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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(18): 1426-1431, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392995

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of asthma among the elderly people in China and to analyze the clinical features, self-management and cognitive level of elderly asthma patients. Methods: According to the multi-stage random cluster sampling methods, a total of 164 215 subjects were visited by a questionnaire in the last epidemiology survey from eight provinces (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Liaoning, Henan, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Sichuan provinces) and seven regions (north, northeast, southern china, east, south, southwest and northwest) in China from February 2010 to August 2012. 2 034 were diagnosed as asthma. The elderly patients aged ≥65 years were selected from the 2 034 asthma patients. The clinical characteristics, comorbidities, the status of asthma control and self-management and insights of the disease in elderly asthma patients were analyzed. Results: Among the 2 034 asthma patients, 584 (28.7%) were elderly asthmatics aged ≥65 years old and 1 450 (71.3%) were<65 years old. In the elderly asthma group, Early-onset asthma accounted for 439 (75.2%) and 145 (24.8%) were late-onset. The common clinical manifestations of elderly asthma patients were: chest distress 395 (67.6%), wheezing 304 (52.1%), cough 298 (51.0%). Common comorbidities of elderly asthmatics were: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 144 (24.7%), allergic rhinitis 122(20.9%), gastroesopheal reflux disease (GERD) 114(19.5%), allergic conjunctivitis 86 (14.7%), eczema 82 (14.0%), chronic bronchitis 76 (13.0%). The Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores of elderly asthmatics and non-elderly asthmatics were (18.5±3.2) and (21.7±3.4) respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.042). Of the elderly asthmatics, only 13 (2.2%) patients monitored daily using a peak flow meter. 93 (15.9%) patients aware that asthma was characterized by chronic airway inflammation. 64 (11.0%) asthmatics understood that the treatment goal. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of elderly asthmatics are atypical, especially paroxysmal wheezing. Asthma in elderly people causes more comorbidities and mortality. The self-management and cognitive level of patients with asthma needs to be improved.

2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 358-362, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294835

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of a case infected with avian influenza A (H5N6) virus associated with exposure to aerosol and provide evidence for the prevention and control of human infection with avian influenza virus. Methods: Epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify the history of exposure, infection route, and disease progression. Real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR was used to test the samples collected from the case, close contacts, environment and poultry market. Results: The case had no history of exposure to live poultry and poultry market. But before the onset the case had a history of exposure to the live poultry placed in a car with doors and windows closed. The samples collected from the case's lower respiratory tract and the remaining frozen chicken meat were all influenza A (H5N6) virus positive. Conclusions: The source of infection was the live poultry, and the infection route might be the exposure to aerosol in a car with doors and windows closed, where the poultry were temporarily stored. It is necessary to promote centralized poultry slaughtering, cold chain distribution and fresh poultry sale, as well as strengthen health education and establish the concept of consuming fresh poultry.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(14): 1106-1111, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294877

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of severe bronchial asthma in Chinese people over 14 years old. Methods: According to the multi-stage random cluster sampling methods, a total of 164 215 subjects were visited by a questionnaire in the epidemiology survey from eight provinces (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Liaoning, Henan, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Sichuan provinces) located in seven regions (north, northeast, east, central China, south, southwest and northwest) of China from February 2010 to August 2012. A total of 2 034 were diagnosed as asthma. The clinical characteristics and related risk factors of patients with severe asthma in China were analyzed. Results: Among all asthma patients, 560 were newly diagnosed, accounting for 27.5% (560/2 034) and the percentage of previously confirmed patients was 72.5% (1 474/2 034). A total of 145 were eligible for severe asthma, accounting for 9.8% (145/1 474) of previously confirmed asthmatics and 7.1% (145/2 034) of all asthmatics. 83.5% (121/145) severe asthmatics had at least one trigger factor. Correlation analysis showed that the risk factors of severe asthma were: smoking (OR=1.543, 95%CI: 1.250-1.814), obesity (OR=2.186, 95%CI: 1.972-2.354), petting (OR=2.135, 95%CI: 1.904-2.283), combined with allergic rhinitis (OR=3.456, 95%CI: 2.721-4.326), gastroesophageal reflux disease (OR=1.842, 95%CI: 1.682-2.140), bronchiectasis (OR=1.665, 95%CI: 1.347-1.912) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR=1.312, 95%CI: 1.171-1.694). Conclusions: The most common comorbidities in severe asthmatics in China are allergic rhinitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease. The risk factors of severe asthma include obesity, allergic rhinitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchiectasis, smoking and petting.


