Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 530
Filtrar
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(18): 2265-2268, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533357

RESUMO

Novel purine-based iridium complexes were designed for selective determination of ER viscosity. The Ir-PH possessed excellent ER targeting ability and could distinguish the viscosity changes under ER stress by fluorescence lifetime image microscopy (FLIM), which may accelerate the development of relative quantitative detection of microenvironment changes at the subcellular level.

2.
Transpl Immunol ; 65: 101372, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581286

RESUMO

Clinical trials of regulatory T cells (Tregs) have shown that adoptive transfer of Tregs has great promise for the treatment of rejection. However, strategies to improve Treg function are needed in order to enhance their efficacy and reduce the number of Tregs required for adoptive transfer. Autophagy is a process for degrading intracellular components, and it mediates cell death, lymphocyte homeostasis, and Treg function. Studies have shown that the survival and function of Tregs with disrupted autophagy are defective. We found that the autophagic status of Tregs was compromised during acute rejection, allowing us to enhance Treg autophagy by regulating microRNA-146a (miR-146a), which is highly expressed in Tregs and is implicated in their function and metabolism. MiR-146a antagomir-mediated miR-146a knockdown promoted Treg autophagy, as evaluated by Western blot analysis. Further, we evaluated whether altering autophagy affects Treg function in both an in vitro cell coculture model and a heart transplantation model in mice. An increase in autophagy enhanced the inhibitory effects of Tregs on CD4+ T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) in vivo and in vitro. In addition, adoptive transfer of highly autophagic Tregs treated with miR-146a antagomir significantly alleviated rejection. Collectively, these data provide a new method that uses miR-146a knockdown to increase Treg efficacy by increasing autophagy.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e24009, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545996

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Torsion is the most common gynecologic emergency of the adnexal mass occurring during pregnancy. We report the clinical data of a case of twin pregnancy with adnexal torsion after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer, in which the patient underwent surgery for adnexal detorsion and experienced preterm delivery. One child died as a neonate, and the other child was diagnosed with hematological disease, which, to our knowledge, has not been reported previously. We also performed a systematic literature review to increase knowledge of the need for prompt surgical intervention. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 32-year-old pregnant woman, who presented to our center with acute onset of stabbing and non-radiating continuous lower left abdominal pain after urination, of 6 hours duration. DIAGNOSIS: Physical examination revealed that the lower abdominal tenderness was worse on the left side, and there were no signs of peritonitis. Transvaginal ultrasonographic examination indicated a multiloculated left ovary measuring 12.1 × 7.1 cm with sparse blood flow. The size of the largest cyst was 7.2 × 6.6 cm, the right ovary appeared normal, and two live fetuses were seen. INTERVENTIONS: laparoscopy was performed 1.5 hours later, which revealed a cystic and multilocular left ovary with a black purplish surface and thin wall. The left ovary and left fallopian tube had undergone 720° torsion (3 rotations), and detorsion was performed laparoscopy. OUTCOMES: The left adnexa recovered to near normal appearance 20 minutes postoperatively. The patient was discharged from hospital 5 days postsurgery, without complications. Unfortunately, the patient delivered two preterm babies at 30 weeks of gestation. CONCLUSIONS: We should be alert to the possible risk of adnexal torsion in pregnant women after IVF. Adnexal torsion necessitates prompt surgical intervention, detorsion and preserving ovarian function are the main treatment methods. Furthermore, the possibility of recurrence, and pregnancy outcomes for the patient, as well as newborn health, should be considered.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia
4.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534635

