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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1932-1941, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534264

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the toxicity mechanism of Rhododendri Mollis Flos(RMF) based on serum metabolomics and network toxicology. The toxic effect of RMF on normal rats was evaluated according to the symptoms, serum biochemical indexes, and histopathology. Serum metabolomics was combined with multivariate statistical analysis to search endogenous differential metabolites and related metabolic pathways. The toxic components, targets, and signaling pathways of RMF were screened by network toxicology technique, and the component-target-metabolite-metabolic pathway network was established with the help of serum metabolomics. The result suggested the neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, and cardiotoxicity of RMF. A total of 31 differential metabolites and 10 main metabolic pathways were identified by serum metabolomics, and 11 toxic components, 332 related target genes and 141 main signaling pathways were screened out by network toxicology. Further analysis yielded 7 key toxic components: grayanotoxin Ⅲ,grayanotoxinⅠ, rhodojaponin Ⅱ, rhodojaponin Ⅴ, rhodojaponin Ⅵ, rhodojaponin Ⅶ, and kalmanol, which acted on the following 12 key targets: androgen receptor(AR), albumin(ALB), estrogen receptor ß(ESR2), sex-hormone binding globulin(SHBG), type 11 hydroxysteroid(17-beta) dehydrogenase(HSD17 B11), estrogen receptor α(ESR1), retinoic X receptor-gamma(RXRG), lactate dehydrogenase type C(LDHC), Aldo-keto reductase(AKR) 1 C family member 3(AKR1 C3), ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1(ABCB1), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2 B7(UGT2 B7), and glutamate-ammonia ligase(GLUL). These targets interfered with the metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid, estriol, testosterone, retinoic acid, 2-oxobutyric acid, and affected 4 key metabolic pathways of alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and retinol metabolism. RMF exerts toxic effect on multiple systems through multiple components, targets, and pathways. Through the analysis of key toxic components, target genes, metabolites, and metabolic pathways, this study unveiled the mechanism of potential neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and hepatotoxicity of RMF, which is expected to provide a clue for the basic research on toxic Chinese medicinals.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hormônios , Metabolômica , Ratos
2.
Food Funct ; 13(2): 825-833, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985089

RESUMO

Polygonum multiflorum (PM), a popular functional food, and a herbal and dietary supplement, is widely used as a tonic in China and East Asia. In recent years, it has attracted great concern for its ability to cause idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI). However, identifying individuals susceptible to IDILI remains challenging. This is a prospective study. For 6 patients whose serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels after consuming PM were abnormally elevated (susceptible group), 15 patients with normal levels of liver injury markers were matched (tolerant group) based on similar baseline characteristics. ProcartaPlex immunoassays were adopted to quantitatively detect 33 serum cytokines in the two groups of patients before consuming PM, to characterize the cytokine profile and screen differential cytokines. Subsequently, the susceptibility of a potential biomarker to regulate PM-induced liver injury was validated in animal models. There were significant differences in the cytokine profiles between the susceptible and tolerant groups, wherein the susceptible patients showed immune perturbation characterized by high expression of multiple inflammatory cytokines, especially the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α (P = 0.006). Among them, the cytokine TNF-α had the strongest correlation with ALT, where the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.6, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was more than 0.8. Animal experiments revealed that both PM water extract and its susceptibility component of liver injury, cis-stilbene glucoside, could cause liver injury in the mice pre-stimulated using TNF-α. Conversely, administration of the same dose of drugs on control mice did not show any hepatotoxicity. In conclusion, immune perturbation mainly mediated by TNF-α may regulate the susceptibility to PM-induced liver injury. This provides a new perspective for the study of susceptibility to IDILI.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fallopia multiflora/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Adulto , Animais , Citocinas/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
3.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 166(3): 490-497, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Salvage endoscopic nasopharyngectomy (ENPG) is a reasonable choice for resectable recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC). However, in past decades, complete removal of the tumor was not feasible when the recurrent lesion was adjacent to the internal carotid artery (ICA). The present article introduces innovative strategies to ensure sufficient surgical margins while avoiding accidental injury to the ICA. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed rT2-3 rNPC patients with tumor lesions adjacent to the ICA (<5 mm) who underwent ENPG at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2015 and June 2020. Thirty-seven patients were selected for this study. Seventeen patients underwent ENPG using direct dissection, 10 patients underwent endoscopic-assisted transcervical protection of the parapharyngeal ICA combined with ENPG, and 10 patients underwent ICA embolization followed by ENPG. RESULTS: With a median follow-up duration of 31 months (range, 5 to 53 months), the 2-year overall survival, progression-free survival, locoregional recurrence-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival rates of salvage ENPG for rNPC adjacent to the ICA were 88.7%, 72.0%, 72.0%, and 97.3%, respectively. The incidences of grade 1-2 and grade 3-5 postoperative complications were 16.2% and 13.5%, respectively. Two patients experienced ICA rupture during direct dissection but were out of danger after vascular embolization therapy. One patient had a positive margin. Two patients had severe nasopharyngeal wound infections with mucosal flap necrosis. CONCLUSION: ENPG combined with ICA pretreatment allows the feasible and effective resection of rNPC lesions adjacent to the ICA.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Artéria Carótida Interna/patologia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899946

