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1.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 999007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090352

RESUMO

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified numerous genetic variants associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is considered highly genetically heritable. However, because most of the variants located in the non-coding region of the human genome, the onset of ADHD requires further exploration. Methods: The risk genes involved in ADHD were identified by integrating GWAS summary data and expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) data using summary-data-based Mendelian randomization (SMR) method. We then used a stratified linkage disequilibrium score regression (LDSR) method to estimate the contribution of ADHD-relevant tissues to its heritability to screen out disease-relevant tissues. To determine the ADHD-relevant cell types, we used an R package for expression-weighted cell type enrichment (EWCE) analysis. Results: By integrating the brain eQTL data and ADHD GWAS data using SMR, we identified 247 genes associated with ADHD. The LDSR applied to specifically expressed genes results showed that the ADHD risk genes were mainly enriched in brain tissue, especially in the mesencephalon, visual cortex, and frontal lobe regions. Further cell-type-specific analysis suggested that ADHD risk genes were highly expressed in excitatory neurons. Conclusion: The study showed that the etiology of ADHD is associated with excitatory neurons in the midbrain, visual cortex, and frontal lobe regions.

2.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 937803, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091431

RESUMO

Although bone tissue has the ability to heal itself, beyond a certain point, bone defects cannot rebuild themselves, and the challenge is how to promote bone tissue regeneration. Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are a magnetic material because of their excellent properties, which enable them to play an active role in bone regeneration. This paper reviews the application of IONPs in bone tissue regeneration in recent years, and outlines the mechanisms of IONPs in bone tissue regeneration in detail based on the physicochemical properties, structural characteristics and safety of IONPs. In addition, a bibliometric approach has been used to analyze the hot spots and trends in the field in order to identify future directions. The results demonstrate that IONPs are increasingly being investigated in bone regeneration, from the initial use as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents to later drug delivery vehicles, cell labeling, and now in combination with stem cells (SCs) composite scaffolds. In conclusion, based on the current research and development trends, it is more inclined to be used in bone tissue engineering, scaffolds, and composite scaffolds.

3.
Heliyon ; 8(9): e10487, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091964

RESUMO

Background and objective: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a traumatic impact on the whole world in all aspects including physical health, economic condition, and mental health. Psychological problems are commonly neglected for their inconspicuous symptoms. Little is known about the medical students' psychological status during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of anxiety among medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Two thousand and two medical students were investigated in this cross-sectional study. Zung's self-rating anxiety scale was used to evaluate their anxiety symptoms. A total of 1917 questionnaires were collected, and the response rate was 95.8%. Results: There were 1735 (90.5%) complete and valid questionnaires. The average SAS standard score was 42.8 ± 11.0. The results indicated that the prevalence of anxiety in medical students was 25.9%. Less social support (OR = 1.4, 95%CI 1.2-1.7) is an independent risk factor of anxiety syndrome, while the female (OR = 0.6, 95%CI 0.5-0.8) is less likely to have anxiety syndrome. Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety in medical students is higher during the COVID-19 pandemic. Male students and students with less social support are more likely to have anxiety syndrome. Medical educators and students themselves should take serious steps to prevent, recognize and deal with the anxiety prevalence.

4.
Front Genet ; 13: 984273, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092898

RESUMO

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a highly aggressive disease with a poor prognosis for advanced tumors. Anoikis play a key role in cancer metastasis, facilitating the detachment and survival of cancer cells from the primary tumor site. However, few studies have focused on the role of anoikis in HNSC, especially on the prognosis. Methods: Anoikis-related genes (ANRGs) integrated from Genecards and Harmonizome portals were used to identify HNSCC subtypes and to construct a prognostic model for HNSCC patients. Also, we explored the immune microenvironment and enrichment pathways between different subtypes. Finally, we provide clinical experts with a novel nomogram based on ANRGs, with DCA curves indicating the potential clinical benefit of the model for clinical strategies. Results: We identified 69 survival-related HNSCC anoikis-related DEGs, from which 7 genes were selected to construct prognostic models. The prognostic risk score was identified as an independent prognostic factor. Functional analysis showed that these high and low risk groups had different immune status and drug sensitivity. Next risk scores were combined with HNSCC clinicopathological features together to construct a nomogram, and DCA analysis showed that the model could benefit patients from clinical treatment strategies. Conclusion: The predictive seven-gene signature and nomogram established in this study can assist clinicians in selecting personalized treatment for patients with HNSCC.

