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1.
Anal Chem ; 93(45): 15096-15104, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726389

RESUMO

The separation of chiral enantiomers has gained increasing importance in many research fields, becoming a major research hotspot. 1,1'-Bi (2-naphthol) (BINOL) and 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl hydrogen phosphate (BNP) are referred to as atropisomer chiral molecules, which are essential chiral catalysts and intermediates in several reactions. In this work, BINOL and BNP atropisomers are separated and identified using trapped ion mobility spectrometry (TIMS) to monitor the different mobilities of their derivative complexes. The latter are obtained by the simple mixing of BINOL/BNP, cyclodextrin (CD), and the metal ions through noncovalent interactions. The results indicate that the enantiomer complexes of BINOL/BNP can be separated with a certain specificity, showing that R-, S-BINOL can be separated by the ternary complexes of [BINOL+γ-CD + Rb]+, [BINOL+γ-CD + Cu-H]+, and [BINOL+ß-CD + Cu-H]+ based on the difference in their mobility; similarly, the R-, S-BNP enantiomer can be isolated by the formed ternary complexes of [BNP+α-CD + Ba-H]+, [BNP+ß-CD + Co-H]+, [BNP+ß-CD + Ca-H]+, [BNP+ß-CD + Cu-H]+, [BNP+ß-CD + Fe-H]+, [BNP+ß-CD + Li]+, and [BNP+ß-CD + Sr-H]+. Furthermore, the peak separation rate (Rp-p) of the complexes was calculated, with the Rp-p of the three enantiomers of BINOL being 1.130 and the Rp-p of the seven complexes of BNP reaching 2.089. At last, the different survival yields for the collision energies were found for the enantiomer complexes, revealing the rigid structural differences in the stereospecificity of the enantiomer complexes that result in the separation by the TIMS. Additionally, due to the advantages of simple operation, fast speed, and high sensitivity and because chemical derivatization and chromatographic separation are not required, the developed method can provide a promising and powerful strategy for the separation and identification of binaphthyl derivatives or even other enantiomers of the reaction intermediates.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Íons , Naftóis , Fosfatos , Estereoisomerismo
2.
Chemosphere ; : 132801, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752839

RESUMO

Exposure to metals and metalloids is widely related with human health, and could affect the function of immune system. The complement system links innate and adaptive immunity, and is critically involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and immune diseases. The third and fourth components of complement (C3, C4) play key roles in the complement system. However, few studies have examined the relations between multiple metals and complement levels. In this study, based on a total of 2977 participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, China, we investigated 17 plasma metals and serum C3, C4 levels, and calculated C3/C4-associated genetic risk scores (GRSs) using established single nucleotide polymorphisms. We further explored the potential gene-metal interactions on C3 and C4. After multivariable adjustment, an increment of 10-standard deviation increase in natural log-transformed exposure concentrations of plasma copper was associated with 0.549 (0.489, 0.608) (FDR <0.0001), and 1.146 (0.999, 1.294) (FDR <0.0001) higher natural log-transformed serum C3 and C4 levels, respectively. While each increment of 10-standard deviation of natural log-transformed zinc was associated with a difference of 0.083 (0.024, 0.143) (FDR = 0.049) and 0.007 (-0.138, 0.152) (FDR = 0.935) in log-transformed C3 and C4 levels, respectively. Participants with higher GRS had higher C3 and C4 levels. Furthermore, we found a significant interaction between arsenic exposure and C3-GRS in relation to C3 level (Pinteraction = 0.0096). Our results suggested that plasma arsenic would modify the association between C3 genetic predisposition and serum C3 level. We provide new insight into metals exposure on the human immune system. These findings require replication in future research.

3.
iScience ; 24(11): 103307, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765925

RESUMO

Mechanically-gated ion channels play an important role in the human body, whereas it is challenging to design artificial mechanically-controlled ionic transport devices as the intrinsically rigidity of traditional electrodes. Here, we report on a mechanically-gated electrochemical channel by virtue of vertically aligned gold nanowires (v-AuNWs) as 3D stretchable electrodes. By surface modification with a self-assembled 1-Dodecanethiol monolayer, the v-AuNWs become hydrophobic and inaccessible to hydrated redox species (e.g., Fe ( CN ) 6 3 - / 4 - and Ru ( bpy ) 3 2 + ). Under mechanical strains, the closely-packed v-AuNWs unzip/crack to generate ionic channels to enable redox reactions, giving rise to increases in Faradaic currents. The redox current increases with the strain level until it reaches a certain threshold value, and then decreases as the strain-induced conductivity decreases. The good reversible "on-off" behaviors for multiple cycles were also demonstrated. The results presented demonstrate a new strategy to control redox reactions simply by tensile strain, indicating the potential applications in future soft smart mechanotransduction devices.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2105630, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773416

