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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21155-21190, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517344

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the role of embryonic gene Cripto-1 (CR-1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using hepatocyte-specific CR-1-overexpressing transgenic mice. The expression of truncated 1.7-kb CR-1 transcript (SF-CR-1) was significantly higher than the full-length 2.0-kb CR-1 transcript (FL-CR-1) in a majority of HCC tissues and cell lines. Moreover, CR-1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher in HCC tissues than adjacent normal liver tissues. Hepatocyte-specific over-expression of CR-1 in transgenic mice enhanced hepatocyte proliferation after 2/3 partial hepatectomy (2/3 PHx). CR-1 over-expression significantly increased in vivo xenograft tumor growth of HCC cells in nude mice and in vitro HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. CR-1 over-expression in the transgenic mouse livers deregulated HCC-related signaling pathways such as AKT, Wnt/ß-catenin, Stat3, MAPK/ERK, JNK, TGF-ß and Notch, as well as expression of HCC-related genes such as CD5L, S100A8, S100A9, Timd4, Orm2, Orm3, PDK4, DMBT1, G0S2, Plk2, Plk3, Gsta1 and Gsta2. However, histological signs of precancerous lesions, hepatocyte dysplasia or HCC formation were not observed in the livers of 3-, 6- or 8-month-old hepatocyte-specific CR-1-overexpressing transgenic mice. These findings demonstrate that liver-specific CR-1 overexpression in transgenic mice deregulates signaling pathways and genes associated with HCC.

2.
Exp Neurol ; 346: 113863, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520727

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD), the most common neurodegenerative motor disorder, is currently incurable. Although many studies have provided insights on the substantial influence of genetic factors on the occurrence and development of PD, the molecular mechanism underlying the disease is largely unclear. Previous studies have shown that point mutations in the phospholipase A2 group VI gene (PLA2G6) correlate with young-onset dystonia-parkinsonism type 14 (PARK14). However, limited information is available regarding the pathogenic role of this gene and the mechanism underlying its function. To study the role of PLA2G6 mutations, we first used zebrafish larvae to screen six PLA2G6 mutations and revealed that injection of D331Y, T572I, and R741Q mutation constructs induced phenotypes such as motility defects and reduction in dopaminergic neurons. The motility defects could be alleviated by treatment with L-3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa), indicating that these mutations are pathological for PARK14 symptoms. Furthermore, the injection of D331Y and T572I mutation constructs reduced phospholipase activity of PLA2G6 and its lipid metabolites, which confirmed that these two mutations are loss-of-function mutations. Metabolomic analysis revealed that D331Y or T572I mutation led to higher phospholipid and lower docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels, indicating that reduced DHA levels are pathological for defective motor functions. Further, a dietary DHA supplement relieved the motility defects in PLA2G6D331Y/D331Y knock-in mice. This result revealed that the D331Y mutation caused defective PLA2G6 phospholipase activity and consequently reduced the DHA level, which is the pathogenic factor responsible for PARK14. The results of this study will facilitate the development of therapeutic strategies for PARK14.

3.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 223, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors mainly mediate the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid, which is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Abundant evidence suggests that GABAA receptors play a key role in sleep-regulating processes. No genetic association study has explored the relationships between GABAA receptor genes and sleep duration, sleep quality, and sleep timing in humans. METHODS: We determined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the GABAA receptor genes GABRA1, GABRA2, GABRB3, GABRA5, and GABRG3 and sleep duration, sleep quality, and sleep timing in the Taiwan Biobank with a sample of 10,127 Taiwanese subjects. There were 10,142 subjects in the original study cohort. We excluded 15 subjects with a medication history of sedative-hypnotics. RESULTS: Our data revealed an association of the GABRB3-GABRA5-GABRG3 gene cluster with sleep duration, which has not been previously identified: rs79333046 (beta = - 0.07; P = 1.21 × 10-3) in GABRB3, rs189790076 (beta = 0.92; P = 1.04 × 10-3) in GABRA5, and rs147619342 (beta = - 0.72; P = 3.97 × 10-3) in GABRG3. The association between rs189790076 in GABRA5 and sleep duration remained significant after Bonferroni correction. A variant (rs12438141) in GABRB3 was also found to act as a potential expression quantitative trait locus. Additionally, we discovered interactions between variants in the GABRB3-GABRA5-GABRG3 gene cluster and lifestyle factors, such as tea and coffee consumption, smoking, and physical activity, that influenced sleep duration, although some interactions became nonsignificant after Bonferroni correction. We also found interactions among GABRB3, GABRA5, and GABRG3 that affected sleep duration. Furthermore, we identified an association of rs7165524 (beta = - 0.06; P = 2.20 × 10-3) in GABRA5 with sleep quality and an association of rs79465949 (beta = - 0.12; P = 3.95 × 10-3) in GABRB3 with sleep timing, although these associations became nonsignificant after Bonferroni correction. However, we detected no evidence of an association of individual SNPs in GABRA1 and GABRA2. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that rs189790076 in GABRA5 and gene-gene interactions among GABRB3, GABRA5, and GABRG3 may contribute to sleep duration in the Taiwanese population.

