment in both strains. The screened metabolites were further investigated for their roles in viral replication using exogenous metabolite addition into the culture medium. The results showed that tryptophan effectively inhibited BmNPV replication, while glutamine promoted viral replication in a dose-dependent manner. Trehalose and riboflavin exhibited a complex effect on BmNPV replication. This study outlines the critical metabolites and metabolic pathways required for BmNPV to proliferate and infect the host, indicting the potential of metabolite-based treatment for viral inhibition.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Nucleopoliedrovírus , Viroses , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Nucleopoliedrovírus/fisiologia , Riboflavina/metabolismo , Riboflavina/farmacologia , Trealose/metabolismo , Trealose/farmacologia , Triptofano/metabolismo
9.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 131: 104381, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35245606

RESUMO

As a representative species of Lepidoptera, Bombyx mori has been widely studied and applied. However, bacterial infection has always been an important pathogen threatening the growth of silkworms. Bombyx mori can resist various pathogenic bacteria through their own physical barrier and innate immune system. However, compared with other insects, such as Drosophila melanogaster, research on the antibacterial mechanism of silkworms is still in its infancy. This review systematically summarized the routes of bacterial infection in silkworms, the antibacterial mechanism of silkworms after ingestion or wounding infection, and the intestinal bacteria and infection of silkworms. Finally, we will discuss silkworms as a model animal for studying bacterial infectious diseases and screening antibacterial drugs.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Bombyx , Animais , Antibacterianos , Bactérias , Drosophila melanogaster
10.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(2): 374-376, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35187234

RESUMO

The complete mitochondrial genome of Linnemannia amoeboidea (W. Gams) Vandepol & Bonito 2020 (Strain no.: CBS 889.72) was sequenced under the next-generation sequencing platform. It was the second one in the family Mortierellaceae Luerss. 1877. The circular genome was 49,702 bp in size, with a GC content of 20.86%. Gene prediction revealed 15 PCGs, two rRNA genes, 26 tRNA genes, one rnpB gene and seven ORFs. Phylogenetic analyses showed that L. amoeboidea was closely related to Podila verticillate (Linnem.) Vandepol & Bonito 2020.

11.
Environ Res ; 210: 112900, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35167853

RESUMO

Vehicle emission is an important contributor to urban air pollution with the increasing number of motor vehicles. Ten typical vehicles were selected in Wuhan to study the emissions of fine particular matters (PM2.5) and associated chemical components by on-road tests through a Portable Emission Monitoring System (PEMS). The emission factors of PM2.5 and the compositions of it from different types of vehicle were obtained. Results showed that the average emission factors of PM2.5 from gasoline and diesel vehicles were 1.266 and 16.589 mg/km. As the emission standard of vehicles increased from China III to China V, PM2.5 emission factor gradually decreased from 17.385 to 1.520 mg/km. Emission rate of PM2.5 was 0.0384 mg/s under low speed, and it increased to 0.0775 and 0.0964 mg/s under the medium and high speeds. The ratio of organic carbon versus elemental carbon (OC/EC) in PM2.5 from gasoline vehicles was 6.89, which was greater than that of diesel vehicles as 3.12. Because gasoline was made of small molecules and the compression ratio of gasoline engine was relatively low, some OC remained in the area where the ignition failed in the cylinder. The top four water-soluble ions with high emission factors were Cl-, SO42-, Ca2+, and Na+, while K, Na, Ca and Mg had a larger emission factors in the 21 tested inorganic elements. These water-soluble ions and inorganic elements mainly came from the oil burning, fuel additives and engines wear. Results of PM2.5 emission characteristics would help to improve the air quality in Wuhan.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Gasolina , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Carbono/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gasolina/análise , Veículos Automotores , Material Particulado/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Água
12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(2): 714-722, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075845

RESUMO

GC-SAW was used to carry out online sampling analysis of the main business sources, residential sources, and roads in Rizhao City from August 22 to 29 in 2020. The spatial distribution characteristics of various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere were obtained, and the chemical reactivity of the main components was studied. The results showed that the VOCs with carbon atoms greater than 5 (VOCC>5) were mainly toluene propylbenzene and n-octane, and the spatial distribution was significant; the average ρ(TVOCC>5) in the port area, downtown area, and industrial area were 80.5, 115.3, and 118.1 µg·m-3, respectively. Combined with road traffic impact and industrial production emissions, the maximum ρ(TVOCC>5) on the main roads in Rizhao City appeared near the Yingbin Road; the concentration value was 164.37 µg·m-3; the ρ(BTEX) in adhesive processing, painting, and glass factories reached 432.34, 1010.84, and 1989.85 µg·m-3, respectively. The chemical reactivity analysis of the main components of VOCC>5 showed that BTEX and n-octane were the important active components of ozone formation in Rizhao City.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
13.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 115: 465-473, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969474