RESUMO

Tissues, which consist of groups of closely packed cell arrays, are essentially sheet-like biosynthesis plants. In tissues, individual cells are discrete microreactors working under highly viscous and confined environments. This paper reports on soft polystyrene-encased nanoframe (PEN) reactor arrays as analogous nanoscale "sheet-like chemosynthesis plants" for the controlled synthesis of novel nanocrystals. Although the soft polystyrene (PS) was only 3 nm thick, it was elastic, robust, and permeable to aqueous solutes, while significantly slowing down their diffusion. PEN-associated palladium (Pd) crystallization followed a diffusion-controlled zero-order kinetics rather than a reaction-controlled first-order kinetics in bulk solution. Each individual PEN reactor had a volume in the zeptoliter range, which offered a unique confined environment, enabling a directional inward crystallization, in contrast to the conventional outward nucleation/growth that occurs in an unconfined bulk solution. This strategy made it possible to generate a set of mono-, bi-, trimetallic, and even semiconductor nanocrystals with tunable interior structures, which are difficult to achieve with normal systems based on bulk solutions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1184: 339017, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625257

RESUMO

Penicillamine (Pen) is a common chiral drug that is obtained from penicillin. Between the two enantiomers of Pen, only D-Pen can be used to treat cystinuria and rheumatoid arthritis while L-Pen is toxic. Therefore, it requires great efforts for the research of the rigorous analysis and distinction of the two enantiomers. The non-covalent combination of chiral molecules and chiral selectors (CSs) has been proved as a unique strategy for chiral distinction by ion mobility spectrometry in coupling with -mss spectrometry (IM-MS). Here, we developed a simple method to distinguish D, L-Pen by using special CSs for IM-MS separation. The CSs utilized here include cyclodextrins (CD) and linear chain oligosaccharides plus metal ions. We found that non-covalent complexes [Pen+ß-CD + Li]+ could be easily formed by electrospray ionization of the mixture of the solution, and the chirality of Pen could be effectively recognized by measuring their mobilities due to the different collision cross collision sections of [D-Pen+ß-CD + Li]+ and [L-Pen+ß-CD + Li]+. A detailed analysis of [Pen+ß-CD + Li]+ was then conducted by the optical rotation measurements and NMR experiments to reveal their structural differences. Furthermore, DFT calculation showed the differences of molecular conformation between the complexes. The results provide a new powerful method for fast analysis and recognition of chirality of Pen compounds by IM-MS.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Íons , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Penicilamina
6.
Environ Int ; 157: 106808, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to metals/metalloids from both the natural environment and anthropogenic sources have a complex influence on human health. However, relatively few studies have explored the relations of exposure to multiple metals/metalloids with mortality. Therefore, this prospective study aims to examine the relations of multiple metal/metalloids exposures with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS: A total of 6155 participants within the Dongfeng-Tongji (DF-TJ) cohort were involved in this analysis, which were followed for mortality until December 31, 2018. We applied inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to measure baseline plasma concentrations of 23 metals. We utilized Cox regression models to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause and CVD mortality associated with metal concentrations. We proposed plasma metal score to assess the simultaneous exposure to multiple metals through summing each metal concentration weighted by the regression coefficients with all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During the follow-up (mean duration, 9.8 years), we ascertained 876 deaths, including 416 deaths of CVD (157 deaths of coronary heart disease and 259 deaths of stroke). In the multiple-metals model, after adjusting for potential confounders, plasma copper, molybdenum, and vanadium were positively associated with all-cause mortality, whereas manganese, selenium, and thallium were negatively associated with the risk of all-cause mortality, with adjusted HRs (95% Confidence Interval, CI) of the fourth quartiles were 1.73 (1.42-2.11, P-trend < 0.001) for copper, 1.33 (1.09-1.63, P-trend = 0.005) for molybdenum, 1.43 (1.16-1.77, P-trend < 0.001) for vanadium, 0.74 (0.58-0.94, P-trend = 0.005) for manganese, 0.68 (0.56-0.83, P-trend < 0.001) for selenium, and 0.74 (0.59-0.92, P-trend = 0.002) for thallium, respectively. Positive associations were observed between plasma copper, molybdenum, vanadium concentrations and CVD mortality, whereas negative associations were found for plasma selenium and thallium concentrations with CVD mortality in the multiple-metals model. Compared with the first quartiles, the HRs of fourth quartiles were 1.94 (1.45-2.58, P-trend < 0.001) for copper, 1.72 (1.26-2.35, P-trend < 0.001) for molybdenum, 1.81 (1.32-2.47, P-trend < 0.001) for vanadium, 0.67 (0.50-0.89, P-trend = 0.003) for selenium, and 0.58 (0.41-0.81, P-trend < 0.001) for thallium, respectively. The plasma metal score was significantly associated with higher risks of all-cause and CVD death in dose-response fashions. When compared with the first quartiles of plasma metal score, the HRs of fourth quartiles were 2.16 (1.76-2.64; P-trend < 0.001) for all-cause mortality and 3.00 (2.24-4.02; P-trend < 0.001) for CVD mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that several plasma metals/metalloids were key determinants and predictors of all-cause and CVD death in the Chinese population. Our findings highlighted the importance to comprehensively assess and monitor multiple metals/metalloids exposures.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Metaloides , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metais/toxicidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131497, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273700

