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1.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1032-1035, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212550

RESUMO

Lung protection is important in the treatment of patients with intra-abdominal infection (IAI). This article focuses on the management strategy of lung protection in IAI patients. In the implementation of IAI individual respiratory protection, good humidification and chest physical therapy, nutritional support, strict balloon management, keeping a semi-supine position, and reducing the duration and depth of analgesia and sedation are helpful to maintain effective coughing capacity and prevent silent aspiration. It is also necessary to prevent ventilator-associated lung injury in mechanical ventilation, and implement strategies of small tidal volume, limited platform pressure, diaphragmatic protection and right heart protection ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Respiratory mechanical indicators, including airway resistance, respiratory compliance, maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and airway closure pressure (P0.1) can be used in IAI patients receiving mechanical ventilation for individualized assessment and monitoring of respiratory functional status. Patients with IAI who have not been treated with mechanical ventilation can use simplified bedside lung function indicators, including forced vital capacity of inhalation and exhalation, maximum inspiratory pressure and exhalation pressure, as well as volume and rate of 1s. In pulmonary rehabilitation, the protection technique of the seven-word principle of humidification, turning, patting, coughing, expansion, blowing and mobilization are implemented.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(15): 155001, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095602

RESUMO

Power exhaust from the bulk plasma is significantly altered by symmetry breaking magnetic perturbation fields, because these create direct connections (perturbed field lines) from the confined high temperature plasma to solid surfaces. The same amount of power is distributed among those new exhaust channels as for a symmetric magnetic configuration, which reduces the local upstream heat flux flowing down the perturbed field lines, thereby making access to detachment easier (i.e., at lower upstream density) for the divertor plasma near the location corresponding to the symmetric magnetic separatrix. However, the divertor plasma regions with connection to the bulk plasma are extended nonaxisymmetrically further outside, where significant heat loads occur, unlike in the symmetric configuration. The temperature remains high at those locations, which reduces the divertor plasma dissipation capacity, making the mitigation of heat loads more difficult to achieve.

4.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 608-614, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847336

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the short-term effects of ambient PM2.5 on the outpatient visits of allergic conjunctivitis among children in Shenzhen. Methods: It was a ecological study. Data on daily visits including date of visit, sex and age from children with allergic conjunctivitis were collected from Shenzhen Eye Hospital and Shenzhen Children's Hospital in 2018. Related data on air pollution (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3) and meteorology (atmospheric pressure, temperature and relative humidity) were also collected. Pearson correlation analysis was used for normal distribution data and Spearman rank correlation analysis was used for non-normal distribution data. Generalized additive model was used to estimate the impact of PM2.5 pollution on allergic conjunctivitis outpatients and the lagging effects. Results: In 2018, there were 16 133 allergic conjunctivitis outpatients in the two hospitals. The maximum age was 18 years and the minimum age was 2 months. Males accounted for 49.3%. The daily average concentration of PM2.5 was 22 (15, 31) µg/m3. Changes of the concentration of PM2.5 had a positive correlation with the amount of allergic conjunctivitis visits, and the Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.150 (P=0.004). The single pollutant model showed that the strongest effect appeared at 3 days (RR=1.111, 95%CI:1.071-1.152). A 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5 would result in an excessive number of allergic conjunctivitis outpatients as much as 11.112% (95%CI:7.011%-15.212%). In the multiple air pollutants models, after the introduction of NO2, O3 and CO, the concentration of PM2.5 showed an enhanced effect on the number of hospital visits due to allergic conjunctivitis on the same day, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Changes of the concentration of PM2.5 had a positive correlation with daily outpatient visits of allergic conjunctivitis among children in Shenzhen. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 608-614).


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Conjuntivite Alérgica , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(7): 457-464, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842249

