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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115345, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590868

RESUMO

Chitin is the second most abundant natural polysaccharide with biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioactivity. Homogeneous modification of chitin is an efficient way to improve or to impart new properties to chitin. Here, amide-modified ß-chitin (AMC), hydroxyethyl ß-chitin (HEC), and hydroxybutyl ß-chitin (HBC) through Michael addition, Williamson reaction, and ring-opening addition, were homogeneously synthesized from aqueous KOH/urea solution, respectively, with controlled structures and uniform properties. The reactions mainly occur at the hydroxyl groups of C-6 positions of ß-chitin chains due to mild conditions, and the obtained ß-chitin derivatives with high DS values are water-soluble. AMC could transform from sol to gel at acidic condition or upon adding Fe3+ due to the presence of partial carboxylate groups. As a specific highlight, HEC and HBC could thermally form smart hydrogels at physiological temperature, with cytocompatibility and blood biocompatibility, which is very useful as drug/ cell carriers for biomedical applications. The remarkably mild and "green" condition of aqueous KOH/urea solution for the synthesis of chitin derivatives has pioneered a better way to exploit its great diversity of the natural, sustainable polysaccharide.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0222760, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Information on healthcare costs in low-and-middle-income countries is limited. This study presents a framework to perform healthcare cost estimates for each province in China. METHODS: This study has two aims. Using cervical cancer as an example, the first aim is to use data (including micro-costing data) from one province to derive estimates for other provinces in China. This used provincial and national Chinese-language statistical reports and considered levels of service delivery, hospital-seeking behaviour, and the urban/rural population distribution. The second aim is to characterise the relationship between the reference costs estimated using the method mentioned above and two sets of cost estimates derived using simplified cost-scaling method with per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and the Human Development Index (HDI). For simplified methods, regression modelling characterised the relationship between province-specific healthcare costs and macro-economic indicators, then we used the exponential fit to extrapolate costs. RESULTS: Using the reference method, the estimated costs were found to vary substantially by urban/rural regions and between provinces; the ratios of highest to lowest provincial costs were 3.5 for visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), 4.4 for cold knife conisation (CKC) and 4.6 for stage II cancer treatment. The HDI-based scaling method generally resulted in a better fit to reference costs than the GDP method. CONCLUSIONS: These reference costs for cervical cancer can inform cost-effectiveness evaluation of cervical screening and HPV vaccination in China. HDI-based methods for cost-scaling-based on social, as well as purely economic, factors-have potential to provide more accurate estimates.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1010-1014, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child with developmental delay and congenital syndactyly. METHODS: G-banding chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were performed on peripheral blood sample from the child. RESULTS: The child was ascertained as 46, XY, r(18)[52]/45,XY,?18[3]. A 18q21.32-q23 deletion was identified by CMA with a size of 19.85 Mb, which has encompassed 99 genes including CTDP1, TXNL4A, TSHZ1, PIGN, RTTN, TNFRSF11A, KDSR and CYB5A. CONCLUSION: Clinical phenotype of the patient with ring chromosome 18 is associated with the size of the euchromatin loss and involved genes. As a useful complement to conventional karyotyping, CMA has provided an powerful tool for delineating complex chromosomal aberrations.

4.
Environ Microbiol ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599077

RESUMO

Clearance and adaptation to reactive oxygen species (ROS) are crucial for cell survival. As in other eukaryotes, the Neurospora catalases are the main enzymes responsible for ROS clearance and their expression are tightly regulated by the growth and environmental conditions. The RNA polymerase II carboxyl terminal domain (RNAPII CTD) kinase complex (CTK complex) is known as a positive elongation factor for many inducible genes by releasing paused RNAPII near the transcription start site and promoting transcription elongation. However, here we show that deletion of CTK complex components in Neurospora led to high CAT-3 expression level and resistance to H2 O2 -induced ROS stress. The catalytic activity of CTK-1 is required for such a response. On the other hand, CTK-1 overexpression led to decreased expression of CAT-3. ChIP assays shows that CTK-1 phosphorylates the RNAPII CTD at Ser2 residues in the cat-3 ORF region during transcription elongation and deletion of CTK-1 led to dramatic decreases of SET-2 recruitment and H3K36me3 modification. As a result, histones at the cat-3 locus become hyperacetylated to promote its transcription. Together, these results demonstrate that the CTK complex is negative regulator of cat-3 expression by affecting its chromatin structure. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Biol Reprod ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566218

