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1.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 142: 106931, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The associations between statins use and incidence or recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are controversial. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to reconcile the conflicting results. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library for studies published from database inception until May 31, 2021. Cohort studies and Randomized Controlled Trials that reported incidence or recurrence of VTE using statins compared with placebo or non-statins were included for meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 43 studies comprising over 8.6 million participants were included for analysis. The median follow-up duration was 38.1 months. Compared with no statins treatment, statins appeared to have a protective effect in primary prevention of VTE (RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.72-0.85), but significant heterogeneity was found among included studies (I2 = 81%). Statins was also associated with a 26% reduced risk of recurrent VTE (RR 0.74, 95% CI 0.70-0.78), even in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.65-0.92). In patients with a history of VTE, statins was associated with a reduced risk of bleeding and all cause mortality. The NNT of statins to prevent one case of VTE in the cancer population, and one case of recurrent VTE in patients with a history of VTE was 103.1 and 90.7 person-years respectively. CONCLUSION: In high-risk patients, statins treatment may reduce the incidence of VTE. Statins can also reduce the risk of recurrent VTE and all-cause mortality in patients with a history of VTE.

2.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749392

RESUMO

The development of cost-effective, high-performance and flexible electrocatalysts for hydrogen production is of scientific and technological importance. Catalysts with a core-shell structure for water dissociation have been extensively investigated. However, most of them are nanoparticles and thus their catalytic properties are inevitably limited by the use of binders in practice. Herein, this work reports a physical-metallurgy-based structural design strategy to develop a self-supported and unique nanoporous structure with core-shell-like ligaments, i.e., a Cu core surrounded by a NiO shell, formed on a metallic glass (MG) substrate. These newly developed noble metal-free catalysts exhibit outstanding HER performance; the overpotential reaches 67 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2, accompanied by a low Tafel slope of 40 mV dec-1 and good durability. More importantly, the current strategy could be readily applied to fabricate other nanoporous metals, which opens a new space for designing advanced catalysts as cost-effective electrode materials.

3.
Microb Pathog ; 161(Pt A): 105273, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740811

RESUMO

The Streptomyces virginiae strain W18 was screened from soil, which exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against fish pathogens. Safety assays showed that strain W18 had no toxicity to fish. Additionally, strain W18 promoted the growth performance of Carassius auratus after feeding in feed mixed with bacteria for one month. Moreover, the activities of AKP, ACP, and SOD in the serum of C. auratus were significantly increased, while the activity of LZM did not greatly change. To detect the expression levels of the genes related to immune factors in the livers, kidneys, and spleens of C. auratus, qRT-PCR was performed. The expression levels of KEAP1, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-ß, and C3 were upregulated in all three organs compared to the control, but LZM expression was downregulated in the kidney. The challenge experiment illustrated that the probability of infection with Aeromonas veronii was reduced by 60% and 40% when C. auratus was fed with two different doses of strain W18 in advance. The whole genome of strain W18 was sequenced, and the gene clusters of secondary metabolites in strain W18 were analyzed by AntiSMASH. The results showed that strain W18 contained a total of 26 gene clusters, and functional annotation analysis was conducted by using the non-coding databases COG and KEGG. All of the above results indicated that the use of strain W18 as a feed additive could enhance the resistance of C. auratus toward pathogenic bacteria and disease. In conclusion, an antagonistic strain (W18) against fish pathogenic bacteria was obtained in this study, which is of great significance for finding new treatment methods for bacterial diseases in the aquaculture industry.

4.
Plant Sci ; 313: 111087, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763872

RESUMO

Four members of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) are predicted in rice genome. Although the involvement of OsPLC1 and OsPLC4 in the responses of rice to salt and drought stresses has been documented, the role of OsPLC3 in which, yet, is elusive. Here, we report that OsPLC3 was ubiquitously expressed in various tissues during the development of rice. The expression of YFP-tagged OsPLC3 was observed at the plasma membrane (PM), cytoplasm and nucleus of rice protoplasts, onion epidermal cells and tobacco leaves. The catalytic activity of OsPLC3 was measured using the thin-layer chromatography (TLC) method. The inhibition of OsPLC3 expression was detected in the treatments of NaCl and mannitol. Overexpression (OE) of OsPLC3 produced plants showing more sensitive to osmotic stresses when they were compared to the wild-type (HJ) and osplc3 mutants, the phenomena such as decreased plant fresh weight and increased water loss rate (WLR) were observed. Under the treatment of NaCl or mannitol, expressions of a subset osmotic stress-related genes were altered, in both OE and osplc3 mutant lines. In addition, the expressions and the enzyme activities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers were significantly decreased in OE lines, leading to over-accumulation of ROS together with less osmotic adjustment substances including proline, soluble sugars and soluble proteins in OE plants which caused the growth inhibition. Thus, our results suggested that, via modulating ROS homeostasis, OsPLC3 is involved in responses to the osmotic stress in rice.

