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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1611, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452411

RESUMO

Changes in intestinal microecology during acute liver failure (ALF) directly affect the occurrence and development of the disease. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the intestinal microbiota and the key immune cells. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) was used to determine whether ALF can balance Th17/Treg cytokines. The relationship between gut microbiota and clinical indicators was analyzed. BALB/c mice were treated with D-galactosamine (D-GalN) to induce a murine ALF model. FMT to D-GalN mice was conducted to test for liver function indicators. Results showed that the proportions of Lachnospiraceae, Prevotella, S24-7, Odoribacter and Rikenellaceae in D-GalN mice with intestinal microbiota disorder were restored after FMT. Further, CIA analysis showed that bacteria had a covariant relationship with clinical indicators. Microbiota could account for changes in 49.9% of the overall clinical indicators. Adonis analysis showed that Ruminococcus, and Enterococcus have a greater impact on clinical indicators. FMT down-regulated the expression of IL-17A, TNF-α, and TGF-ß, while up-regulated IL-10 and IL-22. Transplantation of feces from Saccharomyces boulardii donor mice improved GalN-induced liver damage. These findings indicate that FMT attenuates D-GalN-induced liver damage in mice, and a clinical trial is required to validate the relevance of our findings in humans, and to test whether this therapeutic approach is effective for patients with ALF.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(49): e23416, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285733

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stable angina pectoris has a high prevalence and causes serious harm. Revascularization therapy can relieve angina pectoris to some extent, but it is not widely accepted in China due to the cost and secondary events. The Chinese proprietary medicine Danlou tablet has been widely used to treat angina pectoris, but previous trials had inadequate methodologies. In this study, we aim to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate its efficacy and safety on stable angina. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a WeChat-based randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical trial in China. Eligible participants are adults (aged 30-75 years) with CT-confirmed stable angina and traditional Chinese medicine-diagnosed intermingled phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. A total of 76 participants will be randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to the oral Danlou tablet group (1.5 mg a time, 3 times daily for 28 days) or the placebo group. Patients are permitted concomitant use of routine medications during these 28 days. The primary outcome is angina frequency per week. The secondary outcomes include angina severity, angina duration, traditional Chinese medicine efficacy, the withdrawal rate of emergency medications, blood lipids, and electrocardiograph efficacy. The WeChat app will be used to remind patients to take their medicines and fill out the forms. All data will be recorded in case report forms and analyzed by Statistical Analysis System software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing, China (No. 2019-225-KY). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: ChiCTR1900028068.

3.
Chin J Integr Med ; 26(12): 897-904, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) exhibits heart protective effect in myocardial infarction (MI) rats and to identify the potential signaling pathways involved. METHODS: MI rats induced by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were assigned to sham coronary artery ligation or coronary artery ligation. Totally 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (distilled water, n=9), MI group (distilled water, n=9), PNS group (PNS, 40 mg/kg daily, n=9) and fosinopril group (FIP, 1.2 mg/kg daily, n=9) according to a random number table. The left ventricular morphology and function were conducted by echocardiography. Histological alterations were evaluated by the stainings of HE and Masson. The serum levels of C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and the ratio of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of MMP-9 (TIMP-1) were determined by ELISA. The levels of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MAP2K3), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß1), collagen I, nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NFκB p65), phosphorylation of NFκB p65 (p-NFκB p65), and phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa Bα (p-Iκ Bα) in hearts were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining, respectively. RESULTS: PNS improved cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats (P<0.05). The serum levels of CRP, TNF-α, GDF-15 and the ratio of MMP9/TIMP1 were reversed by PNS in MI rats. The expressions of TGF-ß1, collagen I, MAP2K3, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, NFκB p65, p-NFκB p65, and p-IκBα were down-regulated, while ATF3 increased with the treatment of PNS (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PNS may improve cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats via regulating ATF3/MAP2K3/p38 MAPK and NFκB signaling pathways. These results suggest the potential of PNS in preventing the development of ventricular remodeling in MI rats.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16150, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999345