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia on the delivery outcome and maternal and infant complications of persistent posterior occipital position postpartum or lateral occipital position postpartum patients with protracted active phase. Methods: The full and single-term primiparas (n=216, 37 to 42 weeks gestation, 22 to 35 years) diagnosed as persistent posterior or lateral occipital position during the active period were selected from the Department of Obstetrics of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from January 2015 to October 2019. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: double-tube epidural block group (n=108) and single-tube epidural block group (n=108), 1% lidocaine was used for epidural analgesia respectively under ultrasound guidance. Senior midwife or obstetricians implement new partogram, and guide women to perform position management, and push or rotate the fetal head in a timely manner. Observation indicators: general condition, the use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures, analgesia related conditions and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, delivery-related indicator, cesarean section indication, anesthesia-related indicator, maternal and child complications. Results: (1) General condition: the age, weight, height, gestational age, the ratio of persistent lateral or posterior occipital position, cephalic score, and neonatal birth weight between the two groups of women were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) The use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures: the women's Lamaze breathing method, Doula delivery companionship, percutaneous electrical stimulation, and other measures between two groups were compared, and there were not significant differences (all P>0.05). (3) Analgesia related conditions and VAS scores of women undergoing vaginal delivery: compared with the single-tube epidural block group (n=40), the second-partum time of the women in the double-tube epidural block group (n=59) was significantly shortened [(124±44) vs (86±33) minutes, P<0.01]; after 30 minutes of analgesia (4.4±0.5 vs 0.9±0.5, P<0.01), during forced labor in the second stage of labor (5.7±0.6 vs 1.3±0.4, P<0.01), the VAS scores of pain were also significantly reduced (P<0.01). (4) Labor-related indicators: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the natural delivery rate (21.3% vs 49.1%) and the delivery experience satisfaction rate (51.9% vs 98.1%) of women in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), cesarean section rate (63.0% vs 45.4%), instrument assisted rate (15.7% vs 5.6%) decreased significantly (all P<0.05). (5) Cesarean section indications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the cesarean section rate caused by prolonged labor or protracted active phase of women in the double-tube epidural block group was significantly reduced (38.0% vs 22.2%; P<0.05), and the fetal distress, intrauterine infection, and social factors caused by cesarean section between the two groups were compared, while the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05).(6) Anesthesia related indexes: the block planes of the maternal upper tube administration in the double-tube epidural block group were mostly T7, T8, T9-L2 and L3,While,the block planes in the single-tube epidural block group were mostly T10, T11-S1, S2, S3, and the modified Bromage score were all 0. (7) Maternal and child complications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the postpartum hemorrhage rate (18.5% vs 7.4%), the perineal lateral cut rate (20.4% vs 5.6%), the neonatal asphyxia rate (12.0% vs 3.7%), ICU rate of transferred neonates (13.9% vs 4.6%) in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Soft birth canal injury rate, puerperal disease rate and neonatal birth rate between two groups were compared, and there were not statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia could increase the natural delivery rate of women with posterior occipital or lateral occipital position with active stagnation, reduce the rate of cesarean section and the rate of transvaginal instruments, and reduce the complications of mother and child.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Epidural/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Analgesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Lidocaína/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Dor , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(6): 550-555, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486531

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEHE). Methods: Eighteen cases of PEHE were collected from August 2011 to December 2018 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. All cases were retrospectively studied by hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The clinicopathological features were reviewed; the status of CAMTA1 and TFE3 gene was analyzed and patients' outcome was followed up. Results: Of the 18 cases, there were 11 males and 7 females with a male to female ratio of 1.6 to 1.0. The patients' age ranged from 36 to 68 years (mean 52 years). Twelve cases (12/18) showed a single nodule and six cases (6/18) showed multiple bilateral nodules. Seven cases (7/18) involved other organs besides lung. Seventeen (17/18) patients presented with respiratory symptoms and one patient (1/18) presented with abdominal pain. Grossly, the tumors were greyish-white nodules with indistinct borders. Microscopically the tumor cells were epithelioid and arranged in strands and nests, and cytoplasmic vacuoles were commonly noted. The stroma was myxochondroid or hyaline. By IHC, the tumor cells were positive for CD31(18/18), CD34 (16/18), ERG (18/18) and Fli-1 (18/18); CKpan was focally positive in 5 cases (5/18). TFE3 was positive in 3 cases (3/18), and Ki-67 index ranged from 5% to 30%. FISH analysis showed seventeen cases (17/18) had CAMAT1 rearrangement, one case had TFE3 rearrangement displaying a split signal. Eight patients (8/18) had surgical excision, three patients (3/18) had surgery and chemotherapy, and seven patients (7/18) had chemotherapy only. Four patients (4/18) died of the disease. Conclusions: Patients with PEHE have non-specific symptoms, and correct diagnosis depends on pathologic biopsy and the exclusion of other tumors with epithelioid morphology. Some patients with PEHE have poor prognosis, particularly in those who have multiple nodules, peripheral invasion or metastasis.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma Epitelioide , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Transcrição
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447897

