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1.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-10, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644707

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is not clear whether serum uric acid (SUA) levels and their changes over time are associated with the risk of stroke. A 7-year prospective cohort study in northwest China was conducted to analyze effects of SUA and their changes on the risk of stroke. METHODS: A total of 23,262 individuals without cardiovascular disease in the Jinchang cohort were followed up for an average of 5.26 years. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of stroke incidence to SUA and relative changes in SUA. Sensitivity analysis was performed after controlling the effect of renal insufficiency. RESULTS: Baseline SUA and relative changes in SUA were positively correlated with the incidence of stroke in both males and females (p for overall association <0.0001). Stroke risk increased by 4.6% per 10% increase in the relative change of SUA (HR = 1.046, 95% CI, 1.007-1.086). The fully adjusted regression analysis demonstrated that only the large gain (>30%) in SUA was associated with an increased risk of stroke by 36.5% (95% CI, 1.8-83.0%), compared with the reference group (participants within ±10% changes in SUA). The same trend was observed in people with normal baseline SUA. In the unadjusted model, the risk of stroke associated with elevated SUA was significantly higher in the hyperuricemia group than in the normal SUA group. CONCLUSION: High initial SUA concentration and an increase in SUA concentration over time would increase the risk of stroke, and this means that there is no safe increase in SUA.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 50(38): 13216-13219, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523633

RESUMO

A new beryllium-free zincoborate, BaZn3(BO3)2F2, with a KBBF-type structure has been synthesized for the first time. The electrostatic force of interaction in BaZn3(BO3)2F2 provides better linkage in neighboring [ZnBO3F]∞ single layers. BaZn3(BO3)2F2 is the first case of borates with both [ZnO3F] tetrahedra and [ZnO6] octahedra, enriching the structural chemistry of borate system. All the coplanar [BO3] triangles align in the same direction with a high density, which endows BaZn3(BO3)2F2 with a large birefringence of cal. 0.076 at 1064 nm. This work is of great significance to design beryllium-free borates with a KBBF-type structure.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120388, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555695

RESUMO

The spectroscopic parameters and anharmonic force fields of three isomers (c-H2C3O, HCCCHO and CH2CCO) of C3H2O have been calculated by Density Functional Theory (B3LYP, CAM-B3LYP, wB97XD) and second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) combining with 6-311++G (3df, 3pd) and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets. The equilibrium geometries, energies, rotational constants, harmonic and fundamental frequencies, and centrifugal distortion constants of three isomers of C3H2O are calculated and compared with the existed results. The anharmonic constants, vibration-rotation interaction constants, Coriolis coupling constants and force constants of three isomers of C3H2O are firstly predicted. The ingredients of complex vibration modes, and infrared spectral characteristics of three isomers as well as the relationship between structure and spectroscopic properties are detailedly discussed.

4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 283, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the clinical value of miR-135 and miR-20a combined with multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). METHOD: A total of 146 patients with GC admitted to our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 were selected and enrolled in the GC group. Another 103 patients with gastritis received in the same period were selected for the non-GC group. Besides, 95 healthy subjects who received physical examination in our hospital were selected into the healthy control group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of serum miR-135 and miR-20a for each group. MDCT was used for detecting the clinical staging map of the enrolled patients. Pearson's correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between serum miR-135 and miR-20a in patients with GC. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze value of miR-135 and miR-20a in the diagnosis of GC. RESULTS: Compared with non-GC group and healthy control group, the levels of serum miR-135 and miR-20a increased significantly in the GC group, while no significant difference was found between non-GC group and healthy control group (P > 0.05). Analysis of the relationship with clinical characteristics showed that the expression of serum miR-135 and miR-20a in the GC group was significantly correlated with the progression of GC, TNM stage, degrees of differentiation, status of lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis (P < 0.01). Pearson's correlation analysis results showed positive correlations between miR-135 and miR-20a (r = 0.634, P = 0.000). The ROC analysis results showed that the optimal diagnostic values of miR-135 and miR-20a for GC were 7.56 and 5.82 respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.873 and 0.793 respectively. The 95% confidence interval (CI) was 0.811-0.935 and 0.697-0.890 respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of miR-135 and miR-20a combined with MDCT in the diagnosis of GC were 90.41% and 93.20% respectively. The sensitivity of combined use was significantly higher than that of single detection (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: There are high expression levels of serum miR-135 and miR-20a in patients with GC. A combined detection of miR-135 and miR-20a with MDCT can improve the diagnostic sensitivity of GC and improve the accuracy of the final diagnosis. Therefore, multiple combined detection is valuable in the diagnosis of GC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Gástricas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
5.
Anim Nutr ; 7(3): 841-848, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466688

