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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121111, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563089

RESUMO

Hydrotalcite materials are generally utilized for anionic pollutants due to its interlayered anion exchange ability. Their potentiality for cationic contaminants is rarely explored. In this study, disulfide (S2-) intercalated LDH material demonstrated capability to remove both heavy metal cations and oxyanions simultaneously from water. The S2- intercalation of LDH significantly improved its adsorption capability towards both heavy metal cations (Co2+ and Ni2+) and oxyanion (CrO42-). The adsorption amount of S-LDH towards Co2+ and Ni2+ reached 88.6mg/g and 76.2mg/g, which are 405% and 281% higher than that of pristine LDH. For CrO42- removal, the adsorption amount reached 34.7mg/g, 402% higher than that of pristine LDH. The cations capture mechanism mainly depends on the novel layer sheet cation substitution mechanism based on irreversible precipitation and the generation of metal sulfide precipitates. Meanwhile, the interlayered S2- can be easily replaced by CrO42- to realize the simultaneous removal of both heavy metal cations and oxyanions. In the fixed-bed column experiments, 448 bed volume (BV) (672 mL) of simulating electroplating wastewater can be efficiently treated by yielding only 1 BV(15 mL) of chemical sludge, which is practically acceptable. This work provided a highly practical adsorption technology based on the S2- modification hydrotalcite material for the purification of heavy metal ions contaminated wastewater.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110289, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753386

RESUMO

This paper systematically investigates the biomedical performance of selective laser melted (SLM) porous Ti6Al4V ELI scaffolds for bone implantation through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Scaffolds with pore sizes of 500 µm, 600 µm and 700 µm and porosities of 60% and 70% were manufactured in order to explore the optimum pore size and porosity. Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMMSCs) were used in the in vitro experiments. Cell Counting Kit-8, live/dead staining and scanning electron microscope were used to assess the cytotoxicity of the porous scaffolds. DNA content quantification was performed to investigate cell proliferation on the porous scaffolds. The osteogenic differentiation of cells was measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteogenic gene expressions, including bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), collagen type 1α1 (COL-1), osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX-2). The Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat models with distal femoral condyles defect were used in the in vivo experiments. Micro-CT analysis and histological analysis were performed after implantation surgery to reveal the bone ingrowth into the porous scaffolds. All in vitro data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc tests, in vivo data were analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis ANOVA and Conover-Inman post-hoc test. Based on the in vitro and in vivo experiments, it is found that the porous scaffolds manufactured by SLM did not induce a cytotoxic effect. Among all the porous scaffolds, the scaffold with a pore size of 500 µm and porosity of 60% showed the best cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation (in vitro experiments) and bone ingrowth (in vivo experiments).

3.
J Endocrinol ; 244(1): 25-40, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539873

RESUMO

Recent studies raise the possibility that eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha (eEF1A) may play a role in metabolism. One isoform, eEF1A2, is specifically expressed in skeletal muscle, heart and brain. It regulates translation elongation and signal transduction. Nonetheless, eEF1A2's function in skeletal muscle glucose metabolism remains unclear. In the present study, suppression subtractive hybridisation showed a decrease in Eef1a2 transcripts in the skeletal muscle of diabetic Mongolian gerbils. This was confirmed at mRNA and protein levels in hyperglycaemic gerbils, and in db/db and high-fat diet-fed mice. Further, this downregulation was independent of Eef1a2 promoter methylation. Interestingly, adeno-associated virus-mediated eEF1A2 overexpression in skeletal muscle aggravated fasting hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and glucose intolerance in male diabetic gerbils but not in female gerbil models. The overexpression of eEF1A2 in skeletal muscle also resulted in promoted serum glucose levels and insulin resistance in male db/db mice. Up- and downregulation of eEF1A2 by lentiviral vector transfection confirmed its inhibitory effect on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and signalling transduction in C2C12 myotubes with palmitate (PA)-induced insulin resistance. Furthermore, eEF1A2 bound PKCß and increased its activation in the cytoplasm, whereas suppression of PKCß by an inhibitor attenuated eEF1A2-mediated impairment of insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant myotubes. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was elevated by eEF1A2, whereas suppression of ER stress or JNK partially restored insulin sensitivity in PA-treated myotubes. Additionally, eEF1A2 inhibited lipogenesis and lipid utilisation in insulin-resistant skeletal muscle. Collectively, we demonstrated that eEF1A2 exacerbates insulin resistance in male murine skeletal muscle via PKCß and ER stress.