RESUMO

Astaxanthin (AST), a natural antioxidant carotenoid, has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects. However, to our knowledge, no study has specifically addressed the potential protective effects of AST against bovine endometritis. The purpose of this study was to examine whether treatment with AST could protect endometrial epithelial cells against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury. Treatment of bovine endometrial epithelial cell line (BEND) with AST reduced LPS-induced production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), increased the cellular activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), decreased the proportion of apoptotic cells, and promoted the production of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and epithelial growth factor (EGF). The effects of AST were mediated through the downregulation of Bcl-2 associated X, apoptosis regulator (Bax), and cleaved caspase-3 and through the upregulation of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). Moreover, AST significantly increased the expression of the tight junction proteins claudin, cadherin-1 (CDH1), and tight junction protein 1 (TJP1), which play an essential role in the maintenance of host endometrial defense barrier against pathogen infection. Collectively, these results demonstrated that treatment with AST protected against oxidative stress, prevented cell apoptosis, promoted BEND cells viability, and increased the production of growth factors, in addition to activating the endometrial defense barrier. Therefore, AST is a promising therapeutic agent for the prevention and treatment of endometritis. This finding is of utmost importance in the present times when the excessive use of antibiotics has resulted in the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

6.
Neurosci Lett ; : 134535, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586698

RESUMO

The Schizophrenia Psychiatric GWAS Consortium (PGC) has identified the rs1625579 polymorphism in the MIR137 gene, which encodes miR-137, as the strongest new association with schizophrenia in the European population. However, whether the influence of rs1625579 on schizophrenia in the Asian population is consistent with these results remains unclear. A total of 21 studies (9878 schizophrenic patients and 9447 control subjects) that met the inclusion criteria were included in our meta-analysis. Pooled analysis, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias were performed. The T allele, TT genotype and TT + GG genotype were associated with schizophrenia as risk factors. Subgroup analysis shows that no heterogeneity existed in the European and Asian populations. Our meta-analysis found that the rs1625579 polymorphism in the MIR137 gene was associated with the risk of schizophrenia. The current findings provide a reference for case-control studies of schizophrenia in the future.

7.
Theranostics ; 9(22): 6676-6689, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588243

RESUMO

Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP3) are a major endogenous inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) that inhibit tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. In this study, we found that TIMP3 expression is associated with positive prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) clinicopathologically. Therefore, we developed a series of arylsulfonamide derivatives as TIMP3 inducers in order to define potential colorectal cancer therapeutic agent. Among these, MPT0B390 was selected for anti-tumor, anti-metastasis, and anti-angiogenesis property determination. Methods: The relationship between TIMP3 expression and clinical pathological features in colorectal patients and cell lines were determined by immunohistochemistry, bioinformatics analysis and western blotting. The anti-tumor function was validated by using MTT, apoptosis pathway detection and in vivo xenograft model for tumor growth inhibition determination. The anti-metastatic function was validated using a transwell migration assay, and using in vivo lung metastasis and liver metastasis models. The mechanism of MPT0B390-induced TIMP3 expression was further tested using qPCR and Chromatin IP assay. The anti-angiogenesis function was examined by using transwell migration assay, and in vivo Matrigel plug assay. Results: After screening candidate compounds, we identified MPT0B390 as an effective inducer of TIMP3. We showed that MPT0B390 induces TIMP3 expression significantly and inhibits CRC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. By inducing TIMP3 expression, MPT0B390 can also exert its anti-metastasis effect to inhibit CRC cell migration and invasion and downregulates migration markers such as uPA, uPAR, and c-Met. Subsequent Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that MPT0B390 can significantly inhibit EZH2 expression as well as its binding to TIMP3 promoter region to regulate TIMP3 induction. In addition to the anti-tumor and anti-metastasis capability, MPT0B390 can also induce TIMP3 expression in endothelial cells to inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Conclusion: These data suggest the potential therapeutic applications of the TIMP3 inducer, MPT0B390, for colorectal cancer treatment.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577736

