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1.
Chemosphere ; 316: 137737, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608877

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is distributed ubiquitously in water bodies. Ferric ions can flocculate DOM to form stable coprecipitates; however, Al(III) may alter the structures and stability of Fe-DOM coprecipitates. This study aimed to examine the coprecipitation of Fe, Al, and DOM as well as structural developments of Fe-DOM coprecipitates in relation to changes in Fe/Al ratios and pHs. The results showed that the derived Fe/Al/DOM-coprecipitates could be classified into three categories: (1) at pH 3.0 and 4.5, the corner-sharing FeO6 octahedra associated with Fe-C bonds with Fe/(Fe + Al) ratios ≥0.5; (2) the Fe-C bonds along with single Fe octahedra having Fe/(Fe + Al) ratios of 0.25; (3) at pH 6.0, the ferrihydrite-like Fe domains associated with Fe-C bonds with Fe/(Fe + Al) ratios ≥0.5. At pH 3.0, the Fe and C stability of the coprecipitates increased with increasing Al proportions; nonetheless, pure Al-DOM coprecipitates were unstable even if they exhibited the maximum ability for DOM removal. The associations of Al-DOM complexes and/or DOM-adsorbed Al domains with external surfaces of Fe domain or Fe-DOM coprecipitates may stabilize DOM, leading to lower C solubilization at pH 4.5. Although the preferential formation of Fe/Al hydroxides decreased Fe/Al solubilization at pH 6.0, adsorption instead of coprecipitation of DOM with Fe/Al hydroxides may decrease C stabilization in the coprecipitates. Aluminum cations inhibit DOM releases from Fe/Al/DOM-coprecipitates, promoting the treatment and reuse efficiencies of wastewater and resolving water shortages. This study demonstrates that Al and solution pH greatly affect the structural changes of Fe-DOM coprecipitates and indirectly control the dynamics of Fe, Al, and C concentrations in water.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 80: 129108, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538993

RESUMO

For the past two decades, BTK a tyrosine kinase and member of the Tec family has been a drug target of significant interest due to its potential to selectively treat various B cell-mediated diseases such as CLL, MCL, RA, and MS. Owning to the challenges encountered in identifying drug candidates exhibiting the potency block B cell activation via BTK inhibition, the pharmaceutical industry has relied on the use of covalent/irreversible inhibitors to address this unmet medical need. Herein, we describe a medicinal chemistry campaign to identify structurally diverse reversible BTK inhibitors originating from HITS identified using a fragment base screen. The leads were optimized to improve the potency and in vivo ADME properties resulting in a structurally distinct chemical series used to develop and validate a novel in vivo CD69 and CD86 PD assay in rodents.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases , Camundongos , Animais , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Antígeno B7-2
3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The production of Russian sturgeon expands rapidly in China. It is necessary to adopt some restrictive measures which can extend the shelf life of sturgeon meat. Previous studies found that sous-vide cooking (SVC) at 60°C increased the protein and lipid oxidation. The addition of antioxidant substances reduced the acceptance of the product. Therefore, the effect of combination of sous-vide cooking (SVC) and ultrasound pretreatment was investigated. RESULTS: Results showed that SVC 50°C combined with ultrasound effectively restrained the growth of total viable counts (TVC) in samples. Meanwhile, the main dominant genera transformed from Pseudomonas to Carnobacterium and the number of microbial species decreased. The odor profile of Russian sturgeon meat was more stable and the Lipoxygenase (LOX) activity decreased more rapidly after treating with SVC and ultrasound. Importantly, more stable protein aggregates were formed in samples treated by SVC 50°C with ultrasound pretreatment, so the protein and lipid oxidation were slowed down during storage. Additionally, higher springiness values were obtained and the color of sturgeon meat was lighter under these conditions. CONCLUSION: The combination of SVC 50°C and ultrasound pretreatment effectively inhibited the microbial growth of Russian sturgeon meat at lower oxidation levels. These findings can theoretically support the preservation and development of sturgeon meat, as well as the application of SVC technology. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 445: 130334, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462243