5.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098208

RESUMO

The γδ T cell subset was discovered over 30 years ago, yet continues to be an exciting and challenging component of the adaptive immune response. While γδ T cells represent a very small fraction of all T cells in humans, γδ T cells have a vital effect on human immunity, serving as a bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems. The characteristics of γδ T cells include recognition of non-MHC restrictive antigens, as well as the ability to secrete an abundance of cytokines, suggesting that γδ T cells have high antitumor activity. As such, they have gained ample attention with respect to tumor immunotherapy in the last decade. The γδ T cell subset comprises up to ∼15-20% of the T-lymphocyte population in the liver, although the liver is recognized as an immune organ with primary immune functions, the role of γδ T cells in liver disease has not been established. Herein, we present a comprehensive overview of molecular mechanisms underlying immune γδ T cell activity in liver disease, including immune liver injury, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and review γδ T cell-based clinical immunotherapeutic approaches.

6.
J Neurol ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Axial postural abnormalities, mainly involving the spinal deformities, are disabling symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the prevalence of axial postural abnormalities in PD and their clinical correlates remain unclear. The present study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of overall and subtypes of axial postural abnormalities in PD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane databases were searched up to 31st March, 2022. We identified studies that reported the prevalence of axial postural abnormalities in PD. The pooled estimate of prevalence was calculated using a random effect model. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed. RESULTS: There were 19 studies met the inclusion criteria. The overall prevalence of axial postural abnormalities in PD was 22.1% (95% CI 19.7-24.5%). The prevalence of each subtype of axial postural abnormalities was 19.6% for scoliosis (95% CI 10.6-28.7%), 10.2% for camptocormia (95% CI 7.7-12.7%), 8% for Pisa syndrome (95% CI 4.7-11.4%), and 7.9% for antecollis (95% CI 3.9-11.9%). Subgroup analysis showed that the measuring method of axial postural abnormalities exerted significant effects on prevalence estimates. Axial postural abnormalities in PD were associated with older age, longer disease duration, higher H-Y stage, greater levodopa equivalent daily dose, more severe motor symptoms, motor fluctuations, and akinetic-rigid subtype. CONCLUSIONS: Axial postural abnormalities, which include scoliosis, camptocormia, Pisa syndrome, and antecollis, are not uncommon in patients with PD. Future research on axial postural abnormalities should be based on uniform diagnostic criteria and measuring methods.

7.
J Adv Res ; 40: 59-68, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100334

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cell wall degradation and remodeling is the key factor causing fruit softening during ripening. OBJECTIVES: To explore the mechanism underlying postharvest cell wall metabolism, a transcriptome analysis method for more precious prediction on functional genes was needed. METHODS: Kiwifruits treated by ethylene (a conventional and effective phytohormone to accelerate climacteric fruit ripening and softening as kiwifruits) or air were taken as materials. Here, Consensus Coexpression Network Analysis (CCNA), a procedure evolved from Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) package in R, was applied and generated 85 consensus clusters from twelve transcriptome libraries. Advanced and comprehensive modifications were achieved by combination of CCNA and WGCNA with introduction of physiological traits, including firmness, cell wall materials, cellulose, hemicellulose, water soluble pectin, covalent binding pectin and ionic soluble pectin. RESULTS: As a result, six cell wall metabolisms related structural genes AdGAL1, AdMAN1, AdPL1, AdPL5, Adß-Gal5, AdPME1 and four transcription factors AdZAT5, AdDOF3, AdNAC083, AdMYBR4 were identified as hub candidate genes for pectin degradation. Dual-luciferase system and electrophoretic mobility shift assays validated that promoters of AdPL5 and Adß-Gal5 were recognized and trans-activated by transcription factor AdZAT5. The relatively higher enzyme activities of PL and ß-Gal were observed in ethylene treated kiwifruit, further emphasized the critical roles of these two pectin related genes for fruit softening. Moreover, stable transient overexpression AdZAT5 in kiwifruit significantly enhanced AdPL5 and Adß-Gal5 expression, which confirmed the in vivo regulations between transcription factor and pectin related genes. CONCLUSION: Thus, modification and application of CCNA would be powerful for the precious phishing the unknown regulators. It revealed that AdZAT5 is a key factor for pectin degradation by binding and regulating effector genes AdPL5 and Adß-Gal5.