RESUMO

The microbiome in gastrointestinal tracts play an important role in regulating nutrient utilization and absorption, gut immune function, and host growth or development. This study was conducted to investigate the composition and dynamic distribution of caecal microbiota in pullets during the first 16 weeks. Growth performance, immune organs index, and intestinal morphology of pullets were analyzed at 3, 6, 12 and 16 weeks of age. The caecal contents were collected for microbiota analysis by 16S rRNA gene sequencing method. With advancing ages in pullets, the gradually increased average daily feed intake (ADFI), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and intestinal villus height, but the gradually decreased organs index of thymus and bursa were determined. Meanwhile, more abundant caecal bacterial communities were determined from pullets at 12 and 16 weeks of age than those at 3 and 6 weeks of age. Furthermore, the dominant microflora of pullets from different weeks of age were analyzed by using LEfSe: The higher abundance of Blautia, Prevotella, Alistipes, and Eggerthella were found at 6 weeks; Anaerostipes, Oscillospira, Enterococcus and Methanobrevibacter were determined at 12 weeks; and the higher abundance of Parabacteroides, Anaerofustis, Lactobacillus and Butyricimonas were determined at 16 weeks. Further functional predicted analysis by PICRUSt revealed that the endocrine system and carbohydrate metabolism were significantly developed at 3 weeks. The development of the immune system was predicted to be mainly during 6 to 12 weeks, while cardiovascular diseases and circulatory system were during 12 to 16 weeks. In addition, the significantly negative correlation between Bacteroides and villus height, the significantly negative correlation between growth parameters (ADFI and FCR) and Bacteroides, Oscillospira and Alistipes; and the significantly positive relations between growth parameters (ADFI and FCR) and Bilophila, Lactobacillus, Rikenella and Anaerofustis were determined by using Pearson analyses. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that growth performance and intestinal morphology correlate well with caecal microbiota, which could provide new insights to establish or develop nutritional strategies to manage the intestinal health or development of laying pullets.

6.
Phytother Res ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533242

RESUMO

Rosamultin, a major bioactive constituent from Potentilla anserine L., has antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities. However, its protective effects on cisplatin-induced acute renal injury and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this work, rosamultin could enhance the viability of HEK293 cells treated by cisplatin. In vivo experiment showed that rosamultin effectively decreased kidney index, reduced blood urea nitrogen level, decreased urinary protein excretion, and ameliorated the histopathological damage and fibrosis of renal tissue induced by cisplatin. Besides, rosamultin showed no obvious toxicity in mice. SILAC-based quantitative proteomic analysis identified 4,461 proteins and eight proteins including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) were markedly decreased in cisplatin-treated HEK293 cells when exposed to rosamultin. Biochemical experiments further discovered that rosamultin could inhibit p38 and JNK activation, and downregulate the levels of CHOP and proteins in its upstream PERK-eIF2α-ATF4 signaling pathway stimulated by cisplatin or tunicamycin. At the same time, rosamultin reduced the generation of intracellular ROS induced by cisplatin and enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, GSH, and CAT. Moreover, rosamultin markedly suppressed the expression of CHOP, apoptosis-associated proteins, and activation of p38 and JNK in renal tissue. These findings suggest that rosamultin might be a potential protectant against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

