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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 192-202, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500418

RESUMO

Strong absorption and large bandwidth are two contributors to materials' absorbing performance. In this work, a series of multi-element core-shell magnetic nano-particle composite layered graphene absorbing materials CoFe2O4@C/rGO (CCr) were prepared by adjusting carbon shell thickness. The CCr at a low thickness achieved strong microwave absorption and a wide effective absorption bandwidth. Not only the core-shell structure of the magnetic nanoparticle CoFe2O4@C (CFO@C) increases the interface loss, but both the coating carbon shell and the core CoFe2O4 (CFO) are beneficial to improve impedance matching. Due to the synergistic effect of the dielectric and magnetic properties of graphene and ferrite, CCr possessed high absorption performance, and its minimum reflection loss reached (RLmin) -52.5 dB when the thickness was only 2 mm. At the same time, the effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) was 5.68 GHz when the thickness was only 1.7 mm. The chemically stable core-shell dielectric nanocomposite provided a new solution for preparing materials with excellent chemical structure and high absorbing properties.

2.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salinity is an essential abiotic stress in plants. Dunaliella is a genus of high-salt-tolerant microalgae. The present study aimed to compare the characterizations of D. bioculata and D. quartolecta at different levels and investigate novel genes response to salt stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: High chlorophyll contents were detected in D. bioculata on the 35th d of salt stress, while high lipid and carotenoid contents were detected in D. quartolecta via morphological and biochemical analyses. Physiological analysis showed that D. quartolecta cells had a smaller increase in osmotic potential, a smaller decrease in the Na+/K+ ratio and photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), and a lower relative conductivity than D. bioculata cells. The genomic lengths of D. quartolecta and D. bioculata were 396,013,629 bp (scaffold N50 = 1954 bp) and 427,667,563 bp (scaffold N50 = 3093 bp) via high-throughput sequencing and de novo assembly, respectively. Altogether, 25,751 and 26,620 genes were predicted in their genomes by annotation analysis with various biodatabases. The D. bioculata genome showed more segmental duplication events via collinearity analysis. More single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertion-deletion variants were detected in the D. bioculata genome. Both algae, which showed a close phylogenetic relationship, may undergo positive selection via bioinformatics analysis. A total of 382 and 85 novel genes were screened in D. bioculata and D. quartolecta, with 138 and 51 enriched KEGG pathways, respectively. Unlike the novel genes adh1, hprA and serA, the relative expression of livF and phbB in D. bioculata was markedly downregulated as salinity increased, as determined by qPCR analysis. The relative expression of leuB, asd, pstC and proA in D. quartolecta was markedly upregulated with the same salinity increase. CONCLUSION: Dunaliella quartolecta is more halophilic than D. bioculata, with more effective responses to high salt stress based on the multiphase comparative data.

3.
Biochem Biophys Rep ; 28: 101157, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754951

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the adult liver and morbidity are increasing in recent years, however, there is still no effective strategy to prevent and diagnose HCC. Therefore, it is urgent to research the effective biomarker to predict clinical outcomes of HCC tumorigenesis. In the current study, differentially expressed genes in HCC and normal tissues were investigated using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset GSE144269 and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Gene differential expression analysis and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) methods were used to identify nine and 16 key gene modules from the GEO dataset and TCGA dataset, respectively, in which the green module in the GEO dataset and magenta module in TCGA were significantly correlated with HCC occurrence. Third, the enrichment score of gene function annotation results showed that these two key modules focus on the positive regulation of inflammatory response and cell differentiation, etc. Besides, PPI network analysis, mutation analysis, and survival analysis found that SLITRK6 had high connectivity, and its mutation significantly impacted overall survival. In addition, SLITRK6 was found to be low expressed in tumor cells. To summarize, SLITRK6 mutation was found to significantly affect the occurrence and prognosis of HCC. SLITRK6 was confirmed as a new potential gene target for HCC, which may provide a new theoretical basis for personalized diagnosis and chemotherapy of HCC in the future.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(39): 22241-22245, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610061

RESUMO

In this report, the strong-dependence of low-frequency (terahertz) vibrational dynamics on weak and long-range forces in crystals is leveraged to determine the bulk magnetic configuration of iron phosphate - a promising material for cathodes in lithium ion batteries. We demonstrate that terahertz time-domain spectroscopy - coupled with quantum mechanical simulations - can discern between various spin configurations in FePO4. Furthermore, the results of this work unambiguously show that the well-accepted space group symmetry for FePO4 is incorrect, and the low-frequency spectroscopic measurements provide a clearer picture of the correct structure over the gold-standard of X-ray diffraction. This work opens the door for characterizing, predicting, and interpreting crystalline magnetic ordering using low-frequency vibrational spectroscopy.

