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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123362, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629343

RESUMO

This study examined the role of intermittent illumination/dark conditions coupled with MnO2-ammendments to regulate the mobility of As and Fe in flooded arsenic-enriched soils. Addition of MnO2 particles with intermittent illumination led to a pronounced increase in the reductive-dissolution of Fe(III) and As(V) from flooded soils compared to a corresponding dark treatments. A higher MnO2 dosage (0.10 vs 0.02 g) demonstrated a greater effect. Over a 49-day incubation, maximum Fe concentrations mobilized from the flooded soils amended with 0.10 and 0.02 g MnO2 particles were 2.39 and 1.85-fold higher than for non-amended soils under dark conditions. The corresponding maximum amounts of mobilized As were at least 92 % and 65 % higher than for non-amended soils under dark conditions, respectively. Scavenging of excited holes by soil humic/fulvic compounds increased mineral photoelectron production and boosted Fe(III)/As(V) reduction in MnO2-amended, illuminated soils. Additionally, MnO2 amendments shifted soil microbial community structure by enriching metal-reducing bacteria (e.g., Anaeromyxobacter, Bacillus and Geobacter) and increasing c-type cytochrome production. This microbial diversity response to MnO2 amendment facilitated direct contact extracellular electron transfer processes, which further enhanced Fe/As reduction. Subsequently, the mobility of released Fe(II) and As(III) was partially attenuated by adsorption, oxidation, complexation and/or coprecipitation on active sites generated on MnO2 surfaces during MnO2 dissolution. These results illustrated the impact of a semiconducting MnO2 mineral in regulating the biogeochemical cycles of As/Fe in soil and demonstrated the potential for MnO2-based bioremediation strategies for arsenic-polluted soils.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123378, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659583

RESUMO

A novel nanomaterial (L-Cu&Mn-nZVFe@B) was synthesized and was applied to nitrate selective reduction under UV irradiation and persulfate activation in the presence of oxalic acid. Results denoted the deposition of copper could prompt the nitrate conversion and improve the nitrate conversion significantly. The high nitrate conversion was on account of the formation of galvanic cells accelerating the generation of electrons, in which Fe° acted as anode and Cu° acted as cathode. Meanwhile, the coexistence of Cu2O and MnO2 exhibited excellent photocatalytic performance with the obvious improvement of N2 selectivity because of the formation of heterojunction could boost the generation of CO2-. Furthermore, the deposition of manganese could also accelerate the generation of CO2- through the activation of persulfate. The conversion of NO3- was almost 100 % and the N2 selectivity could reach 81.57 % by the S2O82-/UV/L-Cu&Mn-nZVFe@B/H2C2O4 system when the initial nitrate concentration was 100 mg /L, the L-Cu&Mn-nZVFe@B dosage was 6.0 g/L, the H2C2O4 dosage was 15 mmol/L, pH was 5.0, the reaction time was 100 min under 25 °C. Research provides an alternative approach for selective reduction nitrate into nitrogen.

3.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(1): 80-92, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788451

RESUMO

Stroke is a main cause of death and disability worldwide. The ability of the brain to self-repair in the acute and chronic phases after stroke is minimal; however, promising stem cell-based interventions are emerging that may give substantial and possibly complete recovery of brain function after stroke. Many animal models and clinical trials have demonstrated that neural stem cells (NSCs) in the central nervous system can orchestrate neurological repair through nerve regeneration, neuron polarization, axon pruning, neurite outgrowth, repair of myelin, and remodeling of the microenvironment and brain networks. Compared with other types of stem cells, NSCs have unique advantages in cell replacement, paracrine action, inflammatory regulation and neuroprotection. Our review summarizes NSC origins, characteristics, therapeutic mechanisms and repair processes, then highlights current research findings and clinical evidence for NSC therapy. These results may be helpful to inform the direction of future stroke research and to guide clinical decision-making.