5.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768279

RESUMO

The simple one-step reaction of [60]fullerene with α-monosubstituted acetaldehydes and primary amines in the presence of Mn(OAc)3·2H2O under air conditions afforded a series of novel N-substituted fulleropyrrolines with trisubstituted CC bonds in moderate to good yields. The addition of Mn(OAc)3·2H2O played a crucial role in the successful synthesis of N-aryl fulleropyrrolines with trisubstituted CC bonds, which would be extremely difficult to prepare by known methods as a result of the decreased nucleophilicity of arylamines due to the p-π conjugation effect. Intriguingly, arylamines displayed abnormally higher reactivity as compared with non-arylamines in the current reaction system by the observation of obviously decreased equivalent of Mn(OAc)3·2H2O, higher product yields, and lower reaction temperature probably due to the radical reaction mechanism initiated by Mn(OAc)3·2H2O. On the basis of experimental observations, a plausible formation pathway for N-substituted fulleropyrrolines with trisubstituted CC bonds was proposed to elucidate the above-mentioned reaction process.

6.
Light Sci Appl ; 10(1): 209, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620837

RESUMO

The notion of topological phases extended to dynamical systems stimulates extensive studies, of which the characterization of nonequilibrium topological invariants is a central issue and usually necessitates the information of quantum dynamics in both the time and momentum dimensions. Here, we propose the topological holographic quench dynamics in synthetic dimension, and also show it provides a highly efficient scheme to characterize photonic topological phases. A pseudospin model is constructed with ring resonators in a synthetic lattice formed by frequencies of light, and the quench dynamics is induced by initializing a trivial state, which evolves under a topological Hamiltonian. Our key prediction is that the complete topological information of the Hamiltonian is encoded in quench dynamics solely in the time dimension, and is further mapped to lower-dimensional space, manifesting the holographic features of the dynamics. In particular, two fundamental time scales emerge in the dynamical evolution, with one mimicking the topological band on the momentum dimension and the other characterizing the residue time evolution of the state after the quench. For this, a universal duality between the quench dynamics and the equilibrium topological phase of the spin model is obtained in the time dimension by extracting information from the field evolution dynamics in modulated ring systems in simulations. This work also shows that the photonic synthetic frequency dimension provides an efficient and powerful way to explore the topological nonequilibrium dynamics.

7.
Front Nutr ; 8: 750355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692753

RESUMO

Our previous research showed that capsaicin exhibits hypoglycemic effects by activating the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel in diabetic rats. Interestingly, capsiate was also able to activate the TRPV1 channel, but with a non-significant hypoglycemic effect. This study aimed to investigate the effect of capsaicin on the glycometabolism of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats by blocking the TRPV1 channel. After a 4-week capsaicin treatment (6 mg/kg·bw), the serum insulin level of STZ-induced diabetic rats increased from 15.2 to 22.1 mIU/L, the content of hepatic glycogen and muscle glycogen increased by 81.2 and 20.2%, respectively, and the blood glucose level decreased significantly from 19.3 to 14.7 mmol/L. When the TRPV1 channel was blocked, capsaicin lost the above-mentioned effects, and the hypoglycemic effect was no longer significant. It was concluded that a combined up-regulation of both TRPV1 receptors and pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1) led to the hypoglycemic effect of capsaicin, which partially explains our previous observation: capsiate activating TRPV1 without showing a significant hypoglycemic effect was due to the lack of a significant up-regulation of PDX-1. Based on the experimental results, we speculated that two signaling pathways [TRPV1-(PDX1)-(GLUT2/GK) and TRPV1-(PDX-1)-(IRS1/2)] exist in the pancreas of STZ-induced diabetic rats.