4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 577: 130-138, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517210

RESUMO

Gliomas are the major type of primary brain tumors. Accumulating research has demonstrated that tubulin is connected with the development and malignant progression of tumors. TUBA1C is a subtype of α-tubulin and is linked to prognosis in multiple cancers. In this study, the prognosis-related gene TUBA1C in glioma was identified and analyzed by bioinformatic approaches such as Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival time analysis, univariate and multivariate Cox analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and functional enrichment analysis. Based on the above analyses, we found that glioma tissues had significantly higher expression of TUBA1C than normal brain tissues, and high expression of TUBA1C has worse prognosis in glioma. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) revealed the signaling pathways related to the cell cycle. Furthermore, knockdown of TUBA1C also inhibited proliferation and migration and caused apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest in glioma cells. This study demonstrated that high TUBA1C expression correlated with poor outcomes in glioma patients and that knocking down TUBA1C suppressed glioma cell proliferation via cell cycle arrest. In addition, TUBA1C might be a therapeutic biomarker for gliomas.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501876

RESUMO

Water level management is an important part of urban water system management. In flood season, the river should be controlled to ensure the ecological and landscape water level. In non-flood season, the water level should be lowered to ensure smooth drainage. In urban areas, the response of the river water level to rainfall and artificial regulation is relatively rapid and strong. Therefore, building a mathematical model to forecast the short-term trend of urban river water levels can provide a scientific basis for decision makers and is of great significance for the management of urban water systems. With a focus on the high uncertainty of urban river water level prediction, a real-time rolling forecast method for the short-term water levels of urban internal rivers and external rivers was constructed, based on long short-term memory (LSTM). Fuzhou City, China was used as the research area, and the forecast performance of LSTM was analyzed. The results confirm the feasibility of LSTM in real-time rolling forecasting of water levels. The absolute errors at different times in each forecast were compared, and the various characteristics and causes of the errors in the forecast process were analyzed. The forecast performance of LSTM under different rolling intervals and different forecast periods was compared, and the recommended values are provided as a reference for the construction of local operational forecast systems.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502166

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common side effect of typical chemotherapeutics among cancer survivors. Despite the recent progress, the effective prevention and treatment strategies for CIPN remain limited. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of CIPN may provide new niches for developing a new ideal therapeutic strategy. This review summarizes the current understanding of CIPN and current recommendations along with completed/active clinical trials and aims to foster translational research to improve the development of effective strategies for managing CIPN.

7.
Environ Res ; : 112035, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509483

RESUMO

Activated carbon is commonly used to remove dioxins from flue gas via adsorption. Improving the targeted adsorption capacity of activated carbon for dioxins can reduce the consumption of adsorbents and help achieve emission standards for target pollutants. Here, commercial coal-based activated carbon was used as a raw material and modified by urea impregnation along with treatment at high temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere. It was found that modification with urea effectively improved the pore structure of activated carbon while incorporating a certain amount of nitrogen. The best modification effect was achieved at a modification temperature of 600 °C, an impregnation ratio of urea to activated carbon of 1:1, and with high-temperature treatment for 2 h. The mesopore volume of the modified activated carbon (AC600) reached 0.38 cm3/g, accounting for 57.58% of the total pore volume. With an impregnation ratio of urea to activated carbon of 1:1, high-temperature treatment for 2 h, and a modification temperature of 800 °C, a certain amount of nitrogen was introduced into the carbon rings to form a modified activated carbon (AC800) rich in pyridine and pyrrole groups (atomic percentage = 4.84%). The activated carbon modified by urea and the unmodified activated carbon were subsequently selected for dioxin adsorption experiments using a dioxin generation and adsorption system. AC600 showed the highest adsorption efficiency for dioxins, reaching 97.65%, based on toxicity equivalents. Although AC800 has poor pore properties, it has more pyridine and pyrrole groups than AC600. Consequently, the efficiency of AC800 at adsorbing low-concentration dioxins reached 85.24% based on toxicity equivalents. Overall, this study describes two mechanisms for effectively modifying activated carbon with urea based on (1) optimizing the pore structure of activated carbon and (2) incorporating nitrogen.