RESUMO

Thermoacidophilic Cyanidiales maintain a competitive edge in inhabiting extreme environments enriched with metals. Here, species of Cyanidioschyzon merolae (Cm), Cyanidium caldarium (Cc), and Galdieria partita (Gp) were exploited to remove hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)]. Cm and Gp could remove 168.1 and 93.7 mg g-1 of Cr(VI) at pH 2.0 and 7.0, respectively, wherein 89% and 62% of sorbed Cr on Cm and Gp occurred as trivalent chromium [Cr(III)]. Apart from surface-sorbed Cr(VI), the in vitro Cr(III) bound with polysaccharide and in vivo chromium(III) hydroxide [Cr(OH)3] attested to the reduction capability of Cyanidiales. The distribution of Cr species varied as a function of sorbed Cr amount, yet a relatively consistent proportion of Cr(OH)3, irrespective of Cr sorption capacity, was found only on Cm and Cc at pH 2.0. In conjunction with TXM (transmission X-ray microscopy) images that showed less impaired cell integrity and possible intracellular Cr distribution on Cm and Cc at pH 2.0, the in vivo Cr(OH)3 might be the key to promoting the Cr sorption capacity (≥ 152 mg g-1). Cyanidiales are promising candidates for the green and sustainable remediation of Cr(VI) due to their great removal capacity, the spontaneous reduction under oxic conditions, and in vivo accumulation.

5.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372765

RESUMO

Torreya grandis is an evergreen plant endemic of China and widely grown in Southern China. Its fruit is a precious nut in China, rich in vitamins and minerals, can be directly eaten, can also be used as medicinal plants with functions of lowering blood lipids and softening blood vessels (Wang 2022). From 2018 to 2020, typical root rot symptoms of Torreya grandis was found in plantations in Huangshan and surrounding areas of Huangshan, Anhui province, China. About 15 to 32% of root rot disease incidence was recorded at the plantation. Diseased plants were observed with symptoms such as yellow to brownish leaves without lesions and later drying, and rotten roots looked dark brown while the roots of heathy plants showed white, and eventually leading to the death of the diseased plant. The root rot symptomatic plants were collected in June of 2020. Tissues were cut to the length of 0.3 to 0.5 cm, then surface sterilized by 2% sodium hypochlorite for 2 min and 75% alcohol for 1 min, rinsed three times in sterile distilled water, and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 25℃ for 5 to 9 days. Eight isolates with similar morphology were isolated from single spores. On PDA, the isolates produced abundant aerial white mycelia with septation and turned violet to dark pink on the reverse side of the culture. Morphological characteristic was determined using a pure culture grown on synthetic low nutrient agar (SNA). Two types of conidia, microconidia and macroconidia, were observed on SNA. Macroconidia were long and slender, usually 3 to 5 septate, measuring 2.7 to 4.3 × 22.3 to 49.6 µm (n=30), and narrowed at the both ends. Microconidia were abundant, oval, clavate or ovate, zero to one septate and measured 1.6 to 3.9 × 4.4 to 13.0 µm (n=50). According to the culture and conidial characteristics, the isolates were tentatively identified as Fusarium species (Leslie and Summerell 2006). Four isolates were random selected for molecular identification. The general primers ITS1/ITS4 for internal transcribed spacer (ITS) (White et al. 1990), EF1/EF2 for translation elongation factor (TEF1) (O'Donnell et al. 1998), 5F2/7cR for the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase Ⅱ(RPB2) (O'Donnell et al., 2007), H3-1a/H3-1b for Histone H3 (Jacobs et al., 2010), F5/R8 for subunits 1 of DNA-directed RNA polymerase Ⅱ (RPB1) (O'Donnell et al. 2010) and MS3F/MS3R for mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU) (Stenglein et al. 2010) were amplified, respectively. The products were sequenced and deposited in GenBank with accession numbers of MW350689, MW029444, ON077156, ON077158, ON077157, ON054432, respectively. Blast analysis showed 99.40 to 100% sequence homology with known F. fujikuroi isolates. A phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated sequences clustered from the combined datasets (TEF1, RPB2, Histone H3, RPB1 and mtSSU) revealed the isolate most closely related to the F. fujikuroi (100% bootstrap). Fifteen 2-year-old healthy plants of Torreya grandis were selected for the pathogenicity test. A conidial suspension (1×106 conidia/ml) was prepared by collecting spores from 10-day-old cultures on PDA. The root of each plants inoculated with 200 ml of a 106 conidia/ml suspension, and the five control plants inoculated with sterilized water. The plants were incubated in green house with 25℃ (14 h light)/22℃ (10 h dark) at 85% humidity. Two weeks later, 100% of artificially inoculated plants showed the same symptoms similar to those observed in the plantation, like yellow leaves, dark brown and rotten roots, meanwhile, the roots of control plants displayed healthy. From symptomatic roots, the pathogen was reisolated which satisfying Koch's postulates. F. fujikuroi causes root rot of soybean and Reineckia carnea (Detranaltes et al. 2021, Sun et al. 2018).To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of F. fujikuroi causing root rot of Torreya grandis in China.

