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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(1): 33-6, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of warm acupuncture combined with yoga posture method in the treatment of periarthritis with frozen period. METHODS: Ninety patients with periarthritis who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into a control group 1, a control group 2 and an observation group, 30 cases in each group. Warm acupuncture was applied in the control group 1 (Jianzhen (SI 9), Jianyu (LI 15), Jianliao (TE 14), etc were selected), yoga posture method was applied in the control group 2, warm acupuncture combined with yoga posture method were given in the observation group, the treatment was given once a day, 10 times as a course with 2 days between courses and continuous for 2 courses. After 2 courses of treatment, the shoulder joint pain score and shoulder function grading were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy, and the clinical efficacy was observed. RESULTS: ①The pain scores of the three groups were significantly lower after treatment (all P<0.01), and scores in the observation group was better than that in the control group 1 and the control group 2 (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the control group 1 and the control group 2 (P>0.05). ②After treatment, the functional classification of shoulder joints were significantly improved in the three groups (all P<0.01), and the functional classification of shoulder joint in the observation group and the control group 2 were better than that in the control group 1 (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the observation group and the control group 2 (P>0.05). ③After 2 courses of treatment, the effective rate of the observation group was 86.7% (26/30), which was better than 70.0% (21/30) in the control group 1 and 76.7% (23/30) in the control group 2 (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Warm acupuncture combined with yoga posture method can effectively relieve shoulder pain and improve dysfunction. The clinical comprehensive effect is better than simple acupuncture and yoga posture method.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Periartrite , Ioga , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Periartrite/terapia , Postura , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(10): 3825-31, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24364299

RESUMO

To investigate the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) pollution status, sediment samples were collected from major rivers in northeast China. Contents of 41 PBDEs congeners in sediments were measured using GC-NCI-MS. BDE209 was not detected, measured level of total PBDEs (excluding BDE209) ranged from 0.91 to 17.67 ng.g-1 dry weight, the highest concentrations of PBDEs were detected in the sediment samples from upstream and downstream of Jilin City in the Second Songhua River Basin, with 15.86 and 17.67 ng.g-1. BDE207 and BDE47 were the predominant PBDE congeners, with their concentrations accounting for 86. 5% and 76. 6% of the total PBDEs concentration measured in the samples. Each congener content difference was not obvious in other river sediments. PBDEs levels monitored in the present study were compared to those reported recently for districts located at home and abroad, and with ecological risk analysis. PBDEs content is at a low level in sediments of Northeast China River Basin and there is no ecological risk.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Medição de Risco
3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(3): 1094-100, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23745419

RESUMO

Three tropical forest soils were collected from Haikou, Qionghai and Tunchang in Hainan Island. Soil particle size fractionations were conducted using the standard dry-sieving procedure. Distribution of heavy metals in bulk samples and particle size fractions was determined by ICP-MS. The distribution characteristics and the response to organic carbon and iron were discussed. The results showed that the distribution of heavy metals was highly associated with the particle size fractions and variable patterns were found, which decreased with the increasing size. The accumulation of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Cd was predominantly contributed by the particles finer than < 53 microm in diameter, whereas As mainly accumulated in particle size of 53-1 000 microm. Generally, the microaggregate (< 250 microm) contributed 14.38%-65.04% of heavy metals to the contents in bulk soil and the silt-clay aggregates (< 53 microm) contributed 2.61% -32.01%. The content of heavy metals except for As and Cd and Pb in Haikou soil in these different size fractions were controlled by the organic carbon and iron contents, which increased with the decreasing particle size.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Tamanho da Partícula , Solo/química , Clima Tropical
4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 33(10): 3434-42, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23233970

RESUMO

In order to find out the distribution, source and pollution situation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments of Songhua River basin, GC-ECD and GC-MS were used to determine the PCBs contents in sediments of Songhua River basin. Regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines (SQG) and the potential ecological risk index (Er) were utilized to evaluate the ecological risk of PCBs in the sediments. The results showed that 2-10 PCBs congeners were detected in the sediments. The total contents of PCBs varied from 0.83 ng x g(-1) to 125.53 ng x g(-1) in sediments of Songhua river basin, 0.83-4.44 ng x g(-1) for Nen River, 12.44-125.53 ng x g(-1) for Second Songhua River, and 1.74-6.25 ng x g(-1) for the mainstream of Songhua River. The highest level of PCBs was detected in sediments of Second Songhua River, which mainly came from pollution sources which are related with industrial products such as paint, insulation materials and the like, and were distributed along the river. While in other rivers, the dominant PCB was Dichlorobiphenyl, which mainly came from the atmospheric deposition. Risk assessment using three methods (EPA, SQG and Er) showed that PCBs in the sediment of the Second Songhua River has already reached the medium to high level of contamination, and PCBs in sediments of other rivers has no ecological risks at the moment.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Ecossistema , Medição de Risco , Rios/química
5.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 87(2): 175-9, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21614446