RESUMO

Psidium guajava leaves (PGL) have been long used as an adjuvant therapy for diabetics. The present study evaluated the in vivo hypoglycemic and hepatoprotective effects of dried and the rice-fried PGL decoctions (PGLD and RPGLD). Our results indicated that both PGLD and RPGLD could significantly decrease the contents of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in diabetic rats. Compared with the HFD/STZ (high-fat diet with streptozotocin) group, the PGLD and RPGLD-treated diabetic rats showed different degrees of recovery against the liver pathological changes. The upregulated expressions of glucokinase (GK), glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2), insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), and insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) in PGLD and RPGLD-treated groups were observed. In general, RPGLD exhibited a much better antidiabetic effect than PGLD, which was further verified by the comprehensive evaluation with the TOPSIS method. Besides, HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) and UPLC-MS/MS (ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry) analyses revealed that the contents of the primary constituents (ellagic acid, hyperoside, isoquercitroside, reynoutrin, guaijaverin, auicularin, and quercetin) in RPGLD increased obviously compared with PGLD. These results shed new light on the antidiabetic potential and mechanism of PGL, as well as the "higher efficacy" of the rice-fried processing method in traditional Chinese medicine.

5.
Oral Oncol ; 121: 105494, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous trial confirmed that induction chemotherapy (IC) improved long-term survival outcomes in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, we investigated the impact of IC on long-term quality of life (QoL) in this cohort. METHODS: Our trial was a randomised, open-label phase 3 trial comparing IC followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) versus CCRT alone in patients with stage III-IVB (except T3N0-1) NPC. All participants completed two self-administered questionnaires, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30) and the EORTC QLQ Head and Neck Cancer-Specific Module (H&N35). As per protocol, the questionnaires had to be completed before knowledge of treatment allocation by the patient (baseline). Patients were then approached to enroll at the time of the present study period. RESULTS: Ultimately, QoL data from 228 patients were included in the analysis. Most scales were both statistically and clinically decreased in both groups between baseline and the latest follow-up. The IC followed by CCRT group had significantly better outcome in role functioning, cognitive functioning, social functioning, fatigue, pain, and constipation in QLQ-C30 scales at the last follow-up. Similarly, in H&N35 scales, a significantly better result was observed in pain, sexuality, sticky saliva, pain killers use, nutritional supplements, and weight loss, but a poorer result in senses problems, for those treated by IC followed by CCRT. CONCLUSION: IC followed by CCRT seemed to have better long-term QoL outcomes compared with CCRT alone in patients with locoregionally advanced NPC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Qualidade de Vida , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Dor
6.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 934, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412621

