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1.
Small ; 17(40): e2102470, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480417

RESUMO

Tumor cells adapt to excessive oxidative stress by actuating reactive oxygen species (ROS)-defensing system, leading to a resistance to oxidation therapy. In this work, self-delivery photodynamic synergists (designated as PhotoSyn) are developed for oxidative damage amplified tumor therapy. Specifically, PhotoSyn are fabricated by the self-assembly of chlorine e6 (Ce6) and TH588 through π-π stacking and hydrophobic interactions. Without additional carriers, nanoscale PhotoSyn possess an extremely high drug loading rate (up to 100%) and they are found to be fairly stable in aqueous phase with a uniform size distribution. Intravenously injected PhotoSyn prefer to accumulate at tumor sites for effective cellular uptake. More importantly, TH588-mediated MTH1 inhibition could destroy the ROS-defensing system of tumor cells by preventing the elimination of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-dG), thereby exacerbating the oxidative DNA damage induced by the photodynamic therapy (PDT) of Ce6 under light irradiation. As a consequence, PhotoSyn exhibit enhanced photo toxicity and a significant antitumor effect. This amplified oxidative damage strategy improves the PDT efficiency with a reduced side effect by increasing the lethality of ROS without generating superabundant ROS, which would provide a new insight for developing self-delivery nanoplatforms in photodynamic tumor therapy in clinic.

2.
Neurol Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533101

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) and to evaluate the involvement of inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in the potential mechanism. METHOD: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups. The hind limb locomotor function of rats was evaluated at 1, 3 and 7 days after the operation. At 7 days after the operation, spinal cord specimens were obtained for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Nissl and TUNEL staining, as well as immunofluorescence and Western blot analyses to detect the level of apoptosis and the levels of proteins related to ER stress. RESULTS: 7 days after the operation, Dex treatment promoted the recovery and also inhibited apoptosis of neurons in the spinal cord. Additionally, Dexinhibited the expression of proteins related to ER stress response after spinal cord injury. CONCLUSIONS: Dex improves the neurological function of rats with TSCI and reduces apoptosis of spinal cord neurons. The potential mechanism is related to the inhibition of the ER stress response.

3.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(12): e2100198, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938637

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) often suffers from the exacerbated tumor hypoxia and the heterogeneous distribution of photosensitizers, leading to an inefficient ROS productivity and availability. In this work, a mitochondria targeted O2 economizer (designated as Mito-OxE) is developed to improve PDT efficiency by alleviating tumor hypoxia and enhancing the subcellular localization of photosensitizers. Specifically, the photosensitizer of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is modified with the hydrophilic polyethylene glycol and the lipophilic cation of triphenylphosphine (TPP) to fabricate the biocompatible mitochondria targeted photosensitizers (designated as Mito-PSs). And Mito-OxE is prepared by using Mito-PSs to load the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation inhibitors of atovaquone (ATO). Benefiting from the targeting capability of TPP, Mito-OxE can selectively accumulate in mitochondria after cellular uptake. Subsequently, the mitochondrial respiration would be suppressed to with the participation of ATO, resulting in a local hypoxia mitigation for enhanced PDT. Compared with Mito-PSs, Mito-OxE maximizes the therapeutic effect against hypoxic tumors under light irradiation. This design of mitochondria targeted O2 economizer would advance the development of targeted drug delivery system for effective PDT regardless of hypoxic microenvironment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Hipóxia Tumoral
4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 586973, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762934

RESUMO

It is widely accepted that genetic polymorphisms impact atorvastatin (ATV) metabolism, clinical efficacy, and adverse events. The objectives of this study were to identify novel genetic variants influencing ATV metabolism and outcomes in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 1079 CAD patients were enrolled and followed for 5 years. DNA from the blood and human liver tissue samples were genotyped using either Global Screening Array-24 v1.0 BeadChip or HumanOmniZhongHua-8 BeadChip. Concentrations of ATV and its metabolites in plasma and liver samples were determined using a verified ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method. The patients carrying A allele for the rs4148323 polymorphism (UGT1A1) showed an increase in 2-hydroxy ATV/ATV ratio (p = 1.69E-07, false discovery rate [FDR] = 8.66E-03) relative to the value in individuals without the variant allele. The result was further validated by an independent cohort comprising an additional 222 CAD patients (p = 1.08E-07). Moreover, the rs4148323 A allele was associated with an increased risk of death (hazard ratio [HR] 1.774; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.031-3.052; p = 0.0198). In conclusion, our results suggested that the UGT1A1 rs4148323 A allele was associated with increased 2-hydroxy ATV formation and was a significant death risk factor in Chinese patients with CAD.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236625