6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1253-9, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of five-element music therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the clinical symptoms and the quality of life in the patients with suboptimal health status (SHS) of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency and explore the corresponding specificity changes in the temperature of acupoints when zangfu functions are of dysfunction and recovered to be balanced, separately. METHODS: Sixty patients with SHS of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, the conventional health education was provided. In the observation group, on the base of the therapeutic regimen as the control group, the patients received the five-element music therapy to pacify the liver qi and strengthen the spleen functions, once every two days, 30 min each time, 3 treatments a week. The course of treatment consisted of 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the TCM syndrome score and the MOS 36-item short form healthy survey (SF-36) score were compared between the two groups and the clinical therapeutic effect was evaluated. Using infrared thermal imaging, the temperature at the acupoints of the affected organs (liver, spleen), the related organs (gallbladder, stomach) and the other non-related zangfu organs (pericardium, lung) was detected before and after treatment in the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores were reduced when compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05); the reduction in the observation group was larger than that of the control group (P<0.01). The score of each domain for the SF-36 in the observation group and the score of role-emotional domain in the control group were all increased when compared with the scores before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05); and the score of each domain for the SF-36 in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 66.7% (20/30) in the observation group, which was higher than 10.0% in the control group (3/30, P<0.05). In the observation group, the temperature of the yuan-primary point, the back-shu point and the front-mu point related to the liver, as well as those related to the gallbladder after treatment was reduced when compared with the temperature before treatment; and the changes were larger than those of the control group (P<0.01). The temperature of the yuan-primary point, the back-shu point and the front-mu point related to the spleen, as well as the back-shu point and the front-mu point related to the stomach in the observation group was increased when compared with the temperature before treatment (P<0.01); and the changes were larger than those of the control group (P<0.01). For the temperature of the non-specific points related to the liver and spleen, as well as the yuan-primary point, the back-shu point and the front-mu point related to the pericardium and the lung, there was no significant differences when compared with the temperature at the above-mentioned acupoints before and after treatment (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: TCM five-element music therapy associated with the conventional health education may effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life in the patients with suboptimal health status of liver stagnation and sleep deficiency; and the therapeutic effect is better than the simple health education. The changes in the temperature of acupoints may reflect the functional regulation of the related zangfu organs in the body.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Musicoterapia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Baço , Qualidade de Vida , Temperatura , Fígado , Nível de Saúde
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 245: 114084, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152429