5.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 13: 1783-1795, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675726

RESUMO

Objective: The effect of dietary factors on OSA remains unclear. This study was to investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with individual and overall effects of eating habits among adult Chinese. Methods: A total of 9733 participants were selected from the baseline survey of the Guangzhou Heart Study. OSA was ascertained by Berlin Questionnaire. Food consumption was collected using a food frequency questionnaire, and eating patterns were extracted by principal component analysis. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated by the logistic regression model. Results: After adjustment for confounders, fried food intake with ≥1/week was associated with an increased risk of OSA (OR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.37-2.27), while fruit consumption of ≥1/day was associated with a 26% reduced risk of OSA (OR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.62-0.88). Three eating patterns were defined and labeled as pattern I, II, and III. Eating pattern III which had higher factor loadings of animal innards, fried food, salted food, carbonate, and non-carbonated beverages was associated with an increased risk of OSA (OR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.09-1.55) when comparing the highest with the lowest tertile of pattern score, after adjusting for confounders; every 1-unit increment of pattern III score was associated with an increased risk of OSA (OR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.04-1.14). Neither pattern I nor pattern II was observed to be associated with OSA risk. Conclusion: A higher frequency intake of fruits was associated with a reduced OSA risk and a diet with higher levels of consumption of animal innards, fried food, salted food, carbonated beverages, and non-carbonated beverages may increase the risk of OSA.

6.
Mol Autism ; 12(1): 67, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atypical reactions to the sensory environment are often reported in autistic individuals, with a high degree of variability across the sensory modalities. These sensory differences have been shown to promote challenging behaviours and distress in autistic individuals and are predictive of other functions including motor, social, and cognitive abilities. Preliminary research suggests that specific sensory differences may cluster together within individuals creating discrete sensory phenotypes. However, the manner in which these sensory differences cluster, and whether the resulting phenotypes are associated with specific cognitive and social challenges is unclear. METHODS: Short sensory profile data from 599 autistic children and adults between the ages of 1 and 21 years were subjected to a K-means cluster analysis. Analysis of variances compared age, adaptive behaviour, and traits associated with autism, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive and compulsive disorder across the resultant clusters. RESULTS: A five-cluster model was found to minimize error variance and produce five sensory phenotypes: (1) sensory adaptive, (2) generalized sensory differences, (3) taste and smell sensitivity, (4) under-responsive and sensation seeking, and (5) movement difficulties with low energy. Age, adaptive behaviour, and traits associated with autism, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive and compulsive disorder were found to differ significantly across the five phenotypes. LIMITATIONS: The results were based on parent-report measures of sensory processing, adaptive behaviour, traits associated with autism, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive and compulsive disorder, which may limit the generalizability of the findings. Further, not all measures are standardized, or psychometrically validated with an autism population. Autistic individuals with an intellectual disability were underrepresented in this sample. Further, as these data were obtained from established records from a large provincial database, not all measures were completed for all individuals. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that sensory difficulties in autistic individuals can be clustered into sensory phenotypes, and that these phenotypes are associated with behavioural differences. Given the large degree of heterogeneity in sensory difficulties seen in the autistic population, these sensory phenotypes represent an effective way to parse that heterogeneity and create phenotypes that may aid in the development of effective treatments and interventions for sensory difficulties.