8.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520103

RESUMO

Cancer and its associated conditions have significant impacts on public health at many levels worldwide, and cancer is the leading cause of death among adults. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα)-specific agonists, fibrates, have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for managing hyperlipidemia. PPARα-specific agonists exert anti-cancer effects in many human cancer types, including glioblastoma (GBM). Recently, we have reported that the hypoxic state in GBM stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), thus contributing to tumor escape from immune surveillance by activating the expression of the pH-regulating protein carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9). In this study, we aimed to study the regulatory effects of the PPARα agonist fibrate on the regulation of HIF-1α expression and its downstream target protein in GBM. Our findings showed that fenofibrate is the high potency compound among the various fibrates that inhibit hypoxia-induced HIF-1α and CA9 expression in GBM. Moreover, fenofibrate-inhibited HIF-1α expression is mediated by HO-1 activation in GBM cells through the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway. In addition, fenofibrate-enhanced HO-1 upregulation activates SIRT1 and leads to subsequent accumulation of SIRT1 in the nucleus, which further promotes HIF-1α deacetylation and inhibits CA9 expression. Using a protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, we also observed that fenofibrate inhibited HIF-1α protein synthesis. In addition, the administration of the proteasome inhibitor MG132 showed that fenofibrate promoted HIF-1α protein degradation in GBM. Hence, our results indicate that fenofibrate is a useful anti-GBM agent that modulates hypoxia-induced HIF-1α expression through multiple cellular pathways.

9.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500706

RESUMO

The fungal strain YPGA3 was isolated from the sediments of the Yap Trench and identified as Penicillium thomii. Eight new chromone derivatives, named penithochromones M-T (1-8), along with two known analogues, 9 and 10, were isolated from the strain. The structures were established by detailed analyses of the spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of the only chiral center in compound 1 was tentatively determined by comparing the experimental and the calculated specific rotations. Compounds 7 and 8 represent the first examples of chromone derivatives featuring a 5,7-dioxygenated chromone moiety with a 9-carbon side chain. Bioassay study revealed that compounds 6-10 exhibited remarkable inhibition against α-glucosidase with IC50 values ranging from 268 to 1017 µM, which are more active than the positive control acarbose (1.3 mmol).

10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(13): 3343-3355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512151

RESUMO

Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation and matrix expansion are basic pathological characteristics of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, the stepwise mechanism of MC proliferation and the exact set of related signaling molecules remain largely unclear. In this study, we found a significant upregulation of miR-214-3p in the renal cortex of IgAN mice by miRNA sequencing. In situ hybridization analysis showed that miR-214-3p expression was obviously elevated in MCs in the renal cortex in IgAN. Functionally, knockdown of miR-214-3p alleviated mesangial hypercellularity and renal lesions in IgAN mice. In vitro, the inhibition of miR-214-3p suppressed MC proliferation and arrested G1-S cell cycle pSrogression in IgAN. Mechanistically, a luciferase reporter assay verified PTEN as a direct target of miR-214-3p. Downregulation of miR-214-3p increased PTEN expression and reduced p-JNK and p-c-Jun levels, thereby inhibiting MC proliferation and ameliorating renal lesions in IgAN. Moreover, these changes could be attenuated by co-transfection with PTEN siRNA. Collectively, these results illustrated that miR-214-3p accelerated MC proliferation in IgAN by directly targeting PTEN to modulate JNK/c-Jun signaling. Therefore, miR-214-3p may represent a novel therapeutic target for IgAN.