RESUMO

There has been a steady increase in the incidence of signet ring cell (SRC) carcinoma, a distinct histological type with cells containing abundant intracytoplasmic mucin. We aimed to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic value of patients with SRC gastric cancer (GC) who underwent gastrectomy.Clinical data of 10,312 GC patients who underwent D2 radical gastrectomy were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and were retrospectively analyzed. X-tile plots were constructed to illustrate the optimal cut-off points using the minimum P-value from the log-rank Chi-squared test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for the analysis of the overall cumulative probability of survival. Their differences were evaluated using the log-rank test. The Cox multiple factors analysis was performed using the logistic regression method.In total, 946 (9.17%) SRC GC patients with pT1a-4bN0-3bM0 stage cancer were recruited. The optimal cut-off point for size was 49 mm. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates of the SRC GC, large-size, and small-size groups were 35.89%, 30.63%, and 44.96%, respectively (P < .05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that tumor size (odds ratio [OR] = 2.032), T3 category (OR = 1.324), T4a category (OR = 1.945), and T4b category (OR = 2.163) were independent hazard prognostic factors.SRC GC has a distinct biological behavior, presents as a large-sized tumor (≥49 mm), and is associated with worse outcomes. SRC GC patients have 2.032 times risk of mortality. SRC patients with larger tumors are at higher risk for infiltrative growth, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17461, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577776

RESUMO

Antidiabetic medications are commonly used around the world, but their safety is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether long-term use of insulin and oral antidiabetic medications is associated with cancer risk.We conducted a well-designed case-control study using 12 years of data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database and investigated the association between antidiabetic medication use and cancer risk over 20 years. We identified 42,500 patients diagnosed with cancer and calculated each patient's exposure to antidiabetic drugs during the study period. We matched cancer and noncancer subjects matched 1:6 by age, gender, and index date, and used Cox proportional hazard regression and conditional logistic regression, adjusted for potential confounding factors, that is, medications and comorbid diseases that could influence cancer risk during study period.Pioglitazone (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.38); and insulin and its analogs for injection, intermediate or long acting combined with fast acting (AOR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.05-1.43) were significantly associated with a higher cancer risk. However, metformin (AOR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.93-1.07), glibenclamide (AOR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.92-1.05), acarbose (AOR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.96-1.16), and others do not show evidence of association with cancer risk. Moreover, the risk for specific cancers among antidiabetic users as compared with nonantidiabetic medication users was significantly increased for pancreas cancer (by 45%), liver cancer (by 32%), and lung cancer (by 18%).Antidiabetic drugs do not seem to be associated with an increased cancer risk incidence except for pioglitazone, insulin and its analogs for injection, intermediate or long acting combined with fast acting.

10.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578601

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate resting state functional connectivity alterations within the main brain networks in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and their associations with disease duration, disability and cognitive dysfunction progression. METHODS: Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), clinical and neuropsychological evaluations were obtained from 41 NMOSD patients and 41 healthy controls. Seed-voxel functional connectivity was analyzed in seven major hubs, including the default mode network, dorsal attention network, visual network, sensorimotor network, cerebellar network, thalamic network and reward-emotion network. Abnormalities of functional connectivity and correlations with disease duration, scores of the expanded disability status scale (EDSS), mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) were further explored. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, NMOSD patients showed increased functional connectivity in the default mode network, dorsal attention network and thalamic network, while decreased in the visual network and cerebellum networks. At the regional level, increased functional connectivity involved the right superior temporal gyrus, left fusiform gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, bilateral middle frontal gyrus and right precuneus, whereas functional connectivity was decreased in the right parahippocampal gyrus and left precuneus. Functional connectivity reduction in the right parahippocampal gyrus positively correlated with disease duration (r = 0.488, p = 0.001) and negatively correlated with MoCA scores (r = -0.330, p = 0.035). CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated functional alterations in the rs-fMRI of NMOSD, which provide a novel insight into the large-scale selective functional reorganization and could be useful to reveal the characteristics of the physiological mechanism.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578820

RESUMO

SARI (suppressor of AP-1, regulated by IFN) impaired tumour growth by promoting apoptosis and inhibiting cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis in various cancers. However, the role of SARI in regulating tumour-associated inflammation microenvironment is still elusive. In our study, the colitis-dependent and -independent primary model were established in SARI deficiency mice and immuno-reconstructive mice to investigate the functional role of SARI in regulating tumour-associated inflammation microenvironment and primary colon cancer formation. The results have shown that SARI deficiency promotes colitis-associated cancer (CAC) development only in the presence of colon inflammation. SARI inhibited tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) infiltration in colon tissues, and SARI deficiency in bone marrow cells has no observed role in the promotion of intestinal tumorigenesis. Mechanism investigations indicated that SARI down-regulates p-STAT1 and STAT1 expression in colon cancer cells, following inhibition of MCP-1/CCR2 axis activation during CAC development. Inverse correlations between SARI expression and macrophage infiltration, MCP-1 expression and p-STAT1 expression were also demonstrated in colon malignant tissues. Collectively, our results prove the inhibition role of SARI in colon cancer formation through regulating TAM infiltration.