4.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 13(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065962

RESUMO

In the wake of recent advances in machine learning research, the study of pharmacogenomics using predictive algorithms serves as a new paradigmatic application. In this work, our goal was to explore an ensemble machine learning approach which aims to predict probable antidepressant treatment response and remission in major depressive disorder (MDD). To discover the status of antidepressant treatments, we established an ensemble predictive model with a feature selection algorithm resulting from the analysis of genetic variants and clinical variables of 421 patients who were treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. We also compared our ensemble machine learning framework with other state-of-the-art models including multi-layer feedforward neural networks (MFNNs), logistic regression, support vector machine, C4.5 decision tree, naïve Bayes, and random forests. Our data revealed that the ensemble predictive algorithm with feature selection (using fewer biomarkers) performed comparably to other predictive algorithms (such as MFNNs and logistic regression) to derive the perplexing relationship between biomarkers and the status of antidepressant treatments. Our study demonstrates that the ensemble machine learning framework may present a useful technique to create bioinformatics tools for discriminating non-responders from responders prior to antidepressant treatments.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066104

RESUMO

Antibiotic-loaded polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been widely applied in the treatment of knee periprosthetic joint infections. However, problems with antibiotic-loaded PMMA-based spacers, such as structural fracture and implant dislocation, remain unresolved. A novel polyethylene-based spacer, designed with an ultra-congruent articulating surface and multiple fenestrations, was introduced in the current study. Validation tests for biomechanical safety, wear performance, and efficacy of antibiotic cement were reported. During cycle fatigue testing, no tibial spacer failures were observed, and less wear debris generation was reported compared to commercial PMMA-based spacers. The volumetric wear of the novel spacer was within the safety threshold for osteolysis-free volumetric wear. An effective infection control was demonstrated despite the application of lesser antibiotic cement in the 30-day antibiotic elution test. The tube dilution test confirmed adequate inhibitory capabilities against pathogens with the loaded antibiotic option utilized in the current study. The novel polyethylene-based knee spacer may offer sufficient biomechanical safety and serve as an adequate carrier of antibiotic-loaded cement for infection control. Further clinical trials shall be conducted for more comprehensive validation of the novel spacer for practical application.

6.
Bioengineered ; 11(1): 1084-1098, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054494

RESUMO

The relationship between Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitors 2B Antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1) variants rs1333049 G/C and rs4977574 A/G and the risk of coronary heart disease is unclear. We conducted an update analysis incorporating odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals to assess the correlation. Furthermore, we used in silico analysis to investigate the genes and proteins that interact with CDKN2B. Fifty case-control studies with a sample size of 35,915 cases and 48,873 controls were involved. We revealed that the rs1333049 C allele could increase the risk of coronary heart disease in the overall analysis (allele comparison, OR = 1.13, 95%CI = 1.05-1.21, P = 0.001; homozygous contrast, OR = 1.29, 95%CI = 1.11-1.49, P = 0.001; dominant comparison, OR = 1.14, 95%CI = 1.03-1.27, P = 0.011; recessive comparison, OR = 1.21, 95%CI = 1.10-1.34, P < 0.001). In subgroup analysis, positive correlations were detected in studies involving West and East Asians and in population-based control studies. The rs4977574 G allele was also a risk factor for coronary heart disease (allelic comparison, P = 0.001; heterozygous comparison, P = 0.003; homozygous comparison, P < 0.001; dominant comparison, P = 0.001). These results indicate correlation of CDKN2B-AS1 rs1333049 G/C and rs4977574 A/G variants may be correlated with the risk of coronary heart disease. Abbreviations CDK: Cyclin Dependent Kinase; CCND: G1/S-specific cyclin-D; CDKN: Cyclin Dependent Kinase Inhibitor; GWAS: Genome-wide association study; CDKN2B-AS1: Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitors 2B Antisense RNA 1; CHD: Coronary heart disease; MAF: minor allele frequencies; HWE: Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of controls; CI: confidence interval; COL8A2: Collagen type VIII alpha 2 chain; HB: Hospital-based; ORs: odds ratios; ITGA11: Integrin subunit alpha 11; LTBP: Latent transforming factor beta binding protein; PB: Population-based; IBC: Itmat Broad Care; NA: Not applicable; PCR-RFLP: polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism; MI: Myocardial Infarction; SNP: single nucleotide polymorphism; SMAD: Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog; RT-PCR: Real-time polymerase chain reaction; UK: United Kingdom.