4.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 65: 37-44, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655140

RESUMO

Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is a critical factor in MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for local heating, which can affect the accuracy of temperature measurement. In order to achieve high SNR and higher temporal resolution, dedicated coil arrays for MR-guided HIFU applications need to be developed. In this work, a flexible 9-channel coil array was designed, and constructed at 3 T to achieve fast temperature mapping for MR-guided HIFU applications on rabbit leg muscle. Coil performance was evaluated for SNR, and parallel imaging capability by in-vivo studies. Compared to a commercially available 4-channel flexible coil array, the dedicated 9-channel coil array has a much higher SNR, with at least a 2.6-fold increment in the region of interest (ROI). The inverse g-factors maps demonstrated that the dedicated 9-channel coil array has a better parallel imaging capability than the Flex Small 4. With accelerations normal to the array direction, both coil arrays showed much higher g-factors than those of accelerations along the array direction. Room temperature mapping was implemented to evaluate the temperature measurement accuracy by in-vivo experiments. The precisions of the 9-channel coil, ±0.18 °C for un-acceleration and ±â€¯0.56 °C for acceleration at R = 2 × 2, both improved by an order of magnitude than these of the 4-channel coil, which were ±â€¯1.45 °C for un-acceleration and ±â€¯3.52 °C for acceleration at R = 2 × 2. In the fast temperature imaging on the rabbit leg muscle with heating, a high temporal resolution of 3.3 s with a temperature measurement precision of ±0.56 °C has been achieved using the dedicated 9-channel coil. This study demonstrates that the dedicated 9-channel coil array for rabbit leg imaging provides improved performance in SNR, parallel imaging capability, and the accuracy of temperature measurement compared to a commercial 4-channel coil, and it also achieves fast temperature mapping in practical MR-guided HIFU applications.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2550-2557, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492275

RESUMO

In this study, pulsed laser deposition method (PLD) was employed to grow MgxZn1-xO films on quartz substrates. The optimal deposition temperature of 300 °C for MgxZn1-xO film was decided and Mg0.38Zn0.62O, Mg0.56Zn0.44O and Mg0.69Zn0.31O films were grown respectively using MgxZn1-xO targets with different Mg contents (x = 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7). As-deposited Mg0.38Zn0.62O film possessed the mixed-phase (hexagonal and cubic phase) structure, appropriate band gap of 4.68 eV and smaller surface roughness of 1.72 nm, and the solar-blind photodetector (PD) based on it was fabricated. The key features of our PD are the cutoff wavelength of 265 nm lying in solar-blind band, lower dark current (Idark) of 88 pA, higher peak responsivity of 0.10 A/W and bigger Ilight/Idark ratio of 1688, which provide the new idea for the application of solar-blind PDs based on MgxZn1-xO films.

6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1790-1798, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492344

RESUMO

Tungsten oxide microflowers (WO3 MFs) were fabricated by a simple hydrothermal process through adjusting the pH of the solution by HCl. These MFs possess the outer diameters of about 2 µm and are composed of numerous nanoplates with the average pore size of 10.9 nm. Chemiresistive activity of as-fabricated WO3 MFs sensor was attempted towards oxidizing and reducing target gases, revealing a superior selectivity to NO2 with a maximum response of 22.95 (2 ppm NO2) @105 °C compared to other target gases. One of the key features of as-fabricatedWO3 MFs sensor is the lower detection limit of 125 ppb and operating temperature of 105 °C to NO2 with better reproducibility, signifying commercial prospective of the developed sensor materials. Finally, the gas sensing mechanism of WO3 MFs sensor has been proposed.