7.
RNA Biol ; : 1-9, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663179

RESUMO

The three-dimensional (3D) structure of RNA usually plays an important role in the recognition with RNA-binding protein. Along with the discovering of RNAs, several RNA databases are developed to study the functions of RNA based on sequence, secondary structure, local 3D structural motif and global structure. Based on RNA function and structure, different RNAs are classified and stored in SCOR and DARTS, respectively. The classification of RNA structures is useful in RNA structure prediction and function annotation. However, the SCOR and DARTS are not updated any more. In this study, we present an RNA classification database RR3DD based on RNA fold with the global 3D structural similarity. The RR3DD includes 13,601 RNA chains from PDB and mmCIF format structures which are classified into 780 RNA folds. The RNA chains from PDB and mmCIF format structures are aligned and clustered into 675 and 220 RNA folds, respectively. By analysing the RNA structure in RR3DD, we find that there are 11 clusters with more than 50 members. These clusters include rRNAs, riboswitches, tRNAs and so on. By mapping RR3DD into Rfam, we found that some RNAs without annotation by Rfam can be annotated through structural alignment. For example, we analysed tRNAs and found that tRNA were successfully grouped in RR3DD for which Rfam did not classify them into one family. Finally, we provide a web interface of RR3DD offering functions of browsing RR3DD, annotating RNA 3D structure and finding templates for RNA homology modelling.

8.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; : e12872, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618995

RESUMO

Members of coccoid green algae have been documented in various extreme environments. In this article, a unicellular green alga was found to slowly grow in high concentration (3.6 g/L) and pure calcium chloride solution in the laboratory. It was successfully cultured and a taxonomic study combined approaches of morphological and molecular methods was conducted to determine its classification attribution, which was followed by a preliminary physiology research to explore its unique tolerance characteristics against calcium chloride stress. The strain was identified as Parachlorella kessleri by very similar morphology and the same phylogenetic position. The morphological differences among the three species in genus Parachlorella were then discussed and the characteristic traits of absent or thin mucilaginous envelop and mantel-shaped chloroplast for P. kessleri were supported. In addition, the almost strictly spherical shape of adult cells could further distinguish the P. kessleri from the other two species. The tolerant characteristics to CaCl2  stress for this strain were confirmed and the limit concentration was revealed as between 2000 and 4000 times than the standard BG11 culture concentration. Therefore, this P. kessleri strain is expected to be a good material to explore the mechanism of resistance to calcium ions stress for eukaryotic microbiology.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576299

RESUMO

γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid involved in various physiological processes; it aids in the protection of plants against abiotic stresses, such as drought, heavy metals, and salinity. GABA tends to have a protective effect against drought stress in plants by increasing osmolytes and leaf turgor and reducing oxidative damage via antioxidant regulation. Guard cell GABA production is essential, as it may provide the benefits of reducing stomatal opening and transpiration and controlling the release of tonoplast-localized anion transporter, thus resulting in increased water-use efficiency and drought tolerance. We summarized a number of scientific reports on the role and mechanism of GABA-induced drought tolerance in plants. We also discussed existing insights regarding GABA's metabolic and signaling functions used to increase plant tolerance to drought stress.


Assuntos
Secas , Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo , Transpiração Vegetal , Transdução de Sinais
10.
ACS Omega ; 6(34): 22383-22394, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497927

RESUMO

CO2 reforming of methane was studied at medium temperature (700 °C) using a GSHV of 48,000 h-1 over nickel catalysts supported on ZrO2 promoted by alumina. The catalysts were prepared by a one-step synthesis method and characterized by BET, H2-TPR, XRD, XPS, TEM, Raman spectroscopy, and TGA. The NiO-10Al2O3-ZrO2 catalyst exhibited higher catalytic performance in comparison with the NiO-ZrO2 catalyst. The enhancement of catalytic activity in dry reforming could be associated with the alterations in surface properties due to Al promotion. First, the Al promoter could modify the structure of ZrO2, leading to an increase of its pore volume and pore diameter. Second, the NiO-10Al2O3-ZrO2 catalyst exhibited high resistance to sintering. Third, the NiO-10Al2O3-ZrO2 catalyst showed high suppression to the loss of nickel during a long-term catalytic test. Finally, the addition of Al could inhibit the reduction of ZrO2 during the reduction and reaction, endowing further the stability.

11.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(17)2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501149

RESUMO

Plane strain compression tests were used to study the deformation behavior of an Inconel 625 alloy sheet at various temperatures and strain rates. The peak stress was selected to establish the constitutive equation, and the processing maps under different strains were drawn. The results show that the effective stress-strain curve of Inconel 625 has typical dynamic recrystallization (DRX) characteristics. With the increasing deformation temperature and the decreasing strain rate, the softening effect is significantly enhanced. The parameters of the constitutive equation are calculated, and the average error of the constitutive equation is 5.68%. Through the analysis of the processing map, a deformation temperature of 950-960 °C with a strain rate of 0.007-0.05 s-1 were determined as the unstable region, and obvious local plastic-rheological zones were found in the unstable region. The optimum deformation condition was found to be 1020-1060 °C/0.005-0.03 s-1. Through electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) characterization, it was found that both the increase of temperature and the decrease of strain rate significantly promote the recrystallization process. At a low strain rate, the main recrystallization mechanism is discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (DDRX). It is expected that the above results can provide references for the optimization of the rolling process and microstructure control of an Inconel 625 alloy sheet.