Assuntos
Asma , Adolescente , China , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 2020-2027, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-223 on the thrombophlebitis rats by regulating the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of thrombophlebitis was established, and miR-223 was silenced or overexpressed through lentiviral transfection. The rats were divided into miR-223 inhibitors group (Inhibitors group), miR-223 mimics group (Mimics group), and normal group (Control group). The transfection efficiency of miR-223 in venous tissues was detected via Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), the hemorheological indexes plasma viscosity (PV) and hematocrit (HCT) were observed, and the content of the serum inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-ß (TNF-ß) were detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Moreover, the fibrinolytic indexes plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) and the tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) were detected, the morphological changes in the venous tissues were observed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the gene and protein expressions of the TLR signaling pathway were detected via RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression of miR-223 was significantly increased in the Mimics group (p<0.05) and significantly decreased in the Inhibitors group (p<0.05). The high-shear and low-shear whole blood viscosity and HCT in the Inhibitors group were significantly higher than those in the Mimics group (p<0.05). The levels of serum IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-ß in the Inhibitors group were remarkably higher than those in the Mimics group (p<0.05). The Inhibitors group had a remarkably lower level of t-PA (p<0.05) and a remarkably higher level of PAI than the Mimics group (p<0.05). Besides, the inferior vena cava wall shed and disappeared due to complete necrosis in the Inhibitors group. In the Mimics group, the vascular lumen was slightly expanded, and the vascular wall had intact contour. It was found in the gene detection that the mRNA levels of TLR2, myeloid differential protein-88 (MyD88) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were evidently increased in the Inhibitors group, and the significant increases in the protein levels of TLR2 and MyD88 were also observed in the protein detection. CONCLUSIONS: The overexpression of miR-223 can inhibit the TLR signaling pathway, thereby promoting the recovery of thrombophlebitis rats.

7.
Neoplasma ; 67(3): 501-508, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039630

RESUMO

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has two subtypes, i.e., mTORC1 and mTORC2, which contain the Raptor and Rictor core molecules, respectively. The effect of Raptor and Rictor on hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, HIF-2α, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is unclear. In this work, we investigated the correlations among Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF expression in CRC. We subsequently analyzed the clinicopathological features of patients. Immunohistochemistry, western blot, and RT-PCR analyses were performed to detect the expression of Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF in 120 cases of CRC and 60 cases of normal colorectal mucosa. CD34 was used to label microvascular density (MVD), which was found to be higher in patients with positive Raptor or Rictor than in those with negative Raptor or Rictor. The positive rates of Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF in CRC were significantly higher than in normal colorectal mucosa. Raptor expression was positively correlated with HIF-1α and VEGF but not with HIF-2α expression. By contrast, Rictor expression was positively correlated with HIF-2α and VEGF but not with HIF-1α expression. Survival analysis further indicated that Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF and lymph node metastasis were independent prognostic factors in CRC. To conclude, Raptor and Rictor expression was related to the initiation and development of CRC and angiogenesis in different ways. The combined detection of Raptor and Rictor is important for patients with colorectal carcinoma in prognosis and optimal therapy.

8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(12): 951-954, 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818069

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the clinicopathological features, therapy and prognosis of primary cardiac CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with C-MYC and bcl-2 double expression. Methods: Two cases diagnosed at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were included, the clinical data were collected; the tumor morphology, immunophenotypic profiles, therapy and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Case 1 was a 55-year-old man and case 2 was a 61-year-old women. Intraoperatively, both cases showed large masses in the right atrium or ventricle, involving adjacent tissue. Pathologically, the tumors were composed of diffusely infiltrating large lymphoid cells with high mitotic activity and apoptosis. The tumor cells were positive for CD20, CD5, bcl-6, MUM1, C-MYC and bcl-2, and the Ki-67 index was equal or greater than 90%. Case 1 had bcl-6, but not bcl-2 or MYC gene rearrangements. No MYC, bcl-2 or bcl-6 gene rearrangements were detected in case 2. Case 1 defaulted chemotherapy after operation and died 1 month after diagnosis. Case 2 was treated with 4 cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) therapy after surgery and attained partial remission, and was then treated with apatinib and ibrutinib, and remained stable 18 months after initial diagnosis. Conclusion: Primary cardiac CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with C-MYC and bcl-2 double expression usually shows large infiltrative mass in the right atrium or ventricle, non-germinal center like immunophenotype and high proliferation index, and this may contribute to the aggressiveness of primary cardiac lymphoma.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Rituximab , Vincristina
9.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 902-906, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887815