7.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124533, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466004

RESUMO

The activation of persulfate by Fe(II) coupled with hydroxylamine (the HA/Fe(II)/PS system) was highly effective for the degradation of refractory organic contaminants under acidic pH conditions. However, owing to the precipitation of ferric hydroxide and/or the slow reduction from Fe(III) to Fe(II), the HA/Fe(II)/PS system was invalid under neutral and alkaline pH conditions. In this study, it was observed that the degradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) was strongly enhanced over the wide pH range of 2-9 when trace Cu(II) (0.5-5 µM) was spiked into the HA/Fe(II)/PS system. It was evident that Cu(I) was generated via the reduction of Cu(II) by HA in the bimetallic system at both pH 3 and pH 8, and the steady concentration of Fe(II) in the bimetallic system was much higher than that in the HA/Fe(II)/PS system due to the rapid reaction between Fe(III) and Cu(I). Quenching experiments using tert-butyl alcohol, methanol and sodium bromide as the scavengers and electron spin resonance experiments confirmed that the primary reactive species responsible for AO7 degradation were sulfate radical at both pH 3 and pH 8, rather than hydroxyl radical and Cu(III). Nevertheless, sulfate radical was mainly produced by Fe(II)-activated PS at pH 3, while both Cu(I) and Fe(II) made important contributions to the generation of sulfate radical at pH 8. The bimetallic system was also highly effective in degrading other organic contaminants, such as phenol, diclofenac, reactive red 2 and orange G. This study might provide a promising idea based on Fe(II)-activated PS for degrading organic contaminants over a wide pH range.

8.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 132: 109441, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731964

RESUMO

D-allulose has received increasing attention due to its excellent physiological properties and commercial potential. The D-allulose 3-epimerase from Rhodopirellula baltica (RbDAEase) catalyzes the conversion of D-fructose to D-allulose. However, its poor thermostability has hampered its industrial application. Site-directed mutagenesis based on homologous structures in which the residuals on high flexible regions were substituted according to B-factors analysis, is an effective way to improve the thermostability and robustness of an enzyme. RbDAEase showed substrate specificity toward D-allulose with a Km of 58.57 mM and kcat of 1849.43 min-1. It showed a melting temperature (Tm) of 45.7 °C and half-life (t1/2) of 52.3 min at pH 8.0, 60 °C with 1 mM Mn2+. The Site-directed mutation L144 F strengthened the thermostability to a Δt1/2 of 50.4 min, ΔTm of 12.6 °C, and ΔT5060 of 22 °C. It also improved the conversion rate to 28.6%. Structural analysis reveals that a new hydrophobic interaction was formed by the mutation. Thus, site-directed mutagenesis based on B-factors analysis would be an efficient strategy to enhance the thermostability of designed ketose 3-epimerases.

9.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124707, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479912

RESUMO

Site soils with persistent cyanide compounds (primarily iron-cyanide complex) pose potential hazards to the environment and require remediation before redevelopment. This study evaluated the possibility of thermal treatment on remediation of cyanide-contaminated soils via batch heating experiments spanning a wide temperature range (200-500 °C). The change with operation variables of total cyanide and some reaction intermediates (e.g. CN-) was analyzed in order to elucidate the optimal variables that guarantee cyanide removal while generating no hazardous byproducts. Temperature, heating time and cyanide species have been found to be important parameters influencing removal/destruction of cyanide in soils. For soils bearing K3[Fe(CN)6] and K4[Fe(CN)6], a removal efficiency of >99.9% can be obtained with temperatures over 350 °C at 1 h, while for samples bearing Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3, a higher temperature (>450 °C) is needed to obtain an equivalent efficiency. During heating, the iron-cyanide complexes decomposed, releasing highly toxic free cyanides, which will subsequently be oxidized. However, a small percentage of free cyanide can always be detected as a result of incomplete oxidation, thus caution should be taken to minimize the accumulation of free cyanide during thermal treatment.