12.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1557, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscular invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is a common malignant tumor in the world. Because of their heterogeneity in prognosis and response to treatment, biomarkers that can predict survival or help make treatment decisions in patients with MIBC are essential for individualized treatment. AIM: We aimed to integrate bioinformatics research methods to identify a set of effective biomarkers capable of predicting, diagnosing, and treating MIBC. To provide a new theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Gene expression profiles and clinical data of MIBC were obtained by downloading from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. A dataset of 129 MIBC cases and controls was included. 2084 up-regulated genes and 2961 down-regulated genes were identified by differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis. Then, gene ontology analysis was performed to explore the biological functions of DEGs, respectively. The up-regulated DEGs are mainly enriched in epidermal cell differentiation, mitotic nuclear division, and so forth. They are also involved in the cell cycle, p53 signaling pathway, PPAR signaling pathway, and so forth. The weighted gene co-expression network analysis yielded five modules related to pathological stages and grading, of which blue and turquoise were the most relevant modules for MIBC. Next, Using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to identify further hub genes, the screening criteria at p ≤ .05, we found CNKSR1, HIP1R, CFL2, TPM1, CSRP1, SYNM, POPDC2, PJA2, and RBBP8NL genes associated with the progression and prognosis of MIBC patients. Finally, immunohistochemistry experiments further confirmed that CNKSR1 plays a vital role in the tumorigenic context of MIBC. CONCLUSION: The research suggests that CNKSR1, POPDC2, and PJA2 may be novel biomarkers as therapeutic targets for MIBC, especially we used immunohistochemical further to validate CNKSR1 as a therapeutic target for MIBC which may help to improve the prognosis for MIBC.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(36): 20524-20532, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505591

RESUMO

Mixed quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics Monte Carlo (QM/MM/MC) simulations combined with the free energy perturbation (FEP) theory have been performed to investigate the mechanism and solvent effect of the [2σ+2σ+2π] cycloaddition reaction between dimethyl azodicarboxylate and quadricyclanes in the binary mixture solvents of methanol and water by varying the water content from 0 to 100 vol%. The two-dimensional potentials of mean force (2D PMF) calculations demonstrated that the mechanism of the reaction is a collaborative asynchronous procedure. The transition structures do not show large variation among different solvents. The calculated free energies of activation indicated that the QM/MM/MC method reproduced well the tendency of rate enhancement from pure methanol to methanol-water mixtures to "on water" with the water content increasing obtained in the experimental observation. The analyses of the energy pair distribution and radial distribution functions illustrated that hydrogen bonding plays an indispensable role in the stabilization of the transition structures. According to the results in methanol-water mixtures at different volume ratios, it is clear that the site-specific hydrogen bond effects are the central reason which leads to fast rate increases in progressing from a methanol-water volume ratio of 3 : 1 to 1 : 1. This work provides a new insight into the solvent effect for the [2σ+2σ+2π] cycloaddition reaction.

14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 577: 152-157, 2021 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517213

RESUMO

DNA-binding is an important feature of proteins, and protein-DNA interaction involves in many life processes. Various computational methods have been developed to predict protein-DNA complex structures due to the difficulty of experimentally obtaining protein-DNA complex structures. However, prediction of protein-DNA complex is still a challenging problem compared with prediction of protein-RNA complex, this may be due to the large conformational changes between bound and unbound structure in both protein and DNA. We extend PRIME 2.0 to PRIME 2.0.1 to model protein-DNA complex structures. By comparing sequence and structure alignment methods, we found that structure-based methods can find more templates than sequence-based methods. The results of all-to-all structure alignments showed that DNA structure plays an important role in prediction of protein-DNA complex structure. By exploring the relationship of sequence and structure, we found that in protein-DNA interaction, numerous structures with dissimilar sequences have similar 3D structures and perform the similar function.