12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 226: 115302, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582049

RESUMO

Hydrogels could be promising wound healing dressings that maintain a moist environment in the wound site and accelerate wound healing. However, the lack of antibacterial effect, suitable mechanical property and adhesiveness limits their applications. Here, we designed a quaternized chitosan-Matrigel-polyacrylamide (QCS-M-PAM) hydrogel with multi-functions. The morphology, swelling ratio, mechanical test, antimicrobial property, hemostatic performance and biocompatibility of the hybrid hydrogel were investigated in vitro and vivo. The hybrid hydrogel showed a three-dimensional (3D) microporous structure, high swelling ratio, excellent stretchable and compressive property, similar modulus to human skin, good adhesiveness, and low cytotoxicity. The results of histology and molecular testing in vivo demonstrated that the hybrid hydrogel could significantly enhance wound healing, collagen deposition, and induce skin adnexal regeneration by upregulating anti-inflammatory factors, and downregulating proinflammatory factors. Together, the present antibacterial hydrogels with hemostatic and adhesive properties are considered to have promising potential used as wound dressings for full-thickness skin defect.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589803

RESUMO

We introduce the direct ionic substitution strategy of generating strongly electron-accepting ionic motifs and showcase its utility by synthesizing and characterizing a series of ionic azaquinodimethane (iAQM) compounds. The facile introduction of cationic substituents onto the quinoidal para-azaquinodimethane (AQM) core gives rise to a strongly electron-accepting building block, which can be readily employed in the synthesis of ionic small molecules and conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs). A succinct synthesis utilizing low-cost reagents affords a wide variety of functionality in these mixed aromatic-quinoidal systems that are otherwise difficult to access. Electrochemical measurements alongside theoretical calculations indicate notably low-lying LUMO values for the iAQM species. The optical band gaps measured for these compounds are highly tunable based on structure-ranging from 2.30 eV in small molecules down to 1.22 eV in polymers. The iAQM small molecules and CPEs showcase the effects of combining the donor-acceptor strategy and the bond-length alternation reduction strategy of band gap reduction. To make use of their notable optical properties, the application of the iAQM CPEs as active agents in photothermal therapy was also demonstrated.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; : 109437, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590992

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs) and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy are two main promising methods of immunotherapy, which have become increasingly important in cancer treatment. After the wider application of these medicine in clinic, a range of immune related adverse events (irAEs) covering almost any system arouse the concern for being randomness and unpredictability. Even if most adverse events are mild and controllable after thoughtful management, the occurrence of life-threatening toxicities should not be ignored because of the insidious and atypical symptoms, which makes the early diagnosis even more challenging. In this review, a brief introduction of immunotherapy and mechanisms underlying irAEs is involved. We mainly focus on the early diagnostic method and recommended management of toxicities of different systems separately, and consequently maximized effectiveness of immunotherapy can be achieved.

16.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 7557-7566, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Owing to the increased incidence of photodermatosis caused by ultraviolet light in recent years, it is necessary to clarify the mechanisms potential photodamage to the skin and reveal possible therapeutic targets. Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is well known for suppressing apoptosis. The aim of present study was to elucidate possible photoprotective mechanism between Hsp27 and p21 on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced photodamage. MATERIAL AND METHODS The Hsp27 gene was interfered to assess the expression of its downstream effectors, cell apoptosis, and cell proliferation ability. The cell apoptosis was tested using flow cytometry method. The cell proliferation ability was tested using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The expression of protein was tested using western-blotting method. The expression of mRNA was detected using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The subcellular localization was elucidated using immunofluorescence. RESULTS Hsp27 knockdown decreased cell viability and increased the incidence of UVB-induced apoptosis. Compared with control group, activation of phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt)-dependent pathway resulted in the nuclear accumulation of p21 and suppression of cell proliferation, while promoting apoptosis in Hsp27 knockdown group. In addition, Hsp27 knockdown increased p53 expression and the Bax: Bcl-2 ratio, which further accelerated the apoptotic process. CONCLUSIONS These findings complemented the mechanism of skin photodamage and demonstrated the photoprotective mechanisms of Hsp27 in HaCaT cells, which might implicate a potential therapeutic target of photodamage and photodermatosis.