10.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104588, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dental occlusion are frequently changed in clinic. Molecular responses in jaw muscles to aberrant dental occlusion are changes are attractive, yet remain are obscure. DESIGN: Unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) prostheses were applied to Sprague-Dawley rats and then ceased after two weeks to detect the reactions of the masseter, a representative jaw elevator, and the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM), a representative jaw depressor. RESULTS: Two weeks of UAC elicited mild injury of the two muscles. Myogenesis and protective reactions were detected as increases in αB-crystallin expression in the masseter after 3 days and in the LPM after 2 weeks, and increases in desmin expression in both muscles after 2 weeks. A switch in fibre types from IIb to IIx occurred in the LPM but not in the masseter. Inflammatory responses, shown by the infiltration of inflammatory cells and increases in TNF-α mRNA expression, and fibrosis responses, shown by increased mRNA expression of Type I and III collagens, appeared very mild in the two muscles. These responses were partially recovered by the cessation of UAC. During the whole process, no obvious changes were observed in mitochondrial function, as indicated by the levels of proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α, mitofusin-2 and voltage-dependent anion channel. CONCLUSIONS: UAC causes injury and very limited inflammatory and fibrosis adaption in the masseter and LPM. Both muscles respond with myogenesis and protective activity. The LPM responds also with muscle fibre isoform alternations. These alterations were partially recovered by the cessation of dental stimulation at an early stage.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672274

RESUMO

Previous work have shown several key brain nuclei involved in acute psychological stress and glucose homeostasis. Acute stress influences glucose metabolism via released stress hormones by activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the sympathetic nervous system. Little is known about the brain nuclei which response to peripheral glucose alteration are either abundant with glucosesensing neurons or the activations are secondary to stress. Here we profile and compare the brain nuclei that response to stress and glucose homeostasis in mouse models of acute restraint stress, glucose and 2-DG injections respectively. Our present work provide a comprehensive depiction on key brain nuclei involved in CNS control of stress and glucose homeostasis, which gives clue for functional identification of brain nuclei that regulate glucose homeostasis under stress.

12.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674295

RESUMO

A negative interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) result might inappropriately lower the clinical suspicion for childhood tuberculosis (TB) and result in delayed treatment initiation. However, the risk factors associated with false-negative IGRA results in children remain unclear. Between May 2012 and January 2018, 156 culture-confirmed childhood TB patients who had received T-SPOT.TB test were included. Data, including demographic information and clinicopathological variables, were collected via questionnaires. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% CI of risk factors associated with false-negative T-SPOT.TB results. The positive rate of T-SPOT.TB test was 85.9% in childhood TB patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that younger age (≤ 9 years; OR = 4.782; 95% CI: 1.689, 13.539), weight for age (z-score > 0.37; OR = 4.256; 95% CI: 1.458, 12.428), and hypoproteinemia (total protein ≤ 68.4 g/L; OR = 7.131; 95% CI: 1.864, 27.271) were risk factors for false-negative T-SPOT.TB results in childhood TB. Younger age, overweight, and hypoproteinemia were found to be associated with false-negative T-SPOT.TB results in childhood TB. Health care professionals should consider these risk factors when evaluating suspected childhood TB with negative T-SPOT.TB results.

13.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 7(10): e14926, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke, as a leading cause of death around the globe, has become a heavy burden on our society. Studies show that stroke can be predicted and prevented if a person's blood pressure (BP) status is appropriately monitored via an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM) system. However, currently there exists no efficient and user-friendly ABPM system to provide early warning for stroke risk in real-time. Moreover, most existing ABPM devices measure BP during the deflation of the cuff, which fails to reflect blood pressure accurately. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to develop a new ABPM mobile health (mHealth) system that was capable of monitoring blood pressure during inflation and could detect early stroke-risk signals in real-time. METHODS: We designed an ABPM mHealth system that is based on mobile network infrastructure and mobile apps. The proposed system contains two major parts: a new ABPM device in which an inflation-type BP measurement algorithm is embedded, and an abnormal blood pressure data analysis algorithm for stroke-risk prediction services at our health data service center. For evaluation, the ABPM device was first tested using simulated signals and compared with the gold standard of a mercury sphygmomanometer. Then, the performance of our proposed mHealth system was evaluated in an observational study. RESULTS: The results are presented in two main parts: the device test and the longitudinal observational studies of the presented system. The average measurement error of the new ABPM device with the inflation-type algorithm was less than 0.55 mmHg compared to a reference device using simulated signals. Moreover, the results of correlation coefficients and agreement analyses show that there is a strong linear correlation between our device and the standard mercury sphygmomanometer. In the case of the system observational study, we collected a data set with 88 features, including real-time data, user information, and user records. Our abnormal blood pressure data analysis algorithm achieved the best performance, with an area under the curve of 0.904 for the low risk level, 0.756 for the caution risk level, and 0.912 for the high-risk level. Our system enables a patient to be aware of their risk in real-time, which improves medication adherence with risk self-management. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this device is the first ABPM device that measures blood pressure during the inflation process and has obtained a government medical license. Device tests and longitudinal observational studies were conducted in Peking University hospitals, and they showed the device's high accuracy for BP measurements, its efficiency in detecting early signs of stroke, and its efficiency at providing an early warning for stroke risk.