RESUMO

The human microbiome is defined as the microorganisms that reside in or on the human body, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa, and their genomes. The human microbiome participates in the modulation of human metabolism by influencing several intricate pathways. The association between specific bacteria or viruses and the efficacy of cancer treatments and the occurrence of treatment-related toxicity in cancer patients has been reported. However, the understanding of the interaction between the host microbiome and the cancer treatment response is limited, and the microbiome potentially plays a greater role in the treatment of cancer than reported to date. Here, we provide a thorough review of the potential role of the gut and locally resident bacterial microbiota in modulating responses to different cancer therapeutics to demonstrate the association between the gut or locally resident bacterial microbiota and cancer therapy. Probable mechanisms, such as metabolism, the immune response and the translocation of microbiome constituents, are discussed to promote future research into the association between the microbiome and other types of cancer. We conclude that the interaction between the host immune system and the microbiome may be the basis of the role of the microbiome in cancer therapies. Future research on the association between host immunity and the microbiome may improve the efficacy of several cancer treatments and provide insights into the cause of treatment-related side effects.


Assuntos
Bactérias/imunologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/microbiologia
7.
J Cancer ; 12(14): 4424-4432, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093843

RESUMO

Introduction: Biopsy is essential for some patients with suspected distant metastasis, so we aim to figure out whether biopsy of distant metastasis is associated with impaired survival in NPC. Methods: A total of 743 synchronous metastatic NPC patients from 2004 to 2016 were analyzed from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Propensity score matching was used to control confounders and create a well-balanced cohort. Five-year survival rate estimates and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated. Cox proportional hazard ratios (HRs) were used to identify independent prognostic factors for survival. Results: Of 743 eligible patients, 194 (26.11%) underwent biopsy of distant metastasis. After control for demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics, patients with biopsy of distant metastasis achieved comparable 5-year overall survival (OS) (20.3% vs 24.7%; P = 0.41) and 5-year cancer specific survival (CSS) (31.0% vs 33.6%; P = 0.35) with patients without biopsies. Multivariate analysis further confirmed that biopsy of distant metastasis was not associated with impaired OS (HR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.84-1.25; P = 0.80) or CSS (HR = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.86-1.34; P = 0.54). Conclusions: Biopsy of distant metastasis was not associated with impaired survival outcomes for synchronous metastatic NPC patients. Biopsy of distant metastasis could be another diagnosed choice for patients with suspected distant metastasis.

9.
Theranostics ; 11(13): 6427-6444, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995666

RESUMO

Background: Reportedly, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with MHC I Class aberration are prone to poor survival outcomes, which indicates that the deficiency of tumor neoantigens might represent a mechanism of immune surveillance escape in NPC. Methods: To clearly delineate the landscape of neoantigens in NPC, we performed DNA and RNA sequencing on paired primary tumor, regional lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis samples from 26 patients. Neoantigens were predicted using pVACseq pipeline. Subtype prediction model was built using random forest algorithm. Results: Portraying the landscape of neoantigens in NPC for the first time, we found that the neoantigen load of NPC was above average compared to that of other cancers in The Cancer Genome Atlas program. While the quantity and quality of neoantigens were similar among primary tumor, regional lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis samples, neoantigen depletion was more severe in metastatic sites than in primary tumors. Upon tracking the clonality change of neoantigens, we found that neoantigen reduction occurred during metastasis. Building a subtype prediction model based on reported data, we observed that subtype I lacked T cells and suffered from severe neoantigen depletion, subtype II highly expressed immune checkpoint molecules and suffered from the least neoantigen depletion, and subtype III was heterogenous. Conclusions: These results indicate that neoantigens are conducive to the guidance of clinical treatment, and personalized therapeutic vaccines for NPC deserve deeper basic and clinical investigations to make them feasible in the future.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/secundário , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Antígenos HLA/genética , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Mutação INDEL , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/virologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/virologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Evasão Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/virologia
10.
Oral Oncol ; 115: 105200, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610003