17.
Nanoscale ; 11(39): 18052-18064, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576876

RESUMO

Nanomaterials hold promise for the delivery of nucleic acids to facilitate gene therapy in cardiac diseases. However, as much of the in vivo study of nanomaterials was conducted via the "trial and error" method, the understanding of the nanomaterial-mediated delivery in cardiac tissue was limited to the gross efficiency in manipulating the gene expression while little was known about the delivery process and mechanism in particular at the cell level. In this study, small interfering RNA (siRNA) nanoparticles formulated with a polyamidoamine (PAMAM) nanomaterial were applied to the injured heart of zebrafish. The distribution of nanoparticles in cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, macrophages and leukocytes was quantitatively analyzed with precision at the cell level by using transgenic models. Based on the distribution characteristics, gene silencing effects in a specific group of cells were analyzed to illustrate how siRNA nanoparticles could get potent gene silencing in different cells in vivo. The results elucidated the heterogeneous distribution of siRNA nanoparticles and how nanoparticles could be efficient despite the significant difference in cellular uptake efficiency in different cells. It demonstrated a paradigm and the need to decouple cellular processes to understand nanoparticle-mediated delivery in complex tissue and the investigation/methodology may lead to important information to guide the design of advanced targeted drug-delivery systems in heart.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3049-3054, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602852

RESUMO

The contents of terrestrosin D and hecogenin from Tribuli Fructus were determined before and after stir-frying. The results showed that the content of terrestrosin D was decreased significantly,and the content of hecogenin was increased significantly after such processing. In order to verify the inference that terrestrosin D was converted to hecogenin by stir-frying,the quantitative variation rules of terrestrosin D and hecogenin were studied by simulated processing technology,and the simulated processing product of terrestrosin D was qualitatively characterized by ultra performance liquid chromatography/time of flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-TOF/MS) to clarify its transformation process during stir-frying. The results showed that the content of terrestrosin D was decreased significantly at first and then a platform stage appeared with the prolongation of processing time at a certain temperature. Raising the stir-frying temperature could further decrease the content of terrestrosin D and delay the time that the platform stage appeared. When the processing was simulated at higher temperatures( 220 ℃ and 240 ℃),the content of hecogenin was increased gradually with the increase of processing temperature and the prolongation of processing time. In the process of stir-frying,the deglycosylation reaction of terrestrosin D to hecogenin was not completed in one step. The deglycosylation reaction occurred first at the end of the sugar chain,and then other glycosyl units in the sugar chain were sequentially removed from the outside to the inside to finally form the hecogenin. This study provides a basis for further revealing the detoxification mechanism of stir-fried Tribuli Fructus.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3711-3717, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602943

RESUMO

In this paper,the fingerprint of different varieties of chrysanthemum were established with " Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Medica" and the content of chlorogenic acid,galuteolin and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in 29 batches of different varieties of chrysanthemum in Futianhe town,Huangtugang town and Wuhan city were compared. At the same time,similarity evaluation and common peak clustering analysis were carried out. There were 11 common peaks in the fingerprints of 29 batches of different varieties of chrysanthemum,and the similarity ranged from 0. 802 to 0. 975. Hangju and Gongju were divided into one group by cluster analysis,and Huangju into another category. The established fingerprint method provides a basis for the identification of chrysanthemum cultivars. The content of 29 batches of chlorogenic acid was between 4. 092 and 11. 723 mg·g-1,luteolin was between 1. 010 and 11. 713 mg·g-1,and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid was between 8. 828 and 33. 435 mg·g-1,both reach the pharmacopoeia standard,but the effective components of different varieties of chrysanthemum were quite different. Based on the contents of three active ingredients and the diversity of fingerprint peaks,the quality of the characteristic germplasm resource of local Fubaijuin Macheng is superior,and the protection of local characteristic germplasm resource should be strengthened in production.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 294: 122188, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569044

RESUMO

In this work, wrapped granular activated carbon (GAC) and acclimated sludge were employed to enhance the efficiency of the dry anaerobic digestion of swine manure in semi-continuous tests. The addition of wrapped GAC increased the volumetric biogas production rate by 10.6%, and the removal efficiencies of TS and VS were enhanced by 5.3% and 6.6%, respectively. The concentration of total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) was 30.3% lower in the GAC reactor, but the total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) content was 15.3% higher. Inoculating with acclimated sludge helped the system survive unfavorable conditions, where the TAN and TVFA contents were around 5,200 mg/L and 8,800 mg/L, respectively, but it failed to improve the biogas production efficiency. The mechanisms that allowed GAC to increase the production of biogas were related to the improved hydrolysis process, enhanced microbial adhesion, the provision of electronic bridges, and enrichment of functional microorganism.

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