14.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670803

RESUMO

Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins are helical repeat RNA binding proteins that function in RNA processing by conferring sequence-specific RNA binding activity. Owing to lethality of PPR mutants, functions of many PPR proteins remain obscure. Here, we report the function of PPR20 in intron splicing in mitochondria and its role in maize seed development. PPR20 is a P-type PPR protein targeted to mitochondria. The ppr20 mutants display slow embryo and endosperm development. Null mutation of PPR20 severely reduces the cis-splicing of mitochondrial nad2 intron 3, resulting in reduction in the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complex I. The ppr20-35 allele with a Mu insertion in the N-terminal region shows a much weaker phenotype. Molecular analyses revealed that the mutant produces a truncated transcript, coding for PPR20ΔN120 lacking the N-terminal 120 amino acids. Subcellular localization revealed that PPR20ΔN120: GFP is able to target to mitochondria as well, suggesting the sequence diversity of the mitochondrial targeting peptides. Another mutant zm_mterf15 was also found to be impaired in the splicing of mitochondrial nad2 intron 3. Further analyses are required to identify the exact function of PPR20 and Zm_mTERF15 in the splicing of nad2 intron 3.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703156

RESUMO

Radical-involved enantioselective oxidative C-H bond functionalization by a hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT) process has emerged as a promising method for accessing functionally diverse enantioenriched products, while asymmetric C(sp3 )-H bond amination remains a formidable challenge. To address this problem, described herein is a dual CuI /chiral phosphoric acid (CPA) catalytic system for radical-involved enantioselective intramolecular C(sp3 )-H amination of not only allylic positions but also benzylic positions with broad substrate scope. The use of 4-methoxy-NHPI (NHPI=N-hydroxyphthalimide) as a stable and chemoselective HAT mediator precursor is crucial for the fulfillment of this transformation. Preliminary mechanistic studies indicate that a crucial allylic or benzylic radical intermediate resulting from a HAT process is involved.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773949

RESUMO

Inverted planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells based on all-inorganic selective contact layers show great promise for commercialization owing to their competitiveness in terms of cost and stability. However, the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of the few reported perovskite solar cells with this type of device structure have been limited by relatively low photovoltages. Here, we propose a new device structure comprising electron beam-evaporated nickel oxide and niobium oxide as the hole and electron selective contact layers, respectively. We demonstrate that metal oxide material can be directly deposited on perovskite film by electron beam evaporation without damaging the interface. We propose that the turn-on voltage of the p-n junction formed by the selective contacts represents a quantitative proxy of the charge blocking performance. A high turn-on voltage of 1.36 V is obtained for the NiOx/Nb2O5 p-n junction. An open-circuit voltage of 1.16 V is achieved using a hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite with a band gap of 1.6 eV. The large photovoltage, enabled by the excellent charge extraction and blocking properties of the inorganic selective contact layers, leads to the highest PCE of over 19.0% for this class of device.

17.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777993

RESUMO

Chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is far from satisfactory, mainly due to poor targeting of antitumor drugs and self-adaptations of the tumors. Angiogenesis, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) channels, migration, and invasion are the main ways for tumors to get nutrition. Herein, RPV-modified Epirubicin and dioscin co-delivery liposomes were successfully prepared. These liposomes exhibited ideal physicochemical properties, enhanced tumor targeting and accumulation in tumor sites, and inhibited VM channels formation, tumor angiogenesis, migration and invasion. The liposomes also down-regulated VM-related and angiogenesis-related proteins in vitro. Furthermore, when tested in vivo, the targeted co-delivery liposomes increased the selective accumulation of drugs in tumor sites and exhibited extended stability in blood circulation. In conclusion, the RPV-modified Epirubicin and dioscin co-delivery liposomes exhibited strong antitumor efficacy in vivo and could thus be considered a promising strategy for NSCLC treatment.