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The current metastatic category (M) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a "catch-all" category, we previously successfully established a M1 subdivision system based on prognostic metastatic characteristics in epidemic areas. We aimed to figure out metastatic characteristics associated with survival outcomes of NPC in non-epidemic areas. METHODS: A total of 428 newly diagnosed de novo metastatic NPC patients from 2010 to 2016 were analyzed from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Cox proportional hazard ratios (HRs) were used to identify independent prognostic factors for survival. RESULTS: The most frequently involved metastatic locations were the bones (53.04%), the lungs (36.68%), the livers (29.21%) and the distant lymph nodes (24.07%). Univariate analysis indicated that bone involvement (HR = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.09-1.77), liver involvement (HR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.12-1.85) and multiple metastatic locations (HR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.04-1.67) were negative prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) for patients with synchronous metastasis. We established a new M1 subdivision system based on metastatic characteristics: M1a, without bone and liver involvement; M1b, single bone or liver involvement; M1c, multiple metastatic locations including bone and/or liver. Multivariate analysis confirmed that our new subcategories were associated with significantly different OS (M1b vs M1a: HR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.11-2.16; M1c vs M1a: HR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.47-2.78). CONCLUSIONS: Synchronous metastatic NPC patients with multiple metastatic locations involved bone and/or liver were prone to suffer from dismal OS and might need more attentions for selection of treatment modality.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(3): 381-390, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of surgery compared with reirradiation in the primary treatment of patients with resectable, locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who have previously received radiotherapy is a matter of debate. In this trial, we compared the efficacy and safety outcomes of salvage endoscopic surgery versus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with resectable locally recurrent NPC. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial was done in three hospitals in southern China. We included patients aged 18-70 years with a Karnofsky Performance Status score of at least 70 who were histopathologically diagnosed with undifferentiated or differentiated, non-keratinising, locally recurrent NPC with tumours confined to the nasopharyngeal cavity, the post-naris or nasal septum, the superficial parapharyngeal space, or the base wall of the sphenoid sinus. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either endoscopic nasopharyngectomy (ENPG group) or IMRT (IMRT group). Randomisation was done manually using a computer-generated random number code and patients were stratified by treatment centre. Treatment group assignment was not masked. The primary endpoint was overall survival, compared between the groups at 3 years. Efficacy analyses were done by intention to treat. Safety analysis was done in patients who received treatment according to the treatment they actually received. This trial was prospectively registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-TRC-11001573, and is currently in follow-up. FINDINGS: Between Sept 30, 2011, and Jan 16, 2017, 200 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive either ENPG (n=100) or IMRT (n=100). At a median follow-up of 56·0 months (IQR 42·0-69·0), 74 patients had died (29 [29%] of 100 patients in the ENPG group and 45 [45%] of 100 patients in the IMRT group). The 3-year overall survival was 85·8% (95% CI 78·9-92·7) in the ENPG group and 68·0% (58·6-77·4) in the IMRT group (hazard ratio 0·47, 95% CI 0·29-0·76; p=0·0015). The most common grade 3 or worse radiation-related late adverse event was pharyngeal mucositis (in five [5%] of 99 patients who underwent ENPG and 26 [26%] of 101 patients who underwent IMRT). Five [5%] of the 99 patients who underwent ENPG and 20 [20%] of the 101 patients who underwent IMRT died due to late toxic effects specific to radiotherapy; attribution to previous radiotherapy or trial radiotherapy is unclear due to the long-term nature of radiation-related toxicity. INTERPRETATION: Endoscopic surgery significantly improved overall survival compared with IMRT in patients with resectable locally recurrent NPC. These results suggest that ENPG could be considered as the standard treatment option for this patient population, although long-term follow-up is needed to further determine the efficacy and toxicity of this strategy. FUNDING: Sun Yat-sen University Clinical Research 5010 Program.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Head Neck ; 43(1): 98-107, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical access for retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) dissection is difficult. We aimed to examine the efficacy of transcervical endoscopic RPLN dissection (TSE-RPLND) for recurrent RPLN in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: From April 2013 to February 2019, a total of 31 patients with NPC diagnosed with RPLN recurrence underwent TSE-RPLND. The clinical characteristics, complications, and survival outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The mean duration of surgery, quantity of bleeding and postoperative hospitalization stay were 347.9 minutes, 107.7 mL, and 8.7 days, respectively. After a median follow-up of 31.0 months, the 2-year locoregional relapse-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, progression-free survival, and overall survival rates were 63.9%, 95.2%, 59.9%, and 83.3%, respectively. The long-term incidences of swallowing problems, permanent nutrient tube, tongue atrophy, and shoulder problems were 6 (19.4%), 3 (9.7%), 3 (9.7%), and 3 (9.7%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TSE-RPLND is an effective method to treat RPLN recurrence in NPC, but nerve injury-related complications should not be ignored.