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify potential predictive factors for the survival of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients undergoing pemetrexed maintenance therapy. 122 advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients who received pemetrexed maintenance therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method with Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were performed to evaluate prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Bivariate correlation analysis was used for exploratory purpose. For the whole cohort of 122 patients, median PFS was 11.97 months (95% CI 10.611-13.329) and estimated median OS was 45.07 months (95% CI 31.690-58.450). The mPFS of ALK-positive patients was superior to negative patients (18.27 vs. 11.90 months; P  = 0.039). Patients with ECOG PS 0 (14.4 vs. 11.1 months; p = 0.040) and patients with single-organ metastasis (19.0 vs. 11.0 months; p = 0.014) had prolonged median PFS. Compared with the low PD-L1 expression group, PFS of high PD-L1 expression group were improved (13.6 vs. 11.1 months, p = 0.104, at 1% cut-off; 17.5 vs. 11.1 months, p = 0.009, at 10% cut-off; and 27.5 vs. 11.4 months, p = 0.005, at 50% cut-off). No differences were found between EGFR positive and negative patients. PD-L1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for both PFS and OS times (PFS: HR, 0.175; P  = 0.001; OS: HR, 0.107; P = 0.036). Bivariate correlation showed a significant positive correlation between PD-L1 expression and PFS (correlation coefficient R = 0.485, P  < 0.001). High PD-L1 expression could be a potential effective predictor for favorable survival of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients undergoing pemetrexed maintenance therapy.

5.
Radiother Oncol ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiation pneumonitis (RP) can be a potential fatal toxicity of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for medically inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to examine the risk factors that predict RP and explore dosimetric tolerance for safe practice in a large institutional series of NSCLC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with early-stage and locally recurrent NSCLC who received lung SBRT between 2002 and 2015 formed the study population. The primary endpoint was grade 2 or above radiation pneumonitis (RP2). Lungs were re-contoured consistently by one radiation oncologist according to the RTOG atlas for organs at risk. Dosimetric factors were computed consistently with exclusion of gross tumor volume of either ipsilateral, contralateral, or total lungs. RESULTS: A total of 339 patients were eligible. With a median follow-up of 47 months, RP2 was recorded in 10% patients. History of respiratory comorbidity, previous thoracic radiation, right lung location, mean lung doses of total or ipsilateral lung, and total lung volume receiving 20 Gy were all significantly associated with the risk of RP2. The dosimetric parameters of contralateral lung, including mean dose and volume receiving more than 5, 10, and 20 Gy, were not significantly associated with RP2 (ps>0.05). A model of combining significant clinical and dosimetric factors had a predictive accuracy AUC of 0.76. According to this model, RP2 can be limited to <10% should the patient have no previous lung radiation and the mean dose of total and ipsilateral lungs be kept less than 6 Gy and 20 Gy, respectively. CONCLUSION: Dosimetric factors of total or ipsilateral lung together with important clinical factors were significant risk factors for symptomatic radiation pneumonitis after SBRT. Constraining mean lung dose can limit clinically significant lung toxicity.

6.
Cancer Med ; 9(23): 8772-8781, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this era of precision medicine, prognostic heterogeneity is an important feature of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastases (BM). This multi-institutional study is aimed to verify the applicability of the adjusted Lung-molGPA model for NSCLC with BM in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1903 patients at three hospitals in Southwest China. The performance of the Lung-molGPA model was compared with that of the adjusted DS-GPA model in terms of estimating the survival of NSCLC with BM. RESULTS: The median OS of this patient cohort was 27.0 months, and the adenocarcinoma survived longer than the non-adenocarcinoma (28.0 months vs 18.7 months, p < 0.001). The adjusted Lung-molGPA model was more accurate in predicting survival of adenocarcinoma patients than the adjusted DS-GPA model (C-index: 0.615 vs 0.571), and it was not suitable for predicting survival of non-adenocarcinoma patients (p = 0.286, 1.5-2.0 vs 2.5-3.0; p = 0.410, 2.5-3.0 vs 3.5-4.0). CONCLUSIONS: The adjusted Lung-molGPA model is better than the DS-GPA model in predicting the prognosis of adenocarcinoma patients. However, it failed to estimate the prognosis for non-adenocarcinoma patients.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5182, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057025