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the snoring status and related family factors of children from 3 to 14 years old in Beijing. Methods: From May to July, 2015, data of children from 3 to 14 years old were obtained from a status survey from 7 districts(Xicheng, Chaoyang, Changping, Shunyi, Fangshan, Huairou and Mentougou) in Beijing. A total of 11 420 children from 25 primary and middle schools were randomly selected. Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and a self-administered questionnaire were carried out for the adopted children. Self-administered questionnaire included the snoring related family factors. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odd ratio(OR) with 95% confidence intervals for variables. Results: A total of 9 198 children meet the inclusion criteria and are analyzed in the study, of whom 901 (9.80%) were found with snoring behavior. The incidence of boys is higher than girls. Obese children take higher risk of snoring. Compared with younger children (≤6 years old), older children (≥12 years old) have a significantly lower risk of snoring (OR=0.464, 95%CI 0.368-0.585). There is no statistical association between full-term infants, infant feeding pattern, parental cigarette smoking and child snoring.The children with family history of snoring have a significantly higher risk of snoring occurrence. The educational background of mother is statistically related to children snoring (OR=1.241, 95%CI 1.058-1.457). Conclusions: The incidence of children snoring in Beijing is 9.80%, male gender, obesity, and young age are all risk factors for children snoring. There is a significantly statistical relationship between snoring and related family factors, such as family snoring history and education experience.


Assuntos
Sono , Ronco , Adolescente , Pequim , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Ronco/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(11): 861-866, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775435

RESUMO

Objective: To assess clinical features and treatment outcomes in immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Methods: Sixty-two patients with PCNSL who attended Guangdong General Hospital between January 1998 and January 2012 were included. Survival curves were estimated using Kaplan-Meier survival methodology and statistical significance of continuous was assessed via the Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The median age of the patient cohort was 56 years, and the male to female ratio was 1.14∶1.00. The common presentations were increased intracranial pressure symptoms and neuron damage. Performance status of 54 (54/62, 87.1%) patients were the international prognostic index (IPI) 0-2. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (57/62, 91.9%) was most common, and the rest were T-cell lymphoma (4/62,6.4%) and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (1/62, 1.6%). In the series, 32 patients (32/62, 51.6%) had multiple lesions. Involvement of deep structures was found in 30 (30/62, 48.4%) patients. An elevated serum LDH level was detected in 19 (19/62, 30.6%) patients and the Ki-67 index was ≥90% in 38 (38/62, 61.3%) patients. Univariate analysis showed patients who were female, age<60 years, had WHO Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status grade 0-2, single lesion, absence of deep structures involvement and normal LDH level showed better 2-year survival rate and longer median survival time. Significance was only seen in the normal LDH level group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that radical surgery only and Rituximab+ high-dose of methotrexate+ whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) were independent prognostic indicators in PCNSL patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: PCNSL is a rare but aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. Patients treated with high-dose of methotrexate combining with rituximab, followed by WBRT have a better prognosis and longer survival time, and thus these could probably be a promising treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Child Orthop ; 13(5): 438-444, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695810