7.
BMC Fam Pract ; 22(1): 171, 2021 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "5 + 3" residency training is the main stream general practitioner training program in China. However, a competency model is absent for evaluating the clinical competence attained by general practitioners after training. This study was conducted to develop a consensus set of competencies for general practitioners after standardized residency training in China. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was deployed to develop the competency model, including two stages: (1) generation of an initial set of competencies derived from literature review, behavioral observation of GP-patient consultations, and critical incidents interview of GPs; (2) a 2-round, web-based Delphi survey of experts in general practice, selected using purposive sampling, to prioritize and gain consensus on the essential competencies of GPs. RESULTS: From literature review, behavioral observation, and critical incidents interview, 46 competencies in 7 domains were identified. After two rounds of Delphi survey of 28 participants (the mean age was 47.9 [9.3] years and 64.3% were women) representing a range of health professionals (GPs, managers, and researchers), a consensus was reached on 50 competencies categorized into 7 domains. CONCLUSION: A consensus-based competency model for general practitioners in China has been identified which may be used to evaluate the general practitioners' clinical competence after standardized training.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais , Internato e Residência , Criança , China , Competência Clínica , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos
8.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 317, 2021 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the characteristics of basal thyroid hormone levels in infertile women consulting for assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Serum TSH, FT3 and FT4 levels of women seeking ART consultation were tested routinely. Analyses were performed based on age and sampling time. One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test was used to compare the continuous data among the groups, and the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to compare categorical data where appropriate. RESULTS: A total of 6426 women were initially included in the study. After exclusion criteria were applied, the remaining 4126 women were categorized into different groups. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism significantly decreased with age and sampling time, from 21.09 to 11.91% and from 28.57 to 10.67%, respectively (P < 0.001, respectively). Mean serum TSH, FT3, and FT4 levels decreased significantly with age (P = 0.017, < 0.001, < 0.001, respectively). In the context of sampling time, TSH levels from early in the morning were significantly higher (P < 0.001), while FT4 and FT3 levels were similar in different groups (P = 0.258, 0.300, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism significantly decreased with increasing age and sampling time, as did the serum TSH levels. Even though, the establishment of reference interval of TSH level based on age or sampling time was not recommended. Full consideration of age and sampling time should be carefully taken before initiation of treatment.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Tri-Iodotironina
9.
Adv Mater ; 33(40): e2103751, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402532

RESUMO

Particle-like magnetic textures with nanometric sizes, such as skyrmions, are potentially suitable for designing high-efficiency information bits in future spintronics devices. In general, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions and dipolar interactions are the dominant factors for generating nonlinear spin configurations. However, to stabilize the topological skyrmions, an external magnetic field is usually required. In this study, the spontaneous emergence of skyrmions is directly observed, together with the unique successive topological domain evolution during the spin reorientation transition in a neodymium-cobalt (NdCo5 ) rare-earth magnet. On decreasing the temperature, nanometric skyrmion lattices evolve into enclosed in-plane domains (EIPDs) similar to mini bar-magnets with size below 120 nm. The internal magnetization rotates with magnetic anisotropy, demonstrating the ability to manipulate the mini bar-magnets. The nanoscale EIPD lattices remain robust over the wide temperature range of 241-167 K, indicating the possibility of high-density in-plane magnetic information storage. The generation of spontaneous magnetic skyrmions and the successive domain transformation in the traditional NdCo5 rare-earth magnet may prompt application exploration for topological magnetic spin textures with novel physical mechanisms in versatile magnets.

10.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 679597, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368026

RESUMO

Background: D-Bifunctional protein deficiency (D-BPD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by peroxisomal ß-oxidation defects. According to the different activities of 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase protein units, D-bifunctional protein defects can be divided into four types. The typical symptoms include hypotonia and seizures. The gene that encodes D-BP was HSD17B4, which is located in chromosome 5q23.1. Case Presentation: We report the first case of D-BPD in a Chinese patient with neonatal onset. Cosmetic malformations, severe hypotonia and seizures are prominent. The blood bile acid profile showed increased taurocholic acid, glycocholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid. Very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) revealed significant increases in hexacosanoic acid (C26:0), tetracosanoic acid/docosanoic acid (C24:0/C22:0), and hexacosanoic acid/docosanoic acid (C26:0/C22:0). Cranial MRI revealed bilateral hemispheric and callosal dysplasia, with schizencephaly in the right hemisphere. EEG showed loss of sleep-wake cycle and epileptiform discharge. Other examinations include abnormal brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) and temporal pigmented spots on the optic disc in the right eye. After analysis by whole-exome sequencing, heterozygous c.972+1G>T in the paternal allele and c.727T>A (p.W243R) in the maternal allele were discovered. He was treated with respiratory support, formula nasogastric feeding, and antiepileptic therapy during hospitalization and died at home due to food refusal and respiratory failure at the age of 5 months. Conclusions: Whole-exome sequencing should be performed in time to confirm the diagnosis when the newborn presents hypotonia, seizures, and associated cosmetic malformations. There is still a lack of effective radical treatment. Supportive care is the main treatment, aiming at controlling symptoms of central nervous system like seizures and improving nutrition and growth. The disease has a poor outcome, and infants often die of respiratory failure within 2 years of age. In addition, heterozygous deletion variant c.972+1G>T and missense mutations c.727T>A (p.W243R) are newly discovered pathogenic variants that deserve further study.