RESUMO

Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] and arsenite [As(III)] are hazardous to both human and ecosystem. While their cross-redox reaction decreases both their toxicities, the interferences from ubiquitous substances like Fe (Fe(II) and Fe(III)) and organic compounds (oxalic acid and soil-extracted dissolved organic carbon (DOC)) on such interaction are rarely reported; thence, inspires the investigation in this study. Results showed that the cross-redox, in the absence of interfering substances, only occurred at pH≤2.0, with reaction orders of 0.676 and 0.783 in respect to the concentration of Cr(VI) and As(III). The pseudo-reaction constant, k', of such reaction was recorded at 0.087 m1.377/(mmol0.459 min). With the addition of Fe(II), the rate of Cr(VI) reduction is promoted in conjunction with suppressed As(III) oxidation. Upon neutralizing to pH 6.0, such reduced Cr can be entirely removed via Fe(II)-assisted adsorption and/or co-precipitation. Meanwhile, the elimination of aqueous As is relatively inferior (36 %), attributed to the largely preserved As(III), which is less susceptible to adsorptive/co-precipitative removal. Unlike Fe(II), Fe(III) did not alter Cr(VI)-As(III) cross-redox path, but triggered high adsorptive and/or co-precipitative removals of Cr and As (90 %). In contrast, both organically-altered systems exhibits plummeted As(III) oxidation, under distinctive mechanisms: oxalic acid competes with As(III) in the redox interactions while DOC reduces As(V) into As(III). Also, DOC would undergo complexion with metals and/or blocked the adsorption or co-precipitation sites, leading to even lower Cr and As precipitation. This study unravelled the interference from ubiquitous species in the co-removal of Cr(VI) and As(III), which provides insightful remediation for heavy metal contaminations.


Assuntos
Arsenitos , Ácido Oxálico , Cromo/análise , Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Ecossistema , Compostos Férricos , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Humanos , Oxirredução , Solo
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078752

RESUMO

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of neurofeedback training (NFT) of theta activity on working memory (WM) and episodic memory (EM) in healthy participants via a systematic review and meta-analysis. A total of 337 articles obtained from electronic databases were assessed; however, only 11 articles met the criteria for meta-analysis after manually screening and eliminating unnecessary studies. A meta-analysis calculating the Hedges' g effect size metric with 95% confidence intervals using random effects models was employed. Heterogeneity was estimated using I2 statistics. Theta NFT is effective in improving memory outcomes, including WM with a Hedges' g of 0.56 [0.10; 1.02] (I2 = 62.9% and p = 0.02), and EM with a Hedges' g of 0.62 [0.13; 1.10] (I2 = 42.04% and p = 0.01). Overall, the results suggest that theta NFT seems to be useful as nonpharmacological/adjunct training to improve WM and EM in healthy participants.


Assuntos
Memória Episódica , Neurorretroalimentação , Nível de Saúde , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Memória de Curto Prazo
9.
Curr Med Chem ; 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the regulatory mechanism between P66Shc and ferroptosis in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (CP-AKI). METHOD: A CP-AKI model was constructed both in vivo and in vitro using C57BL/6 mice and HK-2 cells, respectively. Renal histopathological injury, reactive oxygen species(ROS), and apoptosis were detected. Some parameters of ferroptosis (e.g. 4HNE and GPX4) and the expression of P66Shc/ P-P66Shc both in mitochondria and cytoplasm were tested. In in vitro studies, HK-2 cells was incubated with CP (50 uM), additionally, Fer1 and P66Shc siRNA were applied to explore the molecular regulatory mechanism of P66Shc in ferroptosis. The levels of mitochondrial ROS, apoptosis and the expression of 4HNE,GPX4, P66Shc, and P-P66Shc were tested. Furthermore, the mitochondrial translocation of P66Shc was detected. RESULTS: CP treatment caused elevation of Scr, BUN and renal MDA levels, and decreased renal SOD, GSH-PX and GPX4 levels. CP enhanced the expression of 4HNE, P66Shc and P-P66Shc both in vivo and in vitro. Renal oxidative stress and apoptosis were significantly increased in CP-AKI mice. Electron microscopy examination indicated obvious mitochondria injury in renal tubular cells of CP-AKI mice. The level of ferroptosis and the translocation of P-P66Shc from the cytoplasm to mitochondria were significantly increased in HK-2 cells under CP condition, and these effects were obviously blocked by P66Shc siRNA treatment. Conversely, pretreatment with the ferroptosis inhibitor (Fer1) had no effect on the expression and mitochondria translocation of P-P66Shc under CP condition. CONCLUSION: Mitochondrial translocation of P66Shc could result in mitochondrial injury and lipid peroxide accumulation, which ultimately led to ferroptosis and aggravated CP-induced AKI.