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore whether increasing the hip abduction angle would increase the incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN) in patients with late- detected developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) treated by closed reduction (CR) and spica cast immobilization. Methods: A total of 55 patients (59 hips) with late-detected DDH underwent MRI after CR. Hip abduction angle and hip joint distance were measured on postoperative MRI transverse sections. The acetabular index and centre-edge angle were measured on plain radiographs at the last follow-up. The presence of AVN according to Kalamchi and McEwen's classification was assessed. We retrospectively analyzed the associations among abduction angles, hip joint distances, radiographic parameters, AVN and final outcomes, exploring the relationship between hip joint abduction angle and AVN rate. Results: The mean age at the time of CR was 14.4 months SD 5.5 (6 to 28), and the mean follow-up was 26.2 months SD 8.1 (12.4 to 41.7). The mean hip abduction angle was 70.2° SD 7.2° (53° to 85°) on the dislocated side and 63.7° SD 8.8° (40° to 82°) on the normal side; the mean hip joint distance was 5.1 mm SD 1.9 (1.3 to 9.1) on the dislocated side and 2.2 mm SD 0.6 on the normal side (1.3 to 3.3). Eight of 59 hips (13.6%) developed AVN. Neither the amount of abduction nor hip joint distance increased the AVN rate (p = 0.97 and p = 0.65, respectively) or the dislocation rate (p = 0.38 and p = 0.14, respectively). Conclusion: Abduction angle up to 70.2° following CR did not increase the AVN rate in children aged six to 28 months with late-detected DDH treated by CR. Level of evidence: III.

12.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 468-473, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a recombinase aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Clonorchis sinensis. METHODS: The 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) sequence of C. sinensis was used as the target sequence, and specific primers and probes were designed, synthesized and screened to establish a rapid fluorescent RAA assay for the detection of C. sinensis. Then, the sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using the recombinant plasmids containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments and C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA as say was evaluated using the genomic DNA of Ascaris lumbricoides, Echinococcus granulosus, Schistosoma japonicum, Ancylostoma duodenale and S. mansoni as templates. DNA samples were extracted from the feces containing C. sinensis eggs and freshwater fish containing metacercaria for the fluorescent RAA assay, and the performance for detection of C. sinensis-infected samples was preliminarily assessed in the field. RESULTS: A fluorescent RAA assay for detection of C. sinensis was successfully established, which was feasible for specific amplification of C. sinensis genomic DNA at 39 °C within 20 min. The lowest detection limit was 10 copies/µL if the recombinant plasmid containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments was used as a template, and the lowest detection limit was 3 pg/µL if the C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations served as a template. All detections were negative if the genomic DNA of A. lumbricoides, E. granulosus, S. japonicum, A. duodenale, and S. mansoni was used as templates. In addition, the fluorescent RAA assay showed a high performance for the detection of C. sinensis-infected samples in the field, which successfully detected C. sinensis-infected human and rat fecal samples and Pseudorasbora parva samples. CONCLUSIONS: A fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitivity and specific for detection of C. sinensis.


Assuntos
Clonorquíase , Clonorchis sinensis , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Ácidos Nucleicos , Animais , Clonorquíase/diagnóstico , Clonorchis sinensis/genética , Primers do DNA , Fezes/parasitologia , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Parasitologia/métodos , Ratos , Recombinases/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623049