RESUMO

Metal exposures are ubiquitous around the world, while it is lack of prospective studies to evaluate the associations of exposure to multiple metal/metalloids with incident dyslipidemia. A total of 2947 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline were included in the analyses. We utilized inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to measure the baseline plasma metal concentrations. Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate the relations between plasma metals and risk of incident dyslipidemia, and principal component analysis was performed to extract principal components of metals. During 5.01 ± 0.31 years of follow-up, 521 subjects were diagnosed with incident dyslipidemia. After multivariable adjustment, the odds ratios (ORs) of dyslipidemia comparing the highest quartiles to the lowest were 1.58 (95% CI: 1.20, 2.08; Ptrend = 0.001) for aluminum, 1.34 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.75; Ptrend = 0.03) for arsenic, 1.44 (1.09, 1.91; Ptrend = 0.03) for strontium, and 1.47 (95% CI: 1.09, 2.00; Ptrend = 0.005) for vanadium. The four metals also showed significant associations with the subtypes of dyslipidemia, including low HDL-C and high LDL-C. The first principal component, which mainly represented aluminum, arsenic, barium, lead, vanadium, and zinc, was associated with increased risk of incident dyslipidemia, and the adjusted OR was 1.40 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.84; Ptrend = 0.02) comparing extreme quartiles. The study indicated that elevated plasma aluminum, arsenic, strontium, and vanadium concentrations were associated with a higher incidence of dyslipidemia. These findings highlight the importance of controlling metal exposures for dyslipidemia prevention.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Metaloides , Estudos de Coortes , Dislipidemias/induzido quimicamente , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metais , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Annu Rev Biomed Eng ; 23: 169-201, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781078

RESUMO

Microbiomes are complex and ubiquitous networks of microorganisms whose seemingly limitless chemical transformations could be harnessed to benefit agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology. The spatial and temporal changes in microbiome composition and function are influenced by a multitude of molecular and ecological factors. This complexity yields both versatility and challenges in designing synthetic microbiomes and perturbing natural microbiomes in controlled, predictable ways. In this review, we describe factors that give rise to emergent spatial and temporal microbiome properties and the meta-omics and computational modeling tools that can be used to understand microbiomes at the cellular and system levels. We also describe strategies for designing and engineering microbiomes to enhance or build novel functions. Throughout the review, we discuss key knowledge and technology gaps for elucidating the networks and deciphering key control points for microbiome engineering, and highlight examples where multiple omics and modeling approaches can be integrated to address these gaps.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 633331, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33614662