10.
BMC Genomics ; 22(Suppl 5): 919, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alternative splicing (AS) increases the diversity of transcriptome and could fine-tune the function of genes, so that understanding the regulation of AS is vital. AS could be regulated by many different cis-regulatory elements, such as enhancer. Enhancer has been experimentally proved to regulate AS in some genes. However, there is a lack of genome-wide studies on the association between enhancer and AS (enhancer-AS association). To bridge the gap, here we developed an integrative analysis on a genome-wide scale to identify enhancer-AS associations in human and mouse. RESULT: We collected enhancer datasets which include 28 human and 24 mouse tissues and cell lines, and RNA-seq datasets which are paired with the selected tissues. Combining with data integration and statistical analysis, we identified 3,242 human and 7,716 mouse genes which have significant enhancer-AS associations in at least one tissue. On average, for each gene, about 6% of enhancers in human (5% in mouse) are associated to AS change and for each enhancer, approximately one gene is identified to have enhancer-AS association in both human and mouse. We found that 52% of the human significant (34% in mouse) enhancer-AS associations are the co-existence of homologous genes and homologous enhancers. We further constructed a user-friendly platform, named Visualization of Enhancer-associated Alternative Splicing (VEnAS, http://venas.iis.sinica.edu.tw/ ), to provide genomic architecture, intuitive association plot, and contingency table of the significant enhancer-AS associations. CONCLUSION: This study provides the first genome-wide identification of enhancer-AS associations in human and mouse. The results suggest that a notable portion of enhancers are playing roles in AS regulations. The analyzed results and the proposed platform VEnAS would provide a further understanding of enhancers on regulating alternative splicing.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Animais , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Camundongos , RNA-Seq
11.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 16(3): 140-148, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623555

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nowadays most children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are expected to survive to adulthood. The healthcare focus needs to pay close attention to the important developmental tasks during their growth process. The women with CHD face some challenges in their critically developmental stages during pregnancy, delivery, and even motherhood. The lived experience of being a mother needs to be further concerned. This study aimed to explore the lived experience of first-time mothers with CHD. METHODS: Descriptive phenomenological design was adopted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from April to August 2018 with 11 primiparous women with CHD, who were recruited from the pediatric and adult cardiology outpatient departments at a medical center and who had a child aged between 6 months and 3 years. Giorgi's phenomenological analysis method was employed. RESULTS: Six main themes arose from the analysis: (1) recognizing pregnancy risks, (2) performing self-care for health, (3) building self-worth from my baby, (4) adapting to postpartum life and adjusting priorities, (5) enjoying being a first-time mother, and (6) the factors contributing to success in high-risk childbirth. CONCLUSIONS: The experiences that occurred prior to and after labor that were identified in this study can assist women with CHD to more capably prepare for and understand the process of becoming a mother, including recognition of the importance of a prepregnancy evaluation. The findings of this study can help women with CHD to better understand the path to becoming a mother and prepare themselves for the challenges that lie ahead.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Mães , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 14: 517-529, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35369531

RESUMO

Objective: Both continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) pressure and polysomnographic phenotypes have been associated with mandibular advancement device (MAD) treatment response, but the precise relationship has not been fully elucidated. We hypothesized that utilizing CPAP pressure would predict the MAD response in treatment-naïve patients with moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and the MAD response would be associated with two polysomnographic phenotypes, including sleep stage dependency and positional dependency. Methods: OSA treatment-naïve patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15/h who declined CPAP treatment and received MAD treatment for 3-6 months were enrolled. The MAD treatment response was defined as 1) residual AHI under MAD (AHIMAD) <5/h and 2) AHIMAD <10/h. Logistic regression was applied to identify the association between CPAP pressure and MAD treatment responders. The predictability of the MAD responder status utilizing CPAP pressure was assessed with the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC). Results: A total of 128 enrolled patients (AHI ≥30/h in 74.2%) were recruited, of whom 119 patients and 80 patients were included for analysis of sleep stage and positional dependency, respectively. REM-predominant OSA had lower AHI than stage-independent OSA, while the supine-predominant phenotype had lower anthropometrics than the nonpositional-dependent phenotype. The response rates for AHIMAD <5/h and AHIMAD <10/h were 25.8% and 48.4%, respectively. Lower anthropometrics, baseline AHI, and supine predominance were associated with the responder status, while CPAP pressure was an independent predictor. The AUROCs for the prediction of AHIMAD <5/h and AHIMAD <10/h responders were 0.635 and 0.664, respectively. Utilizing a CPAP level >14 cmH2O as the cutoff to predict criterion 1 and 2 nonresponders, the sensitivity was 93.9% and 95.2%, respectively. Conclusion: In treatment-naïve patients with moderate-severe OSA, the supine-predominant phenotype and lower CPAP pressure were associated with the MAD response, while the sleep stage dependency phenotype was not. Utilization of a CPAP level >14 cmH2O could be a sensitive measure to identify nonresponders.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 292: 115224, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351577