18.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 38: 101071, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has gained increasing attention for the treatment of psychological disorders. This study aims to establish the effectiveness of CBT on psychological and physical outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Two waves of electronic searches of the PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were conducted. Statistical analyses were performed using Revman Manager 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software. RESULTS: Sixteen randomized controlled trials were eligible. There were significant improvements in anxiety (SMD = -0.23; 95% CI: -0.42 to -0.04; P = 0.02), depression (SMD = -0.29, 95% CI: -0.40 to -0.19, P < 0.01), quality of life (MD = -5.21; 95% CI: -10.25 to -0.17; P = 0.04), and mean visits to emergency departments in the CBT groups. No statistically significant differences were observed in fatigue (SMD = 0.88, 95% CI: -0.58 to 2.35, P = 0.24), exercise capacity (MD = 28.75, 95% CI: -28.30 to 85.80, P = 0.32), self-efficacy (SMD = 0.15, 95% CI: -0.05 to 0.34, P = 0.14), or sleep quality (MD = 1.21, 95% CI: -0.65 to 3.06, P = 0.20). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that CBT can serve as a complementary therapy to improve anxiety, depression, and quality of life in COPD patients and deserves more widespread application in clinical practice.

19.
Environ Int ; 134: 105330, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759274

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) released from permafrost thaw greatly influences the biogeochemical cycles of, among others, downstream carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles; yet, knowledge of the linkages between bacterial communities with permafrost DOM heterogeneity is limited. Here, we aim at unravelling the responses of bacterial diversities and metabolic profiles to DOM quantity and composition across permafrost thawing gradients by coupling an extensive field investigation with bio-incubation experiments. Richness, evenness and dissimilarities of the whole and rare communities decreased from thermokarst pits to headstreams and to downstream rivers. The assemblages of the abundant subcommunities were mainly determined by ecological drift-driven stochastic processes. Both the optical and the molecular composition of DOM were significantly related to the changes of the whole (rare) bacterial communities (Mantel's correlation > 0.5, p < 0.01). Diversity indices of the whole and rare communities decreased with decreasing relative abundance of tannins, condensed aromatics and more aromatic and oxidized lignins as well as with decreased dissolved organic carbon and intensities of all fluorescence components. Laboratory DOM bio-incubation experiments further confirmed microbial consumption of more aromatic and oxidized compounds as well as decreasing metabolic diversities in terms of microbial degradation and production along permafrost thawing gradients. Our findings suggest that changes in the sources of permafrost-derived DOM induced by global warming can have different influences on the diversity and metabolism of bacterial communities and thus on permafrost carbon climate feedbacks along permafrost thawing gradients.

20.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 903, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) has historically been used as a model organism for the auditory and visual systems, stroke/ischemia, epilepsy and aging related research since 1935 when laboratory gerbils were separated from their wild counterparts. In this study we report genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation further supported by transcriptome sequencing and assembly from 27 different tissues samples. RESULTS: The genome was sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000 and after assembly resulted in a final genome size of 2.54 Gbp with contig and scaffold N50 values of 31.4 Kbp and 500.0 Kbp, respectively. Based on the k-mer estimated genome size of 2.48 Gbp, the assembly appears to be complete. The genome annotation was supported by transcriptome data that identified 31,769 (> 2000 bp) predicted protein-coding genes across 27 tissue samples. A BUSCO search of 3023 mammalian groups resulted in 86% of curated single copy orthologs present among predicted genes, indicating a high level of completeness of the genome. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first de novo assembly of the Mongolian gerbil genome enhanced by assembly of transcriptome data from several tissues. Sequencing of this genome and transcriptome increases the utility of the gerbil as a model organism, opening the availability of now widely used genetic tools.

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