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Dissecação , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Laryngoscope ; 131(6): E1895-E1902, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) recurrence typically undergo reirradiation and experience severe radiotoxicity. Salvage open surgery is challenging because gaining access to the retropharyngeal space is complex and risky. Thus, only several centers can perform this procedure, and complications are common. We applied transoral robotic surgery RPLN dissection (TORS-RPLND) to NPC patients with RPLN recurrence to address the problem with open surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2017 to October 2020, 10 NPC patients with RPLN recurrence underwent TORS-RPLND using the da Vinci Si/Xi Surgical System. We applied the balloon occlusion test to protect the internal carotid artery, induction chemotherapy to shrink large tumors preoperatively, and ultrasound positioning to effectively locate unrecognizable RPLNs during surgery. Clinical characteristics, complications, and survival outcome data were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: Of 10 patients, 8 underwent en bloc resection via TORS-RPLND, and the remaining 2 patients were converted to open surgery because we failed to identify the RPLN during TORS. After introducing intraoperative ultrasound positioning, no such failure occurred. The mean operative time and intraoperative blood loss were 297 ± 120 min and 40 ± 43 ml, respectively. All surgical margins were negative. TORS-related complications were mild, and the most severe one was grade 3 dysphagia in one patient who underwent conversion to open surgery (10%). With a median follow-up of 19 months, only 1 (10%) patient developed cervical recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: TORS-RPLND is feasible, safe, and effective in the treatment of NPC patients with RPLN recurrence, especially with the help of intraoperative ultrasound positioning. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 131:E1895-E1902, 2021.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 814881, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anti-EGFR Targeted agents were found to be capable of modulating the antitumor immunity in head and neck cancer and become more and more frequently used in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC). We aimed to explore whether adding concurrent chemotherapy influences the survival outcome of patients with stage II-IVb NPC treated with concurrent anti-EGFR agents and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and explore other prognostic factors for the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 656 stage II-IVb NPC patients treated with concurrent anti-EGFR agents plus IMRT between January 2011 and November 2015 were enrolled. Firstly, from these patients, a well-balanced cohort of 302 patients who received concurrent chemotherapy was created by matching potential prognostic factors. Furthermore, for all 656 stage II-IVb NPC patients, univariate and multivariate analyses of overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were conducted to identify prognostic factors and to confirm the findings from the matching cohort. RESULTS: Compared with concurrent anti-EGFR agents alone, combining concurrent cisplatin and anti-EGFR agents significantly improved the OS (5-year 94.7% versus 84.3%, P=0.012) and PFS (5-year 82.0% versus 71.7%, P=0.039) of NPC patients with more severe hematologic toxicity and mucositis. The independent prognostic factors identified by multivariate analysis of OS and PFS included concurrent chemotherapy, epstein-barr virus(EBV) status and clinical stage. Patients treated without induction chemotherapy (IC) may achieve more benefits from the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to concurrent anti-EGFR agents. CONCLUSIONS: For stage II-IVb NPC patients treated with concurrent anti-EGFR agents, the addition of concurrent chemotherapy can significantly improve the survival outcome.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 496348, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past five years the Chinese herbal formula (CHF) medicine, Xiaoer-Feike granules (XFG), has become a widely used adjuvant therapy for acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). Considering the rapid popularization and application of XFG, and the lack of systematic evidence evaluating its effectiveness and safety in treating ALRI, it is necessary to conduct a meta-analysis to determine its benefits for patients. METHODS: This study systematically identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of XFG treatments for ALRI through July 2019 using four English-databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid, and Web of Science) and four Chinese-databases (Sino-med database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP database, and the WANFANG database). We then performed a quality assessment and data analysis with Review Manager 5.3.5 and Stata 15.1. RESULTS: Twenty-one RCTs involving 3425 patients were randomly divided into an XFG group and a conventional medicine (CM) group. The results showed that the clinical efficacy rate (CER) of the XFG group was significantly higher than that of the CM group (RR=1.17, 95% CI =1.13-1.22, P< 0.00001). In comparison with the CM group, the XFG group had strikingly shortened: resolution time of cough (RTC) (MD = -1.92; 95% CI =-2.33, -1.51, P<0.00001); resolution time of rale (RTR) (MD = -1.68; 95% CI =-2.27, -1.10, P<0.00001); resolution time of fever (RTF) (MD = -1.46; 95% CI =-1.92, -1.00, P<0.00001); resolution time of inflammatory lesions (RTIL) (MD = -2.43, 95% CI =-2.94, -1.93, P< 0.00001); and hospital stays (HS) (MD = -2.26, 95% CI =-3.03, -1.49, P< 0.00001). At the cellular and molecular level, the CD4, CD8, CD4/CD8, IL-6, TNF-α, and CRP levels were significantly improved when CM was complemented with XFG. In addition, no significant difference was observed between the XFG and CM groups in terms of the adverse events (AE) (RR =0.97, 95% CI= 0.61-1.54, P= 0.89). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this meta-analysis support the use of XFG in the treatment of ALRI. However, these results should be treated with caution due to the significant heterogeneity and publication bias of existing data. Further well-designed and high-quality RCTs are needed to interrogate the efficacy and safety of XFG.