15.
Biosci Rep ; 41(9)2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522948

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The pathological process of atopic dermatitis (AD) progressing into other types of allergic diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis during the first several years of life is often referred to as the atopic march. Although the phenomenon of atopic march has been recognized for decades, how asthma stems from AD is still not fully understood, confounding a universal strategy to effectively protect people from the atopic march. METHODS: We established experimental atopic march mice by first inducing allergic dermatitis with 0.5% fluorescein isothiocyante (FITC) applied to the skin, followed by an ovalbumin (OVA) airway challenge. In addition, by examining serum immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations, airway cytokines, the levels of oxidative stress markers, histopathological changes in lung tissue and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), we were able to validate the successful establishment of the model. Furthermore, by detecting the attenuating effects of melatonin (MT) and the levels of oxidative stress in the atopic march mice, we explored the potential molecular mechanisms involved in the development of atopic march. RESULTS: By successfully establishing an experimental atopic march mouse model, we were able to demonstrate that overproduction of oxidative stress in the lung significantly up-regulated the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways causing thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) release, which further promotes the development of atopic march. CONCLUSIONS: To mitigate the development of the atopic march, antioxidants such as MT may be imperative to inhibit NF-κB activation in the lung, especially after the onset of AD.

16.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(4): 1052, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34434266

RESUMO

Osteoimmunology is a field that focuses on the interactions between the skeletal and immune systems, and has become a focus of research over the years. The role of interleukin (IL)-17F, a proinflammatory cytokine, in bone regeneration and its signal transduction are not completely understood. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the function of IL-17F and the possible mechanisms underlying IL-17F in osteoblasts in vitro. Osteoblasts derived from newborn rats were treated with various concentrations of IL-17F. The pro-osteogenic effects of IL-17F were assessed at the cellular and molecular level. The results demonstrated that IL-17F promoted osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and mineralization. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting indicated that IL-17F treatment upregulated osteogenesis-related factors, including bone morphogenetic protein-2, Runt-related transcription factor-2 (Runx2) and Osterix, and downregulated Noggin compared with the control group. Subsequently, whether the IL-17F receptors, IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) A and IL-17RC, served a role in the effects of IL-17F on osteoblasts was investigated. The mRNA expression levels of IL-17RA and IL-17RC were upregulated in IL-17F-treated osteoblasts compared with control osteoblasts. Furthermore, U0126, a MAPK/ERK1/2 inhibitor, was utilized to investigate the mechanisms underlying IL-17F. The results indicated that compared with the control group, IL-17F increased the protein expression of phosphorylated-ERK1/2, Runx2 and Osterix, whereas U0126 reversed IL-17F-mediated effects. Collectively, the results of the present study suggested that IL-17F promoted osteoblastic osteogenesis via the MAPK/ERK1/2-mediated signaling pathway. IL-17F promoted osteogenesis, including proliferation, differentiation and mineralization activity, indicating that IL-17F may serve as a potential therapeutic target for osteoblast-mediated bone loss disease.

17.
Biosci Rep ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259324

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide and is associated with high mortality. Here we performed bioinformatics analysis, which we validated using immunohistochemistry in order to search for hub genes that might serve as biomarkers or therapeutic targets in CRC. Based on data from the Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified 4,832 genes differentially expressed between CRC and normal samples (1,562 up-regulated and 3,270 down-regulated in CRC). Gene ontology analysis showed that up-regulated genes were enriched mainly in organelle fission, cell cycle regulation, and DNA replication; down-regulated genes were enriched primarily in the regulation of ion transmembrane transport and ion homeostasis. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis identified eight gene modules that were associated with clinical characteristics of CRC patients, including brown and blue modules that were associated with cancer onset. Analysis of the latter two hub modules revealed the following six hub genes: adhesion G protein-coupled receptor B3 (BAI3, also known as ADGRB3), cyclin F (CCNF), cytoskeleton-associated protein 2 like (CKAP2L), diaphanous related formin 3 (DIAPH3), oxysterol binding protein-like 3 (OSBPL3), and RERG-like protein (RERGL). Expression levels of these hub genes were associated with prognosis, based on Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of data from the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database. Immunohistochemistry of CRC tumor tissues confirmed that OSBPL3 is up-regulated in CRC. Our findings suggest that CCNF, DIAPH3, OSBPL3, and RERGL may be useful as therapeutic targets against CRC. BAI3 and CKAP2L may be novel biomarkers of the disease.