Assuntos
Actinidia , Frutas , Actinidia/genética , Actinidia/metabolismo , Consenso , Etilenos/metabolismo , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Pectinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
8.
Eur J Radiol ; 156: 110504, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the diagnostic performance of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and MRI-based radiomics analysis for lymph node metastasis (LNM) detection in patients with cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: We searched relevant databases for studies on ADC values and MRI-based radiomics analysis for LNM detection in CC between January 2001 and December 2021. Methodological quality assessment of risk of bias using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 and radiomics quality score (RQS) of the studies was conducted. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR-), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated. Diagnostic performance was compared between the two quantitative analyses using a two-sample Z-test. RESULTS: In total, 22 studies including 2314 patients were included. Unclear risk of bias was observed in 4.5-36.4% of the studies. The 8 radiomics studies exhibited a median (interquartile range) RQS of 13.5 (5.5-15.75). The pooled sensitivity, specificity, LR+, LR-, DOR, and AUC of the ADC values vs radiomics analysis were 0.86 vs 0.84, 0.85 vs 0.73, 5.7 vs 3.1, 0.17 vs 0.22, 34 vs 14, and 0.91 vs 0.86, respectively. There was no threshold effect or publication bias, but significant heterogeneity existed among the studies. No significant difference was detected in the diagnostic performance of the two quantitative analyses using the Z-test. CONCLUSION: ADC values are more clinically promising because they are more easily accessible and widely applied, and exhibit a non-statistically significant trend to outperform radiomics analysis.

9.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(9): 1538-1543, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124186

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of full-thickness sutures combined with intracameral air injection (FTS-AI) versus pre-Descemet's membrane sutures combined with intracameral air injection (PDS-AI) in the management of acute corneal hydrops in keratoconus. METHODS: The research included 8 patients (8 eyes) suffering from acute corneal hydrops caused by keratoconus. Four patients were randomly assigned to FTS-AI. And the other four were randomly assigned to PDS-AI. Corneal oedema, visual acuity, corneal thickness were assessed during follow-up. RESULTS: The demographics, preoperative duration of symptoms and severity of corneal hydrops between the two groups were not significantly different. The mean corneal oedema resolution time after FTS-AI and PDS-AI were 11±1.15 and 15±1.41d, respectively (P=0.005). The maximum corneal thickness of the scarred region decreased in both groups at one week postoperatively (P<0.05). No obvious difference was found in the mean maximal corneal thickness between the two groups postoperatively. The BCVA improved significantly after FTS-AI and PDS-AI at three months postoperatively. No obvious difference was found in the BCVA after FTS-AI and PDS-AI at three months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: FTS-AI and PDS-AI are safe and effective therapies to accelerate the resolution of corneal oedema in acute corneal hydrops secondary to keratoconus. Despite faster resolution of corneal oedema in the FTS-AI group, we recommend PDS-AI to avoid potential endothelium cell damage.

10.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(9): 1483-1487, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124197

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the reproducibility of macular perfusion parameters in non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) patients measured by different examiners and two different sweep modes of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Ninety-eight (98 eyes) patients with NPDR were included in this study. All participates were performed three times using Cirrus OCTA with Angiography 3×3 mm2 and 6×6 mm2 sweep mode by two examiners. The macular foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and vessel density (VD) in the superficial retinal layer (SRL) were measured. The reproducibility of the measurements was evaluated with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CoV). RESULTS: The intra-mode ICCs of Angiography 3×3 mm2 and 6×6 mm2 sweep mode were 0.957 to 0.959 and 0.964 to 0.977, respectively; and the inter-mode ICCs were 0.962 to 0.970. The intra-examiner ICCs of macular perfusion parameters were >0.950; and the inter-examiner ICCs were 0.928 to 0.969. All CoVs were <1.0%. CONCLUSION: Cirrus OCTA can measure macular perfusion parameters in NPDR patients with excellent reproducibility. The measurements of FAZ and VD in the SRL determined by Angiography 3×3 mm2 and 6×6 mm2 sweep mode are highly consistent and both sweep modes are suitable for macular perfusion parameters measurement.