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, imaging features and treatment of neurogenic tumor in chilehood and to improve the experience in diagnosis and treatment for the disease. Method:The twenty-nine inpatients of histopathologically proven neurogenic tumor from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The pathological types, clinical characteristics, imaging findings, and management were analyzed. Result: There were five cases of schwannoma aged from 9 years to 14 years, five cases of neurofibroma aged from 9 months to 9 years, and nineteen cases of neuroblastic tumor aged from 3 months to 5 years in our series. The chief manifestations were soft tissue masses, snore, and Honer syndrome. As the tumors had different components pathologically, on scans they presented as masses with heterogeneous density. Schwannoma showed as oval masses with clear margins, with the characteristic of"tail sign". The imaging findings of neurofibromas showed unclear boundaries and plexiform neurofibromas showed multiple clumps with visible separation. The ultrasonography of neuroblastic tumor was characterized by hypoechoic, heterogeneous and spotty calcification. All the cases underwent surgical resections. In 5 cases of schwannoma, it was confirmed that the tumors originated from the vagus nerve during the operation, which could be completely removed without postoperative complications. Two cases of neurofibromas were completely resected, 2 cases were only partially resected, and 1 case which located at the entrance of the esophagus was resected under supportive laryngoscopic for three times. Thirteen of 19 children with neuroblastogenic tumors underwent resection in our department after chemotherapy, and 2 patients with postoperative recurrence underwent another operation. Conclusion:Neuroblastoma is the most common neurogenic tumor in the head and neck of children. Most neurogenic tumors have their corresponding characteristics on imaging and should be differentiated. Schwannoma has clear boundary and intact capsule, so it is easier to complete resection. The neurofibroma is commonly difficult to remove with safety margin because of its unclear boundaries. Neuroblastoma should be treated according to the lesion range and stage. Most of the lesions are difficult to remove completely due to the wide range, peripheral blood vessels and important nerves. So preoperative chemotherapy is generally required.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neurilemoma , Neurofibroma , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 887-892, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the barrier effect of an absorbable barrier membrane made by small intestinal submucosa (SIS) compared with Bio-Gide collagen membrane. METHODS: 12 healthy New Zealand male white rabbits were randomly assigned. A or B round bone defects with a depth of 2 mm and a diameter of 5 mm or 8 mm was made in each rabbit's mandibular. The following treatments were given respectively: covered with SIS membrane (S), covered with Bio-Gide membrane (G) and blank control (O). Then we got six groups: AS, AG, AO, BS, BG, and BO (n=4). After 4 weeks, the rabbits were sacrificed. The specimens were examined by naked-eye observation, new bone percentage (BV/TV) and bone mineralized density (BMD), which were measured and analyzed by Micro-CT. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA. RESULTS: After 4 weeks, Bio-Gide membranes were fused with the surrounding tissue while SIS membranes held the form with no significant degradation. In the AS, BS and AG groups, the absorbable membranes smoothly covered on the new bone. While in the BG group, Bio-Gide membranes collapsed to the center of the bone defects. The 3D reconstruction of Micro-CT showed that a large number of newly formed trabeculae were found in the four groups of AS, BS, AG, and BG. In the central subsidence area of the BG group, the newly formed trabeculae were sparse. However only a small amount of new bone trabecula appeared at the bottom of the defects in groups AO and BO. Micro-CT quantitative results showed that BV/TV (39.10%±0.79%) and BMD [(517.73±11.22) mg/cm3] of AS group were significantly higher than those of AO group [26.67%±1.12%, (319.81±8.00) mg/cm3] (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between AS group and AG group [38.15%±0.91%, (518.65±7.48) mg/cm3] (P>0.05). BV/TV (34.90%±1.35%) and BMD [(409.09±8.14) mg/cm3] of BS group were significantly higher than those of BO group [23.63%±2.07%, (171.00±16.24) mg/cm3] (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, there was no significant difference between BS and BG groups [33.40%±1.06%, (412.70±8.6) mg/cm3] (P>0.05). HE staining analysis revealed that significant bone formation was achieved in the AS, AG, BS and BG groups, and trabecular bone of AS and AG groups were thicker and denser. In AO and BO group, there were scattered new bone tissues in edges of host bone, and no coarse trabecular bone formed. CONCLUSION: In the early healing of two sizes bone defects in rabbit mandibular, SIS membrane and Bio-Gide membrane have a similar barrier effect in guided bone regeneration. And SIS membrane's ability to maintain space for bone regeneration seems to be better.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Mandíbula , Implantes Absorvíveis , Animais , Masculino , Osteogênese , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Suínos , Cicatrização , Microtomografia por Raio-X
15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11644, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406191

RESUMO

Grey mold disease results from Botrytis cinerea, a classical "high-risk" plant pathogenic fungus in meaning of resistance development to fungicides, and its management depends largely on the frequent applications of fungicides. The evolution of resistance to benzimidazole chemicals during 2008 and 2016 was monitored continuously in strawberry greenhouses located in Zhejiang province. Results showed that extensive applications of the mixture of carbendazim and diethofencarb caused the rapid spread of Ben MR subpopulation. The withdraw of this mixture lead to the sharply decrease of Ben MR and re-dominance of Ben HR isolates of B. cinerea with the E198A mutation in ß-tubulin gene. The LAMP primers, based on the E198A point mutation, were designed to detect the E198A genotype specifically. HNB (Hydroxynaphthol blue), a metalion indicator, acted as a visual LAMP reaction indicator that turned the violet colored into a sky-blue color. The detection limit of concentration of DNA was 100 × 10-2 ng/µL and this LAMP assay could be applied to detect the E198A genotype with 100% accuracy in strawberry greenhouses of three Province and was more rapid and easier to operate. In summary, we establish a simple and sensitive on-field LAMP assay which can be adopted to determine within 1.5 h whether the benzimidazoles or the mixture of a benzimidazole fungicide and diethofencarb is suitable for management of B. cinerea.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446733