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diagnosed by reduced lung function, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. We performed whole genome sequence (WGS) analysis of lung function and COPD in a multi-ethnic sample of 11,497 participants from population- and family-based studies, and 8499 individuals from COPD-enriched studies in the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Program. We identify at genome-wide significance 10 known GWAS loci and 22 distinct, previously unreported loci, including two common variant signals from stratified analysis of African Americans. Four novel common variants within the regions of PIAS1, RGN (two variants) and FTO show evidence of replication in the UK Biobank (European ancestry n ~ 320,000), while colocalization analyses leveraging multi-omic data from GTEx and TOPMed identify potential molecular mechanisms underlying four of the 22 novel loci. Our study demonstrates the value of performing WGS analyses and multi-omic follow-up in cohorts of diverse ancestry.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Loci Gênicos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Respiratórios/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etnologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/genética
8.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiangiogenic agents combined with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are considered potentially effective biologically synergistic drug combinations for EGFR-mutant advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although some controversy remains. The European Commission has approved the use of bevacizumab plus erlotinib as first-line treatment of EGFR-mutated NSCLC; however, it has not yet been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Recently, several phase III, randomized controlled trials of combinations of antiangiogenic agents and EGFR-TKIs have been reported. These studies have not yet been included in any previous meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis to compare antiangiogenic agents plus EGFR-TKIs versus EGFR-TKIs alone for treatment of EGFR-mutant NSCLC. The main outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), the objective response rate (ORR), and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: We identified 9 previous reports of 6 randomized controlled trials and 1 prospective cohort study, involving 1295 patients. Compared with EGFR-TKIs alone, antiangiogenic agents plus EGFR-TKIs resulted in a higher PFS (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50-0.67; P < .001). However, no significant differences in OS (hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.53-1.18; P = .26) and ORR (risk ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.97-1.10; P = .30) were found between the 2 groups. An increased risk of serious AEs (risk ratio, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.11-1.79; P = .005) was found in the combination drug therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Antiangiogenic agents plus EGFR-TKIs enhanced PFS for patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC but with a greater risk of serious AEs. No significant benefits for OS and ORR were found between the 2 groups.

9.
Stroke ; 51(8): 2454-2463, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a complex disease with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. Blacks endure a nearly 2-fold greater risk of stroke and are 2× to 3× more likely to die from stroke than European Americans. METHODS: The COMPASS (Consortium of Minority Population Genome-Wide Association Studies of Stroke) has conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of stroke in >22 000 individuals of African ancestry (3734 cases, 18 317 controls) from 13 cohorts. RESULTS: In meta-analyses, we identified one single nucleotide polymorphism (rs55931441) near the HNF1A gene that reached genome-wide significance (P=4.62×10-8) and an additional 29 variants with suggestive evidence of association (P<1×10-6), representing 24 unique loci. For validation, a look-up analysis for a 100 kb region flanking the COMPASS single nucleotide polymorphism was performed in SiGN (Stroke Genetics Network) Europeans, SiGN Hispanics, and METASTROKE (Europeans). Using a stringent Bonferroni correction P value of 2.08×10-3 (0.05/24 unique loci), we were able to validate associations at the HNF1A locus in both SiGN (P=8.18×10-4) and METASTROKE (P=1.72×10-3) European populations. Overall, 16 of 24 loci showed evidence for validation across multiple populations. Previous studies have reported associations between variants in the HNF1A gene and lipids, C-reactive protein, and risk of coronary artery disease and stroke. Suggestive associations with variants in the SFXN4 and TMEM108 genes represent potential novel ischemic stroke loci. CONCLUSIONS: These findings represent the most thorough investigation of genetic determinants of stroke in individuals of African descent, to date.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Afro-Americanos/etnologia , Estudos de Coortes , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etnologia
10.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 13(4): e002766, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation patterns associated with habitual diet have not been well studied. METHODS: Diet quality was characterized using a Mediterranean-style diet score and the Alternative Healthy Eating Index score. We conducted ethnicity-specific and trans-ethnic epigenome-wide association analyses for diet quality and leukocyte-derived DNA methylation at over 400 000 CpGs (cytosine-guanine dinucleotides) in 5 population-based cohorts including 6662 European ancestry, 2702 African ancestry, and 360 Hispanic ancestry participants. For diet-associated CpGs identified in epigenome-wide analyses, we conducted Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to examine their relations to cardiovascular disease risk factors and examined their longitudinal associations with all-cause mortality. RESULTS: We identified 30 CpGs associated with either Mediterranean-style diet score or Alternative Healthy Eating Index, or both, in European ancestry participants. Among these CpGs, 12 CpGs were significantly associated with all-cause mortality (Bonferroni corrected P<1.6×10-3). Hypermethylation of cg18181703 (SOCS3) was associated with higher scores of both Mediterranean-style diet score and Alternative Healthy Eating Index and lower risk for all-cause mortality (P=5.7×10-15). Ten additional diet-associated CpGs were nominally associated with all-cause mortality (P<0.05). MR analysis revealed 8 putatively causal associations for 6 CpGs with 4 cardiovascular disease risk factors (body mass index, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, and type 2 diabetes mellitus; Bonferroni corrected MR P<4.5×10-4). For example, hypermethylation of cg11250194 (FADS2) was associated with lower triglyceride concentrations (MR, P=1.5×10-14).and hypermethylation of cg02079413 (SNORA54; NAP1L4) was associated with body mass index (corrected MR, P=1×10-6). CONCLUSIONS: Habitual diet quality was associated with differential peripheral leukocyte DNA methylation levels of 30 CpGs, most of which were also associated with multiple health outcomes, in European ancestry individuals. These findings demonstrate that integrative genomic analysis of dietary information may reveal molecular targets for disease prevention and treatment.