RESUMO

Salmonella Enteritidis is an important foodborne pathogen with high prevalence of resistance to cephalosporins, imposing a serious threat to public health. Therefore, a total of 162 Salmonella Enteritidis isolates collected from child patients in China from 2007 to 2017 were characterized for their resistance to cephalosporins and investigated the transmission characteristics of cephalosporin resistance gene. We found that 15 (9.26%) isolates were all resistant to cefalotin (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] ≥512 µg/mL), ceftazidime (MIC 16-128 µg/mL), ceftriaxone (MIC 64 to ≥512 µg/mL), ceftiofur (MIC 64-256 µg/mL), and cefotaxime (MIC 64 to ≥512 µg/mL) with the possession of cephalosporin resistance genes blaCTX-M-55 (n = 13), blaCTX-M-101 (n = 1), and blaCTX-M-153 (n = 1). Molecular typing further revealed that these 15 isolates belonged to sequence type ST11 and shared close pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns, suggesting the possibility of clonal spread in Salmonella Enteritidis interspecies. Furthermore, conjugation experiments were successfully performed in 13 of 15 isolates, and blaCTX-M-55 was present on conjugative plasmids with sizes ranging from 54.7 to 173.4 kb. Compared with recipient Escherichia coli C600, transconjugants conferred elevated MICs for cephalosporins ranging from 2- to 2048-fold. The genetic structure surrounding of blaCTX-M-55 gene in transconjugants were ΔISEcp1-blaCTX-M-55-orf477 (n = 8) and ISEcp1-blaCTX-M-55-orf477 (n = 3), respectively. Taken together, blaCTX-M on the plasmids might contribute to cephalosporin resistance in Salmonella Enteritidis, and conjugative transfer of blaCTX-M-55 might facilitate the spread of cephalosporin resistance in Salmonella Enteritidis. Hence, effective mitigation measurements are needed to reduce the threat caused by cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella Enteritidis to public health.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 37, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous studies demonstrated that the administration of crude Polysaccharide from Panax notoginseng (CPPN) can effectively prolong the lifespan of tumor-bearing mice via boosting the host immune system as well as weak cytotoxicity against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, Neutral Polysaccharide (NPPN) were further purified from crude polysaccharide isolated from panax notoginseng. The effects of NPPN on the immune function and hematopoietic function of mice with low immunity and myelosuppression induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX) were investigated. The effect of NPPN combined with CTX on the tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice and the impact of NPPN on the proliferation of H22 liver cancer cells in vitro were investigated. METHODS: CPPN was obtained by water extraction and alcohol precipitation method, and further purified by DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow ion exchange resin column. NPPN was added to the immunosuppressed with myelosuppression mice induced by CTX. Thymus index, spleen index, lymphocyte proliferation stimulation index by adding of concanavalin A, determination of serum hemolysin, NK cell activity assay, mice carbon clearance experiment, blood count tests were detected. The tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice treated with NPPN combined with CTX was recorded. RESULTS: NPPN and 4 kinds of acid polysaccharide from Panax notoginseng (APPN) were successfully isolated from the CPPN by DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow ion exchange resin column. NPPN inhibited the growth of H22 cells and significantly increase the tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice combined with CTX. The elevation of the cellular and humoral immunity levels as well as a variety of blood count tests indicators of immunosuppressive with myelosuppression mice may contribute to the antitumor activity of NPPN. CONCLUSION: NPPN has a potential antitumor activity for the treatment of liver cancer combined with cyclophosphamide.

6.
J Environ Manage ; 280: 111865, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360742

RESUMO

Wildfire could result in dramatic changes to soil temperatures and environments, with immediate, short- or long-lasting impacts on soil microbes. However, relatively little research has documented how fire disturbance, soil depth, time variation and their interactions affect soil microbial communities in wet conditions. This study investigated a severe wildfire influenced on bacterial and fungal communities at four soil depths (0-5, 5-10, 10-15 and 15-20 cm) after two quarters (with similar precipitation and exactly during the rainy season). Soil sampling was conducted in a burned site relative to an undisturbed contiguous site in the North China artificial Pinus tabulaeformis forest. Results indicated that fire had significant effects on bacterial and fungal richness, diversity, composition and structure, including most impacts on the surface mineral soil (0-5 cm) within the first period post-fire and minor impacts on the subsoils (5-20 cm) up to the second period. The microbial richness and some dominant taxa in the undisturbed soils changed with time and depth, suggesting spatiotemporal variation in soil microbial communities although the effects of rainfall were weakened. These differences in microbes between burned and undisturbed soils were mainly driven by soil pH, whereas organic matter and available potassium mediated the distribution of microbial communities along depth and time, respectively. In addition, fungal community was more sensitive to fire and time than bacterial community but an opposite result was found in depth. Nevertheless, soil microbes showed some signs of adaptation to fire. This work advocate that non-intervention should be considered in the short term after a fire or low-intensity water replenishment in the case of aridity.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Pinus , Incêndios Florestais , China , Florestas , Estações do Ano , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
7.
Biomaterials ; 267: 120481, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189053

