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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042001

RESUMO

Adipokines, including leptin, visfatin, adiponectin, and interleukin-6 (IL)-6, play multiple roles in the pathophysiology of epilepsy and febrile seizures (FS). We aimed to investigate the associations among plasma adipokines, mainly leptin, visfatin, adiponectin, or IL-6, and the prognosis of FS. This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2017 to December 2018 at the Wuxi Second People' Hospital China. The levels of serum leptin, visfatin, adiponectin, and IL-6 in 55 children with FS (FS group) were compared with 42 febrile children without seizure (FC group) and 48 healthy children (HC group) in an acute phase. The correlation with clinical indicators was determined by logistic regression analysis. Serum adiponectin and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the FS group than in the FC and HC groups (p < 0.05), but there was no statistical difference between the FC and HC groups. In addition, logistic regression analysis showed that high concentrations of adiponectin and IL-6 were significantly associated with the occurrence of FS. For leptin and visfatin, they were significantly lower in the FS and FC groups than in the normal control group, but there was no statistical difference between the FS and FC groups. Our results suggest that higher plasma levels of IL-6 and adiponectin may serve as an additional biomarker in the early treatment or follow-up of the FS children.

2.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 304-307, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of health education with children popular oral science short drama on 10-year-old children's oral health knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP), and provide evidence for oral health education methods for children. METHODS: A oral health education short drama for children was filmed. 10-year-old children from a primary school in Minhang district, Shanghai were selected as the study subjects. The groups were asked to watch the drama on campus at enrollment and the first month for health education. Self-made questionnaires were used to conduct corresponding oral health KAP surveys at the time of enrollment, the first month and the sixth month. The survey results were compared using SPSS 21.0 software package for t test and Chi-square test, to compare the changes in oral health KAP scores and the accuracy of each question before and after oral health education. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-four children were followed-up. Before the intervention, the subjects' oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior scores were (21.02±12.54), (74.48±19.87), (31.90±22.39), and (57.05±17.56), (85.06±14.97), (55.03±29.32) at the first month; and (71.76±16.27), (91.49±12.40), (73.99±27.46) at the 6th month, respectively. Compared with those before the intervention, significant increases were observed (P<0.001). Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in KAP scores between different genders, but there were significant differences in knowledge and behavior scores at 1 and 6 months after intervention between different genders(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: School oral health education through children oral science short drama has a good effect on improving the knowledge, attitude and behavior of oral health care for 10-year-old children, and it is more effective when repeat.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Criança , China , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; : 4867420963739, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the association of the quality scores of hotline psychological intervention and the reduction of subsequent suicidal acts among high suicidal risk callers. METHODS: High-risk callers at a national crisis hotline service in China were recruited and prospectively followed for up to 3 months after receiving a hotline psychological intervention. The quality of the intervention was evaluated by supervisors who listened to the tape-recorded calls using the Counseling Skills Rating Scale for Psychological Support Hotlines, which assessed three counseling domains: process, attitude and communication skill. The primary outcome was the occurrence of suicidal acts during the follow-up period. Secondary outcomes were before versus after changes during the intake intervention call in hopefulness, psychological stress and suicide intention reported by the callers. RESULTS: Over the 3-month follow-up, 45 of 778 high-risk callers reported 61 suicide attempts, and 3 other callers died by suicide. Subsequent suicidal act was significantly more common in callers classified as being at higher risk during the intake call. Higher scores on the quality of suicidality assessing of the Counseling Skills Rating Scale for Psychological Support Hotlines were associated with reduced risk of suicidal acts during follow-up (hazard ratio = 0.38, 95% confidence interval = [0.18, 0.85]). Higher scores on the communication skill domain were associated with increases in hopefulness (ß = 0.09) after the intervention, and higher scores on the counseling process domain (ß = -0.12) and higher suicidal risk scores (ß = -0.12) were associated with decreased suicide intention after intervention. CONCLUSION: Several characteristics of a hotline intervention for suicide prevention were associated with decreased risk of suicidal acts during follow-up. Intervention skill training for hotline operators should emphasize these specific counseling skills.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009700

RESUMO

Alkanol dehydration rates catalyzed by hydronium ions are enhanced by the dimensions of steric confinements of zeolite pores as well as by intraporous intermolecular interactions with other alkanols. The higher rates with zeolite MFI having pores smaller than those of zeolite BEA for dehydration of secondary alkanols, 3-heptanol and 2-methyl-3-hexanol, is caused by the lower activation enthalpy in the tighter confinements of MFI that offsets a less positive activation entropy. The higher activity in BEA than in MFI for dehydration of a tertiary alkanol, 2-methyl-2-hexanol, is primarily attributed to the reduction of the activation enthalpy by stabilizing intraporous interactions of the C ß -H transition state with surrounding alcohol molecules. Overall, we show that the positive impact of zeolite confinements results from the stabilization of transition state provided by the confinement and intermolecular interaction of alkanols with the transition state, which is impacted by both the size of confines and structure of alkanols in the E1 pathway of dehydration.