11.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 12(1): 86, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many researches about in ovo feeding (IOF) of vitamin C (VC) are gradually carried out to explore physiological development in chicken, but little studies focus on VC synthesis capacity of the embryo itself, the selection of injection site and the effectiveness of IOF of VC. This study aims to explore the above problems. RESULTS: Kidney and yolk sac were the main organs for VC synthesis and L-gulonolactone oxidase (GLO) expression was lower during pre-hatch development than that during post-hatch development. Sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter 1 (SVCT1) expression was increased continuously in yolk sac from embryonic age 19 (E19) to post-hatch day 1 (D1) and in intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) from E17 to D1. Plasma VC content was higher at D1 than that at D21 and D42. IOF of VC significantly reduced GLO expression in liver, kidney and yolk sac as well as SVCT1 expression in duodenum, jejunum and ileum, but increased the VC content in plasma, brain, kidney and liver. In addition, IOF of VC obviously reduced the embryonic morality and increased the hatchability under heat stress. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that IOF of VC at E11 in yolk was effective for embryonic VC supplementation. These findings provide a theoretical reference about the method of embryonic VC supplementation and effective methodology on embryonic VC nutrition in broiler chickens.

12.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 693818, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381799

RESUMO

Background: Frailty is one of the most important global health challenges. We aimed to examine the associations between frequency of intellectual and social activities and frailty among community-dwelling older adults in China. Methods: This is a prospective analysis of older adults (aged ≥60 years) who had intellectual and social activity data and were free of frailty from the national representative China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The exposure was frequency of intellectual and social activities. Frailty was measured by the frailty index (FI) and defined as FI ≥ 0.25. Frailty incidents were followed up for 2 years. We estimated the relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using log-linear binominal regression adjusting for potential confounders. Results: We documented 655 frailty cases over the past 2 years. Participants who had frequent intellectual activities had a lower frailty risk compared with participants who did not have intellectual activity (adjusted RR = 0.65, 95%CI = 0.47-0.90). The adjusted RRs were 0.51 (95%CI = 0.33-0.77) for participants who did not have a slip or a fall accident and 1.06 (95%CI = 0.65-1.75) for participants who had experienced slip and fall accidents (P = 0.01 for interaction). Having frequent social activities was not associated with a significant decrease in frailty risk compared with participants who did not have social activity (adjusted RR = 0.93, 95%CI = 0.78-1.12). Conclusions: This observational study showed that having frequent intellectual activities was associated with a decreased frailty risk. The association was likely to be stronger in participants without a slip or a fall accident. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm this observational finding.

13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 384, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: C. sinensis is an important economic crop with fluoride over-accumulation in its leaves, which poses a serious threat to human health due to its leaf consumption as tea. Recently, our study has indicated that cell wall proteins (CWPs) probably play a vital role in fluoride accumulation/detoxification in C. sinensis. However, there has been a lack in CWP identification and characterization up to now. This study is aimed to characterize cell wall proteome of C. sinensis leaves and to develop more CWPs related to stress response. A strategy of combined cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics was employed to investigate CWPs. CWPs were extracted by sequential salt buffers, while N-glycoproteins were enriched by hydrophilic interaction chromatography method using C. sinensis leaves as a material. Afterwards all the proteins were subjected to UPLC-MS/MS analysis. RESULTS: A total of 501 CWPs and 195 CWPs were identified respectively by cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics profiling with 118 CWPs in common. Notably, N-glycoproteomics is a feasible method for CWP identification, and it can enhance CWP coverage. Among identified CWPs, proteins acting on cell wall polysaccharides constitute the largest functional class, most of which might be involved in cell wall structure remodeling. The second largest functional class mainly encompass various proteases related to CWP turnover and maturation. Oxidoreductases represent the third largest functional class, most of which (especially Class III peroxidases) participate in defense response. As expected, identified CWPs are mainly related to plant cell wall formation and defense response. CONCLUSION: This was the first large-scale investigation of CWPs in C. sinensis through cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics. Our results not only provide a database for further research on CWPs, but also an insight into cell wall formation and defense response in C. sinensis.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Parede Celular/química , Fluoretos/análise , Glicoproteínas/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , China , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Proteômica
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(31): 16551-16563, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338704