8.
Food Sci Nutr ; 9(10): 5800-5808, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646547

RESUMO

In this study, konjac glucomannan, κ-carrageenan, and tannic acid were selected to study the effects of different combinations on the in vitro digestibility and physicochemical properties of wheat starch. Results showed that the addition of konjac glucomannan, κ-carrageenan, and tannic acid could decrease the digestion of starch and increase the content of resistant starch. Besides, the two polysaccharides weakened the extent of tannic acid on starch digestion. Moreover, although the two polysaccharides had different effects on the in vitro digestion of starch, they had no significant increase in the content of resistant starch. DSC and XRD results demonstrated that the polysaccharides and tannic acid showed synergistic effects on the rebuilding of starch microstructure. FTIR results further manifested that κ-carrageenan and konjac glucomannan could significantly increase the strength of hydrogen bonds in starch. At the same time, the addition of tannic acid would weaken the molecular interaction between polysaccharides and starch. SEM and CLSM results showed that tannic acid added to the polysaccharide-starch mixture not only interacted with starch but also influenced the structure of polysaccharide gel.

9.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(11): 3219-3226, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with multiple metabolic diseases are at high risk for the occurrence and death of COVID-19. Little is known about patients with underweight and metabolically healthy obesity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of BMI and COVID-19 mortality in hospitalized patients, and also explore the association in different metabolically healthy (MHS) and unhealthy status (MUS). METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort study based on 3019 inpatients from Wuhan was conducted. Included patients were classified into four groups according the BMI level (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity), and patients with at least one of the metabolic abnormalities (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia) was defined as MUS. Multiple Cox model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR). Compared to patients with normal weight, the HRs of overweight and obesity for COVID-19 mortality were 1.91 (95%CI:1.02-3.58) and 2.54 (95%CI:1.22-5.25) respectively in total patients, and 2.58 (95%CI:1.16-5.75) and 3.89 (95%CI:1.62-9.32) respectively in the elderly. The HR of underweight for COVID-19 mortality was 4.58 (95%CI:1.56-13.48) in the elderly. For different metabolic statuses, both underweight, overweight and obesity had obviously negative association with COVID-19 mortality in total and elderly patients with MUS. However, no significance was found in non-elderly and patients with MHS. CONCLUSION: Not only overweight or obesity, but also underweight can be associated with COVID-9 mortality, especially in the elderly and in patients with MUS. More large-scale studies are needed for patients with underweight and metabolically healthy overweight or obesity.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , COVID-19/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Environ Int ; 158: 106917, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624589

RESUMO

Estimating ground-level ozone concentrations is crucial to study the adverse health effects of ozone exposure and better understand the impacts of ground-level ozone on biodiversity and vegetation. However, few studies have attempted to use satellite retrieved ozone as an indicator given their low sensitivity in the boundary layer. Using the Troposphere Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI)'s total ozone column together with the ozone profile information retrieved by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), as TROPOMI ozone profile product has not been released, we developed a machine learning model to estimate daily maximum 8-hour average ground-level ozone concentration at 10 km spatial resolution in California. In addition to satellite parameters, we included meteorological fields from the High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) system at 3 km resolution and land-use information as predictors. Our model achieved an overall 10-fold cross-validation (CV) R2 of 0.84 with root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.0059 ppm, indicating a good agreement between model predictions and observations. Model predictions showed that the suburb of Los Angeles Metropolitan area had the highest ozone levels, while the Bay Area and the Pacific coast had the lowest. High ozone levels are also seen in Southern California and along the east side of the Central Valley. TROPOMI data improved the estimate of extreme values when compared to a similar model without it. Our study demonstrates the feasibility and value of using TROPOMI data in the spatiotemporal characterization of ground-level ozone concentration.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112096, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563951