5.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e925151, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Although the V617F mutation in the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene and the breakpoint cluster region-abl1 (BCR-ABL1) oncogene fusion have been considered mutually exclusive in most myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), many recent studies have described patients with both. This report describes a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and the unusual JAK2 R795S mutation and reviews 23 additional patients with JAK2 gene mutations coexisting with myelofibrosis (MF) and CML. CASE REPORT A 50-year-old woman with MF experienced rapid disease progression 3 weeks later, accompanied by severe abdominal pain and a white blood cell count of 257.45×109/l. Karyotype analysis indicated that she was 46, XY, Philadelphia (Ph) (+) and BCR-ABL1 positive. Bone marrow aspiration after 1 cycle of chemotherapy and treatment with dasatinib showed that her marrow was hypercellular, with an increased number of megakaryocytes and 48.5% myeloblasts expressing the myeloid antigens CD33, CD13, CD34, CD117, and CD71. Next-generation sequencing identified a rare JAK2 R795S mutation. She was diagnosed with CML in blast phase, and was successfully treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). CONCLUSIONS JAK2 gene mutations, including the rare JAK2 R795S mutation, can coexist with BCR-ABL1 in patients with MPNs. The clinical course of MPN in patients with both BCR-ABL1 and JAK2 mutations may be different from that in patients with classical MPNs.

6.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033819

RESUMO

The defects at the interface and grain boundaries (GBs) of perovskite films limit the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) seriously. Herein, organic semiconductors with different terminal groups including a ladder-type electron-deficient-core-based fused structure (DAD) fused core with 2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1 ylidene)malononitrile (BTP-4H), DAD with 2-(5,6-dichloro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1 ylidene)malononitrile (BTP-4Cl), and DAD with 2-(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1 ylidene)malononitrile (BTP-4F) are introduced into perovskite films to study the effects of the terminal groups on the PSC performance. A physical model is proposed to understand the effects of the terminal groups on the perovskite growth and energy level alignment of devices. Compared with BTP-4H and BTP-4Cl, BTP-4F can more effectively delay the crystallization rate and increase the crystal sizes due to hydrogen bonding of F and FA. BTP-4F can also provide more efficient charge transport channels due to the optimal energy level alignment. Most importantly, BTP-4F can promote charge transport from the perovskite film to spiro-OMeTAD and to SnO2, thus realizing simultaneous up-bottom passivation of perovskite films. Finally, the BTP-4F passivated PSCs exhibit a remarkable PCE of 22.16%, and the device can maintain ∼86% of the initial PCE after 5000 h. Therefore, this work presents significant potential of organic semiconductors in PSCs toward high efficiency and high stability due to the terminal groups.

7.
Chemosphere ; : 128522, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066968

RESUMO

Heavy metal pollution has gradually become a major global issue. It is so far reaching in part because heavy metals are absorbed by soil and affect almost all species via ecological cycles. Silkworms (Bombyx mori) are poisoned by heavy metals through a soil-mulberry-silkworm system, which inhibits larval growth and development and leads to a decrease in silk production. In the present study, we performed transcriptome sequencing of larval midgut with cadmium exposure to explore the toxicological mechanism of heavy metal, and found that the following potential pathways may be involved in cadmium infiltration: endocytosis, oxidative phosphorylation, and MAPK signaling. Moreover, we identified a novel metallothionein in silkworm, which is inhibited by cadmium exposure and able to improve heavy metal tolerance in B. mori cell lines and Escherichia coli. We also generated a transgenic silkworm strain overexpressing metallothionein and the result showed that metallothionein observably enhanced larval viability under cadmium exposure. This study used RNA sequencing to reveal a mechanism for cadmium toxicology, and identified and functionally verified BmMT, offering a new potential heavy metal-tolerant silkworm variety.