RESUMO

Skin aging caused by UV radiation is called photoaging is characterized by skin roughness and dryness accompanied by a significant reduction of dermal collagen. Rapamycin is a macrolide immunosuppressant which has been shown to exhibit "anti-aging" effects in cells and organisms, however, its roles in the skin photoaging remains unclear. Here, we investigate the role of rapamycin and HSP27, which we have previously identified as an inhibitor of UV-induced apoptosis and senescence in HaCat cells, in a UVA-induced photoaging model of primary human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). Results from senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining revealed that rapamycin significantly reduced senescence in UVA-treated HDFs. In addition, treatment with rapamycin significantly increased cell autophagy levels, decreased the expression of p53 and phosphorylated HSP27, and reduced genotoxic and oxidative cellular stress levels in UVA-induced HDFs. Knockdown of HSP27 resulted in a significant increase of MMP-1 and MMP-3 as well as a decrease in type I collagen expression. Rapamycin mitigated these effects by activation of the classical TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathway and increasing the transcriptional activity of MAPK/AP-1. Taken together, these results suggest that rapamycin may potentially serve as a preventive and therapeutic agent for UVA-induced photoaging of the skin.

12.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 22: 557-571, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230457

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is prevalent in East and Southeast Asia. In a previous study, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-miR-BART22 induces tumor metastasis and stemness and is significantly involved in NPC progression. In the present study, we observed that miR-4721 is induced by EBV-miR-BART22 through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/c-JUN/Sp1 signaling to promote its transcription. In a subsequent study, we observed that miR-4721 serves as a potential oncogenic factor promoting NPC cell cycle progression and cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanism analysis indicated that miR-4721 directly targetes GSK3ß and reduces its expression, which therefore elevates ß-catenin intra-nuclear aggregation and activates its downstream cell cycle factors, including CCND1 and c-MYC. In clinical samples, miR-4721 and GSK3ß are respectively observed to be upregulated and downregulated in NPC progression. Elevated expression of miR-4721 is positively associated with clinical progression and poor prognosis. Our study first demonstrated that miR-4721 as an oncogene is induced by EBV-miR-BART22 via modulating PI3K/AKT/c-JUN/Sp1 signaling to target GSK3ß, which thus activates the WNT/ß-catenin-stimulated cell cycle signal and enhances the tumorigenic capacity in NPC. miR-4721 may be a potential biomarker or therapeutic target in NPC treatment in the future.

13.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 5(11): 1515-1523, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103698

RESUMO

Skin-like optoelectronic sensors can have a wide range of technical applications ranging from wearable/implantable biodiagnostics, human-machine interfaces, and soft robotics to artificial intelligence. The previous focus has been on electrical signal transduction, whether resistive, capacitive, or piezoelectric. Here, we report on "optical skin" strain sensors based on elastomer-supported, highly ordered, and closely packed plasmonic nanocrystal arrays (plasmene). Using gold nanocubes (AuNCs) as a model system, we find that the types of polymeric ligands, interparticle spacing, and AuNC sizes play vital roles in strain-induced plasmonic responses. In particular, brush-forming polystyrene (PS) is a "good" ligand for forming elastic plasmenes which display strain-induced blue shift of high-energy plasmonic peaks with high reversibility upon strain release. Further experimental and simulation studies reveal the transition from isotropic uniform plasmon coupling at a non-strained state to anisotropic plasmon coupling at strained states, due to the AuNC alignment perpendicular to the straining direction. The two-term plasmonic ruler model may predict the primary high-energy peak location. Using the relative shift of the averaged high-energy peak to the coupling peak before straining, a plasmene nanosheet may be used as a strain sensor with the sensitivity depending on its internal structures, such as the constituent AuNC size or inter-particle spacing.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Elastômeros , Nanopartículas/química , Pele , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Próteses e Implantes , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
14.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 13, 2020 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32296025

RESUMO

MYH9 has dual functions in tumors. However, its role in inducing tumor stemness in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not yet determined. Here, we found that MYH9 is an effective promoter of tumor stemness that facilitates hepatocellular carcinoma pathogenesis. Importantly, targeting MYH9 remarkably improved the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma-bearing mice and promoted sorafenib sensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vivo. Mechanistic analysis suggested that MYH9 interacted with GSK3ß and reduced its protein expression by ubiquitin-mediated degradation, which therefore dysregulated the ß-catenin destruction complex and induced the downstream tumor stemness phenotype, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and c-Jun signaling in HCC. C-Jun transcriptionally stimulated MYH9 expression and formed an MYH9/GSK3ß/ß-catenin/c-Jun feedback loop. X protein is a hepatitis B virus (HBV)-encoded key oncogenic protein that promotes HCC pathogenesis. Interestingly, we observed that HBV X protein (HBX) interacted with MYH9 and induced its expression by modulating GSK3ß/ß-catenin/c-Jun signaling. Targeting MYH9 blocked HBX-induced GSK3ß ubiquitination to activate the ß-catenin destruction complex and suppressed cancer stemness and EMT. Based on TCGA database analysis, MYH9 was found to be elevated and conferred poor prognosis for hepatocellular carcinoma patients. In clinical samples, high MYH9 expression levels predicted poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. These findings identify the suppression of MYH9 as an alternative approach for the effective eradication of CSC properties to inhibit cancer migration, invasion, growth, and sorafenib resistance in HCC patients. Our study demonstrated that MYH9 is a crucial therapeutic target in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Transativadores/genética , Ubiquitinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Virais Reguladoras e Acessórias/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/genética
15.
Anal Chem ; 92(6): 4647-4655, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069026