RESUMO

Cross-boundary transport of air pollution is a difficult issue in pollution control for the North China Plain. In this study, an industrial district (Shahe City) with a large glass manufacturing sector was investigated to clarify the relative contribution of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) to the city's high levels of pollution. The Nest Air Quality Prediction Model System (NAQPMS), paired with Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF), was adopted and applied with a spatial resolution of 5 km. During the study period, the mean mass concentrations of PM2.5, SO2, and NO2 were observed to be 132.0, 76.1, and 55.5 µg/m3, respectively. The model reproduced the variations in pollutant concentrations in Shahe at an acceptable level. The simulation of online source-tagging revealed that pollutants emitted within a 50-km radius of downtown Shahe contributed 63.4% of the city's total PM2.5 concentration. This contribution increased to 73.9±21.2% when unfavorable meteorological conditions (high relative humidity, weak wind, and low planetary boundary layer height) were present; such conditions are more frequently associated with severe pollution (PM2.5 ≥ 250 µg/m3). The contribution from Shahe was 52.3±21.6%. The source apportionment results showed that industry (47%), transportation (10%), power (17%), and residential (26%) sectors were the most important sources of PM2.5 in Shahe. The glass factories (where chimney stack heights were normally < 70 m) in Shahe contributed 32.1% of the total PM2.5 concentration in Shahe. With an increase in PM2.5 concentration, the emissions from glass factories accumulated vertically and narrowed horizontally. At times when pollution levels were severe, the horizontally influenced area mainly covered Shahe. Furthermore, sensitivity tests indicated that reducing emissions by 20%, 40%, and 60% could lead to a decrease in the mass concentration of PM2.5 of of 12.0%, 23.8%, and 35.5%, respectively.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano
14.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 765733, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858376

RESUMO

The genus Conidiobolus s.s. was newly delimited from Conidiobolus s.l. In order to gain insight into its mitochondrial genetic background, this study sequenced six mitochondrial genomes of the genus Conidiobolus s.s. These mitogenomes were all composed of circular DNA molecules, ranging from 29,253 to 48,417 bp in size and from 26.61 to 27.90% in GC content. The order and direction for 14 core protein-coding genes (PCGs) were identical, except for the atp8 gene lost in Conidiobolus chlamydosporus, Conidiobolus polyspermus, and Conidiobolus polytocus, and rearranged in the other Conidiobolus s.s. species. Besides, the atp8 gene split the cox1 gene in Conidiobolus taihushanensis. Phylogenomic analysis based on the 14 core PCGs confirmed that all Conidiobolus s.s. species formed a monophyly in the Entomophthoromycotina lineage. The number and length of introns were the main factors contributing to mitogenomic size, and deep variations and potential transfer were detected in introns. In addition, gene transfer occurred between the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. This study promoted the understanding of the evolution and phylogeny of the Conidiobolus s.s. genus.

15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(10)2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683309

RESUMO

To meet the requirements of low frequency, high power, small size and light weight, a type of Class I barrel-stave flextensional transducer employing improved concave stave is presented. As the key component of flextensional transducer, concave stave plays an important role in vibrating efficiently to radiate acoustic energy. The structure of concave stave has a great effect on its behavior. In this paper, the main parameters of concave stave are discussed, especially the effect of radius on flextensional transducer. Both concave stave and transducer are analyzed through finite element method, including mechanical transformation behavior of concave stave and performances of flextensional transducer. On the basis of finite element design, five prototypes employing concave staves with different radii are manufactured and measured. The simulations and tests reveal that concave stave can affect performances of flextensional transducer. A larger radius of concave stave will result in a greater amplification of vibration and a lower resonance frequency of transducer. This can be a feasible way to optimize the resonance frequency or source level of flextensional transducer through adjusting the radius of concave stave in a small range. According to the electrical and acoustical tests, our Class I barrel-stave flextensional transducer is capable of being used as underwater low-frequency small-size projector.

16.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 193: 114791, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582774

RESUMO

The representative morphological features of pyroptosis are excessive cell swelling and subsequent membrane rupture. However, the mechanism underlying the cell's inherent inability to regulate volume during the progression of pyroptosis is poorly understood. In the current study, we found that both volume-activated chloride currents (Icl, vol) and the regulatory volume decrease (RVD) were markedly decreased in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) undergoing pyroptosis induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and nigericin. The inhibition of ICl, vol and RVD by the chloride channel blockers, tamoxifen or DCPIB, led to the emergence of pyroptosis-like phenotypes such as activated-caspase-1, pyroptotic-body-like bubbles, and a fried-egg-like appearance. Moreover, the expression of the volume-activated chloride channel (VRAC) constituent protein Leucine-Rich Repeat-Containing 8A (LRRC8A) was significantly down-regulated in pyroptotic BMDMs treated with LPS and nigericin. The silencing of LRRC8A expression by small interfering RNA (si)-LRRC8A transfection not only reduced ICl, vol and RVD, but also caused BMDMs to show pyroptosis-like manifestations such as activated-caspase-1, membrane bubbles, and have a fried-egg-like appearance. These results reveal a new mechanism for the loss of volume regulation in the process of pyroptotic cell swelling and strongly suggest that a functional deficiency of VRAC/LRRC8A plays a key role in this disorder.