7.
J Insect Sci ; 20(5)2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057682

RESUMO

Trehalose plays a crucial role in the diapause process of many insects, serving as an energy source and a stress protectant. Trehalose accumulation has been reported in diapause pupae of Antheraea pernyi; however, trehalose metabolic regulatory mechanisms associated with diapause termination remain unclear. Here, we showed that the enhanced trehalose catabolism was associated with an increase in endogenous 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) in hemolymph of A. pernyi pupae during their diapause termination and posttermination period. Injection of 20E increased the mRNA level of trehalase 1A (ApTre-1A) and trehalase 2 (ApTre-2) of A. pernyi diapause pupae in a dose-dependent manner but did not affect the mRNA level of trehalase 1B (ApTre-1B). Meanwhile, exogenous 20E increased the enzyme activities of soluble and membrane-bound trehalase, leading to a decline in hemolymph trehalose. Conversely, the expression of ApTre-1A and ApTre-2 were down-regulated after the ecdysone receptor gene (ApEcRB1) was silenced by RNA interference or by injection of an ecdysone receptor antagonist cucurbitacin B (CucB), which inhibits the 20E pathway. Moreover, CucB treatment delayed adult emergence, which suggests that ApEcRB1 might be involved in regulating pupal-adult development of A. pernyi by mediating ApTre-1A and ApTre-2 expressions. This study provides an overview of the changes in the expression and activity of different trehalase enzymes in A. pernyi in response to 20E, confirming the important role of 20E in controlling trehalose catabolism during A. pernyi diapause termination and posttermination period.

8.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057978

RESUMO

Stroke-associated infection (SAI) is a major medical complication in acute ischemic stroke patients (AIS) treated with endovascular therapy (EVT). Three hundred thirty-three consecutive patients with AIS caused by a large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation who received EVT (142 (42.6%) of them were given IV tPA as bridging therapy) and 337 AIS patients who received IV tPA only (non-EVT) were enrolled in the study and evaluated to determine the association of inflammatory factors on admission with SAI. Among the 333 AIS patients undergoing EVT, SAI occurred in 219 (65.8%) patients. Patients with SAI had higher baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) total scores, white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) than those without SAI (P < 0.05). The multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that older age in addition to higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP), NIHSS score, fasting blood glucose, WBC and neutrophil counts, NLR, and PLR were significantly associated with SAI (P < 0.05). However, these associations were not revealed in 337 non-EVT AIS patients. Furthermore, based on the inflammatory markers, we developed a nomogram that provided the opportunity for more accurate predictions (compared with conventional factors) and appeared a better prognostic tool for SAI according to the decision curve analysis. In summary, if proven externally valid, our nomogram that included WBC count, NLR, and PLR may be a useful tool for SAI prediction in clinical practice.

9.
J Proteome Res ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058664

RESUMO

Rapid identification of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (hVISA), and vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) is important for accurate treatment, timely intervention, and prevention of outbreaks. Here, 90 S. aureus isolates were analyzed for protein biomarker discovery, including MSSA, vancomycin-susceptible S. aureus (VSSA), hVISA, and VISA strains. Label-free data-independent acquisition proteomics was used to identify protein biomarkers that allow for discrimination among MSSA, hVISA, and VISA strains. There were 8786 nonredundant peptides identified, corresponding to 418 different annotated nonredundant proteins. Two VISA protein biomarkers, two hVISA protein biomarkers, and one MSSA protein biomarker with high sensitivities and specificities were discovered and verified. Data are available via MassIVE with identifier MSV000085776.

11.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 10925-10939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042262

RESUMO

Rationale: Brain metastasis in patients with lung cancer is life-threatening. However, the molecular mechanism for this catastrophic disease remains elusive, and few druggable targets are available. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and characterize proteins that could be used as therapeutic targets. Methods: Proteomic analyses were conducted to identify differentially expressed membrane proteins between brain metastatic lung cancer cells and primary lung cancer cells. A neuronal growth-associated protein, brain acid soluble protein 1 (BASP1), was chosen for further investigation. The clinical relevance of BASP1 in lung adenocarcinoma was first assessed. Tyrosine kinase activity assays and in vitro and in vivo functional assays were conducted to explore the oncogenic mechanisms of BASP1. Results: The protein levels of BASP1 were positively associated with tumor progression and poor prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Membrane-bound BASP1 increased EGFR signaling and stabilized EGFR proteins by facilitating their escape from the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Reciprocally, activation of EGFR recruited more BASP1 to the plasma membrane, generating a positive feedback loop between BASP1 and EGFR. Moreover, the synergistic therapeutic effects of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor and arsenic trioxide led to a reduction in the level of BASP1 protein observed in lung cancer cells with acquired resistance to EGFR inhibitors. Conclusions: The reciprocal interaction between BASP1 and EGFR facilitates EGFR signaling in brain metastatic lung cancer. Targeting the newly identified BASP1-EGFR interaction could open new venues for lung cancer treatment.