17.
JAMA Oncol ; 6(9): 1345-1352, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701129

RESUMO

Importance: The role of locoregional radiotherapy in patients with de novo metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (mNPC) is unclear. Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of locoregional radiotherapy in de novo mNPC. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients with biopsy-proven mNPC, who demonstrated complete or partial response (RECIST v1.1) following 3 cycles of cisplatin and fluorouracil chemotherapy, were enrolled. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either chemotherapy plus radiotherapy or chemotherapy alone. Overall, 126 of 173 patients screened were eligible to the study, and randomized to chemotherapy plus radiotherapy (n = 63) or chemotherapy alone (n = 63). Median (IQR) follow-up duration was 26.7 (17.2-33.5) months. Interventions: The chemotherapy regimens were fluorouracil continuous intravenous infusion at 5 g/m2 over 120 hours and 100 mg/m2 intravenous cisplatin on day 1, administered every 3 weeks for 6 cycles. Patients assigned to the chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) after chemotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point of the study was overall survival (OS). The secondary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Results: Overall, 126 patients were enrolled (105 men [83.3%] and 21 women [16.7%]; median [IQR] age, 46 [39-52] years). The 24-month OS was 76.4% (95% CI, 64.4%-88.4%) in the chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group, compared with 54.5% (95% CI, 41.0%-68.0%) in the chemotherapy-alone group. The study met its primary end point of improved OS (stratified hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% CI, 0.23-0.77; P = .004) in favor of chemotherapy plus radiotherapy. Progression-free survival was also improved in the chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group compared with the chemotherapy-alone group (stratified HR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.23-0.57). No significant differences in acute hematological or gastrointestinal toxic effects were observed between the treatment arms. The frequency of acute grade 3 or higher dermatitis, mucositis, and xerostomia was 8.1%, 33.9%, and 6.5%, respectively, in the chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group. The frequency of late severe grade 3 or higher hearing loss and trismus was 5.2% and 3.4%, respectively, in the chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, radiotherapy added to chemotherapy significantly improved OS in chemotherapy-sensitive patients with mNPC. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02111460.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
18.
Head Neck ; 42(4): 807-812, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surgery was widely applied as radical treatment for early cancer. We aimed to demonstrate the details of endoscopic nasopharyngectomy (ENPG) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Before operation, we first defined the gross tumor volume (GTV) and surgical tumor volume (STV) for resection. STV was defined as gross tumor volume plus an additional 0.5-1.0 cm peripheral mucosa margin and a 2-3 mm basal margin on the surface skull base. The surgeon was required to follow this planned STV to remove the tumor. RESULTS: En bloc resection was achieved in the endoscopic operation, and multiple margin biopsies were proved pathologically negative. Comparison between preoperative and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed that actual STV (aSTV) had contained the STV completely. Mostly, no death, recurrence, or distant metastasis was observed in this case during the 3-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Techniques of ENPG for treating newly diagnosed localized stage I NPC patients were feasible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Faringectomia , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Arch Toxicol ; 94(1): 245-256, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630224