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the process nodes and types of dust existing during subway construction, evaluate the occupational health risk assessment, analyze the key control points, and provide technical basis for occupational health management. Methods: From August 2017 to December 2018, the field occupational health survey method was used to investigate the whole construction period of subway, and the occupational health risk assessment method was used to assess the degree of dust hazard, and the consistency of the assessment results of ICMM, UQ and MLSP methods were compared. Results: The dust in the operation site exists in multiple nodes of the construction cycle, and the operators were exposed to a variety of dust at the same time. Concrete workers and other jobs were key control posts. The risk level assessed by ICMM method was relatively higher than that by UQ method and MLSP method, the latter two results were relatively close. Conclusion: The three occupational health risk assessment methods are all suitable for the site risk assessment without occupational monitoring data, and UQ method has better applicability to the construction industry.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Poeira/análise , Exposição Ocupacional , Ferrovias , Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Medição de Risco
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306703

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the health status of occupational benzene exposure workers, and to provide a scientific basis for the development of reasonable health monitoring and effective protective measures. Methods: In March 2019, the occupational health surveillance data were collected including blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, urine routine, liver function, etc of 7810 benzene contact workers in 150 enterprises in Jiangxi Province in 2017, to analyze and assess their health status. Results: Among the 7810 benzene workers, there were 5451 males and 2359 females; the average age was (40.5±9.9) years; and the median benzene working age was 3.5 years. The detection rate of hypertension was 17.0% (734/4317) , the abnormal rate of urine routine was 15.7% (1227/7810) , the abnormal rate of liver function was 8.6% (356/4147) , and the abnormal rate of electrocardiogram was 12.3%(963/7810). The detection rates of low count number of leukocytes, platelets, neutrophils and occupational contraindications were 4.6%(360/7810) , 1.4%(108/7810) , 4.2%(330/7810) and 1.4%(110/7810) , respectively. The detection rates of low count number of leukocytes, platelets and neutrophils in female were all higher than those in male (P<0.05). The detection rates of low count number of platelets, neutropenia and occupational contraindications increased with age and working age (P<0.05 ). There were significant differences in the detection rates of low count number of leukocytes, platelets, neutrophils and occupational contraindications among benzene workers in different economic types (P<0.05) , and the highest among foreign companies, followed by private enterprise. There were statistically significant differences in the detection rates of low count number of platelets, neutrophils and occupational contraindications in benzene workers of different enterprise sizes (P<0.05) , and the highest was found in micro enterprises, followed by small enterprises. Conclusion: In 2017, the occupational health status of workers exposed to benzene in Jiangxi province is not optimistic. It is necessary to strengthen the occupational health supervision of small and micro-sized enterprises, foreign enterprises and private enterprises, take the initiative to improve health surveillance, and effectively protect the physical and mental health of workers.


Assuntos
Benzeno/efeitos adversos , Nível de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Contagem de Leucócitos , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Contagem de Plaquetas
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 504-507, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344472

RESUMO

Objective: This study intended to explore the current sexual and childbearing stigma, experienced by chronic hepatitis B patients in China, and to develop related preventive strategies. Methods: We used a self-made questionnaire to investigate the sexual and childbearing stigma suffered by chronic hepatitis B patients in four provinces of China. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used to compare the differences on sexual and childbearing stigma indexes between different demographic variables. Results: We surveyed 797 chronic hepatitis B patients in four provinces. Among them, 4.15% (28/675) of the patients were persuaded not to give birth to children, and 4.67% (10/210) of patients were told to stop pregnancy, by their medical care takers or by members from the family planning institutions. 3.62% (25/690) and 3.48% (24/690) of the patients were not able to enjoy the family planning or reproductive health services as they were stigmatized,suffered, as having HBV infection. Among the male chronic hepatitis B patients, the under 30 years group suffered less sexual and childbearing stigma than those who were aged 31- (P=0.011) or 51 and above year-olds (P=0.009). Among female chronic hepatitis B patients, the 31- year-olds group suffered less sexual and childbearing stigma than those under 30 years group but higher than those aged 41- (P=0.001) or 51 and above ones (P<0.001). Patients with knowledge on route of sexual transmission for HBV, were more likely to practice less related sexual behaviors than those without such knowledge (P=0.022). Patients who were aware or not that condoms could reduce the risk of HBV infection did not show statistically significant difference on sex behaviors (P=0.612). Conclusions: Chronic hepatitis B patients did suffer from sexual and childbearing related stigma, with women aged 31-40 years old the most. It is necessary to advocate on the advantage of condom use for prevention of HBV transmission among pregnant women, both horizontally and vertically. Strategies on protection the rights of patients with hepatitis B should be developed and strengthened.