8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(12): 105394, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that the levels of d-dimer and blood lipids at admission affect the prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), however, whether there is a dose-response effect of d-dimer on prognosis, or a combined effect of d-dimer with blood lipids on prognosis, remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1485 AIS patients were recruited. All participants received medical care within 24 h from the onset of stroke, the level of d-dimer and related indices were measured at admission. Then, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were obtained at the time of admission and discharge. Afterwards, 3-, 6- and 12- month follow-up was conducted to obtain Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores after discharge. RESULTS: A high level of d-dimer at admission was associated with clinical outcome of AIS, after adjusting other relevant factors, with an OR (95%CI) of 2.934(1.914-4.500), 3.052(1.912-4.872), 3.306(1.873-5.835) and 2.828(1.447-5.527) at discharge, at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up respectively, a dose-response effect was observed during follow-up (p = 0.00001). When d-dimer was combined with total cholesterol (TC), after adjusting other relevant factors, OR (95%CI) was 2.799 (1.708-4.587), 2.473 (1.475-4.147), 2.381 (1.333-4.255), and 2.619 (1.320-5.193), at each follow-up period respectively. When combined with low-density lipoprotein (LDL), OR (95%CI) was 3.105 (1.729-5.577), 3.280 (1.762-6.104), 2.744 (1.344-5.604), and 4.400 (1.883-10.282), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: D-dimer levels at admission may predict the prognosis of AIS patients in a dose-response pattern. Moreover, d-dimer combined with TC or LDL predict prognosis of AIS.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043596

RESUMO

The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is involved in the pathophysiology of many cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI) and hypertension. The role of Calhex231, a specific inhibitor of CaSR, in myocardial fibrosis following MI is still unclear. Using Wistar rats, we investigated whether Calhex231 ameliorates myocardial fibrosis through the autophagy-NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in macrophages post myocardial infarction (MI). The rats were randomly divided into sham, MI and MI + Calhex231 groups. Compared with the sham rats, the MI rats consistently developed severe cardiac function, myocardial fibrosis and infiltration of inflammatory cells including macrophages. Moreover, inflammatory pathway including activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, IL-1ß and autophagy was significantly up-regulated in myocardial tissue, infiltrated cardiac macrophages and peritoneal macrophages of the MI rats. These impacts were reversed by Calhex231. In vitro, studies revealed that calindol and rapamycin exacerbated MI-induced autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in peritoneal macrophages. Calhex231 and 3-Methyladenine (a specific inhibitor of autophagy) attenuated both autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome activation; however, the caspase-1 inhibitor Z-YVAD-FMK did not. Our study indicated that Calhex231 improved cardiac function and ameliorated myocardial fibrosis post MI, likely via the inhibition of autophagy-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation; this provides a new therapeutic target for ventricular remodelling-related cardiovascular diseases.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(20)2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080850

RESUMO

In order to reduce the vibration of mountain self-propelled electric monorail transporters (MSEMT) caused by the impact of the meshing of roller gear with toothed rail (MRGTR), and to improve the stability and safety of monorail transporters, this paper theoretically analyzed the MRGTR mechanism of toothed monorail transporters as well as established the MSEMT displacement model and its instantaneous velocity model. The vibration signals of MSEMT with four different parameters of toothed rail were collected by the acceleration sensor and signal acquisition system. The signals were analyzed by the Hilbert envelope demodulation method to investigate the influence of toothed rail parameters on meshing impact vibration. Moreover, taking the vibration acceleration amplitude of MSEMT and the vibration attenuation time of meshing impact as evaluation indexes, a test based on the three-factor and two-level orthogonal test was engaged with factors of toothed rail pressure angle, the ratio of L-the chord length of two adjacent roller centers of a roller gear-and rack pitch p (wheel-tooth ratio) and the load mass of the MSEMT. It showed that the impact of MRGTR was the main excitation source of the vibration of MSEMT. The pressure angle and wheel-tooth ratio both have a significant impact on the smooth operation of MSEMT, the latter to a greater extent. So did the interaction between wheel-tooth ratio and load mass. The amplitude of the characteristic frequency of the MSEMT decreased with the growth of the pressure angle. When the wheel-tooth ratio was cosα, the number of the characteristic frequency was less than that when it was 1, and the amplitude became smaller too. When the pressure angle was 15, the amplitude of vibration acceleration characteristic frequency decreased as a consequence of load mass increasing. At the pressure angle of 25, the amplitude of characteristic frequency decreased with the increase of load mass if the wheel-tooth ratio was 1, and the opposite result occurs in the case when the wheel-tooth ratio was cosα. This paper provides a theoretical basis and reference for improving the impact vibration of MRGTR and optimizing the design of the toothed rail.