RESUMO

The noninvasive continuous analysis of human sweat is of great significance for improved healthcare diagnostics and treatment in the future, for which a wearable potentiometry-based ion-selective electrode (ISE) has attracted increasing attention, particularly involving ion detection. Note that traditional solid-state ISE electrodes are rigid ion-to-electron transducers that are not conformal to soft human skin and cannot function under stretched states. Here, we demonstrated that vertically aligned mushroom-like gold nanowires (v-AuNW) could serve as stretchable and wearable ion-to-electron transducers for multiplexed, in situ potentiometric analysis of pH, Na+, and K+ in sweat. By modifying v-AuNW electrodes with polyaniline, Na ionophore X, and a valinomycin-based selective membrane, we could specifically detect pH, Na+, and K+, respectively, with high selectivity, reproducibility, and stability. Importantly, the electrochemical performance could be maintained even under 30% strain and during stretch-release cycles without the need of extrinsic structural design. Furthermore, our stretchable v-AuNW ISEs could be seamlessly integrated with a flexible printed circuit board, enabling wireless on-body detection of pH, Na+, and K+ with fast response and negligible cross-talk, indicating considerable promise for noninvasive wearable sweat analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ouro/química , Nanofios/química , Suor/química , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Eletrodos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
16.
Redox Biol ; 29: 101404, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a well-recognized biomarker of inflammation, which can be used as a predictor of cardiovascular disease. Evidence have suggested exposure to multiple metals/metalloids may affect immune system and give rise to cardiovascular disease. However, it is lack of study to comprehensively evaluate the association of multiple metals and CRP, the interactions between metals, and the gene-metal interaction in relation to CRP levels. AIMS: To explore the associations of multiple plasma metals with serum CRP, and to test the interactions between metals, and gene-metal interactions on the levels of serum CRP. METHODS: We included 2882 participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, China, and measured 23 plasma metals and serum CRP concentrations. The genetic risk score (GRS) was calculated based on 7 established CRP-associated variants. For metals which were associated with the levels of CRP, we further tested the interactions between metals on CRP, and analyzed the gene-metal interactions on CRP. RESULTS: The median level for CRP in the total population was 1.17 mg/L. After multivariable adjustment, plasma copper was positively associated with serum CRP (FDR < 0.001), whereas selenium was negatively associated with serum CRP (FDR = 0.01). Moreover, selenium and zinc attenuated the positive association between high plasma copper and CRP (P for interaction < 0.001). Participants with a higher GRS had a higher CRP level, with the increase in ln-transformed CRP per increment of 5 risk alleles were 0.64 for weighted GRS, and 0.54 for unweighted GRS (both P < 0.001). Furthermore, the genetic association with CRP was modified by copper concentration (P for interaction < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that serum CRP is positively associated with plasma concentration of copper, and inversely associated with selenium. Plasma zinc, selenium and CRP genetic predisposition would modify the associations between plasma copper and serum CRP.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Metais , Cobre , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Zinco
17.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 496-509, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125123