RESUMO

Nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (NAP1L1) is significantly involved in the development of various cancers. However, its role in the molecular mechanism of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains undetermined. In this study, we detected the upregulated expression of NAP1L1 mRNA and protein levels by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis in NPC cell lines. Results of the immunohistochemistry analysis of NPC tissue biopsies showed that upregulated NAP1L1 protein expression promoted NPC progression and negatively correlated with poor prognosis in NPC patients. Suppression of NAP1L1 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) or small hairpin RNA (shRNA) methods significantly decreased cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. Mechanism analysis revealed that the regulation of cell growth was enriched by Gene Set Enrichment Analysis based on RNA sequencing data. Cell cycle-induced genes CCND1 and E2F1 were downregulated in NAP1L1 knockdown NPC cells. Reduced NAP1L1 suppressed the recruitment of hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) and decreased its expression. Knockdown of HDGF reduced the expression of c-JUN, a key oncogenic transcription factor that can induce the expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1), reducing cell cycle progression and suppressing cell growth in NPC. Transfecting HDGF or c-JUN could reverse the growth-suppressive effects in NAP1L1-downregulated NPC cells. The data obtained in this study suggest that NAP1L1 acts as a potential oncogene by activating HDGF/c-JUN/CCND1 signaling in NPC.

12.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 76, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465742

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection causes a broad clinical spectrum of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The development of COVID-19 may be the result of a complex interaction between the microbial, environmental, and host genetic components. To reveal genetic determinants of susceptibility to COVID-19 severity in the Chinese population, we performed a genome-wide association study on 885 severe or critical COVID-19 patients (cases) and 546 mild or moderate patients (controls) from two hospitals, Huoshenshan and Union hospitals at Wuhan city in China. We identified two loci on chromosome 11q23.3 and 11q14.2, which are significantly associated with the COVID-19 severity in the meta-analyses of the two cohorts (index rs1712779: odds ratio [OR] = 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38-0.63 for T allele; P = 1.38 × 10-8; and index rs10831496: OR = 1.66; 95% CI, 1.38-1.98 for A allele; P = 4.04 × 10-8, respectively). The results for rs1712779 were validated in other two small COVID-19 cohorts in the Asian populations (P = 0.029 and 0.031, respectively). Furthermore, we identified significant eQTL associations for REXO2, C11orf71, NNMT, and CADM1 at 11q23.3, and CTSC at 11q14.2, respectively. In conclusion, our findings highlight two loci at 11q23.3 and 11q14.2 conferring susceptibility to the severity of COVID-19, which might provide novel insights into the pathogenesis and clinical treatment of this disease.

13.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347340

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused high number of infections and deaths of healthcare workers globally. Distribution and possible transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 in hospital environment should be clarified. We herein collected 431 environmental (391 surface and 40 air) samples in the intensive care unit (ICU) and general wards (GWs) of three hospitals in Wuhan, China from February 21 to March 4, 2020, and detected SARS-CoV-2 RNA by real-time quantitative PCR. The viral positive rate in the contaminated areas was 17.8% (28/157), whereas there was no virus detected in the clean areas. Higher positive rate (22/59, 37.3%) was found in ICU than that in GWs (3/63, 4.8%). The surfaces of computer keyboards and mouse in the ICU were the most contaminated (8/10, 80.0%), followed by the ground (6/9, 66.7%) and outer glove (2/5, 40.0%). From 17 air samples in the contaminated areas, only one sample collected at a distance of around 30 cm from the patient was positive. Enhanced surface disinfection and hand hygiene effectively decontaminated the virus from the environment. This finding might help understand the transmission route and contamination risk of SARS-CoV-2 and evaluate the effectiveness of infection prevention and control measures in healthcare facilities.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 189: 91-99, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418418

RESUMO

Highland barley grains were roller-milled to produce five different fractions (B-1, B-2, B-3, B-4, and B-5). The distribution and physicochemical properties of ß-glucans from five roller-milled fractions were investigated. The B-4 fraction contained the highest concentration of ß-glucan (4.40%), and the outermost bran (B-1) had the lowest ß-glucan content (1.01%). Besides, ß-glucans from inner core B-5 (BG-5) had higher Mw (6.482 × 105 g/mol), whereas ß-glucans from outer bran B-1 (BG-1) showed lower Mw (5.859 × 104 g/mol) than those from other fractions. Accordingly, the viscosity of BG-5 was highest (0.038-0.365 Pa·s), and the water solubility index of BG-1 was highest (50.43-90.71%). BG-5 showed stronger foam stability and emulsifying properties but weaker foaming capability, while BG-1 exhibited stronger foaming capability. The foaming capability and emulsifying properties of ß-glucan samples were better under the neutral condition (pH = 7). The foam capabilities of all ß-glucan samples displayed higher values at 65 °C, and emulsifying properties exhibited higher values at 45 °C. This study is expected to promote the application of highland barley ß-glucans in food industry.