RESUMO

The complex blood environment, heterogenic enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, and dense matrix comprise the primary "leakage obstacles" impeding specific accumulation and penetration of nanodrugs against solid tumors, thus forming a key bottleneck for their clinical application. Herein, we present a biomineralization-inspired dasatinib (DAS) nanodrug (CIPHD/DAS) that sequentially permeates all of the abovementioned hindrances for efficient treatment of solid tumors. CIPHD/DAS exhibited a robust hybrid structure constructed from an iRGD-modified hyaluronic acid-deoxycholic acid organic core and a calcium phosphate mineral shell. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrated the mechanism of sequential tumoral infiltration was based on mineral-stiffened blood circulation with decreased premature drug leakage, iRGD-endowed tumor-specific transendothelial transport for "first-order promotion of accumulation" and DAS-mediated restoration of fibrotic stromal homeostasis for "second-order promotion of penetration". Resultantly, CIPHD/DAS showed remarkable distal drug availability in desmoplastic 4T1/CAFs orthotropic mouse models and significantly suppressed tumor growth and metastasis. This optimized strategy with sequential permeabilization of the capital "leakage obstacles" validates a promising paradigm to conquer the "impaired delivery and penetration" associated bottleneck of nanodrugs in the clinical treatment of solid tumors.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295904

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have recently emerged as a new type of prospective photocatalytic material due to their characteristics such as tunable structures, pore modification, crystalline nature with eliminated structural defects, unique semiconductor properties, etc. However, most of these systems also suffer from low activity, high cost, and low visible light utilization. Xanthene dyes are eco-friendly organic dyes used in photocatalysis. They possess the advantages of low cost, low toxicity, and high visible light response; so, they can be directly used as building blocks to fabricate MOF materials or as proper cocatalysts to increase the absorbance of irradiation leading to the construction of a reasonable photocatalytic system. Herein, we have summarized the recent developments in the study of MOFs containing xanthene dyes for photocatalytic applications. The paper can be divided into two sections depending on whether the xanthene dyes are coordinated in the MOF structure: (i) MOFs synergized with xanthene dyes for photocatalytic applications and (ii) MOFs with xanthene dyes incorporated within ligand backbones for photocatalytic applications. Moreover, in this paper, the present challenges and future opportunities in this field are also discussed.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317321

RESUMO

The contamination risks of microorganisms and mycotoxins in low-moisture foods have heightened public concern. Developing novel decontamination technologies to improve the safety of low-moisture foods is of great interest in both economics and public health. This review summarizes the working principles and applications of novel thermal decontamination technologies such as superheated steam, infrared, microwave, and radio-frequency heating as well as extrusion cooking. These methods of decontamination can effectively reduce the microbial load on products and moderately destruct the mycotoxins. Meanwhile, several integrated technologies have been developed that take advantage of synergistic effects to achieve the maximum destruction of contaminants and minimize the deterioration of products. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, Volume 12 is March 2021. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

10.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 329, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308227

RESUMO

AIMS: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, and severe pulmonary edema is one of the characteristics. Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) located on the apical side of alveolar type 2 epithelial (AT2) cells is the primary rate limiting segment in alveolar fluid clearance. Many preclinical studies have revealed that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) based therapy has great therapeutic potential for ALI, while the role of ENaC in this process is rarely known. METHODS: We studied the effects of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs) on the protein/mRNA expression and activity of ENaC in primary mouse AT2 and human H441 cells by co-culture with them, respectively. Moreover, the changes of miRNA-130b in AT2 cells were detected by qRT-PCR, and we studied the involvement of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) and the downstream PI3K/AKT pathway in the miRNA-130b regulation of ENaC. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that BMSCs could increase ENaC protein expression and function, as well as the expression level of miRNA-130b. The dual luciferase target gene assay verified that PTEN was one of the target genes of miR-130b, which showed adverse effects on the protein expression of α/γ-ENaC and PTEN in AT2 cells. Upregulating miR-130b and/or knocking down PTEN resulted in the increase of α/γ-ENaC protein level, and the protein expression of p-AKT/AKT was enhanced by miR-130b. Both α and γ-ENaC protein expressions were increased after AT2 cells were transfected with siPTEN, which could be reversed by the co-administration of PI3K/AKT inhibitor LY294002. CONCLUSION: In summary, miRNA-130b in BMSCs can enhance ENaC at least partially by targeting PTEN and activating PI3K/AKT pathway, which may provide a promising new direction for therapeutic strategy in ALI.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(95): 15080-15083, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206731