12.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045828

RESUMO

An efficient one-pot synthesis of oxazolidinones was developed through CuI/DBU/MS joint system-catalyzed carboxylative cyclization of arylacetylene, arylaldehyde, and arylamine in water medium under a 1 atm carbon dioxide (CO2) atmosphere. The 4 Šmolecular sieves (MSs) were added to improve CO2 capture and facilitate carboxylation to give the products in high yields. The CuI/DBU/MS system is robust and highly effective for the reactions with different substrates, and some target products were obtained in an excellent yield of ∼96%, with no side products in the final step.

13.
Oecologia ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025264

RESUMO

The effects of whole soil biotic communities on plants is a result of positive and negative interactions from a complex suite of mutualists and pathogens. However, few experiments have evaluated the composite effects of whole soil biotic communities on plant growth and disease resistance. We conducted a factorial greenhouse experiment with 14 Rhododendron species grown with and without live conspecific soil biota and with and without the disease, Phytophthora cinnamomi. We tested the prediction that the presence of whole soil biotic communities influences survival in the presence of disease. We also explored functional trait correlations with disease susceptibility across the phylogeny. The presence of live soil biota led to higher survival in the presence of disease compared with sterilized soils, and the direction of this effect was consistent for seven species across four clades. The presence of live soil biota also significantly reduced plant growth rate and decreased shoot biomass, relative to plants grown in sterilized soil, indicating that live soil biota might influence plant allocation strategies. We found that Rhododendron species with higher Root Shoot Ratios were less susceptible to Phytophthora, suggesting that water relations influence disease susceptibility. Our findings that disease resistance and susceptibility occur independently across multiple clades and that whole soil biotic communities consistently enhance disease resistance across clades, suggest that soil biota may play an important role in disease resistance and can moderate disease-induced mortality.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing public health issue. Anemia, which is a complication of CKD, is associated with reduced quality of life and increased morbidity and mortality. Currently quite a few clinical studies have been conducted to compare roxadustat with epoetin alfa [all for dialysis-dependent (DD) patients] or placebo [all for nondialysis-dependent (NDD) patients]. Our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat for anemia in patients with CKD. METHODS: We thoroughly searched eight electronic resource databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety between roxadustat versus epoetin alfa or placebo for the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD. RESULTS: Four Phase 2 and two Phase 3 studies with 1010 participants were included. Hemoglobin (Hb) and transferrin levels were increased significantly in the roxadustat group versus those in the placebo {standard mean difference [SMD] 1.57 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-1.98]; SMD 1.81 [95% CI 1.53-2.08]; respectively, both low-quality evidence} or epoetin alfa group [SMD 0.47 (95% CI 0.02-0.93), very low-quality evidence; SMD 1.05 (95% CI 0.81-1.29), low-quality evidence; respectively]. Hepcidin levels were reduced significantly in the roxadustat group versus those in the placebo [SMD -1.72 (95% CI -3.03 to -0.41), very low-quality evidence] or epoetin alfa group [SMD -0.23 (95% CI -0.43 to -0.02), low-quality evidence]. Ferritin and serum transferrin saturation (TSAT) levels were reduced significantly in the roxadustat group versus those in the placebo group [SMD -0.82 (95% CI -1.31 to -0.33); SMD -0.54 (95% CI -0.76 to -0.32), respectively; both low-quality evidence] and ferritin and TSAT levels in the roxadustat group were comparable to those in the epoetin alfa group [SMD 0.02 (95% CI -0.18-0.21); SMD 0.15 (95% CI -0.04-0.35), respectively, both low-quality evidence]. As for safety, the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in the roxadustat group was insignificantly different from that of the placebo group [risk ratio (RR) 0.99 (95% CI 0.83-1.18); P = 0.89, very low-quality evidence]. But the incidence of AEs in the roxadustat group was significantly higher than that in the epoetin alfa group [RR 1.25 (95% CI 1.01-1.54); P = 0.04, low-quality evidence]. There was no significant association between roxadustat and the incidence of serious AEs (SAEs) for both NDD and DD patients [RR 1.08 (95% CI 0.51-2.28) and RR 1.43 (95% CI 0.85-2.40), respectively, both very low-quality evidence]. CONCLUSION: In this meta-analysis of RCTs, we found evidence that after the oral administration of roxadustat, NDD patients' Hb levels were increased effectively and DD patients' Hb levels were maintained effectively. The risk of SAEs was not observed with the short-term use of roxadustat. These findings support roxadustat for the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD.