11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 4628050, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512864

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate the protective effect of γ-oryzanol (ORY) against hepatic ischemia reperfusion (HIR) injury and the potential protective mechanisms of ORY. ORY is an important biologically active ingredient isolated from rice bran oil, which has anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects. However, it is still unknown whether ORY can protect the liver from the HIR damage. In this study, ORY was administered orally for seven days, after which the animals were subjected to liver ischemia for 60 minutes and reperfused for 6 hours. Related indicators were analyzed. The results showed that ORY pretreatment significantly reduced the levels of AST and ALT, relieved hepatocellular damage and apoptosis, and attenuated the exhaustion of SOD and GSH and accumulation of MDA and MPO. Interestingly, ORY treatment could significantly decreased ER stress. Furthermore, ORY pretreatment remarkably reduced the protein expressions of HMGB1, NLRP3, caspase-1 (p20), and IL-1ß to protect the liver from I/R-induced inflammasome activation and apoptosis. In conclusion, we demonstrated the potential effect of ORY in modulating oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and inflammasome activation during HIR.

12.
Environ Technol ; : 1-23, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516343

RESUMO

AbstractAmmonia (NH3) stripping by microwave irradiation was used to increase the efficiency of anaerobic digestion. The effects of final temperature (FT) (80 ≤ FT ≤ 100°C) and microwave irradiation time (MIT) (2.5 ≤ MIT ≤ 5.5 min) of NH3 stripping, and hydraulic retention time (HRT) (7 ≤ HRT ≤ 20 d) in anaerobic digester were quantified. NH3 concentration decreased from 2,794 mg/L to 140 mg/L within 5.5 min at FT = 100°C. The highest cumulative biogas production (> 1,800 mL/L) and efficiency of volatile solid removal (> 68%) were achieved at FT = 100°C and MIT = 5.5 min. Removal efficiency of volatile solid in digesters fed with untreated swine wastewater (control) and swine wastewater treated by NH3 stripping decreased as HRT decreased. The highest relative improvement of properties compared to the control occurred at 10 or 15 d HRT. Increases in biogas production compared to the control increased with the NH3 stripping as HRT was reduced to 10 d (243% higher at 10 d). The methane content of the produced biogas was 64-69% for control and 68-75% with NH3 stripping in the range of 10-20 d HRT. NH3 stripping using microwave irradiation is an effective pretreatment to improve anaerobic digestion of swine wastewater.

13.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e049277, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518261

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and osteoporosis are common chronic diseases, especially for the postmenopausal women. Several original studies explore the association, but there still controversial. Therefore, we will conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between periodontal disease and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study adheres to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Protocols. We will systematically search Medline/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science and Scopus from inception to August 2021 to collect all relevant publications, with no restrictions on publication date or languages. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment will be conducted independently by two trained reviewers independently. The Cochrane's tool for assessing risk of bias, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality will be used for the risk of bias assessment. OR, HR and risk ratio with 95% CI were considered as the effect size for dichotomous outcomes, weighted mean difference with 95% CI were calculated as the effect size for continuous outcomes. Random-effects models will be used. Heterogeneity between studies will be assessed via the forest plot and I². Publication bias will detected by funnel plots, Begg's test and Egger's test. The subgroup analyses and sensitivity ananlyses will also be used to explore and interpret the heterogeneity. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval. We will disseminate our findings by publishing results in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021225746.

14.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132060, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507145

RESUMO

Freshwater resilience is facing to an increasing challenge, while carbon neutral wastewater reclamation has been put onto agenda in more and more countries. The activated sludge-microfiltration (MF)-reverse osmosis (RO) process has been currently adopted for reclamation of municipal wastewater to high-grade product water (e.g. NEWater). However, the conventional activated sludge (CAS) unit in this process has the drawbacks of excessive sludge generation, high energy consumption, greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions etc. To address these emerging issues, an integrated anaerobic fixed-film membrane bioreactor (AnfMBR)-RO-chlorination process was developed in this study. Results showed that about 99.9% of COD, 99.3% of phosphate and 95.3% of NH4+-N were removed in the AnfMBR-RO process, while breakpoint chlorination served as a polishing step when the NH4+-N concentration in RO permeate exceeded the typical NH4+-N concentration (e.g. 1 mg/L) of NEWater. The net energy consumption and total GHG emissions in the proposed integrated process were estimated to be 0.33 kWh/m3 and 310.2 g CO2e/m3 influent wastewater treated, respectively, which were 64% and 74% less than those in the current municipal wastewater reclamation process. Consequently, this study offers an alternative path to bring municipal wastewater reclamation one step closer to carbon neutrality and water sustainability.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150042, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525709