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the perioperative management of stomal recurrence after tracheostomy including the method of surgical resection and repairment of postoperative defect. Method:Fifteen cases of stomal recurrence after tracheostomy, all cases received preoperative neck to chest enhanced CT scan or PET-CT examination to determine the scope of the lesion, electronic gastroscope or esophageal radiography to understand whether the esophageal mucosa is invased. All cases received extended resection and low tracheostomy. Result:Seven cases were repaired with pedicle pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. Five cases were repaired with internal thoracic artery perforator flap. Two cases were chosed approaching the skin and subcutaneous tissue, such as pedicled rotator flap or Z-shaped flap or V-Y advance flap to repaire. 1 case was chosed Stomach lifting instead of esophageal surgery and near skin flap for repairment. In all cases, the operations were completed successfully and none patient died during the perioperative period. All patients received postoperative radiotherapy after surgery. Conclusion:After proper examination, the selected stomal recurrence after tracheostomy can be surgically treated. The key to judgment before surgery is whether the surrounding large vessels can be safely dissected or reconstructed, and whether or not tracheostomy can be performed after resection. The appropriate method of repairing the defect during the operation can successfully complete the operation and extend the lives of some patients. Patients with tracheostomy maintenance should pay special attention to regular follow-up after surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Traqueostomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327201

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to screen the targeting chemokine receptor 3-RNA interference (CCR3-RNAi) lentiviral expression vector, infect mouse mast cells,observe the expression of this gene in mast cells and the interference efficiency of the virus vector.The pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis lays the foundation.Method:Three pairs of CCR3-shRNA sequences were constructed,and three pairs of double-stranded shRNA oligo were inserted into shRNA lentiviral vectors to construct three shRNA lentiviral recombinant plasmids.The recombinant vector and virus-packed auxiliary plasmids were co-transfected into 293T cells to obtain lentiviral plasmids.The lentiviral plasmids were then transfected into mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells in vitro and purified. The expression level of CCR3 mRNA in mast cells was verified by qRT-PCR,and the expression level of CCR3 protein in mast cells was detected by Western Blot.Result: It was confirmed by sequencing that the lentiviral vector of CCR3 shRNA was successfully constructed, transfected into 293T cells and packaged with virus. Finally the high purity PDSO19-PL-CCR3 lentiviral plasmid was obtained with a virus titer of 3.7×108TU/ml.The lentiviral plasmid was used to infect mouse mast cells.RT-PCR and Western Blot detection assay showed that CCR3shRNA reduced the expression of CCR3 gene in mouse mast cells at the level of mRNA and protein.Conclusion: The CCR3 gene RNAi lentivirus expression vector was successfully constructed.It was found that it downregulated the expression level of CCR3 gene mRNA and protein in mouse mast cells,which laid the foundation for further research on its role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.


Assuntos
Vetores Genéticos , Mastócitos/citologia , Interferência de RNA , Receptores CCR3/genética , Animais , Lentivirus , Camundongos , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Rinite Alérgica/patologia , Transfecção
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(26): 2062-2067, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315378