11.
Analyst ; 145(16): 5500-5507, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597429

RESUMO

Developing a rapid, low-cost, and multimode detection method for heavy metal ions remains a compelling goal for many applications, including food safety, environmental and biological analysis. This study investigated the influence of Hg2+ on the peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) decorated on carbon dots (CDs) from lysine (denoted as GNP@CDs). A new type of Hg2+-triggered peroxidase-like activity of GNP@CDs was discovered, which could catalyze the oxidation of the colorless 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into blue TMB. Based on the regulation of the catalytically triggered activity, a sensitive colorimetric method for the detection of Hg2+ was developed, with a linear range of 7-150 nM, providing a limit of detection as low as 3.7 nM. The sensor is simple and rapid, and was successfully applied to the detection of Hg2+ enrichment in chlorella, suggesting a promising application in biological analysis.

12.
EBioMedicine ; 56: 102803, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) is associated with a wide range of pathophysiological changes due, in part, to hypoxemia during sleep. We sought to identify gene transcription associations with measures of SDB and hypoxemia during sleep, and study their response to treatment. METHODS: In two discovery cohorts, Framingham Offspring Study (FOS; N = 571) and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA; N = 580), we studied gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in association with three measures of SDB: Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI); average oxyhemoglobin saturation (avgO2) during sleep; and minimum oxyhemoglobin saturation (minO2) during sleep. Associated genes were used for analysis of gene expression in the blood of 15 participants with moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) from the Heart Biomarkers In Apnea Treatment (HeartBEAT) trial. These genes were studied pre- and post-treatment (three months) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). We also performed Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) on all traits and cohort analyses. FINDINGS: Twenty-two genes were associated with SDB traits in both MESA and FOS. Of these, lower expression of CD1D and RAB20 was associated with lower avgO2 in MESA and FOS. CPAP treatment increased the expression of these genes in HeartBEAT participants. Immunity and inflammation pathways were up-regulated in subjects with lower avgO2; i.e., in those with a more severe SDB phenotype (MESA), whereas immuno-inflammatory processes were down-regulated following CPAP treatment (HeartBEAT). INTERPRETATION: Low oxygen saturation during sleep is associated with alterations in gene expression and transcriptional programs that are partially reversed by CPAP treatment.