Assuntos
Canais de Cloreto/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Nigericina/toxicidade , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Biomarcadores , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Indanos/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 189: 214-222, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428486

RESUMO

Currently, low sugar and low energy have become an important trend in the food industries. Therefore, the bioconversion of the functional low-calorie rare sugars attracts more and more attention. l-Ribulose 3-epimerase (LREase) belongs to the ketose 3-epimerase (KEase) family, which could not only efficiently catalyze the reversible C-3 epimerization between l-ribulose and l-xylulose but also between d-fructose and d-allulose. In this paper, a hyperthermostable LREase from Labedella endophytica was identified and characterized. It exhibited maximum catalytic activity at pH 6.0 and 80 °C with 1 mM Ni2+. In the presence of Co2+, the t1/2 values at 60, 65, and 70 °C were 37.7, 9.0, and 4.6 h, respectively, and Tm value was 80.9 °C. From 500 g/L d-fructose, it could produce 154.2 g/L d-allulose with a conversion rate of 30.8% in 10 h. In view of its strong thermostability and high catalytic efficiency, L. endophytica LREase might be a good potential alternative for d-allulose industrial production.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/enzimologia , Frutose/metabolismo , Racemases e Epimerases/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Estabilidade Enzimática , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons , Cinética , Metais , Filogenia , Racemases e Epimerases/química , Especificidade por Substrato , Temperatura
18.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 677836, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421840

RESUMO

Four new species within the genus Absidia, A. globospora, A. medulla, A. turgida, and A. zonata, are proposed based on a combination of morphological traits, physiological features, and molecular evidences. A. globospora is characterized by globose sporangiospores, a 1.0- to 3.5-µm-long papillary projection on columellae, and sympodial sporangiophores. A. medulla is characterized by cylindrical to oval sporangiospores, a 1.0- to 4.5-µm-long bacilliform projection on columellae, and spine-like rhizoids. A. turgida is characterized by variable sporangiospores, up to 9.5-µm-long clavate projections on columellae, and swollen top of the projection and inflated hyphae. A. zonata is characterized by cylindrical to oval sporangiospores, a 2.0- to 3.5-µm-long spinous projection on columellae, and as many as eight whorled sporangiophores. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of internal transcribed spacer rDNA and D1-D2 domains of LSU rDNA support the novelty of these four species within the Absidia. All new species are illustrated, and an identification key to all the known species of Absidia in China is included.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207287

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata is a well-known medicinal and heterotrophic orchid. Its germination, limited by the impermeability of seed coat lignin and inhibition by abscisic acid (ABA), is triggered by symbiosis with fungi such as Mycena spp. However, the molecular mechanisms of lignin degradation by Mycena and ABA biosynthesis and signaling in G. elata remain unclear. In order to gain insights into these two processes, this study analyzed the transcriptomes of these organisms during their dynamic symbiosis. Among the 25 lignin-modifying enzyme genes in Mycena, two ligninolytic class II peroxidases and two laccases were significantly upregulated, most likely enabling Mycena hyphae to break through the lignin seed coats of G. elata. Genes related to reduced virulence and loss of pathogenicity in Mycena accounted for more than half of annotated genes, presumably contributing to symbiosis. After coculture, upregulated genes outnumbered downregulated genes in G. elata seeds, suggesting slightly increased biological activity, while Mycena hyphae had fewer upregulated than downregulated genes, indicating decreased biological activity. ABA biosynthesis in G. elata was reduced by the downregulated expression of 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED-2), and ABA signaling was blocked by the downregulated expression of a receptor protein (PYL12-like). This is the first report to describe the role of NCED-2 and PYL12-like in breaking G. elata seed dormancy by reducing the synthesis and blocking the signaling of the germination inhibitor ABA. This study provides a theoretical basis for screening germination fungi to identify effective symbionts and for reducing ABA inhibition of G. elata seed germination.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Agaricales/patogenicidade , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Gastrodia/microbiologia , Lignina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Agaricales/genética , Agaricales/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/genética , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Gastrodia/genética , Gastrodia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gastrodia/metabolismo , Germinação , Lacase/genética , Lacase/metabolismo , Lignina/genética , Peroxidases/genética , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Simbiose , Transcriptoma
20.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(7): 1840-1841, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124362

RESUMO

Neoconidiobolus thromboides is a pandemic species in the genus Neoconidiobolus. In this article, we report the first complete sequence of mitochondrial genome from a common entomophthoroid fungus Neoconidiobolus thromboides under Illumina next-generation sequencing system. The total length of the mitogenome is 34,984 bp with a GC content of 26.99%. The gene annotation revealed 56 genes, including 30 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rDNAs), 24 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes. Phylogenetic analyses of 14 concatenated conserved PCGs indicated that N. thromboides was grouped with Capillidium heterosporum and Conidiobolus sp.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...