15.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 397-401, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374260

RESUMO

Objective: To study the protective effects and mechanisms of total saponins of Codonopsis (TSC) on ulcerative colitis in rats. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, model group, salazosulfadiazine (SASP) positive control group (0.3 g/kg), TSC high- and low-dose experimental groups(1.2, 0.4 g/kg). UC rat model was established by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ ethanol enema. After administration for 21 days, the rats' symptoms and signs, disease activity index (DAI), colonic mucosal injury index (CMDI) and colonic tissue morphology were observed. The contents of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) in colon tissues were determined. Protein expression of nuclear nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) in colon tissues was detected. Finally, the effect of TCS therapy was evaluated. Results: Compared with the control group, the DAI and CMDI scores of the rats in the model group were increased significantly, meanwhile the colonic mucosa was seriously damaged, indicating that the model was successful. Compared with the model group, the TSC high and low dose groups could significantly reduce the DAI and CMDI score (P<0.05) and improve the colonic mucosa form. TSC also could increase the SOD activity and decrease MDA content in colon tissues(P<0.05), while inhibit the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA in the colon tissues and promote the expression of IL-10 mRNA (P<0.01). At the same time, TSC reduced the expressions of NF-κB protein in the colon (P<0.01). The TSC high-dose group was superior to the low-dose group (P<0.05). Conclusion: TSC has significant protective effects on ulcerative colonic mucosal damage in UC rats, and there is a dose-dependent relationship; its mechanism may be related to anti-lipid peroxidation and inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway to regulate the release of inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Codonopsis , Colite Ulcerativa , Saponinas , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colo , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Saponinas/farmacologia , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico
16.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 990, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413465

RESUMO

TRPV6, a Ca-selective channel, is abundantly expressed in the placenta, intestine, kidney and bone marrow. TRPV6 is vital to Ca homeostasis and its defective expression or function is linked to transient neonatal hyperparathyroidism, Lowe syndrome/Dent disease, renal stone, osteoporosis and cancers. The fact that the molecular mechanism underlying the function and regulation of TRPV6 is still not well understood hampers, in particular, the understanding of how TRPV6 contributes to breast cancer development. By electrophysiology and Ca imaging in Xenopus oocytes and cancer cells, molecular biology and numerical simulation, here we reveal an intramolecular S5/S6 helix interaction in TRPV6 that is functionally autoinhibitory and is mediated by the R532:D620 bonding. Predicted pathogenic mutation R532Q within S5 disrupts the S5/S6 interaction leading to gain-of-function of the channel, which promotes breast cancer cell progression through strengthening of the TRPV6/PI3K interaction, activation of a PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß cascade, and up-regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and anti-apoptosis.

17.
Theranostics ; 11(17): 8218-8233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373738

RESUMO

Purpose: Functional loss of BRCA1 is associated with poorly differentiated and metastatic breast cancers that are enriched with cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs can be generated from carcinoma cells through an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. We and others have previously demonstrated that BRCA1 suppresses EMT and regulates the expression of multiple EMT-related transcription factors. However, the downstream mediators of BRCA1 function in EMT suppression remain elusive. Methods: Depletion of BRCA1 or GATA3 activates p18INK4C , a cell cycle inhibitor which inhibits mammary epithelial cell proliferation. We have therefore created genetically engineered mice with Brca1 or Gata3 loss in addition to deletion of p18INK4C , to rescue proliferative defects caused by deficiency of Brca1 or Gata3. By using these mutant mice along with human BRCA1 deficient as well as proficient breast cancer tissues and cells, we investigated and compared the role of Brca1 and Gata3 loss in the activation of EMT in breast cancers. Results: We discovered that BRCA1 and GATA3 expressions were positively correlated in human breast cancer. Depletion of BRCA1 stimulated methylation of GATA3 promoter thereby repressing GATA3 transcription. We developed Brca1 and Gata3 deficient mouse system. We found that Gata3 deficiency in mice induced poorly-differentiated mammary tumors with the activation of EMT and promoted tumor initiating and metastatic potential. Gata3 deficient mammary tumors phenocopied Brca1 deficient tumors in the induction of EMT under the same genetic background. Reconstitution of Gata3 in Brca1-deficient tumor cells activated mesenchymal-epithelial transition, suppressing tumor initiation and metastasis. Conclusions: Our finding, for the first time, demonstrates that GATA3 functions downstream of BRCA1 to suppress EMT in controlling mammary tumorigenesis and metastasis.