RESUMO

Although four major natural estrogens (i.e., estrone (E1), 17ß-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3) and 17α-estradiol (αE2)) have been commonly found in livestock urine, this study reports the occurrence of eight other less-studied natural estrogens in urine of swine and cattle, i.e. 2-hydroxyestone (2OHE1), 4-hydroxyestrone (4OHE1), 2-hydroxyestradiol (2OHE2), 4-hydroxyestradiol (4OHE2), 16-epiestriol (16epiE3), 16α-hydroxyestrone (16αE1), 16-ketoestradiol (16ketoE2), and 17epiestriol (17epiE3). Results showed that each estrogen was found in at least one urine sample, and 6 of 8 the less-studied estrogens were present at frequencies of ≥90% in boars, ≥70% in sows, and ≥50% in dairy cattle. Five of eight the less-studied estrogens were present at frequencies of ≥33.3% in four beef cattle and one bull. On a concentration basis, the 8 less-studied natural estrogens represented 73.2%, 85.2%, 39.9%, 47.7%, 26.9%, 56.0% and 44.1% of total concentrations of the twelve natural estrogens when combining data from all animals. Similar results were observed based on estrogen equivalence, which indicated these newly detected eight less-studied natural estrogens were not negligible. This work is the first to figure out the importance of these less-studied natural estrogens in livestock urine, and their potential environmental risks associated with discharge of livestock wastewater should be urgently assessed in a holistic manner.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126128, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492922

RESUMO

This study demonstrated that As(III) was appreciably removed by ferrate in the presence of straw biochar. Removal efficiency of As in ferrate/biochar system was over 91%, increased by 34% compared with ferrate alone ([biochar]0 = 10 mg/L, [ferrate]0 = 6 mg/L, [As(III)]0 = 200 µg/L). In the reaction process, As(III) was oxidized to As(V) mainly by ferrate, while ferrate was reduced into ferric (hydr)oxides and coated on the biochar. Biochar was oxidized in the reaction and its surface area, pore volume and the amount of Lewis acid functional groups were substantially improved, which provided interaction sites for As adsorption. Analysis of hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential revealed that biochar interacted with the ferrate resulted ferric oxides and enlarged the Fe-C-As particle/floc, which promoted their settlement and thus the liquid-solid separation of As. As(V) was adsorbed on the surface of biochar and ferric (hydr)oxides through hydrogen bond, electrostatic attraction and As-(OFe) bond. Ferrate/biochar was not only effective for As removal, but removed 73.31% of As, 50.38% of Cd, and 75.27% of Tl when these hazardous species synchronously existed in polluted water (initial content: As, 100 µg/L; Cd, 50 µg/L; Tl, 1 µg/L). The combination of ferrate with biochar has potential for the remediation of hazardous species polluted water.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3907-3914, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472267

RESUMO

To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Potentilla discolor on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzensulfonic acid(TNBS)-induced experimental ulcerative colitis(UC) in rats and to determine its therapeutic mechanism through mitochondrial autophagy, immune cells, and cytokines. A rat model of UC was established by TNBS-ethanol enema. Rats were divided into six groups: control, UC model, sulfasalazine(positive drug), and high-dose, moderate-dose, and low-dose ethanol extract groups. After 14-day continuous administration of the corresponding drugs, the disease activity index(DAI) and hematoxylin and eosin(HE) were evaluated. The morphological structure of mitochondria was observed by using transmission electron microscope(TEM), mitophagy-related mRNA expression was detected by using Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR), immune cell differentiation in rat serum was detected by using flow cytometry(FCM), and cytokine expression in colon tissues of rats was detected by protein microarray. The results showed that compared with the model group, each dose group of P. discolor could significantly reduce the DAI of UC model rats, and decrease the degree of inflammatory cells infiltration in the colon tissue of UC model rats. Meanwhile the expressions of T cells and Th cells in the serum increased significantly, the expression of Tc cells in the serum decreased significantly. Transmission electron microscope found that there was fusion of mitochondria and lysosomes in the colon tissue of the administration group. The expressions of mitochondrial autophagy related genes NF-κB, p62 and parkin were significantly increased in colon tissues. The results of protein chip showed that compared with the model group, the high dose group of P. discolor could significantly regulate the expression of cytokines. In conclusion, these results suggested that P. discolor improved TNBS-induced acute ulcerative colitis in rats by regulating the mitochondrial autophagy and the inflammatory factor expression.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Potentilla , Animais , Autofagia , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colo , Mitocôndrias , Potentilla/genética , Ratos
18.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 667951, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484110