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Triptolide (TP) exhibits extensive pharmacological activity, but its hepatotoxicity and intestinal injury are significant and limit its clinical use. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effect of gut microbiota disturbance after antibiotic pretreatment on TP-induced hepatotoxicity, intestinal injury and their mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the characteristics of TP-induced hepatotoxicity and intestinal injury in mice with or without antibiotic pretreatment. The levels of cytokines in the serum, immunohistochemistry, and the pharmacokinetics of TP were determined. RESULT: Antibiotic pretreatment aggravates TP-induced hepatotoxicity and ileum/colon injury. TP induces hepatotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner after antibiotic pretreatment. Serum IL-1ß and IL-6 levels were increased in mice given oral TP after antibiotic pretreatment. TP can increase the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome in hepatocytes, and Oral TP after antibiotic pretreatment can significantly enhance its expression, but NLRP3 inflammasome no significant change in colon and ileum. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of TP are altered significantly by antibiotic pretreatment, as shown by a 145.87% increase in Cmax, a 155.11% increase in AUC0-t, a 155.1% increase in relative bioavailability, and a 15.44% delay in MRT. Moreover, TP causes hepatotoxicity in a time-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotic pretreatment aggravates triptolide-induced hepatotoxicity and intestinal injury through elevated inflammatory response and promoted triptolide absorption.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Diterpenos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Fenantrenos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Compostos de Epóxi , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Fígado , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/toxicidade
14.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 3): 132652, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695481

RESUMO

Sustainable engineering and management of hydromorphic arable soils need deep knowledge about the redox-mediated interactions between nutrients and soil colloids. Consequently, we examined the redox-mediated interactions of P with metal oxides and organic carbon (OC) in toe-, mid-, and upper-slope arable soils under dynamic redox changes using geochemical (biogeochemical microcosm), spectroscopic (XANES), and molecular (quantum chemical calculations (QCC)) approaches. We controlled the redox potential (EH) in two directions i.e., 1) slowly oxidizing direction (SOD; EH increased from -286 to +564 mV); and 2) slowly reducing direction (SRD; EH decreased from +564 to -148 mV). In the SOD of all soils, P, Fe2+ and OC mobilized at EH ≤ 200 mV, due to the pH decrease from 7.2 to 4.1 and dissolution of Fe-oxyhydroxides/carbonates, as indicated by the decrease of Fe-P and Ca-P determined by P-K-edge-XANES. At EH > 200 mV, P immobilized due to the strong P binding with Fe3+ as suggested by QCC. In the SRD of mid-slope-soil, P immobilized with decreasing EH, due to pH increase and P retention by aromatic carbon and/or precipitation by carbonates, as supported by increase of organic-P and Ca-P. These findings help for management of P in arable soils.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Oxirredução , Óxidos , Fósforo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
15.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 52(5): 3684-3695, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936758

RESUMO

Music information retrieval is of great interest in audio signal processing. However, relatively little attention has been paid to the playing techniques of musical instruments. This work proposes an automatic system for classifying guitar playing techniques (GPTs). Automatic classification for GPTs is challenging because some playing techniques differ only slightly from others. This work presents a new framework for GPT classification: it uses a new feature extraction method based on spectral-temporal receptive fields (STRFs) to extract features from guitar sounds. This work applies a supervised deep learning approach to classify GPTs. Specifically, a new deep learning model, called the hierarchical cascade deep belief network (HCDBN), is proposed to perform automatic GPT classification. Several simulations were performed and the datasets of: 1) data on onsets of signals; 2) complete audio signals; and 3) audio signals in a real-world environment are adopted to compare the performance. The proposed system improves upon the F-score by approximately 11.47% in setup 1) and yields an F-score of 96.82% in setup 2). The results in setup 3) demonstrate that the proposed system also works well in a real-world environment. These results show that the proposed system is robust and has very high accuracy in automatic GPT classification.