RESUMO

Self-delivery of photosensitizer and immune modulator to tumor site is highly recommendable to improve the photodynamic immunotherapy yet remains challenging. Herein, self-delivery photoimmune stimulators (designated as iPSs) are developed for photodynamic sensitized tumor immunotherapy. Carrier-free iPSs are constructed by optimizing the noncovalent interactions between the pure drugs of chlorine e6 (Ce6) and NLG919, which avoid the excipients-raised toxicity and immunogenicity. Intravenously administrated iPSs prefer to passively accumulate on tumor tissues for a robust photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the induction of immunogenetic cell death (ICD) cascade to activate cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and initiate antitumor immune response. Meanwhile, the concomitant delivery of NLG919 inhibits the activation of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1) to reverse the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Ultimately, the photodynamic sensitized immunotherapy with iPSs efficiently inhibit the primary and distant tumor growth with a low system toxicity, which would shed light on the development of self-delivery nanomedicine for clinical transformation in tumor precision therapy.

6.
Front Immunol ; 11: 580378, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123166

RESUMO

Neuropeptide Y (NPY), which is widely distributed in the nervous system, is involved in regulating a variety of biological processes, including food intake, energy metabolism, and emotional expression. However, emerging evidence points to NPY also as a critical transmitter between the nervous system and immune system, as well as a mediator produced and released by immune cells. In vivo and in vitro studies based on gene-editing techniques and specific NPY receptor agonists and antagonists have demonstrated that NPY is responsible for multifarious direct modulations on immune cells by acting on NPY receptors. Moreover, via the central or peripheral nervous system, NPY is closely connected to body temperature regulation, obesity development, glucose metabolism, and emotional expression, which are all immunomodulatory factors for the immune system. In this review, we focus on the direct role of NPY in immune cells and particularly discuss its indirect impact on the immune response.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal/imunologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Neuropeptídeo Y/imunologia , Obesidade/imunologia , Animais , Metabolismo Energético , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade , Imunomodulação
7.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 116: 104521, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858006

RESUMO

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common head and neck cancer with high mortality in developing countries. A comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms of tumor progression in laryngeal cancer is needed for new treatment strategies. MicroRNA-29a has been emerged as a critical miRNA in various cancers, and shown to regulate multiple oncogenic processes. In this study, we investigated the tumor suppressive role of miRNA-29a in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. We performed cell-based functional analysis after overexpression of miR-29a in AMC-HN-8 and HEP2 cells in vitro. It turned out that ectopic expression of miR-29a significantly inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and migration in two LSCC cell lines (AMC-HN-8 and Hep2) in vitro. Further downstream target analysis by western blotting and luciferease reporter assay showed that overexpression of miR-29a significantly downregulated expression of STAT3, and STAT3 is a putative direct target of miR-29a in LSCC. In addition, the tumor suppressive function of miR-29a can be abrogated by forced expression of STAT3. Taken together, our data suggest that miR-29a functions as a tumor suppressor through targeting STAT3 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
8.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 675, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536863

RESUMO

The selection of optimum statin intensity is inconclusive, and the association of plasma exposure of statins and metabolites with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) is unclear. This study sought to compare the effect of low (quartile 1), intermediate (quartiles 2 and 3), and high (quartile 4) plasma exposure of statins and metabolites on MACE, re-ischemia events and death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at 5 years. A total of 1,644 patients in atorvastatin (AT) cohort and 804 patients in rosuvastatin (RST) cohort were included, and their plasma concentration of statins and metabolites was categorized as low-, mid-, or high-group. The association between the plasma levels of statins and metabolites and the incidence of primary endpoint in patients was assessed by Cox proportional hazard models. Intensive AT exposure (Q4 > 5.32 ng/ml) was significantly associated with increased risk of death compared with low (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.522; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.035-1.061; P = 0.0022) or moderate exposure (HR: 2.054; 95% CI: 1.348-3.130; P = 0.0008). This association was also found in AT's five metabolites (all P < 0.01). In patients with RST treatment, moderate RST concentration (0.53-4.29 ng/ml) versus low concentration had a significantly lower risk of MACE and re-ischemia events. (HR: 0.532, 95% CI: 0.347-0.815, P = 0.0061 and HR: 0.505, 95% CI: 0.310-0.823, P = 0.0061, respectively). A higher plasma exposure of AT and metabolites has a significantly higher risk of death, and moderate RST exposure has a significantly lower risk of MACE and re-ischemia events in Chinese patients with CAD. The harms of high plasma exposure should be considered when prescribing statins to patients because it may be a risk factor for having poor prognosis in patients with CAD.