RESUMO

The biological role of vacuolar protein sorting 33B (VPS33B) has not been examined in colorectal cancer (CRC). We report that VPS33B was downregulated in dextran sulfate sodium/azoxymethane (DSS/AOM) -induced CRC mice models and nicotine-treated CRC cells via the PI3K/AKT/c-Jun pathway. Reduced VPS33B is an unfavorable factor promoting poor prognosis in human CRC patients. VPS33B overexpression suppressed CRC proliferation, intrahepatic metastasis and chemoresistance of cisplatin (DDP) in vivo and in vitro through modulating the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and the downstream cell cycle or EMT-related factors. Furthermore, NESG1 as a newly identified tumor suppressor interacted with VPS33B via colocalization in the cytoplasm, and it was stimulated by VPS33B through the downregulation of RAS/ERK/c-Jun-mediated transcription. NESG1 also activated VPS33B expression via the RAS/ERK/c-Jun pathway. Suppression of NESG1 increased cell growth, migration and invasion via the reversion of the VPS33B-modulating signal in VPS33B-overexpressed cells. Taken together, VPS33B as a tumor suppressor is easily dysregulated by chemical carcinogens and it interacts with NESG1 to modulate the EGFR/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and thus suppress the malignant phenotype of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor/efeitos dos fármacos , Nicotina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Animais , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HT29 , Humanos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/genética
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(4): 567-570, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829347

RESUMO

We propose a synthetic strategy to synthesize cobalt nanoparticle cores encapsulated in tunable N-doped graphene shells on N-doped reduced graphene oxide as a highly efficient and stable pH-universal electrocatalyst. The superior performance is mainly attributed to the optimization of the electrocatalytic centre and the improvement of the electronic configuration.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 189: 110006, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812020

RESUMO

Metals are widespread pollutants in the environment which have been reported to be associated with kidney dysfunction in many existing epidemiological studies. However, most of the studies are cross-sectional design and mainly focus on several toxic metals including arsenic, lead and cadmium. Therefore, we conducted this prospective study within the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort to evaluate the associations of plasma multiple metals with the decline in kidney function among Chinese middle-aged and elderly. In total, 1434 participants free of chronic diseases at baseline were included in analysis. We measured baseline plasma concentrations of 23 metals and calculated estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation based on serum creatinine, age, sex and ethnicity. Bonferroni correction was used for multiple testing to reduce the probability of a type I error. Principal component analysis was conducted to evaluate the combined effect of multiple metal co-exposure. Most of the plasma metal concentrations were within the literature reported reference values, whereas the concentration of lead and nickel exceeded the guideline value. We found that plasma concentrations of aluminum, arsenic, barium, lead, molybdenum, rubidium, strontium, vanadium and zinc were significantly associated with the decline in kidney function measured by annual eGFR decline, rapid renal function decline (defined as an annual decline in eGFR ≥ 5 mL/min/1.73 m2) or incident eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, with the adjusted beta coefficients (95% CI) for annual eGFR decline 0.50 (0.30, 0.69), 0.98 (0.74, 1.23), 0.56 (0.32, 0.79), 0.21 (0.03, 0.39), 0.35 (0.16, 0.54), 0.94 (0.71, 1.17), 0.37 (0.15, 0.60), 0.78 (0.54, 1.02), and 0.74 (0.57, 0.91), respectively. The metals exposures were linked with increased risks of impaired kidney function. Associations of principal components representing these metals with the decline in kidney function were significant and suggest a possible additional health risk by co-exposure. Participants engaged in manufacturing had higher plasma levels of several metals compared with those who had been involved in management- or administration-related work. Our findings suggest that exposure to multiple metals contribute to the decline in kidney function among the middle-aged and elderly. Co-exposure to multiple metals may have synergetic effect on the kidney function. Further studies are warranted to confirm our findings and clarify the potential mechanisms.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/sangue , Rim/fisiopatologia , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Creatinina/sangue , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Metais/toxicidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(44): 24808-24819, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687699

RESUMO

The temperature-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles that are capped with the thermo-sensitive polymer: 'poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)' (PNIPAM), have been studied extensively for several years. Also, their suitability to function as nanoscopic thermometers for bio-sensing applications has been suggested numerous times. In an attempt to establish this, many have studied the temperature-dependent optical resonance characteristics of these particles; however, developing a simple mathematical relationship between the optical measurements and the solution temperature remains an open challenge. In this paper, we attempt to systematically address this problem using machine learning techniques to quickly and accurately predict the solution-temperature, based on spectroscopic data. Our emphasis is on establishing a simple and practically useful solution to this problem. Our dataset comprises spectroscopic absorption data from both nanorods and nanobipyramids capped with PNIPAM, measured at discretely varied and pre-set temperature states. Specific regions of the spectroscopic data are selected as features for prediction using random forest (RF), gradient boosting (GB) and adaptive boosting (AB) regression techniques. Our prediction results indicate that RF and GB techniques can be used successfully to predict solution temperatures instantly to within 1 °C of accuracy.

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