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the commutability evaluation method of reference materials for fibrinogen measurement and evaluate the commutability of the Third WHO International Standard Fibrinogen Plasma (WHO 09/264), SSC/ISTH Secondary Coagulation Standard (SSC LOT4) and homemade reference materials (RM01, RM02) in order to provide suggestions on how to determine the suitable method of commutability evaluation and reliable traceability standard. Methods: The comparability of fibrinogen among different measurement systems were evaluated and WHO 09/264 was used to calibrate each system to improve the comparability if the comparability among different systems couldn't be accepted. Forty clinical samples and the reference materials randomly interspersed among the clinical samples were measured on Stago STA-R Evolution, Sysmex CS 5100, IL ACL TOP 700 simultaneously. Measurement results were pairwise analyzed by Deming regression and difference in bias approach according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP14-A3 protocol and the recommendations of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) working group on commutability, respectively. Results: The comparability of fibrinogen measurement among common systems could not meet the criterion. WHO 09/264 could improve the agreement among different measurement systems. The prediction interval of Deming regression was affected by the comparability of measurement systems, resulting in unreliable results. The difference in bias approach was more suitable because its criterion was related to the medical requirements. WHO 09/264 was commutable between Stago and Sysmex, inconclusive between Stago and IL, Sysmex and IL (The calibration effectiveness of WHO 09/264 showed that it was commutable among the three measurement systems). SSC LOT4 was commutable between Stago and Sysmex, inconclusive between Stago and IL, Sysmex and IL. RM01 and RM02 were commutable between all systems pairs assessed by difference in bias approach. Conclusions: There are differences in the results of two commutability evaluation approaches. The difference in bias approach is recommended for commutability evaluation. WHO International Standard and homemade reference materials can be used as traceability standard for fibrinogen measurement.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemostáticos , Coagulação Sanguínea , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Padrões de Referência
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3175047, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281831

RESUMO

What Is Known and Objective. To reevaluate the benefits and risks of corticosteroid treatment in adult patients with septic shock. Methods. This study was performed based on PRISMA guidelines. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of corticosteroids versus placebo were retrieved from PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central RCTs, and ClinicalTrials.gov from January 1980 to April 2018. We also conducted a trial sequential analysis to indicate the possibility of type I or II errors and calculate the information size. Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach (GRADE) was applying to assess the certainty of evidence at the primary outcome level. Results. Twenty-one RCTs were identified and analyzed. Patients treated with corticosteroid had a 7% reduction in relative risk in 28-day all-cause mortality compared to controls (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.99). However, there were no significant differences for the intensive care unit (ICU) mortality (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.09) or in-hospital mortality (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.92 to 1.11). Corticosteroids shortened the length of ICU stay by 1.04 days (RR -1.04, 95% CI -1.72 to -0.36) and the length of hospital stay by 2.49 days (RR -2.49, 95% CI -4.96 to -0.02). Corticosteroids increased the risk of hyperglycemia (RR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.16) but not gastroduodenal bleeding (RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.37) or superinfection (RR 1.04, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.15). However, some date on secondary outcomes were unavailable because they were not measured or not reported in the included studies which may cause a lack of power or selective outcome reporting. The information size was calculated at 10044 patients. Trial sequential analysis showed that the meta-analysis was conclusive and the risk of type 2 error was minimal. What Is New and Conclusion. Corticosteroids are likely to be effective in reducing 28-day mortality and attenuating septic shock without increasing the rate of life-threatening complications. TSA showed that the risk of type II error in this meta-analysis was minimal and the result was conclusive.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Viés de Publicação , Respiração Artificial , Fatores de Risco , Choque Séptico/mortalidade
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262105

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the sleep quality of children in Beijing and to analyze the related factors. Methods: The data were collected from the survey of 3-14 years old children in 7 urban districts of Beijing in 2015. By using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, 26 kindergartens and primary and secondary schools in 7 districts and counties, including Xicheng, Chaoyang, Changping, Shunyi, Fangshan, Huairou and Mentougou, were randomly selected, with a total of 11 420 children. Children's sleep status was investigated with Children's Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), and the proportion of children with sleep quality problems when the PSQ score was greater than 7. Various sleep related factors were investigated with self-made questionnaire. A multilevel model was used to analyze the relationship between PSQ score and related factors. Results: The average PSQ score of the children was 3.60±2.69. The proportion of children with sleep quality problems was 8.87%(816/9 198). Multilevel model analysis showed that the younger the children, the higher the PSQ score (<6 years old vs. 6~12 years old vs. >12 years old: 3.94±2.58 vs. 3.58±2.66 vs. 3.30±2.84, F=33.015, P<0.001); male PSQ score higher than female (3.89±2.75 vs. 3.30±2.60, t=10.560, P<0.001); and snoring, obesity, father/mother snoring, playing games before bed, surfing the internet, eating and other factors were statistically related to PSQ. Conclusions: Sleep quality of children in Beijing should not be neglected, especially preschool children with high PSQ scores. Parents should pay attention to children's snoring problems and try to reduce some pre-sleep behaviors that may affect sleep quality.


Assuntos
Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Pequim , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ronco/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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