11.
J Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126227

RESUMO

CDK8 is a transcriptional cyclin-dependent kinase and considered as a potential target in colon cancer therapeutics. Here, a novel selective CDK8 inhibitor was identified against colon cancer in vivo. Specifically, based on the structural information of the sorafenib-bound CDK8 structure, a series of novel 2-amino-pyridine derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated. Among them, compound 29 showed strong inhibitory activity against CDK8 with an IC50 value of 46 nM and favorable selectivity. And there is an apparent interaction between the endogenous or overexpressed CDK8 and biotinylated-29. This compound exhibited antiproliferation potency on colon cancer cell lines with a high CDK8 expression level, suppressed the activation of WNT/ß-catenin and transcriptional activity of the TCF family, and induced G1 phase arrested in HCT-116 cells. In addition, this compound showed potent activity against sorafenib-resistant HCT-116 cells. What's more, it exhibited low toxicity and suitable pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and showed preferable antitumor effects in vivo.

12.
World Neurosurg ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Previous studies have found that chronic neck pain is associated with changes in neck muscle morphology and fat infiltration (FI). This systematic review summarizes and analyzes all studies on neck muscle morphology in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNNP). OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to review and analyze measurements of neck muscles in all patients with CNNP, including morphological changes in the multifidus muscle (MF), longus colli muscle (LC), and semisspinalis capitis muscle (SCa) in patients with CNNP compared with controls. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis METHODS: A comprehensive search of online databases, including PubMed, Web of Sciences, Embase, and Medline was conducted to identify relevant studies reporting changes in neck muscle morphology in patients with chronic neck pain versus healthy controls. Search scope from inception to June 30, 2022, no language restrictions. Two reviewers participated in the screening process independently. Due to the lack of relevant data from other studies, only studies were selected to report morphological changes of MF, LC and SCa in patients with CNNP, including muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), lateral diameter (LD), and anteroposterior diameter (APD). A modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess study quality and risk of bias. A total of 11 studies were included based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, of which 8 were included in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that the CSA of LC was slightly smaller in CNNP patients (MD = -0.23, 95%CI = -0.37 to -0.08), and the multiplied linear dimensions (MLD: LD*APD) of SCa was slightly smaller (MD =-0.19, 95%CI = -0.34 to -0.03). There was no difference in MF muscle size between CNNP patients and healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: LC and SCa sizes were slightly smaller in CNNP patients, there was no difference in MF muscle size between the two groups. And no conclusions could be drawn in fat infiltration due to insufficient evidence. In summary, CNNP has influence on neck muscle morphology, but the evidence is limited.

14.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PRDM5 is considered a tumor suppressor in several types of solid tumors and is involved in multiple cellular processes. However, target genes regulated by PRDM5 in lung cancer and its potential mechanism are poorly defined. METHODS: Survival analysis was conducted using Kaplan-Meier estimates based on the online databases. RNA-sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed to identify the differentially expressed genes in PRDM5-overexpressed A549 cells. RESULTS: We observed deregulated PRDM5 in several lung adenocarcinoma cell lines and its association with a poor prognosis. PRDM5 overexpression inhibited the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro and suppressed tumor growth in a xenograft model. PRDM5 upregulated the promoter activity of SOCS1, which then inhibited the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the low expression of PRDM5 promotes the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating SOCS1 and then upregulating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