18.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23(11): 2476-2483, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227220

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with heart failure (HF) and with diabetes experienced significantly worse outcomes than those without diabetes. However, data on the prognostic impact of prediabetes in HF are inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the association between prediabetes and the risk of all-cause mortality and adverse cardiac outcomes in patients with HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched multiple electronic databases (PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar) for relevant studies up to 31 March 2021. Studies were included for analysis if multivariable adjusted relative risks of adverse outcomes were reported in patients with prediabetes and with HF compared with those with normoglycaemia. Random-effects models were used to calculate the pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Twelve studies comprising 28 643 patients with HF reported the risk of all-cause mortality and cardiac outcomes associated with prediabetes. The prevalence of prediabetes ranged from 9.6% to 37.2%. After a median follow-up duration of 2.3 years, patients with HF and with prediabetes were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.06-1.58), cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.09-2.32), HF hospitalization (HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.09-1.61), all-cause mortality and/or HF hospitalization (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.01-1.47), as well as cardiovascular mortality and/or HF hospitalization (HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.07-1.37). CONCLUSIONS: Prediabetes is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with HF. Further risk stratification and effective treatment strategies are needed in patients with prediabetes and with HF to improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estado Pré-Diabético , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 604: 281-291, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271489

RESUMO

Due to the good electrical, optical, magnetic, catalytic properties, transition metal nanoparticles (TMNPs) have been becoming more and more interesting in the fileds of environment, material, biomedicine, catalysis, and so on. Here, tannic acid (TA) is used as a green and efficient stabilizer to fabricate all kinds of TMNPs including AuNPs, AgNPs, CuNPs and PdNPs. These TMNPs possess small sizes ranging from 1 nm to 6 nm, which is conducive to several catalytic reactions in aqueous solution, such as 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) reduction, CuAAC reactions and Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions. AuNPs and PdNPs are found to have distinctly higher catalytic activities than AgNPs and CuNPs in the 4-NP reduction process. Especially, PdNPs show the highest catalytic activities with TOF up to 7200 h-1 in the 4-NP reduction. Furthermore, PdNPs also exhibit satisfying catalytic performance in the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling process, and CuNPs are catalytically active in the copper-catalyzed azide alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reactions. The applicability and generality of PdNPs and CuNPs are respectively confirmed via the reaction between different substrates in the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions and the CuAAC reactions. This work present a simple, fast, green and efficient strategy to synthesize TMNPs for multiple catalysis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Catálise , Ouro , Nitrofenóis , Paládio , Taninos
20.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 12: 20406223211024361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249302

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) independent of established cardio-renal risk factors remains controversial. We aimed to provide a quantitative estimate of the association and strength between NAFLD and risk of CKD after adjustment for multiple cardio-renal risk factors. Methods: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar) for studies published from database inception until 30 November 2020. Analysis included cohort studies that reported multivariable-adjusted risk ratios [including odds ratios, relative risks (RRs), or hazard ratios] and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CKD of NAFLD compared with individuals without NAFLD. Results: A total of 11 cohort studies were included comprising 1,198,242 participants (46.3% women) for analysis. The median follow-up duration was 3.7 years, with 31,922 cases of incident CKD. Compared with individuals without NAFLD, unadjusted models showed that NAFLD was associated with a higher risk of CKD (RR 1.54, 95% CI 1.38-1.71). After adjusting for multiple cardio-renal risk factors, the CKD risk was still significantly increased in patients with NAFLD (RR 1.39, 95% CI 1.27-1.52). Compared with individuals without NAFLD, the adjusted absolute risk increase in NAFLD for CKD was 5.1 (95% CI 3.5-6.8) per 1000 person-years. Conclusion: NAFLD is associated with an increased risk of incident CKD independent of established cardio-renal risk factors.

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