11.
Toxicon ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080268

RESUMO

T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin demonstrating several harmful effects on chondrocyte and cartilage functions. In the present study, we investigated the toxic effects of T-2 toxin on cartilage matrix degradation and evaluated the involvement of α2 integrin in T-2 toxin-induced matrix damage. In C28/I2 cells, T-2 toxin decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Regarding matrix degradation, T-2 toxin decreased type II collagen and increased matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) expression. Moreover, T-2 toxin significantly decreased the expression of α2 integrin in C28/I2 cells, indicating impaired chondrocyte-matrix interaction. Additionally, cartilage matrix degradation with decreased type II collagen expression was observed in the animal model, established using rats treated with T-2 toxin, with or without a selenium-deficient diet, presenting chondrocytes with necrosis in the deep zone. Simultaneously, rats administered T-2 toxin demonstrated overtly decreased α2 integrin expression in the articular cartilage. In the T-2 toxin plus selenium-deficient diet group, α2 integrin expression was further decreased in the deep zone of the cartilage. Furthermore, inhibition of α2ß1 integrin in C28/I2 cells could induce MMP-13 activation and type II collagen reduction, contributing to matrix degradation. These results indicate that the cytotoxic effects of T-2 toxin on chondrocyte damage and cartilage matrix degradation are associated with α2 integrin downregulation, by reducing type II collagen and MMP-13 activation.

12.
PeerJ ; 8: e9932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083111

RESUMO

The mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of scale insects are less known in comparison to other insects, which hinders the phylogenetic and evolutionary studies of Coccoidea and higher taxa. Herein, the complete mitogenomes of Unaspis yanonensis, Planococcus citri and Ceroplastes rubens were sequenced for Coccoidea. The 15,220-bp long mitogenome of U. yanonensis contained the typical set of 37 genes including 13 PCGs, 22 tRNA genes and two rRNA genes; the 15,549-bp long mitogenome of P. citri lacked the tRNA gene trnV; the 15,387-bp long mitogenome of C. rubens exhibited several shortened PCGs and lacked five tRNA genes. The mitochondrial gene arrangement of the three mitogenomes was different from other scale insects and Drosophila yakuba. Most PCGs used standard ATN (ATA, ATT, ATC and ATG) start codons and complete TAN (TAA or TAG) termination codons. The ND4L had the highest evolutionary rate but COX1 and CYTB were the lowest. Most tRNA genes had cloverleaf secondary structures, whereas the reduction of dihydrouridine (DHU) arms and TψC arms were detected. Tandem repeats, stem-loop (SL) structures and poly-[TA]n stretch were found in the control regions (CRs) of the three mitogenomes. The phylogenetic analyses using Bayesian inference (BI) and maximum likelihood methods (ML) showed identical results, both supporting the inner relationship of Coccoidea as Coccidae + (Pseudococcidae + Diaspididae).

13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 343-349, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089279

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the biological characteristics of human periodontal stem cells (hPDLSCs) modified with platelet derived growth factor BB(PDGFBB) gene, and to explore its influence on proliferation, migration and osteogenic induction of hPDLSCs. METHODS: hPDLSCs were isolated and amplified, and immunofluorescence staining was performed to identify cell surface markers and osteogenic differentiation ability. hPDLSCs were transfected with PDGFBB gene by lentivirus vector, and the effects on cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK-8 and scratch test after transfection. Real-time PCR was performed to analyze the mRNA expression levels of osteogenic and angiogenic genes in hPDLSCs cells transfected with PDGFBB gene. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0 software package. RESULTS: hPDLSCs were successfully obtained by tissue mass culture and finite dilution method. Compared with the blank virus group and non-transfected group, the proliferation and migration ability of the cells in the transfection group were significantly increased, and the mRNA expression levels of OPN, COL-1 and VEGF were significantly up-regulated(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Lentiviral vector can transfer PDGFBB gene into hPDLSCs in vitro and obtain continuous and stable expression. PDGFBB can promote proliferation and migration of hPDLSCs cells and up-regulate expression of osteogenic and angiogenic genes.