RESUMO

Disclosed herein is a counterion additive-switched rhodium-catalyzed cascade triple C-H annulation of 4-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehydes with alkynes, in which six chemical bonds are formed in one-pot. This reaction enables the rapid assembly of diverse polycyclic pyrylium and pyridinium fluorophores, which leads to two specific mitochondria-labeling reagents with low cytotoxicity and superior photostability.

12.
Nanoscale ; 12(43): 22173-22184, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135699

RESUMO

Metastasis is the main cause of treatment failure in breast cancer, and integrated phototheranostics is a promising strategy to achieve both precision theranostics and metastasis inhibition. In this work, a multifunctional phototheranostic nanoprobe composed of chlorin e6 (Ce6)-conjugated and polydopamine (PDA)-coated gold nanostars (AuNSs) was synthesized for simultaneous photoacoustic (PA) imaging, photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Under the irradiation of near infrared laser, AuNSs@PDA showed enhanced photothermal conversion and amplified PA imaging performance, compared with single AuNSs. By the covalent conjugation of Ce6, the AuNSs@PDA-Ce6 nanoprobe showed robust stability and excellent singlet oxygen (1O2) generation ability. Under the combination of PTT/PDT, the AuNSs@PDA-Ce6 nanoprobes significantly reduced the growth of 4T1 tumors and suppressed their lung metastasis. All the results demonstrated the considerable potential of AuNSs@PDA-Ce6 phototheranostic nanoprobes for precision theranostics and metastasis inhibition of breast cancer.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143126

RESUMO

Eucommia ulmoides flavones (EUF) have been demonstrated to attenuate the inflammation and oxidative stress of piglets. This study aimed to test whether EUF could be used as an alternative antibiotic growth promoter to support growth performance and maintain intestinal health in weanling piglets. Weaned piglets (n = 480) were assigned into three groups and fed with a low-protein basal diet (NC), or supplementation with antibiotics (PC) or 0.01% EUF (EUF). Blood, intestinal contents, and intestine were collected on days 15 and 35 after weaning. The results showed the PC and EUF supplementations increased (p < 0.05) body weight on day 35, average daily gain and gain: feed ratio from day 15 to day 35 and day 0 to day 35, whereas decreased (p < 0.05) the diarrhea index of weanling piglets. EUF treatment increased (p < 0.05) jejunal villus height: crypt depth ratio, jejunal and ileal villus height, and population of ileal lactic acid bacteria on day 15 but decreased (p < 0.05) the population of ileal coliform bacteria on day 15 and day 35. These findings indicated the EUF, as the potential alternative to in-feed antibiotic growth promoter, could improve growth performance and intestinal morphology, and decrease colonization of coliform bacteria and diarrhea index in weanling piglets.