RESUMO

We report a computational study on vibronic effects in the spectroscopy, photoinduced processes and decay back to the ground state of aza[7]helicene, a helicene with an unusually high fluorescence quantum yield (QY = 0.39). In a first step, we compute and assign the absorption and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra in its full frequency range from 2.7 to 5.0 eV, accounting for nonadiabatic effects. Then we compute the quantum dynamics of the cascade of ultrafast internal conversions of the highly-excited singlet states to the lowest-energy one S1. Finally we adopt Fermi golden rule rates to compute the QY of the dye, taking into account the competition between the radiative decay and the nonradiative decays to the ground state and to the energy-accessible triplet states. We use time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT), including solvent (dichloromethane) effects within the polarizable continuum model, to parameterize a linear vibronic coupling (LVC) model involving the first lowest 12 singlet states and all the normal coordinates. Nonadiabatic spectra and internal conversions dynamics are then computed through wavepacket propagations with the Multilayer (ML) extension of the Multiconfigurational Time Dependent Hartree method (ML-MCTDH). We highlight the molecular vibrations playing a major role in determining the shape of the spectra and analyse the effect of inter-state couplings. At the same time we report a breakdown of perturbative Herzberg-Teller approach. The computed QY is in perfect agreement with experiment and allows us to ascertain that intersystem crossings are the processes limiting the fluorescence from S1. They involve the three lowest triplet states and are made effective by spin-orbit coupling and vibronic effects.

15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 166: 668-676, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214777

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is an essential element for human health and an important nutrient for plant growth. Selenite is the main form of Se available to plants in acidic soils. Previous studies have shown that phosphate transporters (PTHs) participate in selenite uptake in plants. Research on the PHT gene family is therefore vital for production of Se-rich products. Here, 23 CsPHT genes were identified in the tea (Camellia sinensis) genome and renamed based on homology with AtPHT genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. The CsPHT genes were divided into four subfamilies: PHT1, PHT3, PHT4, and PHO, containing nine, three, six, and five genes, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that fewer duplication events occurred in tea plants than in A. thaliana, rice, apple, and poplar. Genes in the same subfamily tended to share similar gene structures, conserved motifs, and potential functions. CsPHT genes were differentially expressed in various tissues and in roots under different Se levels, suggesting key roles in selenite uptake, translocation, and homeostasis. The results illuminate the contributions of CsPHT genes to selenite supply in tea plants, and lay a foundation for follow-up studies on their potential functions in this plant species.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Camellia sinensis/genética , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Família , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ácido Selenioso , Chá
16.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 42(14): 4750-4761, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232552

RESUMO

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have revealed distinct white matter (WM) characteristics of the brain following diseases. Beyond the lesion-symptom maps, stroke is characterized by extensive structural and functional alterations of brain areas remote to local lesions. Here, we further investigated the structural changes over a global level by using DTI data of 10 ischemic stroke patients showing motor impairment due to basal ganglia lesions and 11 healthy controls. DTI data were processed to obtain fractional anisotropy (FA) maps, and multivariate pattern analysis was used to explore brain regions that play an important role in classification based on FA maps. The WM structural network was constructed by the deterministic fiber-tracking approach. In comparison with the controls, the stroke patients showed FA reductions in the perilesional basal ganglia, brainstem, and bilateral frontal lobes. Using network-based statistics, we found a significant reduction in the WM subnetwork in stroke patients. We identified the patterns of WM degeneration affecting brain areas remote to the lesions, revealing the abnormal organization of the structural network in stroke patients, which may be helpful in understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying hemiplegia.

17.
Virol J ; 18(1): 157, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The numbers of confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and COVID-19 related deaths are still increasing, so it is very important to determine the risk factors of COVID-19. Dyslipidemia is a common complication in patients with COVID-19, but the association of dyslipidemia with the severity and mortality of COVID-19 is still unclear. The aim of this study is to analyze the potential association of dyslipidemia with the severity and mortality of COVID-19. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library databases for all relevant studies up to August 24, 2020. All the articles published were retrieved without language restriction. All analysis was performed using Stata 13.1 software and Mantel-Haenszel formula with fixed effects models was used to compare the differences between studies. The Newcastle Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. RESULTS: Twenty-eight studies involving 12,995 COVID-19 patients were included in the meta-analysis, which was consisted of 26 cohort studies and 2 case-control studies. Dyslipidemia was associated with the severity of COVID-19 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-1.44, P = 0.038, I2 = 39.8%). Further, patients with dyslipidemia had a 2.13-fold increased risk of death compared to patients without dyslipidemia (95% CI 1.84-2.47, P = 0.001, I2 = 66.4%). CONCLUSIONS: The results proved that dyslipidemia is associated with increased severity and mortality of COVID-19. Therefore, we should monitor blood lipids and administer active treatments in COVID-19 patients with dyslipidemia to reduce the severity and mortality.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Dislipidemias/patologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , COVID-19/mortalidade , Dislipidemias/mortalidade , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 569: 199-206, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271259