Assuntos
Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hepatite B Crônica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , China , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3113-3121, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) acts as crucial regulators in the tumorigenesis of breast cancer (BC). The aim of the study is to investigate the functional effects of miR-526b expression in breast cancer progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-526b in breast cancer tissues and cell lines was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion capacity was detected by CCK-8 cell proliferation, colony formation, and transwell invasion assays after up-regulating or down-regulating miR-526b expression in breast cancer cells. Bioinformatics analysis and Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assays were used to demonstrate that Twist1 was a target of miR-526b. Western blot analysis was also performed. RESULTS: We showed that miR-526b expression was significantly downregulated in breast cancer tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Lower miR-526b expression was associated with lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients. Function assays showed that upregulation of miR-526b expression suppressed cell proliferation, cell colony formation, and cell invasion ability in breast cancer. Furthermore, the upregulation of miR-526b suppressed EMT makers Vimentin expression but increased the E-cadherin expression. Mechanically, we showed that miR-526b inhibited cell EMT process by targeting Twist1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, our evidence indicated that miR-526b may serve as a potential target of breast cancer treatment.

13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914569

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors. Results: The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914570

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years. Results: The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 62-68, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914571

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Results: As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914572

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment. Results: With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914573

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Results: The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
J Helminthol ; 94: e118, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959266

RESUMO

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a detoxifying enzyme family that is essential for parasite blood-feeding and survival, and represent potential targets for hookworm vaccine development. Multiple GST-encoding complementary DNAs (cDNAs) have been cloned from Ancylostoma caninum and Necator americanus, but there are no reports about the cloning of this enzyme from Ancylostoma ceylanicum, the animal-derived zoonotic hookworm. To study the molecular nature and tissue localization of GST of A. ceylanicum (Ace-GST), we designed primers based on the GST gene sequence of A. ceylanicum in GenBank, amplified the Ace-GST cDNA by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and analysed its homology and genetic evolution relationship. The amplified product was cloned into the pET-32a vector and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) for expression. To prepare anti-GST polyclonal antibodies, the recombinant protein was purified and used to immunize Kunming mice. The level of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in the serum of immunized mice was detected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the Ace-GST localization in adult worm was determined using the immunofluorescence method. The results showed that the full-length cDNA encoding Ace-GST was 468 bp, which had the highest homology with Ac-GST-1 (60.1%) and clustered into one branch (v-class) with Ac-GST-1 and Na-GST-1 in a phylogenetic tree. Mice immunized with recombinant Ace-GST showed specific IgG antibody response. Immunolocalization revealed that natural Ace-GST is mainly located in the epidermis, muscle and intestine of the adult. These results may lay a foundation for further studies on the biological function of Ace-GST.


Assuntos
Ancylostoma , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Ancylostoma/genética , Ancylostoma/imunologia , Ancylostoma/metabolismo , Ancilostomíase , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos , Antígenos de Helmintos/genética , Antígenos de Helmintos/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , DNA de Helmintos/genética , DNA de Helmintos/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transformação Bacteriana
20.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 211: 106208, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785624

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate effects of short-term nutritional supplementation on concentrations of reproductive hormones in follicular fluid and on mRNA abundance in granulosa cells (GCs) during the luteal phase of ewes. Eighteen ewes were randomly assigned to treatment or control groups (n = 9, each group). All the ewes were subjected to estrous synchronization using a Controlled Intravaginal Releasing Device (CIDR). From the second to the eleventh day of estrous synchronization, ewes were fed a diet with a relatively greater (treatment group) or a maintenance (control group) energy content. Samples of follicular fluid and GCs were collected from antral follicles of estrous ewes after CIDR removal. The results indicate mean FSH concentration of fluid in small follicles and mean LH concentrations of fluid in large follicles of the ewes in the treatment group were greater (P < 0.05) than that of ewes in the control group. Follicular fluid E2 concentrations were directly related (P < 0.05) to follicular diameter. The ewes of the treatment group had greater (P < 0.05), compared with the control group, abundances of Follicle Stimulating Hormone Receptor (FSHR) in small and medium follicles, and (P<0.05) Luteinizing Hormone Receptor (LHR), Steroid Acute Regulatory Protein (STAR), cytochrome P450 (CYP17A1, CYP19A1) enzyme and Estrogen Receptor (ESR1) in large follicles. The results of this study provide evidence for a potential mechanism by which short-term nutritional supplementation improves follicular development possibly because of increased expression of steroid synthesis-regulating genes in large follicles.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Ingestão de Energia , Líquido Folicular/química , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ovinos/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Sincronização do Estro , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo
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