14.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105748

RESUMO

In pig livestock, alternatives to in-feed antibiotics are needed to control enteric infections. Plant extracts such as tannins can represent an alternative as a natural source of functional compounds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro digestibility and in vivo effects of oral supplementation of combined chestnut (Ch) and quebracho (Qu) tannins in order to establish if they can induce a positive effect on weaned piglets' performance, metabolic status and fecal parameters. In vitro digestibility (dry matter, DM) of diets was calculated using a multi-step enzymatic technique. In vitro digested diet samples were further tested on an intestinal porcine enterocyte cell line (IPEC-J2). Weaned piglets (n = 120; 28 ± 2 day old) were randomly allotted to two groups (12 pens in total with 10 pigs per pen): control (Ctrl) and treatment (Ch/Qu). After one week of adaptation (day 0), 35-day-old piglets in the Ctrl group were fed a Ctrl diet and the Ch/Qu group were fed with 1.25% Ch/Qu for 40 days. Body weight and feed intake per pen were recorded weekly. At day 40, blood and fecal samples were collected. Principal metabolic parameters were evaluated from blood samples by enzymatic colorimetric analysis. Total phenolic compounds, urea, and ammonia in feces were analyzed (Megazyme International, Bray, Ireland). In vitro digestibility and cell viability assays showed that the inclusion of 1.25% Ch/Qu slightly reduced diet digestibility compared with the Ctrl diet, while intestinal cell viability was not altered with low concentrations of Ch/Qu digesta compared with Ctrl. In vivo results did not show any adverse effects of Ch/Qu on feed intake and growth performance, confirming that dietary inclusion of Ch/Qu at a concentration of 1.25% did not impair animal performance. The decreased diet DM digestibility in the Ch/Qu diet may cause increased serum concentration of albumin (Ctrl: 19.30 ± 0.88; Ch/Qu: 23.05 ± 0.88) and albumin/globulin ratio (Ctrl: 0.58 ± 0.04; Ch/Qu: 0.82 ± 0.04), but decreased creatinine (Ctrl: 78.92 ± 4.18; Ch/Qu: 54.82 ± 4.18) and urea (Ctrl: 2.18 ± 0.19; Ch/Qu: 0.95 ± 0.19) compared with Ctrl. Pigs in the Ch/Qu group contained higher (p < 0.05) concentrations of fecal phenolic compounds and nitrogen than the Ctrl group, while fecal ammonia and urea were not affected by tannins. In conclusion, Ch/Qu tannin supplementation did not influence growth performance. Although lower digestibility was observed in the diet supplemented with Ch/Qu tannins, Ch/Qu supplementation did not show any adverse effect on intestinal epithelial cell viability.

15.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1617, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study is aims to investigate the prevalence and determinants of depression and anxiety among the general population in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-report survey methodology was used to gather the following data from Chinese citizens: sociodemographic information, physical and mental health disorder history, daily online time, social media exposure, feeling toward social media exposure, perception of the disease, infection cases in the local area, and previous experiences with stressful life incidents. Levels of anxiety and depression were self-reported employing the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item scale, respectively. RESULTS: Among the 6130 participants, the prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.1 and 12%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that psychological disturbances were associated with gender, people with religious background, being a medical professional, having physical or mental health disease, difficulty accessing medical aids, experience with traumatic incidents, the perceived possibility of sequelae after being cured of COVID-19, daily online time, the source of the information relevant to COVID-19, frequency of receiving information regarding COVID-19, and negative feelings triggered by social media. CONCLUSIONS: There needs to be a consistent message from authorities to reduce the panic and confusion of the public, and to decrease public exposure to persistently negative information. It is necessary to help people transform their negative experiences into positive changes especially for individuals with physical illness, individuals with mental health disorders, and medical professionals.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
16.
Food Chem ; 341(Pt 2): 128254, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039741

RESUMO

Different chemical states of nitrogen are present in many freshwater and marine ecosystems, and nitrite ions are one of the most toxic water-soluble nitrogen species. Developing an effective and convenient sensing method to constantly detect the concentration of nitrite has become a wide concern. Here, a novel near-infrared fluorescent probe (AAC) was designed and synthesized via the "covalent assembly" principle, showing excellent selectivity and high sensitivity for nitrite. A new nitrite-quantitative method was established with the help of AAC, and the detection limit of nitrite using the new method was as low as 6.7 nM. AAC was successfully applied for the quantitative detection of nitrite in real-world environmental and food samples (including river water and Chinese sauerkraut), and the detection results were essentially identical to the results obtained from the traditional Griess assay. Moreover, AAC was successfully applied for tracking nitrite in Escherichia coli by fluorescence imaging. Since nitrite can have devastating effects, the method established with AAC allowed us to "see" effectively about the water quality, food quality, etc.