15.
Mol Ther ; 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002420

RESUMO

Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the predominant form of bladder cancer. Significant molecular heterogeneity caused by diverse molecular alterations brings about large variations in the response to treatment in UC. An improved understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying the development and progression of UC is essential. Through deep analysis of next-generation sequencing data of 99 UC patients, we found that 18% of cases had recurrent somatic mutations in zinc finger protein gene zinc finger protein 83 (ZNF83). ZNF83 mutations were correlated with poor prognosis of UC. We also found a hotspot mutation, p.E293V, in the evolutionarily well-conserved region of ZNF83. ZNF83-E293V increased tumor growth and reduced the apoptosis of UC cells compared to wild-type ZNF83 both in vitro and in mice xenografted tumors. ZNF83-E293V activated nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) more potently than did the wild-type protein owing to its decreased transcriptional repression for S100A8. The NF-κB inhibitors could pharmacologically block the tumor growth in mice engrafted with ZNF83-E293V-transfected UC cells. These findings provide a mechanistic insight and a potential therapeutic strategy for UC, which established a foundation for using the ZNF83-E293V mutation as a predictive biomarker of therapeutic response from NF-κB inhibitors.

16.
Endocr J ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087643

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is widely considered to be associated with the risk of diverse cancers; however, the association between DM and the risk of leukemia is still controversial. Thus, a detailed meta-analysis of cohort studies was conducted to elucidate this association. Eligible studies were screened through the electronic searches in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase from their inception to August 11, 2020. Summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed through the random-effects model. Eighteen articles involving 10,516 leukemia cases among a total of 4,094,235 diabetic patients were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, twenty-five RRs were synthesized for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and yielded a summary RR of 1.33 (95%CI, 1.21-1.47; p < 0.001). For type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), 7 RRs were combined, however, the pooled RR was insignificant (RR, 1.08; 95%CI, 0.87-1.34; p = 0.48). Interestingly, the summary RR for East Asia (RR, 1.83, 95%CI, 1.63-2.06) was significantly higher than that for Europe (RR, 1.11, 95%CI, 1.06-1.15), Western Asia (RR, 1.40, 95%CI, 1.25-1.54), North America (RR, 1.14, 95%CI, 1.08-1.20), and Australia (RR, 1.47, 95%CI, 1.25-1.71). Moreover, we found that patients with a shorter T2DM duration (1-5 years) had a higher risk of leukemia compared to those with a longer duration (5.1-10 years). Overall, this meta-analysis suggests there is a moderately increased risk of leukemia among T2DM patients, but not in T1DM patients. Further investigation is warranted.

17.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(7): 1304-1311, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079711

RESUMO

Oil leakage from gas stations in Taiwan is commonly caused by the corrosion of oil tanks or loose pipeline joints, contaminating the soil and groundwater near the gas station. Wine-processing waste sludge (WPWS) does not contain toxic substances and has a high organic matter content. Thus, it has high affinity for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX), being suitable for application in preventing and controlling groundwater pollution. In this study, a permeable reaction barrier (PRB) constructed utilizing WPWS in a large water tank was designed to simulate the diffusion and blockage of gasoline plumes in an aquifer. The constructed WPWS PRB had a rectangular shape with a thickness and height of 9 and 60 cm, respectively. The depth in the aquifer was adjusted to 50 cm. MTBE was detected in the aquifer downstream of the WPWS PRB every day during the experiment; however, the maximum concentration detected was only 5.33 ppb. BTEX were only detected on 3 days during the experiment and had maximum concentrations of 1.76, 2.28, 0.34, and 0.60 ppb, which are below the water quality control standards.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Vinho , Gasolina/análise , Esgotos , Taiwan
18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1015, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-related genes is closely related to the occurrence and prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). At the same time, immune-related genes have great potential as prognostic markers in many types of cancer. The prognosis of HNSCC is still poor currently, and it may be effective to predict the clinical outcome of HNSCC by immunogenic analysis. METHODS: RNASeq and clinical follow-up information were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the MINiML format GSE65858 chip expression data was downloaded from NCBI, and immune-related genes was downloaded from the InnateDB database. Immune-related genes in 519 HNSC patients were integrated from TCGA dataset. By using multivariate COX analysis and Lasso regression, robust immune-related gene pairs (IRGPs) that predict clinical outcomes of HNSCC were identified. Finally, a risk prognostic model related to immune gene pair was established and verified by clinical features, test sets and GEO external validation set. RESULTS: A total of 699 IRGPs were significantly correlated with the prognosis of HNSCC patients. Fourteen robust IRGPs were finally obtained by Lasso regression and a prognostic risk prediction model was constructed. Risk score of each sample were calculated based on Risk models and divided into the high-risk group (Risk-H) and low Risk group (Risk-L). Risk models were able to stratify the risk in patients with TNM Stage, Age, gender, and smoking history, and the AUC > 0.65 in training set and test set, shows that 14-IRGPs signature in patients with HNSCC has excellent classification performance. In addition, 14-IRGPs had the highest average C index compared with the prognostic characteristics and T, N, and Age of the 3 previously reported HNSCC. CONCLUSION: This study constructed 14-IRGPs as a novel prognostic marker for predicting survival in HNSCC patients.