15.
ACS Omega ; 7(36): 32131-32152, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120034

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is very complex, and there are many hypotheses. Therefore, the development of a multi-target-directed-ligand may be an effective therapeutic strategy. Our previous study showed that notopterol (a natural product from Notopterygium) is a dual BACE1/GSK3ß inhibitor. In this study, we designed and synthesized 48 notopterol derivatives with furacoumarin as a scaffold in order to enhance their balanced AChE/BACE1/GSK3ß inhibitory activity. Fortunately, 1c showed effective inhibitory activity against AChE (58.7% at 1.0 µM), BACE1 (48.3% at 20 µM), and GSK3ß (40.3% at 10 µM). Furthermore, 1c showed good blood-brain barrier penetrability, suitable bioavailability, and oral safety. More importantly, 1c could ameliorate the impaired learning and memory in Aß-induced AD mice. In conclusion, we reported the triple inhibitor of AChE/BACE1/GSK3ß lead compounds based on a furocoumarin scaffold of notopterol for the first time, which provides a potential new strategy for the treatment of AD.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 920979, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120313

RESUMO

Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mey) is a kind of perennial herb of the Panax genus in the Araliaceae family. The secondary metabolites of mountain-cultivated ginseng (MCG) and garden ginseng (GG) vary greatly due to their different growth environments. To date, the differences in their pharmacological effects on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and their clinical applications remain unclear. To distinguish between the components of MCG and GG, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) was performed. Next, the relationship between the expression of metabolites and the categories of the sample were analyzed using supervised partial least squares discriminant analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. A network-based pharmacology approach was developed and applied to determine the underlying mechanism of different metabolites in CVD. In the present study, the role of MCG and GG in angiogenesis and their protective effects on damaged blood vessels in a vascular injury model of zebrafish were investigated. Using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS, 11 different metabolites between MCG and GG were identified. In addition, 149 common target genes associated with the metabolites and CVD were obtained; these targets were related to tumor protein P53, proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src, human ubiquitin-52 amino acid fusion protein, ubiquitin-40S ribosomal protein S27a, polyubiquitin B, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1, vascular endothelial growth factor A, glycose synthase kinase-3B, and coagulation factor II and were associated with the regulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-Akt signaling pathway, the tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, and the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway, which play important roles in the curative effect in CVD treatment. Both types of ginseng can promote the growth of the subintestinal vessel plexus and protect injured intersegmental vessels through the HIF-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, MCG has a stronger impact than GG. This is the first time metabolomics and network pharmacology methods were combined to study the difference between MCG and GG on CVDs, which provides a significant theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of CVD with two kinds of ginseng.

17.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 2517-2521, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations play an important role in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). However, their yield in the diagnosis of infant TBM remains unclear. This scoping review aims to detail the role of CSF examination for the diagnosis of infant TBM. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EBSCO, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was performed to identify articles published prior to October 14th, 2021. Articles describing the results of CSF exanimations among infant TBM were eligible for inclusion. Data extracted from each study included age, sex, CSF microbiological evidence (such as AFB smear, TB PCR, and TB culture), and routine CSF examinations (such as appearance, red blood cell count, white blood cell count, protein, and glucose). RESULTS: A total of 98 cases were included in the final analysis. The yield of microbiological methods was listed as follows: CSF AFB smear, 20.5% (9/44); CSF TB culture 47.5% (29/61); CSF TB PCR, 65.0% (26/40); the combination of them, 57.3% (47/82). According to Marais criteria, the positivities of CSF examinations were calculated as follows: WBC count (ref, 50-500/µL), 65.5% (55/84); lymphocyte predominance (ref, >0.5), 75.4% (49/65); total protein (ref, >100 mg/dL), 67.8% (59/87); glucose (ref, <2.2 mmol/L, or CSF/serum ratio < 0.5), 68.2% (58/85). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrated that routine microbiological tools for infant TBM diagnosis have a sensitivity ranging from 20.5% to 65.0%, and most CSF features are non-specific and insufficient to predict a diagnosis of infant TBM. Therefore, further effort is required to develop new tools for infant TBM diagnosis.Key messages: Routine microbiological tools (such as acid-fast bacilli smear, PCR, and culture) have an unsatisfactory sensitivity for infant TBM diagnosis, and most CSF features are non-specific and insufficient to predict a diagnosis of infant TBM. Therefore, further effort is required to develop new tools for infant TBM diagnosis.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose Meníngea , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Glucose , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Tuberculose Meníngea/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Meníngea/diagnóstico
18.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122196