RESUMO

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is a rare but potentially severe adverse drug reaction. To date, identifying individuals at risk for IDILI remains challenging. This is a prospective study, where a nested case-control (1:5) design was adopted. For six patients who had abnormalities in liver function test after Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) ingestion (susceptible group), 30 patients with normal liver function were matched (tolerant group). Based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, metabolomics analysis was done on serum samples prior to PM ingestion, to screen the differential metabolites and characterize metabolomic profiles of patient serum in the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that there were remarkable separations between susceptible and tolerant groups. A total of 25 major differential metabolites were screened out, involving glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, histidine metabolism and aromatic amino acid metabolism. Wherein, the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves of metabolites PE 22:6, crotonoyl-CoA, 2E-tetradecenoyl-CoA, phenyllactic acid, indole-5,6-quinone, phosphoribosyl-ATP were all greater than 0.9. The overall serum metabolic profile comprising of 25 metabolites could clearly distinguish susceptible and tolerant groups. This proof-of-concept study used metabolomics to characterize the metabolic profile of IDILI risk individuals before drug ingestion for the first time. The metabolome characteristics in patient serum before PM ingestion may predict the risk of liver injury after PM ingestion.


Assuntos
Sangue/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Fallopia multiflora , Adulto , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/sangue , Sangue/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Metabolômica/métodos , Curva ROC
20.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 39(1): 75, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) as the primary curative treatment for newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but the radiation-related complications and relatively high medical costs remain a consequential burden for the patients. Endoscopic nasopharyngectomy (ENPG) was successfully applied in recurrent NPC with radiation free and relatively low medical costs. In this study, we examined whether ENPG could be an effective treatment for localized stage I NPC. METHODS: Ten newly diagnosed localized stage I NPC patients voluntarily received ENPG alone from June 2007 to September 2017 in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Simultaneously, the data of 329 stage I NPC patients treated with IMRT were collected and used as a reference cohort. The survival outcomes, quality of life (QOL), and medical costs between two groups were compared. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 59.0 months (95% CI 53.4-64.6), no death, locoregional recurrence, or distant metastasis was observed in the 10 patients treated with ENPG. The 5-year overall survival, local relapse-free survival, regional relapse-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival among the ENPG-treated patients was similar to that among the IMRT-treated patients (100% vs. 99.1%, 100% vs. 97.7%, 100% vs. 99.0%, 100% vs. 97.4%, respectively, P > 0.05). In addition, compared with IMRT, ENPG was associated with decreased total medical costs ($ 4090.42 ± 1502.65 vs. $ 12620.88 ± 4242.65, P < 0.001) and improved QOL scores including dry mouth (3.3 ± 10.5 vs. 34.4 ± 25.8, P < 0.001) and sticky saliva (3.3 ± 10.5 vs. 32.6 ± 23.3, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ENPG alone was associated with promising long-term survival outcomes, low medical costs, and satisfactory QOL and might therefore be an alternative strategy for treating newly diagnosed localized stage I NPC patients who refused radiotherapy. However, the application of ENPG should be prudent, and prospective clinical trials were needed to further verify the results.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/economia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/economia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/economia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/economia , Adulto Jovem
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