17.
Genes Genomics ; 42(12): 1399-1406, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The overexpression of TSLP and DNA methylation in asthma were both risk factors the relationship was not clear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between methylation status of TSLP promoter and mRNA/protein expression in asthmatic airway epithelial cells. METHODS: Human bronchial epithelial cells were cultured in vitro and divided into: Control group, treated with PBS, model group, sensitized with LPS (10 µg/mL) for 12 h (37 °C, 5% CO2). Other groups were cultured with the pCMV3 plasmid (M + NC/pCMV), pGPH1 plasmid (M + NC/pGPH), DNMT1/pCMV3 plasmid (M + DNMT1/pCMV), and DNMT1/pGPH1 plasmid (M + DNMT1/pGPH) for 48 h. The expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 and TSLP were measured using real-time PCR and western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, TSLP mRNA (1.00 ± 0.00 vs. 2.82 ± 0.81 vs. 1, P < 0.001) and protein (1.07 ± 0.04 vs. 1.46 ± 0.11, P < 0.01) were significantly greater, and the methylation of promoter was lower (92.75 ± 1.26 vs. 58.57 ± 3.34, P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, TSLP mRNA (2.82 ± 0.81 vs. 1.17 ± 0.10, P < 0.001) decreased, but TSLP promoter methylation increased (58.57 ± 3.34 vs. 92.58 ± 7.30, P < 0.05) in M + DNMT1/pCMV. TSLP mRNA and protein were higher (2.82 ± 0.81 vs. 5.32 ± 0.21, P < 0.001; 1.46 ± 0.11 vs. 1.94 ± 0.11, respectively, P < 0.01), TSLP promoter methylation was lower (58.57 ± 3.34 vs. 33.57 ± 4.29, P < 0.05) in M + DNMT1/pGPH. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of TSLP in asthmatic airway epithelial cells may be regulated by DNA demethylation.

18.
J Biotechnol ; 324: 91-98, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010308

RESUMO

Enzymes, which provide more efficient and eco-friendly strategies for various functional molecules' construction than traditional chemo-catalysts, were utilized for the synthesis of 4H-pyrimido[2,1-b] benzothiazole derivatives. Reported herein is a trypsin-catalysed three- component Biginelli reaction of aldehyde, ß-ketoester and 2-amino benzothiazole in one pot, affording a streamlined pathway to diverse ring-fused pyrimidines. In addition to using commercially available aromatic aldehydes as substrates, acetaldehyde, the chemical liquid with rather low boiling point and difficult to handle above room temperature, is utilized to further extend the range of substrates. It was verified that most of the tested substrates exhibited satisfactory reactivity. In addition, several substrates indicated AIE (Aggregation-Induced Emission) property and have been investigated as potential biomarkers.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16994, 2020 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046727

RESUMO

Herbivorous insects use plant volatile compounds to find their host plants for feeding and egg deposition. The monophagous beetle Agasicles hygrophila uses a volatile (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonanetriene (DMNT) to recognize its host plant Alternanthera philoxeroides. Alternanthera philoxeroides releases DMNT in response to A. hygrophila attack and nerolidol synthase (NES) is a key enzyme in DMNT biosynthesis; however, the effect of A. hygrophila on NES expression remains unclear. In this study, the A. philoxeroides transcriptome was sequenced and six putative NES genes belonging to the terpene synthase-g family were characterized. The expression of these NES genes was assayed at different times following A. hygrophila contact, feeding or mechanical wounding. Results showed that A. hygrophila contact and feeding induced NES expression more rapidly and more intensely than mechanical wounding alone. This may account for a large release of DMNT following A. hygrophila feeding in a previous study and subsequently facilitate A. hygrophila to find host plants. Our research provides a powerful genetic platform for studying invasive plants and lays the foundation for further elucidating the molecular mechanisms of the interaction between A. philoxeroides and its specialist A. hygrophila.

20.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867648

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miRNA/miR) is a class of small evolutionarily conserved non-coding RNA, which can inhibit the target gene expression at post-transcriptional level and serve as significant roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, migration and apoptosis. Of note, the aberrant miR-21 has been involved in the generation and development of multiple lung diseases, and identified as a candidate of biomarker, therapeutic target, or indicator of prognosis. MiR-21 relieves acute lung injury via depressing the PTEN/Foxo1-TLR4/NF-κB signaling cascade,where as promotes lung cancer cell growth, metastasis, and chemo/radio-resistance by decreasing the expression of PTEN and PDCD4 and promoting the PI3K/AKT transduction.The purpose of this review is to elucidate the potential mechanisms of miR-21 associated lung diseases, with an emphasis on its dual regulating effects, which will trigger novel paradigms in the molecular therapy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...