RESUMO

The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of crop rotation on Fusarium mycotoxins and Fusarium species in cereals in Sichuan Province. A total of 311 cereal samples were randomly collected from 2018 to 2019 in Sichuan Province and analysed. The results of mycotoxin analysis showed that the major trichothecene mycotoxins in Sichuan Province were nivalenol (NIV) and deoxynivalenol (DON), and the mean concentration of total trichothecenes (including NIV, fusarenone X (4ANIV), DON, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3ADON), and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15ADON)) in wheat was significantly higher than that in maize and rice. The concentration of total trichothecenes in the succeeding crops was significantly higher than that in the previous crops. In addition, wheat grown after maize had reduced incidence and concentration of trichothecene mycotoxins compared with that grown after rice, and ratooning rice grown after rice had increased incidence and concentration of trichothecene mycotoxins. Our data indicated that Fusarium asiaticum with the NIV chemotype was predominant in wheat and rice samples, while the number of the NIV chemotypes of F. asiaticum and Fusarium meridionale, and the 15ADON chemotype of Fusarium graminearum in maize were almost the same. Although the composition of Fusarium species was affected by crop rotations, there were no difference when comparing the same crop rotation except for the maize-wheat rotation. Moreover, the same species and chemotype of Fusarium strains originated from different crops in various rotations, but there were no significant differences in pathogenicity in wheat and rice. These results contribute to the knowledge of the effect of crop rotation on Fusarium mycotoxins and Fusarium species affecting cereals in Sichuan Province, which may lead to improved strategies for control of Fusarium mycotoxins and fungal disease in China.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125502

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to systematically evaluate the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and pulmonary function through meta-analysis. Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, were systematically searched to obtain articles associated with MS and lung function published before December 31, 2021. According to the including and excluding criteria, certain studies were obtained and data were extracted. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate the quality of the studies. A pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated by means of random-effects meta-analysis. Different effect models were used according to the heterogeneity. Meta-regression and sensitivity analyses were performed to examine the possible sources of heterogeneity. The Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test were used to evaluate publication bias. Analyses were performed using Stata MP, version14.0 (StataCorp LP, College Station, TX, USA). Results: A total of 15 studies, involving 10,285 cases of MS and 25,416 cases of control, were included in this meta-analysis on the relationship between MS and forced vital capacity (FVC). The pooled SMD for FVC was -0.247 (95% CI = -0.327 to -0.2167, P < 0.001) using random effect model, indicating the decrease of FVC in the patients with MS. In the same studies, the pooled SMD for forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) was -0.205 (95% CI = -0.3278 to -0.133, P < 0.001), indicating the decrease of FEV1 also existed in the MS cases. A total of 13 studies, involving 8167 cases of MS and 19,788 cases of control, were included in this meta-analysis on the relationship between MS and FEV1/FVC. The pooled SMD for FEV1/FVC was 0.011 (95% CI = -0.072 to 0.093, P = 0.798) using random effect model, indicating that there was no significant difference between the patients with MS and the control. After introducing the diastolic blood pressure and glycemia into the regression model of the relationship between MS and FVC, the variance of the studies (tau2) decreased from 0.0190 to 0.006694 and 0.007205, which could explain 66.70% and 78.04% of the sources of heterogeneity, and the P values were 0.038 and 0.023. The results suggested that hypertension (diastolic pressure) and hyperglycemia were the factors linked to the heterogeneity among the included studies on both FVC and FEV1. The Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test both showed no evidence of publication bias. Conclusions: Our results show that FVC and FEV1 decrease in MS patients, while FEV1/FVC has no significant difference compared with the control group. It indicates that the patients with MS have restrictive ventilatory functional disturbance. Meta-regression analysis suggests that hypertension (diastolic pressure) and hyperglycemia are the factors linked to the heterogeneity among the included studies on both FVC and FEV1.

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