Assuntos
Becaplermina , Ligamento Periodontal , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Células-Tronco
14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095866

RESUMO

With the study of human diseases and biological processes increasing, a large number of non-coding variants have been identified and facilitated. The rapid accumulation of genetic and epigenomic information has resulted in an urgent need to collect and process data to explore the regulation of non-coding variants. Here, we developed a comprehensive variation annotation database for human (VARAdb, http://www.licpathway.net/VARAdb/), which specifically considers non-coding variants. VARAdb provides annotation information for 577,283,813 variations and novel variants, prioritizes variations based on scores using nine annotation categories, and supports pathway downstream analysis. Importantly, VARAdb integrates a large amount of genetic and epigenomic data into five annotation sections, which include 'Variation information', 'Regulatory information', 'Related genes', 'Chromatin accessibility' and 'Chromatin interaction'. The detailed annotation information consists of motif changes, risk SNPs, LD SNPs, eQTLs, clinical variant-drug-gene pairs, sequence conservation, somatic mutations, enhancers, super enhancers, promoters, transcription factors, chromatin states, histone modifications, chromatin accessibility regions and chromatin interactions. This database is a user-friendly interface to query, browse and visualize variations and related annotation information. VARAdb is a useful resource for selecting potential functional variations and interpreting their effects on human diseases and biological processes.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 584: 193-203, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069018

RESUMO

A sequence of CuCeOx-HZSM-5 composite catalysts at different Cu-Ce loading synthesized by the citric acid complex impregnation method were evaluated for the catalytic oxidation of acetonitrile. Among which, the 2CuCeOx-HZSM-5 sample exhibited the best degradation efficiency. In the temperature range of 225-350 °C, its activity and mineralization rate were approximately 100%, and the N2 selectivity remained more than 93%. The characterization results revealed that all the samples showed an existence of isolated Cu2+ species. And more Cu-Ce mixed oxides covered on HZSM-5 at an elevated Cu-Ce content, leading to the enhanced reducibility. In situ DRIFTS results showed that both oxidation and hydrolysis reaction routes proceeded during the degradation of acetonitrile over the composite catalysts. Their synergism was crucial to guarantee both high activity and N2 selectivity. The highly dispersed CuOx species ensured the superior activity of the 2CuCeOx-HZSM-5 sample. And Cu2+ exchanged HZSM-5 zeolite would be beneficial to N2 selectivity owing to the improved internal SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) reaction to reduce NOx from oxidation routes. Additionally, the mineralization rate was lowered with the formation of carbonaceous products like CH4 and CO for the catalysts at low Cu-Ce loading due to the lack of redox capacity.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17806, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082473

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is a newly emergent coronavirus, which has adversely impacted human health and has led to the COVID-19 pandemic. There is an unmet need to develop therapies against SARS-CoV-2 due to its severity and lack of treatment options. A promising approach to combat COVID-19 is through the neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 by therapeutic antibodies. Previously, we described a strategy to rapidly identify and generate llama nanobodies (VHH) from naïve and synthetic humanized VHH phage libraries that specifically bind the S1 SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, and block the interaction with the human ACE2 receptor. In this study we used computer-aided design to construct multi-specific VHH antibodies fused to human IgG1 Fc domains based on the epitope predictions for leading VHHs. The resulting tri-specific VHH-Fc antibodies show more potent S1 binding, S1/ACE2 blocking, and SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus neutralization than the bi-specific VHH-Fcs or combination of individual monoclonal VHH-Fcs. Furthermore, protein stability analysis of the VHH-Fcs shows favorable developability features, which enable them to be quickly and successfully developed into therapeutics against COVID-19.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059441

RESUMO

Obtaining a perovskite light-absorbing layer with good crystallization, low defect concentration, good stability, and well-matched energy levels is critical to obtaining high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Here, a hybrid PSC with a graded band gap is explored using MAPbBr3 (MA = CH3NH3) and MAPbBr0.9I2.1 quantum dots (QDs) as component cells. We have creatively designed a solar cell device with a double-QD structure [indium tin oxide (ITO)/SnO2/perovskite:MAPbBr3 QDs/MAPbBr0.9I2.1 QDs/Spiro-OMeTAD/Au]. A better crystal film of the perovskite absorption layer can be obtained because the MAPbBr3 QDs are doped in an antisolvent, which induces nucleation and growth in the polycrystalline perovskite. In addition, we expect that digestive ripening occurred in the crystallization, and the oleic acid ligands on the surface of the QDs disintegrate during the doping process and transfer to the surface of the perovskite absorption layer finally; it follows that the hydrophobicity and stability of the perovskite film are greatly enhanced. Moreover, a thin film of MAPbBr0.9I2.1 QDs is introduced between the perovskite absorption layer and the hole layer, acting as an energy-level ladder, which leads to well-matched energy levels, an increase in fill factor (FF), and an enhanced hole transport capability. In particular, the mechanism of the crystallization process involving the effect of oleic acid ligands on the interior and surface of the perovskite film is fully discussed here. The final research results from the PSCs show that both high efficiency and long-term stability are achieved successfully by this design strategy.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936397