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(4): 492-499, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950617

RESUMO

Myotoxicity is a significant factor contributing to the poor adherence and reduced effectiveness in the treatment of statins. Genetic variations and high drug plasma exposure are considered as critique causes for statin-induced myopathy (SIM). This study aims to explore the sequential influences of rosuvastatin (RST) pharmacokinetic and myopathy-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the plasma exposure to RST and its metabolites: rosuvastatin lactone (RSTL) and N-desmethyl rosuvastatin (DM-RST), and further on RST-induced myopathy. A total of 758 Chinese patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled and followed up SIM incidents for 2 years. The plasma concentrations of RST and its metabolites were determined through a validated ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method. Nine SNPs in six genes were genotyped by using the Sequenom MassArray iPlex platform. Results revealed that ABCG2 rs2231142 variations were highly associated with the plasma concentrations of RST, RSTL, and DM-RST (Padj < 0.01, FDR < 0.05). CYP2C9 rs1057910 significantly affected the DM-RST concentration (Padj < 0.01, FDR < 0.05). SLCO1B1 rs4149056 variant allele was significantly associated with high SIM risk (OR: 1.741, 95% CI: 1.180-2.568, P = 0.0052, FDR = 0.0468). Glycine amidinotransferase (GATM) rs9806699 was marginally associated with SIM incidents (OR: 0.617, 95% CI: 0.406-0.939, P = 0.0240, FDR = 0.0960). The plasma concentrations of RST and its metabolites were not significantly different between the SIM (n = 51) and control groups (n = 707) (all P > 0.05). In conclusion, SLCO1B1 and GATM genetic variants are potential biomarkers for predicting RST-induced myopathy, and their effects on SIM are unrelated to the high plasma exposure of RST and its metabolites.


Assuntos
Amidinotransferases/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Transportador 1 de Ânion Orgânico Específico do Fígado/genética , Doenças Musculares/induzido quimicamente , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/sangue , Amidinotransferases/sangue , Amidinotransferases/metabolismo , China , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Variação Genética , Humanos , Transportador 1 de Ânion Orgânico Específico do Fígado/sangue , Transportador 1 de Ânion Orgânico Específico do Fígado/metabolismo , Doenças Musculares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/metabolismo , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/farmacocinética
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 28(11): 990-3, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19213340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy and safety of Chinese drugs for expelling evil-wind, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and invigorating yin in treating active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with active RA were randomized into 3 groups, the Group A, B and C. They were made coequal in terms of age, sex and condition of disease and treated respectively with basic treatment (non-steroid anti-inflammation drug combined with immune inhibitor) only, basic treatment + small dose prednisone, and basic treatment + Chinese herbal medicine, all for 8 weeks. The efficacy and adverse effects of treatment were analyzed by scoring. RESULTS: The total effective rate was 20.0% (4/20) in Group A, 810% (17/21) in Group B and 85.7% (18/21) in Group C, the latter two were superior to the former one (P <0.01). Before treatment, comparison of disease activity score (DAS) among the three groups showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). After treatment, improvements of Ritchie arthritis index (RAI), number of swollen joint, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), general health (GH), and DAS were shown in Group B and C (P <0.05), while in Group A, improvement was only shown in GH (P <0.05). The difference of DAS between pre- and post-treatment was 0.25 +/- 0.77 in Group A, 0.87 +/- 0.60 in Group B and 0.92 +/- 0.59 in Group C, showing statistical significance between Group A vs B and A vs C (P = 0.0000). The total accumulative score of adverse reaction was 3.76 +/- 2.72 in Group C, 9.10 +/- 6.01 in Group A and 14.38 +/- 9.36 in Group B, also showing statistical significance among groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The combination of Chinese and Western medicine for active RA is effective and safe.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
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