RESUMO

For the valid use of urban land and the safety of public health, an extensive contamination survey of organochlorine pesticides from five soil cores was conducted in the highly urbanized areas of Beijing in China. For topsoils in five soil cores, level of ∑HCHs and ∑DDTs varied from 0.174 to 4,783 ng g(-1) and 0.62 to 57,849 ng g(-1), respectively. The profile in topsoil of cores displayed that levels of pollutants in four soil cores from the urban areas with dense population are higher than that from outskirts. The depth characteristics of pollutants indicated that the level of ∑HCHs and ∑DDTs in BY and WU was close to/below the background value of soil in China (50 ng g(-1)), but those in some soil samples from A, B and ZX core, especially A and B, was above the threshold value for the soil safety (1,000 ng g(-1)). In views of the usage history of the land and profiles of contaminants, the source in A and B probably came from the dumped waste chemical materials in the old chemical factories. The study of soil cores sampled revealed the existence of chemical "time bomb" in urban regions of Beijing. Also, the finding indicated the absolute necessity of assessing the soil quality with the unprecedented land use changes in the big city community.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Inseticidas/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Solo/análise
6.
Chemosphere ; 75(5): 588-94, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19237185

RESUMO

As one of China's great metropolises, Taiyuan is generally recognized to be one of the most polluted cities in the world. It is affected by pollution from heavy industries, and from organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). In this study, we measured the concentrations of OCPs in various environmental media in Taiyuan. We measured the levels of OCPs in 15 soil samples and 34 samples of respirable particulate matter (PM) (17 of PM(2.5) and 17 of PM(10)) from urban areas of Taiyuan. Analysis of the composition ratios of OCP residues revealed that dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) were the predominant compounds in soil, PM(2.5) and PM(10). The total DDT concentrations were 1.8-1.0x10(2)ngg(-1) in soil, 6.5-1.0x10(3)pgm(-3) in PM(2.5), and 8.5-1.5x10(3)pgm(-3) in PM(10). The total HCH concentrations were 1.4-45ngg(-1) in soil, 5.2-8.0x10(2)pgm(-3) in PM(2.5), and 9.6-8.7x10(2)pgm(-3) in PM(10). Furthermore, source analysis indicated that there was new input of OCPs at some sites. Finally, analysis of the individual OCPs revealed that new OCP contamination was the major problem in Taiyuan. This study suggests that measures should be taken to reduce the levels of OCP residues in order to improve the environmental quality in Taiyuan.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Cidades , DDT/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hexaclorocicloexano/análise
7.
Chemosphere ; 74(11): 1477-84, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19111889

RESUMO

As one of China's great metropolises, Taiyuan is affected by heavy chemical industry and manufacture of chemical products, and faces pollution from polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the PCB concentrations in various environmental media in Taiyuan. We collected 15 soil samples, 34 respirable particulate matter (PM) samples (17 of PM(2.5) and 17 of PM(10)) from urban areas of Taiyuan, and measured a total of 144 PCB congeners (including some coeluting PCB congeners). The total PCB concentrations were 51-4.7 x 10(3) pg g(-1) in soil, 27-1.4 x 10(2) pg m(-3) in PM(2.5) and 16-1.9 x 10(2) pg m(-3) in PM(10). Of the PCB homologues, the dominant PCBs detected in the various media were all tri-CBs. Soil was relatively the most polluted media. Furthermore, principal-component analysis revealed that the major PCB source in Taiyuan may be associated with the main commercial PCB through long-range transmission. Toxic equivalency (TEQ) concentrations (based on ten dioxin-like PCBs) ranged from N.D. to 5.9 x 10(-3) pg-WHO TEQ g(-1) in soil, 2.0 x 10(-4)-3.4 x 10(-3)pg-WHO TEQ m(-3) and 1.0 x 10(-4)-1.2 x 10(-3) pg-WHO TEQ m(-3) in PM(2.5) and PM(10), respectively. In previous studies, PCBs were not a severe component of contaminant in Taiyuan; however, this study suggested there is a potential threat of human exposure to PCBs for residents of Taiyuan.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Solo/análise
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