14.
Proteomics ; 20(12): e1900278, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386347

RESUMO

Novel proteomics platforms, such as the aptamer-based SOMAscan platform, can quantify large numbers of proteins efficiently and cost-effectively and are rapidly growing in popularity. However, comparisons to conventional immunoassays remain underexplored, leaving investigators unsure when cross-assay comparisons are appropriate. The correlation of results from immunoassays with relative protein quantification is explored by SOMAscan. For 63 proteins assessed in two chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cohorts, subpopulations and intermediate outcome measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS), and COPDGene, using myriad rules based medicine multiplex immunoassays and SOMAscan, Spearman correlation coefficients range from -0.13 to 0.97, with a median correlation coefficient of ≈0.5 and consistent results across cohorts. A similar range is observed for immunoassays in the population-based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and for other assays in COPDGene and SPIROMICS. Comparisons of relative quantification from the antibody-based Olink platform and SOMAscan in a small cohort of myocardial infarction patients also show a wide correlation range. Finally, cis pQTL data, mass spectrometry aptamer confirmation, and other publicly available data are integrated to assess relationships with observed correlations. Correlation between proteomics assays shows a wide range and should be carefully considered when comparing and meta-analyzing proteomics data across assays and studies.

15.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 117: 104654, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to adverse social factors has been associated with an altered inflammatory profile, a risk factor for several acute and chronic diseases. Differential gene expression may be a biological mediator in the relationship. In this study, associations between a range of social factors and expression of inflammation-related genes were investigated. METHODS: Social factor and gene expression data were collected from 1,264 individuals in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Inflammation-related genes were identified from the Gene Ontology database. The associations between social factors and gene expression were first assessed using the Global Analysis of Covariance (Global ANCOVA) gene set enrichment test. When the global test was significant, linear regression and elastic net penalized regression were employed to identify the individual gene transcripts within each gene set associated with the social factor. RESULTS: Loneliness (p = 0.003), chronic burden (p = 0.002), and major or lifetime discrimination (p = 0.045) were significantly associated with global expression of the chronic inflammatory gene set. Of the 20 transcripts that comprise this gene set, elastic net selected 12 transcripts for loneliness, 8 for chronic burden, and 3 for major or lifetime discrimination. Major or lifetime discrimination was also associated with the inflammatory response (p = 0.029), regulation of the inflammatory response (p = 0.041), and immune response (p = 0.025) gene sets in global analyses, and 53, 136, and 26 transcripts were selected via elastic net for these gene sets respectively. There were no significant associations in linear regression analyses after adjustment for multiple testing. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights gene expression as a biological mechanism through which social factors may affect inflammation.

16.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372009

RESUMO

Educational attainment is widely used as a surrogate for socioeconomic status (SES). Low SES is a risk factor for hypertension and high blood pressure (BP). To identify novel BP loci, we performed multi-ancestry meta-analyses accounting for gene-educational attainment interactions using two variables, "Some College" (yes/no) and "Graduated College" (yes/no). Interactions were evaluated using both a 1 degree of freedom (DF) interaction term and a 2DF joint test of genetic and interaction effects. Analyses were performed for systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure. We pursued genome-wide interrogation in Stage 1 studies (N = 117 438) and follow-up on promising variants in Stage 2 studies (N = 293 787) in five ancestry groups. Through combined meta-analyses of Stages 1 and 2, we identified 84 known and 18 novel BP loci at genome-wide significance level (P < 5 × 10-8). Two novel loci were identified based on the 1DF test of interaction with educational attainment, while the remaining 16 loci were identified through the 2DF joint test of genetic and interaction effects. Ten novel loci were identified in individuals of African ancestry. Several novel loci show strong biological plausibility since they involve physiologic systems implicated in BP regulation. They include genes involved in the central nervous system-adrenal signaling axis (ZDHHC17, CADPS, PIK3C2G), vascular structure and function (GNB3, CDON), and renal function (HAS2 and HAS2-AS1, SLIT3). Collectively, these findings suggest a role of educational attainment or SES in further dissection of the genetic architecture of BP.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242569

RESUMO

The Pt-catalyzed hydrosilylation of equilibrating allylic azides is reported. The reaction provides only one out of four possible hydrosilylation products in good yields and with very high chemoselectivity (alk-1-ene vs. alk-2-ene), regioselectivity (linear vs. branched), and excellent functional group tolerance.