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women. More than half of breast cancer patients are not menopausal at the time of diagnosis. The occurrence and development of premenopausal breast cancer are affected by many factors. Intestinal flora, especially SCFA-producing bacteria, participates in the development of various tumors, and there is a lack of in-depth research in premenopausal breast cancer patients. We used 16S rRNA gene sequencing, targeted metabolomics, and cell culture methods to analyze the changes in the intestinal flora and metabolites of premenopausal breast cancer patients. In addition, we treated breast cancer cells with significantly altered propionate and butyrate in vitro to examine their effects on cell activity. This study followed STROBE guidelines. We found that compared with healthy premenopausal women, the composition and symbiosis of intestinal flora in patients with premenopausal breast cancer changed significantly. The abundance of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria was significantly reduced, and the key SCFA-producing enzymes were also significantly reduced. Pediococcus and Desulfovibrio could distinguish premenopausal breast cancer patients from normal premenopausal women. The related propionate and butyrate had a certain ability to inhibit breast cancer cell viability in vitro. As SCFA-producing bacteria, Pediococcus and Desulfovibrio showed potential reference value for the diagnosis of premenopausal breast cancer. The ability of propionate and butyrate to inhibit breast cancer cell lines in vitro suggests that the relevant SCFA receptor may be a new target for the treatment of premenopausal breast cancer.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 532(3): 336-340, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873390

RESUMO

Golgi matrix protein 130 (GM130), encoded by GOLGA2, is the classical marker of the Golgi apparatus. It plays important roles in various mitotic events, such as interacting with importin-alpha and liberating spindle assembly factor TPX2 to regulate mitotic spindle formation. A previous study showed that in vitro knockdown of GM130 could regulate the meiotic spindle pole assembly. In the current study, we found that knockout (KO) mice progressively died, had a small body size and were completely infertile. Furthermore, we constructed an oocyte-specific GM130 knockout mouse model (GM130-ooKO) driven by Gdf9-Cre. Through breeding assays, we found that the GM130-ooKO mice showed similar fecundity as control mice. During superovulation assays, the KO and GM130-ooKO mice had comparable numbers of ovulated eggs, oocyte maturation rates and normal polar bodies, similar to the control groups. Thus, this study indicated that deletion of GM130 might have a limited impact on the maturation and morphology of oocytes. This might due to more than one golgin sharing the same function, with others compensating for the loss of GM130.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14895, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913294

RESUMO

Spectral composition affects emmetropization in both humans and animal models. Because color vision interacts the effects of chromatic defocus, we developed a method to bypass the effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration by placing a spectral filter behind the optics of the eye, using genetic tools. Newborn C57BL/6J (B6) mice were reared in quasi-monochromatic red (410-510 nm) or blue (585-660 nm) light beginning before eye-opening. Refractive states and ocular dimensions were compared at 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks with mice reared in normal white light. Cre recombinase-dependent Ai9 reporter mice were crossed with Chx10-Cre to obtain Chx10-Cre;Ai9 mice, expressing red fluorescent protein in retinal Cre-positive cells. Ai9 offsprings, with and without Cre, were reared under a normal visual environment. Refraction and axial components were measured as described above. Expression levels of M and S opsin were quantified by western blotting at 10 weeks. Compared with those reared in white light, B6 mice reared in red light developed relative hyperopia, principally characterized by flattening of corneal curvature. Emmetropization was not affected by blue light, possibly because the reduction in vitreous chamber depth compensated for the increase in corneal curvature. Compared with Cre-negative littermates, the refraction and axial dimensions of Chx10-Cre;Ai9 mice were not significantly different at the follow-up timepoints. M opsin levels were higher in Chx10-Cre;Ai9 mice at 10 weeks while S opsin levels were not different. Red light induced a hyperopic shift in mouse refractive development. Emmetropization was not impacted in mice with perturbed color vision caused by intrinsic red-fluorescent protein, suggesting that color vision may not be necessary in mouse emmetropization when other mechanisms are present.

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