19.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 638, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (4D-HyCoSy) is the preferred way for evaluating fallopian tubal patency and it associated with higher rate of spontaneous conception. However, Few studies have evaluated the influencing factors of spontaneous conception in 4D-HyCoSy and suggested ways to choose treatment options after 4D-HyCoSy. The study was to evaluate the correlation between spontaneous conception outcome and the patients' clinical characteristics as well as tubal patency in infertile women to provide reference on ways to manage the patient after 4D-HyCoSy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study and analysis of two hundred and eighty three (283) infertile patients who underwent a 4D-HyCoSy between December 2014 and October 2017 in our center. Eligible patients were those whose partners semen parameters were normal when based on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and had spontaneous conception without clinical interventions after 4D-HyCoSy. RESULT(S): One hundred and sixteen patients (40.9%) conceived spontaneously and the mean conception time was (8.8 ± 0.3) months. Within a year after 4D-HyCoSy, the spontaneous conception rate was highest in type VI(62.5%), followed by type IV (46.2%), type III (44.4%), type V (39.4%), type II (33.9%) and type I (14.8%). With Cox regression analysis, two factors associated with spontaneous conception outcome appeared to increase spontaneous conception rate: patients with type IV or type VI tubes and duration of infertility less than 2 years. The age, type of infertility, multiparas, history of pelvic surgery, history of uterine cavity operation, uterine fibromyomata and polycystic ovary were unrelated to spontaneous conception outcome after 4D-HyCoSy. CONCLUSION(S): This study showed that some infertile women could succeed in spontaneous conception after 4D-HyCoSy. Hence, We recommend the usage of 4D-HyCoSy as first line for tubal patency test and infertile patients should be advised to accept 4D-HyCoSy examination as soon as possible. Expectant treatment of about 8-9 months is reported to be feasible for infertile women whose 4D-HyCoSy findings showed one tube patency or poor patency. Alternatively, an immediate clinical intervention is recommended for those with bilateral obstructed tubes .

20.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 18(1): 41, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quantification of tricuspid regurgitation(TR) using three-dimensional(3D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) derived effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) is feasible in functional TR. The aim of our study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy and utility of 3D PISA EROA in a larger population of different etiologies. METHODS: One hundred and seven patients with confirmed TR underwent 2D and 3D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). 3D PISA EROA was calculated and EROA derived from 3D regurgitant volume (Rvol) was used as the reference. RESULTS: 3D PISA EROA showed better correlation in primary TR than in functional TR(r = 0.897, P < 0.01). 3D PISA EROA differentiated severe TR with comparable accuracy in patients with primary and functional etiology (Z-value 16.506 vs 21.202), but with different cut-offs (0.49cm2 vs. 0.41 cm2). The chi-square value for incorporated clinical symptoms, positive echocardiographic results and 3D PISA EROA to grade severe TR was higher than only included clinical symptoms or incorporated clinical symptoms and positive echocardiographic results (chi-square value 137.233, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: TR quantification using 3D PISA EROA is feasible and accurate under different etiologies. It has incremental diagnostic value for evaluating severe TR.

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