Assuntos
Música , Redes Neurais de Computação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
16.
J Clin Invest ; 131(21)2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720095

RESUMO

To explore how the immune system controls clearance of SARS-CoV-2, we used a single-cell, mass cytometry-based proteomics platform to profile the immune systems of 21 patients who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection without need for admission to an intensive care unit or for mechanical ventilation. We focused on receptors involved in interactions between immune cells and virus-infected cells. We found that the diversity of receptor repertoires on natural killer (NK) cells was negatively correlated with the viral clearance rate. In addition, NK subsets expressing the receptor DNAM1 were increased in patients who more rapidly recovered from infection. Ex vivo functional studies revealed that NK subpopulations with high DNAM1 expression had cytolytic activities in response to target cell stimulation. We also found that SARS-CoV-2 infection induced the expression of CD155 and nectin-4, ligands of DNAM1 and its paired coinhibitory receptor TIGIT, which counterbalanced the cytolytic activities of NK cells. Collectively, our results link the cytolytic immune responses of NK cells to the clearance of SARS-CoV-2 and show that the DNAM1 pathway modulates host-pathogen interactions during SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Receptores de Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/imunologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Técnicas In Vitro , Ligantes , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subfamília D de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/imunologia , Pandemias , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Receptores Virais/imunologia , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Clin Invest ; 131(20)2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651584

RESUMO

CDKL5 deficiency disorder (CDD) is an early onset, neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with pathogenic variants in the X-linked gene encoding cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5). CDKL5 has been implicated in neuronal synapse maturation, yet its postdevelopmental necessity and the reversibility of CDD-associated impairments remain unknown. We temporally manipulated endogenous Cdkl5 expression in male mice and found that postdevelopmental loss of CDKL5 disrupts numerous behavioral domains, hippocampal circuit communication, and dendritic spine morphology, demonstrating an indispensable role for CDKL5 in the adult brain. Accordingly, restoration of Cdkl5 after the early stages of brain development using a conditional rescue mouse model ameliorated CDD-related behavioral impairments and aberrant NMDA receptor signaling. These findings highlight the requirement of CDKL5 beyond early development, underscore the potential for disease reversal in CDD, and suggest that a broad therapeutic time window exists for potential treatment of CDD-related deficits.


Assuntos
Síndromes Epilépticas/psicologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/fisiologia , Espasmos Infantis/psicologia , Animais , Dendritos/patologia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/fisiologia
18.
J Org Chem ; 86(22): 16158-16161, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382404

RESUMO

The study reported an electrochemically promoted asymmetric hydrogen transfer reaction of 2,2,2-trifluoroacetophenone with a chiral Ru complex. (R)-α-(Trifluoromethyl) benzyl alcohol with a 96% yield and 94% ee could be obtained with only a 0.5 F mol-1 charge amount at room temperature and normal pressure.

20.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(6)2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204395

RESUMO

The heavy metal cadmium (Cd), as one of the major environmentally toxic pollutants, has serious impacts on the growth, development, and physiological functions of plants and animals, leading to deterioration of environmental quality and threats to human health. Research on how plants absorb and transport Cd, as well as its enrichment and detoxification mechanisms, is of great significance to the development of phytoremediation technologies for ecological and environmental management. This article summarises the research progress on the enrichment of heavy metal cadmium in plants in recent years, including the uptake, transport, and accumulation of Cd in plants. The role of plant roots, compartmentalisation, chelation, antioxidation, stress, and osmotic adjustment in the process of plant Cd enrichment are discussed. Finally, problems are proposed to provide a more comprehensive theoretical basis for the further application of phytoremediation technology in the field of heavy metal pollution.

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