RESUMO

The NSD proteins, namely NSD1, NSD2 and NSD3, are lysine methyltransferases, which catalyze mono- and di-methylation of histone H3K36. They are multi-domain proteins, including two PWWP domains (PWWP1 and PWWP2) separated by some other domains. These proteins act as potent oncoproteins and are implicated in various cancers. However the biological functions of these PWWP domains are still largely unknown. To better understand the functions of these proteins' PWWP domains, we cloned, expressed and purified all the PWWP domains of these NSD proteins to characterize their interactions with methylated histone peptides and dsDNA by quantitative binding assays and crystallographic analysis. Our studies indicate that all these PWWP domains except NSD1_PWWP1 bind to trimethylated H3K36, H3K79 peptides and dsDNA weakly. Our crystal structures uncover that the NDS3_PWWP2 and NSD2_PWWP1 domains, which hold an extremely long α-helix and α-helix bundle, respectively, need a conformation adjustment to interact with nucleosome.

19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321612

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major pathogens of human hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). EV71 efficiently escapes innate immunity responses of the host to cause infection. At present, no effective antiviral drugs for EV71 are available. Anemoside B4 (B4) is a natural saponin isolated from the roots of Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge) Regel. P. chinensis extracts that shows a wide variety of biological activities. In this study, we investigated the antiviral activities of B4 against EV71 both in cell culture and in suckling mice. We showed that B4 (12.5-200 µM) dose dependently increased the viability of EV71-infected RD cells with an IC50 value of 24.95 ± 0.05 µM against EV71. The antiviral activity of B4 was associated with enhanced interferon (IFN)-ß response, since knockdown of IFN-ß abolished its antiviral activity. We also confirmed that the enhanced IFN response was mediated via activation of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) like receptors (RLRs) pathway, and it was executed by upregulation of 14-3-3 protein, which disrupted the interaction between yes-associated protein (YAP) and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3). By using amino acids in cell culture (SILAC)-based proteomics profiling, we identified the Hippo pathway as the top-ranking functional cluster in B4-treated EV71-infected cells. In vivo experiments were conducted in suckling mice (2-day-old) infected with EV71 and subsequently B4 (200 mg · kg-1 · d-1, i.p.) was administered for 16 days. We showed that B4 administration effectively suppressed EV71 replication and improved muscle inflammation and limb activity. Meanwhile, B4 administration regulated the expressions of HFMD biomarkers IL-10 and IFN-γ, attenuating complications of EV71 infection. Collectively, our results suggest that B4 could enhance the antiviral effect of IFN-ß by orchestrating Hippo and RLRs pathway, and B4 would be a potential lead compound for developing an anti-EV71 drug.

20.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 3007-3016, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234530

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Neonatal meningitis (NM) caused by Escherichia coli remains a major health problem in industrialized countries. Currently, information on the epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of NM in developing countries such as China is relatively scarce. Therefore, the present study investigated changes in the antimicrobial susceptibility of E. coli causing NM in a perinatal center in eastern China over the past 20 years. Methods: This survey was conducted during three periods: 2001-2006, 2007-2012, and 2013-2020. NM was diagnosed according to the number of white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the presence of a single potential pathogenic bacterium in the culture prepared from the blood or CSF of a newborn baby. Changes in the antimicrobial susceptibility of E. coli were analyzed. Results: In total, 182 NM cases were identified. E. coli was identified in 69 of these cases, and in 21 of these cases, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production was detected. E. coli was the main cause of NM identified in this study. The overall susceptibility of E. coli to third-generation cephalosporins such as cefotaxime decreased from 100% during 2001-2006 to 50% during 2007-2012 and, subsequently, increased to 71.0% during 2013-2020. This pattern of change is correlated with bacterial ESBL production. Only 8.3% of E. coli found in samples collected from infants with early onset meningitis (EOM) produced ESBL, while 37.3% of E. coli isolated from children with late-onset meningitis (LOM) produced ESBL. Conclusion: E. coli remains the primary pathogen of NM. Compared with that isolated from infants with LOM, the percentage of ESBL-producing multidrug-resistant E. coli isolated from infants with EOM is significantly lower. Clinicians should consider this trend when determining appropriate and effective antibiotics as empirical treatment for NM.

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