18.
Shock ; 56(5): 773-781, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238903

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The incidence and mortality of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are high, but the relevant mechanism for this disorder remains unclear. Autophagy plays an important role in the development of ARDS. The mitochondrial outer membrane protein FUNDC1 is involved in hypoxia-mediated mitochondrial autophagy, which may contribute to ARDS development. This study explored whether FUNDC1 regulates autophagy by inhibiting ROS-NLRP3 signaling to avoid apoptosis in the lung in a lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse model. In this study, FUNDC1 knockout mice were constructed, and a lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse model was generated. HE staining of pathological sections from the lung, wet/dry lung measurements, myeloperoxidase concentration/neutrophil counts in BALF and survival time of mice were examined to determine the effect of modeling. The release of cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10) in response to LPS in the BALF and plasma was assessed using ELISA. The effects of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase) in lung tissue in response to LPS were detected by biochemical analysis. Oxidative stress damage was validated by iNOS staining, and apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL staining after LPS. Finally, the expression of autophagy-associated proteins and inflammasome-associated proteins in lung tissue after LPS intervention was analyzed by western blot. We found that wild-type control, FUNDC1 knockout control, lipopolysaccharide-induced wild-type, and FUNDC1 knockout mouse models were used to investigate whether FUNDC1-mediated autophagy is involved in lung injury and its possible molecular mechanisms. Compared with the normal control group, lung tissue FUNDC1 and LC3 II increased and p62/SQSTM1 decreased after LPS intervention, and increased ROS levels led to a decrease in corresponding antioxidant enzymes along with an increased inflammatory response and apoptosis. Levels of autophagy in lipopolysaccharide-induced mice deficient in FUNDC1 were significantly decreased, but the expression of ROS and inflammatory factors in lung tissue was more severe than in lipopolysaccharide-induced wild-type mice, and the survival rate was significantly decreased. Western blot analysis showed that autophagy was significantly inhibited in the FUNDC1 KO+LPS group, and there was a significant increase in NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1ß, and ASC compared with the lipopolysaccharide-induced wild-type group. In summary, lipopolysaccharide-induced wild-type mice exhibit ROS-dependent activation of autophagy, and knocking out FUNDC1 promotes inflammasome activation and exacerbates lung injury.

20.
Front Oncol ; 11: 667496, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277414

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a nomogram based on inflammatory indices and ICG-R15 for predicting post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) among patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A retrospective cohort of 407 patients with HCC hospitalized at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between January 2015 and December 2020, and 81 patients with HCC hospitalized at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between January 2019 and January 2020 were included in the study. Totally 488 HCC patients were divided into the training cohort (n=378) and the validation cohort (n=110) by random sampling. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify the independent risk factors. Through combining these independent risk factors, a nomogram was established for the prediction of PHLF. The accuracy of the nomogram was evaluated and compared with traditional models, like CP score (Child-Pugh), MELD score (Model of End-Stage Liver Disease), and ALBI score (albumin-bilirubin) by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results: Cirrhosis (OR=2.203, 95%CI:1.070-3.824, P=0.030), prothrombin time (PT) (OR=1.886, 95%CI: 1.107-3.211, P=0.020), tumor size (OR=1.107, 95%CI: 1.022-1.200, P=0.013), ICG-R15% (OR=1.141, 95%CI: 1.070-1.216, P<0.001), blood loss (OR=2.415, 95%CI: 1.306-4.468, P=0.005) and AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) (OR=4.652, 95%CI: 1.432-15.112, P=0.011) were independent risk factors of PHLF. Nomogram was built with well-fitted calibration curves on the of these 6 factors. Comparing with CP score (C-index=0.582, 95%CI, 0.523-0.640), ALBI score (C-index=0.670, 95%CI, 0.615-0.725) and MELD score (C-ibasedndex=0.661, 95%CI, 0.606-0.716), the nomogram showed a better predictive value, with a C-index of 0.845 (95%CI, 0.806-0.884). The results were consistent in the validation cohort. DCA confirmed the conclusion as well. Conclusion: A novel nomogram was established to predict PHLF in HCC patients. The nomogram showed a strong predictive efficiency and would be a convenient tool for us to facilitate clinical decisions.

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