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the relationships among gut microbiota, primary aldosteronism (PA), and related metabolic disorders. Methods: The study enrolled 13 PA patients, 26 sex-matched primary hypertension patients, and 26 sex-matched healthy controls. Demographic and clinical characteristics such as age, body mass index (BMI), blood aldosterone-renin ratio, blood potassium, blood glucose, blood lipid parameters, and history of diabetes mellitus (DM) were compared between the three groups. The gut microbiota of each participant was examined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to demonstrate the relationship between gut microbiota and clinical characteristics. Results: BMI and the percentage of DM in PA patients were higher than those in healthy controls (p < 0.05), but not higher than those in primary hypertension patients (p > 0.05). The gut microbiota of healthy controls and primary hypertension patients had a higher alpha diversity level than that of PA patients. PA patients had fewer short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing genera (Prevotella, Blautia, Coprococcus, Anaerostipes, and Ruminococcus) and more inflammation-associated genera (Megamonas, Sutterella, and Streptococcus) than healthy controls (p < 0.05). The gut microbiota of PA patients was more inclined to encode microbial pathways involved in sugar metabolism, such as starch and sucrose metabolism and fructose and mannose metabolism. Blood potassium was negatively correlated with the relative abundance of Romboutsia (R = -0.364, q = 0.023). Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was positively correlated with Romboutsia (R = 0.386, q = 0.015). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was negatively correlated with Blautia (R = -0.349, q = 0.030). Conclusions: The alteration of gut microbiota in PA patients, especially bacteria and pathways involved in inflammation, SCFAs, and sugar metabolism, may be associated with chronic metabolic disorders.

19.
Front Public Health ; 9: 713895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485236

RESUMO

The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) is widely used to evaluate the efficacy of cancer management outcomes for individual countries. However, the association among health care expenditure, human development index (HDI), and changes in MIR over time (δMIR) remains unknown. We aimed to elucidate the significance between these indicators and gastric cancer outcomes in different countries. Among the regions, Asia had the highest number of new gastric cancer cases, gastric cancer-related deaths, age-standardized ratio of incidence, and mortality. Chile had the highest age-standardized ratio (ASR) for gastric cancer incidence and the highest ASR for mortality. Moreover, MIR was highest in Africa (0.91) and lowest in North America (0.43). Of note, MIR was negatively associated with HDI, current health expenditure (CHE) per capita, and CHE/GDP % and δMIR was positively associated with CHE/GDP % in countries with very high HDI. However, δMIR showed no significant associations with these indicators in the countries analyzed. In conclusion, increased HDI, CHE per capita, and CHE/GDP are associated with improved gastric cancer outcomes. In addition, the δMIR could be an indicator that can be used to evaluate the improvement in cancer management outcomes over time.

20.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of chemical insecticides to control Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is widespread, although it might exert a sublethal effect on its dominant parasitoid, Encarsia formosa Gahan (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). To investigate the sublethal effect of spirotetramat on E. formosa, we observed the ability of E. formosa to locate and handle the host, oviposit and preen after exposure to sublethal concentrations of spirotetramat. RESULTS: After exposure to spirotetramat at LC50 , the response time of E. formosa to the volatile reached 223.40 s and was significantly prolonged, only 56.44% of the wasps were attracted by the volatile; also, the insect crawled the slowest. The averages of oviposition posture adopted and host handled by each E. formosa in 1 h decreased significantly to 1.79 and 1.27, respectively. At the sublethal concentration of LC10 , 94.59% of the wasps were attracted by the volatile, and the insect crawled the fastest. The average of host handled by each E. formosa was 3.92, and the frequency of drumming while walking and drumming the host was 12.34 times per second and 12.30 times per second, respectively, demonstrating a significant acceleration in these abilities. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that spirotetramat induced hormesis in E. formosa upon exposure to its LC10 concentration and accelerated its host locating, host handling and frequency of antennae drumming. These findings would assist in balancing the chemical and biological control of B. tabaci and enhancing the efficacy of E. formosa as a biocontrol agent.

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