18.
Nat Med ; 26(5): 732-740, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341578

RESUMO

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 editing of immune checkpoint genes could improve the efficacy of T cell therapy, but the first necessary undertaking is to understand the safety and feasibility. Here, we report results from a first-in-human phase I clinical trial of CRISPR-Cas9 PD-1-edited T cells in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02793856). Primary endpoints were safety and feasibility, and the secondary endpoint was efficacy. The exploratory objectives included tracking of edited T cells. All prespecified endpoints were met. PD-1-edited T cells were manufactured ex vivo by cotransfection using electroporation of Cas9 and single guide RNA plasmids. A total of 22 patients were enrolled; 17 had sufficient edited T cells for infusion, and 12 were able to receive treatment. All treatment-related adverse events were grade 1/2. Edited T cells were detectable in peripheral blood after infusion. The median progression-free survival was 7.7 weeks (95% confidence interval, 6.9 to 8.5 weeks) and median overall survival was 42.6 weeks (95% confidence interval, 10.3-74.9 weeks). The median mutation frequency of off-target events was 0.05% (range, 0-0.25%) at 18 candidate sites by next generation sequencing. We conclude that clinical application of CRISPR-Cas9 gene-edited T cells is generally safe and feasible. Future trials should use superior gene editing approaches to improve therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Edição de Genes/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Linfócitos T/transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/imunologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Terapia Genética/efeitos adversos , Terapia Genética/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 149: 741-753, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018005

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) constitute a large superfamily of heme-thiolate proteins that are involved in the biosynthesis or degradation of endogenous compounds and detoxification of exogenous chemicals. It has been reported that P450s could serve as odorant-degrading enzymes (ODEs) to inactivate odorants to avoid saturating the antennae. However, there is little information about P450s in the antennae of Locusta migratoria. In the current work, we conducted an antenna transcriptome analysis and identified 92 P450s, including 68 full-length and 24 partial sequences. Phylogenetic analysis showed that 68 full-length P450s were grouped into four clans: CYP2, CYP3, CYP4, and mitochondria clans. Tissue, stage, and sex-dependent expressions of these 68 P450s were investigated. The results showed that 4 P450s were antenna-specific, whereas others were antenna-rich but also expressed in other tissues, implying their various potential roles in the antennae. In addition, the responses of seven selected P450s to five gramineous plant volatiles and four locust volatiles were determined. CYP6MU1 could be induced by almost all compounds tested, suggesting its important roles in odorant processing. Different P450s exhibited diverse responses to odorants, indicating that specific regulation of P450 expression by odorants might modulate the sensitivity of the olfactory responses to various chemicals.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 249-258, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957402

RESUMO

Stellera chamaejasme is one of the most serious weeds in Qinhai-Tibetan Plateau, the rapid expansion of which exerts an increasing effect on the alpine meadow ecosystem. With high-throughput sequencing technology, geostatistics and GIS method, the spatial heterogeneity of soil fungal diversity in Stellera occurrence area and the spatial correlation between Stellera coverage and soil fungal diversity were investigated in a typical degraded alpine meadow of the Qilian Mountain. Compared to no-Stellera area, the fungi richness in Stellera area decreased, the dominance increased, and the α-diversity reduced. The difference of fungal species composition enhanced and ß-diversity significantly increased. The spatial pattern of soil fungal diversity was affected by the invasion of Stellera, resulting in higher fragmentation in occurrence area. Spatial heterogeneity of species composition increased remarkably, and spatial stability of α-diversity and ß-diversity decreased. The portion of positive correlation and negative correlation interlaced, indicating no clear spatial correlation between Stellera coverage and soil fungal diversity. Our results indicate that the spatial pattern of soil fungal diversity was affected by the interaction of soil and vegetation in Stellera invaded meadows.


Assuntos
Solo , Thymelaeaceae , Ecossistema , Fungos , Pradaria , Microbiologia do Solo
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